close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Патент USA US2406118

код для вставки
Aug. 20, 1946.
w. A. WHITEHEAD I
2,406,118
COUNTING MECHANISM
-
.
Filed Sept. 16,v 1943
2 Sheets-Sheet 1
Patentecl Aug. 20, 1946
2,406,118
UNITED STATES PATENT omen
COUNTING MECHANISM
William Arnold Whitehead, Preston, England, as;
signor to The Goss PrintingPress Company,
Chicago, Ill., acorporation of Illinois
Application September 16, 1943,‘ Serial No. 502,574:
In Great Britain September 28, 1942
3 Claims.
This invention relates to printing and like ma
chines and more especially to counting mecha
nism therefor.
‘
(CI. 93—93)
2
operation is such that they are moved into posi-‘
tion to stop the “count” copy but do not engage
or effect any of the other copies.
_
It is an object of this invention to provide a
Actuation of the “count” copy stops both into
counting mechanism for‘ printing and like ma 5 and
away from the operative position has neces
chines in which the timing and setting of said
sarily been very fast in order thatthe ?ippers
mechanism is less critical or sensitive than
shall not come into contact with the following
hitherto, thereby simplifying the control. An
copies on the ?y and it has been therefore im
other object of the invention is to ensure identical
portant that the extent of their movement be re
projection of successive “count” copies at all press
duced to a minimum. Further, the setting and
speeds. IA further object of the invention resides
timing of the “count” copy stop actuating mech
in the provision of counting mechanism which
anism has been so highly sensitive that changes
may be set mechanically prior to printing and by
in the speed of the machine often e?‘ect the
which the ?tting of means for carrying the tim
“count” copy projection. Adjusting means for
ing while the press is running is avoided. Still 15 varying the timing of the ?ipper movement while
another object of the invention resides in the
the machine is running have hitherto been em
provision of a counting mechanism ‘by which the
ployed, but constant changing and adjusting of ‘
“count” copies are positively controlled.
'
the ?ipper mechanism, such as in the case of
Other objects of the invention and advantages
machines used to produce two or more publica-'
thereof will be set forth in the following detailed 20 tions having different numbers of copies in‘each
description of one embodiment thereof, reference
count, is troublesome and results in considerable
being made to the annexed drawings.
delay.
:t‘ '
'
In the drawings:
In accordance with theinvention a counting
Fig, 1 is a side elevation of a preferred embodi
mechanism for printing and like machines'com
ment of the invention having a ?ipper arm at 25 prises
a pocket for receiving an edge portion of
each side of the ?y; '
'
~
selected copies carried by the ?y, and means for
‘ Fig. 2 is a similar view of Fig. 1 showing the
actuating said pocket to deposit each selected
?ipper mechanism in a different position;
copy on the conveyor in the desired projected
Fig. 3 is an end elevation of Fig. 1, and
position in relation to preceding copies andfor
Fig. 4 is a plan view of Fig. 1.
30 returning said pocket, out of the path of following
It is customary in printing machines to pro
copies on the ?y, to receive the next selected
vide mechanism operating in association with a
rotary or S ?y to count the copies deposited by
The pocket is preferably located atthe free
CODY.
the ?y on a moving band or conveyor by which
said copies are delivered, for example, to a stacker.
Counting is generally effected by causing selected
‘
'
s end of an arm which is pivotally mounted at its
other end in such a manner that, during opera-' ‘
tion, the movement of the pocket follows a sub
copies, for example, the last copy of each quire,
stantially square or rectangular path which is in
to project beyond copies previously deposited on
a plane transversely of the ?y. This movement,
the conveyor, the extent of projection of the
which‘ may be produced by synchronised cam ac
“count” copy varying between two and six inches. 40 tion, causes the pocket to move downwardly in
When the copies are deposited on the conveyor
timed relation to the speed‘of the ?y to remove
with their folded edges undermost and in contact
a selected or “count” copy therefrom, then lat
with the conveyor, all copies except the “count”
erally
outwardly to release said copy and allow
copy are positioned by ?xed back stops which
the same to drop on to the conveyor, then up
abut the folded edges of successive copies on the 45 wardly over a path which enables it to clear the
?y as the latter rotates and cause said copies to
edges of the following copies on the ?y and?
be deposited on the conveyor at regular intervals,
nally'
inwardly in readiness to receive the next
each copy almost completely overlapping the pre
“count” copy. A guard plate having an aperture
ceding copy. For the purpose of projecting the
through which the pocket ‘projectsgand of such
“count” copy a set of movable stops has been 50 dimensions as to enable the pocket to execute its
employed, the operative faces of these stops be
upward and downward movements, may be pro
ing set forwardly of the back’ stops to an extent
vided adjacent the side of the conveyor to pre
dependent upon the amount of projection re
vent the copies on said conveyor from moving
quired for the “count” copy. These movable
_ laterally as the pocket is swung aside.
stops or ?ippers may be cam-actuated and their
The provision of a single ?ipper’ arm adjacent
. f
_
3
2,406,118
.
ing movement of the shaft 24 and thereby raising
one side of the conveyor will in known manner‘
and lowering of the ?ipper arms 20.
The ?ipper arms Zllare also arranged for lat
eral movement between an inner operative po
sition and an outer inoperative position and to
this end the arms are loosely mounted about the
7 _ cause the “count” copies to be angularly inclined
on the conveyor. If desired, two such arms may
be provided, one at either side of the conveyor, so
that the leading edge of each “count” copy'de
posited on the conveyor is normal to the direc
tion of travel of the conveyor.
7
pins 22. This lateral movement of the ?ippers
‘
is. controlled ‘by’ cam rails 29 secured within an
annular recess 30 formed in the inner side face
?y of conventional form and comprising a plu 10 ‘of,
the cam disc 28, said cam rails co-operating
rality of coaxially aligned, spaced rotatable disc'siT . with
afollower roller 3| mounted in the bifur
I0 each carrying a number ofsangularspaced
~cated end 32 of a rod 33 which is arranged par
arcuate blades l l on its-periphery is located above 7 allel to'the shaft 24 and is supported for axial
the upper run of endless conveyor bands 12 on
.movement within the brackets 23. Secured to
' which the copies :1: are deposited by the ?y for
the rod/33'are two links 34 each of which has a
15
transfer to, for example, a stacker (not shown)‘,
.pin-and-slot connection at 35 with one of the
the conveyor at one end passing‘ around pulley- _ ‘?ipper arms and it will be evident that as the
drums I3 on a drive shaft '14. The ?y is driven
rod is moved axially by the cam rails '29 and fol
from the press at the required speed to receive‘
lowerroller 3|, the flipper arms will be rocked
the copies fed thereto from the folding and sever
about the pins 22. The links 36, as will be seen
ing mechanism and to deposit said copies on the 20 from Fig. 4, are'oppositely arranged aboutv the
conveyor in overlapping relationship; as ‘shown
rod~33 to cause the ?ippers to move laterally 1n
in Fig. 2, and'with their folded edges on‘th'e
wardly and outwardly in unison. A spring 36
conveyor, each almost ‘completely overlying the
coiled about the rod 33 and located between .one
preceding copy. The copies are'normally de
of the brackets 23 and a collar 31 pinned to the
posited on the'conveyor with their folded andcut
rod serves to maintain the roller in engagement
edges‘normal‘ to the direction of travel 'of the
with the cam rail.
‘
'
Referring now to the drawings, a rotary or S
conveyor and for this purpose the folded edges of
Fig. 3 shows the approximately rectangular path
the copies on the ?y are‘ engaged by a pair of
of
movement of each of the pockets 2| during a
?xed stops l5 shown diagrammatically in the
complete cycle of operation of the counting mech-,
drawings and arranged'one at or towards either 30 anism. When the pockets ?rst engage the se
side of the ?y. Thus, as the ?y rotates in ‘the
lected or “count” copy the ?ippers are located
direction indicated by the arrow in Figs. 1 and '2,
as shown in Fig. 1 whichcorresponds to the full
the copies are successively stripped therefrom by
line position in Fig. 3, a little below their upper
the stops l5 and deposited on the conveyor.
35 most position indicated in Fig; 3 at I, and their
. For the purpose of counting the copies'on the
operation is so controlled by the peripheral edge
conveyor, it is usualto position selected copies,
for ‘example, the last copy of each quire,’ in such
manner that theyfcan readily be seen by the‘
pressman, such selected copies being given an
of the cam disc 23 and the follower roller 21 that ,
they are caused'to move downwardly towards the
conveyor I2 in synchronism with ‘the rotary move
ment of a the ?y. During the ?rst part of this.
downward movement of the ‘?ippers the lead
ing edge of the “count” copy on the ?y enters
the pockets 2 I. The rotational movement of the
?y then causes this copy to be strippedfrom‘be
overlap, for example, between two and six inches,
greater'than that of the other copies on the con;
veyor. This positioning of selected or “count”
copies‘ is effected, in accordance with the inven
tion,,by3means of a movable pocket, of which
tween the supporting ?y blades, after ‘which the
?y. for 45 ?ippers, continuing their downward movement,
“coun ”
reach a position where the pockets engage or are
relation
adjacent to the top copy on the conveyor, as. 7
“count”
shown in Fig. 2. It will be seen that in this po
copy’ from the ?y and deposit it on the'conveyor
sition the overlap of the “count” copy, indicated
in the required position, thereafter returning :to
in Fig. 2 at y, is considerably in excess of that
an elevated position in readiness to receive the
of'the other copies on the conveyorbands and
next ‘V‘count” copy. The pocket and its support
that its folded edge is out of contact with the
ing ?ipper are so constructed and actuated that
during the 'down'ward'movem'ent and until the
In order:to release the “count” copy from the
pocket has released the “count” copy, following 55 pockets 2|, the ?ipper arms, on reaching the
copies on the ?y will be unaffected by the ?ip
position shown in Fig. 2, which corresponds to
per/and will be stripped from the ?y by the fixed
position II of Fig. 3, are caused to move laterally
stops I5 in the normal manner; while duringits
outwardly to position III (broken-line position in
upward" or return movementithe pocket and ?ip;v
Fig. 4) by means of the cam rail 29, rod 33 and
60
per will remain clear of the copies on the ?y
links 34. The ?ipper arms are then given a
until the next “count” copy is in position thereon.
vertically upward movement, the inner edges of
,As. embodied,yeach ?ipper comprises an-arm
the pockets clearing the side edges of the copies
207to one end of which is secured a substantially
then on the ?y, to position IV (Fig. 3), this move
U-shaped pocket 2| extendinginwardly towards 65 ment being effected by. the peripheral edge of the
there 'may be' one at either side of the
receiving'the folded leading edge of each
copy and movable downwardly, in timed
with‘the rotation of the '?y, to strip the
0
conveyor.
'
,
‘
.
the adjacent outer ?y disc If].v Each arm 25 is
cam disc 28 and follower roller 21.
attached, as by means of a pin 22, to a bracket
the ?ippers are "moved laterally inwardly until
23 secured to a rock shaft 24 arranged, parallel
to the axis of the, ?y and mounted inbearings
they reach their uppermost inward position, by
Thereafter
which time the copies in the following count, ‘
in the side press frame members 25, one of which 70 for example, a quire,'have been fed by the ?y to
the conveyor and the next “count” copy is in po
is shown in Fig. 4. Also secured to theshaft 24
sition on the ?y to be engaged within the ?ipper
is 'alever 26 which carries at its free'end afol
pockets‘ as the latter move downwardly. The
lower roller 2‘!v riding on a cam disc 28 secured
cycle .of operations as above described is then
for rotation with the conveyor pulley drum shaft
l4. Rotation of the camdisc thus produces rock .75
repeated.
'
'
-
'
s
2,406,118
5
Actuation of the ?ipper arms during the lat
ter part of their downward movement is such as
to position the ?ipper pockets out of the path
of the next following copy on the fly, but it is not
6 .
deposit'the papers in regularly piled arrangement
on said receiver, a rock shaft, a pair of arms ar_
ranged at opposite sides of the path of travel of
the papers and movable upwardly and down
essential that thismovement and the following
wardly by the shaft and pivoted. to the shaft to
laterally outward movement be carried out at a
swing laterally inwardly and outwardly, said arms
speed such that the said following copy does not
having pockets to receive in the uppermost and
contact said arms. The particular construction
.inward lateral positions of the arms a leading
of ?ipper according to this invention is, in fact,
edge portion of a selected paper and to carry said
such that the ?rst one or two copies following a 10 paper downwardly into changed position on said
“count” copy may be supported by the ?ippers
receiver as compared with the position at which
adjacent their side edges’ until said ?ippers have
the other papers are deposited on said receiver,
released. the “count” copy, this'arrangement al
a laterally sliding rod, links coupling the same
lowing for much less critical timing in the oper- '
ation of the ?ippers than has been possible with 15 to the arms to swing the arms laterally, and a
cam device operative on the shaft and rod for
previous constructions. The sides or jaws of the
moving said arms downwardly to remove said
pockets may, as shown, be of unequal length,
selected paper from the delivery means, then
the longer upper jaw ensuring that the copy im
moving the arms laterally outward to release said
mediately following the “count” copy is not en
selected paper from the pockets and deposit it on
gaged within the pocket and the shorter lower
the receiver and to bring the arms laterally clear
jaw facilitating the depositing of the “count”
of the previously deposited copies, and then mov
copy on the conveyor.
ing the arms upwardly and laterally inwardly to
During the laterally outward movement of the
receive leading edge portions of the next selected
?ipper arms, the uppermost copy or copies on the
paper being delivered by the delivery means.
conveyor, the “count” copy and the following
25
2. In a delivery apparatus for papers movable
copy or copies which are supported on the up
downwardly in timed relation, the combination of
per faces of the ?ipper arms are prevented from
moving laterally pf the conveyor as by means of
guide plates 40 secured to the press frame and
located adjacent the side edges of the conveyor.
These guide plates are formed with elongated
slots 4| through which the pockets 2| project, as
is clearly shown in Fig. 4, when the ?ipper arms
are in their laterally inward position.
One of the ?ipper arms of the embodiment de
scribed above may be dispensed with, in which
case one end of the leading edge of the‘ “count”
copy will enter the single pocket provided and
the other end will be arrested by the fixed stop
a receiver, delivery means serving normally to de
posit the papers in regularly piled arrangement
on said receiver, a rock shaft, a pair of arms ar
ranged at opposite sides of the path of travel of
the paper and movable upwardly and downward
ly by the shaft, said arms being pivoted to the ,
shaft to rock therewith and to swing laterally in
wardly and outwardly and having pockets to re-,
ceive in their uppermost and inward lateral po
sitions leading edge portions of a selected paper
and to carry said paper downwardly into changed
l5 at the opposite side of the ?y. ~ With this ar- .
position on said receiver as compared with the
position at which the other papers are deposited
rangement the “count” copy will be deposited on
the conveyor in an angularly offset position rela
on said receiver, a laterally sliding rod, links cou_
pling the arms to the rod for lateral swinging
tive to the other copies thereon,
movements, a, cam device acting on said shaft
and rod for moving said arms downwardly to re
move said copy selected paper from the delivery
_
In the arrangement illustrated the cam 28 is
constructed to produce twoycomplete cycles of
movement of the ?ipper arms for each complete
rotation of the pulley drum shaft I4, being pro
vided with a pair of diametrically opposite cam
means, then moving the arms laterally outward
two diametrically opposite corresponding ?ats
to release said selected paper from the pockets
and deposit it on the receiver, then moving the
arms laterally clear of the previously deposited
papers, and then moving the arms upwardly and
producing the downward food movement of the
pockets. Any other convenient cam arrangement
of the next selected paper being delivered by the
may, however, be employed.
delivery means, and guide plates at opposite sides
rails 29 and having its periphery formed with
'
laterally inwardly to receive leading edge portions
of the path of travel of the papers, said plates
From the foregoing detailed description of one
being apertured to receive the pockets andto per
embodiment thereof, the invention will be seen
to provide positive control of the “count” copy 55 mit upward and downward and lateral move
ments thereof.
'
due to the use of ?ipper pockets; considerably
3. In a delivery apparatus for papers movable
reduced sensitivity of timing and setting, the
downwardly in timed relation, the combination
movement of the ?ipper being slower than‘in
of a receiver, delivery means serving normally to
known mechanisms of this kind, since it does
deposit the papers in regularly piled arrangement
not have to avoid contact with other copies leav
on a receiver, a rock shaft, a pair of arms mov
ing the ?y; identical projection of successive
able upwardly and downwardly by the shaft and ,
“count” copies at all press speeds; and the pos
pivoted to the shaft for inward and outward lat
sibility of setting the ?ippers mechanically prior
eral movements relativeto the path of travel of
to printing. Complicated mechanism such as has
hitherto been necessary for adjustingthe timing 65 the papers, said arms having laterally extending
pocketsto receive in their uppermost and inward
is unnecessary, while the provision of side guide
lateral positions leading edge portions of a select
plates prevents lateral displacement of the copies
ed paper and to carry the paper downwardly into
on the conveyor as a result of the outward move
changed position on said receiver as compared
ment of the ?ippers to release the “count” copy.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters 70 with the position at which the other papers are
deposited on said receiver, a sliding rod arranged
Patent in the United States is:
parallely with the shaft, links coupling the arms
1. In a delivery apparatus for papers movable
. to the rod to move arms laterally, said shaft and
downwardly in timed relation, the combination
rod having end portions arranged adjacent to
of a receiver, delivery means serving normally to 76 each other at one side of the apparatus, and a
$406,118
' 7
‘
single cam operating on said'adiacent end por
tions of the shaft and rod for moving said arms
downwardly to'remove said selected paper from
the'delivery means, then laterally outward to re
laterally clear of the previously deposited papers, 7
and then moving the arms upwardly and later
ally inward to receive a leading edge portion of
the next selected paper being delivered by the
lease said selected paper from the‘ pocket and de -5 delivery means.
WILLIAM
posit it on the receiver, then movingrthe arms
ARNOLD 'WHI'I‘EHEAD. Y
Документ
Категория
Без категории
Просмотров
0
Размер файла
708 Кб
Теги
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа