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Aug». 13, 1946. H. A. ARMBRIGHT 2,405,808 * DEMONS TRATI ON LAYOUT PLANNER y Fiied April 17, 1944 ,Y 2 sheets-sheet 1 y Aug. 13, 1946. H, A_ ARMBRlGHT DEMoNsTRAQIoN ‘LAYOUT- PLANNER . Filed April 17,` 1944 ~ 2,405,808 ' ' 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 TÍWRNEY -I Patented Aug. 13, 1946 2,405,808 UNITED STATES PAT-ENT 2,405,808 DEMoNsrrnATIoN LAYOUT PLANNER oFFicE vHarry A. Armbright, Lansdowne,`Pa. y Application April 17, 1944, ¿Serial No.153-1A07 4 Claims. ` l (o1. s5--7¿) 2 My invention relates to a demonstrationlayout planner adapted for vuse in demonstrating and nished, and for cooperation with said platform and walls there isprovided a set .of tiles or blocks made to thesame scale as the measurements on facilitating the making .of layouts of equipment, articles 0f furniture and -the like, in a room of the rail members, each tile corresponding to a particular article of equipment, furniture or iiller piece and bearing an index marking for identifi cation, so that yby positioning these tiles on the platform against the 1rail members and by super imposing certain tiles uponone another, any de deñnite dimensions, soV that a lay person can readily visualize the precise arrangement and location that such articles will .occupy when in stalled .or _setin place in such room. More `spe cííìcally _it relates to a .modern kitchen .planner whereby a salesman can demonstrate to a pros pective punchaser of kitchen equipment units, justhow the kitchen .would look with :the various units installed in place. l0 sired vplan or arrangement of equipment may be arrived at. And »Where it is desired to make a diagram or sketch of the arrangement decided upon, it is merely 'necessary to place a sheet of paper çon >the platform beneath the rail members ¿and the tiles and use the _rail members and indi vidual tiles `as templets for drawing on the paper v.the :room outline and the arrangement of the , The vmodernization of kitchens and other rooms, for example, ,playrooms in a home with standard equipment and .articles of >furniture is .at the present time _proceeding atan accelerated rate. Kitchen .equipment .and .articles of furni .separate pieces of equipment disposed therein. The invention will -be better understood froma consideration of the detailed description which follows, when considered in connection With the accompanying drawings, wherein: ture for such purposes are now being .manufac .tured in units of .various sizes and packaged for direct shipment to the purchaser who, independ .e .tly of, .or with .the aid of a salesman, .chooses .and orders the desired equipment which, upon be ing received, must be installed .or Lset in place. Of course, to arrive at a fair ideaof how the vari ous >articles .will fit into a .particular room, the .purchaser or salesman, .after measuringtthe room and deciding what articles vare to be .placed there Figure .,1 is a top plan view of a demonstration layout plannerv kembodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a section taken substantially along the plane of the line 2-.2 -of Fig. 1. Fig. ,3. is a Yperspective view of `the crossed ends of onepair of rail _members .showing their inter `in,.rnust make numerous calculations to Iascertain digitated relationship, Vjust hcw said articles will best vfìtintolthe avail-> 30 Fig, 4 is a perspective .View of aplurality of the able space. .It is apparent that vsuch procedure tile members forming part Aof my invention. is not only .time-consuming, but it also -fails to Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a window strip present .to the purchasereither aclear `picture of usable with my invention. the proposed arrangement or insure that said ar rangement and disposition of the articles, when installed, willbe the best .possible Moreover, er rors are liable .tobernade in thecalculations and `should they occur, will give rise :to considerable annoyance and its attendant expense .and loss of time in exchanging the-articles. My present invention hasbeen dsigned to over come all of the aforementioned objections in .that it eliminates all calculations, >provides for free dom of re-arrangement Vof the articles until the Referring to the drawings, the reference char 3l acter I El represents a hat., substantially rectangu_ lar platform of Yany suitable material such as l wood, plastic, Iindurated fibre or the like, lhaving formed therein, preferably .adjacent the .corners thereof, slots II disposed parallel to the sides of the platform and adapted >to receive therethrough bolts I2 whichserveto hold railrnembers i3, each consisting of 7.a plurality of superposed `elements I4, in >assembled relation. To hold „the `>elements I4 in properly spaced relation, there are pro preferred larrangement is decided upon, and en- l s. O1 vided washers or spacing members I5 of a thick ables the salesman or the demonstrator toq‘uickly prepare a scale drawing of the approved arrange ment, thereby enabling the purchaser, upon re_ ceiving the individually packaged articles, to have ness .substantially Vequal to .or slightly Ygreater than the .elements M. There are .two Vpairs of rail members I3 lmounted to forma rectangle, With the elements of each rail member inter them installed according to the scale drawing. 50 digitated with the elements of another rail mem More specifically, my invention consists of a plat form having two pairs of relatively movable'par allel Vrail members having scaled .measurements thereon, adapted to be adjusted tocorrespond to thegfour 'Walls :.of .the room Ato She equipped .or ¿fur ber whereby the rail members are adapted .to be ' movable relatively to one another at right angles to each .other to >provide substantially rectangu .lar areas .of A.varying .dimensions .on .the platform, .55 @it 'being 'understood that the relative :movements 2,405,8os are controlled by the movements of the bolts I2 in the slots II. The platform In is preferably in the room may be represented and definitely located on my device, and in Fig. 5 I have shown an adjustable member 25 consisting of a pair of mounted upon a rectangular frame I6 by any suitable securing means, such as wood screws I1, the frame having grooves I8 therein in under lying relation to the slots II in the platform, the Width of said grooves I8 being such as to accommodate nuts I9 adapted to engage on the bolts I2¿-in a manner tobe slidable,rv but non telescopic elements 25a and 251) dimensioned to be inserted between two superposed elements I4 of a rail member i3 as shown in Fig. 1, to deñ nitely locate such window in the room layout being planned. Of course, similar members may be employed to locate other windows or doors in rotatable, in the grooves I8. The topmost ele ment I4 of each of the rail members I3 is pref erably formed of transparent plastic material and each rail member has scale measurements Z’IlH thereon visible through the topmost-»element I4, whereby the r-ail members may be adjusted rela tively to each other to correspond to the’longi 4 If desired, the location of doors and windows the room. In the use of my demonstration layout planner iet it be assumed that it is desired to modernize a kitchen measuring approximately 11’ 4" by l5 10T 6" and that it is desired to use and retain tudinal dimensions of the four walls of >a roomV » which the rail members in adjusted position are intended to represent. For holding the rail mem bers in such adjusted position While at the same time to permit of their movement across the plat form, the bolts I2 by which the rail members Vare held onto the platform, are provided with springètensioning means such as coil-springs 2l mounted between the holdingV nut I9 and the rear the Vstove 26 and the refrigerator 2'I now con tained inthe kitchen, either in the locations that they now occupy or in a preferred rearrangement thereof. The salesman or demonstrator will ñrst set his rails on the platform so that they will correspond to a room having the desired dimen sions. He will then take tiles corresponding in size to the basic elements of equipment such as the stove, the sink and the refrigerator, and dis pose them along the rail members at the positions where it is desired that they be located. Then, through the use of B-indexed tiles representing lbase cabinets, the remaining space along one or of the rail members, ñller Washers I3a are pro more Walls may be nlled in to locate the positions vided. For convenience, washers 22 are disposed at the opposite ends of the springs 2l to providev 30 of such cabinets and then W-indexed tiles may be superposed upon these base tiles to represent proper bearing surfaces therefor. In view of the the location of wall cabinets to be located in the construction and arrangement of the rail mem kitchen. In this connection it will be apparent bers on the platform as hereinabove described, that, inasmuch as the wall cabinets are of less it will be apparent that the rail members are depth than the base cabinets, by placing the cor first assembled on the platform and the latter is , responding wall cabinet tiles in superposed rela- ` then mounted on the frame I6 with the nut-en tion tothe base cabinet tiles, the relationship of gaging ends of the bolts slidably disposed in the the base and wall cabinets will stand out quite grooves I8. After assembly, the device may be prominently. With respect to taking care of a mounted in a suitable finishing frame indicated corner of the room whereat it isnot convenient by the reference numeral 24. or desirable to place a base cabinet, a filler piece For cooperative engagement with the rail mem such as tile 241) may be inserted thereat, and, bers, there are provided a plurality of tiles or face 'of the platform. l‘I‘o compensate for the overlapping relation of the bottommost elements blocks collectively represented` by the reference character‘ZlIr, each of said tiles being preferably of rectangular form and made to the same scale as the measurements on the rail members, and each tile corresponding to a particular article 0f equipment, furniture, or filler piece, which is to be disposed within a room, the layout of which is to be planned. Each tile also carries an index , 24a thereon for identifying the particular articie of equipment or furniture which it represents. For example, the base cabinet tiles may have an index including the letter B, a Wallcabinet may have an index including the letter W and tiles representing a refrigerator, a stove or a sink may have arbitrary indexes. Certain of the tiles, how ever, do not represent articles of >equipment or furniture but are used as ñller pieces for dis position‘in the layout to take care of corners or other locations in the room where standard ar ticles' of equipment are not available, for exam ple, tile designated 24h represents a corner filler piece. The tiles 24 areof various sizes, corre sponding to the dimensions of standard articles of equipment which are availablefor installa tion and said tiles are preferably made of greater thickness than the individual elements I4 con stituting a rail member I3, but of less thickness than the total thickness of the-rail members, so thatat least' two tiles, for- example, W-I83 and B-ISSS in Fig, 1, may be'superimposed on one another when placed in`abutting relation toV a rail member, Without danger of -passing under or between the spaced elements of the rail'member. if desired, a corner wall cabinet such as 24e may 'be superimposed upon the tile 26h representing the filler piece. Inasmuch as kitchen equipment is now manufactured and packaged in standard sizes -for direct shipment to the purchaser, it will be appreciated that by locating the deñnite posi tions that various articles of equipment will oc cupy in 'a given room by the use of my invention, a prospective `purchaser will obtain a deñnite idea and visual picture of the iinal arrangement of ' such equipment in the kitchen. It will also be apparent that by the use of my demonstration layout planner, the tiles may be rearranged to represent various layouts until a preferred one is decided upon. When such preferred layout is chosen a permanent record thereof may be readily obtained by placing a sheet of paper on the platform and extending under the rail mem bers and then using the rail members and the individual tiles as templets, a diagram of the room and the various articles of equipment to be disposed therein can be readily drawn in out line and suitably notated to provide a ready ref i ‘erence for both the purchaser and the installer, when the packaged equipment is delivered. For convenience, my demonstration layout planner may be mounted and carried in a suitable »container (not shown) which may have com partments for the tiles to facilitate their use. It'will be apparent that my present invention, althoughv primarily designed for planning and demonstrating the layout in modernizing kitch ens, is equally applicable in demonstrating the 5 2,405,808 layout of other rooms of a home, such as a play room which may employ standard equipment, and for demonstrating and planning the layout of showrooms, stockrooms and the like. Accord ingly, it is to be understood that my invention is not limited to the precise structure and ar rangement of parts hereinbefore described, but mental member of the other pair, at least one complemental pair of said rail members having its members relatively movable and adjustable to each other while maintaining the >substantially »right-angular relationship therebetween and having scaled measurements thereon whereby a substantially rectangular space provided by the may be varied within the range of mechanical adjustment of said movable rail members on said skill without departing from the spirit of my platform may be made to correspond to the meas invention, as deñned in the accompanying claims. 10 urements of a given room, cooperating parts on What I claim is: the platform and one the movable rail members 1. A device of the character described compris for guiding said rail members in their movements, ing a platform, two complemental pairs of rail each of the rail members of the pair of movable members on said platform, each pair having its rail members consisting of a plurality of spaced individual members disposed substantially at a 15 superposed elements with the superposed ele right-angle to one another and to a comple ments of one rail member being interdigitated mental member of the other pair, at least one with the elements of the other rail member, and complemental Ipair of said rail members having a plurality of rectangular tiles, dimensioned to its members relatively movable and adjustable , the same scale as the rail members and adapted to each other while maintaining the substantially 20 to represent articles of equipment, removably right-angular relationship therebetween and positionable on said platform in engagement with a rail member, said tiles being of less thickness substantially rectangular space provided by the than the total thickness of a rail member whereby adjustment of said movable rail members on said at least two tiles may be superimposed on one platform maybe made to correspond to the meas 25 another in engagement with at least one rail urements of a given room, cooperating parts on member without passing under or between the the platform and on the movable rail members interdigitated elements of the rail members to for guiding said rail members in their -move represent the relationship of articles of equip ments, each of the rail members of the pair of ment to be demonstrated by the device. movable rail members consisting of a plurality 3. A device according to claim 2, wherein both of spaced superposed elements with the super complemental pairs of rail members are movable posed elements of one rail member being inter relatively to each other and each rail member digitated with the elements of the other rail consists of a plurality of spaced superposed ele member, and a plurality of rectangular tiles, ments which are interdigítated with the elements dimensioned to the same scale as the rail mem 35 of the adjacent rail members. bers and adapted to represent articles of equip 4. A device according to claim 2, wherein a ment, removably positionable on said platform longitudinally adjustable member consisting of in engagement with at least one rail member a pair of telescoping elements and representing and with one another. an opening is adapted to be mounted and fric 2. A device of the character described compris 40 tionally held on a rail member to locate the posi ing a platform, two complemental pairs of rail tion and width of such opening in the repre members on said platform, each pair having its sentation of the given room. ‘ individual members disposed substantially at a having scaled measurements thereon whereby a right-angle to one another and to a comple HARRY A.` ARMBRIGHT.