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Патент USA US2405857

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> Aug. 33, 1946.
H. 1.. SlEVER
2,405,857
APPARATUS FOR APPLYING lIIREA'I‘ING LIQUIDS TO FIBERS
Filed June-26, 1944
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5 Sheets-Sheet l
14/07/565 L S/él/er. /
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Aug. 13, 1946.-
H. I... SIEVER
2,405,857.
APPARATUS FOR APPLYING TREATING LIQUIDS T0 FIBERS
_
Filefd June 26, 1944
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5 Sheets-Sheet 2
E, 1946.
H. L. SHEVER
2,45,?
APPARATUS FOR APPLYING TREATING LIQUIDS TO FIBERS
Filed June 26, 1944
hm.
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
Patented Aug. 13, 1946
2,405,857 v
‘UNITED ‘STATES- PATENT OFFICE
APPARATUS FOR APPLYING TREATING
" LIQUIDS TO FIBERS
Hughes L. Siever, Keyser, W. Va., assignor to
Home Scrymser Company, a corporation of New
Jersey
Application June 26, 1944, Serial No. 542,197
4 Claims.
1
(01. 68-—205)
This invention relates to a method and means
for applying a conditioning liquid such as lubri
cants, dyes, tints, hydroscopic agents, and the like
to textile stocks and particularly the application
of oil or dyestuff or any conditioning agent to raw
textile stocks or textile blends in the course of
manufacture in the normal sequence of operations
incident to the ?nished product.
According to my invention, the stock is treated
while in lap or mass form and is subjected to the 10
2
bat form at Various points in its course to and
through the picking and opening machinery. ‘
Mounted on the upper frame members l4 and
i5 of the picker are standards [6 and I1 having
bearings l8 and it there-on in which is mounted
for oscillation a pipe 20. This pipe 20 has suit
able ?ns 2! on each side thereof which are
adapted to work in suitable grooves in bearing 18,
for example to prevent turning movement of the
pipe. The pipe 20 has rising from the top sur
conditioning liquid by having the liquid deposited
face thereof a plurality of inverted U-shaped noz
on the moving ?bers in the form of ?ne droplets
zle members 25 which project upwardly, then lat_
erally, and then downwardly, and have a re
by means which are oscillated and vibration ini
stricted nozzle portion 25. In Figure 1, these pipes
parted thereto so as to divide the drops into small
globules, and depositing the same onto the travel 15 25 are shown as one piece, and in this form would
ling mass of ?bers as it advances.
be welded or brazed to the main pipe 26}; whereas
I accomplish the application of the liquid to the
in Figure 3, for example, instead of having the in
moving textile ?bers by conducting the liquid to
verted U-shapedpipes 25, there is provided a
a reservoir pipe disposed transversely of the trav
vertically disposed reservoir pipe 30 having its
elling mass of ?bers and feed the conditioning 20 lower end threadably secured in the pipe 20, and
liquid through a plurality of nozzles extending
having its upper end closed by a cap 3| and hav
from said reservoir or openings in the top portion
ing threadably secured in one of its side walls an
of the reservoir and impart oscillation and vibra
L-shaped pipe 32 whose lower end is restricted as
tion to said reservoir pipe so as to shake the drops
at 2B for allowing the oil, dye, or other condition
from the nozzles or projections and to break them 25 ing fluid to drip therefrom in the form of drop
up into many ?ne droplets to cast them onto the
lets.
?bers travelling thereby.
The ends of the pipe 2|] are closed by suitable
Some of the objects of the invention having
cap members 35 and 36 and between the bearing
l9 and cap 36 is a compression spring 3'! which
been stated, other objects will appear as the de
scription proceeds when taken in connection with 30 normally tends to move the pipe to the right in
the accompanying. drawings, in which:
Figure 2 to where the cap 35 will rest against
Figure l is a side elevation of a portion of a
bearing l8. This pipe 20 is adapted to be oscil-’
picker showing my invention mounted thereon;
lated by means of an electric motor ‘it being
Figure 2 is a transverse sectional View taken
mounted on the frame and adapted to be driven
along the line 2-2 in Figure 1;
35 by any suitable source of electric current through
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional View taken along
Wires 4| and 42. This electric motor has a motor
the line 3—3 in Figure 2;
shaft 43 which enters a gear reduction box 44
Figure 4 is a top plan view taken along the line
and from gear reduction box 44 a shaft 45 is
‘4-4 in Figure 2;
provided which has a cam 46' on its upper end
Figure 5 is a vertical sectional View along the 40 adapted to engage the cap 36 and to impart oscil
line 5-5 in Figure 2;
Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 2, but show
ing another form of the reservoir pipe;
lation to the pipe 20 by pushing the pipe all the
way to the left in Figure 2 until the high point
50 of the cam 46 is reached, at which time, the
compression spring 31 will quickly move the pipe
Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along
45 20 to the right in Figure 2 until its cap 35 engages
the line l—l in Figure 5;
bearing l8 which will suddenly stop the pipe 20
Figure 8 is a longitudinal sectional view of the
and cause any drops emanating from the re
reservoir pipe;
stricted portions 25 to be broken up into ?ne drop
Figure 9 is an elevation of a short section ofa
lets and cast upon the travelling. lap of cotton l0.
modified form of the reservoir pipe;
These vibrations can be as many per minute as
Figure 10 is a longitudinal section through the
desired in order to properly break up the drops
form of reservoir pipe shown in Figure 9.
of conditioning liquid or dye into droplets.
In the conventional picker 9, illustrated in the
Leading from and connected to pipe 20 is’ a
drawings, the stock I0 is supported on a conveyor
?exible tube 5! which is connected to a ?ow con
II and by it is continuously advanced towards a
beater chamber l2 in which a conventional beater, 55 trol and manually operated valve 52, and the
other side of the valve 52 is connected to a sole-7
not shown, is disposed for engaging the stock and
noid or other shut-off valve 53 whose wires 54
beating the same.
and 55 are connected to the same electric cur
It will be understood that the term “lap” is used
rent as electric motor 40 or to an independent
herein, not in its limited sense to denote only the
?nished lap, but to include also the sheet, mass or 60 source as drives the textile machinery.
3
2,405,857
The oscillating motion may be obtained by in
4
have circumferential grooves 60 and openings 6|
as previously described.
In the drawings and speci?cation, there has
dependent motor or a mechanism synchronized
with the textile machine movements so that the
?ow can be started and stopped by valve 53 when
been set forth a preferred embodiment of the
the machine starts or stops.
5 invention and although speci?c terms are em
Leading from valve 53 is a pipe 56 which is
ployed, they are used in a generic and descriptive
connected to an elevated tank 51, which serves
sense only, and not for purposes of limitation,
as a source of supply or, if desired, pipe 56 may
the scope of the invention being de?ned in the
be supplied by a force feed as for instance a
claims.
pump leading to a suitable source of supply.
10
I claim:
The flow control valve '52 can be adjusted to
1. Apparatus for applying a treating liquid to
allow the desired amount of liquid to ?ow into
a horizontally moving lap or mass of ?bers which
reservoir pipe 20. The reservoir pipe 20 is full
comprises a pipe disposed in spaced relation
at all times and rises into pipes 25 and to nozzles,
above the moving mass, the longitudinal axis of
then drops down the vertical portion of the pipes 15 the pipe being at right angles to the path
25 and out through openings 26. On account of
travelled by the ?bers, said pipe having a plu
this feature, when the valve 53, is closed, or the
rality of outlets and means for supplying the
?ow control valve 52 should be closed, since there
treating liquid to these apertures with su?icient
is no appreciable amount of liquid present in the
head for it to flow out of the open ends of said
pipe 5!, it is thus seen that the ?ow of liquid 20 apertures, and means for imparting blows to the
through the nozzles 26 will stop almost imme
pipe intermittently to shake the drops of liquid
diately upon stoppage of the textile machine,
from the apertures onto the moving lap.
and thus no great amount of liquid will be de
2. Apparatus for applying a treating liquid to
posited onto the mass of ?bers I0.
textile stocks traveling in a substantially hori
If desired, any liquid can be applied with satis 25 zontal direction through a machine, comprising
factory results by operating the pipe 20 while
in combination with textile machines, a pipe dis
stationary, that is, allowing it to stand in normal
posed above and transversely of the direction of
position, but I believe that better results are ob
movement of the stock and being movable later
tained by vibrating the apparatus and giving
ally of the direction of travel of the stock and
frequent jars thereto to detach the drops of liquid
having a plurality of nozzles disposed above and
from the nozzles thus breaking them into ?ner
spaced from the stock for dropping the liquid
droplets than if the liquid is allowed to drop onto
onto the stock, means for regulating the ?ow of
the lap of moving ?bers l0 without vibrations
the liquid into the pipe, an electrically con
for the reason that the drops of conditioning
trolled valve for stopping flow of liquid to the
liquid are evenly distributed through the mass 35 reservoir and means for imparting blows to the
by mechanical contact after it passes through
pipe to jar the liquid from the nozzles.
the mechanic-a1 beating chamber [2, because there
3. Apparatus for applying a treating liquid to
the fibers are disintegrated and formed into a
new combination and those ?bers which have a
textile stock traveling in a substantially hori
zontal direction through a textile machine com
greater amount of ?uid thereon impart the liquid 40 prising in combination substantially horizontally
to other ?bers with a lesser amount thereon,
disposed means for supporting and moving a ?at
and thus the ?uids are evenly distributed as it is
lap of stock, a reservoir pipe disposed above and
beaten immediately after being deposited onto
transversely of the direction of movement of the
the moving web l0.
stock and having a plurality of nozzles disposed
In Figures 6-10 inclusive, there is shown a
in spaced relation from the stock for dropping
modi?ed form of the reservoir pipe designated
the liquid onto the stock, means for regulating
as 29a. In Figure 6, much of the structure is
the flow of the liquid into the pipe, an electrically
similar to the structure shown in Figure 2, and
controlled valve for stopping ?ow of the liquid
into the pipe, and means for imparting blows
like reference characters will apply. However,
in this modi?ed form of the invention instead
to the reservoir pipe to jar the liquid from the
of having the upwardly, laterally, and down
nozzles and to break it into ?ne particles for
wardly extending nozzle pipes 25, I have shown
depositing onto the stock.
the reservoir pipe 20a with a plurality of cir
4. In a textile machine having substantially
cumierential grooves 60 and coinciding with the
horizontally disposed means for moving a mass
top portion of each of these grooves 69 and at the 55 of ?bers therethrough, a pipe disposed trans
uppermost part of the reservoir pipe 20a, there
versely above the mass of ?bers and having a
is a perforation or hole 6! and in the bottom
plurality of openings therein in spaced relation
of the reservoir pipe 20a, there is secured a solid
to the mass of ?bers, means for supplying a
plug 62 which is pointed at its lower end so that
liquid to said pipe so the liquid will ?ow through
the treating liquid will ?ow out of the openings 60 said openings and drop by gravity onto the mov
6| and be directed downwardly by the circum
ing mass of ?bers, means for mounting the pipe
ierential grooves 60 onto the plugs or teats 62
for endwise movement, spring means for urging
which being pointed, at their lower ends causes
the pipe endwise in one direction, means for
the drops to collect on the points and to be more
limiting said endwise movement against the pres
easily shaken therefrom. While these plugs 62
sure of said spring means and releasing the pipe
are shown threadably mounted in the pipe 20a,
to allow the spring means to return the pipe to
and having a squared portion 63, to be engaged
original position to suddenly stop endwise move
by a wrench, it is evident that they could be
ment of the pipe to thus jar drops of liquid loose
from the openings.
welded onto the pipe 20a or cast integral there
with as evidenced by the teats 64 as shown in 70
HUGHES L. SIEVER.
Figures 9 and 10.
Such pipe 29a would also I
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