Патент USA US2406168код для вставки
Aug. 2Q, 1946.. 2,406,168 L. J. sHuMAKl-:R VENTILATv-ING APPARATUS Filed May 5l 1945 2 Sheets-Sheet -l NN u@ vw? \_ __ @N// __mm_f __ n@ muw__ _ _\ / __ N. _ _ _ NN.MN _\ \_\\ \ _/ QN//// __ _ l _l_». l _«vb _l @n _ __ _ _ __ _ @v __ _ o _ .NH ____ ~0m»__. à _mv QN _ _ _ _ _ _î r_ \ __ _ _ Nm.__ \ / __ ___ \\kn _//. .ßNI __n_ _ \ / \ _ _ _uw ._ __ _ _@Nl_ m/NAQ_lw/__n\I\LWN._ _ f __ _ /ON _ [NVA/TOR 3y y. ¿mi? M @Amm Aug. v20€, 1946, L. J. SHUMAKER Y ì VEINTILATING APPARATUS Filed May 5, 1943 ¿466,36 à sheets-sheet 2 _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ Patented Aug. 20, Y1946 " „ ' ` 2,406,168, i UNITI-:D STATES PATENT OFFICEA VENTILATING APPARATUS i Lucky J. Shumaker, Bellevue, Pa., assigner to -H. H. Robertson Company, Pittsburgh, Pa., a corporation of Pennsylvania ,« , , Application May 5, 1943, Serial No. 485,719 ’ 5 Claims. ` 1‘ (Cl. 98-42) ` This invention relates vto Ventilating apparatus. 2 , . liability of emission of light through the ven-` One object of the invention is to provide a tilator from within the ship. Provision is made novel and improved construction of Ventilating for enabling the amount of ventilation ¿to be apparatus which is adapted for general use and controlled and the ventilator to be closed dur particularly for use upon buildings and other 5 ing exceptionally rough weather tov prevent the structures from which it is desired to exhaust air entrance of sea water into the ship through the during black-outs, without permitting light from within the structure to pass outwardly through the ventilator. ventilator. . . ’ ' Referring now to the drawings in which- the different features of the invention have been Afurther and more specific object of the inven- 10 illustrated as embodied in a ship ventilator tion is to provide anovel prefabricated Ventilating adapted to be used instead of the open hatches unit for use as a ship ventilator and whose design and skylights above referred to, the improved is such as to readily adapt it for use in newly ventilator comprises acompletely assembled unit constructed ships, on ships of present construc- ' having a base portion` it rectangular in shape tion, and also on any ships which are now in serv- 15 and provided with flanges i2 around the‘peri’ph ice, and whose construction is such as to enable ery thereof adapted to nt over the usual comb the ventilator to continue in operation while the ing or casing I'4‘ which forms part of the struc ship is in a combat zone Without permitting light ture of the ship’s deck or engine room* and is to emerge through the ventilator. removably secured thereto by bolts or otherwise. With these general objects in view, and such 2o The base Ii! is, in- the illustrated structure, iii-' others as may hereinafter appear, the invention clined upwardly at its sides I5, I6, and the sides» consists in the Ventilating apparatus and in the and vertical ends I'I, I8 terminate inv an elon ship Ventilating system hereinafter described and particularly pointed out in theclaims at the end of this specification. ' In the drawings Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view of the present ventilator forming _a part of gatedy rectangular opening I 9 comprising thel throat ofthe ventilator. The base Io has erected. 25 thereon a suction band 2s of- general rectan gular shape having the sides thereof inclined upwardly and‘terminating in anupstandingÍ por aship Ventilating system and erected vupon the tion which cooperates' with the upper portion of K usual curbing which now projects above the boat the end walls to form a rectangular framewithin deck and upon which the present hatches and 30 which black-out louvers indicated generally >at skylights forming a part of the present ven24: are mounted; as will be described. The suc tilating system now used are mounted; and Fig. tion band 20, louvers 24 and a cap member; 2 is a plan View of the complete Ventilating unit indicated generally at 26 are preferably mounted with portions broken away to illustrate the conupon structural framework erected upon and struction thereof. ` 35 supported by the ventilator base to form a unit> In its broader aspects, the invention contemtherewith. The structural framework for sup plates a novel and superior construction of venporting these parts comprises uprights 21, diag tilator of the stationary type which is designed onals 28, and cap supporting members 29, as to permit eflicient eXhaustionvof air from within clearly illustrated in the drawings. The cap the building, to prevent the entrance of rain 40 member 26 is of a size at least covering the through the ventilator and at the same time to ventilator throat I 9 and is mounted upon the prevent the emission of light through the ventiframework to be spaced a substantial distance lator from within the building, ’Chus enabling from the throat to provide lateral air outlet pas the ventilator to continue in operation during sageways 3D, 3| through which air may readily black-out periods. While the Ventilating appa- 45 pass upwardly from the throat and over the ratus embodying the invention may be used -cap and out through the black-out louvers 2li with advantage for general purposes, the inven- at rthe top ofthe ventilator. ‘ tion is preferably embodied in a ship Ventilating The suction band 20 is spaced a substantial system and the construction and design of the distance from the ventilator throat I 9 to enable Ventilating unit is such as to adapt 'it to be 50 the air to pass from the ventilator throat o_ut readily substituted for the hatches and skylights wardly through the lateral outlet passageways now used as a part of standard ship ventilators, 30, 3|, andv thence upwardly between the cap as will be described, and in addition the conand the suction band and then through the struction is such as to permit the ventilator to black-out louvers 24 at the top of the ventilator. be continued in operation at all times without 55 Inorder to control the exhaustion of the air 62,406,168 3 ' f . A` ! passages 30, 3l are arranged to be closed or par- Y lights, thus destroying the Ventilating system' so that temperatures continue to rise in the engine room. In addition these prior hatches and sky tially closed by damper members 46, 4|, which lights have offered little protection against the ~ I as herein shown are pivoted upon the under sides of the ventilator cap in a position such that whenv swung downwardly the oiîset lower ends thereof rest against the inner sides of the throat 1_9 Vand serve to close the lateral outlet passageways 30, entrance of sea water and as a result in practice have been closed a substantial part ofthe time, thus destroying _the Ventilating system. ' It> will be observed that »the ventilator base may be bolted or welded to the raised curbing above 3|, such position’being indicated in dotted lines the boat deck, permitting removal of the venti l . from within the ship by nie ventilator the ounet in Fig. 1_ In their( elevated positions the lower` „ ' lator and rendering the engine room accessible through a large openingn‘ The base is sloped up ends of the dampers are arranged Vto abut or sub wardly from the curbing to the throat of the'ven stantially abut, to form deñecting members for it passesan upwardly l-r' ’ tìla'tor, and deflecting the air as throat Slope raises the throat 0f the Y ventilator considerably higher than theboat` deck through the ventilator direction andV through the outlet passagewaysV 7.15, lso that if “green water” should wash over the> enter the Y’ventilator 30,»31. The dampers `may be suspended `Yat " deck4 it would not necessarily different angular positions to’ partially,A close," ' throat until it reached a substantial height.V It the outlet openings and thereby control the,l will also be observed that in the present struc amount of ventilation desired. In the embodi 20 ture of ventilator, shouldr rain enter the ventilator invention herein shown, provisionis through the black-out louvers, it is drained from .ment of the l the cap into gutters 86 and theseV gutters 80 spill made for enabling the dampers 40, 4l to be simul taneously .operated by mechanism including `a the water onto the base, and the base due to its slope directs the water through the Aopening be hand operated wheel 50 mounted within the en tween the suction band- and the base, allowing gine room or other portion of the ship immedi 25 ately below the ventilator, and as v_he hand wheel the water to wash onto the ship’s deck. , . isrotated, the rotations'thereof are transmitted , Prior to the present invention the matter `of escape from the engine room has presented sub through the vertical operating shaft 52 and worm' stantial difiiculty during those periods when the and worm wheel, indicated generally at 54, to turn closed.V pinions 56, 51 arranged to mesh with segmental usual skylights and hatches have been y racks'58, 60, one rackbeing mounted upon each 30 Particularly during black-out periods when black has been placed in the damper.V The racks 58, 66, are' held in mesh -with f out louvres and screens thepinions 56, 51 by guide members 64,68 sepa skylights, the methodY of escape was restricted to rated ‘as shown in Fig. 2 and are pivotally mount the intake ventilators. In accordance with the ed on the pinion shaft 59 and provided'with roll present invention, escape hatches 82,V B4 are pro ers for engaging the back of the racks.V ` . Y 'I‘he suction band 20 acts asa wind baille which prevents wind or rain from entering between the' cap 26 andthe base I0. The black-out louvers ' vided at least at one end and preferably at both ends of the ventilator unl and these are dis posed so as tor» permit ready escape Yfrom* `the engine room irrespective as to whether the damp 24 and an adjacent baille 10 prevents light from ers are closed or open. ' Y ' Y A j While the preferred embodiment ofthe inven being emitted from within the ventilator; It willr be observed by reference to Fig. 1 that the black tion has been herein illustrated and described, ,it will be understood that the invention'may vbe em out'l louvers24 vcomprise a series of baffles bent into angular shape, as shown, witha small ver bodied in YotherA forms within the scope of the tical section 12 at the top. This vertical section following claims. Y ' f f Having thus described the invention, what is 12 is so designed that if air passes in any direc- tion across the top of the’ventilato'r it does not retard the exhaust air.' Therefore, if a ship were’ 1. A ventilatin unit comprising a base pro vided with an opening forming the VventilatorV travelling in the >same direction as the wind, the angle bañies 24’would not act as a scoop and force 50 throat, a ventilator cap supported a substantial the air down into the ventilator?but would permit distance above the ventilator throat providing the air to pass freely across the top of the venti lateral air exhaust openings between it and the lator, creating a suction action. The baffle >10 ventilator base, said ventilator cap having side consists of a flat piece of metal or other material portions projecting outwardly beyond the open extending the full length of the ventilators, and ing of said ventilator throat, opposed dampers it `functions to prevent >light from the 'right side 55, having one of their side edges pivotally mounted at the side edge portions of said cap and ar of the ventilator entering the'left side of :the black-out louver and also to prevent lightV from ranged to- swing outwardly into a position .to the left side of the ventilator from entering the close’said openings and inwardly until the op posite edges thereof are in substantially abutting right side of the black-out louver. ' ' ‘ ' The bañie 10, cap 26, ventilator throat I9 and 60 position to form deflectors for the air emerging from said throat, said dampers extending up-Y black-out louvers 24 are spaced with relation' to one another so as to insure that any light emerg wardly and outwardly in opposite directions from ing through the throat from within the ship or their substantially abutting edges and operatingY other structure is reflected three ytimes before to prevent'entrapment of the outgoing air under emerging from the top of the ventilator, and it 65 the ventilator cap, and a suction band mounted has been found that such an arrangement insures upon the base and surrounding >said cap and the desired-black-oun'thus permitting the ship spaced a substantial distance therefrom to form to operate incombat Zones without the neces an‘air passage communicating with said lateral sity ofclosing the ventilatingrsystem. Hereto air- exhaust openings, said band extending above fore the hatches or; operating skylights,~ which 70 the capand below said ventilator throat, and . have been hinged upon the deck curbing '|4, per terminating at its upper end in an opening. ‘ Amitted'light to emerge from these hatches or sky 2. A Ventilating unit Vcomprising a base 'pro lights when opened, thus rendering .the ship> a vided with an opening forming the ventilator target for Venemy action. Consequently it has throat, a ventilator cap supported a> substantial been the practice'to closer the hatches and‘sky 75 claimed is: ' Y 1 » - 2,406,168 distance above the ventilator throat providing lateral air exhaust openings between it and the ventilator base, said ventilator cap having side ing, a rectangular shaped suction band mounted upon said base and having its upper end open portions projecting outwardly beyond the open and provided with black-out louvers, a ventilator ing of said ventilator throat, opposed dampers cap within the suction band and disposed a sub having one of their side edges hingedly con stantial distance above the ventilator throat, said ventilator cap having side portions projecting out wardly beyond the opening of said ventilator throat, dampers hinged at their upper ends at »the nected to an edge portion of said lcap and ar ranged to swing outwardly into a position to close said openings and inwardly until the oppo side edge portions of the cap and arranged to site edges thereof are in substantially abutting position to form deflectors for the air emerging 10 be swung inwardly from their closed to their open positions, the free ends of the dampers terminat from said throat, said dampers extending up ing at a point above the mid portion of the ven wardly and outwardly in opposite directions from tilator throat when the dampers are in their their abutting edges and operating to prevent en fully open positions and providing de?lecting sur trapment of the outgoing air under the venti lator cap, a suction band mounted upon the 15 faces extending upwardly and outwardly from base and surrounding said cap and spaced a sub above the mid portion of the ventilator throat toward the side edges of the cap, whereby to stantial distance therefrom to form an air pas assist in the outward movement of the air sage communicating with said lateral air exhaust through the space between the cap and the sides openings, said band extending above the cap and below said ventilator throat, and terminating at 20 of the throat and to prevent entrapment of out going air under the cap, operating mechanism for its upper end in an opening, and a series of actuating said dampers, said operating mecha blackout louvers in said opening shaped to pre nism extending down into the ship, and a bail‘le vent the emission of light from Within the venti member projecting upwardly from said cap and lator base through said opening while permit 25 cooperating with said black-out louvers, ting passage of air therethrough. louvers, bali‘le, cap and throat being arranged to 3. In a Ventilating system for a ship having a insure reñection of any light emerging from the deck, a curbing projecting upwardly from the deck and surrounding an opening in the deck throat at least three times before the same passes outwardly from the ventilator through- said leading to within the ship, a Ventilating unit re ' ‘ movably erected upOn said curbing forming a clo 30 louvers. 5. A Ventilating unit comprising, a base pro sure for said opening, said Ventilating unit com vided with an opening forming the ventilator prising a stationary ventilator having a rectangu lar shaped base including portions inclined up wardly and inwardly and terminating in spaced relation to form a rectangular opening forming 35' the ventilator throat, said ventilator throat being disposed a substantial distance above said curb ing, a rectangular shaped suction band mounted upon said base and having its upper end open, a ventilator cap within the suction band and 40 disposed a substantial distance above the venti the open upper end of the suction band, a series lator throat, said ventilator cap having side por tions projecting outwardly beyond the opening of longitudinally straight black-out louvers of said ventilator throat, dampers hinged at their gc. Cal mounted upon the suction band within the open upper ends at the side edge portions of the cap ' upper end thereof, each of said black-out louvers and arranged to be swung inwardly from their closed to their open positions, the free ends of the dampers terminating at a point above the mid portion of the ventilator throat when the 50 dampers are in their fully open positions and providing deiiecting surfaces extending upwardly tion and relatively angularly disposed leg por tions providing a section which is V-shaped in and outwardly from above the mid portion of the cross section with the legs of the V diverging rela ventilator throat toward the side edges of the cap, whereby to assist in the outward movement 55 tive to the horizontal, said louvers being spaced so that the apex of the V-shaped section of one of the air through the space between the `cap and the sides of the throat and to prevent entrap louver extends at least partially into the opening ment of outgoing air under the cap, and oper of the V-shaped section of an adjacent louver, ating mechanism for actuating said dampers, said cap including portions projecting outwardly beyond a line connecting the side of the throat said operating mechanism extending down into the ship. 60 and the side of the louver opening for causing 4. In a Ventilating system for a ship having a light passing outwardly from the throat to‘be deck, a curbing projecting upwardly from the reñected from the underside'of the top walls of Y deck and surrounding an opening in the deck leading to within the ship, a Ventilating unit re said Ventilating unit the suction band before passing outwardly through the louvers so as to insure that light 65 emerging through said throat is reilected at least three times before emerging through the upper comprising a stationary ventilator having a rec end of the ventilator, and damper means dis tangular shaped base including portions inclined _ and Ventilator throat arranged to form a water-tight closure therebe upwardly and inwardly and terminating in spaced relation to form a rectangular opening forming 70 tween when said damper means is in closed po sition. the ventilator throat, said ventilator throat being disposed a substantial distance above said curb LUCKY J. SHUMAKER.