Патент USA US2406495код для вставки
Aug. 27, 1946. F, R, GRANDI-JEAN 2,406,495 DEVIGE FOR SELECTION oF ARTICLES 'oF WEARING APPAREL Filed Dec. 1, 1944 ` Patented” Aug. v27, 1946 ‘I 2,406,495 ‘ UNITED; STATESJPATENT ortica »Y DEVICE FOR SELECTION OF vARTICLES OF " WEARING APPAREL , , y Frederick R. `Grand-Jean; University City; Mo.; , assignor to Sel-Mor sGarment Co. Inc., St. , -. Louis, Mo., a corporationkofllíissouri _ .Application December 1, 1944, Serial No. 566,229 " Y2 l 'I'his invention relates to improvements in de vices for selection of articles of wearing apparel, and more particularly to merchandise selectors Ífpresently- required in> selection of an article ,of ~~Wearingapparel in order best to suit customer requirements. Y - An'additional and important objective is at for garments or otherv articles otwearing ap parel produced and stocked in a Variety of meas ' tained, by reason of a relative certaintyof lit, in urements, types, models, styles and perhaps of an assurance of satisfaction of the »selected gar other varying characteristics. The device is par ment; in a reduction of number of _merchandise ‘ Yticularly, although by no means exclusively, de returns, increase in number of sales «possible by each sales person >in a given unit/of` time; and increased customer satisfaction byV obviating un certainty7 and vacillation on thecustomer’sï'part. signed to facilitate the correct selection of items of >women’s wear such as lingerie. InV order to assure, or at least enable an opti mum. selection oi garments from an extensive stock, whether a manufacturer’s stock or at re . VVThe foregoing and'numerou's other objects"v will moreV cleariy appear from the following detailed description of a single, exemplary, preferred ein tail, there are provided not only >a substantial number of styles and types of lingerie and other 15 >bodiment ofthe invention, »anda consideration garments, but there is also noted a Atendency ' ofthe description in `coni'iection‘with the accom -* . among more progressive manufacturers to attain Y panying drawing, in which: , ` ' ` Fig. 1’ is an assembly of the device,~ viewed in an increasing l‘perfection’ of iit> and adaptability of garments to out-size or small size iigures, or ' plan, with portions of an upper and an interme figures of unusual and abnormal' proportions'. It 20 diate disc broken away for clearness of"under standing; A is 'nevertheless realized in. manufacturing and Fig. 2 is a plan view of an intermediate disc, merchandising circles, that this increasing spe and Fig. 3 `a» corresponding view of a base-or ' cialization and individualization‘of garments in lower disc, the discs'of Figs. 2 and 3 being-'shown troduces, by reason ofa much greater number " ’ of stock items, an increasing likelihood of error 25 in corresponding relative positions. Referring now by characters of -reference’to the drawing, the device, as shown, but" with pos in the case of inexperienced or inadequately sibilities of variation in number and arrangement trained'retail sales> persons, and, >even in the of its elements, includes ay base or A‘bottom disc case of experienced -personnel, the added com plication‘ofproper selection‘andntting of gar 30 element, generallyindicated ‘at l0. Shown 'as of ycircular form, the base’ is provided with a fixed ments has heretofore'required first, a'thorough in customer’s selection. Thisl is particularly true knowledge of the stockand types‘of’individuals to be iitted, and secondly, a quick'andlhereto fore sometimes difficult mental process on the ‘ center pin or the _like I`I,‘ identified with an axis of rotation and, ’in the formfshown, als'o‘an axis of structure. In this example, provision isl'made _part of the sales person, in order'to arrive at 35 for selection of a garment, according» tov size and the’optimum combination of at-‘least'three vari ables in an item of lingerie, viz., height of wear er, hip and bust measurement. The present in customer measurements, of any‘of’four styles, models, numbers, types or other desired basis oi' group-ing. Accordingly thearea of the base ' I il is divided into four vequal aliquot areas ory ' mary objective the attainment of `a simpliñed 40 sectors I2, i3, I4 and I5. ‘ vention accordingly has as its general and pri low-cost device which will Ylargely eliminate the high degree of personal equation >heretofore in volved in the correct selection of an optimum item of wearing apparel for an individual pur Along one of the arcuatemargins of tliebase disc I 0 is a series of equiangularly related gradu ations I5, accompanied by al designation I1 which, inthe present case, consists of the word “hips,” 45 or other wording to identify the dimensions or measurement signified by the graduation's i6. A further and important object of» the inven These latter in the present 4examplecover a range tion is attained in a simple. compact,»easily-maof sizes, within the sector I2, of 3410146 'inclu nipulatable article for the general purpose afore said. and which by one or two simple operations In each oi the sectors I2, I3, I4 and I5, vis pro .instantly visually indicates anyone of a number vided, fc-r a purpose later appearing,l a series of of styles, if more than one, and of a stock num target areas or' indicia of suitable or desirable ber, size, or other designation which practically form, each area. shown as being-approximately assures against error on the part of sales persons rectangular, being indicated "at 2l). It‘will be and others identiiied with garment selection and iitting, particularly in the women’s apparel fields. 55 noted that, by preference, proceeding in a given direction‘across eachfof the base sectors, the areas ` Yet another object of theginvention is attained `2i) are displaced, each from the preceding area, in a calculator 0r determining device of the gen both in an-angularand in afradîal direction. eral type and for the generalpurpose noted, which> Otherwise expressed, these predeterminedareas is of novel form, and which is so quickly operable chaser or user. , sive. , and freel of possibilitiesof rpersonalerror, as` very 60 materially to reduce .the time of clerks and others , ' aredisplaced in~A onesdirection of‘- relative'move `»ment of the superpcsed planar elements-such as 2,406,495 3 ,4 quadrant of the present example,V through the the severalV discs `later to> be described, thisbe y inclusive range of 3l to do, and is accompanied ‘ Fing in a direction about or along the element,` by a suitable legend or marking 38, giving signifi aswell as being displaced radially of the discs.V ' This exact arrangement~ or pattern of areas, will", ' " cance, as 0f size, to the row of graduations 3'?. be dictated ysomewhat by the numberof aliquot., Proceeding now to a description Vof the upper' . most or top disc, this'is. as noted, cf somewhat divisionsrof the base disc, and possibly .otherzof . the relatively displaceable elements of theisele'c 'smaller diameter than the intermediate discV 39, Íand is generally indicated at fill, being provided ' rangement as shown, is preferred,and in practice?M ,'-with a central aperture 35A, and is divided into tor. YGenerally speaking,- however, a'step'ped are 1 ' it is also preferred to impart to the `targetnar'eas i >four-_»,equal-aliquot parts or in the circular form 20, a bright color which may be different in the -.shown, into quadrants di, 42, 43 and M. Each of the several individual quadrants of disc ll@ is different sectors, Vfor example, red, yellow, green and blue, so as` to enable the target areas'or portionssthereof to bemore readily visible for in dicating purposes, as will hereinafter better apr` significant of a particular style, type, model or pear. It should be noted as by no means essen tial that the number of areas Zehe/the same in , Vample, slips Vor other items of lingerie. l These identifying >indicia are indicated at 45, A6, 41 other broad grouping of the generally similar items of stock for a` common purpose, for ex the several base quadrants; for example, one .~ ëandfáß, and the disc further bears, as .applicable y eitherto thetop -disc di! or to the whole selector . vquadrant contains five of the areas 20, the other i l Y . l i'our -each. ' ` assembly, indicia of applicabilityfor and signiñ cance in vconnection with height of wearer. For example,.`the indicia “under 5’ 3”,” as pointed out « Proceeding now to a description of aplanar ele- ' ment which'is preferably displaceably disposed . by the numeralèû, is of importance in connection L. immediately in adjacence Ito the base I0, a pre with' other size indicia later to be described, and cated at 30, and is shown in the Vform of a; circular 25 is obviously of significance in selection of length ferred form of -such element isY generally indi . disc whose center or axis 3|»is coincident> with 1Y ~ Each of the quadrants iii, ¿32, 43 and ¿t4 of »the ‘» theimounting pinv or pivot element Il, hereafter , - -uppermost disc is provided intermediate'ìts boun referred to, and maybe mounted thereon. y daries with a linear and radial row of slightly ‘ It is a preference for best andmost complete ofgarment. « . - or apertures Si), opposite each of -which is Yan th‘e selector, of say three'size variables o-r dimen- ¿ fsions; for example, the height of the wearer,> , Ywhich obviously is reflected in diiferences in»` ~length of the garment selected, also hip measure~ , 35 > 'ments' and bust measurements. To this end, , vthreesuperposed preferably planar and rela tively movable elements are employed, together identifying garment size number, these being col lectively referred to by» reference-character 5|. A further and important indicating feature pres entlyidentiñed with the uppermost disc, is'ex. vempliiied by the indexing arrow 52;. Any other similar-.indexing expedient may- be employed, for Yexample a projection on or notch' in the material with some means such‘ as the pivot I I of the pres- I ` ofthedisc4ß.~. ï "ent‘example, for constraining these elements to 40, It will be noted how Y spaced, narrow, radially elongate windows, ports results for the particular intended purpose of the present design, to provide for the accumulation in a fixed path of movement. Y . - YSince the upper or topmost disc, in the present Y example, 'is divided into four equal aliquot areas or vquadrants for the purpose of denoting four particular stylesV of stock garments, the inter ever,V that for certain purposes wherein no more than two variables need be taken into account, s’ as Vin `~the shoe trade for example, whereinV the: mediate and'basediscs are also divided into cor responding areas or quadrants such that aper ì' shoe size) "and last or width', a two-element ar- ’ ^ tures formed in and indicia carried on the lat ter discs respectively may be arranged in a pre ` ‘ rangement may prove suiiicient; however, in the present ïarrangement of three superposed ele- . f determined pattern within each quadrant to co l ments, »Iit is preferred to form the discs ofv de:î i -» operate with the indicia on the upper disc for . ‘ principal dimensions of account are length> (or ` 'f 50 Vthe critical, but for easy visibilty, vit is preferred to purpose >of indicating which style of stock garment and size within Vthat stock will provide vthe best fit. Thus the quadrants delineated on ^ provide say at least a one-fourth `to three eighths the base disc serve to denne areas within which "creasing, diameter from bottom to top. _The exact ä extent'of‘diminution of diameters or areas is not «indicia must be located in order to render the inch margin on the base disc,rbeyond theY perim-î ï veter of the intermediate disc, and also to provide 55 selector device fully useful.v In the case of the . g for th‘e same difference between the intermediate and uppermost or top element. ‘ ` TheV intermediate disc 30 of the present ’ex >:intermediate disc the several patterns ofY aper tures formed therein must be located in the quadrant areas appearing thereon in a manner to cooperate with the indicia on the bas discand ample similarly to the bottom disc orbase, is ` ï provided'with an axial aperture 3|, and is- divided 60 likewise with the patterns of.V apertures and ap- ` plicable indicia appearing onthe ,upper disc. It 1 into four aliquot parts, otherwise designated as ' ' should be observed that the number of aliquot i quadrantsV 32,'33, Bland 35. Since in the 'base areas delineated on each of thediscs may be in disc, each of the quadrants isrcharacterizedV by ` the same general arrangement of indicia 20 and; Y creased»` from that shown to provide fora Wider 3 th'e same pattern or a substantially similar pat (i: selection of rgarrnentsor the'divisions may be de Y creasedif such is desirable. 1 tern in'y each of the quadrants, th'e intermediate The device Ymay be constructed in a variety of disc' 30 isV also provided in each quadrant with a . ' i' pattern shown'as consisting of four, and inione i .vwayswithout departing from the general under 3 z 1 ; ll quadrant, five stepped rectangular apertures or;V windows 36. VThe general arrangement, pattern. and areasV of the windows 36 corresponds lbroadly `to the pattern and areas of the indicia-bearing portions 20 of base plate IB. The provision of an Vangularly related ’series of graduations, gen lying principles thereof, and is `by preference formed of a stacked series-of planar elements suitably imprinted or lithographed. These ele ments may be of paper, cardboard, sheet plastic, \ metal or combinations of such materials; fur-. . thermore, it should be noted that. the occasional ; ; ` erally indicated Vat 3'1- extends, inyat least one 75 use h'erein of terminology such as'î‘rupper” and ¿5 ‘.‘lower”.is1not»to Vbe understood aslimiting -the device' to any :particular .position of :use ' or Ydis ;play,: since obviously its functionisindependent ofthe position’of its >axis element ,I.I, or'other means 'constraining the relatively movable ele mentsto substantially’a common path .of move ment. ÍThis terminology isaccordingly employed only for brevityand convenience of `description but Without limitation. .The manner and Vusage ,of Atheselector assem .bly when -employed'in connection with, articles of `wearing«apparel,:is-thought .now to have become _'Itlshould benoted as. entirely feasible and‘with 'inlpresent` contemplation, that, in` case, for. exam 4ple,x.there- is Vonly a: single style„.number or model kofhglçaifment .from which selection isito be eiîected, f .afgroupofthree selected quadrantsof the assem :bly.:could of themselves .be employed, for example, quadrant 1|,2uof .the ¿base disc, 32 .of theinterme »diateudisc-.and 44 of the top disc. Accordingly, the .use of theiterm ‘fdisc” isy intended in a broad sense vand-:not .as;particularly limiting therela .tively movable elements to-'a full circular or other -speciñc'forrn , . ‘obvious from the foregoing ¿detailed description Itisí-well known in certain types of calculator of : itslparts 'and combinations, but it may for devices, forexample, in slide- rules characterized ycompleteness' be indicated-as usual practice for 15 by either logarithmic or arithmeticgraduations, Ath'e salesperson to ascertain the'height of the that-the same principles of indication and setting wearer of the garment to'be selected. An appro may lbe.. employed 'whether the slide rule- be of priate selector assembly is then employed, as de linear cr circular construction and arrangement. termined by the indicia of height signiñcance Obviously' also, the principles ofthe present selec pointed out by numeral 49. 'Hip sizeand bust tor may, in .a Ymanner which will now have be size are taken by measurement and recommen come obvious, be embodied in a device in which dation given, according to type of figure and the'elements are of elongate rectangular form and other, personal factors, as to which of the> plu areflinearly..displaceable, all within the intended rality of available styles or types ofgarment is scope hereof. ~ bestadapted for the customer. In the present , Although the invention has been described by example this'selection will be elîected from one making. detailed'reference to a single preferred of 'the four appropriate indicia 45, 46, 41 and 48. embodim'entthereof, the detail of description is to Theselector is now ready for manipulation, in .be understood rsolely in the sense that it is in volving only two'relative placements of the discs. structive ofthe practice ofthe invention, rather TheñrSt of these consists in a superposition of than Ain any. limiting sense, because of the many the now-determined bust size,‘andvhip size, each asrea'd-on the margins, respectively, of the inter mediateï-and-base disc, in the roWs‘of graduations variants îpossible withinthe full intended'scope vand spirit of «the'claims hereunto appended. ' l " I claim‘as my invention: 31 vand I5. For example, with a bustfmeasure ïl. Adevice for aid in selecting a lady’s garment ment of v34 andfahip measurement of 36, the in 35 from a 'stock of varying sizes and styles, the de dex line :corresponding to bust ñgure 34 will ‘ce vice including three superposed planar elements, .brought `in alignment or vregister lwith the hip two of which are relatively displaceable and indi measurementfgraduation 36. The two lowermost vidually ‘displaceable with respect to the third or discs now being relatively positioned, the upper base element, base and one other element each most disc is partially" rotated Vto bring its index 40 having‘a row the of graduations arranged for selec mark,-such asfarrowf52,`> also in alignment or reg tive‘register upon'relative displacement thereof, ister with the'two graduation lines' above referred one such row being a range of hip sizes and the to. »There‘will then immediately be visually indi other, a range‘of bust sizes, the elements other cated,> for example, if the underlying target areas than the base each having a plurality of aper E0 yof« disc 'Iûhbe'bright'red -in color, a flash ap pearance-offresi color throughat least one of the apertures Ior'windows `:âllzof the uppermost disc. There may «be coincidentally, - an ¿appearance of other -areas' 2t of the base disc, :through one'or perhaps more than one of the-windows 5U in other of thefquadrants ofL the upper disc'- 4B, and if de sired, -and as. noted, 'differentfgroups of the target areas 2ß'of‘t-he'~base disc in the severall quadrants maybe provided with diiîerent colors lor other indicia, vin the interest of obvia-ting error. In» any event, with the three discs' now setas noted, »there is nowl accumulated-in thefselectorvthe' three size variables heretofore noted, namely, #wearer height, (oriength ofgarment), loustsizei-andy hip size. The' result Jattained will become obvious with out Adetailed description of underlying reasons, it being 'apparent that by ‘reason of the vstepped arrangement of yareas 2D and ythesteppedI arrange ment "-of‘ windows “36, there lwill 'usually appear at tures, said'apertures being' arranged in dissimilar patterns on the respective elements for selective V,register when the apertured elements are dis placed, one such pattern of apertures consisting of a stepped arrangement in which the apertures of thepattern are progressively displaced in two directions, a dissimilar cooperating pattern of ap ertures on an adjacent elementbeing a linear arrangement, with the line of apertures extending across the path-of movement of the element'in which they areformed, the base element having a plurality ‘of items of indicia so arranged in a pattern as to -‘ cooperate with and be selectively visible through the registered apertures of the otherelements in .accordance with the selected register óf lsaid rows of graduations for predeter mined hip’ and bust sizes, and further indicia on one of the Vapertured elements including means selectively coacting with the selected register of least one, sometimes 4more than one,`of the areas the rows' of graduations to predetermine hip and dows ‘50 in any given quadrant of the upper disc. ables-sand». arranged. for »selectiveregisten.and said bust sizesfor selectively determining the visibility through the Awindows of intermediate Vdisc 30. of .an item of 'indicia on the base element, to des However, because of the restricted width and lin ignate a stock garment of optimum size and style. ear arrangement of aperturesI 59 ‘in disc 4U, and 2. LA' device for aid in selecting a garment from the-stepped arrangementof-windows 35 in disc 3i),l anddue further tothe particular patterns of Win 70 a stock of vvarying sizes and styles, including three superposedscircular discs, two `of which are rela dows `3'5 and areas’2ß, there will never, in the de tively4 rotatable vand each rotatable iwith respect sign shown, be vsuch-a registration'of apertures 50 and 36 as to display the target color or indicia toa thirdortbase disc-the base-disc and oneother of Vareas »20` through‘more’than "one of the win having «.,angularJ-graduations ' denoting size vari 2,406,495 Y 7 8 ~ other liavinglapertures arranged in angularly and radially displaced relation for selective register with the apertures in the other disc, the remain to include that of the customer. for v.whom selec tion is to be >eiîected, the relative rotation of each disc, to relate the respective rows of graduations ing disc having a radial row of apertures, the and indexing indicia for predetermined registra ¿base-ldisc having a plurality of separate indiciaA selectively visible through the selectively registra tion, being effective to bring an indicia on the base disc into visible range within registering aper tures in the upper and intermediate discs to des nt, three superpcsed rotatablecircular discs, a disc area. patterns of apertures in the intermediate disc, range of hip-measurements, a similar row of an arranged in a pattern to cooperate with and be ignate optimum style and personal fit. >ble'apertures of the other discs, and further in 5. The combination and arrangement of the ’.dicia 0n the uppermost disc including means ar ranged in cooperatingLrelation with the selected 10 elements and features as recited by claim 4 but further characterized in the division ofthe areas registerfof the angular graduations on the base of-theseveral discs into the same number of ali disc and one other disc for determining the se. quot,V parts, the corresponding aliquot parts of lectedf'relative-rotation vthereof and visibility of the several discs being cooperative in reference base 'disc indicium to designate optimum size and 15 to apredetermined style, model or type of article style of 'garment Y Y , ' oi apparel, and in whichdilîering indicia are em 3. In a device for selecting- an article of lingerie ‘ ployed in the several .aliquot divisions of the base from a stock thereof, to assure optimum style and , 5. ïn-a devicev for aid in selecting an article of row of angularly related graduations indicating a range 'of hip measurementsA on the lowermost or 20 Wearing lapparel from a stock thereof to assure optimum style land personal fit, three superposed. base disc, said base disc having a plurality of pat relatively rotatable concentric discs of substan terns of indicia' thereon, the indicia in each pat tially circular form andof progressively decreased tern being arranged in stepped relation, a row of diameter, whereby to render at least a marginal angularly related graduations on the intermedi ateidis'c, indicating a range of bust measurements, 25 portion of each of the discs visible and accessible for manipulation at all times, a row of angularly said rows being in physical adjacence to enable related graduations on thelowermost or base disc, juxtapdsition'` of ' graduations indicating applica indicia adjacent the graduations to indicate a yble bust'and hip measurements,'a plurality of ‘each pattern-being a stepped arrangement of ap 30 gularly related graduations on the intermediate discV and indicia adjacent said graduations to ren ertures, a corresponding plurality of patterns of der them indicative of bust measurements, the - apertures arranged inradial rows being provided graduations including index lines such that one in the >upper disc for ‘cooperative and selective or more lines of the two said rows are adapted registerwith apertures inthe intermediate disc, the upper 'disc being provided, with style indicia 35 to be brought into register, the rows of gradua tions being movable into physical adjacence toY for each pattern'ofV apertures and separate size enable through rotation of the discs, an align indicia adjacent each aperture ofthe radial row, ment ci graduations corresponding to predeter the three discs being pivotally mounted on a com mined hip and bust measurements, a plurality of mon axis, and'being'graduated in diameter from bottomto‘top, whereby to render marginal por 40 patterns of indicia on theV base disc, those indicia tions of each- disc visible and accessible at all times, and other indicia on the upper disc for se of each said pattern being in a stepped formation personal ñt, three superposed relatively rotatable ing substantially uniformly spaced radially of the ' disc, and the apertures in the upper disc being of substantially lesser area than those of the inter but-with certain of the patterns diiïering in rela tive disposition and arrangement from others on lective register with the juxtapositionment of the base disc, a plurality of patterns of apertures graduationson the base and'intermediate discs being lprovided in the intermediate disc, each of Yin ‘accordance with Vhip and bust measurements said patterns being in the nature of a stepped for determining the relative rotation of said discs, relation of Ysuch apertures, and the several pat rotation thereof's'erving to bring indicia on the terns on the intermediate disc diiîering in the base V'disc into view through registered apertures relation of apertures to each other in the same in the intermediate and upper discs to designate 50 pattern, a plurality of patterns of apertures be optimum style and nt of an article of lingerie. ing provided in the upper disc and arranged in , 4.- In a device for selecting an article of lingerie radial rows, the apertures of the radial rows be from a stock thereof to assure optimum style and discs, a row of angularly related graduations on the lowermost or base disc, indicating a range of hip measurements, a similarlrow ofv angularly re mediate disc, there being provided separate size latedY graduations on the intermediate >dismin dicative. of bust measurements, the graduations radial rows on the upper disc, the spacing in an indicia adjacent each aperture of each of said gular and radial directions of the base disc pat nf thetwo said rows are adapted to be brought 60 terns and the arrangement and areas of the ap ertures in the intermediate disc being of such into register, said rows being in physical adja structural arrangement that the base areas are cenceto enable through `rotation of the discs, an selectively visible through one or a small plurality alignment of graduations corresponding >to pre of the apertures in the upper disc, and indexing L determined- hip and bust measurements, the upì indicia on the upper disc arranged for cooper permost disc being provided with indexing indicia ative registration with the predetermined align adapted to be brought to register with predeter ment of graduations on the baseand intermedi mined registering graduations of the respective ate discs to indicate the desired relative rotational rows thereof. a stepped arrangement of indicia on arrangement of said discs and‘thereby determine the basedisc. a stepped arrangement of apertures a selection of wearing apparel in accordance with being provided on the'intermediate disc, and a the size indicia adjacent the apertures in the Yup radial row of apertures being provided in the up per'ydisc as denoted by the selectively visible base per, disc, with separate size indicia adjacent each aperture of said radial row, theY upper disc being including index lines such that one or more lines area. further provided with indicia signiñcant of style, model or'type of articleV and of a range of heights ' ~` 75 .if " ' ‘ . - Y yli’lftlilDERICK R. GRAND-JEAN.