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Патент USA US2405621

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Aug. 13, w46.
N. TESTI' l
" www
MAGAZINE `Fon SAFETY >mazen BLADES
Filed Dec. 2:5, 1942
2/
24
/3
za
Patented Aug. 13, 1946
2,4 5,621
UNITED STATES PATENT formes
MAGAZINE FOR SAFETY RAZOR .BLADES
Nicholas Testi, Boston, Mass., assignor to »Gillette
Safety Razor Company, Boston, 'll/lass., a corpo
ration of Delaware
Application December 23, 1942., Serial No.V 469,896 `
1
13 Claims.V (C1. 20S-_16)
This `invention consists in an improved mag
azine ~for containing thin flexible safety razor
blades in a novel stacked Aformation with the
'blades spaced at one end of the stack by inter
leaved shims or extension pieces thus facilitat
ing the separation from the stack of one blade
at a time and its delivery from the magazine.
The problem of positively and accurately sep
arating one thin blade after another from a stack
2
be best understood and appreciated `from Athe `fol
lowing description of 'a preferred embodiment
vthereof Yselected Afor purposes of illustration-and
shown 'in the accompanying drawing, in which:
Fig. >1 is a view in perspective of my improved _
Amagazine »shown »as containing a stack of live
slotted blades;
Y
'
`
Fig. 2 is a Aview in cross-section on the line
>and delivering it in pre-determined position to 10 II-II of Fig. 3 showing four blades in the
magazine;
a safety razor or other destination has engaged
the skill and resources of blade manufacturers
y
'
s
'
'
Fig. 3 is a view ofthe magazine in longitudinal
section on an enlarged scale;
Figs. 4, 5 and 6 are full-sized views in longi
and distributors for many years. This is because
of the fact that safety razor blades are usually
section showing different steps in the
-not overr.007" in-thickness and sometimes as 15 tudinal
cycle of operations; »and
`»
thin as .004”. The slight thickness of such in~
Fig.
7
is
an
exploded
view
in
perspective
dividual blades when superposed in direct contact
showing the empty magazine and a blade en
does not afford an adequate abutment for en
closed at one end by a pair of shims.
`
gagement by a blade feeder. It is extremely
'In the illustrated embodiment the magazine is
diñicult, therefore, with any assurance of ac
shown as including'in its structure a rectangular
curacy ’to separate a single blade at a time from
Abase
plate l0 which may be of metal or moulded
a stack of blades and to avoid serious danger
of plastic material and from which projects an
of jamming by inadvertently moving two blades
upright blade-locating rib Ail formed integral
at a time into the blade exit opening of the
`with the base plate or' attached thereto. A
magazine.
25 cylindrical stud l2 is set in the base plate in
In my prior application, Ser. No. 331,847, I pro
spaced relation from one end of the rib l l. It
vided spacing between the individual blades of a
is »shouldered so that its upper end provides a
stack by staggering the blades longitudinally and
short rib aligned `with the rib il. The stud has
thus substantially double the available space in
the function of carrying the loose shims as Well
which the blade feeder is to work. In the mag
as `forming an abutment for the solid ends of the
azine of that prior application, however, the or
blades
‘in ~`the stack as will presently appear.
ganization is such that the blades must `be de
'The magazine herein shown is designed to
livered alternately from opposite ends of the
handle slotted safety razor blades of the well
magazine. An object oi" the present invention
known “Gillette” type, shown for example, inl
accordingly is to provide a magazine wherein the
Fig. f?. The blade i3 is provided with _a long
blades may be adequately spaced at their engaged
symmetrically disposed slot ill widened in local
ends but discharged always from the same end
areas to receive the particular blade-locating
of the magazine. To this end an important fea
>projectir'ins of the razor with which it is designed
ture of the ‘invention consists in a magazine
use. 'The ’blade is >recessed in each of its
having a stack of blades, the individual blades of 40 >for
corners and thus provided at both ends with solid
which are separated at one end only 'by a series
elongated »unsharpened end portions. The blades
of shims or spacers. As herein shown these
I3 maybe held in superposed stack formation
shims or spacers have in addition to their spac
bythe rib Il, being freely movable thereon and
ing function the additional function of shields,
they are at all times yieldingly pressed upwardly
acting to prevent the feeder from advancing any'
by a bowed spring i5 which is forked "and so
individual blades until the spacer above it vhas
adapted vto be pushed into place 'between the
been removed~ from its position in the stack. As
blade stack and the base plate i6 when the
herein sho-wn this is eiîected by movement of the
magazine has been loaded.
'feeder into its initial position with respect tothe
The individualblades 'i3 are separated atoneV
blade to be ejected. Accordingly it is vimpossible Si) end
only of the stack by slotted open-ended shims
to pick up a second blade for delivery until .the
i5. As shown in Fig. "l each shim has a keyhole
preceding blade has been substantially ejected
slot opening >through the inner edge of the shim
and the feeder moved the full distance to its in
and ci such size and shape as to slide ireely upon
itial position in the feeding stroke. An impor
`the stud l2. The body of the shim is thus cen
tant advantage of this construction is that the 5,' tered on the stud lwhile its open end projects
individual blades may .be separated by any 1de
inwardly over the end of the adjacent blade and
sired amount corresponding to the thickness of
straddles the end of the lrib i i,
the spacer pieces, the spacing not being limited
The magazine includes in its structure van
to merely a blade thickness.
'These `and other features of the invention will
elongated sheet met-al Vcasing ä-û'rectangular in
.cross-sectionv and 4adapted to receive the Vbase
2,405,621
3
plate ID and to be held in place thereon by
tongues of sheet metal which are struck out of
the bottom of the casingas shown in Fig. 3. ‘ The
`upper wall of the casing is formed by inturned
flanges 2l and 22 which are spaced apart at their
inner edges so as fully to expose the rib H and
4
tially ejected. In its upward movement the shim
is carried into a position in which it clears the
cylindrical portion of the stud I2 but is still con
trolled in its movement by the rib formed in the
upper end of the stud. As the feeder 24 is now
' moved toward the left it encounters the open end
of the shim I5 and ejects it at the left end of the
magazine as shown in Fig. 6. The ejection of the
shim of course immediately releases the second
blade in the stack so that it is elevated into con
tact with the flanges 2| and 22 (with a second
shim beneath its end) in readiness to be ejected
from the right-hand end of the magazine by the
next movement of the feeder toward the right.
Movement of the feed slide 24 toward the left
as
shown in Figs. 3-6 is terminated by engagement
the space between these flanges. It extends in
of
the slide with the tongues 23 in a position
side the casing 23 and into the plane of the- up
wherein the lower face of the slide engages the
permost blade and is arched,'as shown in Fig. 2,
shim which has just been uncovered, that is to
to clear the top of the stud I2. The body of the
say, the shim which is located beneath the blade
20
feed slide is shouldered beneath the flanges 2I
now uppermost in the stack. The feed slide de
and 22 of the casing and thus provided with a
presses or holds down this shim and the' blades
contact surface for engaging the end of the blade
beneath it and at the same time the forward
I3, or the end of the shim I5 whichever is upper
edge of the slide clears the end of the uppermost
most in the stack. For example, in Fig. 3 the
blade and lies in position to abut against its left
feed slide 24 has completed its movement toward
hand end. Each shim thus constitutes in effect
the left and has just ejected a shim. Now, when
a temporary extension of the blade underlying
it is moved toward the right it will advance the
it and a shield or deflector preventing engagement
topmost blade I3 toward the right and deliver it
of the slide with the rear end of that blade until
vfrom the right-hand end of the magazine. Each
the
shim has itself been removed `and ejected by
30
of the flanges 2l and 22 is provided with a turned
movement of the slide to its extreme left-hand
up ear 23 at each end to limit the feeding move
position as suggested in Fig. 6. The thickness of
ment of the slide 24. the shim is, therefore, optional, It may con
As already intimated> the blades of the stack
veniently be of the same thickness as the blades,
yare assembled on the blade-locating rib II with
their solid ends in substantial contact with the 35 or it may be somewhat thinner since in the illus
trated construction the Vthickness of the feeder
stud I2, the ends being interposed between the
insures the adequate separation of the uppermost
stud and the left end of the rib II as shown in
blade from those beneath it, as clearly illustrated
Fig. 3. The ñanges 2I and 22 of the casing denne
in Fig. 3.
s
a blade exit opening at each end of the maga
From the foregoing description it willbe under
zine and as shown, in Fig. 3. The forward solid 40
stood that as the feed slide is reciprocated a shim
ends of the blades I3 are held in face-to-face
is ejected in each full movement toward the left
contact at the right hand end of the magazine by
and a blade is ejected in each full movement of
the action of the spring I6. At their rear ends,
the
slide toward the right. The shims are all
however, the blades I3 are separated and inter
stripped from the post I2 and ejected at the left
leaved with the shims I5, these being threaded
hand end of the magazine whereas the blades I3
upon the stud I2 and extending forwardly upon
are all ejected from the right-hand end of the
opposite sides of the blade for perhaps one
magazine.
i
eighthof its length. The effect of these shims
In filling the magazine the blades and shims
is >to space or separate therear ends of the indi 50 maybe placed alternately on the rib II and the
vidual blades by the thickness of the shims.
post I 2 respectively before the base plate IU is in
The' operation of> my improved magazine will
serted in the casing 20. After these parts have
be apparent from consideration of Figs. 3-6. In
been assembled the spring I6, which is forked,
Figs. 3 and 4 the feeder is` shown as in its initial
may be pushed into place beneath the stack.
position at the left end of the magazine, bridg
ing the stud I2 and extending behind the solid 55 It will be noted that the upper edge of the rib
II is curved or bevelled at its ends in order to
rear end of the uppermost blade in the stack.
prevent
catching of the uppermost blade thereon
VTheßlowermost or inner horizontal face of the
when
it
is
advanced by the feeder.
I
feed slide engages the surface of the shim I5 lying
Having thus disclosed my invention and de
beneath the end of the uppermost blade and de
scribed a preferred embodiment thereof I claim as
presses it and the three blades in the stack shown
new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
as located beneath it. When now the feeder is
l. A magazine for safety razor blades includ
moved toward the right the uppermost blade in
ing
in its structure a casing having a blade-exit
the stack is advanced positively toward the right
opening at Vone end, means movably retaining a
by the front vertical face of the feed slide and
stack of blades in the casing, a blade feeder mov
out through the exit opening of the magazine
able in the casing to engage and advance by end
by endwise movement. As soon as the feeder has
wise
movement the uppermost blade of the stack,
moved a substantial distance toward the right
a 'stack of slotted shims interleaved between in
the shim I5 which was formerly beneath it is
dividual blades at one end only of the stack, and
moved upwardly with the blade stack by the
means in said casing for holding said shims pos
70
spring I6 into yielding contact with the flanges
itively against movement in the direction in
2l and 22 of the casing, that is, it occupies sub
which the blades are ejected but permitting
stantially the position which has just been vacat
movement
thereof in the opposite direction.
ed by the rear end of the preceding blade, Fig.
2. A magazine for safety razor blades, includ
5 illustrates the magazine with the shim in this
position and with the preceding blade substan 75 ing in its structure a casing, means therein hold
the centra1 portion of the uppermost blade I3
in the blade stack. As already intimated the
stack is lifted by the spring `I6 so that the outer
or upper face of the uppermost blade I3 bears
against the inner faces of the flanges 2I and 22.
The blade-feeding device herein shown is a
slidev 24 and is shaped to make an interlocking
sliding fit with the inner edges of the spaced.A
flanges 2| and 22. The body of the slide occupies
~ 2,405,621
5
6
ing a stack of perforated blades in vertical reg
with the blades, covering a portion only of the
adjacent blades and held by said stud with their
open ends straddling the blade-locating rib, and
istration at both ends, shims interleaved between
the blades of the stack at one end only, a feed
slide guided for movement adjacent to the stack
in the casing, and spring means for moving ñrst
means movable longitudinally in said casing for
ejecting first a shim at one end of the casing and
a blade and then a shim into position to be en
then a blade at the other end thereof.
gaged and ejected in opposite directions by the
9. A magazine for safety razor blades, com
feeder.
prising a base plate provided with a blade-locat
3. A magazine for safety razor blades, includ
ing projection having a stack of apertured blades
ing in its structure a casing having means therein 10 thereon, a shim-retaining projection with a
holding a stack of perforated blades in vertical
'stack of shims thereon which are interleaved
registration at both ends, shims interleaved be
with the blades at one end only of the blade
tween the blades at one end only of the stack
stack, a casing enclosing the said parts and hav
and extending outwardly from the body of the
stack, each as a longitudinal extension of an un
derlying blade, a feeder movable in the casing in
contact afternately with the uppermost blade or
shim in the stack, and a spring urging the stack
ing a blade exit opening at one end, and a feeder
15 movable on the casing and shaped to engage the
blades and shims alternately as the feeder is
moved in opposite directions and to displace them
by endwise movement.
always upwardly.
10. A magazine for rï‘afety razor blades com
4. A magazine for safety razor blade-s includ 20 prising a casing having therein separate means
ing in its structure an elongated casing having
holding respectively a stack of perforated blades
therein means holding a stack of perforated
and a stack of slotted shims, the shims being in
blades and a blade exit at one end, together with
terleaved between the blades at one end only of
a post, a stack of shims threaded upon the post
the stack, thereby spacing the ends of adjacent
and interleaved between the blades at one end 25 blades from each other, the shim-holding means
only of the stack, and a blade-feeder mounted
being shaped to prevent inward movement of the
for longitudinal movement in the casing and
shims, and a feeder movable in the casing for
having a face for engaging and advancing one
removing the shims one by one by endwise move
blade after another from the stack.
ment in an outward direction.
5. A magazine for safety razor blades, having 30
11. A magazine for safety razor blades includ
in combination, a casing provided with a projec
ing in its structure an elongated casing having
tion for` holding a stack of blades in vertical
therein means holding a stack of perforated
alignment therein, a spring for urging the stack
blades and a blade exit opening at one end, to
toward the top of the casing, a feeder slide
gether with a plurality of thin open-end shields
mounted for movement in the said casing above 35 projecting outwardly from one end of the stacx
the blade stack and having a fiat blade-depres
in alternative relation to the blades and over
sing face and a vertical blade-feeding edge, slot
lapping only a portion of the adjacent blades,
ted shims interleaved between all of the indi
thereby separating the individual blades at one
vidual blades at one end of the stack, and a post
end, a spring acting on the blades to hold them
for holding the shims positively against inward 40 in contact with each other at the other end of
movement, the feed slide traversing and depres
the stack, and a blade feeder movable in said
sing one of the shims and the underlying blade
casing from an initial position in contact with
with its ñat face while advancing the uppermost
one of the shields to engage and advance by end
blade by its vertical edge.
wise movement a blade overlapping the inner end
6. A magazine for safety razor blades includ 45 of said shield.
ing in its structure an elongated casing having
12. A magazine for safety razor blades, having,
therein a projection holding a stack of perforat
in combination, a casing, means therein holding
ed blades in vertical alignment, a second pro
a stack of perforated blades in vertical align
jection holding a series of slotted shims ywhich
ment, open-end shims separating the blades, one
50
are substantially shorter than the blades and
from the other, at one end of the stack only and
have their slotted ends pushed in between al
overlapping a portion only of the adjacent
ternate blades of the stack, and a feeder mov
blades, spring means tending to elevate the stack
able in the casing first to back out the upper
above the holding means and causing the blades
most shim of the series by endwise movement and
to contact with each other at the other end of
then to advance the blade next beneath that
the stack, and a feeder on said casing movable
shim.
into engagement with the separated end of one
7. A magazine for safety razor blades, having
blade after another.
in combination, an elongated casing, means
13. A magazine for safety razor blades, having
within the casing holding a stack of blades, sep
in combination, a casing, means therein holding
arate means within the casing holding a stack 60 a stack of blades in vertical alignment, thin sheet
of shims which are substantially shorter than
metal shields overlying a portion only of the ad
the blades and are arranged in alternation with
jacent blades alternating with the blade-s at one
the said blades at one end of the stack, and co
end of the stack and uniformly separating their
operating means movable in the casing for re
ends, the said shields extending outwardly be
moving blades and shims alternately by end
yond the end of the blade stack, a spring tend
wise movement from their stacked arrangement.
ing to elevate the blade stack, and a feeder op
8. A magazine for safety razor blades, having
erating in the casing and movable longitudinally
in combination, an elongated casing provided
above the stack ñrst in face-to-face contact with
with exit openings at both ends, a rib within the
a shield and then in face-to-face contact with
casing holding a stack of slotted blades, a stud 70 the blade underlying the said shield.
within the casing disposed adjacent to one end
of the rib, a stack of open-end shims interleaved
NICHOLAS TESTI.
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