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Патент USA US2405520

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Allg; 5, 1945-'
>A. B. RlcHARDsoN ET AL
2,405,520
_ DEVICE FOR lIMPREGNATING FILAMENTARY PACKAGES WITH LIQUIDS
_
INVENTOR.
HFTHUP .E F/:HHFUEDN
BY
DUN/#Ln C. THD/WMM
y
Patented Aug. 6, 1946
einem
UNITED STATES PATENT oFFlcE
2,405,520 Y
DEVICEFOR IMPREGNATING FILAMENTABY
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PACKAGES WITH LIQUIDS
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Arthur B. Richardson and Donald C. Thompson,
"Roanoke, Va., assignors tov American Viscose
Corporation, Wilin'inìgton, Del., a corporation ot
Dumm ' '
Application May 16, 1942, Serial No. 443,314
llßlaims ( Cl.V 68-;2(_)_6)
1
rIr’his. invention relates to improvements for im
pregnating packages of ñlamentary `material,
particularly annular wound packages of` artificial
or. natural ñlamentary. material which- are ob-_
niounted. upon a -cylindrical portion ofthe lower.
tube 3 Yjust back of the 'flange B securedl thereto'.
This large sprocket I5 Ais provided with a lsocket
tained by' means of centrifugal spinning- f and
I1 which is adapted toreceive onek end of a rod
twisting. potsfsuch packagesl being. generally .re-1
I8~ byQmeansof which an operator may insert
the ucakes to be. treated into operativel position
within the device. >The lowertube 3 has -its"up„v
perfsurface indented't'o provide, a longitudinal
guideway I3. for the rod `18.130 lighten the. burden
ofthe operatorinloading and unloading. the del
vice with the cakes to Abe treated.l `>A trough 2l),
is provided tov catch any'surplus liquid draining
frorn' the cakes during treatmentA and the. trough
ferred to as “cakes” whichterm will be used. here.
inafter.
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I_i-,hfis' an objectv of> the rinvention to provide a
novel andimproved form ofv liquid treating ap
paratus capable of treating a plurality of cakes
of, artiñcial iilarnentaryA material at once, of ap
plying'thé liquid» simultaneouslyto both the in
side >and the outside of the cakesand ofv yielding
rapid and uniformv impregnation thereof. IFur-v
ther objects. ofthe invention will be apparent from
the, drawing. and the. description thereof herein
after.
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ofthe device, ofthe invention,
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Figure 2. is an’end elevation of the. device with
parts cut away, `
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may. have a discharge pipe" 2|.V 'connected' to a
wastefline orto the. liquid supply. so that the
surplusdrippings may lbe'returned thereto?.I
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"The’deyicfe'faslthus far. described maybe oper.->
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"In the. drawing, illustrative of` the invention,
Figure l is a side elevationwith parts cut away,
2
drives a large sprocket I6 which is. rotatably
20,
ated. as follows; A loadingv rod having been re
movedfwith theprevious batch o'ff cakes,- a 'fresh
loading rod'l8'carr`yin'g Vasmany cakes asI inayfbe
accommodated along the- lengthï'ófl' theffspray
tubesìnay'be'brought into` position with one end
'Figure 3 showsthe electrical connectionsdiaf
resting'l‘upon the freefend of'v the` lower 'spray
grammatically,
' tube 3, >theÍ'operatortlfì'en sliding the loading-„rod
Figure ‘lshows a sideY elevation of‘ a modiñca-~
upto the Viia'nge ,6 >and.thereupon_ lifting'lthe .rod
tionof a detail of-the device,
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and inserting fit', intethe'f socket..- If'lf provided in
Figure 5y shows an end viewof‘such` modifica
the v`large' sprocket. I6. The’operatorthereupon
tion, and
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pushes allí ofthe cakes, which now-embrace. both
Figure 6 shows anend elevation oil-part of-.the 30 thelower spray tube'3 and the rod I8, up against
device with cakes thereon,
the flangefß, opens the valves l0 controlling- the
Figures. 1 and 2_ show. thel device without the
liquidfsu'pply line,- andswitches on the motor. l I.
cakesof ñlamentary material in position there
Uponlconipletion of >one cir-.more rotations ofthe
on.` Essentially, the devicelcomprises an vupright
standard 2r for supporting two horizontal tubes
3, and 4, preferably superimposed in a vertical
plane. The upper tube Il. is provided with a
plurality of-` spray headsr` along. its-‘under sur
face, each spray.- head conmrising- a single, or
rod 'f8 aboutlthe tube 3, the operator..- closes the
35 valve I0 and switches the motor Il 01T, unloads
the cakes andrepeats. the cycle for. subsequent
batches.
`
Figures 4 and 5.v show a modiñedjforin of lower
sprÍay tubeA 22 in which the> flange 2,3 (analogous
preferably, af pluralityA of oriñces, The., lower 4,0 to ñange 64 of Figures 1» and 2¿)Y secured thereto is
tube is also provided witha corresponding set of
slotted at 24 and a sloping trough like guideway
spray heads- 5, preferably. alongits lower surface
25 isA secured to the tube to form a substantially
and; aiiange @is secured to the lower tube 3
just beyond the spray. heads 5 in orderv to posi
continuous guiding surface from the grooved up
per surface> 26A of the spraytube to the socket I7
tion;Y the l cakes totbe placed thereonv adjacentv the
45 whenV it is ina position directly above the lower
Sprays A single wnduit- may. serve t0 Connect
thesupplyof- liquid tothe several spraysin each
tube. Byy such a modiñcation, theoperator may
simply. stop the socket >in its uppermost position
and both unloading and reloading are greatly fa
cilitated by 'means of the guideway 25 fromY the
of the rods. However, asshown'inFigure l., each
spray` head Binay be connected by, meansvof an
individual line> 'l to thel distributor.> 8, connected
tothe liquid supply by means of- a pipe9, which
is controlled by. means of ahvalve I0. TheV stand
ard, Zalsesuppqrts a meter. Il Whißh.- through
Suitable. connections, aan as. the Worm I2.y and
gear» wheel “t a Spreek@ I4; and a. Chair l5.,g
50 socket` to the lower tube. ’
In a preferred embodiment, the device- is pro-v
vided with electrical connections for automati
cally rstopping 'rotation of they motor and closing
the valve tothe liquid supply when they socket `I'l
définies' its @Perma position- TO. accbmplish
3
4
this result, the valve ID in the fluid supply line
may be a solenoid- or thrustor-operated valve
and a solenoid-operated brake may be provided
upon the shaft of the motor.
In addition, a
switch 21 is provided whose two terminals 28 and
29 are adapted to be closed by contact with the
outer periphery of the socket l1 at its uppermost
position (see Figure l). The arrangement is di
agrammatically represented in Figure 3, Thel
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ed for rotation about said member adjacent the
supported end thereof, a portable carrier for said
cakes insertable into and removable from the
socket for loading and unloading the device,
means for stopping said socket in a predetermined
position above the longitudinal member.
I`3. A device for treating wound cakes of fila
, mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber supported adjacent one end only, spray
closing of this switch 21 by the socket I1 causes 10 means thereon, a single socketed element mount
the main switch 30 connecting the motor and ,. ed for rotation about said member adjacent the
supported end thereof, a portable carrier for said
valve circuit to the power supply 3| to be opened,
cakes insertable into and removable from the sock
such as by the action of a solenoid 33 in the cir
et for loading and unloading the device, a second
cuit with the socket switch 21 which retracts a
longitudinal member having spray means thereon,
core 34 and thereby permits the main switch 30
to spring open to the position shown in Figure 3. Y said member being arranged substantially par
allel to the ñrst member at a distance therefrom
Assuming that the main switch 30 has thus been
greater than the radius of rotation of the socket.
opened and a fresh batch of cakes has been
4. A device for treating Wound cakes of ñla
loaded into the device, the operator starts the
machine by closing the main switch 3G by hand 20 mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber, a socketed >element mounted for rotation
or by a foot-operated lever and holding it closed
about said member, a portable carrier for said
until the socket I1 has passed out of contact with
cakes insertable into and removable from the
the terminals of the auxiliary switch 21. Clos
` socket for loading and unloading the device and
ing of the main switch effects opening of the
valve l0, operation of the motor H, and a release 25 means on said longitudinal member for guiding
said portable carrier with cakes suspended there
of the brake 35 such as by operating a solenoid
around along said member.
to retract suitable brake shoes from a brake drum
5. A device for treating wound cakes of fila
on the shaft of the motor in opposition to springs
mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
normally tending to cause breaking. Upon com
ber a socketed element mounted for rotation
pletion of a single rotation of the socket l1, the
about said member, a portable carrier >for said
auxiliary switch 21 is closed automatically by
cakes insertable into and removable from the
socket l1, thereby opening the main switch 30
which causes closing of the valve lll, and brak
socket for loading and unloading the device,
means for stopping said socket in a predeter
1f desired, the valve I0. may be replaced by a 85 mined position with respect to said longitudinal
member and means on said longitudinal member
measuring pump which may be operated by an
for guiding said portable carrier with cakes sus..
electric motor automatically controlled in the
pended therearound along said member and‘into
same manner as the valve lll to start delivery of
said socket in said predetermined position.
the liquid upon starting rotation of the cake sup
6. A device for treating Wound cakes of dla
porting rod and to stop delivery upon each com
mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
plete rotation of the rod.
ber, a socketed element mounted for rotation
While the device of the invention may be em
about said member, a portable carrier for said
ployed to apply any liquid to wound ñlamentary
cakes insertable into and removable from the
cakes, such as for bleaching, dyeing, etc., it is
socket for loading and unloading the device,
particularly adapted to the application of lubri
means for stopping said socket in a position sub
cating, softening, and conditioning media or so
stantially directly above said longitudinal mem
lutions thereof, especially in organic solvents hav
ber, and means on the upper surface of said
ing low surface tension. The device has pro
longitudinal member for guiding said portable
vision for applying the medium simultaneously
from both inside and outside the cakes while 50 carrier with cakes suspended therearound along
said member and into the socket.
moving the cakes relative to the liquid sprays.
7. A device for treating wound _cakes of fila
The result is an efjcient, rapid and uniform im
mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
pregnation of the cakes with a minimum of la
ing of the motor shaft.
,
bor expenditure, power consumption and loss of
ber; spray means thereon,_ a valve for con- ’
55 trolling the ñow of liquid to said spray means, a
materiaL
socketed element mounted for rotation about Said
member, a portable carrier for said cakes insert
able into and removable from the socket for load
to be illustrative only, and it is to be understood
ing and unloading the device, means for stopping
that changes and variations may be made with
out departing from the spirit and scope of the 60 said socket in a predetermined position with re
spect to said longitudinal member, means on said
invention as defined by the appended claims.
While preferred embodiments of the invention
have been disclosed, the description is intended
We claim:
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longitudinal member for guiding said portable
carrier with cakes suspended therearound along
1. A device for treating wound cakes of ñla
said member and into said socket in said pre
mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber supported adjacent one end only, a single 65 determined position and means associated with
said stopping means for substantially simultane
socketed element mounted for rotation about said
ously closing said valve when said socket reaches
member adjacent the supported end thereof, and
said predetermined position,
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a portable carrier for said cakes consisting essen
8. A device for treating wound cakes of ñla
tially of a substantially straight rod `insertable
into and removable from the socket for loading 70 mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber, spray means thereon, a valve for control
and unloading the device.
ling the flow of liquid to said spray means, a
2. A device for treating wound cakes of fila
socketed element mounted for rotation about said
mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber supported adjacent one end only, spray
member, a portable carrier for said cakes insert
able into and removable from the socket for load
means thereon, a single socketed element mount
5
2,405,520
ing and unloading the device, means for stopping
said socket in a predetermined position above said
longitudinal member, and means associated with
said stopping means for closing said valve.
9. A device for treating wound cakes of fila
mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber, spray means thereon, a valve for controlling
the flow of liquid to said spray means, a sock
eted element mounted for rotation about said
6
loading the device, a second longitudinal mem
ber having spray means thereon, said member
being arranged substantially parallel to the ñrst
member at a distance therefrom greater than the
radius of rotation of the socket, a valve for con
trolling the flow of liquid to said spray means in
the longitudinal members, means for stopping
said socket in a position substantially directly
above said longitudinal member, means on said
member, a portable carrier for said cakes insert 10 longitudinal member for guiding said portable n
able into and removable from the socket for
carrier with cakes suspended thereon along said
loading and unloading .the device, means for
member, and means associated with said stop- i
stopping said socket in a position substantially
ping means for closing said valve.
directly above said longitudinal member, means
11. A device for treating Wound cakes of ñla
on the upper surface of said longitudinal mem 15 mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber for guiding said portable carrier with cakes
ber supported adjacent one end only, a single
suspended thereon along said. member, and
means associated with said stopping means for
closing said valve.
10. A device for treating Wound cakes of iila
mentary material comprising a longitudinal mem
ber, spray means thereon, a socketed element
mounted for rotation about said member, a port
able carrier for said cakes insertable into and
removable from the socket for loading and un 25
socketed element mounted adjacent the supported
end of the member, and a portable carrier for
said cakes consisting essentially of a substantially
straight rod insertable into and removable from
the socket for loading and unloading the de
vice.
ARTHUR B. RICHARDSON.
DONAIiD C. THOMPSON.
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