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Патент USA US2406274

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Aug. 20, 1946.
_ I ‘ .F. wARb
Filled Feb. 20, 1945
Patented Aug. 20, 1946
‘I-T' i r '
2,406,274 _
1' ‘g f f'HEEL iron Boo'rs AND ‘SHOES '
Francis Ward, Rushden,‘ England ' '
- ' _ Application February 20, 1945, serial‘ No. 578,841
InGreat Britain February3,|1ilf14 3 3 ‘ .
_ 7 Claims.
This ‘invention'relates tofheels for‘ boots and
shoes and'concerns ‘heels crime solid type in con
‘tradlstinction to heels ‘of the built‘ up type.
_I .‘Heels of the solid type ‘are generally ‘moulded
'‘ or otherwise fashioned from wood or‘other‘s'u’b
jstances.v As regards wooden heels, in particular,
these have a" tendency to chip or split at the ,end
to which‘the top piece is applied and the prin
'cipal object'of thisinvention is to overcomethis
with ‘an aperture or apertures and is ?tted to the
:top'v piece "end of _'a solid'heel which is‘ appropri~
ately shaped to‘ receive the-‘plate prior vto the
‘application of the top piece;
Inone embodiment of the invention the plate
and ‘heel are'so formed that ‘the outer surface
'of the plate lies flush with the surface or sur
t Figure
of‘ the
2' is‘invention,
‘a plan of the
‘, "heel
" ‘ _ I ' the top
end Sis
vwitha the
plate elevation
appliedz of a complete
heel (inverted) embodying the construction shown
in'jFigures‘ 1' and 2 with a top piece applied,
1‘ According to the invention‘ a‘ plate is ‘formed
the'top piece end of a heel"unatta'che'd‘yconstig
tuting one exampleof the ?rst‘described embodi;
- '
‘Figure 4 is a perspective view'of a modi?cation,
Figure 5 is a' perspective view of a plate and the
top piece end of a correspondingly shaped heel
'Figure‘fi is a plan of the said heel viewing the
top‘ piece end with the plate applied,
j '
Figure 7 is a sectional ‘elevation of a complete
heel‘ (inverted) embodying the construction shown
in Figures '5 and ?with a top piece applied, and
,' Figure '8 is a perspective view of the ?anged
faces of the heel formed by the shaping, the said
plate (inverted) per se. '
[surface or surfaces being exposed in the aperture 20 Like parts , are designated 'by similar refer
or apertures so that when the top piece isapplied
ence characters throughout the drawing. I
‘the ‘securing ‘slugs or nails are driven into the
Referring to Figures l to 3v of' thedrawing, in
the example shown therein a plate I shaped to
“ i'In'an'other embodiment "there is provided a
'suitthe peripheral contour of the top piece end
"flanged platewith an aperture or apertures there
I ‘of the heel a is formed with a number of aper
;in to receive the slugs or nails for securing the
[tures'2 and with a central boss 3 at the juncture
topzpiece, and‘ the ‘top vpiece end of the heel is
of webs '4 whereby, in conjunction with'periphery
shaped to. receive the ?ange. In this construc
vtion the inside of the ?anged plate is in facial
‘contact with‘ theopposing surface of the said
Iendof the heel.
From the foregoing it will be perceived that a
feature common to the two embodiments de
scribed is that the ‘plate is secured between the
heel and the top piece.
‘ l
5'of the plate, the apertures are produced. -f'At
the top piece end the heel w is formed “(with a
rabbeted edge 6 and with grooves 11,‘ correspond
ing with‘ the peripheral portion and the webs ,4
of the plate, thereby producing formations ‘8’cor
responding in number, ‘size andshape with the
apertures 2. ' Thus when the plate is applied to
' the heel it ?ts snugly thereon with the outer sur
While the attachment ‘of the top piece may be
face of the plate flush with the surfaces of the
relied upon the keep the plate in position, it‘ is
formations 8, as shown in Figure 3. The central
‘preferred to attach the plate tothe heel before
boss 3 is formed with‘ a‘ countersunk ’ hole 9
the attachment of the top piece; This may be
through which a wood screw I0 is inserted to ?x
‘done in the ?rst described construction by pro 40 the plate I in position. When the top‘ piece ‘H
‘viding the plate with a‘hole or holes or a boss,
is applied the attaching slugs_(one of which is
"bosses or lugs, and inserting a screw or screws,
‘represented at l2) or nails are inserted into the
or driving a nail or nails through the ‘hole'or
exposed formations 8.
holes, or boss, bosses or lugs, into the heel. It is‘
' In‘the modi?cation shown in Figure ll the plate
considered that the ‘attachment of the plate to the 45 1 Ids-has but a- single aperture 2a and is formed
heel in‘ this way strengthens the heel against
splitting‘ crosswise, especially in the case of a
heel of the Louis or semi-Louis type.
‘with-‘internal lugs'3a and countersunk holes Bu
for the reception of attaching screws. The top
piece end of the heel to which this plate is to be
The invention may be carried into practical
attached is correspondingly formed, 1. e. it has a
effect in various ways, particular examples of 50 rabbeted edge and a single formation recessed
which will now be described as applied to a wood
for reception of the lugs 31; and, as in the form
en heel of the Louis type.
shown in Figures 2 and 3, the plate ?ts snugly
In the following further description reference
on the heel with its outer surface ?ush with the
will be made to the accompanying drawing:
surface of the said single formation which ?lls
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a plate and 55 the aperture when the plate is applied.
3. In combination, a solid heel, a. top piece at
Referringto Figures 5 to 8 in the example
tached to said heel by elements driven into the I
end of the latter, and, between the heel and the ‘
shown therein a plate [5 shaped to suit the pe
ripheral contour of the top piece end of, the heel
top piece, a plate formed with at least one aper
a is formed with a ?ange l5a and with a num
ture and ?tted to the top piece end of the heel -
ber of apertures l6. At the top piece end the
which is rabbeted at the edge to receive‘ it, said
plate and top piece vend being, moreover, so
formed that the outermost surface of the plate
lies ?ush with the correspondingsurface of the
heel a is formed’ with‘a rabbeted edge - I‘! to
receive the ?ange. V'Thus when the plate is ap
plied to the heel it ?ts snugly thereon with its
inner faoein contact with thegys‘unfa'ce' 1810f the
top piece‘end of the:1neel,' as shown in Figure 7. 10 ‘heel, and the plate serving to prevent the heel
from splitting when the aforesaid elements are
The plate i5 is formed with countersunk holes [9
. driven into it.
V 7. through which wood screws 2|] are inserted to ?x
4. In combination, a solid heel, a top piece at
the plate 15 in position. When the top?piece, II
is applied the attaching slugs( one‘ of “which is A’ “tache'd‘ to said heel by elements driven thereinto,
a {plate secured between the heel and the top
represented at I2) or nails are inserteddnto the ~
exposed portions I80, (see
said plate being formed with at least one
Figure fi) of the sure ‘q piece,
apertureandi?ttedato the top piece end of the
I» .
heel Which‘is rabbeted at the ‘edge to receive
As will be appreciated, a plate formedwith two >
or more than three apertures may lee-provided . it, ‘the ‘plate serving to prevent the heel from
20 splitting when the elements are driven in, and
'if desired.
a heel covering the edge of which‘at thewsaid
shown in Figures 3 and fl,
' tIn theconstr-uctions
top piece end is'intu'rned over the 'platejso'as to
the heel‘ has a ‘covering I3, which ‘may be of
be secured between the latter and the. top piece.
5."In" combination, "a'solid', heel, a peripherally
leather, fabric, Celluloid or like ,pl'iable'material,
andthe edge of the ‘covering at thetop piec'e‘i‘en'd
fi's' inturned over the p1ate,.as'represemed'at“.
soas to be secured between'the plate andithe
toppiece ll when the latter is‘ applied. "Alter
and ?tted to the outer? end of the‘ "heeli'wliic’h‘ end
is formed with a‘ rabbeted ‘edge‘to receive" ‘the
natively'r the heel maybe covered ?rst and the
plate may be attached. afterwards so that?ithe
?ange suchwis'e' that‘ the ‘innermost- surfac'e bf
the ‘plate is in facial Contact
‘the opposing
cast, pressed. or moulded toshape, according to
ments are driven in.
said edge of the coveringis located ‘between the 30,. surface of the said endof'the 'he'ella‘rid atop
piece which is secured by elements ‘driven into
plate and the heel, and the plate ‘is exposed.
the heel ,through the aperturefthe. ?ang'edip'or
" 'The plate may consist of any suitable metal,
tion of the plate 'surrounding‘tlie heel ahdfiffé?
?bre, or ‘of any’ of the nowwell. knownthermo
venting it from splitting‘ when‘ the aforesaid ele
setting or thermoepla‘stic (synthetic) substances,
:of’various colours may be provided so that. when ,
contrasts with and enhancesthe appearance lofv
The invention may also bei applied‘to heels
with. acellulo'sic or other conventional ?nishwas
distinct from being covered, and.» to ‘.heels ‘made
:of._thlermo¢setting-.-or thermoeplastic ‘substances '
covered or otherwise suitably'?nished'
I in the caseof a. plastic. plate the latter may
heel which‘end is formed" with a rabbeted edge
to receive ‘the flange suchwise that the innermost
surface of the plate is in ‘facial-contact with the
opposing surface of the said end‘ of the heel'and
being,‘ moreover,‘ attached to the‘ heel by' secur
ing elements inserted through the aforesaid
holes, and‘ . a top ‘piece ‘which 'is- seouredlbyfele
ment's driven into lthe'heel through the apertures,
the ?anged portion or the plate surrounding the
bestuckon ‘to’ the heel. by means of Jet plastic or
othereement, insteadv of or as well asbeing
heel. and serving- to prevent-the heelifromfsplit
_':What I claim. then. is:
said plate being fitted. to the outer end orthe '
acplate‘ is exposed as aforesaid it harmonizes or
the viheel.
6. In combination,'a 's'ol‘id‘heél, aperipherally
?anged plate formed with apertures and holes,
the. nature of ‘the material, or substance. 'iPlates
‘In combination, a'solid heel. the outer end
7 ofwhich. isformed with arabbeted edge,_ ame'mé
ber shaped. 50 as to ?t within the saidsrabbeted
‘7. In combination, a; solid heel, alperipherally
?anged plate formed with apertures and holes,
said ‘plate, being ?tted to the outer endnof; the
heel which end is formed. with a rabbeted edge
tolreceive the ?ange suchwise that the innermost
surface of the plate is in facial. contactysiith- the
edgejrfjand' surround the “heel, and a top. piece
secured to the ‘outer end ofwthe heel by elements
driven into. vthe latter,v the. aforesaid member
opposing surfaceof. the saidendofthe heel-and
being, moreover attachedlto the heel by securing
elements inserted, throughthe aforesaid holes, .a
1servingto<prevent the. heel.‘ from. splitting when
theéelements a-re?driven in.
~ 2. In combination, .a. solidheel'theouter end
'topepiece- whichis secured» by elementsidriven
.atlits periphery; so as to fit within the said rab-I
'beted edge and surroundathelheel, and. a top
piece. which is - secured-by elements?driven “into
the'last mentioned. elementsaare driven in,.;alnd
;of which/is formed, with a. rabbeted: edge, .a .plate 60 into the heel throughthe apertures,<lthe plate
serving to prevent the.‘ heel‘ ltrom splitting.’ when
having therein at least oneaperture-andtslrlaped
the heel: through .the apertures. the-peripheral
a heel covering the edge of which at the, top. piece
end- is inturned. over the'?ange'd. plate so ‘as-lto-be
secured between the latter and, theLtopsf'T'pieee.»
portion: of ,the' plate serving a to, prevent-the. heel
ifrom splitting whenthe said elements are driven
"crs 'WARD'
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