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Патент USA US2405545

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Aug. 13', 1946.,
G. ANTOS ET AL -
2,405,545
AUTOMATIC CLUTCH
Filed Nov. 15, 1943,_
INVENTORS.
GEORGE HNTOS.
fMMEk/Ch' WEBER‘.
V
HTI'ORNEY.
,
.
‘
Patented Aug. 13, 1946
UNITE
2,45,545
STATES PATENT OFFRE
2,405,545
'
AUTOMATIC CLUTCH
George Antos and Emmerich Weber,
New York, N. Y.
Application November 15, 1943, Serial No. 510,264
4 Claims.
(Cl. 192—28)
1
2
This invention relates to improvements in de
vices for engaging and disengaging a constantly
revolving part, as a shaft, with a normally quies
raising the free end 23a of an arm 23.
cent element, as a gear wheel or the like, in order
within a recess 28 in the hub 29 of a gear or wheel
the mechanism, but may be caused to engage by
A pawl 24 of arcuate shape, is pivoted at 26
to communicate rotary motion to it, to control
to be driven, and is under the constant pressure
other mechanisms, such devices being commonly
of a leaf spring 30, riveted within the recess, the
called automatic clutches.
pawl having a reduced end extension 3|, movable
An object of the invention is to provide a clutch
in an inclosed slot 27 in the hub of the gear.
mechanism that is instant and positive in oper
The pawl 24 has, on its concave inner edge, an
ation, both for engagement and release, its 10 inreaching lug 33 adapted to be engaged by ‘the
strength being limited only by that of the mate
one of ends of the bar 21, when the pawl is pressed
rial used in its structure.
by the spring 33, thereby causing rotation of the
A further feature is in the provision of both
gear, which may be meshed with others as‘ re
automatic and manual means for clutching and
quired in driving various mechanisms intermit
unclutching the engaging elements, all of which 15
tently.
'
are of simple construction, adapted for long con
tinued service, and not subject to casual derange
ment.
A pair of supports 35, ?xed on the base [8, are
provided with adjustable pivot screws 33 on which
the arm 23 is mounted. The end of the arm, adja
Another purpose is to produce a clutch in which
cent the gear hub 29, is reduced, as at 2312, along
the driven element is prevented from over-run 20 side of which is a leaf 39 pivoted on a pin 40 in
ning, being held against an abutment coinciden
the arm 23. The arm element 231) and leaf 39 are‘
normally raised by springs 31 and 37a respective
tally with its release from the driver, and auto
matically stopped in an identical position at each
ly, seated in recesses in the base l8, so that the
release.
outer end 43 of the arm 23b abuts against the end
These several objects are accomplished by the 25 3| of pawl 24, thus maintaining its lug 33 out of
the path of the driver bar 2!, this being the nor
novel and practical construction, combination
mal condition.
and arrangement of parts hereinafter described,
, When the end 23a of the arm is raised, either
and illustrated in the annexed drawing, consti
manually or as by; the mechanism diagrammati~
tuting a pictorial part of this disclosure, and in
30 cally shown in Fig. 6, the end 43 of lever 231) will
which:
‘
be depressed, out'of the path of the pawl 24, thus
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of an embodi
permitting the pawl, under the effect of the spring
ment of the invention, shown with its clutch in
disengaged position.
'
36, to enter the path of the driver bar 2! so that
the bar engages the lug 33 to carry the gear
Fig. 2 is a top plan view of the same.
Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. l, but showing 35 around with it until the lug is released.
In the modi?ed form shown in Figs. 4 and 5,
the clutch members as at the beginning of their
the bar or pin 2| is omitted and for it is substi
operative engagement.
tuted a ratchet toothed star wheel 44 pinned or
Fig. 4 is a side view of modi?ed clutch engaging
keyed to the shaft I9, all other elements remain
members, others being omitted.
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4, but showing 40 ing as previously described.
Should it be required to operate the clutch au
the clutch members in full engagement with a
driven
element.
'
'
Fig. 6 is an end View of Fig. 1 showing an ad
‘
tomatically the arm 23 may be provided at its
outer end 23a with a narrow extension 46 having
justable automatic means to release the‘ clutch 45 bevelled side edges It‘! and 48, as shown in Figs. 1
and 2, and viewed also in Fig. 6.
members from engagement.
A slide rail 49, provided with a tenon 58, is ar
Referring in greater detail to the drawing, the
ranged to move transversely below the extension
clutch, generally designated by the numeral I5,
46, and adjustably mounted on it are dogs 5| hav
is shown as mounted in bearings l6 and H’, car
ing raised angular faces 52.
ried on a base 13; in these bearings is a shaft 19 50
These dogs may be held in adjusted position by
constantly rotating in the direction of the arrows
clamp screws 53, and their angular faces inclined
2B, seen in Figs. 1 and 3.
in either direction; obviously, upon contact of the
A driver bar 2| is set rigidly in the shaft to pro
faces with the extension 46, the arm 23a will be
trude at one or both of its ends 22, which are bev
tilted upward on its trunnions and the clutch
elled and normally clear the adjacent parts of
55 elements disengaged.
2,405,545
4
3
In engaging the clutch elements, let it be pre
sumed the shaft i5 is constantly rotating, car
rying either the driver bar 2i or star wheel 44
with it. As shown in Fig. l, the arm element 232)
has, near its outer bevelled terminal 43, a ?at
tened upper surface 4% seated against a cam
like surface 42a in a lateral recess of the hub 29.
The extremity 43 of the arm abuts the tip of
the reducedend 31 of the pawl 25, thereby prositively preventing the pawl lug 33 from engag~
ing the driver bar 21, and the “fiat” 420: will be
projection on said member, said projection con
taining a chambered recess and an indentation in
its exterior, a pawl pivoted in the recess and hav
ing a part engageable with said toothed element,
a spring urging the pawl into engagement, said
pawl having its free end extending into the in
dentation, a spring-raised tiltable lever arm to
intercept the pawl end when in a raised posi
tion thereby to displace the same from the
toothed element, a leaf pivoted to said arm and
normally spring-pressed against said hub-like
induced to come to rest against the flat surface
421) on the arm by reason of the pressure exert~
ed by spring 31 thus assuring at all times, a re
projection to serve as a brake, and adjustable
means’for actuating said arm.
2. In- a clutchfor engaging a constantly rotat
turn by the hub or casing 29 to its initial radial 15. _,ing. shaft with an encircling member, one or
position.
more aligned lateral projections on said shaft, a
Engagement ensues by raising the outer ele-r
ment 46, or adjacent part 230;‘ of the arm, there
pawl pivoted'in said'member, a spring urging said
pawl to engage the projections, said pawl having
its free end extending outwardly beyond said
by tilting the opposite end 23?) downwardly,
clearing the surfaces 421)“ and 52a from contact 20 member, a pivoted. lever,'a secondspringto raise
and releasing the pawlv end; piece 31, allowing'the
said lever into position- to maintain‘ the pawl,
pawl to move, under the urge of‘,v the spring 32,
normally out of contact with said‘ projections,
and the pawl lug 33*to engage the‘ driver bar 213,
or teeth of the wheel 44, thereby transmitting’ ro
tary motion to the gear through its hub.
However, the upper flat surface of the end of
leaf' 39‘ still maintains contact with the “flat”
42a to prevent rotation of‘ the hub 29 until the
pawl lug 33 has‘been ‘engaged by the driverbar
2|. Coincidently, the bevelled ‘end it 'of the‘ leaf
39 is pressed downwardly, against" the pressure
said lever being tiltable to releasesaid pawl to
permit it to be engaged by one of the projections,
a leaf 'pivoted to the lever to ride over the sur
face of said member to serve as a brake, and
means to control the movement of said lever and
leaf.
7
'
3. In, a clutch comprising a constantly’ rotate
ing drive shaftv having lateral projections and a
chambered annulus therearound having a pawl
of'the spring Slat, thereafter to rideron the sur
pivoted therein spring urged to engage the pro—
face of thehub 29; continuing'todo'so until the
jections, a pivoted lever having one end normally
lying in the path of, the, pawl end to restrain it
arm 23a has been shifted.
This can be done manually, or automatically 35 from engagement with the projections and to’
by thedevice, shown best in Fig. (i, which, can be
maintain. said annulus quiescent, a leaf having
adjusted to suit varying conditions. This‘ device
a bevelled outer end to act at times as a brake
comprises a rail 5i!" ?xed cross-wisebelow the
on the surface of said annulus, and at other
times having engagement with a “?at” on the
on the rail‘ is mounted one‘ or more dogs 5!, or 40" annulus to restrain it from‘ rotating after the re
such length and inclination as may behest‘ suit-'
straining means has been moved'from the path
ed‘ for‘ their purpose, as for instance the-length
of the pawlend' and until the. pawl has engaged
of‘time the lever arm is raised, and" hence the
the projection, said‘ l'ever' coincidently acting as‘
number of revolutions of the gear-beforethe end
a positive stop, a transverse rail slidably mount
53" of ‘the lever againenters the path of thepawl 4 CH 5 ted below the opposite endof saidlevenand one
3i. Attention is invited to the‘ fact‘ that stop
‘or more dogs having angular faces adjustable on
ping and starting are instantaneous, and that no
said rail to cause tilting of the lever atpredeter
possible slip or over-running can occur; further
mined points.
more, stopping is accomplished in such manner
4. In a clutch for engaging a constantly rotat
that the gear, and any connections made to it,
ing shaft with an enclircling member, one or
are caused to cease rotation‘ at one universalstcp
morev alignedlateral projections on said shaft, ‘a
ping point, a‘ feature seldom, if ever attainedby‘
pawl pivoted in said‘ member,. a spring. urging
any known form of clutch.
said pawl to engage the projections, said pawl
While the foregoing’i-g descriptive of an actual
having its free end extending outwardly. beyond
embodiment of the invention; it is to be regard
said
member; a pivoted lever, a second spring to
ed‘ as‘ suggestive, rather than prohibitive of other
raise said lever into position. to maintain the
forms which the device may assume within the
outer end 46 of‘ the tiltable arm 23;‘ adjustably
terms of the appended claims.
What is claimed as new and sought to secure‘
by Letters Patent, is:
1. man automatically operated clutch includ
ing a constantly rotating shaft and a member to
be driven at intervals freely‘ mounted thereon, a
toothed element ?xed on‘ said shaft, a hub-like
pawl normally out of contact with said projec
tions, said lever being tiltable to release said pawl
to permit it to be, engagedby one of the projec
tions, and a leaf pivoted to the lever to ride over
the surface of said member to servev as abrake.
GEORGE 'ANTOS.
EMMERICH WEBER.
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