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Патент USA US2406518

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Aug. 27, 1946.
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, ' JQ C. URBANK ,
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Filed Julyy
TAPER
26, 1943>r
'9655 �5 13635 3605;?5
�406,518
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Patented Aug'. 27,`> 1946
2,406,518
OFFICE y'
UNITED STATES PATEN
2,406,518
TAPER
John C. Urbank, St. Paul, Minn.
Application July 26, 1943, Serial No. 496,148
6 claims. (ci. 674-22)
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My invention relates to' an improvement in
tapers, and more particularly in that type of
taper used in the lighting of candle Iwicks and
the like.
Tapers are often used in church services for
lighting candle wicks. A holder is usually pro
vided comprising two tubular elements projecting .
from? a handle and arranged in side by side re
lation. The ends of these tubular elements op
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rather than at the mouth of the tube. This fea
ture is of importance, as heating of th-e tube will
result when the taper is bent at a point adja
cent the mouth of the tube.
A further feature of the present invention lies'
in the formation of points of bend in spaced in
tervals along the taper. In preferred formJ cir
cumferential grooves are provided in the taper
at equal intervals. With such a construction the
posite the handle are usually bent in oppositeV di 10 taper may be bent with equal ease in any de
rections, one to support a candle snuifer, and the
sired direction. If desired, however, the fold lines
other to contain the taper for lighting the candle.
may be arranged along a transverse line of fold,
One end of this taper is preferably supported in
in which case the bending of the taper yin but
a slidable clamp in the tube accessible through
one directionis facilitated. In such an instance
a slot in the side of the tube. The other end of 15 the taper should be mounted in a predetermined
the taper projects from the end of the tube and
relationship to the tube. Points of bend could
is lighted for the purpose of lighting one, or a
likewise be formed by transverse or circumfer
series of candle wicks.
ential grooves formed in the >taper and later 駆led
The candle carrying the wick is often support
with softer wax. Similarlyshort links of soft `
ed in a cup arranged to catch candle drippings. 20 wax could be provided in the taper at intervals so
Accordingly to bring the lighted taper into con
as to simplify bending at these points.
tact with the wick, it is sometimes essential that
A feature of the present invention lies in the
the projecting end- of the taper be bent down
fact that'the heat created by the lighted end of
wardly from the position in which it Would nor
the taper melts the wax of the?taper adjacent
mally leave the end of the tube. It has been at 25 the flame and causes this> wax to fill in the trans'
tempted to bend the wick downwardly yby grasp
verse or circumferential grooves about the taper
ing the projecting end of the wick and bending
before the flame reaches these grooves. As a re
it in the desired direction. When this is done,
sult the taper burns as well at one point as at
however, the point of bend is directly adjacent
another and there is no danger of the taper going
the end'oi` the tube. Accordingly, when the bent 30 out when the flame reaches one of the bending
end-of the taper is ignited and burns toward the
points` previously described.
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tube end the end of the tube itself is heated so
These and other objects and novel features of
that the Wax of the taper adheres thereto. As
my invention will be more clearly and. fully set
a result the taper freezes in the >tube and can
forth in the following 'specification and claims.,
not -be ejected by subsequent operation of the 35 In the drawing forming a part of my specifi
supporting clamp or slide.
cation:
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It is an object of the present invention to pro
Figure 1 is an elevational view of a candle snuf
vide a taper with a 'series of longitudinally spaced
fer and candle lighter, showing the taper project
bending points therein located a predetermined
ing therefrom.
`
distance apart. As a result the taper may be 40
Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional view through
ejected from the tube end until one of the bend
a portion of the candle snuffer and lighter.
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ing points of the taper is spaced outwardly from
. Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure V2 showing _
the end of the tube. Accordingly the free end
the taper supporting device in Ltaper receiving
of the taper may be bent at the bending point
position.
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in any desired direction without affecting the
Figure ?lis a plan view of a taper embodying the
portion of the taper close to the tube.y AS a re
features of my invention. ` ~
sult the burning portion of the taper is spaced
Figure 5 is a modified form of taper, from that
somewhat above the end of the tube and the
illustrated in Figure 4.
material forming the tube is not heated by the
Figure 6 is a modified form of taper construc
flame. As a result the tendency is not created 50 tion, differing from the forms illustrated in Fig
for the taper to stick to the tube, and continued
ures 4 and 5.
operation of the taper is simplified.
The candle igniting and snu耦ng instrument is
A feature of the present invention lies in the
indicated in general by the numeral A, and is
fact that the taper may be readily bent at a
commonly used in church services. The instru
point spaced outwardly from the end of the tube, 55 ment A embodies a handle l0 supporting a pair
2,406,518
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bend readily atvthe sections 29, but will not bend
0f tubular elements II and I2, which are held in ' - ,` readily
through the length of the sections 2'I. '
substantially parallelk relationship by any suit
In using the tapers they are 駌st attached to
able means, such as by the bands I3. The tubular
the adjusting mechanism for movement longi
member II is provided With a curved upper end
tudinally of the supporting tube. The taper isv
I4 to which is connected a candle snuf鹡g ele
then drawn into the tube until the necessary
ment I5 of any suitable design. This >snui祛ng
amount projects from the tube. It is preferable
element I5 preferably extends over the llame in
a manner to extinguish the same.
The tube I2 is?also provided with a curved upf
per end t6' and Ai?s designed tob slid?ably support:
the taper illustrated? in general? by the letter Bi
The taper B projects beyond the end of the tube.
I2, as best illustrated in Figures 1 and 2.
In order to slidably support the taper B, vari-籪
ous means have been provided for anchoring one
end of the taper.
In the form of construction?
illustrated the slidable plug If'IfisrprovidedLwith?f.
that the end of the tube I2 'extend tol a mid
point between the points of bend of the taper. '
As att-result?> the taper may..� be ibentt along a line
spaced fromthe end of tl?i?e?t?ube so that?the 馻me
has little tendency to heat the end of the tube.
By maintaining the flame at a reasonable inter
f >va1 from the end of the tube, the tube will not
heat and the flame will normally be above the
:'end飋fthetube. When the flame reaches one of
thepointsoibend th'e wax forming the taper has
a tendency to fill any groove formed in the taper
a projecting lug I9 which extends through aV
previously to the time the flame actually reaches
longitudinal slot 2i) in the tube I2. By meansfef'
the groove. Thus the burning of the taper is in
the lug I9 the plug I1 may be vertically moved 20 no
Way affected by. providingV spacedfiold lines
longitudinallyl 0f they tubef鏻?2f. A flexible 籸esilw
i'ent strip
plug;4
I'I .and
2li isxsecureditu?thefupper-endf/o?
is; provided with` an. aperture 22'
In accordance. with the patent statutes頻 have;
described
the principles of construction androp�
through which the enck I8. of.' the tapenBrrnay;
eration. of1 my. taper, and while. IY have endeavored
therein.
be 縯hreaded as . best. illustrated, inFigurer'Z or the
drawing... Various: other?, means; may beprovided.
for-supporting: the lower end-` of the taper Biene;
of. these; means. comprising a� resilient, clamp韓g�
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籺o sett forth the best embodiments. thereof.,z
desiretovhaveit?understood that obvious changes.r
may be madev Within the4 scope;A of the following?
claims without departing. from the; spirit oftmye
invention-_
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end I8;
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'IEliey taper; B'is.preferablyfformechasbest illus?.`
1.> Ataper- of lthefclass.f describedhavinga wick.
trated; in: Figure of the dreaming,z and'sincludes:
comprising a5 series . of. strands! and.. aywax coating?,
sncket� which- clamps; opposite sides: 01?'. thl飔apei:
shortf lengths 2%rof: taper顂eparatedzby .cirmim-� '
the coating1 being; formeda withv afpluralityg o�
ferential grooves 24.
taper; is.. ordinarily:
spaced
apartcircumferential grooves ter talle-uur-n
35
formed: .of Wax emborliedrinzl aswicking material;
pose set fort-h.
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andr. .obviously the> Wicle acts; to: cannect the:
� 2�. .AJ Waxeditaperpf the籵lassdescribedhaving;
lengths123fot-tapen Because otthe遰echidtionsin.
a Wick and a 馿Xible coatinggoficombustiblezrmaf
t?hiclinesszof. the' taper?at飔he grnnvlesz24?,?.the. tapan
terial; encircling; theiwick', ygroei/.eel cutl partially
Willzbendlreadily ?at鑤hesea points.
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throughv the w-a-x coa-ting, .said-`v grooves. being:
C formed in any usuaL or desiredi mannenusuchr
a's; by" impregnatingf strands; of ' wicking W韙hzwax
spaced�
poser
set韋ort'h;
substantially; an intchi apart
- for."^ the:
f
3'. A~. taper compris-ingfsa wick: h'avi鈔gs頰 rela-1
or other" suitable. materiali. The'taper.? C;;difl頴rsi
rigid; body` of. combustible material encina
from the taper B in-.thatz-,thez shorulerrgths :ori '. tively
cling� the; same, .sardi bodyy hav-ing; a; serieel of
sections.l 25 of taper are :separatedlby? transverse�
spaced lines. of: fold; therein: at which;
jree-f
foldtlines 26. Asia' resultztheltapezf韑lustratedlim
Figure�- 5 Willi- readily: foldf alongV a� plane'.y inter*
secting: the? drawing. and: arranged-f' altsu'bstain�-r
tially right: angles thereto,v but; willi not readily;
curve. in the' directionoi靦he plane ofL th'erdI-raw銵
ing sheet. Accordingly', Wh韑ethefta遬er' malyibe:
b'entupfor. down, theisanremustlbehheld� improper
relation, to�the: tube� I2? to*V Idozsoa ' Therefore fthe:
taper." C. differs. from: the@A taper1Bf~ inz'the 籪act that:
WhileY the'. taperV BE may- bend; universallyv in any
direction the taper C may bend only in a, Ising-le�
sistance: to-~ bending of' the� tapeneistmaterially'
reduced.'
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lin-?Figure 6j ofi the 1 d'ravving遧?r disclose ~ av韙aper ?D1
which may also be constructed in- accordance�
with` the teachings Jo� the: present:� invention.
The taperiD-'Iis formedS of *wicking-v material' im-Y
pregnated� in: Waxf. The� taper is constructed,
however, of.' lengths 21TH formed.- oft relatively"=stiff?V
or rigid Wax and separated by shorter section's?l鋊
of a. softer Wax. . As` al resull',.t頷eiv taper-D may
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cling; the' . sarna. said; >body including.? .at series .lofi
spaced. circunrl頴renti_all rgrenves extendingzthereE-s
about.'1
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5:.. Ai. taper.' compris'in-g:y a. trialsy having airbodyr
? or combustiblefmaterialienr鋓rclmg thersame;.iaird�
a series of transverse fold眍li飅es'; at飐paeedninten-x
valszirrsaidbodyn.
plane'.
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41.. :taperr comprising: ra Wick�. vhaving .aafrelm
tively rigidgbudyv ofr cmnbustible� mad韊rial
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6;. A, selffsustainingr Waal taper: vinclutlirrgs :at
Wick ^ and.> a�. flexilol'ef coating' or combustibles m'a榛
terialA encircling?Y saldi .Wick,. Vgrooves 4misa-idx'
body: von apposite sides oi?fisaidi wickstotpronizlera'.
relatively'fnigid'rbodyf having somewhat l'essrrig頳�
weakened pointstorlbend at intervals-througl飅the'. '
V.ternir C; URBANE.
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