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Патент USA US2405934

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Aug. 20, 1946.
'H. ALFANDRE
- 2,405,934
MEANS FOR ASSEMBLINGv SAF-ETY PINS
Filed April ‘25,. 1944 '
Zmnentor
»Hnreny ALF/woes
‘
Gttorncg -
Patented Aug. 20, 1946
2,405,934
UNITED STATES
“iO-F‘F ICE
1 2,405,934 >
MEANS. FOR ASSEMBLING?AFETYfPINS
' ‘Harry 'Alfandre, Jamaica'fN; Y.
Application April; 25, 1944,: Serial $101,532,617
( Cl.‘ 16348 )
9.“ Claims.
..This,_inv.ention, relates. to- means' for use _‘_ in" Q
assembling, a [plurality .of . safety, ,pins .or other
.' loopedmembers ona carrier.
.,
"illustrated‘in .Eig. =7; ajpluralityrof safety
pin'siS of “different sizes are mounted on the ‘.prong
of another safetyj pin" SC-which’formspart- of
..chandising,articles,.such as safety .pinsrthelatter
"the merchandising’ puteupi, or” hunch 1B and‘ con
stitutes a carrier or holder‘ for ‘the ?rst mentioned
sarehputhup, in, bunches, composed: .‘of . a; plurality
_, pins/of the bunch. “Also, as here shown; the put
. According to, one well .known method=of mer
.or safety pins, usually of di?erentsizes, mounted
.,on,one ofthe safety pinsof thebunch, said. last
.. mentioned. safety pin .constituting a. carrier, for
.up isprovided with agprice tag‘T which is slipped
‘ over'the prongv of the‘ pin' carrier. SC.
The‘ ,means I provided in ‘accordance :with. the
10- .present invention,‘ for use‘ in. assembling pins on
vthe pin carrier ‘SC'comprises' theholder 10 which
noitdance with one method of. making upabunch
‘ is. mounted in, juxtaposition~ to the‘. top l2 ' of‘ a
oof safetytpins, .the closed safety pinsare mounted
.the, other. pins of. the bunch. I ~ Heretbfore, inac
one by one on the prong of an Opensafety, pin
table or bench in” front. of which the‘ worker‘ sits
which is; vmounted :in ,. a _ ?xture . which holds» the
" and on which‘ there are arranged in‘ any way
_,open. safety ,pin . in .vertical .position with , the 15,convenier‘1t' to the worker‘ supplies. of safety pins
"of various sizes. ' The holder lll‘comprises later
.pointed end . of the prong uppermost. .;That
" ally’spaced' parts l4$and~ |6".wl1ich de?ne ,aslot
“method-‘of, ,making up. bunches of. safety._.pins,.is
‘l8 'which'is ope'n'at its‘ top‘ as indicated’ at. 2B
slow, .and therefore appreciably affects the . pro
and ‘which. is‘ closed" at its bottom as‘ indicated
,duction cost. , Furthermore,that methodpresents
..a substantial :occupationalhazard since ,the...up .20 at.‘ 22. ‘Parts; l4*and l6, are spacedgfromv each
other-by a spacing member 24, the upper edge of
.wardly “projecting -. prong ;of. the safety, pin . on
which forms said‘ closed end>22 of slot‘ l8. Earts
, which. the. other. pins . of‘ the .bunchare .mounted
constitutes a prevailing source of .possibleinjury
. to, the worker or assembler. whomakes up bunches
“of. pinsin. ‘the, manner. referred to.
In, accordance withthepresent invention,- the
production of ,bunches of safety ,pinsmis‘facili
~tate'dfwhereby tov reducethe, cost. of the assem
_ l4 and‘ I6, are’?xedly secured‘ to‘ spacing member
"124' in‘ any'_'suitable' way. Slot l8 ' extends ‘longi
25:tudina1ly' of; part" l4; and is opensat both sides. 26
“thereof as: illustrated in‘ Fig; 4. ‘The inner vsur
"’faces"28. and 30 ofhparts‘ I4 and I6 areysmooth
‘?at planer surfaces and the distance between said
bling operation, . and‘ in, addition theQdangerin
“surfaces, ‘disposed in confronting . relation, as
‘ herent in‘ thepreviously utilized-method referred 80“shown,' is'such that‘ the slot I8 is comparatively
to above is substantially eliminated. The, accom
plishment of these results constitutes aprime. ob
‘ ject' of‘. the. present invention.
‘Another object of ‘the invention‘v is the. provi
' narrow as shown by Figs; 1" and‘ 4.
v
.Part ' “of holder [0 .isrconstituted by a bar
"which has‘ an‘ upper portion 32. of reduced width.
"'The'front of:bar I4 is provided‘ with a longi
rision‘of‘ a'device of simple constructionbw-which _ 35LtudinaIly' extendingf groove “which is open,‘ at
"the above mentioned results .are accomplished.
,‘'_The above and, other objects,‘ ‘features, .and
advantages or the present invention .will be‘fully
"understood fromthe following description, con
"the lower‘end of theiholder III as indicated at“.
"The, sides of groove“ are de?ned by'the mar
ginal edgejportions 38 .of‘ the wider portionlill
of. the bar. which .constitutespart M, the upper
"sidered, in : connection with ‘the accompanying“, 40 ends of said edge, portions 38 terminatingin the
‘ illustrative "drawing.
“In the" drawing :
“ Fig." 1: is-aside view of the meansprovided in
gnarrowerpart .32 :of said‘. bar and “tapering. in
thickness toathe'thi‘ckness, of said narrower por
.tion. and_ tapering ,also- in-width. to the width of
saidinarrower ,pa‘rt asshown more clearly in Figs.
“accordance withtheppresent invention for .use
-*in assembling"apluralityof closed safety, pins on 45.. 3 and 5. Part l6 comprises a portion142which
-~a~safety pin’ carrierlforming part‘ of ‘the bunch;
is in the form ofha ?at bar having a wider lower
"Fig-'2 is attopiplan view thereof;
, portion 44 and .a narrower upperportion. 46, said
portion 42 corresponding. in width throughout its
Fig. 3 is a‘front view?thereof;
“.Fig, 4 is .a sectional view onthe 1ine-4—.4 of _ ,lengthto that. of part. 4-4. v.The upper end.of the
""Fig? 1;
60 .narrowenportion 460i part l6. projects above the
top or. adjacent end, of' part ' l4 .and.._is curved
Fig. 5‘..is.a.sectional. view of apart on the, line
" 5-;5. of’ Fig.‘ 3;
~.q--orearwar'dly.-;as indicated ,at.~48 .in v"Fig. 1 and
‘jl‘figf?v is a viewsimilar to Fig. 3, .witha portion : .mcrgest into ; the ‘integral. rearwardly extending
..broken-, away .1 for .the purpose. of illustration;
.1‘ lilig.~ " 7_ .is; arview of. .a, bunch of safety pins.
.partl50.
~55 . .IAS, illustrated in._Eig.L1; the holder. "1 is-secured
2,405,934
3
4
to the table or bench in such position that the
slot l8 in the holder extends vertically down
wardly from the entrance opening 20 and is in
clined forwardly of the table or bench, this being
accomplished as here’ shown by 'a mounting
opening 20 of slot I8 and utilizes part 50 as a
guide to the slot so that the assembler is not
required to carefully watch the movement of the
pin in the transfer thereof from the table to the
holder. The manner in which part 50 is utilized
bracket 52 which has one arm 54 thereof fas
as a guide will be more clearly understood by
reference to Figs. 1 and 2 which show a safety
tened to the back of part I6 of the holder and
pin SI positioned transversely of part 50 so that
an arm 56 secured to the table or bench, the angle
as the assembler moves said .pin longitudinally
between said arms of the bracket beinggreater
than 90°, in ‘order to position the “holder I!) in 10 of said part and toward the front of ‘the table,
the said pin is guided to the entrance opening 20
the inclined relation illustrated in Fig. l. The
of the slot I8. The position of pin SI, at the
portion 50 of part 16 0f the holder extends down-‘-'
entrance to slot I8, is indicated at a in Fig. 1, and
wardly in a direction running from the upper end
20 of slot l8 rearwardly of the latter and engages‘ ~ the position of said pin after it enters said slot
the top l2 of the table or bench in a-5groove~58 .15 and is moving by gravity down said slot is indi
as illustrated in Fig. 1. Said part 59, v hasMa bent _ _ cated at b in Figs. 1 and 2. In actual practice,
the assembler after a few practice operations in
end portion 60 which is positioned entirely below
_.the.use of the present invention is able to transfer
the upper surface of the top 12 of the-table; and
the safety pins in the proper sizes from the re
is overlapped by a portion of the table top‘ as‘
indicated at 62 in Fig. 1. ‘Aswill hereinafter 20 spective supplies thereof on the tabletop I2 to
, more fully appear, part 50‘ providesrmeans for
‘ the holder 10 very quickly and e?iciently'and
guiding the safety pins during ‘the transfer there
'of by the‘assembler from the table top into the
with little effort in comparison with that required
in accordance with the previous method of
open end 28 of slot “3.
In using the above described means‘ of the
present invention for putting up bunches of safety
pins or other looped members, the assembler sits
in front of the table, that is to the left of the
mounting the pins directly on the prong of the
across groove 34 in said part as illustrated in
carrier pin.
pin carrier. Thus it is'apparent from the above
description that the present invention greatly
facilitates and expedites the assembly of pins on
a carrier pin for producing the bunch type 'of
holder .IU viewing Fig; 1 and places safety pins
put up. In addition, the invention eliminates a
in the holder ID with either side of the pin posi 80 substantial part if not all of the danger of injuries
which resulted from the prior method of mount
tioned in slot l8 and the opposite side of the pin
ing safety pins directly on the pin prong of the
disposed at the front of part 14 and extending
.
.
While I have shown and described the pre
disposed in slot lBin the relation just described. 35 ferred embodiment of my invention, it will vbe
understood that the latter may be embodied
_The safety pins thus placedin the holder are in
otherwise than as herein speci?cally illustrated
substantially stacked relation, one of‘the sides
or described and that in the illustrated embodi
of the lowermost pin of the stack‘being supported
ment certain changes in the details of construc
on the edge portion of spacing member ‘24 at the
closed end of the slot I8. When the pins are thus 40 tion and in the arrangement of parts may be
positioned in the holder If], the part I 4 of said ‘ made without departing from the underlying idea
holder projects through the openings in the
of the present invention'within the scope of the
Figs. 1 and 2 which show a few of the safety pins
safety. pin between the opposite sides thereof.
appended claims.
When the desired number of safety pins are posi
Having thus described’ my invention, what I
claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
H tioned in the holder, another safety pin which
is 'to constitute the carrier pinLSC, is positioned
with the'pointed end ofv theprong ,of the pin in
the lower end of groove 34 below the lowermost
safety pin in the holder, and‘thenv said safety pin;
SC is moved upwardlyto project the prong of '
said pin through the openings in the safety pins
in ‘the holder, that is betweenAthe forward ‘sides
I
. 1. Means for use in assembling on a carrier a
plurality of looped members which have openings
‘ de?ned by the loopforming portions of said mem
bers, respectively, said means comprising a holder
having a slot closed at one end thereof and open
at its opposite end for providing an entrance into
said slot for said looped members, said holder
of the pin-and the bottom of the groove 34, and
having a part which extends longitudinally of
as a continuation of this operation,_the pin SC,‘ said slot and projects through theopenings in
together with the- other pins S through which" the looped memberswhich are disposed in said
the‘ prong of ‘said pin SC projects are moved
slot, said part of the holder having an outer sur
upwardly until the lowermost pin in the holder
face provided with a longitudinally extending
clears the upper tip. of part 14, thus to remove
‘ groove which is traversed by parts of the looped
the stack ofrpin's from the holder while said stack ,
of pins is mounted on‘ the prong of the‘ carrier
pin SC. Then, while the. carrier pin SC is still
I opened, the price tag T, if one is attached to the
bunch as shown in Fig. 7, is placed on the prong,
the closing of said carrier pin SC completing the ._
operation.
_
.
_.
,
V
In transferring the pins from the respective
‘ supplies thereof on the table top 52 to the holder
.7 members which are disposed in said slot, said
groove forming a guide for part of said carrier
to guide said carrier part for. movement in said
V groove longitudinally thereof between said trav
ersing parts of said looped members and said part
,of the holder at the outer surface thereof for
gatheringsaid looped members on said carrier
and removing them as a group from said holder
through said open end of said slot.
,IlL'the part 5!] of the holder is utilized by the
2. Means for use in assembling on a carrier a
assembler to facilitate the movement by the as,-,.. n‘ plurality of looped members which have openings
sembler of the pins on the. top of the ,table to the
de?ned by the loop forming portions of said mem
entrance opening ‘29 of slot‘ i8.‘ Inlthus using
part, 50 of .the holder for guiding the pins in the
transfer thereof from‘ the top of the table to the
. holder, .theassembler moves a._pin_ by hand from.
' bers, respectively, said means comprising a holder
‘ having a slot closed at one end thereof and open
at its opposite end for providing an entrance into
said slot for saidlooped members’, lsaid‘holder
the pile of pins on the surface'of the table toward“ 175 having a part which‘ extends longitudinally of
ienoaieec
said’ slot and > projects : through- thel'openingsain
- the looped members vwhichvare fdisposed-nin said
‘1 ing .Iher-open .~ prong of the" carrier safety ‘pin for o
~movement between ‘lthe opposite '- sides vof - the
'- slot, [and > lmeans in’v unitary r-érelation \=.with~= said
1 safety pins-which are disposed ins‘aid slot =whereby ,
"~holder-'>fonguidingsaid looped members intolsaid
open-end ‘of's'aid ‘slot,’ said-partvofithe“ holder ,
having an outer surface provided with a longi
» to‘ gather: said last mentioned-pins on said: carrier
:pin: and- to remove: them; from said holder,‘ the
other of sa'idaspacedpartshaving a guide member
tudinally extending groove which is traversed by
extending; transverselyrof :rsaid .slot and leading
parts of the looped members which are disposed
to the open end of the latter for guiding the pins
in said slot, said groove forming a guide for part
to said slot.
of said carrier to guide said carrier part for 10
6. Means for use in assembling a group of
movement in said groove longitudinally thereof
between said traversing parts of said looped
members and said part of the holder at the outer
surface thereof for gathering said looped mem
closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises
another safety pin, said means comprising a
holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re—
ceive between said spaced parts either of the v
bers on said carrier and removing them as a 15 sides of a plurality of closed safety pins with the
group from said holder through said open end
of said slot.
opposite sides of the latter disposed externally
-
of said slot in confronting relation to the adja
cent surface of one of said spaced parts, said slot
being closed at one end thereof and open at its
safety pin, said means comprising spaced parts 20 opposite end for providing an entrance into said
de?ning a slot to receive between said spaced
slot for said ?rst mentioned sides of said safety
parts either of the sides of a plurality of closed
pins, a bench having an upper surface for sup
safety pins with the opposite sides of the latter
porting a supply of the safety pins, and means
disposed externally ‘of said slot in confronting
securing said holder to said bench with said slot
relation to the adjacent surface of one of said 25 in vertical position and with the open end of the
spaced parts, said slot being closed at one end
slot near said upper surface and with said holder
thereof and open at its opposite end for provid
inclined forwardly and downwardly from said
3. Means for use in assembling a group of closed
safety pins on a carrier which comprises another
ing an entrance into said slot for said ?rst men
upper surface.
tioned sides of said safety pins, and means on
'7. Means for use in assembling a group of
said one of the spaced parts at said adjacent sur 30 closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises
face thereof for guiding the open prong of the
another safety pin, said means comprising a
carrier safety pin for movement between the op
posite sides of the safety pins which are disposed
in said slot whereby to gather said last mentioned
holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re
ceive between said spaced parts either of the sides
of a plurality of closed safety pins with the oppo
pins on said carrier pin and to remove them from 35 site sides of the latter disposed externally of said
said holder.
slot in confronting relation to the adjacent sur
4. Means for use in assembling a group of closed
face of one of said spaced parts, said slot being
safety pins on a carrier which comprises another
closed at one" end thereof and open at its opposite
safety pin, said means comprising spaced parts
end for providing an entrance into said slot for
de?ning a slot to receive between said spaced 40 said ?rst mentioned sides of said safety pins, a
parts either of the sides of a plurality of closed
bench having an upper surface for supporting
safety pins with the opposite sides of the latter
a supply of the safety pins, and said holder being
disposed externally of said slot in confronting
mounted with the open end of said slot near said
relation to the adjacent surface of one of said
surface of said bench and with said slot extend
spaced parts, said slot being closed at one end 45 ing downwardly from said open end thereof, and
thereof and open at its opposite end for providing
means at the upper surface of said bench for
an entrance into said slot for said ?rst mentioned
guiding the pins to said slot.
sides of said safety pins, said one of the spaced
.8. Means for use in assembling a group of
parts of the holder having a groove in said ad
closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises
jacent surface thereof extending longitudinally 50 another safety pin, said means comprising a
of said slot and traversed by said opposite sides
holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re
of said safety pins which are disposed in said slot,
ceive between said spaced parts either of the
said groove forming means for guiding the open
sides of a plurality of closed safety pins with the
prong of the carrier safety pin for movement
opposite sides of the latter disposed externally
between the opposite sides of the safety pins 55 of said slot in confronting relation to the adja
which are disposed in said slot whereby to gather
cent surface of one of said spaced parts, said
said last mentioned pins on said carrier pin and
slot being closed at one end thereof and open at
to remove them from said holder.
its opposite end for providing an entrance into
5. Means for use in assembling a group of
said slot for said ?rst mentioned sides of said
closed safety pins on the carrier which comprises 60 safety pins, a bench having an upper surface for
another safety pin, said means comprising spaced
supporting a supply of the safety pins, said holder
parts de?ning a slot to receive between said
being mounted with the open end of said slot
spaced parts either of the sides of a plurality of
substantially at the level of said upper surface of
closed safety pins with the opposite sides of the
said bench and with said slot extending down
latter disposed externally of saidslot in confront 65 wardly from said open end thereof, and forwardly
ing relation to the adjacent surface of one of
of the front of said bench.
said spaced parts, said slot being closed at one
9. Means for use in assembling a group of
end thereof and open at its opposite end for
closed safety pins on a carrier which comprises
providing an entrance into said slot for said ?rst
another safety pin, said means comprising a
mentioned sides of said safety pins, said one of 70 holder having spaced parts de?ning a slot to re
the spaced parts of the holder having a groove
ceive between said spaced parts either of the
in said adjacent surface thereof extending longi
sides of a plurality‘of closed safety pins with the
tudinally of said slot and traversed by said oppo
opposite sides of the latter disposed externally of
site sides of said safety pins which are disposed
said slot in confronting relation to the adjacent
in said slot, said groove forming means for guid 73 surface of one of said spaced parts, said slot being
2,405,934
7
8
closed at one end thereof and open at its opposite
end for providing an entrance into said slot for
said first mentioned sides of said. safety pins, a
extending downwardly‘ from said open end there
of, and means integral; with the other of said
spaced parts of the holder and positioned over
bench having an ‘upper surface for supporting a
a. part of the upper surface of said bench for
supply of the safety pins, said holder being 5 guiding the pins to said open end of the slot.
mounted with the open end of said slot near
‘ said surface of said bench and with said slot
i
HARRY AIFANDRE.
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