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Патент USA US2406559

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1111152119411.l
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Filed Aug. 17, 1945
2,406,559
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5 sheets-shed 1 `
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FABRIC lFOR CONCRETE CONSTRUCTIONS
Filed Aug.`1"7, 1945- \
s sheets-_sheet 2
0
Aug. 27, 1946.
W. OAKES
2,406,559
FABRIC FOR CONCRETE CoNsTRUCTïoNs
Filed Aug. 17,-1945
5- Sheets-Sheet 3
Aug. 27, 19,46. ì
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w, QAKEYS C
n _2,406,559
FABRIC FOR CONCRETE COÑSTRUCTIONS
>Filed. Aug. 17, 1945
5 sheets-sheet 4
.
Aug. 27, 1946.
'
w. QAKES _
2,406,559 '
FABRIC Fon .CONCRETE CoNsTRUCTICNs
Filed Aug. 17:, 1945
s) .0.
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` 5 Sheets-Sheet 5,-
Patented Aug. 27, 1946
y 2,406,559
FABRIC-Fon CONCRETE coNsrRUcTloNs.
` Winíam'oakes, Hale, England
‘
I Application August 17
, 1945, 'sefia1No.61'1,o16
In Great Britain June V14, 1944v f '
, 11 claims.
j
Y
(Cl. 'Y2-109) .
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2
‘ This invention relates to the manufacture and
ness and easy manipulation of the weakened
-useof a metal pre-form fabric or foundation
fabricfor buildings, which mayV also serve as a
areas. , The through holes along the panelallow
of theendwise insertion of rods or studs or the
reinforcement, and the invention provides a
_fabric which is self-supporting, which can be
like for the connection vof overlapping areas
bent to -any desired-»shape without difficulty,
which. is easily connected together in sections,
and which forms a permanent `shuttering fora
,One practical embodiment of the invention
comprises a sheet metal reinforcement member
together.
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and' foundation ' fabric having rows of close
perforations at spaced points to allow of easy
poured or sprayed -concrete, cement or like ma
terial...> The principalaimof the invention is to 10 bending and breaking at such rows, andhaving
parallelcorrugations or flutes at spaced p‘oints,
provide an alternative 'to the prefabricated
each- corrugation orl ñute being intermittent,
block type of house, or other buildings, which
type requires the securing together of a- number
first to one` side of the sheet` and then to the
of preformed units, and results- in a structure l' other, so as to form a through passagev or tunnel
which is composite, and thereby lacking the 15 along the sheet. Preferably the to-and-fro
rigidity of a unitary structure. The present in
vention allows of the erection of buildings in a
parts of one corrugation are staggered, with re
spect to those of the adjacent corrugation at
each side. Also, the sheet is perforated at each
similarly-convenient or more convenient manner,
point where to-and-fro parts of a corrugation
but results in a unitary in-situ-cast building.
, -Foundation or from -fabrics for buildings are 20 or flute adjoin, and the ends of the ñute vparts
are ,cut at an angle such as to leave a transverse
known, of’which the most common examples are
opening if» and when the sheet is bent across
expanded metal and Wire mesh.v These, how
the line of the corrugation at such point.
ever, have the great drawback that, unless of a
In the preferred forms of the invention,- the
thickness and weight which> would put them far
outside the range of economic use, they are not 25 perforations and corrugations are in alternate
parallel rows, each rowV 0f perforations „ lying
rigid and therefore cannot support themselves.
between and parallel with two corrugations. In
For example, if stood in a vertical plane, they
stead of there beingfonly one row of perforations
would bow and sag and even distort themselves,
ateach fold-and-break line, there may be` two
if >they did not fall down altogether. Also the
sheets of material, being flexible are often diffi 30 or more rows. One convenient arrangement has
cult to manage, and the connecting together of ‘ a central row of Vdiamond-shaped openings and
-two .or more sections of such material, e. g. at
the corner of a building, is an unscientiñc task,
on each side cf it a row of triangularop'enings
with their apices inwards.
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According to another feature of the invention,
.usuallyl'finickin'g to perform, and even at the
in panels having side-by-side parallel‘rowsof`
bestv a "mere»“hit and miss” attempt at finding 35 perforations
and corrugations, the perforations
suitable adjacent areas for connection together.
are arranged so that, in each row, some of them
l The fabrics of the present invention eliminate
lie in line with the perforations between the to
all these disadvantages.v They are of light
and-fro parts of the adjacent corrugations, so
weight, Well within the range of economic use,
as, in effect, to provide breaking or bending
they are rigid, and are able to support them 40 lines at right angles to those rows. Also, when
selves» in any position for use, as well as being
desired,.`the perforations in the fold-and-break
adapted for the additional uses (e. g. as shutter
lines and in the corrugations may be so spaced
ing) above mentioned.
as to leave breaking or .bending lines diagonally
A form fabric according to this invention
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45 acrossv thepanel.
comprises a panel (usually of metal) having
The invention will be more particularly de
weakened areas to form fold-and-break lines at
scribed with reference to the illustrations in the
spaced intervals across i-t, and having parts
accompanying drawings, wherein:
pushed out in opposite directions to form through
"Figa 1 is a perspective view of a portion of a l
openings along it, the pushed-out parts being 50 panel according to ons of many possible examples
such that two overlapping panels may mate to
vof the invention;
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_
gether with the corresponding parts nesting one
. Fig. 2 is a side edge view of the same; and
in another Whilst vmaintaining a, through open
Fig. 3 is an end View of the same;
ing along them. By reason of the weakened
Y Fig. 4 is a perspective View showing two over
areas, the fabric may be folded to form corners, 55 lapping panels connected together;
may also be bent to curved forms, without difli
Fig. 5 is an end view of thev joint;
cu1ty,-and may easily be severed by bending to
Fig. 6 is a, perspective view of a panel folded
and fro at those areas. The pushed-out parts,
into zig-zag form for use as a wall reinforcement;
in addition to providing the inter-engaging nest
» 1 Fig '7 is a -perspective View showing afurther
ing vlareas, give rigidity to the panel, to -resist 60 use of the panels as areinforcement> and as a.
Ícrushing,¿and also to increase the relativeweak
permanent shuttering for a wall; '~ >` j
2,406,559
to allow of easy bending and breaking at such
rows, and having an'imperforate `portion con
taining parallel corrugations or flutes at longi
tudinally spaced points, each corrugation or flute
being intermittent, ñrst to one side of the sheet
to form the outline indicated by the broken lines,
whereafter the concrete filling may be applied.
The fabric remains as a permanent covering.
Angle pieces may be used in corners to connect
parts at right angles to each other.
The invention is also useful for the construc
and then to the other, so as to form a through
tion of hollow floors and walls. In Fig. 14 a flat
sheet of the fabric I4 co-operates with a folded
passage or tunnel along the sheet.
'
two rows of perforations, leaving an intermediate
row between them; then bending at such inter
mediate row to obtain a right-angled channel
the corrugations so as to provide transverse bend
2. A form fabric according to claim 1, where
in the to-and-fro parts in one corrugation or flutel
sheet I5 indicated by broken lines, these being
connected together where they nest at the parts 10 are staggered with respect to those in the next
corrugation or flute.
I6, after which the in-situ material is applied
3. A form fabric according to claim 1, wherein
to form the joists and licor.
there is a perforation at each point where to-and
In Fig. 15 there is the single sheet of material
fro parts of a corrugation adjoin, said latter per
I'I to which are connected the- channel-shaped
members I8, the upper ends of which are again 15 foration being at an angle to the plane of said
panel.`
connected to the smaller sheets I9 whereafter
4. A form fabric according to claim 1, where
the concrete or the like may be applied for mould
in the weakened areas and pushed-out parts are
ing.
in alternate parallel rows, each row of perfora
The improved fabric can be used for light
studded walling bent at any given angle to form 20 tions lying between and parallel with two corru
gations.
framing to support sheets of the same material
5. A form fabric according to claim 1, where
which interlock as described, the piercings or per
in the perforations and corrugations are in alter
forations acting as “key” for outside rendering
nate parallel rows, each row of perforations lying
or inside plastering, together with screeds.
between and parallel with two corrugations.
'I'he fabric may be sold in flat sheets or in
6. A form fabric according to claim 1, where
rolls, and in any case can easily be broken up
in there is a perforation at each point where to
into small pieces by being bent to and fro along
and-fro parts of a corrugation adjoin, wherein
one of the bend-and-break lines, and may be
there `are rows of perforations side by side with
easily bent to form corners and angles or curves.
Supporting piers 0r columns may be made by . the corrugations, and wherein some perforations
first breaking the sheet metal into strips along
in each row are in line with the perforations in
form; and finally fitting four of such angles back
to back, with intermeshing corrugations, short
studs or longer rods being passed through the cor
rugations, to hold the angles together. 'I'hose
and-break lines.
7.
_
A form fabric according to claim 1, where
" in a plurality of said fabrics are in overlapping
studs may have heads or other obstructions to
prevent their falling completely through the cor- ._
rugations, and to facilitate their withdrawal, or
they may be plain, and may be parallel-sided, or
tapered.
relation with the corresponding weakened and
eiongated areas in contact and rods for locking
the same together through said pressed-out sec
tions.
8. A form fabric according to claim 1, where
in a plurality of said fabrics are in overlapping
relation with the corresponding weakened and
elongated areas in contact and rods for locking
In addition to its use as a form fabric to be
the same together through said pressed-out sec
encased in the applied concrete or the like, or as 45 tions, said overlapping fabrics> being bent into
a permanent shuttering, it may be employed as
a shape which is of the general outline of the
a removable shuttering, in which case the rods
desired structure.
or studs connecting the parts together will be
9. A form fabric according to claim 1, where
arranged exteriorly 0f the assembly so as to be
in a plurality of said fabrics are in overlapping
easily removed when shuttering is to be disman 50 relation with the corresponding weakend and
tled, and building paper or the like will be used
elongated areas in contact and rods for locking
to cover the inner face of the fabric to prevent
the same together through said pressed-out sec
the concrete keying into the openings I.
tions, said overlapping fabrics being bent into
In an example of the invention, the corruga
a shape which is of the general outline of the de
tions arel spaced with their centres 1%” apart, 55 sired structure, said shape being filled with con
they are of semi-circular section %" wide, and
crete to form a unitary structure.
the distance between the openings at the junc
10. A form fabric according to claim 1, wherein
ture gf the forward and backward parts is also
a plurality of said fabrics are in overlapping rela
11/2”. 'I‘he metal used is 2B gauge, the perfora
tion with the corresponding weakened and elon
tions are of hexagonal shape, with two sides of 60 gated areas in contact and rods for locking the
each hexagon parallel with the rows.
same together through said pressed-out sections,
It is proposed that the sheet material be bent
said overlapping fabrics being bent into a shape
to shape on the site, as the structure is built
which is of the general outline of the desired
up, and that the concrete, cement or other mate
structure, said shape a beam.
rial be applied by means of a spray gun or the
1l. A form fabric according to claim 1, where
like.
in a plurality of said fabrics are in overlapping
As above stated, curved forms may be made
relation with the corresponding weakened and
with the improved material, eliminating corners,
elongated
areas in contact and rods for locking
say at chimney breasts to prevent abrupt shad
the
same
together
through said pressed-out see
ows. The fabric constitutes a self-measuring 70
tions, said overlapping fabrics being bent into '
form material and can be bent and cut to shape
a shape which is of the general outline of the
on the site with unskilled or semi-skilled labour.
desired structure, said shape a column.
What I claim is:
1. A form fabric ofa single thin sheet of metal,
having rows of close perforations at spaced points 75
WILLIAM OAKES.
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