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Патент USA US2406334

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Ailg- 27; 1946-
’ w. c. KELLER EITAL
; '
2;‘106334
BRACKET FOR SUPPbBTING 4N OXYGEN-BOTTLEv OR THE LIKE I __
,
Filed June 21,.v 1944
I
2 Sheétjw-Shget. 1- '
'
Aug. '27, 19.46- ‘ '
Y
'
w. C. KELLER ETAL
2,406,334
BRACKET FOR SUPPORTING'AN OXYGEN BOTTLE oR'THE LIKE
'
Filed June 21, 1944
-
2 Sheets-Sheet 2* '
Patented Aug. 27, 1946
,7 2,406,334
UNITED STATES " PATENT" foFFIcE _
BRACKET FOR SUPPORTING OXYGEN
BOTTLES OR THE LIKE
William 0. Keller and Leo F. Fuday, San Diego,
Calif., assignors to Consolidated VulteevAir
craft Corporation, San Diego, Calif., a corpora
tion of Delaware
Application June 21, 1944, Serial No. 541,360
-
(Cl. 248-311)
2 Claims.
1
2
,
features which are hereinafter set forth and are
The present invention . relates generally to
brackets.
more particularly de?ned by claims‘ at the con
More particularly the invention re
lates to that type of bracket which is adapted to
clusion hereof.
I
In the drawings which accompany and form a
be attached to a wall or panel and serves as a‘
medium or instrumentality for releasably sup
part of this speci?cation or disclosure and in -
porting a frequently used article.
One object of the invention is'to provide a
bracket of this type which is adapted for use in
which like numerals of reference denote corre
an airplane or other vehicle and is primarily de~ \
ceptacle type bracket embodying the invention;
signed and constructed to support a container of 10
the bottle variety such, for example as a portable
Figure 2 is a rear perspective view of the
bracket showing an oxygen bottle in place in the
bottle for supplying oxygen to one of the oc
bracket;
sponding parts throughout the several views:
Figure 1 is a front perspective view of a re
'
V
‘
Figure 3 is a vertical longitudinal section of’
cupants of the airplanewhile the airplane is
traveling at a high altitude where rari?ed at
the bracket;
f
.
~
Figure 4 is a transverse horizontal section taken
mosphere is encountered.
15
on the line. 4-4 of Figure 3 and illustrating in
Another object of the invention is to provide
mouth at the top thereof and has ?exible lat
detail the construction and arrangement of the
coil tension spring which serves in conjunction
with the upper ends of said segments to form a
erally spaced side segments which are shaped
yieldable restricted entrance ‘mouth at‘the top
conformably to the curved side portion of the
oxygen bottle and are adapted when the bottle
is in supported relation with the bracket to grip
of the receptacle type bracket; and
’
Figure 5 is a transverse horizontal section
a bracket of the last mentioned character which
is in the form of a receptacle having an open
taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 3 and showing
the shape or design of the lower ends of the side
segments at the point where they join the bracket
it is not subject to vibration, and in addition can
not be accidentally displaced relatively to the
bottom.
The bracket which is shown in the drawings
bracket in connection with vertical acceleration
of the airplane with which the bracket is em
constitutes the preferred ‘form or embodiment of
ployed.
.
the invention. It is of the so-called receptacle
Another object of the invention is to provide a 30 type or variety, comprises a‘bottom'part 6; an
upstanding back part 1, and ‘a plurality of up
bracket of the type and character last mentioned
standing laterally spaced side segments 8, and is
in which the upper ends of the‘ side segments
primarily designed and adapted releasably or
have a coil or helical tension spring therearound
and form therewith a yielding mouth which per
removably to support a portable bottle I) for sup
mits the oxygen bottle to be readily inserted into, 35 plying oxygen to one of the occupants of an air
plane travelling at a'high altitude or elevation.
and removed from, the bracket.
A further ‘object of. the invention is to pro
The bottle b is of conventional or standard de
sign and has hemispherical upper and lower
vide a bracket of the last mentioned character
in which the upper ends of the ?exible side seg
ends together with a valve structure for supply
the bottle in such a snug ortight manner that
ments are bent outwards, downwards and in 40 ing oxygen from its interior to an oxygen mask
(not shown). It is contemplated that the bracket
wards to form tubular‘ lips which extend around,
and serve to hold in place, the coil or helical ten
will be attached to one of the interior walls or
panels of the airplane at a point immediately
sion spring.
A still further object of the invention is to
adjacent one of the permanent or temporary seats
provide an oxygen bottle supporting bracket 45 or stations for the airplane occupants. It is fur
which is generally-of new and improved con
ther contemplated that the oxygen bottle will
struction, effectively and ef?ciently ful?lls its
be inserted into the bracket and supported there
intended purpose and is characterized by the fact
that it is light in Weight and may beproduced at
~by when the bottle user occupies the station ad
anextremely low cost.
‘
'
Other objects of the invention and the vari
ous advantages and characteristics of the pres
ent bracket Will be apparent from a consideration
jacent which the bracket isdisposed.
50
v
The bottom part 6, the back part 1 and the side
segments 8 of the bracket are preferably formed
of comparatively thick cotton or other fabric
which is impregnated under heat and pressure
with‘Bakelite or any other suitable “plastic” type
of the following detailed description.
The‘invention consists’ in the several novel 55 material having a’ limited degree: of ?exibility.
72,406,334
‘ Because of the‘type of material of which they ‘
1 are formed the bottom part, back part and side
‘ segments are comparatively stiff and hence retain
The .bot
‘ their normal or predetermined shape.
they are straight or flat and join the subjacent'v .
marginal portions of the bracket bottom part 6.
The upper ends of the side segments extend in
wards and in conjunction with a coil or helical ‘
‘ tom part 6 is dished or downwardly bulged in con
‘ formity with the hemispherical'lower‘end'of the 1
tension spring I‘! form a yield-able restricted en
1 oxygen bottle‘ I). It ‘embodies in the'central por3 tion thereof a comparatively large circular hole
bracket, Such mouth is of less thickness than
.
trance mouth at the top 'of the receptacle type '
the diameter of the central portion of the oxygen
, .bottle. The height of the side segments 8 is
vThe .10 , such that when the bottle is in place in the brack
‘ 9 and is adapted when the bracket is in use to
assume a substantially horizontal position.
1 hole 9‘ has a twofold purpose in that it prevents
accumulation of foreign matter in the bottom ‘
et the restricted entrance mouth at the top of
the bracket extends-around the central portion 1
1 part and also permits the user of the .bracket'to
of the upper hemispherical end of the bottle, as
shown in Figure l. The spring ll is arranged
insert his or her ?nger upwards through‘said ‘
j bottom part in connection with'removal of *the
1 oxygen bottle from the bracket. A pad ll! of felt
;' or other soft material is glued or otherwise?xedly ‘
secured to the upper face of the bottom part 6 h.
f and serves as a cushion for the lower end ofthe 1
Q oxygen-bottle when the bottle is in place in the
bracket. -As"shown in the drawings, the padid
inthe'form‘of an arc and surrounds the upper
ends of the side segments 8. The ends of the
spring are provided with circular loops l8 and
these are detachably connected to externally dis
posed hooks |9 on the upper ends of the side por
tions I2 of the bracket back part 1. The upper
extremities of the side segments 8 are bent out
‘ is provided with a central hole which is the same
‘ in size'as, and registers with, the hole 9 in the
‘ bottom part ‘6 of the bracket.
wards, downwards and slightly inwards in order
to form outwardly disposed tubular lips 20 which
The back part ‘I of the bracket extends upwards
from, and is formed integrally with, the rear mar
ginal portion of the 'bottomwpart ~~6 andconsists
portions of the spring l1. When the oxygen bot
tle is inserted part way‘ into the receptacle'type
I of a ?at intermediate portion -H and a pair of
the side segments 8 of the bracket ‘to-‘flex or
expand outwards in order to accommodate the
bottle. As soon as the bottleisshiftedzfurther
surround and serve to hold in place the adjacent ,
bracket the spring 'llipermitsthe upperends of
?at side portions 12.‘ The *sideportionsi of vthe
= back part are joined;to,~and extendforwards'and 30
1 outwards from, the side margins of the intermedi- 1 ‘downwards so'that the lower end thereof is in
ate portion I I.
‘ termediate portion H is ‘adapted ‘to fit ?atly
‘ against the wall or panel to which the bracket
abutment with the bracketxbottom ‘part ,5 fthe
spring I? contracts and swings or ?exes inwards
the upper ends of thesidesegments #8 untilthey
"as a whole is “attached, and hasat its upper end
. are in gripping relation with the central portion
The latter portion, i, e.,' the in-J ‘
of the upper end of the bottle.
i a pair of sideby side apertures l3 through-which ‘
Whent-hebottle
is in place inthe receptacle type bracketgpit' is
tightly and snugly gripped ;or ‘con?ned, ‘by the
In attaching the bracket the screws in are vinv
side segments Band hence “not subjectjto .vibra-:
serted through the apertures 13 and are then
driven into the wall or panel vof the airplane. 40 tion due to. looseness. By ‘reason of‘the ‘fact-that
the mouth at the top of the bracketiskyiel-dable
When the screws-are in place they hold the
bracket in a ?xed position.
and of the restricted entrance varietylthexbottle
when in place'in ‘the bracket is‘ not‘ sl-ikelyztoibe
The intermediate portion H of the bracket
accidentally displaced in connection ,rwithpvertical
back part 1 has glued or otherwise ?xedly secured
i a, pair of attaching screws ‘l4 maybe inserted.
5
‘
1
1
1
P acceleration of the airplanewith‘which'thebrack
; to ‘the front face thereof 'a longitudinally extend
ing strip IS. The upper ends of the side-por
: tions 12 of the ‘back part‘ ‘I have glued or other
wise ?xedly secured to their inner faces longi
‘ tudinally extending strips l6. Such strips; l5 and
. l6 are formed of felt or like material :having a
1 low "coefficient k'of'friction "and serve togpermit
‘ the oxygen bottle to be slid readily intoandlout ‘
. Q of the bracket.
Preferably the upper front
~cor
7
et is'employed; vThe upper ends, of ithersidef seg
ments have gluedor otherwisesecured':tbrtheir
inner‘faces strips- :2! ;of feltvor likem'aterial in
order to permit the bottle to be slid readilydnto
and out of'place with respect to.thebracket..1:f13he
upper ends of the ‘strips zlextend aroim'dwhe
lip de?ning upper’ extremities. of the segments :8.
The spring vI‘! is. of such ilengthxthat the=convolu
‘ ners of said side portions l2 of the .bracket back
. tions thereof ‘abut against oneanother safte'rfthe
part ‘I are cut away so as to facilitate-insertion
55 springhas urged inwards the side rsegment's'ia
The‘ .felt strip: L5
to a limited extent directly following ‘removal-Lei
the oxygen bottle b from the bracket.
the
result ‘of this spring arrangement themouthihf
the bracket does not contract to such valtgreat
‘ of the ‘bottle into the bracket.
1 is preferably of greater thickness than the-strips
'1 I8 and is of such thicknessth'at it covers the
heads of the attaching screws M.
'
The upstanding side segments~8 ‘of the-bracket
extent as to preclude easy insertion-ofsthe bottle '
‘ are spaced laterally apart ‘and,'as best shown in
into the bracket. "As previously pointedroututhe
Figures 4 and 5, are'iarranged in an arcuate series.
1 They are preferably four in number and vhave
spring serves after full or complete insertion =.of
the bottle into the. bracket, so to contract ."the
upper ends of the side segments Bthat theyf?rmly
with the side and‘front marginal portions of 65 grip the ~central portion of the upperpriihemie
the bracket bottom part 6. A's-shown vin Figure
spherical ‘end of the bottle andeth-usiho‘ld the-‘bot
‘ the lower or root ends-thereof for-med integrally
‘ 5 the lower or'root ends .of the segments '8 are
tleIgfabricating
in place in thethe
bracket.
bracket the mammals‘,
"'
. straight at the point where they join the bottom
j part in order that ‘the side segments ‘are per;
thefside parts‘! and the side segments 18', {before
mitted to‘ ?ex inwards, and/outwards :without 70 application of the felt strips and 'rtnel-spnn viare
I appreciablelikelihood offracture at‘theirppoints
of juncture with the ‘bottom’ part. :The sideseg
3 ments-B are outwardly‘bulged in a-len‘gthwise .
1 direction. and ¢ are transversely .zcurved except. .at
molded to the pro-per shape ‘byway of a 'sin ably
shaped die (not'shown). By utilizingka'suitable
die the side segments-maybe-‘s'o shaped-thatthe
lower ends thereof have the-"desiredstraightriess
f their: lower rendswhere; aspreviouslypointed but, 75 or i?atn'ess ‘at theirpoints »ol"~juncture- withi'the
2,406,334
5
6
adjacent portions of the dished or downwardly
bulged bottom part 6. When the molding opera
tion is completed the back part 1, due to its cross
sectional design, is substantially rigid and the
side segments, due to their shape and design, are
claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
?exible inwards and outwards to a limited ex
tent. At'the conclusion of initial shaping the
upper extremities of the side segments are bent
so as to form the tubular lips 29. Thereafter the
Patent is:
1. As a new article of manufacture, a bracket ‘
designed releasably to support a container hav
ing substantially hemispherical upper and lower
ends and comprising an upstanding substantially
rigid back part adapted to ?t against and be
connected to a supporting structure, a ‘substan
tially rigid dished or downwardly bulged bottom
felt strips I5, l6 and 21 are glued or otherwise 10 part connected to, and projecting forwards from,
the lower end of the back part, a plurality of
secured in place. After mounting of the felt
laterally spaced upstanding and comparatively
strips the spring I‘! is threaded through the
thin side segments formed of such comparatively
tubular lips 20 and then the loops I8 at the ends
stiff material that they tend to retain a prede
thereof are mounted on the hooks I9 at the >
upper ends of the side portions l2 of the back 15 termined shape, arranged in an arcuate series in
front of the back part and so as to de?ne with
Part 1.
the latter and :the bottom part an open top re
The herein described receptacle type bracket is
ceptacle for snugly receiving and supporting the
essentially simple in design and hence may be
container, bulged or curved outwards longitudi
produced at an extremely low cost. It effectively
nally and transversely thereof, having the lower
and e?iciently ful?lls its intended purpose and
extremities thereof substantially straight or flat
is light in weight. Because of the arrangement
and joined to the subjacent marginal portions of
and design of the side segments 8 of the bracket
the bottom part and their upper extremities ex
the oxygen bottle I) may be readily inserted into
tending outwards, downwards and inwards to
place even though it is roughly handled and is
not inserted truly perpendicularly to the top of 25 form tubular open ended lips, and adapted to ?ex
inwards and outwards, and an elongated elastic
the bracket. By reason of the fact that the
element extending through‘ the lips, having the
bracket includes the spring H the bottle is tightly
ends thereof connected to the upper end of the
held in place and when in place in the bracket
back part, and serving to urge said side segments
may be withdrawn from the bracket by exerting
,
but a comparatively small amount of upward 30 inwards.
2. As a new article of manufacture, a bracket
pressure.
designed releasably to support a container having
It is contemplated that the bracket will be used
substantially hemispherical upper and lower
with like brackets in the interior of an airplane
ends, and comprising an elongated upstanding ,
and that the brackets will be positioned adjacent
the temporary and permanent positions of the 35 substantially rigid back part consisting of a flat
intermediate portion adapted to ?t ?atly against
crew and other occupants of the airplane and the
and be connected to a supporting structure and
crew and occupants will each be supplied with
a pair of forwardly and outwardly extending flat
an oxygen bottle prior to ascension of the air
side portions connected to the side margins of
plane. The bottles will be employed when the
the intermediate portion, a substantially rigid
airplane reaches such’ a high altitude that rari
horizontally disposed downwardly bulged bottom
?ed atmosphere is encountered. When the bot
having the rear portion of the margin thereof
tles are in use they will be placed in, and sup
connected to the lower ends of the intermediate
ported by, the brackets. When a member of the
and side portions of the back part, a plurality of
crew or an occupant of the airplane desires to
comparatively thin laterally‘spaced upstanding
go from one station to another in. the airplane
side segments formed of such comparatively stiff
he or she will withdraw his or her bottle from
material that they tend to retain a predetermined
the bracket in which it is supported and then
shape, arranged in an arcuate series in front
after reaching the other station in the airplane
of the back part and so as to de?ne with the
will insert it in the bracket that is there dis
posed. Because of the speci?c design, shape and 50 latter and the bottom part an open top receptacle
for snugly receiving and supporting the con
construction of the present bracket an oxygen
tainer, bowed outwards longitudinally and trans
versely thereof, having the lower extremities
thereof substantially straight and joined to the
bracket with facility.
'
Whereas the receptacle type bracket has been 55 subjacent portions of the margin of the bottom
part and their upper extremities extending out
described as being primarily adapted for use in
bottle, as hereinbefore pointed out, may be in
serted into the bracket and removed from the
an airplane to support an oxygen bottle it is to
wards, downwards and inwards to form tubular
open ended lips, and adapted to ?ex bodily in
be understood that it may be used in other loca
tions and to support other articles. It is also
wards and outwards, and a coil variety tension
to be understood that the invention is not to be 60 spring extending through the lips, having the
ends thereof connected to the upper ends of the
restricted to the details set forth since these may
side portions of the bracket part, and serving
be modi?ed within the scope of the appended
yieldingly to urge said side segments inwards.
claims without departing from the spirit and
scope of the invention.
.
'
Having thus described the invention what we 85
-
WILLIAM C. KELLER.
LEO F. FUDAY.
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