Патент USA US2406518код для вставки
Aug. 27, 1946. - ' , ' JQ C. URBANK , - Filed Julyy TAPER 26, 1943>r '9655 �5 13635 3605;?5 �406,518 . v Patented Aug'. 27,`> 1946 2,406,518 OFFICE y' UNITED STATES PATEN 2,406,518 TAPER John C. Urbank, St. Paul, Minn. Application July 26, 1943, Serial No. 496,148 6 claims. (ci. 674-22) l ' i My invention relates to' an improvement in tapers, and more particularly in that type of taper used in the lighting of candle Iwicks and the like. Tapers are often used in church services for lighting candle wicks. A holder is usually pro vided comprising two tubular elements projecting . from? a handle and arranged in side by side re lation. The ends of these tubular elements op , 2 y rather than at the mouth of the tube. This fea ture is of importance, as heating of th-e tube will result when the taper is bent at a point adja cent the mouth of the tube. A further feature of the present invention lies' in the formation of points of bend in spaced in tervals along the taper. In preferred formJ cir cumferential grooves are provided in the taper at equal intervals. With such a construction the posite the handle are usually bent in oppositeV di 10 taper may be bent with equal ease in any de rections, one to support a candle snuifer, and the sired direction. If desired, however, the fold lines other to contain the taper for lighting the candle. may be arranged along a transverse line of fold, One end of this taper is preferably supported in in which case the bending of the taper yin but a slidable clamp in the tube accessible through one directionis facilitated. In such an instance a slot in the side of the tube. The other end of 15 the taper should be mounted in a predetermined the taper projects from the end of the tube and relationship to the tube. Points of bend could is lighted for the purpose of lighting one, or a likewise be formed by transverse or circumfer series of candle wicks. ential grooves formed in the >taper and later 駆led The candle carrying the wick is often support with softer wax. Similarlyshort links of soft ` ed in a cup arranged to catch candle drippings. 20 wax could be provided in the taper at intervals so Accordingly to bring the lighted taper into con as to simplify bending at these points. tact with the wick, it is sometimes essential that A feature of the present invention lies in the the projecting end- of the taper be bent down fact that'the heat created by the lighted end of wardly from the position in which it Would nor the taper melts the wax of the?taper adjacent mally leave the end of the tube. It has been at 25 the flame and causes this> wax to fill in the trans' tempted to bend the wick downwardly yby grasp verse or circumferential grooves about the taper ing the projecting end of the wick and bending before the flame reaches these grooves. As a re it in the desired direction. When this is done, sult the taper burns as well at one point as at however, the point of bend is directly adjacent another and there is no danger of the taper going the end'oi` the tube. Accordingly, when the bent 30 out when the flame reaches one of the bending end-of the taper is ignited and burns toward the points` previously described. _ tube end the end of the tube itself is heated so These and other objects and novel features of that the Wax of the taper adheres thereto. As my invention will be more clearly and. fully set a result the taper freezes in the >tube and can forth in the following 'specification and claims., not -be ejected by subsequent operation of the 35 In the drawing forming a part of my specifi supporting clamp or slide. cation: \ ` ` It is an object of the present invention to pro Figure 1 is an elevational view of a candle snuf vide a taper with a 'series of longitudinally spaced fer and candle lighter, showing the taper project bending points therein located a predetermined ing therefrom. ` distance apart. As a result the taper may be 40 Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional view through ejected from the tube end until one of the bend a portion of the candle snuffer and lighter. ' ing points of the taper is spaced outwardly from . Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure V2 showing _ the end of the tube. Accordingly the free end the taper supporting device in Ltaper receiving of the taper may be bent at the bending point position. i y in any desired direction without affecting the Figure ?lis a plan view of a taper embodying the portion of the taper close to the tube.y AS a re features of my invention. ` ~ sult the burning portion of the taper is spaced Figure 5 is a modified form of taper, from that somewhat above the end of the tube and the illustrated in Figure 4. material forming the tube is not heated by the Figure 6 is a modified form of taper construc flame. As a result the tendency is not created 50 tion, differing from the forms illustrated in Fig for the taper to stick to the tube, and continued ures 4 and 5. operation of the taper is simplified. The candle igniting and snu耦ng instrument is A feature of the present invention lies in the indicated in general by the numeral A, and is fact that the taper may be readily bent at a commonly used in church services. The instru point spaced outwardly from the end of the tube, 55 ment A embodies a handle l0 supporting a pair 2,406,518 Y y " ' 3 bend readily atvthe sections 29, but will not bend 0f tubular elements II and I2, which are held in ' - ,` readily through the length of the sections 2'I. ' substantially parallelk relationship by any suit In using the tapers they are 駌st attached to able means, such as by the bands I3. The tubular the adjusting mechanism for movement longi member II is provided With a curved upper end tudinally of the supporting tube. The taper isv I4 to which is connected a candle snuf鹡g ele then drawn into the tube until the necessary ment I5 of any suitable design. This >snui祛ng amount projects from the tube. It is preferable element I5 preferably extends over the llame in a manner to extinguish the same. The tube I2 is?also provided with a curved upf per end t6' and Ai?s designed tob slid?ably support: the taper illustrated? in general? by the letter Bi The taper B projects beyond the end of the tube. I2, as best illustrated in Figures 1 and 2. In order to slidably support the taper B, vari-籪 ous means have been provided for anchoring one end of the taper. In the form of construction? illustrated the slidable plug If'IfisrprovidedLwith?f. that the end of the tube I2 'extend tol a mid point between the points of bend of the taper. ' As att-result?> the taper may..� be ibentt along a line spaced fromthe end of tl?i?e?t?ube so that?the 馻me has little tendency to heat the end of the tube. By maintaining the flame at a reasonable inter f >va1 from the end of the tube, the tube will not heat and the flame will normally be above the :'end飋fthetube. When the flame reaches one of thepointsoibend th'e wax forming the taper has a tendency to fill any groove formed in the taper a projecting lug I9 which extends through aV previously to the time the flame actually reaches longitudinal slot 2i) in the tube I2. By meansfef' the groove. Thus the burning of the taper is in the lug I9 the plug I1 may be vertically moved 20 no Way affected by. providingV spacedfiold lines longitudinallyl 0f they tubef鏻?2f. A flexible 籸esilw i'ent strip plug;4 I'I .and 2li isxsecureditu?thefupper-endf/o? is; provided with` an. aperture 22' In accordance. with the patent statutes頻 have; described the principles of construction androp� through which the enck I8. of.' the tapenBrrnay; eration. of1 my. taper, and while. IY have endeavored therein. be 縯hreaded as . best. illustrated, inFigurer'Z or the drawing... Various: other?, means; may beprovided. for-supporting: the lower end-` of the taper Biene; of. these; means. comprising a� resilient, clamp韓g� ? f . ? 籺o sett forth the best embodiments. thereof.,z desiretovhaveit?understood that obvious changes.r may be madev Within the4 scope;A of the following? claims without departing. from the; spirit oftmye invention-_ 3(11 end I8; ~ 'IEliey taper; B'is.preferablyfformechasbest illus?.` 1.> Ataper- of lthefclass.f describedhavinga wick. trated; in: Figure of the dreaming,z and'sincludes: comprising a5 series . of. strands! and.. aywax coating?, sncket� which- clamps; opposite sides: 01?'. thl飔apei: shortf lengths 2%rof: taper顂eparatedzby .cirmim-� ' the coating1 being; formeda withv afpluralityg o� ferential grooves 24. taper; is.. ordinarily: spaced apartcircumferential grooves ter talle-uur-n 35 formed: .of Wax emborliedrinzl aswicking material; pose set fort-h. ' andr. .obviously the> Wicle acts; to: cannect the: � 2�. .AJ Waxeditaperpf the籵lassdescribedhaving; lengths123fot-tapen Because otthe遰echidtionsin. a Wick and a 馿Xible coatinggoficombustiblezrmaf t?hiclinesszof. the' taper?at飔he grnnvlesz24?,?.the. tapan terial; encircling; theiwick', ygroei/.eel cutl partially Willzbendlreadily ?at鑤hesea points. . ' ` throughv the w-a-x coa-ting, .said-`v grooves. being: C formed in any usuaL or desiredi mannenusuchr a's; by" impregnatingf strands; of ' wicking W韙hzwax spaced� poser set韋ort'h; substantially; an intchi apart - for."^ the: f 3'. A~. taper compris-ingfsa wick: h'avi鈔gs頰 rela-1 or other" suitable. materiali. The'taper.? C;;difl頴rsi rigid; body` of. combustible material encina from the taper B in-.thatz-,thez shorulerrgths :ori '. tively cling� the; same, .sardi bodyy hav-ing; a; serieel of sections.l 25 of taper are :separatedlby? transverse� spaced lines. of: fold; therein: at which; jree-f foldtlines 26. Asia' resultztheltapezf韑lustratedlim Figure�- 5 Willi- readily: foldf alongV a� plane'.y inter* secting: the? drawing. and: arranged-f' altsu'bstain�-r tially right: angles thereto,v but; willi not readily; curve. in the' directionoi靦he plane ofL th'erdI-raw銵 ing sheet. Accordingly', Wh韑ethefta遬er' malyibe: b'entupfor. down, theisanremustlbehheld� improper relation, to�the: tube� I2? to*V Idozsoa ' Therefore fthe: taper." C. differs. from: the@A taper1Bf~ inz'the 籪act that: WhileY the'. taperV BE may- bend; universallyv in any direction the taper C may bend only in a, Ising-le� sistance: to-~ bending of' the� tapeneistmaterially' reduced.' Y ' ? lin-?Figure 6j ofi the 1 d'ravving遧?r disclose ~ av韙aper ?D1 which may also be constructed in- accordance� with` the teachings Jo� the: present:� invention. The taperiD-'Iis formedS of *wicking-v material' im-Y pregnated� in: Waxf. The� taper is constructed, however, of.' lengths 21TH formed.- oft relatively"=stiff?V or rigid Wax and separated by shorter section's?l鋊 of a. softer Wax. . As` al resull',.t頷eiv taper-D may , . . ' f . cling; the' . sarna. said; >body including.? .at series .lofi spaced. circunrl頴renti_all rgrenves extendingzthereE-s about.'1 ' ' 5:.. Ai. taper.' compris'in-g:y a. trialsy having airbodyr ? or combustiblefmaterialienr鋓rclmg thersame;.iaird� a series of transverse fold眍li飅es'; at飐paeedninten-x valszirrsaidbodyn. plane'. .~ 41.. :taperr comprising: ra Wick�. vhaving .aafrelm tively rigidgbudyv ofr cmnbustible� mad韊rial ' ? ` � ' - 6;. A, selffsustainingr Waal taper: vinclutlirrgs :at Wick ^ and.> a�. flexilol'ef coating' or combustibles m'a榛 terialA encircling?Y saldi .Wick,. Vgrooves 4misa-idx' body: von apposite sides oi?fisaidi wickstotpronizlera'. relatively'fnigid'rbodyf having somewhat l'essrrig頳� weakened pointstorlbend at intervals-througl飅the'. ' V.ternir C; URBANE. "