Патент USA US2406231код для вставки
Aug. 20, 1946. H. c. LIMA ' 2,406,231 LOADER FOR REVOLVERS Original Filed Dec. 18, 1943 A TI'ORIVEJG. Patented Aug. 20, 1946 2,406,231 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE LOADER FOR REVOLVERS Hector Consuegra Lima, Ha’bana, Cuba Original application December 218, 1943, Serial No. 514,801. Divided and this application October 9, 1944, Serial No. 557,781. In Cuba April 5, 1943 5 Claims. 1 This invention relates to loaders for revolvers of any well known typeof mechanism This application is a division of the applica tion Serial Number 514,801 ?led December 18,, 1943. An object of this invention is to provide a load (CI. 42-89) 2 pins of‘ the rotatable controlling member with re ' ‘lation to the notch in one of the outer cylinders and the relative position of the air openings. in theposition in which the cartridges are released. In the drawing, Figures 1, 2 and .3 illustrate the casing of the loader forming the object of this er adapted to transfer to the revolver the car invention. Said casing is metallic and is com tridges carried by it, by means of a simple rotat posed of a central hollow cylinder 1 opened at its able control mechanism whichin a predetermined upper end and closed at its lower end and six position holds the cartridges within the loader 10 outer hollow cylinders 2 opened at their lower end and in another predetermined position releases and closed at their upper end, all being parallel the cartridges which may fall by gravity within tothe central cylinder l and all surrounding the the revolver chambers, whereby the loading oper central cylinder I inits whole periphery to form ation' of all the cartridges can be accomplished a rigid unit by means of vertical joint lines which in a very short time not.exceeding three seconds. 15 can be made by soldering. The. outer cylinders 2 Another object of. the invention is to provide are all of the same length and diameter, their the loader with an oil container forming part of diameter being slightly greater than that of the the rotatable control mechanism and which is ?ange cartridges 4 .to be lodged within them and provided with a small air ‘inlet and some oil out their length being somewhat smaller than that let holes which in the cartridge release ‘position 20 of the cartridges, so that once the latter are placed of the control mechanism will permit the inlet within the outer cylinders, they will project in of air and outlet of the oil, so that the oil may tall about a third of their length outside the outer cylinders .2. into the chambers of the‘ revolver magazine and wet them thus it serving as a cooling means to The cylinders 2 are symmetrically disposed prevent excessive heating of the magazine as pro about the central cylinder 1 in such a manner 25 duced ‘by repeated shooting. that a circle drawn by having its centre at the The invention is described with reference to the axis of the central cylinder- I, will intersect the ?gures of the accompanying drawing‘, of which: axis of the six outer cylinders, the radius of said Fig. l is a top plan view of the loader casing circle being equal to that of a similar circle draw“. without the cartridge rotatable controlling mem 30 up at a revolver magazine to which ‘the loader ‘is her and without the cartridges. Fig. .2 is an outer elevational view of ‘the load to be applied for the operation of transferring Fig. 5 .‘is an outer elevational view- of the car alike point located at the same side of a radial the cartridges from one to the other. er casing also empty. The. cylinders v2 have an opening 3' at their ‘Fig. .3 is a vertical section view on line 13—-3 of top 3 to permit the examination of the percussion 1. a 35 cap of each cartridge. Each cylinder 2 has near ‘Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the cartridge con its top 3 a side notch ,5 opposite the central cylin trolling member. der I, all notches v5 having their middle point at tridge controlling member. plane passing through the axis of the tangential Fig. 6 is a diametral vertical section view of 40 line between the central cylinder I and the axis the, cartridge controlling member, on line lli---B of of the respective outer cylinder 2, for the purpose Fig. 4. hereinafter explained. Fig. E7 is a top plan view of the loader-enclosing The, central cylinder I has a length somewhat the cartridge controlling mechanism and the car smaller than the length of each outer cylinder tridges. Fig. .8 is an outer elevational view of the loader fully charged. 45 2, so that its upper edge will just remain beneath the lower edge of each notch 5 and the ?ange B of each cartridge 4 when inserted in its respec-v tive. cylinder 2 may remain above said lower edge Fig. 9 is a vertical section view of the loader on line 9-9 of Fig. 7. of the notch 5 for the retention of the cartridge Fig. 10 is a fragmentary enlarged horizontal 50 as will be explained hereinafter. section view of the central cylinder and three ad Within the central cylinder l is lodged the jacent outer cylinders of the loadereasing, show manual cartridge control mechanism consisting ing the position of one of the projecting pins of of a metallic cylindrical receptacle ‘l which is frictjonally ?tted within the central cylinder I to vthe notch in one of the outer cylinders and the 55 so that it. can rotate within said cylinder I. ~ Said relativeposi-tion of the air openings in the posi receptacle 1 is greatly longer than the cylinder tion. in which the cartridges are held by the-pro I by projecting upwards from the latter, the same‘ jecting pins. being rctatahly secured at its bottom to the Fig. 11 is a detailed view similar to that of Fig. bottom of cylinder 1, to ‘which ‘end the latter Ibots 10, showing the position of the same projecting 60. tom has a ~frustro-conica1 uprising portion‘ 3 the rotatable controlling member'with relation 2,406,231 4 3 3 of ‘each cylinder 2. :Then, the container previ ously ?lled with oil 35 ;and obturated .by screw ending in anupper opening 9 adapted to give way therethrough to a screw I0‘ tobe threaded I4 is inserted in the central cylinder I and its from below to above so that its head will remain lodged within the depression formed by said up; : ' socket II screwed on the set screw II] which is rising portion 8 and said screw will serve to ?x Cr ’ passed across the opening 9 of the frustro-conical the receptacle ‘I by being screwed in a threaded’ ~ bottom portion 8 of the central cylinder I, the socket II formed at the bottom of receptacle ‘I I - container ‘I being let in the position in which its which has a thickened portion of its peripheral ' 7 riorly threaded and ends in‘ acountersunk mouth ".10 I3 adapted to receive the'head-of a‘ screw" I4 > threaded in said neck I2. Said receptacle ‘I serves as a containernfor a light oil adapted to serve as a cooling means wall forming an elongated neck I2 which‘ is inte'-' whentransferred to the magazine of a revolver radial pins I5 abut the free end of the central cylinder I and penetrate in the notches 5 below the flanges »6 of the cartridges. The loader is transferred over the revolver magazine by cen tering its lower depression formed by the frustro ‘conical projection 8. on the small projection which the revolvers of whatever type or mechanism .usually have at the upper portion of the maga zine; ‘whereupon,- assuming the caliber of the revolver magazine is equal to the caliber of the tbjwhich themloader. of ‘this invention is to be applied.) The container]. has at its outer sur face" about a third of its height 'from its .upper loader I—'2,. the cylinders 2 will remain in Vere tical alignment with the chambers of the re. edge a's'eri'es of six inter-spaced radial projecting .jl5adapted to cooperate with the notches 5 of" therzouter ‘cylinders 2 to retain or release'the cartridges 4 according toltheposition adopted volver magazine and, the points of cartridges‘ 4 willbe respectively introduced in the chambers of the revolver ‘magazine; The control memberv ‘I is then'rotated‘on the set screw I0 until the radial the pins I5 respectively to said notches 5. ' ‘j Byrotating the cylindrical container ‘I on the set J pins _I5 will beiwithdrawn from the respective screw ID, in one'position the pins I5 will remain a notches 5 of the cylinders 2, whereupon the withinthecurved notchesto hold.the ?anges 6 of cartridges 4 once these lodged in the respective cylinders .2 _with.their pointed portions down. flangesv Bof the cartridges 4 will be'freed from the pins. I5 and the cartridges 4 willslide'v down by their own weight within the cylinders 2 and wardsjand in‘ another position, when therpins penetrate into the vchambers of the revolver mag- } I5 are withdrawnnfrom the notches 5 and reach the triangular hollow spaces‘ I6 formed between the outer cylinders land the central cylinder'I (Fig; 7)., ‘the; flanges 6 of the cartridges will be released and the cartridges will be allowed .to fall out by_ their vown weight along the respective cyl azine, the} revolver beingfthus loaded. The rota-' tion movement of the control member ‘I to release‘ the cartridges 4 from the loaderv I—-2 will‘serve tov cause the hole 20 of the control member ‘I to register with the holegZI of cylinder I, so that asrouter air enters intothe rotatory container "I, the oil falleninto the cylinder ,I will ?ow ‘out ind'ers" 2.‘ The control member ‘I. has near its upper edge three equidistant radial blades I‘I through It is obvious’ holes III. that'changes _ _ _ . ? may ,p bemade , ' in projecting from the periphery, of the‘ member. ‘I, the size, ‘loading capacityand construction vde-v their function being to serve ‘as handles for rotating said member ‘I the turn fraction neces 40 tails of the loader, without'therebyalteringvthe essential character at the?invention, Which'is sary to place the pins I5.in position for retain such as claimed hereinafter. _‘ ‘ ' » ing the flanges 4 'or for releasing same. , What'I claim is: " p . V v . l. To allow theegress Vof‘the oil occupying the ‘ l. A loader for revolvers, comprising acentral inner’s'pace of the cylinder ‘I, through central cylinder I, the container 1 has at its “bottom a 45 hollow cylinder'open at its upper end and closed at its lower end, a plurality of cartridge receiv plurality'bf holes" Idarranged in. a circular line and the central cylinder I is “provided at its bot ing cylinders each closed atiitshupper end and ' tom with a plurality of_ holes I9 arranged in a circular line, ‘as seen in Fig.1, so that the oil one to the other all around said central cylinder from container _‘I’ may fall over the bottom of central cylinder I throu'g'h'holes l8 and?ow out through holes I9 at the bottom offthe central cylinder I, the oil thus’discharged being adapted tov be spread over the revolver magazinewhen the loader is applied to a revolvermagazine. for transferring thereto the cartridges 4 and to enter into the magazine chambers‘to serve as a cool ing‘means each time a cartridge is shot. To allow'the egress of oil from 'the container ‘I, the . latter has‘ beneath the plane of pins I5 and above ‘the level of the contained oil 35 an air inlet‘ holei20 which in the position of the con tainer ‘I in which the cartridges 4 are released will register with another hole 2! formed in the open at its lower end and disposed adjacent and secured thereto to vform a rigid unit, e'ach cartridge receiving cylinder having. near its top a lateral notch opposite the central‘ cylinder, 2. manual cartridge control member rotatably mounted within ‘said central'cylinder and fric tionally engaging the wallof the latter, and projecting means radially arranged on the, car tridge control member and adapted to enter the notches of said outer cylinders, said radially pro jecting means in'one position of said control member being adaptedto engage the ?anges of cartridges in the cartridge receiving‘ _cylinders,_ and in another position of said control member will be withdrawn from said notches‘and will be adapted to release the cartridge. ?anges. wall portion of_ the central cylinder I adjacent _2. A loader ‘for: revolvers, comprising a central the openspa'ce I6 so that outer air can enter int'o'the "container 1 above the level of the oil hollow cylinder open at its upper end and closed contained therein. _ _ _ at its lower end, a‘plurality of cartridge receiv ing cylinde‘rs'peach closed at its upper enddand ' The operation ‘of this loader is as follows: _. open at its' lower' end and disposed adjacent To load the loader the same is placed in an in 70' one to'the other ‘all around said central ‘cylinder verted position ' and the cartridges 4 are in serted'within the receiving cylinders 2, one car tridge being'ins'erted in each cylinder 2 with the percussion-cap carrying portion at the" fore, until the '?ange 6 of each‘cartridge contacts the top and secured theretoto ‘form a‘ rigid unit, each cartridge receiving‘v cylinder being provided near its top with a lateral notch, the, middle point of all ‘notches being “located at the same side of a radial plane passing through the axis of 2,406,231 6 the central cylinder and the axis of the respec tive cartridge receiving cylinder, a manual car tridge control member composed of a cylindrical container rotatably mounted within the central cylinder and frictionally engaging the wall of the latter, said manual cartridge control mem— ber being longer than said central cylinder to project beyond the open end of same, and a plurality of radial pins in a number equal to the number of the cartridge receiving cylinders and equidistantly arranged on the cartridge control member portion projecting from the central cyl~ inder to so co-act with the notches of the car tridge receiving cylinders that in one position of the control member said pins will be posi tioned within the notches of the cartridge re‘ ceiving cylinders and will be adapted to engage the ?anges of cartridges placed in the latter, and in another position of said control member said pins will be Withdrawn from said notches and will be adapted to release the cartridge ?anges. 3. A loader for revolvers, comprising a central hollow cylinder open at its upper end and closed at its lower end, a plurality of cartridge receiv ing cylinders each closed at its upper end and open at its lower end and disposed adjacent to one another all around said central cylinder and secured thereto to form a rigid unit, the central cylinder having a‘ length shorter than that of the cartridge receiving cylinders, each outer cyl inder being provided near its top with a lateral notch, the middle point of all notches being lo ed in one position of the same to retain car tridges placed in said cartridge receiving cylin ders, said means being adapted to release said ‘cartridges from said cartridge receiving cylin DI ders in another position of said control member, the central cylinder and the cylindrical contain er each having in their bottom wall a plurality of holes arranged along a circular line for dis charging the oil contained in each, the central cylinder also being provided with a small hole in its side wall for outside communication and the control member being provided with a small hole in the side wall of its cylindrical container above the oil level therein, said side wall holes being adapted to register with one another in the position of the control member in which the cartridges placed in said cartridge receiving cylinders are adapted to be released from the latter, atmospheric air being thus allowed to enter the interior of the cylindrical container of the control member and a certain amount of oil allowed to be discharged from the central cyl inder. 5. A loader for revolvers, comprising a central " hollow cylinder open at its upper end and closed at its lower end by a bottom wall, a plurality of - cartridge receiving cylinders each closed at its upper end and open at its lower end and dis posed adjacent to one another all around said 30 central cylinder and secured thereto to form a rigid unit, each cartridge, receiving cylinder hav ing near its top a lateral notch opposite said central cylinder, 3, manual cartridge control mem through the axis of the central cylinder and the provided with a cylindrical container hav axis of the respective cartridge receiving cylin 35 ber ing a bottom wall and a side wall and adapted der, a manual cartridge control member consist to receive a charge of an oil, said control mem cated at the same side of a radial plane passing ing of a cylindrical container rotatably mounted within said central cylinder and being of greater length than the latter to project beyond the open end of same, the bottom portion of said cartridge control member being provided with a central threaded socket, a screw passing through an open ing in the bottom of the central cylinder and be ing screwed into the threaded socket of the car tridge control member permitting the latter to be ‘ rotated, and a plurality of radial pins in a num ber equal to the number of the cartridge receiv ing cylinders and equidistantly arranged on the control member portion extending beyond the central cylinder to so co-act with the notches in ' the cartridge receiving cylinders that in one posi tion of said control member said pins will be posi tioned in the notches of the outer cylinders adapt ed to engage the ?anges of cartridges placed in the cartridge receiving cylinders, and in another position of said control member said pins will be withdrawn from said notches and will be adapt ed to release the cartridge flanges. 4. A loader for revolvers, comprising a central hollow cylinder open at its upper end and closed at its lower end by a bottom wall, a plurality of cartridge receiving cylinders each closed at its upper end and open at its lower end and dis posed adjacent to one another all around said central cylinder and secured thereto to form a rigid unit, a manual cartridge control member provided with a cylindrical container having a bottom wall and a side Wall and adapted to re ceive a, charge of a light oil, said control mem ber being rotatably and frictionally mounted in said central cylinder and being of greater length than the latter to extend beyond the open end of the central cylinder, a plurality of radial pins equidistantly arranged on the portion of the car tridge control member projecting outside the cen tral cylinder, said radial pins in a predetermined position of the cartridge control member enter ing the notches of the cartridge receiving cylinders and being adapted to engage the ?anges of cartridges placed in the cartridge receiving cyl inders and thereby serve as stops for the car tridges, said radial pins being adapted to be moved to another predetermined position by rotative ad justment of the control member in which said pins are withdrawn from the notches of the car tridge receiving cylinders and thereby being adapted to release the cartridges, the central cylinder and the cylindrical container each hav ing in their bottom wall a plurality of holes arranged along a circular line for discharging the oil contained in each, the central cylinder being also provided with a small hole in its side wall for communication with the atmosphere and the control member being provided with a small hole in the side wall of its cylindrical container above the level of the oil contained therein, said side wall holes being adapted to register with one another in the position of the control member in which the radial pins thereof are withdrawn from the notches of the cartridge receiving cylinders, thereby permitting atmospheric air to enter the interior of the cylindrical container of the con ber being movably mounted within said central 70 trol member and causing a certain amount of oil cylinder, and frictionally engages the inner wall to be discharged from the central cylinder. of the same, means on said control member adapt ' HECTOR, CONSUEGRA LIMA.