Патент USA US2406232код для вставки
Aug. 20, 1946. 2,406,232 H. c. LIMA LOADER FOR REVOLVERS Filed Oct. 9. 1944 r fil . . , J/V VEN/*02. , and, .JW Patented Aug. 20, 1946 2,406,232 ¿UNITED ISTAT-ES PATENT OFFICE ¿application October-9, 1944,7ÍSerial. No. ‘557;782 ÍnïCúba.` ‘OctOber 22, :1943 2 Claims. 41 2 .'Ilhi'siinvention rela-tes `to floaders for -revolvers on line 'I-l of Fig. 6, 'showing the ¿position in of-ïany type-and it has for itsobject to provide animproved loader‘wherein the pins adapted to whichfthe cartridges are held. Figure 8 i's a similar section `vievv t‘othat of retain-.and releasev the cartridges, l instead of `being Fig. '7, ’showingthel'position of ’the inner‘me'ch rotated inßahorizontal «plane as in ~a previous v anism for 'cartridge release in the modified form. application to be filed`> as a division of application In Figs. l, 2, 3, 4 and "5pt 'the’drawing the numeral I indicates'the-central cylinder‘of the loader to which are rigidly joined by means of vertical joint Aline‘s’vvhich can be made‘by solder ing, a plurality of‘outer cylinders 2 all parallel Serial No. 514,801 filed December »18, 1943, `are slidable longitudinallywithin the central» cylinder of the loader bymeans-»of the ,pivotal connection of the Vpins lwith a disc carriedbya longitudinal 10 central stem `»si-«lojectedto theelastic tension of a coil .spring surrounding it- and carrying exteriorly thereof 4.a disc adapted to receive »the pressure Yof to the central~cy1inder-| land being of the same diameter ‘which will îpreferablybe smaller than the diameter of the central cylinder I but larger than the diameter ofthe ‘cartridges 3 so as, to be one-‘of the user’s lingers, wherebyaslight pres sure "will Ábe'suiiicientfto get thewsirnultaneous rc 15 apt to "respectively'receive the latterttherein, the length of the central cylinder fl beingr at least loading and cooling of «a revolver’s chambers, equal-to that of the outer cylinders ‘2. thereby -giving certain self-acting character to The outer cylinders 2 `are open-belowand have such kind of mechanisms, withoutfalteringtheir at their top portion Ya big opening "4to permit eñiciency. Another object of the invention is to provide 20 the examination Yof the percussion -cap vof Veach cartridge. Thef’central cylinder I has'a‘thickened said Yloaders with means whereby the discharge bottom >portion A5 provided with a ÁWide opening of oil or other lubricating liquid will be obtained 6 and :at 'its `toplportion `it has an Yenlarged ex moresafely andeñìciently than by mere outlet holeslin an inner vessel movable within the cen tension in‘the shape of `~acup l the bottom of tral cylinder as is provided in my prior applica 25 whichis a disc'ß having a 'central opening 9 and which "constitutes ~the top A‘portion of `‘sliepen-trai tion, the central cylinder being adapted to serve cylinderlthereby‘closing it. as an oil vessel and the oil ‘being discharged Throughrth‘e‘openingïßfof the disc‘ß is slidably through a seat valve governed by the central lon mounted at `the axis'of the cylinder I arstem Il] gitudinal stem carrying the pins for retaining and vreleasing the cartridges, so that upon alight pres 30 carrying vvlixedly thereonfby'm’eans of ’a pin II through‘a sleeve I'2’ a cylinder I2 closed above sure being exerted by'a ’finger to actu‘ate the car and open‘below’which smoothly ñt's’into the cen tridge releasing mechanism, the oil valve will be tral cylinder Iiand‘fhasïits length equal to about opened also and the oil will be‘allowed tc Yfreely half theìleng’th of the central cylinder, its upper ilow through a wide opening in the bottom por portion remaining‘normally at‘a certain distance tion of the central cylinder, which opening also from the disc‘ß obturatingthe cylinder I and its serves for injection of oil therethrough into the lower edge remainingïat ïabout the 'same distance from the -bottom ‘5 cfcentral cylinder I. The stem I0 has its lowerpcrtion Ill’ of ~reduced di the l "ñgures of the accompanying drawing, 'of 40 ameter to pass loosely through the wide opening which: ß 'of‘ï'the bottom‘ä o"f central ‘cylinder I and said Figure 1 is 'an outer elevational view of the cylinder. The invention‘is described with reference to improved loader-'oi' my invention. Figure '2 is a top'plan partly broken away view lower»portionïends‘exteriorly 'of Vthe bottom 5 in a valve 4I3 :adapted tof'seat on the lower 'edge of the opening'ô "and`provided with a lower recess of‘same. Figure 3» is a' longitudinal vertical section` view 45 I 4’ adapted torest on a projection usually pro vided at the top center of the magazine of some on 4‘line 3-3 'of Figure 2, in the 'cartridge holding position. Figure 4 is a horizontal section view on line 4--4 of Fig. `3, 'the “cartridges beingfomitted. revolvers. lThe‘stem 'Iûîhas near the upper end of the "reduced portion riß' ia 'transversal notch Id‘which'is crossed by .ashorizontal pin lñ’having Figure 5 is a section view similar to that of Fig. 50 its ends ri‘gidlysecured to‘îtheïperipherialWall of 3,'showing'the position of'the‘inne‘r mechanism the cylinder I beneathïthe inner cylinder I2‘an'd for cartridge release. Figure-6 is a top plan view‘o'f'a modified form of theloader. Figure 7 is a longitudinal vertical section «view 55 said stem ‘ I 0 is surrounded between the'upper por tion of the`inner`cylinder=l2 and the ’pin I5 Vby'a coil spring ~~I6 tending to maintain `the -stem I 0 raised, lsovthat its'upp‘er endwill project-,upward 1 Y . _ 2,406,232 3 4 above the disc 8 forming the top portion of the of the former form being omitted and the notch central cylinder I, the projecting end of the stem I4 being dispensed, the valve being an inner valve instead of an outer valve, by having the shape of a plate 28 projecting transversally from the stem I 0 carrying a disc I1 having a slight recess at its upper face to facilitate the application of the user’s linger for operation of the mechanism. The stem I0 carries between the sleeve I2’ and the fixed disc 8 through the opening â of which it runs, atransversal disc I3 having a diameter I0' at the upper end of the reduced section I0" of the stem III', which reduced section Ill" ends outside the bottom E’ in an enlargement 29 pro vided with a lower recess Y353 adapted to rest on a projection usually provided at the centre of the somewhat smallerthan the central cylinder and» being provided with a number of holes corre 10 upper portion of the magazine of some revolvers. sponding to the number of outer cylinders. » In this case the enlargement 29 can be provided Through said holes are pivotally connected the with a vertical side groove 3I to facilitate the in inner ring-shaped ends of eye-bolts or pins I9 sertion into the opening 6’ of the point of an in jector for oil injection. mounted to slide across bevelled openings 2@ formed at the joint of the peripherial wall of the 15 This modiñed form of loader is operated simi central cylinder I and of each of the outer cylin larly as the one described in the first place, by ders 2, the bolts I9 being sufficiently long to pro pressing with one finger the upper depressed por trude in a position into the outer Cylinders 2 un tion E" of the cylinder I', whereupon the latter til placed beneath the flange 2I of the cartridges descends carrying along _with it the outer cylin 3 lodged in the respective outer cylinders 2 to re~ 20 ders 2' with the cartridges 3', the stem I0' re tain the cartridges 3 within the cylinders 2 and maining immovable,`where‘upo'n thel -pins I9' will t0 remain lodged in another position within the run upward into the’cylinder l" thereby releasing central cylinder I. ' ' the cartridges 3' which will fall into the chambers The central cylinder I is filled with oil 23 in of the revolver, and by the bottom 5' withdraw the space limited by the bottom 5 of the central ing from the valve plate 28, the oil 23' will- be cylinder and by a hole 25 at a middle point of the allowed to iiow through’the opening '6'l which height of the inner cylinder I2, which can be made never remains closed below. In the modiñedform by means of an injector through the space be» a safety position‘may be attained'by means of `a tween the reduced section IG’ ofthe stem I9 and n’ , bolt 32 of sufficient length to pass across holes" the wall of the opening 6 of the bottom 5 of the 33 in the projecting upper portion of theI cylinder central cylinder I. 'The entering of outer air to I and across a hole 34 formed in the upper en'd permit the egress of oil 23 is effected through a portion of the stem III', as shown in Figs. '7 and'8.~ hole 24 in> cylinder’l and an adjacent cylinder 2 It is obvious that changes may be madeiin the. and hole 25 in inner cylinder I2, which holes reg . size, oil capacity and number of the outer cyl`-.ister one another in the position in which the inders,`a_s well as in the' construction details of'.T cartridges 3 are released. ` To discharge the loader into a revolver, the same is placed in resting position ofv recess I4’ of valve I3 on the‘projection usually carried 'bythe magazine of a revolver of an appropriate caliber, 40 so that the points 22 of the cartridges will partly penetrate into the chambers of such a magazine, and upon the user pressing with one linger the disc I'I, the stem I il will descend against the elas the loader, without> thereby altering the essentiall character of the invention which is sucphvpalsclaimed hereinafter. What I claim is: n Y ' * ~ 1. A loader for revolvers, comprising a hollow central Cylinder having va side wall and closed atits vtcp and at its bottom, a plurality of cartridge receiving cylinders each open at its lower end and, tic tension ofthe spring Iiiythe' valve I3 thereby 45 arranged aro-und said central cylinder and secured thereto to form a rigid unit, a cartridge control withdrawing from its seat, and the pins I9 are member in the fornrof a manually operable stem caused to sufficiently slide downward within the slidably mounted within the central cylinder and bevelled openings 2i! to withdraw them from the provided with a lower reduced portion loosely interior of the outer cylinders 2 until they free passing through an opening in the bottom of the » the flanges 2I of the cartridges 3 which will be central cylinder, a pin ñxedl transverselyto the released and will fall into the chambers of >the side wall of the central cylinderwithin the 1atter._ revolver. This discharge position is shown in and passing through a slot in thev stem, .an inner Fig. 5 of the drawing. At the same time, as the ' cylinder closed at its top and open at _its stem I à descends, the orifices 22V and 25 will regis ter one another thereby allowing outer air to en 55 bottomv iiXedly attached to the stem and friction ally engaging the inner wall of said central cyl~ ter, whereupon the oil 23 containedl in the central inder, a coil spring surrounding the stem between` cylinder will ilow out through the opening 6 said transverse pin and the upper closed .end- of opened by the valve I3 and it will be spread over the inner cylinder, a transverse disc having >a the revolver chambers and cool them.v ` To secure the loader mechanism in a safety 60 smaller diameter than the central cylinder nxedly secured to the stem above said inner cylinder,-a position and to hold it in a 'determined position series of pins pivotally connected to said disc and to facilitate its filling with oil or its undue‘dis passing through registering openings'formed in charge, a safety pin 2S may be used which is in-~ the adjacent side walls of the central cylinder and serted across a hole in the cup 1 vabove the disc I1 or beneath same, according tothe eifect sought 65 each cartridgerreceiving cylinderfsaidv pins being to be obtained. v In Figs. 6, 7 and 8 is illustrated a modified form of the inner mechanism for operating the pins I9. In this modiiied form the central cylinder I' has its upper end closed by an upper portion I"> slightly recessed toward its centre and the stem adapted tonormally hold the cartridges within the cartridge receiving cylinders in one position of said stem and being adapted to release the cartridges in another ‘position Aof said stem, and' finger operable means attached to of said 'stem for withdrawing the cartridge receiving cylinders-to which theyare adapted to cause the upper end pins'from thel a positionV in" the release of IB' is actuated against the elastic tension oi va coil spring El surrounding the stem III' between cartridges placed in Said cartridge receiving c‘yl‘ the disc 8’ secured to the cylinder I' and the disc I8' carrying the pins' I9', the transversal’pin' I5 ' 75 inders. ` I " Ü ` i ` 2,406,232 5 6 2. A loader for revolvers, comprising a hollow central cylinder having a side wall and closed at ' tion of the central cylinder for receiving a lubri its top and its bottom, a plurality of cartridge receiving cylinders each open at its lower end and arranged around said central cylinder and se cured thereto to form a rigid unit, a cartridge control member in the form of a spring pressed cating liquid adapted to be injected through the opening in the bottom of the central cylinder, which opening is normally closed by the valve on the lower end of said stem, a transverse disc of less diameter than the central cylinder ñxedly secured to the stem between the upper end of the inner cylinder and the upper end of the stem mounted slidably within the central cylinder central cylinder, a series of pins pìvotally con and extending through an opening in the upper portion of the central cylinder, said stem being lO nected to said disc and adapted to move in oppo site directions in response to slidable movements provided with a lower reduced section loosely of the stem, said pins extending through reg passing through an opening in the bottom of said istering openings formed in the adjacent side central cylinder, a valve ñxed to the lower end walls of the central cylinder and each cartridge of the reduced section of the stem and projecting receiving cylinder, said pins being adapted to through the opening in the bottom of the central normally retain cartridges placed within the car Y cylinder and having in its outer face a depression tridgef'receiving cylinders, and a ñnger operable adapted to be placed on a central VVprojection usuv disc on the upper end of the stem for causing the ally provided at the top of the revolver to be pins to be withdrawn from the cartridge receiving loaded, an inner cylinder closed at its top and cylinders and thereby are adapted to release the open at its bottom ñxedly mounted on the stem cartridges which have been placed in said car and fríctionally engaging the side Wall of said tridge receiving cylinders. central cylinder and forming a closed chamber between said inner cylinder and the lower por HÉCTOR coNsUEc-RA LIMA.