Патент USA US2406513код для вставки
Aug. 27,1946. ' ' D. sErrzMAN _ ` 2,406,513 ~ DoUBLEVsAsH WINDOW , _ Filed July 1'ï,` 1944 ' 2 Sheets-Sheet l ’ . 'lBY INVENTOR. .had âez’z’zrrzm ' > Aug; 27, 1.946. ' 2,406,513 , D. sl-:lTzMAN ì DOUBLE SASH WINDOW 'Filed July 17, 1944 ` 2 Sheets-¿Sheet 2 l l Mmmm ` Patented Aug. 27,n 1946 2,406,513 ' STATES ' PAT ` ` I OF F'IfC E. 2,406,513 . l vernam ySASH Wmow ~ l.David seaman, New York, Y. Application July 17', 19441„ser1a1 No. 545,297 .f3 Glaims. (CL. This invention relates to new' and“ usefuië'i'mf-n Fig. 9 is ain elevational? view- of a-Window' con-I provements in Windows, and` ’hasmore particular structedV in'- accordance» with‘another form. or this@ reference to la novel` dou-ble sash window.' Thel invention particular-Iy' proposes an im»-y invention. ' ` ' Fig. l’ûis another elevational View of’ a windowl constructed -in accordance with stillf anotl‘i'enforniA proved Window sash which is characterized ‘oyV oiî this invention. ì ì anv outer sash frame for sllidalol‘yl engaging in a Fig. lllj is5 stiliv another“ window embodying this1 window frame, and an inner sash- framev hingedly invention. V connected with the' outer’ sash frame for closing Fig.' '12. 'is a> fragmentary detailed’ ’View`> showing' the» opening of the outer sash frame.l Itis proposed that-the new and improved' Win-v 11.0" a further `modiiication of the invention.' 4 ’ They double sash window, in accordance with dnwy sashV be- used in conjunction with' counter-` that .formi of vtláie'- invention disclosed in Figs. l' weights. orf other syst-,emsl now generally used" or known of: for reducing the.` eiîort required: in which and 2ï,the includes sashes the ‘l’ I= arefslidabl'y' usualvwindow' mounted.. frame 'îi‘hese|01' moving the window sash». f sashes: may be connected; with the usual: counter' The invention. contemplates‘numerousv embodi ments of improvedv window sashesl. Specifically, it isr proposed to wary/'the hinged; arrangement weight's (not rshoxlvnùî or other mechanism to re'- ' off the inner sash the outer sash, for" ex ample, byz pivoting' the inner: sash frame at one side,v or‘at the other~ side, or‘ati the top, or'at they bottom,y or intermediatel of' its ends,n etc.; sash it comprises an' outer sash- fi’ame- I2's1idab1y mounted in said window frame lill, and an inner sash trame. |34’. for closingl the» opening of’ the. outer sash frame 12'.' The inner vsash frame- M The invention. also proposesza 'noifel-y means for is: liiîr-rg'edlsr-~ connected Wit’hthe outer sash frame securelyí holding' the sash: trames together to pre» t2' byfhinges. Iii along one of their ' adiacent sides. duce the effort required inmaving` them. Each The sash, frames t2 and" M are associatedr with, v.ßmothetc- object >off 'the` invention .is the 4cori» 25@ means ffor securely holding them together tor` pre-f vent rattling. This means includes» several? ple; struction` and durable of a. device and?as'fmentioned" which may which» be manufac-isi domes-'shaped >memioers'` I6 slid'ably mounted on one ot the sash frames and engageable- with-‘voorh turede and» sol’d .at a` reasonable cost. vent'rattling; ' " For iurther‘ comprehensioi-iy of tât'lef.- invent-ion,A v responding recesses.` on the adiacent sash frame'. and of the objects an-dadvantages- thereof-,refe '3U-i enence will be: had’ tol the following; ydescription andaccompanying drawings, and‘ftoi the appended claims in which thesvarious novelî features >ofA` the invention are more particularty setuihrtl'r-` In the accompanying drawings forming av ma»A particularly,,eachî Yd‘ome-shapedy member i6 is slidably mounted a1. casing YIît set into one ofthe sasl'n frames. A1 spring i8ì is housed? within the. casing4v M? and normally resilientltzA urges the dome-shaped member I'Bf outwards; ' The operation ofthe invention maybe under Fig.. 1 is a. front eleuational'e View.` cfa win'd’oiiv.A provided: Ywith sashes constructed in accordance stood" from thev following. 'I-'iëi‘eA window sashes Iîlï when in their clfosed‘ position may beì moved“ upwards andÉ downward-'s with this invention. in the conventional Way. If for any' reason it is teri'al partei’this;disclosure:` - > l Fig. 2` isa fragmentary enlarged horizontallsec» tionalview taken on. the Huet-_2: of Fig'. Fig. 3 is anl elevational` Viewl of another win dow constructed in. accordance with a modiiiìedf form ofi-tlrds'rirrvention.4 y Fig; 4: is2 a fragmentary enlarged detailed of a portion of Fig,> ~ l Fig. 5 is a detailed view `similar to Fig. 4 but illustrating certain of the parts in different posi tions. Fig. 6 is a, fragmentary vertical sectional View taken on the line G--S of Fig. 4. " Fig. '7 is a horizon-tal sectional view taken on the line 1-1 of Fig. 4. Fig. 8 is a fragmentary enlarged vertical sec tional view taken on the line 8-8 of Fig. 3. desired?. toA conveniently reach tlli'eI outer faces of the panes: included in the Window sash it is merely-f necessary to= openV the? inner -sa‘shy frame f4?. In Fig. 1 the upper'sash- is' shownin its-"closed position, while the-lower'one is shown its inneriiirame part‘iaH-y swung open. lin Figs. 31-_8 inclus-ive a modi-"iisd form of' the inventionL has been ‘disclosed which basi'calláifl is simiiar toY they first form off' the invention, but differs in several respects. Inthe ñrst place each inner sash frame I4 is hingedly connected with the outer sash frame I2’ by hinges l5 positioned along the bottom edge portions of these frames. In the second place, each outer sash frame l2 has its side arms formed of two separate sec tions 20 and 2| in end alignment with each 2,406,513 A Y - „ 11j-Tf ï ' 3 frames |4a close the openings of the outer sash »_ other. Side plates 22 are attached to the section 20 by fastening elements 23. .These side plates frame. In other respects thisvform of the invention isr engage within recesses 24 formed along the faces of the section 2|. A rod 25 is turnably mounted similar to that previously shown and like refer ence numerals identify like parts in each of the several views. In Fig. 12 a, reinforcing bolt 40 is shown in the bottom portion of the outer sash frame |2". `A through' each section 2| and is provi-ded with a pair of cams 2B engaging complementary cutouts 21 formed in the side plates 22. The inner end of the rod 25 is provided with a knob 28 »by slot 4| Yis formed to be extending inwardly from which itm'ay beturned. A spring 29 Vis housedV Within alcavityß-D in oneïof the sections, namely, 10 the edge 42` of 'the outer sash frame I2". This slot is adapted to receive a nut'43 which engages the -section 2|, and engages against'the section 20 for resiliently urging the sections apart. _ overV the threaded end of the bolt 40. v When this ` The top edgevof the inner sash frame |4fis7‘ nut is secured on thebolt, it reinforces the win formed with a groove 3| extending its full length. ¿ Theouter sash frame I2’ is provided with a tongue 32 engageable into the groove 3|.? 'I’he operation of this form of the invention is >dowusash and prevents the windows from sagging, warping _or loosening on their joints. While I have Yillustrated and described the pre lferred.embodiments of my invention, it is to be similar to the prior form. When the inner sash' ` ‘ understood that I do not limit myself to the precise constructions herein disclosed and the frame is closed in relation to the outer sash frame Ythe windows may be moved in a conventional 20 right is reserved to all changes and modifications coming within the -scope of the invention manner. If itis desired to open the innersash fined in theappended claims., , ' I ‘ frame I4 it is> first necessary that the knobs 128 be turned, to turn the cams 26 from their locking Having thusv described my invention, what IKV positions, illustrated `by Fig. 4, »to their openl po 'claim as new and desire to secure by United States sitions, illustrated by Fig. 5. kIn the latter po 25 Letters Patent is: ' l , v V 1. In a window, a window sash, ycomprising an sition, the sections 2li and 2| of thev side armsof Y the outer frame I2' are slightly separated. _This outer sashframe for «sliding in a ¿window‘frama' an inner sash frame for closingtheopening of separation will move the tongue 32 out .ofthe said outer sash frame, and'meansïfor'hingedly groove 3|. Now the inner sash frame isfreeto ; In: Fig. 3 the lowerfwindow _sash is illustrated with> its'inner sash .frame partially swung open; The upper window' sash is illustrated with its sash frames closed> in relation to each other. Whenv the tongue 32 and groove 3| ofthe sash connecting said inner sash frame with said outer sash vrframe,- said outer sash frame having-its side arms formed of separate sections in endalign-x ment with each other,- and means for. selectivelydrawing said sections together orîslightlysep-i arating the sections for clamping the’inner sash frames engage each other the sash frameswill frame within the outer sash framex" " I be hinged open._ . ‘ ` i ' . ` ' be4 securely held'against rattling. 1 . Y ` . ‘ j 30 , - In Fig. 9 still another modified form of the invention is disclosed, whichis very similar `to the -form shown in Fig. 3, distinguishing however, in the fact that-the outer sash frame |2"~ has its side arms 20" and -2|" `of separate sections separated above its horizontal center..1 VThe'inner sash` frame | 4 >is hingedly or pivotallyv mounted within the outer sash-frame I2” by pivots 35 at 45 the sides. _ ~ ` . . „ . In other respects this form of the invention is identical tothe previous form and like partsare ' i ‘ > 2. In a window, a window sash,- comprising’an' outer sash frame for sliding in a window'framé, van .inner sash frame for closing 'the openingY of said louter sash frame, and=means `for hingedly connecting said inner 'sash frame with said outer Y 'sash frame, `said'outer sash frame having Vits s'ide arms formed of- separate vsections in" 'end align-f'l ment with each other, and means for selectivelyA drawing said 'sectionsïtogether or‘slightl'y sep arating .the sections for clamping the ’inner sashframe within the‘outer 'sash frame; one of said' sash frames being provided with a‘t'ongue' along indicated by like reference numerals. `its top side engageable with a complementary In Fig. 10 still another form of the invention is- 50 groove inthe other frame.Y disclosedwhich isvery similar to the form shown 3. `In a window, a window sash, comprising anin Fig. 3, distinguishing in the Vfact that the inner outer sash frame vfor sliding ina window frame;v sash frames I4 >are hingedly or pivotally» con an inner sash frame for closing the’opening?of'., nected with the outer sash frames |2’ by pivots said outer sash frame, and means for hingedlyfA 36 at-the centers of the horizontal arms thereof. connecting said inner sash' frame with said`outer In other respects this form of the invention is sash frame, said outer sash frame having its 'Aside _similar to that previously shown and like refer arms formed of separate sections in end align ence numerals identifylike parts in each of the ment with .each other, and means'for selectively'drawing said sections together or slightly’ïsepf ' In Fig. 11 another form of the invention has 60 arating -the‘sections` for clamping the inner sash been disclosed which is verysimilar to the one frame _withinthe outer sash`frame, said latter' shownvin Fig. 1, distinguishing merely in the‘factv meansincluding rods -turnably mounted ònîo'ne that the outer sash frames |2agare formedwith'V` . of the sections, side plates mounted on the other'> central vertical arms 38 dividing them into two of the seotions§`and cams on's'aid'turn‘able rods> panels each. The inner sash frame'is in lthe» 65. cooperative.`A with openingsin said side platesiför nature of vseparate inner sash frames I4a hingedly moving the side arms as specified. ` connected at their outer sides bythe hinges I5` with the inner sash frame. These inner sash several views». ~ ' '