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Патент USA US2406311

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Aug. 27, 1946.
`
G, w_.A$|-||_0¢K, JR
42,406,311
ARTICLE ORIENTATION
Filed Feb. 21, 1945
5 Sheets-Sheet l
V
ATTÚRNEY
A118- 27, 1946-
2,406,31 1
G. w. AsH‘LocK, JR
I
ARTICLE ORIENTATION
Filed Feb. 2l) 1945
43 Sheets-Sheet 2
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Aug. 27,1946. „
_ _Q; w. ASHLOQK, JR l
I >ARTICLE ORIENT-'Afl'ION` .
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- Filed Feb. 21, 1945
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2,406,311
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5 sheets-sheet s
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Patented Aug. 27, 1946
2,406,311
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,406,311
ARTICLE ORIENTATION
George W. Ashlock, Jr., Oakland, Calif.
Appliéation February 2,11, 1945, serial No. 579,141
>12, Claims. (Cl. 1538-33)
1
2
This invention relates to improvements in de
vices for receiving an article in any position and
for orienting the article into adesired position.
A typical example of this is the so-called straight
ening operation performed upon cherries and like
fruits, the cherries being deposited upon the de
vice in haphazard positions of alignment, the de
vice operating upon the cherries to place them
in a desired position, usually one wherein the
stem indent in the cherry and the longitudinal 10
pit axis are in alignment with a vertical axis. ‘
Orientation or straightening of such articles is
generally practiced because the articles are sub
ject to a subsequent operation wherein the stone
0r pit present is removed or lthe article is other
wise processed. With the article in a predeter
.
invention to provide an improved orienting de
vice.
v
,
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A further object of the present invention is to
provide an orienting device in which the article
is positively rotated until it is oriented, the article
thereafter being maintained in its oriented posi
tion.
A
-
The invention includes other objects and fea
tures of advantage, some of which, together with
the foregoing, will appear hereinafter wherein
the present preferred form of orienting device is
disclosed.
'
Y
In the drawings accompanying and forming-a
part hereof,
Figure 1 is a side elevation with portions of the
machine broken away and shown in section to in
mined position, the subsequent processing opera
dicate the general assembly.- `
'
«~
.
Figure 2 is a plan view, portions of the ma
chine being omitted or broken away to show the
fully ejected through the stem indent with a 20 relation between the main fruit conveyor and
the fruit orientor driving means.
»
minimum of bruising visible on the exterior sur
face of the fruit.
Figure 3 is a transverse view in section show
tion can be performed in a predetermined man
ner. For example, the stone or pit can be force
ing the relation between the main fruit conveyor
means, the orienting device and the drive for the
The earliest successful orientation device rof
which I am aware is that disclosed in the Goran
‘
y
-'
son Patent 1,742,653 issued January ’7, 1930. 25 orientors.
Figure 4 and Figure 5 each include a plan View,
Subsequently I have introduced other machines
a side and an end elevation illustrating the con
for performing the orientation operation and one
struction of the orientors provided, Figure 4 illus
may refer to my prior Patents Nos. 2,212,892 and
trating an orientor to be rotated in a clockwise
2,213,893 for examples of these. The various
means disclosed in these patents operate with a
direction while the orienter shown in Figure 5
high degree of efñciency on `fruit which is sub
is to be rotated in a counterclockwise direction.
stantially. spherical, Present fruit grading op
Figure 6 is a transverse section taken across
the machine looking toward the front of the ma
erations include the use .of mechanical devices
which size the article by its maximum dimension.
Thus, in the case of cherries, truly spherical ones
chine.
tion between the main conveyor, the orientors
and the means for positioning and for drivin
and ovoidal ones will be found in the same grade
because each shape was of the same maximum
size. Prior machines will not straighten nor
orient an ovoidal shaped fruit with any degree
of eñiciency and one or more inspectors are usu
ally employed upon each machine to either re
move the irregularly shaped cherries or else to
~
Figure 7 is a side elevation illustrating therela-the orientors.
40
»
v
The main frame and main conveyor
The machine of the present invention comprises
a suitable frame generally indicated at 6 and in
straighten them by hand prior to the processing
cluding suitably spaced side plates 8 mounted
step. If this is not done then the product from
the processing operation must be inspected and
upon the legs ‘l and providing a support for a
main conveyor IE). At each end of the side plates
each offgrade article removed, the article being
shafts YSi and I I are mounted in suitable bearings, l
“oifgrade” because the pit was removed, for ex
ample, through the side and not through the
each shaft carrying a pair of sprockets I2 sup
porting a continuous conveyor chain I4.
Each of the chains includes links having ears
it projecting therefrom to provide support vfor
stem indent.
'
The machine of the present invention is par
ticularly suited to the orienting of those general
ly arcuate articles which have an indent at one
end thereof irrespective of whether the article is
article carriers indicated generally by numeral
i1 and preferably formed as is more particu--V
larly shown anddescribed in my prior Patents
spherical or ovoidal.
,
Nos. 2,209,305 or 2,314,862. Each of the article
It is in gener-a1 the broad object of the present 55 carriers includes a base plate'lß upon which is
2,406,311
f
3
mounted a rubber plate I9 retained in place as
4, for example, I have shown an orienting mem
by .being bonded directly to the metal base plate
ber 5I which is adapted to be rotated in a clock- ,
I8 or by utilization of pins 2 I.
wisedirection, the member being slotted as at
Each of the car
52 to provide upstanding prong-like projections t
riers includes a plurality of article receptacles 22,
each receptacle having an aperture 23 in the bot
tom thereof. In the form shown, six receptacles
53 and 54, the leading edges 55 of which advance
upon rotation and pinch the surface of the fruit
Yare provided but more or less can be employed.
to engageand rotate the fruit positively. In Fig
Each receptacle is of a size somewhat larger than
ure 5 is shown an orienting member 5I which is
the article to be handled.
.
~ -
to be rotated in a counterclockwise direction, the
`
several elements thereof being reversed with re-~
The drive
spect to those shown in Figure 4.
Considerable attention must be given to the
The main or article conveyor I0 provided by
chain I4 and the several carriers I'I is prefer
' formation of the orienting end of the orienting
member or else positive rotation of the fruit to .c
ably moved continuously about an arcuate* path
and in the form of machine disclosed this is
accomplished by a motor-speedreducer unit in--v 1
dicated generally at 3I and mounted on super
structure 3U. `A drive shaft 32 extends there
be such asV to ensure positive engagement of the
fruit surface. If one observes the action of the
from and upon this is Vmounted a sprocket 33. ~ A
chain 34 is passed about this sprocket and about
sprocket 35 ona shaft 36 journalled in the super
structure.
The
superstructure
be oriented is not obtained. Merely engaging
fruitwith a rotatable element does not suffice and
the form of the> orienting element employed must
orienting member it Ywill be found that the fruit
isy positively rotatedY and that the time required
for orientation is, in eifect, the time required for
positively engaging surfaces on the orienting
can include ‘ a
processing device such as the pitting and stoning
mechanism disclosed in my Patents 2,157,518 and
2,219,832. Shaft 33 also carries a sprocket 31 con
member to traverse the fruit surface a distance
equal to the spacing, in the'direction of move
ment of the fruit, between the stem indent end
and the point of engagement of the orienting
Y nected by chain 33 to a sprocket 39 on idler shaft
40.' Another sprocket MI on the idler shaft 4i)
is connected .by chain |42 to a sprocket E43 on
member. The actionv is comparable'to that in
shaft ‘Bsothe processing mechanism and the
stepping oif a given lineal distance with a pairy
conveyor `III are driven in ya timed relationship. 30 of dividers except that the dividers are rotated
Sprocket|43 is rotatable on shaft'9 (see Fig. 1 in
about their common axis and the surface is
Patent 2,157,158) so the processing mechanism
caused to move by their rotation.
and the conveyormove continuously and in the '
The orienting members are each supported
above the bottom of the receptacle 22 a distance
proper relationship.
"
-
corresponding to the depth of the stem indent,
so that when the fruit is .-oriented, each orienting
At the rear end of the machine, a continuous
member rotates in the stem indent and does not
supply of articles to be oriented and subsequent
disturb the oriented fruit. Thus, the orientation
ly processed are delivered to the main conveyor
is a matter of Contact between the Yorienting
’by conveyor 4I movable through hopper 45 over 4.0 member and thesurface of the unoriented fruit,
support plate 42 in a timed relation to the move
the orienting member moving the fruit positively
ment of conveyor IU, conveyor4I being driven by
into oriented position when the orienting contact
sprocket ¿i3A on shaft II connected by chain 44 to
is released and the orienting‘member is no longer
sprocket 46Y on shaft 41 which supports the for
effective to disturb the orientation but instead,
ward end of conveyor 4I. The relation between < ' serves, to maintain the article or fruit in this po
conveyor ¿4I and conveyor I4', the driving of these
and the manner of depositing articles from con
One must also regulateA the ratek of rotation of
veyorY 4I >onto conveyor I4 is fully shown and set
they orientation members because I have found
forth in Ymy Patent No. 2,288,062. The supply of
that the speed of rotation is related to the weight
articles to the main conveyor can be provided in
of the fruit. By observing the operation of the ma
'
The feed hopper
sition.
' any desired manner and that shown is one used
successfully. '
.
Y
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chine, one- can correlater the rate of orientation
,
The orientation ' operation
Each article delivered by conveyor 4I onto con- veyor I0 is arranged in a haphazard and random
with the speed of rotation of the orienting mem
bers, changing the rate to secure the orientation
in the least possible period of time and so ensuring
thatl the greatest number of articles will be
oriented during the permissible period of orienta
manner in its supporting receptacle 22. If these
are to be processed to produce the highest grade
of article, it is necessary that each» article be
turned until its stem indent is in a predetermined
position, preferably with the stem indent over
lying aperture 23 so that subsequently, for exam
ple, the pit or stone can be ejected through the
stemrindent and through the aperture 23 in the
receptacle 22 by the mechanism of my Patents
ture. Since the present machine is intended to
permit fruit stoning, means are provided for rais
ing the orientors into position and for rotating
2,157,518 and 2,219,832.
them.
tion.
»
Rotation of the orientors
If the subsequent processing operation does not
require use of apertures 23, the orientors can be
constructed in a permanent relation to each aper
.
In accordance with this invention, means are
` provided for orienting the fruit in the receptacles
22. This means comprises a rod-like orientor`
member generally indicated at 5I and adapted to4 i
engage positively the fruit in receptacle 22. De
pending upon the direction of rotation of the
member 5I, that end of the orientor which en
gages the fruit is formed so as to engage the sur
face of the fruit‘positively. VReferring to Figure
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isY
.
To provide a support for the orienting members
a plate 5I is mounted upon each of the fruit car
riers I?. As is illustrated in Figure 6, each car
rier is secured at each end to chain I4 by a screw
52. Each screw extends into a rod 63 which'posi
tions the carrier and acts as a spacer and sup
port for plate ßI, the threaded end 64 of the rod
being passed through the plate 6I, nuts 66 being
placed thereon to secure the plate in position.
2,406,31 1
5
6
Thus, each plate 6| extends across the machine
beneath each of the carriers in a fixed spaced
relation.` A threaded barrel 1| is screwed 4into
each plate below and in alignment with each
aperture 23 to provide a support for a shaft 12 ci
which is passed through the barrel.
A spring 13 `
is positioned between shoulder 14 on the shaft
12 and a drive pulley or wheel 16 positioned on
the end of shaft 12 and secured in place by screw
11 andwasher 18. A pin 19 is inserted in the
shaft, the pin fitting in a slot 8| formed in the
pulley 16 and providing a sliding connection 4be
tween shaft 12 and the pulley.
-
As appears in Figures 3, 6 and 7, a plurality of
belts 86 are provided, each belt being engaged
`belt whereupon a positive driving engagement be
tween the wheels 18 and the belt is secured. `
' The upward thrust of springs 13 upon plate 6|
is transmitted to conveyor chains I4. To prevent
these from being lifted, guide plates |3| are se
cured in place on side plates |2 by angle iron
members |32», the chains i4 thus passing between
upper and lower guides between shaft 92 and
shaft 9|.
„
'
Due to the fact that belts 86 move at a‘rela
. tively faster rate than does the conveyor, wheelsr
16 are turned and each of the orienting members
is thus rotated in its receptacle to engage fruit
positively and effect its rotation therein as has
been previously described.
on opposite sides thereof by a pulley 16 on an
When the main conveyor reaches that point in
end of one of the shafts 12 whereby the shafts 12y
its travel >just beyond‘the position of shaft 90, the
are'rotated in opposite directions. Inasmuch as
orienting members are permitted to drop down
the main conveyor disclosed includes six recep
out of the receptacles and the apertures 23 are
tacles, three belts are provided as is indicated in 20 thus freed for subsequent fruit processing, if this
Figure 6, each belt driving a pair` of orientor4
be desired. For example, removal of the orient
shafts. To drive the belts and at the same. time
ing members from apertures 23 enables cherries ~
to be . pitted, the pits being suitably ejected
provide support therefor, a pair of plates 81 are
secured together in a spaced relationship by
through the apertures 23 by the pitting mecha
spacer bolts 88, the plates being mounted upon
nisms disclosed in my Patents No. 2,157,518 and
only one of the side plates 8 by suitable studs 89
No. 2,219,832, and which mechanism is located
in the superstructure 30 in Figure 1.
'
to permit the belts to be removed and replaced
readily. At opposite ends of the plates 81 are
Between sprockets |2 at each end of the ma
provided shafts 90 and 9|, the latter extending
chine, -drums |0| are provided to lift each of the
through a plate 8 for driving by a separate prime 30 orienting members and their associated parts and
mover (not shown) which includes speed regula
permit the conveyor1 to return about the sprockets
tion means. Along the upper run of the plates
without jamming of the wheels 16 as the con
veyor* returns. '
.
'
are provided a plurality ofsmall pulleys 92, there
being three sets of these disposed in a row along
Wobble notation
the machine, each of the small pulleys being so
Referring particularly to Figures 3, 4 and 5, it
closely adjacent to the other that in effect each
will be noted that each of the orienting members
`belt 86 moves over a straight line path parallel
5| is mounted loosely upon a pin ||| extended
to that Aof the main conveyor I0. Pulleys 93 on
transversely through the hole ||0 in end ||2 of
shaft 9| are of a smaller diameter than are pulleys
shaft 12; the aperture ||0 is larger than the pin
94 on shaft 90 at the forward end of the machine 40
Hl which supports the member 5|. It will also
tov permit belt 86 to lift the several orienting
shafts 12 and the orienting members 5| from the
disengaged position (righthand side of Fig. 1 and
Fig. ’7) into engagement with fruit in the several
receptacles 22.
Y
- be observed upon reference to Figure 3 that I
have shown each orienting member 5| as spaced
from the sides of apertures 23. This is done in
tentionally, the sides of apertures 23 providing a
loose support for the orienting member 5| so that
To maintain the desired lift an additional roller
these wobble as. they rotate»y >This I have found
96 is provided on shaft 91 to provide the first lift
enables the orientors to be much more effective.
or elevation in the belt after it passes over pulley
When the >fruit is oriented, the engagement of
93 while the final lift and direction onto the
planar portion of the belt path is provided by a 50 the end of the member with the stem indent pre
vents the member from a wobble rotation.
pulley 98 on shaft 99. Between pulleys 98 and
Receptacle flooding
94, the belt run is parallel to that of the main
conveyor.
'
As appears in Figure 1, I preferably position
As appears in the righthand portion of Fig. 1
a pipe | 2| over each row of articles on the
and Fig. '7, the normal position of the orienting 55 main conveyor undergoing orientation, ejecting `
members is in the retracted position wherein the
through nozzles >|22 on this pipe a suitable lu
members lie outside of the apertures 23. How
bricant, as is disclosed in my prior Patent No.
ever,> as the main conveyor moves along, each
2,308,038, to facilitate orientation and to lubri
wheel 16 is brought into contact with one ofthe
cate the orienting members 5| in apertures 23.
belts 86, on one side or the other thereof, the 60
Carriers
orienting member` 5| being thus gradually pro->
jected upwardly through its associated aperture
While I have disclosed my invention in con-r
23 into the receptacle until iinally the orienting
nection with carriers Il Vhaving semi-spherical
member projects through aperture 23 into the
receptacles 22 therein, of the form disclosed in
receptacle the required distance.
65 my Patents 2,209,305 and 2,314,862, one can also
When each of the wheels 16 has been raised by
utilize receptacles of other configurations. For
belt 86 so that the orienting member associated
example, I have successfully utilized a receptacle
therewith is in its projected position and extends
having straight sides and an open bottom as is
through aperture 23 to engage fruit for orienta
shown in Figure 5 of my Patent 2,296,490 and
tion in the receptacle 22, springs 13 will be com
70 in. Figures 4, 5, and 6 of my Patent 2,190,970.
pressed and each shaft member 12 will be moved
What is essential is that the fruit engaging
upwardly in itsV associated support 1| until shoul
means on the end of pins 5| be such as to en
der |03 thereon engages a cooperating shoulder
gage the fruit surface positively. Fruit engag
in the end of support 1|. The tension of the
ing means which merely slide over or slip on the
spring will then be exerted downwardly on the 75 surface of the fruit are not successful; to en
32,406,311
sure
positive
rotation' 'until
achieved,- positive fruit surface engagement must
exist between the end` ofthepin and the fruit
surface.
.
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i
plurality of projections on its upper terminal
end, each projection having a relatively sharp,
knife-like end formed by a substantially flat ver
Èical face and a rearwardly extending trailing
- The rotatable pins can be mounted on a se -
arate conveyor (as conveyor 60 in my Patent
ace.
.
'
4. In an indented fruit handling machine, the
' 2,296,490) movedin a timed relation with the
combination of a holder for the fruit having an
opening in its under side, means for placing the
article‘conveyor l0 to position each pin for rota
tion in an article receptacle.
18
’comprising a verticallyl positioned` rod having
orientation ' is
In case of a con
veyor advanced only intermittently and not con
tinuously, ’the pins can be projected and rotated
by suitable mechanism such as that disclosed in
the aforementioned- Goranson patent. The pins
fruit in the holder Linfany position, and means
extending through said opening andrrotatable
the articlesto orient the articles with the dimple
opposite to the direction of rotation of said rod.
at the top.
5. In an indented fruit handling machine, a
fruit conveyor movable over a path and having
therein to engage thel fruit positively in a driv
ing engagement to turn the fruit intoY a >posi
tion with the indent downward, said fruit turn
need not operate fromV below the article except
'when it is desired to have the dimple or stem 15 ing means comprising a vertically positioned rod
having a plurality‘of projections on its upper
indent at the bottom. If it is desired to locate
terminal end, each projection having a relatively
the articles with the dimple or indent reversed
sharp, knife-like end formed by a substantially
180° from the position shown in Figure 3, Ithe
flat vertical face and a trailing face extending
pin conveyor can run along parallel to and over
'a portion of the run of conveyor l0 to rotate 20 away from said vertical face and in a direction'
'A
'
Y
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'Y
'
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Stem
indent
a
used broadly herein and as including surface
configurations suitable for orienting engage
ment-by pins 5l irrespective of whether or not
this conñguration is provided by nature or by
an operation performed on the article. This will
-serve to illustrate the breadth in applicability of
the present invention. For example, some types
of olives have such a small stem indentation that
a pin 5I can engage and locate.
plurality Y of
article
receptacles
arranged
serially, each receptacle having an opening in
the `bottom thereof, a series of pins carried by
said conveyor7 each pin'being adapted to be pro
jected through an opening in a receptacle bot
tom and having a plurality of knife-like edges on
30 its projected end formed to engage positively in
' The- terms “stem indent” and “dimple” are
a driving engagement the surface of an article in
said receptacle, means for moving each pin to
project through an opening, and means for rotat
If Such an olive
ing a pin while projected. Y
be pitted, as is shown in my Patent 2,271,675 35
6. In an indented fruit handling machine, a
(Figures 2_4), a sulìcient indentation is formed
fruit conveyor movable over a path and having
to enable the olive to be oriented successively in
a plurality of article receptacles arranged serially,
another operation after it has been pitted. Thus
`each receptacle having an opening in the bottom
pitted olives can be later oriented accurately,
thereof, a series of pins carried by said conveyor,
after having been pitted and then assembled in
each pin being arranged in an immediate and
a'random mass,- for stumng with pimiento, nuts,
cooperative association with one of said recep
onions, or the like.
I claim:
‘
`
`
1.,'A device for orienting an article having a
tacles and being adapted to be projected through
an opening in a receptacle bottom, the projected
end of each pin having a plurality of relatively
generally spherical contour and a stem indent,
sharp, knife-like fruit engaging projections
said device comprising a receptacle for support
thereon to engage fruit positively, means for
ing said article, said receptacle having an open
moving each pin to project through an opening,
ing therein, aV rod member of substantially
and lmeans for rotating a pin while projected.
smaller diameter than said opening and extend
'7. In an indented fruit handling machine, a
ing through said opening to engage an article 50 frame having opposite parallel side members, a
therein, means supporting said member for a
fruit conveyor movable over a path and having
wobble rotation in said opening, means on said
a plurality of article receptacles arranged serially,
rod member adapted to engage said article posi
each receptacle having an opening in the bot
tively, and means for rotating said rod mem
tom thereof, a seriesof pins carried by said con
ber in said opening.
55 veyor, each pin being arranged in an immediate
2. A device for orienting an article having a
generally spherical contour and a stem indent,
said device comprising a receptacle for support
ing said article, said receptacle having an open
and cooperative association with one of said re
ceptacles and being adapted to be projected
through an opening in a receptacle bottom and
having'its projected end formed to engage posi
ing therein, a rod memberv of smaller diameter 60 tively in a driving engagement the surface of
than said opening and extending through said
an article in said receptacle, a second frame
opening into said receptacle only a distance suf
mounted on only one of said side members and
iicient to permit said member to rotate freely
spaced from the other of said side members, a
when said member is in said stem indent, means
plurality of rollers on said second frame, and
supporting said member for a wobble rotation
an endless belt adapted to be positioned over said
in said opening, means on said rod member >to
second frame on said'rollers to project each pin
engagesaid article positively, and means for ro
into an aperture and rotate said pin Yin said aper
tating said rodmember in'said opening.
ture, and means for rotating a pin while pro- v
3. In an indented fruit handling machine, the
jected.
y
combination of a holder for the fruit having an 70
8. A fruit orienting device consisting of a pin
opening in its under side, means for placing the
' having a longitudinal axis and adapted to be ro
fruit in the holder in any position, and means
tated about said axis in a selected direction, said
for engaging the fruit positively in a driving en
pin having one end adapted to engage a fruit sur
face positively, said end including a slot extend
gagement to turn the fruit into a position with
the indent downward, said fruit turning means
ing across said pin and defining two opposite ter
2,406,311
minal projections, said projections each having a
leading edge and a trailing face sloping down
wardly from said leading edge and in a direction
opposite to said selected direction.
9. A -fruit orienting device consisting of a pin
having a longitudinal axis and adapted to be
rotated about said axis in a selected direction,
said pin having one end adapted ‘to engagea
fruit surface positively, said end including a slot
extending across said Din and defining two oppo
site terminal projections, said projections each
having a relatively sharp, knife-like, leading edge
10
fruit in the holder in any position, and a Din
extending through said aperture and rotatable
therein to .engage the fruit positively in a driv
ing engagement to .turn the fruit into a position
with the indent downward, said pin having a`
longitudinal axis and adapted to be rotated about
said axis in a selected direction, said pin having
one end adapted to engage a fruit surface posi
tively, said end including at least two projections
thereon, each projection having a leading face
and a trailing face sloping down and away from
said leading face t0 provide a tooth-like projec
and a trailing face sloping downwardly from said
tion for positive engagement with' a fruit surface.
leading edge and in a direction opposite to said
12. In an indented fruit handling machine, the
selected direction.
15 combination of a holder for the fruit having an
10. In an indented fruit handling machine, the
opening in its under side, means for placing the
combination of a holder for :the fruit having an
fruit in the holder in any position and a pin
opening in its under side, means for placing the
extending through said opening and rotatable
fruit in the holder in any position, and a pin for
therein to engage the fruit positively in a driv
engaging the fruit positively in a driving en
ing engagement to turn the fruit into a position
gagement to turn the fruit into a position with
with the indent downward, means supporting
the indent downward, said pin having a longitu
said fruit engaging means for rotation with re
dinal axis and adapted to be rotated about said
spect to said holder over a circular path of a
axis in a selected direction, said pin having one
greater diameter than the diameter of said open
end adapted to engage a fruit surface positively, 25 ing, said pin having a longitudinal axis and
said end including a slot extending across said
adapted to be rotated about said axis in a se
pin and defining two opposite terminal projec
lected direction, said pin having one end adapted
tions, said projections each having a leading edge
to engage a fruit surface positively, said end in
and a trailing face sloping downwardly from said
cluding at least two projections thereon, each
leading edge and in a direction opposite to said 30 projection having a leading face substantially
selected direction.
parallel to said axis and a trailing face sloping
11. In an indented fruit handling machine, the
down and away from said leading face in a direc
combination of a holder for the fruit having an
tion opposite to said selected direction.
opening in its under side, means for placing the
GEORGE W. ASHLOCK, JR.
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