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Патент USA US2405668

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Aug~ 33, 3945-
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..Lw. PAXTON ETAL ’
FILING CABINET
Filed Jan. 4, 1945
' 2 Sheets-Sheet l
III
20
Aug. 13, 19.46.
J. w. PAXTON, ETAL
FILING CABINET
Filed ‘Jan. 4, 1945
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Patented Aug. 13>,~ with
2,405,668
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,405,668
FILING CABINET
John Warren Paxton, Bloomington, and Irving
Richard Cornish, Elmhurst, 111.
Application January 4, 1945, Serial No. 571,272
5 Claims.
1
(01. 45—2)
2
The main objects of this invention are to pro
vide an improved form of ?ling cabinet wherein
the movement of the container between storage
and access positions in the container compart
Fig. 7 is a view similarto Fig. 6 but showing
the parts shifted so. as to move the container into
its access position similar to the position of the
parts shown in Fig. 4 ;
Fig. 8 is a transverse view of the same taken
on a plane directly inward of the casing end [0,
with the container retracted to its storage posi
tion and the cabinet panel closing the container
ment is automatically effected by the horizontal
shifting of the cabinet panel, after being swung
from its position serving as a closure for said con
tainer compartment to it's full open position; to
provide an improved mounting of the container
compartment; - and
within the casing for a reciprocating horizontal 10
Fig. 9 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional
movement between its storage and access posi
detail taken on the line 9—9 of Fig. 6.
tions; to provide improved means hingedly sup
A type of filing cabinet, constructed in accord
porting said panel and movable horizontally of
ance with this invention, as shown in Figs. 1 to 5,
said casing when said panel is in alinement with
comprises a casing or housing It] providing a
said means; to provide improved connections be
compartment il wnerein is mounted a container
tween the container and the casing-panel sup- .
l2 horizontally movable between storage and ac
porting means whereby the shifting of said means
cess positions as an action complementary to the
automatically e?ects the shifting of the container
horizontal mining of a casing panel l3, and its
between its storage and access positions; to pro
supporting means Hi, the movement of the panel
vide an improved construction of this kind par
and means being communicated to the container
ticularly suitable for ?ling cabinets of the “side- 20
through link mechanism lb.
?ling” type; and to provide a side-?ling cabinet
The casing or housing iii comprises the usual
construction of this kind which is exceedingly
sides Iii, a back H, a bottom Hi, and a top I9, suit
simple and inexpensive to manufacture, which
ably assembled and secured together so as to pro
economizes on floor space for either storage or
vide one or more container compartments ll.
25
access purposes, and which is the acme of con
Where the casing or housing is arranged to pro
venience in use.
vide more than one compartment ll, partitions
In the structures illustrated in the drawings,
it! are appropriately positioned therein to sep
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a two-container
arate the several compartments. For each such
unit embodying the preferred form of this inven
compartment the panel it constitutes a closure
tion, the upper container being shown in its closed 30 when in its vertical position, as shown in Figs. 1,
or storage position and the lower container being
2 and Z5.
shown in its open or access position;
, 'l'iie container 12 is formed with a bottom
Fig. 2 is an enlarged transverse sectional view,
member 2i and a back member 22 secured to
taken from a plane just within the side wall I6,
35 gether at right angles by means or a pair or end
showing the container in its closed or storage
members 26. PreIei-ably, the I'orward portions of
position;
these eiid members 2c are rounded, as shown in
Fig. 3 is a similar view showing the casing
the drawings. Rollers ‘as, suitably jouriialed on
panel, which constitutes a closure for the con
the sides 23, of the container :2, are supported
tainer compartment, in horizontal alinement with 40 in tracks 25, attached to the casing sides It, to
its supporting means, in which position the panel
provide ior the horizontal sniiting or‘ the con
is shiftable transversely of the casing to effect
the outward shifting of the container.
.
Fig. 4 is a view, similar to Fig. 3, showing the
panel and its support retracted and the container 45
tainer between its retracted or storage position
in the casing compartment Ii, as shown in Figs.
1, 2, 3, and u, and its extended or access position,
as shown in Figs. 1, e and 7. The tracks 25
in its correspondingly open or access position;
are secured at their ends with the intermediate
Fig. 5 is an enlarged, fragmentary, sectional
view, taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 2, showing
the roller-rack support for the container and the
mounting for the connecting link mechanism
whereby the shifting of the casing panel and its
support automatically effects an outward shifting
portions spaced from the side walls I6.
In the modi?cation shown in Figs. 1 to 5, the
casing panel I3 is hinged to the plate l4, the
of the container;
'
ends or‘ which are received in channels 27 formed
to permit said plate to slide inwardly and out
wardly on the bottom l8 or the partition 20.
(See Fig. 5.) The bottom it or partition 20 is
recessed adjacent to the sides to provide clear
55 ance for the ends of the links l5.
Fig. 6 is a plan view, partly broken away, show
ing a modi?ed form of the connecting link mech
anism whereby the horizontal shifting of the
casing panel and its support effects the outward
shifting of the container (in this view the ar
rangement of the parts corresponds with those
shown in Fig. 3).
60
Pairs of links 15, whereby the shifting of the
plate I4 effects a counter-shifting of the con
tainer 12, are pivoted at 28 on the inner faces
of the sides It of the casing.’ Slots 29 and 30
are formed in the ends of each of the links I5
2,405,668
3
4
of said casing, and link mechanism pivoted on
said casing and having suitable pin and slot con
nection with said plate and said container where
by the movement of said plate and panel causes
a shifting of said container between its storage
and access positions.
3. A ?ling cabinet, comprising a vertically dis
posed casing providing an open-front container
which receive pins SI and 32 secured, respec
tively, to the container ends 23 and the plate
14. The pivots 28 for the links H‘: and the forma
tion of the slots 29 and 30, together with the
positioning of the pins 3! and 32 are such that
the backward and forward movement of the plate
Ill, as effected by the panel l3, will cause an
opposite movement of the container l2 between
compartment, a container mounted on said cas
its storage and access positions, respectively; ,
ing within said compartment for horizontal
In the modi?cation shown in Figs. 6, '7, 8, and 9,
the panel i3 is hinged to a pair of bars i4’
shifting through said open front between a stor
age position wholly within said compartment and
mounted on rollers for reciprocal movement in
channels 21' formed on the bottom ill or parti
an access position partially extended beyond the
front of said casing, a casing panel constituting
tions 25 adjacent to the sides l6 of the casing.
a closure for said open front of the container
The channels in this case may well be grooves
cut in the face of the partition 2'0 or the bottom
18. ' The sides I6 vof the ‘casing are recessed to
_ The pair of links l5 are pivoted at 28' on the
compartment, means slidably mounted on said
casing under said container and hingedly con
nected to said panel to permit swinging thereof
into and out of the plane of movement of said
bottom !8 or partition 20 of the casing.
means to be shifted therewith transversely of
provide clearance for the ‘ends of the links 15'.
The
said casing, and mechanism connecting said
end slots‘ 30' receive pins 32' on the bars l4’.
‘- However, the inner ends of the links l5 carry
the pins 3|’ which are received in slots 129' formed
in a channel bar 33, which is adapted to receive
means and container whereby the movement of
said means and panel causes a shifting of said
container between its storage and access posi
tions.
4. A ?ling cabinet, comprising a vertically dis
a roller 84 journaled o'nithe bottom '2! of the
container
l2.
'
'
'
_
Y The (material for ?ling in the containers I2 is
arranged therein in’ a vertical position with the
index tabs at ‘the router ‘upper corners and ex
tending beyond the curved portions‘of the ‘con’
posed casing providing an open-front container
compartment, a container mounted on said casing
within said compartment for horizontal shift
30 ing through said open front between a storage
tainer ends’ l_2. The material is' placed in or
removed from the containersidewise, rather’than
from the top as is the case with pull-out type of
container of the ‘conventional ?ling cabinet.
The operationrof the device is believed to be
fully apparent fromthe foregoing description.
' Other 'variationsfand,modincations in the de
tails of the structure and arrangement of the
parts maybe resorted to within the spirit and
coverage of the appended claims.
We claim:
‘
‘
'
'
1.' A ?le cabinet comprising, a vertically dis
posed casing' providing an open-front container
compartment, a container mounted on said casing
position wholly within said compartment and
an access position partially extended beyond the
front of said casing, a casing panel constituting
a closure for said open front of the container
compartment, means slidably mounted on said
casing under said container and hingedly con
nected to said panel to permit swinging thereof
into and out of the plane of movement of said
means to be shifted therewith transversely of
said casing, and link mechanism pivoted on said
casing and having suitable pin and slot connec
tion with said means and said container whereby
the movement of said means and panel causes
a shifting of said container between its storage
within said compartment for "shifting between a _ - and access positions.
storage position wholly within said compartment
'
5. A ?ling cabinet, comprising a vertically dis
posed casing providing an open-front ‘container
compartment, a container mounted on said cas
and an access position partially extendedhbeyond
the front of said casing, a casing panel consti
tuting a closure for said open front of the con
tainer compartment, means slidably mounted on
ing within said compartment for horizontal shift
,ing'through said open front ‘between a storage
said casing and hingedly connected to said panel
position wholly within vsaid compartment and
to permit the swinging thereof into and out of
the‘ plane of ‘movement of said means to be
shifted ‘therewith transversely of said casing, and
an access position partially extended beyond the
front of said casing, a casing panel constituting
mechanism’ connecting said means and container ,
whereby the movement of said means and panel
causes a shifting of said container between its
storage and access positions.
2. A ?le cabinet comprising, a vertically dis
posed casing providing an open-front container
compartment, a’container mounted on said cas
ing within said compartment for shifting between
a storage position wholly within said compart
ment and an access position partially extended
beyond the front of said vcasing, a casing panel
constituting a closure for said open front of the
container compartment, a plate slidably mounted
on ‘said casing under said container and hingedly
connected to said panel to permit the‘ swinging
thereof into and out of the plane of movement
of said plate to be shifted therewith transversely
a closure for said open front of the container
compartment, a pair of bars slidably mounted on
the bottom of said casing adjacent to the sides
thereof and hingedly connected to said panel to
permit the swinging thereof into and out of hori
zontal al'inement with ‘said bars to be shifted
therewith transversely of: said casing, a pair of
links pivoted intermediate their ends on the bot-'
tom of said casing and having pin and slot con
nection at their outer ends to said bars, a chan
nel bar having pin and slot connection with the
inner ends of ‘said links, and a pin on said con
tainer seated in said channel bar whereby the
shifting of said bars causes an opposite shifting
of said container between its accessvand storage
positions.
'
'
JOHN WARREN PAXTON.
IRVING RICHARD CORNISH.
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