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Патент USA US2406459

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Aug. 27, 1946.
2,406,459
G. R. GIBSON
GLOSURE FASTENER
' Filed Nov. 16, ?1944
im
�,111 Kw
Patented Aug. 27, 1946
, �406,459
UNITED STATES'PATENT OFFICE?
CLOSURE FASTENER
George
`
Gibson, Brookf靍lcL-Ohio, ass靏nor to
The General Fireproofing Company, Youngs
town, Ohio, a corporation of 0hio
Application November 16, 1944,`seria1No.f563,.6s2
5 Claims.
1
(Cl. 292-39)
2
This invention relates to fasteners for swing
ing or sliding closures, such as doors, windows,
drawers and the like.
Figures 3, 4, 5 and 6 are cross sections on the
lines 3_3, 4_4, 5--5 and 6--6, respectively, of
Figure 1.
n
In many instances it is desirable that a closure
have a frame, the stiles or equivalent elements
of?which are of narrow width. For example, in
the case of hospital windows and hospital doors
nates a portion of a closure frame and B desig
nates a portion of an associated closure which,
having transparent panels, it is desirable that the
door hinged at one side for swinging movement
stiles be of as narrow width as practicable in
between open and closed positions.
Referring to the drawing in detail, A desig
for present purposes, may be considered as a
order that the windows and doors may admit 10
the greatest possible amount of light especially
� '
The door B includes a frame b and a vpanel b'
which, in the present instance, is illustrated as
being of transparent material, although it may be
in instances where the doors or windows are of
narrow width. Also, it is quite desirable in many
instances to provide a closure fastener embody
of any other material. In any event, the frame
b includes top and bottom cross members, only
ing three latch or lock bolts, one at each end or '
portions of which are shown, and vertical ?side
side of the closure and the other at an inter
members or stiles only the one of which at the
mediate point, all operable by a common mecha
free edge of the door is shown. These members
nism, and to mount said latch or lock bolts and
preferably are of duplicate construction. They
their operating mechanism in a door or window
may, however, be of unlike construction. In any
stile or its equivalent.
`
20 event, the stile at the free edge of the door and
Accordingly, the general object of the present
with which the presentv invention particularly is
invention is to provide a closure fastener which
concerned, is hollow andv of narrow width and is
embodies three latch or lock bolts and a common
closed at its outer and inner sides by walls I0
operating mechanism therefor, and- which is of
and I I, respectively,` and at its outer edge by a
quite narrow Width, whereby it may readily be 25 wall I2 which constitutes the free vertical edge
mounted in a door or window stile or equivalent
of the door. On the other hand, said stile which
element of quite vnarrow width in any instance
where that may be desirable.
is designated as b" is provided at its inner edge
with a slot?to accommodate the related marginal
portion of the panel b'.
To the end ofnaccomplishing the aforesaid gen
eral purpose in a simple, practical manner, a 30
special object of the invention is to provide a
latch or lock bolt which is pivoted for swinging
movement between projected and retracted,
latching or locking and unlatching or` unlocking �
positions, respectively, and which is of a novel
form whereby it is swung tooperatively engage
its related keeper in response to_closing`movement of the closure.
'
Y
While the stile b" may be of any suitable con
struction, it preferably i5 formed from sheet
metal, its wall I D and I2 being, for example, in
` tegral with one another, as shown, and its wall
Il being, for example, separate from its walls
I0 and I2v to permit ready installation of the
panel b'. In this connection and, according to
the specific constructionillustrated inthe pres
ent instance, the marginal portion of the edge
.Another special object of the invention is to
wall l2 at the inner side ofthe stile is turnedY
provide a narrow-width, common operating 40 inwardly to provide a covering and retaining
mechanism for three latch or lock bolts which is
flange I3 for the outer marginal portion of the
of simple, `practical construction, easy to install
inner side wall I I; the inner marginal portions
and thoroughly reliable and satisfactory in use.
of the side Iwalls Ill and Il are turned inwardly,
With the foregoing and other objects in view,
as indicated at Ill,4 to engage the-outer and the
which will become more fully apparent as the' 45 inner faces, respectively, of the adjacent mar
nature of the invention is better understood, Vthe
ginal portionV of the panel b', and a channel
same consists in a closure fastener embodying
member l5 is disposed within the stile and is
the novel features of construction, combination
Welded or otherwise fixed to the outer side wall
and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter
l!! to serve as a support for the inne-r side wall
more fully described, illustrated in the accom 50 II and also as a housing andguide for the latch
panying drawing and defined in the appended
claims.
or lock bolts and their operating means presently A
to be described.
v
y
Y
4
In the accompanying drawing, wherein like
The channel member I5 is approximately co
characters of reference denote corresponding
extensive in length with the stile b?- and in
parts in the different views:
. .
55 cludes an outer side wall I6 disposed against andv
Figure 1 is a vertical section through a portion
spot? welded or lotherwise suitably secured to the
of a closure equipped withV fastening means in
outer sidewall I0 of the stile b?, and inner and
accordance with the invention.
outer edge walls IT and i8, respectively, extend
f Figure 2 is a vertical section on the line 2-2
of Figure 1; and
-
ing _from the Wall I6 toward rthe inner sidel of
60 the ?stile and having their free marginal'por
2,406,459
3
'tions turned toward the outer or free edge ofV
the stile in the form of flanges?I 9 and 20, respec- t
tively. The'?lange 20 is yspaced 縤nwardly from'v
the flange. I3 by an amountapproximately equal
4
frame b in front of an opening in said door frame
which accommodates the latch or bolt portion 2'I
when the door'is closed- and said-,portion 2'IA is
projected.
`
'
�
?
'
Referring now to the common operating means
to the thickness of the outer marginal portion 5 Yfor the latch or lock bolts 22, 23 and 25, 29 desig
' Vof
cooperate
the inner
withside
saidwall
flange
II of
I3 the
to provide
stile, thus
a slot
to" , nates a block which is longitudinally slidable in
the channel member I5 and which has therein a
to neatly-accommodate the said outer marginal
slot 30 into which extends the free, inner end of
portion of said inner side wall II. ' On the other'V >
a lever arm 3| which, at its outer end, is pivoted
hand, the flange I9 underlies the inner side wall
to a supportingr bracket 32 for swinging movement
II of the stile near theV .inturned inner edge~
to shift said block 29 longitudinally. The bracket
thereof t0 serve as a support for the latter and
32 is fixed to the stile b" at the outer side thereof
n also to receive fasteners such 'as screws 2i by
and asuitable handle 33 is fixed with respect to
means of which said inner side wall I I is remov
15 the armv 3i lfor effecting swinging movements
ably secured in place.
l
,
Mounted vin the upper> end portion of the chan
thereof.
` According to theY, specific
4 Yarrangement
, k
' illus
nel member I5 for free longitudinal sliding move�
trated inthe drawing, a vpairof blocks 34, 34 are
ment?relative thereto is a latch or lock bolt 22,
slidably mounted in the channel member I5 above
the upper end portion of which ispro-iectab-le
and below the blockV 29, respectively, and have
20
above and retractable to or below the top edge
fixed thereto and extending upwardly and?down
of the door through an opening inthe top ,cross
wardly therefrom, respectively, rods 35, 35. To
member of the door frame. Similarly mounted
the upper and lower ends, respectively, of these
in theloiwer end portion of the channel mem
rods are fixed tubes 36, 35, and in the upper and
ber i5 is a latch or lock bolt 23 the lower end
lower ends, respectively, of said tubes are slid
25
portion of which is projectable below and retract
ably mountedv stems 3l, 3T, which are 駒ed to
able `to or above the` >lower edge vof the door
and extend inwardly- from the inner ends of the
through� an opening in the bottom cross member
Y latch or lock bolts 22 and 23, respectively.
of the door frame.V Attheirinner sides the end
, Fixed in the side walls of each tube 35 and ex
portic-nsofuthe latch ory lock bolts 2?. and 23 are
tending through a longitudinally elongated slot
beveled in Vaccordance `with known> practice so that 30 S38 in the related stem 3l is'a pin 39, while fixed if they are in their projected positions when the
in the walls Il and I8 oi. the channel member I5
door> is being' closed-they will be automatically
and extending ythrough longitudinally elongated"
retracted responsive to closing vmovement of the
doorY due to- the wedgingor cam `action of their
, beveled inner sides withtheir keepers which may
be ofY any� suitable Vform � and lwhich kare designat
ed as 25.
-
?
slots 4o in each tube 35 is a related screw orpin
4 I. The screws or pins 4I, 縤l are spaced inwardly ?
from the inner ends of the stems 31, 3l, respec
tively, and between each screw or pin V遡-Ik and the
inner end of the related 'stem' 3l is interposedY an
expansion 4spring 42( Accordingly, said springs
lock-bolts 22. and 23, .a third latch or lock bolt 25
provided,Y This latch orlock bolt 25 is mounted 40 42, 縧2 tend constantly to urge the tubes v35, 36
outwardly to their limits of outward movement,
for swinging movementin the plane of the door
as determined by engagement ofthe tube walls
upon颽 pivot pin 2li which extendsrtransversely
at the inner ends of the slots 43 with the screws
of the door at right angles thereto and which is
or pins 4i, and also to urgethelatch or lock bolts
located >adjacentV to the edge wall I2-of the stile>
At a suitable point intermediate the latch or.
b", ,said pin being mounted at its ends, foreX- I
amplain openings in the side `wall I5 and the
ilange I3 oi said stile b?.
.
. " .?
Thelatch orlock bolt 25 is pivoted intermedi
ate its ends and adjacent to oneedge thereofY
upon the pin 25 and includesa latching or locking ,
portion 2T which, by ,rotation of said bolt in one
direction through an angle of approximately
Y 'net-y degrees, is proiectable to a latching or lock
ing position Yin which it extends beyond the stile
wall I2; i. e., beyond the free 'edgeof the, door, as
shown, and which, yby krotation of said locking bolt
in the opposite directionthrough. an angle of ap
proximately ninety degrees, is retractable to an
'unlatched or unlocked position in which it is dis- ,
posed entirely within thestile b? ?.
,
� i
` The portion 2'.' is substantially in the form of a
ninety-degree segment of a circle as viewed* in side
elevation and its inner face is of substantially
conical remi; i. e., its inner face is beveled both
longitudinally and transversely away from the
pivot pin 25. Consequently,-should the portion` 21
- be in its projected position duringclosing of the
22 and' ?23 coi'istantly outward to .their limits of
outward movement as determinedby engagement
oi' the walls at the inner ends of the slots v38 in
the stems 3l with the pins韎�. In this connection,
the constructionobviously is such `that if the latch
orlockY bolts 22 >and 23 are projected as shown`
in lFigure __1, they will be retracted by inward
movement ofthe rods 35, 35 and the tubes 36, 36.
At the sameY time, the construction is such-that
even though the rods
35 andthe tubes .35, -35
are not movedlinwardly, the latch or lock bolts22
and 23 are free to be moved inwardly against the
springs遉, 42. vIn short?the籨escribed construc
tion provides Yfor positively retractinglthe latch
or lock vbolts 22, 23 when itis desired to` open the
door` and, at the same time, provides for auto
matic retraction of said bolts by engagement of
their beveled inner faces with theirrelated keep
ers topermit the door to be closed, as well as for
subsequent spring projection of said bolts totheir
door latching or locking positions when the door
i is closed.
.
The block 25 is
rigidly Connected with the bloes `
door, the beveled inner face of said portion will,
Sethereabove bya bar _43. _, On the other hand,
Yby reason of its wedging o-r cam action against
the vblock 29is connected with the block 34 there- '
below through theA instrumentality o韆 rack bar
the related keeper, designated as 28, cause said
portion to swing to itsretracted position so as to ?
縤4 extending downwardly .from saidblocklg, a
clear the keeper for subsequent projection behind
rack _bar 45 `extending?lupwardly from' the` lower
block 34, and a pinion rlliifnaying a rixed axis of
latter.
The keeper 28 may b_e of anysuit
rable fornrandis illustrated in the present in- l
stance ._a遱 being comprised by va portion of the door A
rotation . and interposed betweenA saidl racky bars
k44 Vand 45. The pinion 45 may?appropriately be
2,406,459
J
mounted in a suitable frame 41 suitably fastened
in the channel member It. In any event, it is
apparent that the springs 42 tend constantly-to
project both latch or lock boli-s 22 and 23 and
to shift the block Z9 upwardly, and that by down
ward movement of said block 2S, both latch or
lock bolts 22 and 23 will be retracted. The block
2B is, of course, shiftable downwardly to retract '
the bolts 22 and 23 by means of the handle 33
10
operating through the lever arm 3 l.
The lock or latch bolt 25 is located between the
block 29 and the upper biock 34 and, inwardly of
its pivot pin it, has projecting laterally therefrom
a pin 4l" over which extends a finger 48 which
projects laterally from the bar 43. Accordingly,
when the bar 43 is shifted downwardly, the finger
G8 acts upon the pin 4l? to rotate the latch or lock
bolt 25 to its retracted position. On the other
hand, a suitable spring 49 is provided to rotate
said bolt 25 to its projected position when the
bar 43 and the finger 4a are moved upwardly.
Obviously, the finger 43 acts as a'stop engageable
by the pin 4i' to limit rotation of the bolt 25
mentioned pin and the adjacent end of said stem
and constantly urging said tube outwardly and
said bolt outwardly relative to said tube, and
means for manual actuation to move jsaid tube
inwardly and thereby retract said bolt.
2. Closure fastening means comprising a pair
of latch bolts carried by the closure for linear
projection and retraction relative thereto in op�
posite directions, respectively, a block carried by '
the closure and shiftable relative thereto in the
same directions as said bolts, connections between
said block and said bolts whereby shifting of said
block in one direction retracts both bolts and
whereby said bolts are retractable relative to said
block without shifting the latter, means for
manual actuation to shift said block in said di
rection, and springs means for projecting said '
bolts and for shifting said block in the opposite
direction.
3. Closure fastening means comprising a pair
of latch bolts carried'by the closure for linear
projection and retraction relative thereto in op
posite directions, respectively, a block carried by
the closure and shiftable relative thereto in the
same directions as said bolts, lost-motion con
nections between said block and said bolts where
by shifting of said block in one direction retracts
projected; that they will be urged inwardly au
said bolts and whereby said bolts are retractable
tomatically during and in response to closing
independently of any shifting movement of said
movement of the door to permit the door to close
and to permit them to subsequently be projected 30 block, means for manual actuation to shift said
block in a direction toretract said bolts, `and
behind their keepers; that they will be projected
spring?means for projecting said bolts and for
behind their keepers when the door is closed; that
shifting said block in the opposite direction.
all of them will be retracted to permit the door
4. Closure fastening means comprising a` pair
to be opened by the mere act of swinging the
of latch bolts carried by the closure for linear
handle 33 in a direction to swing the lever arm 3|
projection and retraction relative thereto in op
downwardly, and that upon release of said handle
posite directions, respectively, a blockcarried by
they will be projected by the springs 42 and 49.
the closure and shiftable relative thereto in the
In this connection, it will be noted that the han
same directions as said bolts, a connection be
dle 33 extends downwardly relative to the lever
arm 3| so that it is adapted to be pulled to retract 40 tween said block and one of said bolts whereby
shifting of said block in one direction shifts said
the bolts 22, 23 and 25 and also to open the door.
bolt in the same direction to a retracted posi
Further in this connection it is pointed out that a
tion, a rack and pinion connection between said
lock 50 may be associated with the lever arm 3l,
block and the other bolt whereby shifting of said
the handle 33 and the bracket as shown so that
block in said direction shifts said other bolt in an
said lever arm and handle may be locked against
opposite direction to its retracted position, and
swinging movement to thus lock the door in its
spring means for projecting said bolts and for
closed position.
shifting said block Vin the opposite direction.
From the foregoing description considered in
5. Closure fastening means comprising a pair
connection with the accompanying drawing, it is
believed that the construction and mode of oper 50 of latch bolts carried by the closure for linear pro
jection and retraction relative thereto in opposite
ation of the present closure fastening means Will
directions, respectively, a stem extending inwardly
be readily understood and its advantages appre
from each bolt and having therein a slot elon
ciated. Y It is desired to point out, however, that
gated longitudinally thereof, a pair of tubes in
while only a single, specific structural embodi
the outer end portions of which said stems are
ment of the invention has been illustrated .and
slidably engaged, respectively, a pin fixed with
described, the same is readily capable of embodi
respect
to each tube and extending through the
ment in specifically different structures within its
slot in the related stem, each tube having therein
spirit and scope as de駈ed in the appended claims.
a slotelongated longitudinally thereof, a pin ex
I claim:
l. Closure fastening means comprising a latch 60 tending through each tube slot and 駒ed with
respect to the closure, an expansion spring in
bolt carried by the closure for linear projection
each tube interposed between each second-men
and retraction relative thereto and having its rear
tioned pin and the adjacent end of the related
face beveled so that by engagement thereof with
stem whereby both tubes and both bolts are urged
a keeper during closing of the door the bolt is re
tracted, a stein extending inwardly from said bolt 65 constantly outwardly and whereby said bolts are
retractable independently of inward movement
and having therein a slot extending longitudinally
of said tubes, the rear faces of said bolts being
thereof, a tube in the outer end portion of which
beveled so that by their engagement with related
said stem is slidably mounted a pin fixed with
keepers during closing of the door said bolts are
respect to said tube and extending'through said
slot, said tube having therein a slot extending 0 retracted to clear the keepers, and means con
beyond its projected position.
summarizing, it will be apparent that normally ?
the three latch or lock bolts 22, 23 and 25 are
longitudinally thereof, a pin extending Vthrough
the slot in said tube and fixed with respect to
the closure, an expansion spring disposed within
said tube and interposed between said second
necting said tubes and manually operable to move
them simultaneously inwardly to retract said
bolts.
GEORGE R. GIBSON.
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