Патент USA US2405934код для вставки
Aug. 20, 1946. 'H. ALFANDRE - 2,405,934 MEANS FOR ASSEMBLINGv SAF-ETY PINS Filed April ‘25,. 1944 ' Zmnentor »Hnreny ALF/woes ‘ Gttorncg - Patented Aug. 20, 1946 2,405,934 UNITED STATES “iO-F‘F ICE 1 2,405,934 > MEANS. FOR ASSEMBLING?AFETYfPINS ' ‘Harry 'Alfandre, Jamaica'fN; Y. Application April; 25, 1944,: Serial $101,532,617 ( Cl.‘ 16348 ) 9.“ Claims. ..This,_inv.ention, relates. to- means' for use _‘_ in" Q assembling, a [plurality .of . safety, ,pins .or other .' loopedmembers ona carrier. ., "illustrated‘in .Eig. =7; ajpluralityrof safety pin'siS of “different sizes are mounted on the ‘.prong of another safetyj pin" SC-which’formspart- of ..chandising,articles,.such as safety .pinsrthelatter "the merchandising’ puteupi, or” hunch 1B and‘ con stitutes a carrier or holder‘ for ‘the ?rst mentioned sarehputhup, in, bunches, composed: .‘of . a; plurality _, pins/of the bunch. “Also, as here shown; the put . According to, one well .known method=of mer .or safety pins, usually of di?erentsizes, mounted .,on,one ofthe safety pinsof thebunch, said. last .. mentioned. safety pin .constituting a. carrier, for .up isprovided with agprice tag‘T which is slipped ‘ over'the prongv of the‘ pin' carrier. SC. The‘ ,means I provided in ‘accordance :with. the 10- .present invention,‘ for use‘ in. assembling pins on vthe pin carrier ‘SC'comprises' theholder 10 which noitdance with one method of. making upabunch ‘ is. mounted in, juxtaposition~ to the‘. top l2 ' of‘ a oof safetytpins, .the closed safety pinsare mounted .the, other. pins of. the bunch. I ~ Heretbfore, inac one by one on the prong of an Opensafety, pin table or bench in” front. of which the‘ worker‘ sits which is; vmounted :in ,. a _ ?xture . which holds» the " and on which‘ there are arranged in‘ any way _,open. safety ,pin . in .vertical .position with , the 15,convenier‘1t' to the worker‘ supplies. of safety pins "of various sizes. ' The holder lll‘comprises later .pointed end . of the prong uppermost. .;That " ally’spaced' parts l4$and~ |6".wl1ich de?ne ,aslot “method-‘of, ,making up. bunches of. safety._.pins,.is ‘l8 'which'is ope'n'at its‘ top‘ as indicated’ at. 2B slow, .and therefore appreciably affects the . pro and ‘which. is‘ closed" at its bottom as‘ indicated ,duction cost. , Furthermore,that methodpresents ..a substantial :occupationalhazard since ,the...up .20 at.‘ 22. ‘Parts; l4*and l6, are spacedgfromv each other-by a spacing member 24, the upper edge of .wardly “projecting -. prong ;of. the safety, pin . on which forms said‘ closed end>22 of slot‘ l8. Earts , which. the. other. pins . of‘ the .bunchare .mounted constitutes a prevailing source of .possibleinjury . to, the worker or assembler. whomakes up bunches “of. pinsin. ‘the, manner. referred to. In, accordance withthepresent invention,- the production of ,bunches of safety ,pinsmis‘facili ~tate'dfwhereby tov reducethe, cost. of the assem _ l4 and‘ I6, are’?xedly secured‘ to‘ spacing member "124' in‘ any'_'suitable' way. Slot l8 ' extends ‘longi 25:tudina1ly' of; part" l4; and is opensat both sides. 26 “thereof as: illustrated in‘ Fig; 4. ‘The inner vsur "’faces"28. and 30 ofhparts‘ I4 and I6 areysmooth ‘?at planer surfaces and the distance between said bling operation, . and‘ in, addition theQdangerin “surfaces, ‘disposed in confronting . relation, as ‘ herent in‘ thepreviously utilized-method referred 80“shown,' is'such that‘ the slot I8 is comparatively to above is substantially eliminated. The, accom plishment of these results constitutes aprime. ob ‘ ject' of‘. the. present invention. ‘Another object of ‘the invention‘v is the. provi ' narrow as shown by Figs; 1" and‘ 4. v .Part ' “of holder [0 .isrconstituted by a bar "which has‘ an‘ upper portion 32. of reduced width. "'The'front of:bar I4 is provided‘ with a longi rision‘of‘ a'device of simple constructionbw-which _ 35LtudinaIly' extendingf groove “which is open,‘ at "the above mentioned results .are accomplished. ,‘'_The above and, other objects,‘ ‘features, .and advantages or the present invention .will be‘fully "understood fromthe following description, con "the lower‘end of theiholder III as indicated at“. "The, sides of groove“ are de?ned by'the mar ginal edgejportions 38 .of‘ the wider portionlill of. the bar. which .constitutespart M, the upper "sidered, in : connection with ‘the accompanying“, 40 ends of said edge, portions 38 terminatingin the ‘ illustrative "drawing. “In the" drawing : “ Fig." 1: is-aside view of the meansprovided in gnarrowerpart .32 :of said‘. bar and “tapering. in thickness toathe'thi‘ckness, of said narrower por .tion. and_ tapering ,also- in-width. to the width of saidinarrower ,pa‘rt asshown more clearly in Figs. “accordance withtheppresent invention for .use -*in assembling"apluralityof closed safety, pins on 45.. 3 and 5. Part l6 comprises a portion142which -~a~safety pin’ carrierlforming part‘ of ‘the bunch; is in the form ofha ?at bar having a wider lower "Fig-'2 is attopiplan view thereof; , portion 44 and .a narrower upperportion. 46, said portion 42 corresponding. in width throughout its Fig. 3 is a‘front view?thereof; “.Fig, 4 is .a sectional view onthe 1ine-4—.4 of _ ,lengthto that. of part. 4-4. v.The upper end.of the ""Fig? 1; 60 .narrowenportion 460i part l6. projects above the top or. adjacent end, of' part ' l4 .and.._is curved Fig. 5‘..is.a.sectional. view of apart on the, line " 5-;5. of’ Fig.‘ 3; ~.q--orearwar'dly.-;as indicated ,at.~48 .in v"Fig. 1 and ‘jl‘figf?v is a viewsimilar to Fig. 3, .witha portion : .mcrgest into ; the ‘integral. rearwardly extending ..broken-, away .1 for .the purpose. of illustration; .1‘ lilig.~ " 7_ .is; arview of. .a, bunch of safety pins. .partl50. ~55 . .IAS, illustrated in._Eig.L1; the holder. "1 is-secured 2,405,934 3 4 to the table or bench in such position that the slot l8 in the holder extends vertically down wardly from the entrance opening 20 and is in clined forwardly of the table or bench, this being accomplished as here’ shown by 'a mounting opening 20 of slot I8 and utilizes part 50 as a guide to the slot so that the assembler is not required to carefully watch the movement of the pin in the transfer thereof from the table to the holder. The manner in which part 50 is utilized bracket 52 which has one arm 54 thereof fas as a guide will be more clearly understood by reference to Figs. 1 and 2 which show a safety tened to the back of part I6 of the holder and pin SI positioned transversely of part 50 so that an arm 56 secured to the table or bench, the angle as the assembler moves said .pin longitudinally between said arms of the bracket beinggreater than 90°, in ‘order to position the “holder I!) in 10 of said part and toward the front of ‘the table, the said pin is guided to the entrance opening 20 the inclined relation illustrated in Fig. l. The of the slot I8. The position of pin SI, at the portion 50 of part 16 0f the holder extends down-‘-' entrance to slot I8, is indicated at a in Fig. 1, and wardly in a direction running from the upper end 20 of slot l8 rearwardly of the latter and engages‘ ~ the position of said pin after it enters said slot the top l2 of the table or bench in a-5groove~58 .15 and is moving by gravity down said slot is indi as illustrated in Fig. 1. Said part 59, v hasMa bent _ _ cated at b in Figs. 1 and 2. In actual practice, the assembler after a few practice operations in end portion 60 which is positioned entirely below _.the.use of the present invention is able to transfer the upper surface of the top 12 of the-table; and the safety pins in the proper sizes from the re is overlapped by a portion of the table top‘ as‘ indicated at 62 in Fig. 1. ‘Aswill hereinafter 20 spective supplies thereof on the tabletop I2 to , more fully appear, part 50‘ providesrmeans for ‘ the holder 10 very quickly and e?iciently'and guiding the safety pins during ‘the transfer there 'of by the‘assembler from the table top into the with little effort in comparison with that required in accordance with the previous method of open end 28 of slot “3. In using the above described means‘ of the present invention for putting up bunches of safety pins or other looped members, the assembler sits in front of the table, that is to the left of the mounting the pins directly on the prong of the across groove 34 in said part as illustrated in carrier pin. pin carrier. Thus it is'apparent from the above description that the present invention greatly facilitates and expedites the assembly of pins on a carrier pin for producing the bunch type 'of holder .IU viewing Fig; 1 and places safety pins put up. In addition, the invention eliminates a in the holder ID with either side of the pin posi 80 substantial part if not all of the danger of injuries which resulted from the prior method of mount tioned in slot l8 and the opposite side of the pin ing safety pins directly on the pin prong of the disposed at the front of part 14 and extending . . While I have shown and described the pre disposed in slot lBin the relation just described. 35 ferred embodiment of my invention, it will vbe understood that the latter may be embodied _The safety pins thus placedin the holder are in otherwise than as herein speci?cally illustrated substantially stacked relation, one of‘the sides or described and that in the illustrated embodi of the lowermost pin of the stack‘being supported ment certain changes in the details of construc on the edge portion of spacing member ‘24 at the closed end of the slot I8. When the pins are thus 40 tion and in the arrangement of parts may be positioned in the holder If], the part I 4 of said ‘ made without departing from the underlying idea holder projects through the openings in the of the present invention'within the scope of the Figs. 1 and 2 which show a few of the safety pins safety. pin between the opposite sides thereof. appended claims. When the desired number of safety pins are posi Having thus described’ my invention, what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: H tioned in the holder, another safety pin which is 'to constitute the carrier pinLSC, is positioned with the'pointed end ofv theprong ,of the pin in the lower end of groove 34 below the lowermost safety pin in the holder, and‘thenv said safety pin; SC is moved upwardlyto project the prong of ' said pin through the openings in the safety pins in ‘the holder, that is betweenAthe forward ‘sides I . 1. Means for use in assembling on a carrier a plurality of looped members which have openings ‘ de?ned by the loopforming portions of said mem bers, respectively, said means comprising a holder having a slot closed at one end thereof and open at its opposite end for providing an entrance into said slot for said looped members, said holder of the pin-and the bottom of the groove 34, and having a part which extends longitudinally of as a continuation of this operation,_the pin SC,‘ said slot and projects through theopenings in together with the- other pins S through which" the looped memberswhich are disposed in said the‘ prong of ‘said pin SC projects are moved slot, said part of the holder having an outer sur upwardly until the lowermost pin in the holder face provided with a longitudinally extending clears the upper tip. of part 14, thus to remove ‘ groove which is traversed by parts of the looped the stack ofrpin's from the holder while said stack , of pins is mounted on‘ the prong of the‘ carrier pin SC. Then, while the. carrier pin SC is still I opened, the price tag T, if one is attached to the bunch as shown in Fig. 7, is placed on the prong, the closing of said carrier pin SC completing the ._ operation. _ . _. , V In transferring the pins from the respective ‘ supplies thereof on the table top 52 to the holder .7 members which are disposed in said slot, said groove forming a guide for part of said carrier to guide said carrier part for. movement in said V groove longitudinally thereof between said trav ersing parts of said looped members and said part ,of the holder at the outer surface thereof for gatheringsaid looped members on said carrier and removing them as a group from said holder through said open end of said slot. ,IlL'the part 5!] of the holder is utilized by the 2. Means for use in assembling on a carrier a assembler to facilitate the movement by the as,-,.. n‘ plurality of looped members which have openings sembler of the pins on the. top of the ,table to the de?ned by the loop forming portions of said mem entrance opening ‘29 of slot‘ i8.‘ Inlthus using part, 50 of .the holder for guiding the pins in the transfer thereof from‘ the top of the table to the . holder, .theassembler moves a._pin_ by hand from. ' bers, respectively, said means comprising a holder ‘ having a slot closed at one end thereof and open at its opposite end for providing an entrance into said slot for saidlooped members’, lsaid‘holder the pile of pins on the surface'of the table toward“ 175 having a part which‘ extends longitudinally of ienoaieec said’ slot and > projects : through- thel'openingsain - the looped members vwhichvare fdisposed-nin said ‘1 ing .Iher-open .~ prong of the" carrier safety ‘pin for o ~movement between ‘lthe opposite '- sides vof - the '- slot, [and > lmeans in’v unitary r-érelation \=.with~= said 1 safety pins-which are disposed ins‘aid slot =whereby , "~holder-'>fonguidingsaid looped members intolsaid open-end ‘of's'aid ‘slot,’ said-partvofithe“ holder , having an outer surface provided with a longi » to‘ gather: said last mentioned-pins on said: carrier :pin: and- to remove: them; from said holder,‘ the other of sa'idaspacedpartshaving a guide member tudinally extending groove which is traversed by extending; transverselyrof :rsaid .slot and leading parts of the looped members which are disposed to the open end of the latter for guiding the pins in said slot, said groove forming a guide for part to said slot. of said carrier to guide said carrier part for 10 6. Means for use in assembling a group of movement in said groove longitudinally thereof between said traversing parts of said looped members and said part of the holder at the outer surface thereof for gathering said looped mem closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises another safety pin, said means comprising a holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re— ceive between said spaced parts either of the v bers on said carrier and removing them as a 15 sides of a plurality of closed safety pins with the group from said holder through said open end of said slot. opposite sides of the latter disposed externally - of said slot in confronting relation to the adja cent surface of one of said spaced parts, said slot being closed at one end thereof and open at its safety pin, said means comprising spaced parts 20 opposite end for providing an entrance into said de?ning a slot to receive between said spaced slot for said ?rst mentioned sides of said safety parts either of the sides of a plurality of closed pins, a bench having an upper surface for sup safety pins with the opposite sides of the latter porting a supply of the safety pins, and means disposed externally ‘of said slot in confronting securing said holder to said bench with said slot relation to the adjacent surface of one of said 25 in vertical position and with the open end of the spaced parts, said slot being closed at one end slot near said upper surface and with said holder thereof and open at its opposite end for provid inclined forwardly and downwardly from said 3. Means for use in assembling a group of closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises another ing an entrance into said slot for said ?rst men upper surface. tioned sides of said safety pins, and means on '7. Means for use in assembling a group of said one of the spaced parts at said adjacent sur 30 closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises face thereof for guiding the open prong of the another safety pin, said means comprising a carrier safety pin for movement between the op posite sides of the safety pins which are disposed in said slot whereby to gather said last mentioned holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re ceive between said spaced parts either of the sides of a plurality of closed safety pins with the oppo pins on said carrier pin and to remove them from 35 site sides of the latter disposed externally of said said holder. slot in confronting relation to the adjacent sur 4. Means for use in assembling a group of closed face of one of said spaced parts, said slot being safety pins on a carrier which comprises another closed at one" end thereof and open at its opposite safety pin, said means comprising spaced parts end for providing an entrance into said slot for de?ning a slot to receive between said spaced 40 said ?rst mentioned sides of said safety pins, a parts either of the sides of a plurality of closed bench having an upper surface for supporting safety pins with the opposite sides of the latter a supply of the safety pins, and said holder being disposed externally of said slot in confronting mounted with the open end of said slot near said relation to the adjacent surface of one of said surface of said bench and with said slot extend spaced parts, said slot being closed at one end 45 ing downwardly from said open end thereof, and thereof and open at its opposite end for providing means at the upper surface of said bench for an entrance into said slot for said ?rst mentioned guiding the pins to said slot. sides of said safety pins, said one of the spaced .8. Means for use in assembling a group of parts of the holder having a groove in said ad closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises jacent surface thereof extending longitudinally 50 another safety pin, said means comprising a of said slot and traversed by said opposite sides holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re of said safety pins which are disposed in said slot, ceive between said spaced parts either of the said groove forming means for guiding the open sides of a plurality of closed safety pins with the prong of the carrier safety pin for movement opposite sides of the latter disposed externally between the opposite sides of the safety pins 55 of said slot in confronting relation to the adja which are disposed in said slot whereby to gather cent surface of one of said spaced parts, said said last mentioned pins on said carrier pin and slot being closed at one end thereof and open at to remove them from said holder. its opposite end for providing an entrance into 5. Means for use in assembling a group of said slot for said ?rst mentioned sides of said closed safety pins on the carrier which comprises 60 safety pins, a bench having an upper surface for another safety pin, said means comprising spaced supporting a supply of the safety pins, said holder parts de?ning a slot to receive between said being mounted with the open end of said slot spaced parts either of the sides of a plurality of substantially at the level of said upper surface of closed safety pins with the opposite sides of the said bench and with said slot extending down latter disposed externally of saidslot in confront 65 wardly from said open end thereof, and forwardly ing relation to the adjacent surface of one of of the front of said bench. said spaced parts, said slot being closed at one 9. Means for use in assembling a group of end thereof and open at its opposite end for closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises providing an entrance into said slot for said ?rst another safety pin, said means comprising a mentioned sides of said safety pins, said one of 70 holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re the spaced parts of the holder having a groove ceive between said spaced parts either of the in said adjacent surface thereof extending longi sides of a plurality‘of closed safety pins with the tudinally of said slot and traversed by said oppo opposite sides of the latter disposed externally of site sides of said safety pins which are disposed said slot in confronting relation to the adjacent in said slot, said groove forming means for guid 73 surface of one of said spaced parts, said slot being 2,405,934 7 8 closed at one end thereof and open at its opposite end for providing an entrance into said slot for said first mentioned sides of said. safety pins, a extending downwardly‘ from said open end there of, and means integral; with the other of said spaced parts of the holder and positioned over bench having an ‘upper surface for supporting a a. part of the upper surface of said bench for supply of the safety pins, said holder being 5 guiding the pins to said open end of the slot. mounted with the open end of said slot near ‘ said surface of said bench and with said slot i HARRY AIFANDRE.