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Патент USA US2406437

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Aug. 27, 1946.
‘F. PE.TROVIC
CHOCOLATE 'DIPPED PEANUT ATTACHMENT
' Filed June 10, 1942
4
2,406,437
Patented Aug. 27, 1946
. 2,406,437
UNITED, ‘STATES vm'rrirzv'r' ‘OFFICE! .
2,406,437
CHOCOLATE DIPPED PEANUT ‘7
ATTACHMENT
Frank Petrovic, Chicago, Ill., assignor
to E. J.' »
.Brach & Sons, Chicago, 111., a corporation of
Illinois ,
' V Application J unc 10, 1942, SerialNo. 446,51'2'7r A
11 Claims.
1
(Cl. 91—3)
This invention relates "to confection-enrobing
>
2
_
v
,
upon they are, drawn through the chocolate
coatingcompartment 4 and ‘subsequently depos-_'
ment for producing chocolate-dipped nuts.
_
-
hopper not shown, upon the ‘conveyor 2' where
‘machines, and more particularly to an attach
Candy manufacturers have experienced great
di?iculty with existing machinery in the pro
ited upon an oil-cloth belt 5 on vwhich they are
duction ofsingle dipped chocolate-coated nuts,
carried offtobe cooled.
I
V V
V
>
r
‘
To arrange the nuts in orderly fashion upon
the mesh conveyor 2, a series of'equi-spaced, ‘par
allel partitions 6 are employed, extending lon
quently the ?nished product often contains
_many clusters of several nuts which, from a 10 gitudinally in the directi'onof travel of the con
veyor 2, passing through and projecting beyond
merchandising standpoint, is an entirely" dif
the chocolate-coating compartment 4. Parti
ferent product. The enormous size of known
tions 6 are held in spaced relation by cross bars
chocolate-dipped nut machines precludes their
1' which ‘are removably secured to; the frame of
use to all but the larger manufacturers who have
‘the enrober to position the partitions above the
great areas of ?oor space available for their in
particularly peanuts, in, keeping the dipped nuts
from rolling together and adhering. Conse
stallation.
_
15 conveyor 2.
,
The partitions separate, the nuts
The object of the present invention is to pro
vide an attachment for any size standard choc
olate enrober which can be quickly set up for
into controlledrows duringitheir passage through
forming clusters.
at either end of the nose bar by means of a slot
ted connection I2, the inner end of the spring
arms contacting the teeth of'ratchets l3 ?xed
upon opposite ends of a shaft l4, rotated in any
the coating compartment.
_
_
At the forward end of the enrober, brackets 8
the production of chocolate-dipped nuts, and 20 are fastened to the'frame and support a bar 9
which is positioned transversely of the machine
easily removed when the enrober is needed for
just below and supporting the upper ?ight of the
the manufacture of other candies.
conveyor 2. Hingedly connected to the bar 9 is
The invention also contemplates provision of
a ?oating nose bar Hl about which the conveyor
means to keep the chocolate-coated nuts agi
tated to prevent their sticking together and 25 2 turns. A spring arm H is adjustably secured
1
Another object of the invention is to provide
means to automatically separate the nuts into
orderly rows before they pass through the choc
olate-coating compartment of the enrober.
.
30
A further object is'to provide means for damp
‘ing the vibration of the conveyor belt before it
‘reaches the driving roll to ensure smooth con
tinuous operation of the belt.
.
~
‘ the oscillation of the noise bar.
Rotation of the ratchets causes oscillation of
the spring arms and nose bar, vibrating the con
,
Various other objectsof the invention will be
come apparent from the following detailed de
scription of a preferred embodiment of the in
suitable manner from the enroberdrive mech
anism. The slotted adjustment permits varymg
veyor 2 and agitating the confections to pre
35 vent them‘ from sticking together.
Despite the vibration imparted to the conveyor
by the nose bar, some of the soft confection may
cling to the conveyor as it‘turns about the nose
panying drawing in which:
Figure 1 is a top plan view of a‘ conventional 40 bar and fail to drop onto the oil-cloth belt 5,‘
and, also, the vibration may cause two of the
chocolate enrober equipped with the attachment
confections to contact just as they drop from the
_of the present invention;
conveyor. To provide for suchinstances, a ten
Figure 2 is a vertical longitudinal section
sioned breaker wire 15 is carried by the nose bar,
through the enrober, parts being shown in ele
vention taken in connection with the accom
vation;
'
Figure 3 is an enlarged partial front view of
the attachment removed from the enrober; and
Figure 4 is an enlarged fragmentary vertical
section through the attachment and party of the
enrober.
,
45
spaced slightly therefrom by passing through
openings in bolts l6 which are threaded into the .
under-side of the nose bar adjacent the ends of
the bars. Angle brackets l1 are bolted beneath
the nose bar between the bolts IE and the ends -
of‘the bars, the vertical ?anges of the brackets
In the drawing a standard chocolate enrober
50 each having a threaded opening l8 to receive a
is shown conventionally, consisting of a frame
I‘, endless mesh conveyor 2 driven by the driv
ing roll 3, and a chocolate-coating compart
the wire I5 pass. A collar 20 is secured to each
end of the wire to abut the heads of the stud bolts
‘
ment .4.
Nuts are dumped, or dropped from a
hollow stud bolt i9 through which the ends of
l9. To tension the wire the collars are slipped
along the wire until they contact the heads of
2,406,437
3
the stud bolts and the bolts are then turned to
bring the desired pressure against the collars.
Although similar adjusting means are shown at
both ends of the wire it is merely for convenience
as adjustment of one side is sufficient.
centers laterally with respect to each other into
longitudinally extending rows to prevent laterally
adjacent coated centers from sticking to each
other after passing through the coating compart
ment, a pair of bars hingedly connected, one of
‘
The mesh conveyor 2 is driven by means or
said bars being adapted detachablytobe secured '
to the enrobing machine, and the other forming
a'nose bar around which the conveyor belt will
turn, means to vibrate the said nose bar to impart
imperfect contact between the conveyor and the: 10' vibration to the conveyor belt, and means adapted
roll. To correct this a damping roll 2| journalled
to be located between said nosexbar and‘ the con
in lateral extensions of the mounting. brackets 8,
veyor belt driving roll for damping the vibrations
is provided, which not only stopsthe vibration
of said conveyor belt to provide a smooth, contin
- the driving roll 3 ‘around which it passes, and the
vibration of the'conveyor would tend to cause
of the conveyor before it reaches the driving roll,
uous and unbroken movement of the conveyor belt
but by being positioned above the center of the
in spite of the action of the vibration means
15
driving roll lifts the conveyor and provides in-,
thereby to maintain separation of adjacent coated
creased length of surface contact between the
centers and prevent clustering thereof.
‘
conveyor and the driving roll.
_
- ‘
-
,
While in the above one practical embodiment
" of the
inventive concept has been described, many I
variations within the scope of the appended
,claimswill be obvious to those skilled in the art.
What I claim is:
I. An
7
attachment 7 for
coniection-enrobing
5. Mechanisms‘ for attachment to confection
enrobing machines of that type in which confec
tion centers are carried through a coating com
partment on an endless ‘conveyor belt and having
a ‘driving roll for said conveyor belt comprising
in combination, means above the belt engageable
with the centers placed thereon to separate the
centers laterally with respect to each other into
'machines of that type in which- confection cen
ters are carried through a coating compartment 25 longitudinally extending rows'to prevent laterally
on an endless conveyor belt comprising, a pair of
adjacent coated centers‘ from sticking toi‘each
other after passing through the coating comparte
ment, a pair of bars hingedly connected, one of
machine, and the other forming a nose bar around
said bars being adapted detachably tobe secured
30
which the conveyor belt will turn, and means to
to the enrobing machine, and the other forming
.bars hingedly7 connected, one ofesaid, bars being
adapted detachably to be secured to the enrobing
vibrate said nose bar to impart vibration to the
conveyor belt.
~
~
1'
2. An attachment for confection-enrobing
machines of that type in which confection cen
ters are carried through a coating compartment 7
on an endless conveyor belt comprising, a pair of
, bars hingedly connected, one of said bars being
adapted detachably to be secured to the enrobing
machine, and the other forming a nose bar around
which the conveyor belt turns, an arm connected
at one end to said nose bar and a ratchet wheel
a nose bar around which the conveyor beltewill
turn, means to vibrate the said nose bar to impart
vibration to the conveyor belt, and a damping
roll adapted to be located between said nose bar
and the conveyor belt driving roll for damping
the vibrations of said conveyor belt to provide a
smooth, continuous and unbroken movement of
the conveyor belt in spite of the action of the
vibration means thereby to maintain separation
of adjacent coated centers and prevent clustering
contacting the other end of said arm whereby
thereof.’
rotation of the ratchet wheel imparts vibration
6. Mechanisms for attachment to confection
enrobing machines of that type in which confec
to the conveyor belt.
tion centers are carried through a coating com
3. Mechanisms for attachment to confection
enrobing machines of that type in which confec
partment on an endless conveyor belt and having
tion centers are carried through a coating com;
partment on an endless conveyor belt and having
.a driving roll for said conveyor belt comprising
'
a driving roll for said conveyor belt comprising
in combination, means above the belt engageable
with the centers placed thereon to separate the
centers laterally with respect to each other into
in combination, means above the belt engageable 50 longitudinally extending rows vto prevent laterally
with the centers placed thereon to separate the
adjacent coated centers from sticking to each
centers laterally with respect to each other into
other after passing through the coating compart
longitudinally extending rows to prevent laterally
ment, a pair of bars hingedly connected, one of
.adjacent coated centers from sticking to each 55 said bars being adapted detachably to be secured
other after passing through the coating compart
to the enrobing machine, and the other forming
a nose bar around which the conveyor belt will
~ment, means below the upper ?ight of the con
veyor belt and engageablerwith the latter to vi
brate the same to separate adjacent coated cen
ters in each row longitudinally with respect to
each other to prevent them from stickingto ‘GO
gether, and means adapted to be located between
said vibrating means and the conveyor belt driv
ing rollfor damping the vibrations of said con
veyor belt to provide a smooth, continuous and
unbroken movement of the conveyor belt in spite
‘of the action of the vibration means thereby to
turn, an arm connected at one end to said nose
bar and a ratchet wheel contacting the other end
of said arm whereby rotation of the ratchet wheel
imparts vibration to the conveyor belt, and a
damping roll adapted to be, located between said
nose bar and the conveyorbelt driving roll for
damping the vibrations of said conveyor belt to
provide a smooth, continuous and‘ unbroken
movement of the conveyor‘ belt in spiteroi ‘the
action of the vibration means thereby to maintain
maintain separation of adjacent coated centers
separation of adjacent coated centers and prevent
and prevent clustering thereof.
clustering thereof.
.
4. Mechanisms‘ior attachment to confection
enrobing machines of that type in which confec
tion centers are carried through a coating com
partmenton an endless conveyor belt and having
adriving roll for said conveyor belt comprising
in combination, means above the belt engageable
iwith the centers'placed thereon to, Separate‘ the
.
'7. Mechanisms for attachment to confection
enrobing machines of that type in which confec
tion centers are carried through a coating coin‘
partment on an endless conveyor belt comprising
in combination, a pair of bars hingedly connected,
one of said bars being adapted detachably to be
'
2,406,437
6
secured to the venrobing machine, and the other
smooth, continuous and unbroken movement of
the conveyor belt in spite of the action of the
vibration means thereby to maintain separation
of adjacent coated centers and prevent clustering
forming a nose bar around which the conveyor
belt will turn, abreaker wire adapted to be spaced
from the lower front edge of said nose bar and
to be mounted to move with the nose bar, and (It thereof.
means to vibrate said nose bar to impart vibration
9. An
to the conveyor belt.
attachment for confection-enrobing
machines of that type in which confection centers
8. Mechanisms for attachment to confection
enrobing machines of that type in which confec
are carried ‘through a coating compartment on
an
endless conveyor belt comprising, a_ nose bar
tion centers are carried through a coating com 10
around which the conveyor belt is adapted to
partment on an endless conveyor belt and having
turn, and means automatically to vibrate said
a, driving roll for said conveyor belt" comprising
nose bar to impart vibration to the conveyor belt. .
in combination, means above the belt engageable
with the centers placed thereon to separate the
centers laterally with respect to each other into
longitudinally extending rows to prevent laterally
adjacent coated centers from sticking to each
other after passing through the coating compart
ment, a pair of bars hingedly connected, one of
said bars being adapted detachably to be secured
10. An attachment for confection-enrobing
machines of that type in which confection cen
ters are carried through a coating compartment '
on an endless conveyor belt comprising, a nose
bar adapted to be hinged along its rear edge to
the enrobing machine around which nose bar the
conveyor belt will turn, and means including a
member connected to one end of said nose bar
to the enrobing machine, and the other forming
adapted automatically to vibrate said nose bar to
impart vibration to the conveyor belt.
11. An attachment for confection-enrobing
anose bar around which the conveyor belt will
turn, ,a breaker wire adapted to be spaced from
the lower front edge of said nose bar and, to be
machines of that type in which confection cen-~
gters are carried through a coating .compartment
mounted to move with the nose bar, said conveyor
belt being adapted to move between said nose
bar and the breaker wire, means to adjust the
tension of said breaker wire, an arm connected
on an endless conveyor belt comprising, a nose
bar adapted to be hinged along its rear edge to
the enrobing machine around which nose bar the
at one end to said nose bar and a ratchet wheel
conveyor belt turns, an arm connected at one end
contacting the other end of said armwhereby
rotation of the ratchet wheel will impart vibra 30. to said nose bar and a ratchet wheel contacting
the other end of said arm whereby rotation of
tion to the conveyor belt, and a damping roll
the ratchet wheel imparts vibration to the con
adapted to be located between said nose bar and
. veyor belt.
the conveyor‘ belt driving roll for damping the
FRANK PETROVIC.
vibrations of said conveyor belt to provide a
as
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