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Патент USA US2406513

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Aug. 27,1946.
D. sErrzMAN _
Filed July 1'ï,` 1944
2 Sheets-Sheet l
.had âez’z’zrrzm
> Aug; 27, 1.946.
, D. sl-:lTzMAN
'Filed July 17, 1944
2 Sheets-¿Sheet 2
Patented Aug. 27,n 1946
2,406,513 '
vernam ySASH Wmow
~ l.David seaman, New York,
Application July 17', 19441„ser1a1 No. 545,297
.f3 Glaims.
This invention relates to new' and“ usefuië'i'mf-n
Fig. 9 is ain elevational? view- of a-Window' con-I
provements in Windows, and` ’hasmore particular
structedV in'- accordance» with‘another form. or this@
reference to la novel` dou-ble sash window.'
Thel invention particular-Iy' proposes an im»-y
Fig. l’ûis another elevational View of’ a windowl
constructed -in accordance with stillf anotl‘i'enforniA
proved Window sash which is characterized ‘oyV
oiî this invention.
ì ì
anv outer sash frame for sllidalol‘yl engaging in a
Fig. lllj is5 stiliv another“ window embodying this1
window frame, and an inner sash- framev hingedly
connected with the' outer’ sash frame for closing
Fig.' '12. 'is a> fragmentary detailed’ ’View`> showing'
the» opening of the outer sash frame.l
Itis proposed that-the new and improved' Win-v 11.0" a further `modiiication of the invention.'
They double sash window, in accordance with
dnwy sashV be- used in conjunction with' counter-`
that .formi of vtláie'- invention disclosed in Figs. l'
weights. orf other syst-,emsl now generally used" or
known of: for reducing the.` eiîort required: in
and 2ï,the
sashes the
‘l’ I= arefslidabl'y'
frame 'îi‘hese|01'
moving the window sash».
sashes: may be connected; with the usual: counter'
The invention. contemplates‘numerousv embodi
ments of improvedv window sashesl. Specifically,
it isr proposed to wary/'the hinged; arrangement
weight's (not rshoxlvnùî or other mechanism to re'- '
off the inner sash
the outer sash, for" ex
ample, byz pivoting' the inner: sash frame at one
side,v or‘at the other~ side, or‘ati the top, or'at they
bottom,y or intermediatel of' its ends,n etc.;
sash it comprises an' outer sash- fi’ame- I2's1idab1y
mounted in said window frame lill, and an inner
sash trame. |34’. for closingl the» opening of’ the.
outer sash frame 12'.' The inner vsash frame- M
The invention. also proposesza 'noifel-y means for
is: liiîr-rg'edlsr-~ connected Wit’hthe outer sash frame
securelyí holding' the sash: trames together to pre»
t2' byfhinges. Iii along one of their ' adiacent sides.
duce the effort required inmaving` them. Each
The sash, frames t2 and" M are associatedr with,
v.ßmothetc- object >off 'the` invention .is the 4cori» 25@ means ffor securely holding them together tor` pre-f
vent rattling.
This means includes» several?
and durable
of a. device
which may which»
be manufac-isi
domes-'shaped >memioers'` I6 slid'ably mounted on
one ot the sash frames and engageable- with-‘voorh
turede and» sol’d .at a` reasonable cost.
For iurther‘ comprehensioi-iy of tât'lef.- invent-ion,A
v responding recesses.` on the adiacent sash frame'.
and of the objects an-dadvantages- thereof-,refe '3U-i
enence will be: had’ tol the following; ydescription
andaccompanying drawings, and‘ftoi the appended
claims in which thesvarious novelî features >ofA` the
invention are more particularty setuihrtl'r-`
In the accompanying drawings forming av ma»A
particularly,,eachî Yd‘ome-shapedy member i6
is slidably mounted
a1. casing YIît set into one
ofthe sasl'n frames. A1 spring i8ì is housed? within
the. casing4v M? and normally resilientltzA urges the
dome-shaped member I'Bf outwards; '
The operation ofthe invention maybe under
Fig.. 1 is a. front eleuational'e View.` cfa win'd’oiiv.A
provided: Ywith sashes constructed in accordance
stood" from thev following.
'I-'iëi‘eA window sashes Iîlï when in their clfosed‘
position may beì moved“ upwards andÉ downward-'s
with this invention.
in the conventional Way. If for any' reason it is
teri'al partei’this;disclosure:`
Fig. 2` isa fragmentary enlarged horizontallsec»
tionalview taken on. the Huet-_2: of Fig'.
Fig. 3 is anl elevational` Viewl of another win
dow constructed in. accordance with a modiiiìedf
form ofi-tlrds'rirrvention.4
Fig; 4: is2 a fragmentary enlarged detailed
of a portion of Fig,>
Fig. 5 is a detailed view `similar to Fig. 4 but
illustrating certain of the parts in different posi
Fig. 6 is a, fragmentary vertical sectional View
taken on the line G--S of Fig. 4.
Fig. '7 is a horizon-tal sectional view taken on
the line 1-1 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is a fragmentary enlarged vertical sec
tional view taken on the line 8-8 of Fig. 3.
desired?. toA conveniently reach tlli'eI outer faces of
the panes: included in the Window sash it is
merely-f necessary to=
openV the? inner -sa‘shy
frame f4?. In Fig. 1 the upper'sash- is' shownin
its-"closed position, while the-lower'one is shown
its inneriiirame part‘iaH-y swung open.
lin Figs. 31-_8 inclus-ive a modi-"iisd form of' the
inventionL has been ‘disclosed which basi'calláifl is
simiiar toY they first form off' the invention, but
differs in several respects. Inthe ñrst place each
inner sash frame I4 is hingedly connected with
the outer sash frame I2’ by hinges l5 positioned
along the bottom edge portions of these frames.
In the second place, each outer sash frame l2
has its side arms formed of two separate sec
tions 20 and 2| in end alignment with each
' 3
frames |4a close the openings of the outer sash »_
other. Side plates 22 are attached to the section
20 by fastening elements 23. .These side plates
In other respects thisvform of the invention isr
engage within recesses 24 formed along the faces
of the section 2|. A rod 25 is turnably mounted
similar to that previously shown and like refer
ence numerals identify like parts in each of the
several views.
In Fig. 12 a, reinforcing bolt 40 is shown in the
bottom portion of the outer sash frame |2". `A
through' each section 2| and is provi-ded with a
pair of cams 2B engaging complementary cutouts
21 formed in the side plates 22. The inner end
of the rod 25 is provided with a knob 28 »by
slot 4| Yis formed to be extending inwardly from
which itm'ay beturned. A spring 29 Vis housedV
Within alcavityß-D in oneïof the sections, namely, 10 the edge 42` of 'the outer sash frame I2". This
slot is adapted to receive a nut'43 which engages
the -section 2|, and engages against'the section
20 for resiliently urging the sections apart.
_ overV the threaded end of the bolt 40. v When this `
The top edgevof the inner sash frame |4fis7‘
nut is secured on thebolt, it reinforces the win
formed with a groove 3| extending its full length. ¿
Theouter sash frame I2’ is provided with a
tongue 32 engageable into the groove 3|.?
'I’he operation of this form of the invention is
>dowusash and prevents the windows from sagging,
warping _or loosening on their joints.
While I have Yillustrated and described the pre
lferred.embodiments of my invention, it is to be
similar to the prior form. When the inner sash' ` ‘ understood that I do not limit myself to the
precise constructions herein disclosed and the
frame is closed in relation to the outer sash frame
Ythe windows may be moved in a conventional 20 right is reserved to all changes and modifications
coming within the -scope of the invention
manner. If itis desired to open the innersash
fined in theappended claims., , ' I
frame I4 it is> first necessary that the knobs 128
be turned, to turn the cams 26 from their locking
Having thusv described my invention, what IKV
positions, illustrated `by Fig. 4, »to their openl po
'claim as new and desire to secure by United States
sitions, illustrated by Fig. 5. kIn the latter po 25 Letters Patent is:
1. In a window, a window sash, ycomprising an
sition, the sections 2li and 2| of thev side armsof
Y the outer frame I2' are slightly separated. _This
outer sashframe for «sliding in a ¿window‘frama'
an inner sash frame for closingtheopening of
separation will move the tongue 32 out .ofthe
said outer sash frame, and'meansïfor'hingedly
groove 3|. Now the inner sash frame isfreeto
; In: Fig. 3 the lowerfwindow _sash is illustrated
with> its'inner sash .frame partially swung open;
The upper window' sash is illustrated with its
sash frames closed> in relation to each other.
Whenv the tongue 32 and groove 3| ofthe sash
connecting said inner sash frame with said outer
sash vrframe,- said outer sash frame having-its side
arms formed of separate sections in endalign-x
ment with each other,- and means for. selectivelydrawing said sections together orîslightlysep-i
arating the sections for clamping the’inner sash
frames engage each other the sash frameswill
frame within the outer sash framex" " I
' .
be4 securely held'against rattling.
` .
, -
In Fig. 9 still another modified form of the
invention is disclosed, whichis very similar `to
the -form shown in Fig. 3, distinguishing however,
in the fact that-the outer sash frame |2"~ has
its side arms 20" and -2|" `of separate sections
separated above its horizontal center..1 VThe'inner
sash` frame | 4 >is hingedly or pivotallyv mounted
within the outer sash-frame I2” by pivots 35 at 45
In other respects this form of the invention is
identical tothe previous form and like partsare
' i ‘
> 2. In a window, a window sash,- comprising’an'
outer sash frame for sliding in a window'framé,
van .inner sash frame for closing 'the openingY of
said louter sash frame, and=means `for hingedly
connecting said inner 'sash frame with said outer Y
'sash frame, `said'outer sash frame having Vits s'ide
arms formed of- separate vsections in" 'end align-f'l
ment with each other, and means for selectivelyA
drawing said 'sectionsïtogether or‘slightl'y sep
arating .the sections for clamping the ’inner sashframe within the‘outer 'sash frame; one of said'
sash frames being provided with a‘t'ongue' along
indicated by like reference numerals.
`its top side engageable with a complementary
In Fig. 10 still another form of the invention is- 50 groove inthe other frame.Y
disclosedwhich isvery similar to the form shown
3. `In a window, a window sash, comprising anin Fig. 3, distinguishing in the Vfact that the inner
outer sash frame vfor sliding ina window frame;v
sash frames I4 >are hingedly or pivotally» con
an inner sash frame for closing the’opening?of'.,
nected with the outer sash frames |2’ by pivots
said outer sash frame, and means for hingedlyfA
36 at-the centers of the horizontal arms thereof.
connecting said inner sash' frame with said`outer
In other respects this form of the invention is
sash frame, said outer sash frame having its 'Aside
_similar to that previously shown and like refer
arms formed of separate sections in end align
ence numerals identifylike parts in each of the
ment with .each other, and means'for selectively'drawing said sections together or slightly’ïsepf
' In Fig. 11 another form of the invention has 60 arating -the‘sections` for clamping the inner sash
been disclosed which is verysimilar to the one
frame _withinthe outer sash`frame, said latter'
shownvin Fig. 1, distinguishing merely in the‘factv
meansincluding rods -turnably mounted ònîo'ne
that the outer sash frames |2agare formedwith'V` . of the sections, side plates mounted on the other'>
central vertical arms 38 dividing them into two
of the seotions§`and cams on's'aid'turn‘able rods>
panels each. The inner sash frame'is in lthe» 65. cooperative.`A with openingsin said side platesiför
nature of vseparate inner sash frames I4a hingedly
moving the side arms as specified. `
connected at their outer sides bythe hinges I5`
with the inner sash frame. These inner sash
several views».
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