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Патент USA US2405788

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Aug.__ 13, 1946.
Filed 'Feb. ‘.8, 1945
542mm 3:16
Patented Aug. 13, 1946
Heinz Hens’chel, Johannesburg, lTransva'al, Union
- ‘of 'South Africa, assignor of ‘one-half to
Heinz vBernhard Hammerschlag, Johannesburg,
Transvaal, Union‘ of South Africa
Application February 8, 1945, Serial ‘No. 576,729
.In'th'e 'Unioniof South Africa March 21, 1944
-2 > Claims.
(01. 2—139)
This invention-relates to shirt :c'ollars,;and more
particularly ‘to turn-down'colla‘rs ‘and the means
fol-attaching them to their shirts.
The object of the invention is to provide a
‘turn-down collar having its normally exposed .
portion easily replaceable while it is secured to
the ‘shirt in such a manner that it can be worn
I remains permanently attached to vthe shirtrtwo
or more of the turn down portions 3 are supplied
with the shirt and whenvon'eis worn it can here
moved and replaced with a spare one by the use
of this invention. A simple lacing process. is .all
that .;is required for such replacement, that is
there is no necessity .ofyhaving.recourse‘toima-y
and laundered without removal from the shirt.
chine or hand sewing.
Normally a turn-down collar is either attached
The upright portion 2 of the collar is made of
to the neckband of a shirt by two studs one in 10 two thicknesses 6, ‘I, of the shirting material with,
front and one at the back or it is permanently
if desired, the stiffening material 8 between them.
fastened by means of stitching to the neckband.
The edge 9 of the neck opening of the shirt is
The permanently fastened collar is more com
placed between the hemmed edges of 6 and ‘l and
fortable to wear; it can be worn without a tie
the parts stitched together. This permanently
as an open-neck shirt, it is also more convenient 15 fastens the upright portion 2 to the shirt.
because it is laundered with the shirt. Owing to
the fact that the greatest wear on a shirt‘ occurs
around the top of the collar the detachable collar
is popular and usually two collars are supplied
with each shirt. Each collar is usually made
from two thicknesses of the shirting material with
a stiifening insertion between the thicknesses.
The collar is made wide enough to be folded in
half and s0 becomes a “turn-down” collar.
The top I!) of the upright portion 2 is made
double. The inner portion, that is the part to
wards the inside of the shirt, and exposed to
view, has a plain unbroken surface. Turned
down and inside this top edge I0 is a lining I I
as shown and outside of that again is a ring or
flap I2 so that between II and I2 a channel I3 is
I I and I2 are perforated with lace holes
I4, I5 respectively and regularly spaced and
inside up-standing portion is attached to the 25 placed opposite one another.
neckband and the turn-down portion folds over
and covers the necktie except where it is tied in
front of the collar. In this invention the turn
down collar is made in two portions. The up
right inner portion and the turn-down outer por 30
tion including the top of the collar Where the
greatest wear occurs.
The channel I 3 is made‘ suitable in depth to
accommodate the inner folded down rim 5 of the
turned-down portion of the collar 3. This rim 5
is provided with lace holes I6 similarly placed in
relation to lace holes I4, [5 in II and I2.
The collar is suitably shaped particularly
where the ends I‘! meet. At one end I‘! (as
shown on the right hand in the drawing) is
attached the end I8 of a lace I9. This lace may
Fig. 1 shows the upper portion of a shirt with
the collar according to this invention in place 35 be made by folding and stitching a narrow strip
of the shirting material; otherwise it may be
but with one end upturned.
made of plastic or other semi-stiff and resilient
Fig. 2 shows the shirt with the outer portion of
material. . The end of the lace I9 opposite end
the collar removed.
Fig. 3 shows a portion of Fig. 1 but with the 40 I8 may be suitably stiffened to form a tag 20.
With the rim 5 of turned down portion 3 of the
parts partially disconnected.
collar inserted in channel I3 that is, with the
Fig. 4 shows a portion of a spare collar.
two portions 2 and 3 of collar I in proper position,
Fig. 5 is a sectional view taken approximately
the tag 20 is passed through the end holes I6
on the line 5-5 of Fig. 1.
The invention is illustrated in the accompany
ing drawing in which
in rim 5 and out through the corresponding hole
According to this invention, and as shown in 45 I5 in ?ap I2, then back again through the next
the drawing, the collar I consists of the upright
hole I5, through the corresponding hole It and
inner portion 2 and the turn-down outer portion
into the hole I4. The tag 20 is now passed along
3 with a fold at 4 providing an inner rim 5. This
beneath the lining II to be brought out through
inner downwardly projecting rim 5 is removably
the next hole I4 through It then I5. It is then
attached to the top of the upright portion 2. The 50 passed back through I5 and the corresponding
attachment is made in such a manner that the
next series of holes and so back and forth until
shirt and collar can be worn and laundered as
the lacing has passed right round the collar and
comfortably and easily as if the collar was perma
the tag 20 has emerged at end I‘! (on the left
nently attached to the shirt. At the same time,
of the drawing) through the end hole I5. A pair '
while the inner or upright portion 2 of the collar 55
of extra holes 2| may be made near this point of r
vided upper portions of the upstanding part of
exit and in the outside wall of the portion 2, as
shown, into which the end of the tag 20 may
be passed to be held conveniently out of the way.
the collar, lace holes in the folded edge of the
collar spaced to correspond with th holes in the
With the lacing made as described and com
pleted it is not visible with the shirt worn in
the normal manner. The shirt and collar can
means for removably securing the urned down
edge of the collar to the divided upp r portion of
be washed and laundered as one article and un
til, due to wear or otherwise, it is desired to re
outside portion of the upstandin
part, and
the upstanding part by a lace passed‘ through the
lace holes.
2. A shirt having a turndown collar, said col
place the turn-down or outer portion 3 no part.
of the lacing is disturbed. When a change has 10 lar made in two parts the inner or upstanding
part of the collar permanently attached to the
to be made the tag 20 is withdrawn from holes 2!
shirt and having its upper edge divided into out
and the parts are unlaced. ' The old portion 3
side and inside portions the outside portion hav
is removed and may be discarded and the new
ing regularly placed lace holes, a lining to the in
portion 3, Fig. 4, is laced in place. As the collar
at fold 4 is probably the only part of the shirt 15 side portion also provided with lace holes, the
turn-down part of the collar folded at its upper
?rst to wear out the replacement of old portion
edge, said inside turned down edge adapted to
3 by a new portion of collar I renovates the shirt
fit between the divided ‘upper portions of the
and makes it ?t for further service.
upstanding part of the collar, lace holes in the
What I claim as new and desire to secure by
folded edge of the collar spaced to correspond
Letters Patent is:
1. A shirt having a turndown collar, said collar
made in two parts the inner or upstanding part
of the collar permanently attached to the shirt
and having its upper edge divided into outside
and inside portions the outside portion having 25
regularly placed lace holes, the turn-down part
of the collar folded at its upper edge, said inside
turned down edge adapted to ?t between the di
with the two sets of holes in the inner lining and
in the outside portion of the upstanding part, and
means for removably securing the turned down
edge of the collar to the divided upper portion‘
of the upstanding part by a lace passed through
the lace holes.
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