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Патент USA US2405816

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Patented Aug. 13, 1946
2,405,816
UNITEDTSTATES PATENT OFFICE
2,405,816
O:O’-DIHYDROXY AZO DYE'STUFFS AND A
PROCESS FOR THEIR MANUFACTURE
Achille Conzetti, Basel, Switzerland, assignor to .
J. R. Geigy A. G., Basel, Switzerland, a Swiss
company
.
No Drawing. Application September 21, 1942, I
Serial No. 459,172. In Switzerland November
4, 1941
4 Claims. (01. 260-163)
1
It has been found that dyestu?s of very good
dyeing properties are obtained by coupling diazo
tised 6-nitro-2-amino-4-alkylpheno1s, the alkyl
group of which contains at least 3 C-atoms, with
azo components containing'at least one water
solubilizing group and having an OH-group in
the 2-position to the coupling place. With regard
to known dyestu?s possessing, instead of the
above mentioned alkyl groups, alkyl groups with
less than 3 C-atoms the new dyestuffs are im
proved with respect to the fastness properties.
They are distinguished in the most cases espe
2
shows a better drawing power according to the
one-bath chroming process.
If, instead of the above. azo component, there
are used 1,-(3’-sulfo)- or 1-(2'-sulfo)-phenyl-3
methyl-5-pyrazolone and their methyl or halogen
substitution products, dy'estu?s of similar prop
erties are obtained.
Example 2
22.4 parts of 6-nitro-2-amino-4-amylphenol
are diazotised as indicated in Example 1. The
diazo suspension is caused to flow into a solution
of 22.5 parts of Z-hydroxy-naphthalene-4-sul
they possess improved wetting properties and are
ionic, acid, made weakly alkaline to litmus, to
by far more suitable for the one-bath chroming 15 which solution there has still been added 15 parts
process. According to the azo component used
of calcinated sodium carbonate and 20 parts of
they dye wool, when after-chromed, with purer
technical pyridine. On the following day, the
shades than the known comparable products.
mixture is salted out by means of 60 parts of
The production of the claimed alkyl phenols
sodium chloride, ?ltered and dried.
is carried out vaccording to known methods by 20 The new dyestu? dyes, when after-chromed,
nuclear alkylation of a phenol with the corre
with reddish blue shades. Also in this case some
sponding alcohol or by conversion of an acylated
properties are improved when compared with the
phenol into a C-acyl phenol and reduction of the
dyestu? from the 4-methyl derivative, but espe
latter.
cially to a great extent the drawing power ac
While the diazotisation takes place in the nor 25 cording to the one-bath chroming process is
mal manner it is advantageous, but not absolutely
highly improved.
'
cially by an improved light-fastness. Moreover,
necessary, to add an auxiliary agent, such as for
example pyridine, during the coupling.
The present invention is illustrated, but not
limited by the following examples, the parts being
by weight, unless otherwise stated.
Example 1
22.4 parts of 6-nitro-2-amino-4-amylphenol of
. 100% strength are introduced in form of the 1‘
chlorhydrate into 160 parts of water and, after
addition of 14 parts by volume of concentrated
hydrochloric acid, diazotised at 0°-5° C. by means
of 6.9 parts of nitrite.
The yellow diazo suspension is allowed to run
at 0° C. into a solution of 29.06 parts of 1-(4'
sulfo) -pheny1 - 3 - methyl - 5 — pyrazolone in 150
Example 3
22,4 parts of 6enitro=2~amino-4-amy1phenol
are diazotised as stated in Example 1. The diazo
suspension is caused to ?ow into an ice-cold solu
tion of 31.2 parts of 2-carbomethoxy-amino-6
hydroxy-naphthalene-8-sulfonic acid which has
been dissolved in 200 parts'of water, made alka
line to litmus by means of sodium carbonate and
then treated with 20 parts of calcinated sodium
carbonate.
On the next morning, the dyestu?‘ is ?ltered.
It dyes, when after-chromed on wool, with grey
shades of a high light-fastness. According to
the one-bath chroming process the new dyestuff
draws much better than the dyestuff from
parts of water and 20 parts of calcinated sodium
6-nitro-2-amino-4-methyl phenol; the dyeings
carbonate. On the next morning, the Whole
mixture is ?ltered. The after-chromed wool dye 45 thus obtained are faster to potting.
ing, a clear yellowish red, shows better fastness
Example 4
properties to light and potting and purer shades
than the dyeings obtained with the dyestu? from
21 parts of 6-nitro-4-butyl-2-aminophenol are
6-nitro-2-amino-4-methylphenol and the same
dissolved in 200 parts of alcohol, then 30 parts
azo component. Moreover, the new dyestu? 50 of concentrated hydrochloric acid are added
1
7
2,405,816
3
4
thereto and the whole is diazotised at 0° C. with
azotised 6-nitro-2-amino-4-amplypheno1 with a
pyrazolone sulfonic acid.
2. Process for the manufacture of o:0'-dihy
droxy azo dyestuffs which comprises coupling di
azotised 6-nitro-2-amin0-4-amy1phen0l with l
(4’-sulfo) -phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone,
3. Dyestuffs of the formula
a solution of 6.9 parts of sodium nitrite in 10
‘parts of water. The diazo solution is then caused
to flow into a solution of 25.4 parts of p-sulfo
phenyl methyl pyrazolone in 300 parts of water
and 22 parts of sodium carbonate as acid binding
agent. The dyestu? precipitates out in a crys
talline form. After completion of the coupling
it is ?ltered off and dried.
1O
Example 5
NO:
‘26.6 parts of 6-nitro-4-diisobutyl-2-aminophe_
nol are dissolved in 400 parts of alcohol, then
treated with 30 parts of concentrated hydro
chloric acid and diazotised at 0f’ C. with asolution
of 6.9 parts of sodium nitrite in 10 parts of water.
The diazo solution is caused to ?ow into an am
moniacal solution of 22.4 parts of 2-.naphthol-4
sulfonic acid in 200 parts of water, to which solu
SQaH
tion 10 parts of pyridine has been added. When
the coupling is completed, the alcohol is evapo»
possessing valuable properties, being very suit
rated, the dyestu? salted out with sodium chlo- '
ride, ?ltered o? and dried.
. .7
Example 6
r
r
. a ,_
able for the one-bath chroming process and show
ing; when after chromed, excellent fastness prop
-
erties to light.
V
19.6 parts of 6-nitro-4.-isopropyl-2-aminophe
"
4. The dyestu? of the formula
25
no-l are dissolved in 200 parts of alcohol; then 30
parts of concentrated hydrochloric acid are’ added
thereto and the solution ‘is diazotised with a solu
tion of 6.9 parts of sodium nitrite in 10 parts of
water; A neutral solution of 32parts of chromo 30
tropic acid in 1000 parts of waterv is‘then caused
N0:
HnCt
—OH
to ?ow into this solution. As acid binding agent
lime milk is added.‘ After completion of the cou-.
pling the whole is heated up ‘to 80f’ C, and the
excess slaked lime is ?ltered oil. The d'yestu? is
as
now salted out by‘ means of sodium chloride, ?lt
ered o? and dried
’
1
_
v
In the following table still some further dye
803E
stu?s are enumerated which are obtainedwith
40
a diazotised 6-nitro-2-amino-alkylphenol.1
dyeing wool according to the one-bath chroming
,
Color of the
Diazo component
Azo component
"
6-nitro-2-amino-4‘amylphenol ____ ._
_Do .... ___ _____________________ __
->6-n1tro-2-am1no-4-amylphenoL.
Do __________ _; ............. _;-.
_Do.____; ___________________ ._
?-nrtro-Z-amrnM-hutylphenol ____ __
'
-
5
.
'
After-chromed dyeing
lz8idihydroxynaphthalene3z?-disulfonic acid __________ __
Violet-blu
Blue.
l-(3'-carboxyphenyl)-5-pyrazolone-3-carboxylic acid
l-hydroxynaphthalene-‘l-sulfonic acid ____________ __
Brown__
Dull viol
Clear yellowish red.
Pure reddish violet.
l-phenylamino-8-hydroxynaphthalene-ll-sulionic acid____
1-benzoylamHi08-hydrqxynaphthalene-4sr?fonic acid- _.
Dull violet-grey. ._
Red-violet ........ __
Pure bluish green.
Bluish-grey.
z-naphthol-‘i-suliomc acid___
Violet
Grey‘blue.
Orange
__ Red,
process with very pure red shadesof very good
f,
1_. Process for the manufacture of o:o’-dihy..
_
__
6~mtro-2~ammo-4-rsooctylphenol-___ p-suliophenylmetliylpyramlons
WhatIclaimis:
Acid dyeing
[fastness to light and potting.
droxy azo dyestuffs which comprises coupling di- 55 >
ACHILLE CONZETTI.
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