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Патент USA US2406176

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Aug- 20, 1946.
Filed Jan. 21, 1943
5 Sheets-Sheet '1
ffa'bqj" Ulla-111m 031944-61
Aug. 20, 1946»
Filed Jan. 21, 1945
5 Sheets-Sheet 3
1." m2 \1
?rm wan.» v3.7a‘;
04 . sawgémcm
Aug» 20-, 1946.
Filed Jan. 21, 1945
‘1 g ‘\‘l
cm ‘1
5 Sheets-Sheet 4
KM MAM m1,“
$5 3! BY Asem? cLMmQ
Aug. 2%, 1945,
Filed Jan. 21, 1945
5 Sheets-Sheet 5
594,.» mm“ rw?l,
Patented Aug. 20, 1946
Robert William Vergobbi, Quincy, Mass., assignor
to Pneumatic Scale Corporation, Limited,
Quincy, Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts
Application January 21, 1943, Serial No. 473,092
6 Claims. (01. 198-33)
plurality of adjacent elongated rows upon con
veyer belts, without discrimination as to whether
The invention has for an object to provide
the bullets point forward or backward. The bul
novel and improved bullet handling apparatus
lets thus being fed are then presented to an ori
which is adapted to release bullets from a bulk 5 enting device arranged to cause the bullets to
supply thereof, in which they are haphazardly
assume a position in which they all point in the
or indiscriminately stored, and to cause the bul
same direction and provision is made for deliver
lets to assume an orderly and uniform arrange
ing the orientated bullets, by a chute, into a palet
ment in a simple, positive and expeditious man
comprising a studded tray for supporting the
ner, whereby to dispose the bullets in a position 10 bullets in a uniformly arranged and compact
such as to facilitate the packing thereof.
group. The bullets thus arranged may be readily
With this general object in view, and such
and conveniently transferred into a cartonv or
others as may hereinafter appear, the invention
other container in which they are to be packed
t'i‘his'invention relates to bullet handling appa
ra us.
consists in the bullet handling apparatus and in
by merely inverting the group of bullets into the
the various structures, arrangements and combi 15 container.
nations of parts hereinafter described and partic
ularly de?ned in the claims at the end of this
Referring now to the drawings, which as above
stated illustrate the preferred embodiment of the
invention, It) represents a hopper into which‘ a
In the drawings illustrating the preferred em~
bulk supply of the bullets are deposited. The
bodiment of the invention, Fig. 1 is a side eleva 20 hopper is provided with a sloping bottom plate “I
tion of apparatus for feeding and arranging bul
which serves to divert the ?ow of bullets into an
lets embodying the present invention; Fig. 2 is a
offset portion [6, at the lower end of which is dis
side elevation in cross section of the bullet sup
posed the bullet feeding or releasing mechanism
ply hopper and withdrawing mechanism to be
indicated generally at l8. An adjustable plate 20
referred to; Fig. 3 is an enlarged plan view, part 25 may be attached to an intermediate wall 22 of the
ly in cross section, as viewed from the line 3-3
hopper, as shown, in order to control the flow of
of Fig. 2; Fig. 4 is an enlarged side elevation in
the bullets into the releasing mechanism. The
cross section taken on the line 4-4 of Fig. 5 of a
offset portion I6 of the hopper is preferably open
detail to be referred to; Fig. 5 is a view in cross
section taken on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4; Fig. 6 is a ‘
at the top so as to enable the operator to ob
serve the progress of the bullets as they pass
perspective view illustrating the driving mecha
into the releasing mechanism I 8 and to render
the mechanism easily accessible.
The bullet feeding or releasing mechanism I8
as best shown in Figs. 2 and 3, comprises a plu
rality of pairs of opposed semi-spherically
grooved or channeled wheels 24, 26, each pair
nism of the present apparatus; Fig. 7 is a plan
view of the delivery end of the apparatus, some
of the parts being broken away to more clearly
illustrate the invention; Fig. 8 is a side elevation (
in cross section taken on the line 8—8 of Fig. 7;
having their peripheral edges in substantially
Figs. 9 and 10 are enlarged detail views in cross
contiguous engagement so that the semi-spheri
section taken on the lines 9-9 and I 0-H! re
spectively of Fig. 8; Fig. 11 is an enlarged detail
cal or concave grooves 28 of each pair of wheels
view in cross section to be referred to; and Fig. 40 cooperate to form a substantially circular open
12 is a plan view of the supporting member,
ing 30 at the point of tangency through which
shown in Fig. 8, into which the bullets are de
a bullet may pass in a longitudinal direction. The
livered as will hereinafter be more fully described.
opposed wheels 24, 26 are mounted upon shafts
The present invention contemplates apparatus
32, 34 respectively which are journaled in suitable
for feeding and orienting elongated conical or ta
45 hearings in side frames 36, 38, the latter forming
pered articles, such as bullets, which is prefer
the side walls of the hopper as shown. The side
ably arranged to deliver the articles in a uniform
arrangement to a supporting tray from which
a supply hopper, in which a bulk supply of the
frames 36, 38 are mounted upon the platen 40
of the machine frame which is in turn supported
upon legs 42.
Provision is made for rotating the opposed
wheels 24, 26 and, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 3,
the shafts 32, 34 are geared together to be simul
haphazardly arranged bullets are stored, having
mechanism associated therewith for withdraw
taneously driven in opposed directions by gears
44, 46. The shaft 34 is provided at one end with
they may be conveniently and readily transferred,
into a carton or other container to be packed,- for
shipment. ‘In general, the apparatus comprises
ing the bullets to present them end to end in a 55 a sprocket 48 which is connected by a chain 50
to a sprocket 52, see Fig. 6, fast on a drive shaft
54 which may be driven through connections
from the motor 56 as will be hereinafter de
scribed. It will be observed that the sprocket 48
is loosely mounted on the shaft 34 and is ar
ranged to drive -' the wheels 24, 26 through a
into the spherical openings 30 formed between
opposed pairs of wheels, bent piecesrof spring
wire 80 are secured at suitable spaced intervals
in the grooves 20 of one set of wheels 24. In op
eration, the, spring members 80 yieldingly press
against and gently raise those bullets which ap
proach the opening 30 in an improper position
so as to enable themcto become vagitated with
spring-pressed friction clutch unit indicated at
58 which is capable. of slipping to prevent‘ dam
the mass until they assume a vertical position.
age to the operating parts in the ‘event of a jam.
Provision is also preferably made for adjusting 10 For example, if two bullets coming down opposed
grooves 26 meet above the opening 30 so that
the shaft 32 axially with relation to the shaft 34
further progress is impeded, the spring member
in order to accurately position the opposed’ wheels
80 will effect separation thereof, lifting one up-v
with relation to each other and, as herein shown,
wardly and. permitting the remaining bullet to
the shaft 32 is journaled in slide blocks. 60: capaa
ble of being adjusted in slide bearings 64 by 15 fall through‘. ' Also, in' the event that a pair of
bullets should‘ become hooked together by the
threaded hand wheels 66' and rods 68. Stop
screws 10 provided in the ends of the slide bear- _
ings serve to limit the forward movement of the
slide blocks so as to present the wheels 24 in co
grooved portions; adjacent their ?ring ends: the
gentle raising movement effected by the springs
80 will tend to yieldingly lift the pair upwardly
20 to enable them to become disengaged in the mass,
operative engagement with the wheels 26.
thus-avoiding blocking“ of the opening‘ 30 and
As indicated? bythe arrows in Fig. 2, the op
clearing a path for subsequent properly posi
posed‘ grooved wheels 20,- 26‘ are rotated" in a di
tioned bullets .t'ofall through.
rection opposite to the direction of movement of
From the description thus, far it will be ob
the bullets therebetween so as to tend to lift the
mass of’ bullets upwardly and to keep them in 25 served that the' present feeding or releasing
mechanism is operative to release elongated‘ cy
motion until they assume a vertical‘ position in
lindrical objects such as bullets, either of the
alignment‘ with the circular openings 30 where
tapered or conical‘ formv or those bullets which
upon'such- bullets fall through, the openings by
are-of substantially uniform'cross section through
gravity. In order to- assist the bullets to assume
Q the proper position to. enable them‘ to fall‘ through 30
out‘ their-length.
the’ openings 303111 a. longitudinal direction, pro
vision is'made for agitating‘ and guiding the mass
of bullets during the rotation of the wheels 24,
26. As" herein: shown, eccentric members ‘I2, 13
After the bullets pass through the’ openings
30; provision is madefor guiding them from their
vertical position into a- horizontal position and
to transfer them onto horizontally disposed feed
in operation, those bullets adjacent the openings
30 which. are in a Substantially vertical posi
frames 36,. 38.» respectively. The bracket 86 is re
tained; in operative-position with respect to the
tion are free tofall by gravity through such open
ings tobe separated from the mass of bullets in
the;.hopper. The second group of eccentricmem
wheels 26' by an arm. 94 connected at one end to
a, lug. 96. at the rear of the bracket 86 and con
nected at its. other end to a stud QS-journaled in
are provided between alternate wheels of each 35 belts 82 and as’ herein shown,- this is accom
plished by a guide member 84, The guide mem
group or set of wheels .26, 2,6 and as’best shown
ber, as herein shown,~comprises' a curved. plate
in Figs; 2" and 3, theieccentric members 12 mount
supported substantially concentrically to the. set
edibetween alternate wheelsof one set, 24, pass
of wheels 26 and down which the bullets slide
between’ spaces ‘I4 formed between the opposing
set‘ 26'. Each- eccentric member 12 is provided 40 end to’ endv after-passing through the openings
30. During'their travel down the plate the, bul
with a plurality of high points, herein shown as
lets are supported’ laterally between the grooves
three, and successive eccentric members are also
or channels 28" of their respective wheels 26.
preferably set back or fanned. out with relation
The bullets thus being fed' in their axially aligned
to each other around the circumference of the
position slide onto their individual belts 62 upon
wheels, as clearly'illustrated in Fig. 2, so that in
which they are carried fowardly end, to end in
operation,.' as successive high points of the ec
single ?le but without discrimination as to which
centrics-rotate upwardly‘ through the'mass of bul
end of a bullet. comprisesv the forward end.
lets,they operate to progressively agitate the mass
As herein‘ shown, the-guide plate 813v is attached
and tend‘ to‘ lift-1 those-‘bullets which are hori
to- a; supporting‘ bracket 86 provided with arms 88
zontally disposed "in the hopper tov cause them to
mounted on studs‘90»,r92 extending, from the side
assume a substantially-‘vertical position. Thus,
bers 'I'3‘are similarly disposed between alternate
a bearing-bracket I00 attached to the platen 40.
wheels of theset 26 mounted on the shaft 36 ex
With this construction it will vbe seen that no
cept. that the members 13 are disposed between
relativemovement of the-parts is permitted when
combs .orrakes to comb through the mass of bul
l'ets'andi to guide‘ them into the grooves 28 in
a longitudinal position so that they may pass
-98"mayA be Withdrawn; The arm 94 is thus re,
leased? sov that the supporting bracket: 86 may be
different alternate wheels to enable them to pass 60 assembled inoperative position, as shown. How
ever, provision is made for quickly and easily
between. the spaces formed between the oppos
moving the: guide plate out of its operative posi
ing setiof: wheels 24' as clearly shown in Fig. 3.
tion- in the event of a jam. As herein illustrated,
Allv of the wheels, and the eccentrics disposed
the stud 98. is, detachably retained in the bracket
therebetween'are' adjustably mounted with re
lation to each-other, being held in assembled 65 I00 by a curved spring member I02 which is
mounted to yieldingly press into a groove I03
relation by' elongatedbolts '36 which pass through
formed in the stud 98lso- as to prevent withdrawal
slotted openings 76 formed in the wheels and
thereof. In operation, the set of Wheels 24 is
the‘ eccentrics; as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. VI/‘ith
?rst moved back out of the way by’ turning the
this construction it will be seen that in the op
eration of the’ machine, the eccentrics/act as 70 hand wheels~ 66 and then by‘ manually- pressing
through the openings 30;
In order to further assist‘ in guiding the bullets 75.5
theqspring I02 out of the groove I 63, ,the- stud
rocked‘ backwardly- on; its pivots 90, 9.2. out of its
operative position.
As clearly shown in Fig. 5, the upper portion of
the guide plate 04 is shaped in the form of a plu
rality of ?ngers I04 having slots. I06 formed
therein for the passage of the bent wire spring
members 60, the spaces I08 between the ?ngers
I04 providing clearance for the eccentric disks
12, 13. The plate supporting bracket 86 is also
provided with slots for passage of the eccentric
disks as are the front wall II4 of the hopper and
the bottom plate I4, as shown in Fig. 2.
The individual belts 82 upon which the bullets
are carried forwardly in single ?le and arranged
end to end, run over pulleys H6, H8 and across
a guide plate I20 supported upon brackets I22 at
tached to the platen 40. The idler pulley H6 is
carried on a shaft, I24 supported between arms
I26 of a bracket I28 depending from the under
through into the orienting device at the proper
In order to hold back the remainder of each
line of bullets so that only the foremost thereof
passes into the orienting device, a second trans
verse bar I12 is provided which is also slidingly
mounted in the side brackets I46, I48. The
transverse bar I12 is provided with a plurality
of depending ?at springs I14 arranged to extend
into the guideways I44 and the bar I12 is ar
ranged to be moved to the left, viewing Fig. 9, by
a spring I16 to dispose the ?at springs in sock
ets I11 cut in the upstanding rails I36, as illus
trated, to permit the bullets to pass. A stop
15 screw I13 is provided to limit the movement of
the bar I12 to the left, and movement in the op- '
posite direction, which is effected by a cam I80,
side of the guide plate I20, and may be provided
will cause the ?at springs I14 to be yieldingly
with grooved portions I30, as shown, to permit
pressed against the side of their adjacent bul
passage of the eccentric disks 13 th'erethrough. 20 lets to hold the rows stationary. The cam I80
The driven pulley H8 is mounted fast upon the
drive shaft 54 and is formed integrally with the
is mounted on the cam shaft I 56 and is arranged
to cooperate with a roller I82 carried by one arm
orienting device, indicated generally at I32. The
I84 of a two armed lever, the second arm I86 of
orienting device comprises a plurality of spaced
which is connected by a link I88 to an arm I90
circular disks I34 between which the individual 25 on the lower end of a vertical sh'aft I92. The
bullets are received and carried up to permit
upper end of the shaft I92 carries an arm I94
them to swing around so that each bullet will
arranged to engage one end of the bar I12 to
point downwardly, as will be hereinafter more
fully described.
effect movement thereof to the right viewing
Fig. 9.
The bullets are guided on the belts 82 between
The cams I54, I80 are designed so that in the
operation of the device, when the bar I42 is
moved to release the foremost bullets in each
a transparent top or cover I38 whereby to enable
line, the bar I12 is moved to hold back the re
the progress of the bullets to be observed and to
mainder of each line, and after the foremost
enclose the guideways to prevent foreign matter 35 bullets have passed into the orienting device, the
from entering therein.
bar I 42 is again moved to move the ?ngers I40
Provision is made for stopping each line of
into alignment with the guideways I44 and the
bullets and for releasing the foremost bullet in
bar I12 is moved to release the lines of bullets
rails I36 upstanding from the guide plate I20
which may and preferably will be provided with
each line so as to permit all of the foremost bul
and to permit a succeeding group of foremost
lets of the several lines to enter the orienting 40 bullets to be advanced on the continuously mov
device simultaneously while the remainder of
ing belts 82 to engage the ?ngers I40 in readi
each line is held back, and as herein shown, a
ness for a succeeding cycle of operation of the
timing and releasing device, indicated generally
at I39 is arranged to release successive trans
When starting the machine, in order to assure
verse rows of bullets periodically so as to permit
orderly arrangement thereof when they are dis~
charged from the orienting device, as will be
hereinafter described. The bullets are advanced
along their respective belts until the fore
most bullet in each line comes to rest against an
individual stop ?nger I40 carried by and depend
ing from a transverse bar I42 arranged to be
moved into and out of alignment with the bullets
in the guideways I44. As herein shown, the
transverse bar I 42 is slidingly mounted in side
brackets I46, I48 attached to the forward end of
‘the guide plate 34. A spring I50 is arranged to
move the transverse bar in one direction to align
the ?ngers I40 with their respective guideways
I44, the bar being adjustably limited in its move
ment in this direction by a stop screw I52.
bar I42 is arranged to be intermittently moved
in the opposite direction, to permit the bullets
to pass, by connections including a cam I54
mounted on a cam shaft I56 and which is ar
ranged to cooperate with a roller I58 carried by
one arm I60 of a bell crank, as best shown in Fig.
6. The bell crank is pivotally mounted on a cross
shaft I62 and the second arm I63 thereof is con
nected by a link I64 to a lever I66 carried at ~
the lower end of a vertically mounted shaft I68.
The upper end of the shaft I68 carries an arm
I10 arranged to engage one end of the trans
verse bar I 24 to effect movement of the bar to the
left, viewing Fig. 10, to permit thebullets to pass
- that each‘ guideway or reservoir I44 is supplied
with a su?icient number of bullets to begin oper
ation, provision is made for rendering the bar
I12 ineffective to release any bullets until all
the guideways have been provided with bullets
from the releasing device. As herein shown, a
manually operated latch I06, pivotally mounted
at I90 in the side bracket I 46, is arranged to be
manually rocked to the right, viewing Fig. 9 to
the position illustrated in dotted lines therein, in
which position the latch I96 will engage a stop
member 200 provided on the bar I12 in order to
hold the bar back against the tension of the
spring I16. Thus, the ?at springs I14 are held
in position to engage and hold the lines of bullets
as they are delivered from the releasing device,
and when a sumcient number of bullets have
been supplied to start operation, as may be ob
served through the transparent cover I38, the
latch I96 is rocked back out of the way to per
mit normal operation of the device, as above de
From the description thus far it will be ob
served that a transverse row of bullets compris
ing the foremost bullets in each line thereof is
periodically released into the orienting device
I32 and that when the bullets arrive at the
orienting device they may be pointed head ?rst
or tail ?rst according to the position in which
they were released from the feeding device I8, as
above described. The orienting device I32 'is
‘10118 cycle 'of zoperation #to :?ll one row-of #the
:designed ;to .,-receive the conical Vishapedqbullets
between the spaced disks I34 as the bullets are
lpalletpherein shown as ~the~top ‘row, the chute
advanced upon the belts :82; see Fig.8. Those
‘bullets which arrive in such position with the
'aposition to ?ll an adjacent row during the-next
'is'moVedto present the'delivery‘end-thereoi into
smaller end or head in advance are engaged
vcycle of operation until, in the illustrated. device,
zby'the spaced fdisks 134 at ,rsucha pointthat as
they are thus carried up between the rotating
ndiskssthe unbalanced weight of the head or pellet
;.end'of the-,bulleticauses it .to rotate into a ‘ver
ually moved bytheoperator into proper position
vthe~?ve rows are‘?lled, whereupon the delivery
endof the chute isiautomatically raised “to ?ll
thetop row of a succeeding pallet which is :man
.tical._position, asshow‘n in Fig. 11. Those-bullets 1O in the guideway 26%. ‘As illustrated inFig. '8,
the-upper portion of the chute'2?2 is :secured to
arriving with {the ?ring end or tail portion
a ?attened portion 228 of across/shaft :230.rock
.?rstzare-liftedlupby the widened portion ‘of the
ingly mounted in-opposed arms-2 ll of the bracket
.disks, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 8, until
.2t6and the lower portion of~the chute is con
:the edges of the disks engage‘the conical sides
-,of.th_e:bu1let-a_s abovedescribedso that when the :15 nected by a vlink .232 to one varm 23:4 of a~tcam
lever, ‘see vFig. ~6, pivotally :mounted on 'a ¢oross
bullets arrive at the discharging side of the
shaft 1236. The second arm1238'of the'camlever
orientingdevice, theyall point in the sameldirec
rtiongthat is, head or pellet enddown.
vWhenthe bullets arriveatfthe discharge side
:of the disks I34, they are arranged to be .dis:charged into individual V-shaped groove mem
{hers 3020f a chute 2% arranged to ,projectdnto
a position to pick off the bullets and to guide
ztherbullets into selected rows of a pallet ,com
prising .a studded tray 295, supported :upon an
carries a roller .24"! ‘which-cooperates withacam
‘242 mounted fast on a-slowly rotating cam shaft
2M. vA spring 225 -may :be provided to hold the
roller (2% against its cam. ‘As shown in Figs. '1
vand-oythe ca-m 2421s provided z-vvith'?veprog-res
"sivelyiincreased cam ‘surfaces, and, the ‘cam is
driven in timed relation to the release of the
25 ‘bullets into rthe ‘chute 262 so vthat-each time-a
rangularly, disposed guide bracket'Z G8. The pallets
:may the manually placed and ‘moved upon the
:supportingbracket. :In‘order to-assist those bul
lets which are slow in turning into a vertical
position ‘as they ;are .carried between the disks
1134, :and -;to assure that-each bullet is rotated
»to .a position .such as to enable the chute 204
to remove it :in the proper position, -a brush
:2 t9; isgprovided'which: is arranged‘to brush against
the upper ends :of :the bullets as :they pass Ithe
tbrush,=as illustrated. The :brush :is carried byea
stationary janglemember '2l2 secured to an ex
:tended portion (21,4 of the bracket 2E5 in which
':the:shaft Ellis :journa'lled. The'brush is posi
vrow of bullets is delivered to‘thepallet, the chute
is :moved ardistance corresponding to one row .
until the .last row vis "?lled whereupon a .sharpv
drop in the cam surface operates to raise :the
chute into a ‘position to fill the top :row of a
succeeding pallet. An-upperguideplate 2&8 may
be provided onithe chute adjacent the point of
the >V-shaped
grooves change from an angular to -a straight
r positiomas shown,in order'to-prevent'therela
tively swiftly traveling bullets vfrom being ~di
verted out of the chuteat this point.
As above stated, the macliine'may ‘be driven
through connections from a motor ~56 and, as
tioned-at- an‘ angle, as sh0wn,_to engage the-bullets
shown ‘herein, the motor is connected'by'arbelt
iustrbefore they arrive at-the point of discharge
non the :downwardly ‘traveling side of the disks
B4. In this manner, a substantially vertical
254 and which is arranged “to ‘be engaged and
disengaged in 'drivingre'lation to the shaft 254
position-of the bullets-is assuredwhen they-arrive
atrthepoint rof discharge, and also any slight
frictional ‘resistance of the bullet :against the
sides of the :disks2l34 ‘may be overcome'to enable
the ‘bullets ‘ to turn .freely: into the :position “shown
'iniFig. 8.
,As' shown in
12,-the pallet ' 2 65 comprises a
ibase portion 218 and a plurality ‘of :short pales
‘259 to a :clutch pulley v252 ;mounted on a'lsha’ft
by connections including a clutch‘handle 256 as
clearlyshown in Figs. 1 and 16. The shaft 254
.is provided with a ‘pinion ‘258 ‘meshing *Willh a
gear 250 on an intermediate-shaft1262 and‘the
latter shaft isprovided-with a pinion v264 coop
erating with a “gear266 fast .on ‘the cam :shaft
“56. The driving mechanism irom‘the camshaft
£55 to the pulley and orienting disk 54 includes
or ‘studs "22!) :upstanding therefrom to form a
a pinion 268 on the shaf ‘I56, a gear 210 :on
:plurality 70f equally spaced rows thereof. The
rspacesor sockets "222 formed between four adja
reries of adjacent bullets supported thereby ‘are
'anlinterme'diate :shaft 212, and ‘a “sprocket ‘2T4
connectedby 1a :chainZlB ‘to arsprocket 218 fast
onthe shaft '54. The slower moving ‘cam shaft
‘244 ‘is provided with {a large gear 283 which
meshes'tvith Zthegear 219 on the shaft 2l2,'the
pinion 2E8 completing the-train to drive the shaft
substantially in . contact with - each other ‘whereby
.244 ‘at a ratio of five to one for the purpose
=centl¢studs ‘229 are proportioned to receive the '
ibulletscand to support them in a substantially
=.vertical position, head down so-that'the periph
to "form -a compact ‘and uniform arrangement
:thereof'suitable for'packaging.
:As’herein shown, the chute 232 is cut out to
‘provide a plurality of i?ngers 224 extending into
the spaces 226 ‘formed between adjacent disks
»|V34,lan'd the V~shaped grooves 262 are arranged
to converge downwardly as illustrated to guide
the :bullets into adjacent spaces 222 'o'frthe pallet
206; It will be observed that the number of
bullets released into the chute .202 per cycle of
operation of ‘the ‘machine, herein shown as :ten,
preferably:correspondsto the number of spaces
22,6 inpnetransverse row of the pallet. In order
:to successively ~?ll adjacent grows of the pallet,
provision ‘is ‘made ‘for automatically "moving the
' adelivery-endofgthe chute so ‘.thatlupomcompleting ;
described. '
'In practice, when a pallet is ‘?lled, the oper
ator may take a carton or other container ‘in
one hand and ‘place it .in an inverted position
on top of the bullets in the ,palletfheld in the
other hand, and by simply inverting. the :mem
bers, lthecbullets may upon removal of thepallet
be ‘transferred intothe container ‘in the desired
position. Although this operation :has been de
scribedas being manually effected, :itis appre
ciated that the pallets may‘be moved into po
'I'o recapitulate, in the operation of the ma
chine, the vbullets in :the supply hopper vIt are
selectively released therefrom ‘by the releasing
:mechanism .438 :to present .the ibullets
9 .
dinal rows, end to end, in the guideways I44 with
out discrimination as to whether the bullets point
forwardly or backwardly. The lines of bullets
thus being advanced on the continuously moving
belts 82 are brought to rest by the timing and
releasing mechanism I39 which is adapted to re
belt for feeding tapered bullets end to end in an
elongated row without discrimination as to
whether their larger or smaller diameter ends are
lease a transverse row comprising the foremost
being fed on the belts are engaged at a point
spaced from a vertical line passing through the
bullet in each line, into the orienting device I32.
As the bullets are carried around between the
directed forwardly or rearwardly, and an orient
ing device comprising spaced rotary disks between
which said‘belt passes and by which the bullets
center of said disks, said disks having periph
disks I34 of the orienting device they are 10 eral grooves on their inner faces forming a wid
caused to rotate into a substantially vertical po
ened portion therebetween, those bullets being
sition with the heavier or pellet end of each
fed with their smaller diameter ends foremost
bullet pointing downwardly. The bullets are then
passing between said disks to be engaged along
discharged from the orienting device in their
their tapering sides by adjacent edges of the disks
to permit swiveling of the bullets as they are
ranged to guide the bullets into a pallet having
carried therebetween to dispose the smaller di
provision for supporting a plurality of adjacent
ameter ends downwardly, and those bullets be
rows of bullets. During each cycle of operation
ing fed with their larger diameter ends foremost
one row of bullets is fed into the pallet and upon
being engaged by said widened portion and in
delivery of one such row the delivery end of the 20 cooperation with the advancing movement of the
chute 202 is moved to present it into alignment
belt effecting lifting of the larger diameter ends
with the next adjacent row in the pallet until
until the tapered sides of the bullets are engaged
the last row is ?lled. The operator then positions
by the adjacent edges of the disks to permit sim
an empty pallet in operative position and the
ilar swiveling movement, and a delivery chute dis
operations of the machine are repeated.
posed on the opposite side of said spaced disks
From the above description it will be observed
and having a plurality of ?ngers extended be
that the present apparatus is particularly adapt
tween the disks disposed to cause the bullets to
ed for handling elongated tapered articles such
be discharged with their smaller ends foremost.
as bullets in a simple and expeditious manner to
4. In a bullet handling machine, the combina
cause them to assume a uniform and compact 30 tion with means including an endless horizon_
arrangement to facilitate the packing thereof.
tally disposed conveyer for feeding bullets in ad
While the preferred embodiment of the inven
jacent longitudinal rows end to end without dis
tion has been herein illustrated and described, it
crimination as to whether the pellet ends point
will be understood that the invention may be
forwardly or rearwardly, of orienting mechanism
embodied in other forms within the scope of the ‘ comprising spaced rotary disks between which
following claims.
said conveyer passes and by which the bullets
Having thus described the invention, what is
are fed to be engaged along their sides in a man
claimed is:
ner such as to permit swiveling of the bullets as
1. In a bullet handling machine, the combina
they are carried between said rotating disks
tion with means including an endless conveyor for 40 whereby to dispose the heavier or pellet end of
feeding bullets in adjacent horizontally disposed
each bullet downwardly, and a delivery chute
longitudinal rows end to end without discrimi
into which the bullets are discharged in their
nation as to whether the pellet ends point for
oriented position said chute having a plurality of
wardly or rearwardly, of orienting mechanism
V-shaped ?ngers formed integrally therewith ex—
comprising spaced rotary disks between which 45 tended between the disks and disposed at an
said conveyor passes and by which the bullets
angle such as to cause the bullets to be dis
are fed in a horizontal position to be engaged
charged with their pellet ends foremost.
along their sides in a manner such as to permit
5. In a machine of the character described, in
swiveling of the bullets as they are carried be
combination, a plurality of continuously moving
tween said rotating disks whereby to dispose the 50 horizontal belts for feeding tapered bullets in ad
heavier or pellet end of each bullet downwardly,
jacent longitudinal rows end to end without dis
and a delivery chute disposed on the opposite side
crimination as to whether the pellet ends point
of said spaced disks and having a plurality of
forwardly or rearwardly, a pulley over which said
?ngers extended between the disks disposed to
belts run, and an orienting device comprising
cause the bullets to be discharged with their 55 spaced rotary disks formed integrally with said
pellet ends foremost.
pulley and between which the bullets are fed to
be engaged along their tapered sides in a man
2. In a machine of the character described, in
combination, a plurality of continuously moving
ner such as to permit swiveling of the bullets as
horizonta1 belts for feeding bullets in adjacent lon
they are carried between said rotating disks
gitudinal rows end to end without discrimination
whereby to dispose the heavier or pellet end of
as to whether the pellet ends point forwardly or
each bullet downwardly, and a delivery chute dis
rearwardly, and an orienting device comprising
posed on the opposite side of said spaced disks
and having a plurality of ?ngers extended be
spaced rotary disks between which said belts pass
and by which the bullets being fed by the belts are
tween the disks disposed to cause the bullets to
engaged along their sides in a manner such as
be discharged with their pellet ends foremost.
to permit swiveling of the bullets as they are
6. In a machine of the character described, in
carried between said rotating disks whereby to
combination, a plurality of continuously moving
dispose the heavier or pellet‘end of each bullet
horizontal belts for feeding bullets in adjacet
downwardly, and a delivery chute disposed on
longitudinal rows end to end without discrimina
the opposite side of said spaced disks and having
tion as to whether the pellet ends point for
a plurality of ?ngers extended between the disks
wardly or rearwardly, and an orienting device
disposed to cause the bullets to be dischargd with
comprising spaced rotary disks between which
their pellet ends foremost.
said belts pass and by which the bullets being
fed by the belts are engaged along their sides in
3. In a machine of the character described, in
combination, a continuously moving horizontal 75 a manner such as to permit swiveling of the bul
orientated position onto a chute 262 which is ar
lets - as’ they’ are carried between said" rotating"
enti?g dév'i'oe' ' 2i deliyei'ya chute diép'osecf“ onf t-liizek
of‘ each“ bullet downwardly;v and‘ iiitermitten'tly
operating means associated with said‘ con?rm:-
morality‘ of’?id‘ge‘r'sL extendéd‘?Betweeh'bhé‘dié ‘
disposed tooause'whe bullé?s1to1~6é~ discharged?
diskéwhelfe‘by'to'disbose t'he‘héavie‘r'ioi' p'ellot‘éend"
opposite-15mg of’s'é?’d" spa‘ced1diél€$~a=nd1?gwihgaa?
ously moving belts' for simultaneously releasing‘v 5-’ with their'p‘ellofex'ids foremost;
the‘ foremost bullet in each row into-said'ori-
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