Патент USA US2405899код для вставки
Aug. 13, 1946. ’ l J, GTT. ì l LoUvER OPERATING MEANS original'Filed Aug. 2e, 1941 '1754 16 zo 2’ 2,405,899 ' Patented Aug. 13, 1946 ¿niet UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE j t a405î§99 l ` LoUvER QPERATINGVMEANS , Joseph Ütti, Oklahoma City, Okla. original application Aug'?‘st 26,1941, serial No. li08,312. Divided and this application Novem ber 16, 1942, Serial No. 465,664 `5 claims. (C1. 268-96) My'invention is directed to novel means and to a novel device for manually operating, adjust ing and moving louvers of awnings or Window shades having movable parts which are adapted 2 , "il-of metal, and Whichvhas Vits inner longitudinal edge bent at right angles and outwardly to form a mounting flange II. Numeral i2 designates the louvers, only'a fragment of one of Which’is f_»shown, and each of Vwhich louvers have their op-v posite ends bent at right angles to form end wings to regulate light, air, sunlight, wind, dust, etc. It is an important object of my invention to provide means for manually adjusting the same to any one of a plurality of desired positions and or mounting flanges. A fragment only »of one of said -louvers is shown in Fig. 1. - ' whichV embodies features which overcome the objectionable features of rattling, insecure means of mounting and present inadaptability "for spaced positions by rivets or the like y(not shown), - mounting upon either removable screensy or upon which pass through suitable-apertures-of the re- ~ The louvers are pivotally mounted at suitably spective end wings and` into apertures (not shown) in mounting ñangres II of the side mem bers I 0. The respective louvers of the awning are stationary window frames. A further object of my invention is the provi sion of a novel manually controllable means and 15. A,connected together to operate and move invunison \ mechanism adapted to be mounted either in a by a suitable- metal link I3 shown in cross sec side member of a removable screen frame or in tion in Fig. 1 which has rivets or pins (not shown), passing therethrough and through suit- , able apertures in those end wings of .the louvers 20 .' at one side of the awning frame. The louvers are thereby operatively connected `together to l a side/member of a stationary window frame in combination with a louver connecting link con necting said operating mechanism and the con necting member which moves the respective lou-l vers to desired position. Y move in parallelism and unison. A further object of my invention is the pro vision of novel means for transmitting manually ~ One of the wings of one louver carries a stud pin or pintle I4 .which extends horizontally a actuated movement from one side, usually the inside, of the window to the pivotally mounted 25 short distance.V Such pin or pintle may,fif- de sired, extend vthrough the length >of one of. the louvers of an adjustable awning of the described class. louvers and beyond both end wings thereof to therebyr provide pivoting means for such louver Other and further important- objects of my in and to thereby move both sides or` louver -ends vention Will be apparent from the following de 30 scription and appended claims. in . This application is a division of my presently n Y window opening. - Fig. 1 is a cross sectional view taken on a hori Y Y > 1 arily mounted on the window frame, on .the screen frame or in any suitable manner upon the'- pending application Serial No. 408,312, filed Au gust 25, 1941. On the drawing: unison. The awning may be permanently or stationf - 35 A , « Numeral I5 designates a metal shaft of any zontal plane showing my device in one typical ‘ ‘desired length to meet the requirement of the . installation-in a stationary window frame, and showing only a fragment of the awning. particular installation. For example, said shaft Fig. 2 is an elevation of the inside portions of my adjustable operating device, with the cover or shield removed from over the handle. Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view taken on a ver tical plane of my device, as installed directly in a side member of a window frame which is either permanently or removably mounted on the house wall frame. . > Fig. 5 is a cross sectional and partially frag mentary view with parts broken away taken on line 5_5 of Fig. 4. separate frame such as. illustrated in> Fig. 3, and » . unit is installed in the stationary window frame of av building, said 40... ' >vv1n instances where said shaft is substantially longer to extend ~ fromV within the inside surface to points a short dis 45.;tance outside the frame. \ A hand lever I6 is pivotally connected at one Fig. 4 is an enlarged view illustrating one form of lever and arm elements through which the movement is transmitted to the louvers. I5 may be relatively shortwhere the unit is in- . stalled in a side frame member of -a screen or . Reference numeral IllA designates one side member of a rectangular frame preferably made end to the inner end of said shaft I5 by means of a suitable pin I'I which passes through the inner end of shaft IS. In Figs. 1 and 2, I .illus _trate said lever I6 as having an integral yoke IIIìa. whose arms have aligned passages "and through which passages the transverse pin I‘Il passes to pivot said hand lever I6 upon a short transversely passaged extension, arm or mount si .ing block I 9. Where said ¿optional mounting> . l 2,405,899 3 4 the pivot element 3G, both in installation and block I9 is utilized, it may be secured in any suit able manner upon the end of the shaft l5, i. e. by welding, or formed from a bent portion of the assemblage as Well as in-instances where the awning is hinged along either vertical side edge to the window frame. It will be apparent that À by making the connection between the slot 4D shaft l'â'itself. , The free end of hand lever I5 may carry an and pivot element «34 removable, the awning may be hinged along either sideV edge to the window optional knob or handle 20 which may be secured to said lever I6 by a suitable pin or screw as frame' and swung outwardly in' an v_arcuate path like a shutter for convenient access in cleaning, A metal washer-like disk or plate 2l' having Ya' painting, and the like. plurality of spaced screw apertures and a plu 10. As shown in Fig. 4 a connecting arm or con rality of spaced peripheral serrations or recesses necting link 35 has its upper end operatively l22 forming teeth is preferably secured by screws connected to the 'pivot element 34 which element 23 to the inner frame member upon which the 34vis secured in the outer end of crank lever 33. unit is mounted. Said plate 2l has a central rIl‘he upper end of link or arm 35 has a trans 15. aperture through which the shaft` I5 passes. A versely: extending slot 44) therein in which pivot cup-like metal cap housing or cover 24, which` element 3# slides and moves. Said connecting has a portion of its annular wall cut away to form` arm 35` has its lower portion bent or twisted so an arcuate recess 25, is removably mounted over that such lower portion thereof lies in a plane said disk or plate 2| andover the inner portion ' substantially perpendicular to the plane of the of hand lever IB by any suitable means.V as for 20 indicated. ' î ' Y upper slotted portion off said rarmì substantially exampleV by an optional screwfZS" which passes illustratedLin Figj‘l. The lower end through a central aperture Ytherein and'threads into _a threaded passage in the endQof shaft l5,A of said arm n 35' isf'aperturedl and is operatively'connected to the end portion or end flange I2a of the louverv or in instances where mounting block lS- is` used, l2 by meansof' a pivot _element 31 which _may 25 the same threads into a threaded passage vin be' either a headedï pin or screw. Pivot element such block. ' ' »Y 31 passes through the aperture in the lower end The cover> cap 24 rotates withV shaft l|5,¿ plug ofA connecting arm- `35 and has its inner end se l-B and lever i6. Lever I6 is'adapted to be en cured by welding or the like in an aperture in gaged and disengaged from serrations in- plate end mounting flange l2a of louver l2 and option 2l to allow said rotary movement tov eiîect _ad-rr 30 ally to one end of a reinforcing angular extension justment of' the louvers ,toïdesiredv positionsv and orv arm 38' which is secured adjacent Yto the end to retain-them'in" any position. -~ » f ' ñange lZa of louver l2v by> welding or the like. Hand lever I6 is preferablythcughïnot neces'-Y 1 Th` extension 38 may be integral with the end sarily provided with an integral'extension or studi' portion of pintle Ml or may compose a- perpen 2T on itsintermediateportion which extends irr dicularly bent end of said pintle I 4. SaidV exé wardly and which seats in recessesor serrations 22. An optional springv 28 is preferably though not necessarily interposedbetween the inner face tension 38 provides a sufficiently strong “arrn~," and reinforces the end ñange 42a to transmit the downward and-upward movement of connecting oi" cover 24 and said hand lever IB, said springy 40 linkl 35 to partially rotate the pintle lll and rock normally exerting» its force to hold said lever' so ` the respective louvers. As clearly shown in the up that its extension 2'1" seats in one of the recesses per portion of Fig. 1, a headless guide screw 35-a 22 to thereby releasa-bly lock said shaft andA leverv has one end thereof mounted in the intermediate injany one of a number Vof‘pesitions. Y ‘The intere portion of-` framer member l0 so that said screw mediate-‘part of said lever may' have-an optional `35i-4:1. extends perpendicularly and projects recess 30 to receive: the inner end of _said spring“ through the longitudinally extending guide slot 28, and' also an inwardlyprojectingelement 29. i. e; a screw or pin, maybe mounted on- the inner 4face of cover 24A `whereon- said spring; when Vofthe coil type, may be more securely mounted. A In Figs. l and 2 l2 illustrate an optional< sep arate` metal' diskA 3l; beneath serrated“ platejY 2l Z55-_b formed in connecting link 35 so that asV said link 35 is moved upwardly or downwardly, it‘is guided in said movement by the cooperating action of said guide screw 35-a and said guide 50 slot ßi-b. I have- illustrated in the cross sec tional view in Fig. 5 the normally vertically eX which is concentric` with shaft l5 and which is tending part of the frame side ñange Il, with also secured to a frame member byF screwsV 23 other parts in side elevation andrcross section. passing through apertures thereinl When it is The lower portion of the side flange HV which is desired to rotate the- shaft l5 and hand- lever I6, 55 nearest the operating mechanism has formed the operator‘merely' pulls the outer'end> of lever therein an arcuate slot 40’ through which the I6 toward> theY operator.V and against action of pivot'` element 3l extends, and in which it moves spring- 28, and> thereupon rotates said lever to upon the rocking movement herein described. the desired position and then permits the spring An endY portion of said slot 40’ is illustrated in 28y tov relock thev lever' by engagement of stud orv 60 Fig. 4, a part oi each thereof being defined by extension' 21 in one of the recesses 22'. Reference numeralV 32 designates: anoptional. the upper and lower cross lines on the cross. hatched frame flange ll above and below' the metal sleeve“ or bushingîwhich is‘mounted'in the pivot element 31. passage in the‘frame-on which the`-unitismounted vAs illustrated in Figs. 1 and Ll, the corresponde and which forms an optional bearing for shaft 65 ing ends of the respective pivotally mounted'lou‘. l5. Suitably secured onthe outer end of shaft vers are connected to operate in unison and in I5> is aà relatively' short vcrank arm or crank lever parallelism by a metal connecting bar I3; which 33‘ which has secured’. thereon a pivot element usually assumes the form of a straight metal' bar 3ll’,` which may assumeY the form of a screwÍ or with a plurality of` holes in it spaced apart> so that rivets or pins' passV through said holes'and ` A novel and> advantageous feature` of this con suitably spaced'holes in those end ñ'ange's. or struction is that. the size. and shape of the pivot wings which are at one end of each'louver. s C‘on element 34‘ l'essv than the narrowest and' trans necting bar I3v lies' adjacent andV substantially . verse' dimension of the slot 40 parallel to and just inside of the vertically'ex necting link 35' may be easily moved on and oiî 75 metal'pin.4 . ‘ ` 5 2,405,899 tending mounting flange Il at one sîdegof the awning frame, substantially as partially illus trated in Figs. 1 and 4. In instances where said connecting bar I3 is of substantial width, suitable openings or slots may be formed in it at spaced apart points so that the pivoting rivets (not shown) of the louver end flanges pass through said connecting bar slots and thereby said con necting bar may move in a substantially upward and arcuate path. v In many instances, particularly where awnings of this general type are mounted on the station 6 be construed as limitations upon the invention, its concept or structural embodiment as tov the whole or any part thereof. - y vI claim as my invention: » 1. In an operating mechanism for controlling pivoted louvers of a window awning, a pivotally mounted pintle connected to and along one of said louvers; a crank arm mounted on one end of said pintle; a shaft adapted to be journalled in a window frame and in a position spaced from ' said pintle; a crank lever on the outer end of said shaft; a link having one end portion opera ary-window frames of a building, theregular tively connected to said pintle crank arm and awning frame is hingedly secured to the building window frame by a plurality of hinges which are 15 having a separable operative connection -with said crank lever whereby rotation of said shaft sec-ured at suitably spaced apart points to one will normally rock said pintle; a grippablevpiv side member of the awning frame to permit the ctal lever on the other end of said shaft; and awning to be hinged into an outward position releasable locking means mounted adjacent said over the window. Such installations particularly have the advantage of permitting convenient ac 20 grippable lever for selectively holding said lever mechanism with a connecting link and a head in desired positions, said separable operative con nection between said link and said crank lever providing for quick outward movement of said window awning away from said crank lever of said shaft to permit access to the window adja cent to which said awning is mounted. 2. In combination with a window awning adapted to be removably mounted on a normally less pivoting pin such as the aforedescrìbed piv stationary window frame; an operating mecha cess to the window and window frame in clean ing, painting, or the like. The novel operating mechanism is of such construction that the awn ing itselfmay be hingedly moimted along its ver tically extending lateral edge, optionally being the edge adjacent to the end connecting link of my construction. Utilization of my operating oting pin 3d which slides in and engages a slot 30 nism for controlling pivoted louvers of said win dow awning; a pintle pivotally mounted in said in the upper end of connecting link 35 permits awning and operatively connected to and along the awning to be hingedly mounted at the left one of said louvers; an arm mounted on one end h'and edge and permits such awning to be swung of said pintle; a shaft journalled in said window outwardly on said hinges due to the fact that frame; a crank lever on the end of said shaft; upon such swinging movement, the connecting a link having a removable connection with said link 35 will merely move outwardly in an arcuate crank lever and having its other end connected path and disengage the pivot element 34 from to said pintle, said removable connection between the uppermost slot 40 in said connecting link 35. said link and said crank lever permitting re When the shutter is desired to be closed against moval or outward swinging movement of said the window, the pivot element 34 will againbe awning; the rotation of said sh'aft being adapted received by the upper slot of link y35 to thereby to rock said pintle; a grippable pivotal lever on re-establish operative relation. the end of said shaft at the inside of said vwindow It will be apparent that my operating mecha frame; a serrated plate mounted at lthe inner nism for controlling from a remote point mov end of said shaft, said plate having serrated able elements such as hinged or pivoted mem teeth, and a projecting element on said lever bers, includes the adjustable and releasably lock adapted to engage said teeth to hold said lever able lever or crank with its locking means; the and said louvers in desired position. shaft normally journalled in either a stationary 3l. In a mechanism for controlling pivotally or removable frame; the crank arm on an end of the sh'aft and the connecting link and pintle 50 mounted louvers of a window awning adapted to be mounted on a window frame, said louvers be and pintle arm, the latter being operatively `con ing connected to move in unison; a rotatable nected together, all the foregoing cooperating to shaft adapted to be journalled in a normally gether to transmit rotative movement of the shaft stationary window frame; a crank arm on the to a pintle or similar rockable element to which normally inner end ofsaid shaft; a connecting pintle or rockable element one of the awning lou 55 link separately pivoted at one end to said crank vers may be secured or connected. lever and having its other end operatively con I desire it t0 be understood that either form nected to one of said louvers; a grippable hand of my herein described and claimed invention lever on the inner end of said can be satisfactorily installed and used either in rated plate adjacent said hand lever, the serra a portion of a stationary window frame or in a movable, swinging or removable frame such' as 60 tions of said plate being adapted to releasably engage said hand lever whereby said hand lever used for screens, windows or the like. and the louvers may be releasably mounted inV My illustrated invention may also be adapted one of a number of desired positions, the said for use in closing shutters, blinds, windows and separable pivoting of said connecting link pro various other hingedly mounted elements in in stances where the manual actuation is >or may 65 viding for quick separation of the window awning from said shaft and the shaft crank arm. advantageously be imparted and initiated from 4. In combination with a normally stationary either the inside of a wall, partition or the like window frame a removable awning having aplural or from a remote point conveniently accessible to the operator. ity of louvers pivotally mounted therein and oper I am aware that various changes may be made 70 atively connected together by a connecting link and ` in the embodiment of the invention herein spe cifically described without departing from or sac riñcing any of the advantages of the invention or any features thereof, and nothing hereinshall 75 having a rockable member operatively connected to said link; a crank arm secured on one end of said rockable member; a manually operable mechanism adapted to Ibe mounted upon the inside of a frame for selectively operating said 2,405,899 7 louvers and Aincluding >a shaft; a hand lever con nected to said shaft; releasable looking means for said hand lever adapted to releasably lock the same in any one of ¿a number of desired p0 sitions; a crank arm on the outer end of said shaft; and a link connected at one end to said crank arm on >said rockable` member and said crank arm having a, removable connection to hand lever, the serrations of said Vplate being adapted `to releasably engage said hand lever whereby said hand lever and the louvers may be releasably mounted in one of a number of de sired positions; a spring engaging said hand le ver adapted to normally hold said hand lever in locked engagement with said serrations; a crank lever mounted on the outer end of said shaft; a connecting link pivoted at one end to said crank said shaft whereby the rocking movement of said 10 lever and having its other end operatively con shaft is transmitted to pivot said louvers, said nected to one of said louvers and adapted, when removable connection between said shaft crank moved longitudinally, to pivot said louvers, said arm and said link permitting quick removal or link having an intermediate guide slot therein; opening of said window awning. and a screw mounted adjacent said link and pro 5. In a mechanism for controlling pivotally jecting through said guide slot, the cooperation 15 mounted louvers of a window awning, said lou vers being connected to move in unison; a ro tatable shaft; a grippable hand lever on the one end of said shaft; a, serrated plate adjacent said of said screw and said guide slot being adapted to guide the longitudinal movement of said link. JOSEPHl OTTI.