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Патент USA US2406390

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- Aug. 27, 1946.
G. A. LYON
2,406,390
WHEEL CONSTRUCTiON
'
Filed March 19, 1943
2 ‘Sheets-Sheet l
nYEm :7?”
05030: /94 55hr Aka/y. I
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Aug. v27‘, 1946.
G'. A. LYON
2,406,390
WHEEL CONSTRUCTION
Filed March 19, 1943
-
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' 2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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~43
Patented Aug. 27, 1946
2,406,390
UNITED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE
George Albert Lyon, Allenhurst, N. J.
Application March 19, 1943, Serial No. 479,701
4 Claims. (01. 301-37)
1
This invention relates to an improved wheel
structure and is directed more particularly to an
improved cover assembly therefor.
'
An important object of the invention is to pro
vide a novel retaining structure for ‘an ornamen
tal cover assembly adapted for disposition over a
Wheel structure.
Still another object of the invention is to pro
2
.
beaded con?guration which additionally serves as
the retaining part for engaging the’central hub
cap portion, and provides an abutment element
for limiting the axial inward movement of the
cover assembly to the proper degree during’ as
sembly thereof with the wheel structure.
A still further object of the invention is to pro
vide a multi-part cover assembly for a wheel
vide a novel attaching arrangement for a multi
structure
which includes an outer annular por
part cover assembly adapted for disposition over 10
tion and a central hub cap portion detachably se
a wheel structure.
Still another object of the invention is to pro
vide for a wheel structure a novel cover assembly
which is so retained upon the wheel structure
cured thereto, the entire cover assembly being
secured to the wheel structure by engagement
of a part of the outer annular cover part there
with.
that the parts thereof are maintained in tight
?tting engagement with each other and with the
I
It is another important object of this invention
to provide for a cover member, particularly one
constructed from a frangible material such as
wheel structure elastically and in such a manner
that development of vibratory action or rattling
between the parts-and the wheel structure due
synthetic plastic, rubber, or the like, and having
a peripheral beaded snap-on portion, a reinforce
20 ment arrangement disposed adjacent the periph
eral snap-on bead to reinforce the same against
vide a novel reinforcing arrangement for a cover
its
snap-on movement whereby it, engages snap
member adapted for disposition over the outer
on means on the wheel structure under increased
side of a wheel structure.
stress condition thereby to more securely retain
‘ While the foregoing aspects of my invention
to the parts taking a set, is obviated.
Still another object of the invention is to pro
the same on thewheel structure. ' This reinforce
may be utilized with cover members constructed
ment may be provided by a central hub cap mem
‘from any one of many sheet materials available,
’ her or by other reinforcing means associated with r
‘I particularly contemplate the adaptation there
the ?rst named cover member for the speci?c
vof to cover assemblies in which are used sheet
purpose described above.
material such as'synthetic plastic, rubber, either
natural or synthetic, or any other-material hav
_
V
e ‘
Many other objects and advantages of my in
vention will become apparent from the fo1low~
ing description and accompanying drawings in
ing elastically ?exible, resiliently compressible
characteristics. Additionally my invention is
which:
well adapted for use with cover assemblies utiliz
,
Figure \1' is a fragmentary cross-sectional ele
vation of a wheelv structure embodying one form
ing sheet metal of a thinspringyvnature.
It is a further object of the invention to pro
vide a multi-part cover assembly of the above
character wherein the cover parts may be secured
‘of my invention;
.
Figure 2 is a side ,elevational View of a Wheel,
constructed in accordance with Figure 1;
Figure 3 isa fragmentary cross-sectional view
together as a unit so that in the event that an
annular radially outer part thereof is constructed
from a relatively resilient plastic, the central hub
of a wheel structure embodying a modi?ed form '
cap simulating portion, should it be constructed
of my invention;
from relatively rigid sheet metal, will be protected
by the annular part if the cover unit is dropped
edgewise on a hard surface.
'
‘
In accordance with the general features of my
invention there is provided herein for a wheel
structure, a multi-part cover assembly which in
45
ably receive the outer peripheral part of the cen
tral hub cap portion and being so con?gurated
that it is reinforced at its inner ‘periphery, this
of a wheel structure embodying ‘still another
modi?ed form of my invention;
Figure 5 is a, fragmentary cross-sectional view
embodying a still further modi?ed form of my
invention; and
cludes an outer annular portion and a central hub
cap simulating portion, the inner periphery of the
outer‘ annular portion being‘ arranged to detach
_
. Figure 4 is a fragmentary cross-sectional View
r
'
‘i
"
Figure 6 is a fragmentary’cross-sectional view
50
showing the actionof the construction of Figure
'5 duringthe snap-on or pry-off operationofthe
cover assembly;
,
It will be understood that ‘the embodiments
shown herein" are' for villustrative purposes only
‘reinforcement being obtained by a cross-sectional 55 and may be changed or modi?ed witho'ut’de
, ,
2,406,390
3
1 parting from the spirit and scope of the'invention
j as set forth in the appended claims.
As shown in Figure 1 the reference character 7‘
H3 designates generally a multi-?ange, drop cen- ‘
‘
‘ ter type of tire rim which is connected ‘as by rivet
ing or welding or the like through a base ?ange ‘
‘
H to a central body part or spider I2 which in
cludes a central bolt-on ?ange IB. A dropcenter
rim H3 is further’ provided with opposite side 10
?anges It, opposite inter mediate ?anges l5 vand ‘
opposite edge portions It. A suitable tire‘ I“! hav
1 ing an inner tube 18 and’ a valve stem
4
scribed by the radially inner surface of the base‘
i9 is ,
mounted upon th e rim, one of the side walls M
?ange i l of the tire rim l0. Thus as the cover
portion 26 is urged axially'inwardly of the wheel
structure with the fingers 26 in registry with the
circumferentially spaced apertures in the wheel
structure, the ?ngers 25‘ are de?ected radially
inwardly and slide over the opposed faces of the
?anges H and i211. Upon reaching the position
shown in Figure 1 it will be seen that any at
tempted withdrawal of the cover portion its will
cause the ‘terminal ends of the ?ngers 26 to bite
into the radially inner surface of the base ?ange
ill of the tire rim and withdrawal will be pre
vented.
V
having an ori?ce through‘which the valve stem
The cover assembly shown in Figure 1 is com
15
l9 may project. In the type of wheel structure
pleted by the attachment of the central hub cap
shown in Figure 1 the substantially axially ex
simulating portion 2! thereto. The hub cap por
tending ?ange 12a of the body part I2 is de
tion ‘2'! is provided with a central crown ‘portion
pressedgat spaced portions, these depressions af
Z’ihaving the peripheral margin thereof formed
fording circumferentially spaced apertures at the 1
cross-sectionally to provide an ornamental rein
junction of the tire rim It and the body part 12
forcing bead 28 terminating in a snap-on ?ange
of the wheel.
7 .
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.
'7
29 having a peripheral bead 3B. The snap-on
The cover assembly shown in Figure 1 includes
?ange or skirt 29 is cross-sectionally formed to
an outer annular portion 29 and a central hub
provide an annular depression or groove which
cap simulating portion 2!. The annular outer
faces
radially outwar dly and is adapted to receive
cover portion ZEiis provided at its outer periph 25 the radially inner surface of the bead 2d of'the
eral edge with arsubstantially inwardly turned
cover portion 29 in nested relationship after the
?ange 22 and is preferably of such a diameter
peripheral bead 39 thereof has been urged axially
e that it extends substantially over the entire outer.
inwardly over the surfaceof the bead 24 into the
side of‘ the wheel rim It] thus to conceal the same.
position shown in Figure 1.
I
This cover portion is so cross-sectionally con?g 30
From the foregoing it will be seen that the
urated that when disposed over the wheel struc
bead Ed has many advantages whichtcontribute
ture it constitutes in effect a continuation of the
to the strength and e?iciency of the entire cover
side wall of a tire to give the appearance of being
assembly. During the assembly of the cover part
a part of the tire and in fact gives the appear
2% upon the wheel by axially inward movement
ance of being a white side wall on the tire H in 35 of the cover relative thereto, it will be seen that
the tire rim l0 when it is colored white.
the bead ‘24 effectively acts as a stop or limiting
As will be seen from the drawings, the cover
device whereby the inserting operation .must nec
e
23
through
' portion 20 is provided with an apertur
essarily cease when the flange 22 on the outer
which the tire valve stem l9 may project so that
periphery thereof is disposed in the desired posi
it is accessible for in?ation of the tire.
‘ 40 tion as shown in Figure 1. The bead 24 also
From Figure 1 it will be seenthat the cover
serves as an efficient reinforcing medium for the
portion 20 of the cover assembly effectively con
cover part 25 and furthermore acts to afford
ceals not only the outer side of the tire rim I!)
?exing of the retaining niemberarms 25 during
but also will overlie any appurtenances such as
the insertion operation so that the retaining
wheel balancing weights which might'be associ 45 members are easily aligned radially with the cir
ated therewith. Under ‘such circumstances it is
cumferentially spaced apertures in the wheel
desirable, that thecover portion 213 be, from time
structure and to afford ?exing of the cover mem
to time, locally ?exed axially outwardly to render
her about the arms 2d of the retaining members.
these appurtenances available for servicing and
Additionally the bead 25 serves as a reinforcing
to this end, as indicated previously, the cover 50 agency for the cover member 28 so that the snap
member maybe constructed from synthetic plas
on ?ange 29 of the hub cap member 2i may be
tic or other material having the desired resilient
securely retained in snap-on pry-offrelationship.
?exibility. The flexed position of the cover mem
As indicated previously the .cover portion 28 is
ber as set forth above is shown in dotted lines in
Figure 1.
'
Y
,.
In order‘ that the cover portion 20 be substan
' tially reinforced, parti cularly‘at
the part thereof
which engages the central hub cap portion 2! as
will be described presently, it is provided at ‘sub
desirably formed from a ?exible resilient v‘mate
55 rial such as synthetic plastic or .the‘like and the
' provision of the head 24 ther einnot
only provides
the necessary snap-on :pry-off distortion for the
central hub cap part'but also, at the same time,
provides the necessary ‘reinforcement for therela
stantially the "inner peripheral part thereof with 60 tively ?angible cover member ‘29 whereby the lat
a radially inwardly facing rib or bead portion 24.
ter may withstand the pressure engagement .of
This bead or rib 24 is provided with a peripheral
edge having retaining means thereon for engag
the central hub cap member '2“! and further will
withstand the pry-off operation necessary to re
'ing‘the wheel structure t o retain the cover assem
move the hub cap 2| therefrom to render the bolt
bly thereon, this retaining-means including Isub 65 on ?ange E3 of the wheelstructure accessible.
'stantiallyfaxially inwardly ‘extending arms 25
Another important advantage of the attaching
terminating in axially outwardly, radially out
engagement between the central hubcap [portion
obliquely' disposed ?ngers 25 which are
.2! and the cover partZ? when the latter is made
spaced circumferentially of the cover part 2% to
of plasticis that the hub cap portion‘ ofthe cover
'be aligned with the severa1 circumferentially dis 70 is retained resiliently .or elastically in engage
e base ?ange l lot the
wardly,
posed apertures between th
‘tire rim ill and the ?ange Ma of the body part
i2; The terminal edges of the ?nger members 26
are so arranged as to prescribe a circle having
‘a. diameter larger than that of the, circle pre-
ment with the assembly, this velastic or resilient
retention obviating the development sci-relative
vibration between the parts or rattling-therebe
vtween should the central hub cap portion .be con
. 75
5
2,406,390
6
structed from metal and take-‘a set after being
retained on the wheel-structure for a period of '
time.”
In the construction
'of Figure
a
_ '3the central hub
cap portion 2| is similar to that disclosed in Fig- ‘
ure 1. In this construction, however, the entire
cover assembly including the central hub cap part
formed at the outer peripheral edge of the cover
portion 3 I, this ?ange 32 being of such cross-sec
tional magnitude that it extends substantially ax
ially inwardly over the radially outer surface of
the edge portion I6 of the tire rim su?iciently far
to be wedged between the edge portion of the tire
rim and the adjacent portion of the side wall of
the tire I 1 when the tire is in?ated.
If the cover portion ‘3| is constructed from a
sheet material'having sufficient resiliency, it'will
be seen that the ?ange 32 may be ‘snapped over
the edge portion I5 of the tire rim H) to assemble
the cover member on the wheel structure.v vIf de
sired however the ?ange may be split transverse
ly to facilitate this yielding or resilient action of
the flange 32 during the snap-on or pry-off opera
tion.
‘In this construction the inner peripheral mar
gin of the cover member 3| is likewise formed
‘ In this construction the cover portion 35 is-pro-y
vided atfits inner peripheral edge with a substan
tially ‘outwardly extending snap-on flange 38
which is provided with spaced,rfradially~ outwardly
2| and the radially outer annular part 3| is re
tained upon the Wheel structure by virtue-of a
substantially axially inwardly extending flange 32
sufficiently great "so that it is wedged ‘between thev
adjacent side wall of a tir'e'in ‘the tire‘rim‘ and the
edge portion thereof ‘when theyti're is in?atedi
extending
As will bebumps39.
seen from Figure 4‘ the bumps 39 are
10 adapted to receive, on their axially inward sur
faces, ‘a snap-on head 40 formed at the outer pe
riphery of the central hub cap simulating portion
36 of the cover assembly. As will be seen from
the drawings the curved'junction 4| between the
15 body portion of-‘the cover member 35 and ‘the
snap-on ?ange 38 thereof is arranged to vrest
against the adjacent‘ portion of the outer surface
of the body part l2 and thus in effect constitutes
a liner betweenv the bead 40 of the central hub
cap portion 36 and the body part 12. 'As pre
viously indicated the cover part 35 is preferably
constructed from a material giving‘ it resilient
characteristics and thus in its sandwiched rela
tionship, ‘as shown in Figure‘ 4, the portion 4|
25 thereof serves as a'cus'hion to prevent the develop
ment of vibration and rattling between the “cen
with apradially inwardly‘ extending reinforcing
bead 33 as in the construction shown in Figure 1.
The bead 33 however terminates in a peripheral
edge portion which is arranged for abuttinggenf
gagement with the outer surface of the body part
tral'hub cap portion 36 and the wheel structure; ‘
In the construction shown in Figure 5 the body
part '12 of the wheel structure is so cross~section4
ally con?gurated' as to provide radially inwardly
extending bumps |2b which
are adapted to re- '
ceive the cover assembly in snap-on pry-off re
lationship in a manner to be presently described,
In this constructionthe cover assembly-includes
an outer annular portion'42 having a turned pe
12 of the ‘wheel structure. In this construction
also the snap-on ?ange 29 'and the peripheral
ripheral edge 42;; disposed radially outwardly of
bead 30 of the cover portion 2| is slidingly en
the edgeportion N5 of the‘tire rim lo and a cen
gaged over the bead 33 to afford snap-on pry-off
tral hub‘ cap simulating portion 43, the latter be~
engagement of the central cover portion 2| with
ing’ provided with an intermediate radially out
the outer annular portion 3|. In this construc 40 wardly'extending rib portion 44, a substantially
tion 'also the tire valve l3 extends substantially
axially outwardly of the wheel structure su?ie
axially inwardly extending snap-on ?ange 45 ter
minating in a peripheral snap-on bead 46.
ciently far to protrude through a registering aper
'The cover member 42, formed preferably from
ture 34 in the cover part 3| thereby to be acces
a syntheticplastic or a rubber-like material hav
sible for in?ation of the tire. From the fore 45 ing the desired resiliency and ?exibility is pro
going it will be seen that the construction of Fig
vided with a cross-sectional con?guration of such
ure 3 is attached and detached from the wheel
shape and magnitude that it extends over and
structure by virtue of the snap-on pry-off engage
conceals the outer side of the tire rim H1 ande'xé
merit of the ?ange 32 with the edge‘portion'l? of
tends radially inwardly over a substantial portion
the tire rim and thus removal or attachment of 60 of the spider 12 thus effectively concealing a large
the entire cover assembly may be accomplished
by engagement or disengagement of the ?ange 32
with the wheel ‘structure without necessitating
the removal of the central‘ hub cap simulating '
part of the outer side of the wheel structure and
constituting in appearance a continuation of the
side wall of the tire to give the tire a massive
appearance.
'
‘
~
cover part 2| from the outer annular cover part 65
In this construction the outer annular cover
'
portionv 42 is likewise provided with a bead 41,
It will be understood that the attributes de
this head 41 however being arranged to extend
scribed in connection with the construction of
substantially
axially outwardly and terminating
Figure l are likewise present in the construction
in a substantially axially inwardly extending V
of Figure 3.
60 snap-on ?ange 48 terminating in a snap-on bead
In the construction of Figure 4 the cover as
49. The circular dimensions of the snap-on bead
sembly includes an‘ outer annular portion’ 35
46 of the central cover member 43 and the snap
adapted for disposition over the outer side of the
3|
on ?ange 48 of the outer cover member 42 are
tire rim and extending radially peripherally in
ward to overlie a portion of the spider l2 and a 65 such that the central hub cap portion 43 may be
hub cap simulating central portion 36 whichgis
adapted for snap-on pry-off attachment to the
urged axially inwardly of the cover portion 42
so that head 46 thereof overrides the outer part
of the bead 41 on the cover portion 42 and comes
cover portion 35 as will be explained presently.
to rest in a radially inwardly facing shallow
In this construction, as in the construction
shown in Figure 3, the entire cover assembly is 70 groove provided by the cross-sectional con?gura
retained upon the wheel structure by virtue of a
tion of the snap-on ?ange 48 of the cover por
?ange 31 at the outer peripheral edge of the cover
tion _ 42. Thus it will be seen that the cover
part 35, this ?ange 31 being arranged to overlie
portions of this construction may be effectively
the radially outer surface of the edge portion lb
retained as a, unitary structure and as will be
of the tire rim l0 and having a transverse depth 75 seen presently this unitary structure may be re
eeeaeeo
l moved bodily pr attached :boslily to, the. wheel
1 structure without the partsvloemesenarat d
» -'
It isto the‘ particularlyrnotedrthatzwhen the ‘
‘ cover parts are in their assembled.relatiqnshinas ‘ ~
8
melee ef iorm .sustaininsbut resiliently yieldahie 7
plastic ‘material and termed ier detachebleren
gagement with‘a wheel member, said cover com
prising an annillus having an ‘inner. margin
' formed into a "radially extending rieldable hollow
‘ shown-in
the resilient. snap-en ?ange ‘
rib andia nab ear seated on and nestinely en
; 68 of the cover part 4.2 over-extends the snap-eon
eaeed Withsaid rieldablerib so as to :be resiliently
‘ ?anse?rof the cover
per-tine '43 in
axially 111.1
3 ward direction and that the ‘head 49 of the outer
.cover member 4.2 aloneiproovides the Snap-onen
‘ gagement with the bumps lzb of the body part
I2 of the Wheel structure By reierence tel-“ig
ure 6 the advantage of this construction
111
1 be’
\
retained thereby en thewheel
multi~?ansed
2: In a eovertire
structure
receiving
for arim
wheel
member
including
da
body member, a wheel eover :ier substanti 31.8
covering exposed side flanges ‘of the rim ‘member
clearly understood. “As previously »,in_elicated the
outer covermember AZ is nreferably constructed
made .011" :fQrm sustai- ' s but resiliently rielsiable
from a resilient yieldeble material landaccore
inely whenthe cover parts i2 and ‘4,3 have ‘been
prising ‘all annulus. having an ‘ inner margin
plastic material and termed for detachable en
eaeemeni With-a wheel member, said .cover cem-v
assembled as a unit they _ ay the-attached to the
formed
a hub cap
into
snapped
a radially
intovextending
resilientjengagement
hollow rib with
‘a wheel structure merely by pressing-the entire as
sembly axiallyinwardly whereby the bead 71.49 of
theicover member 42 overrides the bumps 12b of
the'body part I2_ and :comes to rest on the sub
stantiallyaxially inwardlydisposed face thereof.
Said rib and retained thereby on the‘ wheel, Said
‘ As will .be seen ‘from figure 6 the vaction of the
bead 49 and the adjacent portion of the snap-on
?ange ABQduring attachment anddetachment of .
the coverassembly comprises aradialiy inwardly "
annulus having its outer margin turned rear
wardly into a hollow-rib ofia diameter .?toielastie
cally l?tvover and around an outer edge of the
rim member :adjacent the tire to retain‘ the o'pyer
onthewheel.
Y
I
‘
'
l'
.3. In a cover ‘structure fora wheel including 2a
multi-?anged tire receiving ‘rim member vaim'iia
compression of the rover-extendingportion off-the
body member, a wheel cover for substantially coy.
yieldable “?ange 48 .andthe bead '59:, the snap-on
made loflform sustaining but resiliently yieldable
?ange 45 of the .cover memberé?» Land its periph
V eral bead 46 serving ,as a reinforcing, fulcrum
point-for the inward ?exing of the inner periph
eral edge vof the coyer member 42. With such ‘a
construction it ‘will be seen that the cover as
sembly is retained upon the wheel structure by
engagement of the yieldable cover <member42 and
that the cover member is retained in position by
engagement with the yieldable snap-on ?ange 48
of the cover member 42. Accordingly it will be
seen that "parts of the coverjmember' 42 are vinter
ering exposed side ?anges of the rim member
plastic material and liormed for detachable en
gagement with a wheel omemherrsaid ‘cover com
prising an annulus having an inner margin
formed into a ‘radially extending hollow rib ‘and
ahub cap (snapped into resilient'engagement with
said rib and retained thereby on the. wheel, said ,
hub cap having a beadedouter edgesnapped into
nested cooperation with said rib of said coverand
yieldably seated thereon.
'
4. In a cover structure for {a Wheel including
a
multie?anged tire receiving
member‘and
posed between the hub cap simulating portion 43 40 a body
member, ,a wheel cover ‘for substantially
and the wheel structure thus to insure against
1 ' the development of vibration and rattling be
tween the parts.
Furthermore this flexing =ac-v >
tion of the'inner peripheral portionof the ‘cover
member 42, because it is securely backed up or
reinforced by the beadJAS of_-_the cover’member
63, serves emciently to retain the entire cove-r
assembly upon the’wheel ‘structure in snap-on
‘relationship.
What I claim is: ‘
-
1. .In a'cover structure for _a wheel including'a'
multie?anged tire receiving rim member and a
body member, a wheel ,cover for, substantially
covering exposed side ?anges of the rimimember
covering exposed side ?anges of the'rim mem
ber made of _form sustaining but resiliently yield
able plastic material and formed for detachable
. engagement with a Wheel member, said cover
comprising an “annulus having an inner margin
'formed into a radially extending hollow rib and
a hub cap snapped into resilient engagement with
said rib andretained thereby on the wheeLjsaid
rib of the cover being perm/Aided 'wiihrearwardly
extending retaining means for detachable’ ena
gagement with one of ‘said wheel members.
i GEORGE AT-IBERTLYON:
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