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Патент USA US2406568

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Patented Aug. 2_7, 1946
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2,406,568
UNITED STATES ‘PATENT . oFFIcE`
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2,406.56@
’ CONTAINER ‘i
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Y n Harry Sebell, Marblehead, Mass.
Application March 5, 19,45,- Serial No. 581,086 '
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. This inventionl relates to containers and par
ticularly to containers of that type having a body ,
of glass or similar vitreous material and ametal
sealing closure by which the container is closed
and sealed,.which closure is so constructed that
when the container is opened, the cover element
will remain hinged to the container so that it
can be repeatedly opened and closed again.
One of the objects of my present invention is
to provide a container of this general type in
which the metal closure member comprises a band
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terial` and which is shown as provided with .the
neck portion 2, and with an exterior downwardly
facing shoulder 3,V The outer surface 4 of the
neck 2 >between the top edge and the shoulder 3
is slightlyr'tapering, said surface being slightly
[smaller at the top edge than at the shoulder., ~
lThe metal ’sealing'closure for the container
f comprises a cap element 6, a band elementi-and
a sealingstrip, shown at 8 in Figs. 1 to'4.
"The band element 1 encircles the portion of
Ythe neck 2 immediately above the shoulder 3, said
, element which encircles the upper end of the con
Aband tightly fitting such exterior surface., The
tainer and is provided at its upper edge with an
lower edge 9 of the band element is bent inwardly
outwardly extending sealin-gñange and also com
under theshoulder `3, and the upper edge `of the
prises a cap element formed with a skirt which l5 ' bandrv element is bent to present an outwardly di
encircles the upper end of the container above
' rected sealing' flange I0, which extends clear
the sealing flange of the. band member and which
around the band. ‘
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is provided at its lower edge with an outwardly
'I'he vertical dimension of theband 1 is such
extending sealing flange which mates that of the
that the sealing flange Il)V isl located below» the
band member, said sealing flange being clamped 20 top edgek of the container. '¿f»» v
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j vThe cap element Iì,¿whichy is made- of lsheet~
which embraces both‘?langes.
metal, is formedat its kperiplnary with a skirt por
A furtherobject of the invention is to provide
tion I I which encircles the exterior surface of the
a sealing closure of _this type which is' so con
neck 2 aboveV the‘sealing flange IIIV of the band
structed thatr when the sealing strip is removed 25 1, the lower edge `ofthe skirtïII being bent out
for opening the container, the cover elementwill
`>wardly'to lform asecond sealing flange I2 which
remain hinged to the container so that it can be
¿mates that ‘of the-band 1. .The cap element 6_ has
repeatedly swung from closed to open position
integral therewith a hinge-forming tab I3Which
together by -means of a U-shaped sealing strip
and Aback again.
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is anchored tothe band- ‘Ln In the construction
Other objects of the invention are to provide an 30 shown this is accomplished by reason of the fact
improved sealing means for glass containers
that the tab is clamped between the band and
which will be more fully hereinafter set forth and
the exterior surface 4 .of the neck Zas best shown
pointed out in the appended claims.
inlï‘igl.`
In the drawings wherein I have illustrated some
Vselected embodiments of my invention,
Fig. 1 is a vertical sectional view through a con
tainer embodying theinvention.
Fig. 2 is a plan view showing the blank from
which the cap element is formed.
Fig. 3 isa perspective view of the cap element
lafter it has ,been formed and is ready for assem
bling With the band element, a part of the cap
being Abroken out to better illustrate «the con
struction.
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The cap element Bis. also preferably formed on
its underside with an annular groove I4 which
registers with-the top edge of the containerandm
is adapted to receive a packing gasket or sealing
compound I5 forthe purpose of making a tight
Y joint.
The U-shaped sealing strip 8 tightly embraces
the two sealing flanges I0 Vand I2 and serves to
hold the cap element tightly sealed.
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>The cap- element 6 may be made from a blank
¿such as shown at> 6' in Fig._.2, this blank compris
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the sealed container. 45 ing a circular piece of sheet> metal having the
Fig. 5 is a sectional view similar to Fig. 1 but
showing a different embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is a top plan view of Fig. 5.
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Fig. '7 is a fragmentary perspective view of «one
tab I3 extending therefrom. ' The blank is formed
with two notches I6ïeither side of the root of the
tab I3. `'This blank' is ¿then deformed to'present
the cap element> G'suchfaslshown in Figs.Y 1 and 3,
end of the U-shaped sealing strip shown in Figs. 50 said cap element having Ythe' annular‘groove >I4
1 to 4.
, Fig. 8 is arfragmentary perspective view of one
end_ofr the sealing strip shown in Figs. 5 and'ö.
In thedrawings I-flndicates a container which
mayjbe made of »glass or someother vitreous ma
on its underside andthefannular-skirt portion
Iland also presenting the outwardlyrdirected
sealing flange I2 at the bottom' of thefskirt.
When the cap member has >been pressedjinto
'55. vshape' the tab I3 will extenddownwardly as _shown
2,406,568V
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in Fig. 3. YThe edge portion |1 of the blank is.v
preferably made of a somewhat larger diameter'>
preferably rolled into a bead I8 at the outer edge
of the sealing flange I2. This bead and the seal
ing flange will extend from one side of the tab I3
around’the cap member` to the other side thereof,
the peripheral edge ofthe sealing ñange I2 pro
jects outwardly beyond the peripheral edge of
the sealing flange Ill. The advantage of this
as best Seen in Fig. 3.
than the sealing flange Ill on the band, so that
construction is that after the sealing strip hasv
been removed the projecting edge of the sealing
flange I2 can be readily grasped to apply the
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Y lIn the operation of sealing a container with a
closure embodying my invention, the cap element
6 and the band element 1 will ñrst be assembled
necessary lifting force on the cap element to
the cap element, the band element and theseal
lies the opposite end of the strip and is soldered
with their sealing flanges in abutting relation'and 10 loosen it from the container and swing it into
its open position.
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then the sealing strip will be applied to the mat
ing flanges and firmly clamped thereon by apply- . Y. . ' In Figs. 5, 6, and 8 there is shownk a *slightlyY
diñerent embodiment of the invention‘in which
ing pressure to the top and bottom sides of saidv
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sealing strip has ar tab at oneend which over-`
strip, thereby forming a closure unit comprising
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ing strip. If desired, the tab _I3 may be spot‘- ' p or welded thereto.
In
this
embodiment,
the
cap
element
6 has the
welded or soldered to the band.> ,Such-closure;
unit will be formed‘completely before it is applied I same construction as that shown in Figs. 1 to.3
but the band element 1’ >is made »with a sealing
assembling the band element and the capele 20 ñange that has a much greater vertical dimen
sion or 'thickness' than the sealing flange Ilì of
ment, the lower edge 9 of the band element will>
Fig; 1. Iii-Fig. 5 for instance the upper end 'of
be in line with the walls thereof.
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the band TI >is bent outwardly and then down
' VThe sealing compound I5> may be deposited in
to thecontainer, and during the operation'of
, wardly to make a sealing rib III’V and the sealing
the groove I4 either before the cap element and
8’.VA is considerably wider than the sealing
the band element are united to form the closure 25 strip
strip 8 used in Fig. 1. This sealing strip 8’ has
unit or after such unit is formed.
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its vupper. edge 2| embracing the sealing» flange
` After` the closure unit has thus been completed,
i2 of the cap element, and its lower edge 22 fits
then it will be applied to the container by forcing
under and embracesthe sealing rib I0' on the
the band portion ‘I thereof and the skirt portion
band» î. The wide sealing strip 8’ is formed at
I I down over the neck 2 of the container, thereby1
Vone end 2d with a tab 23 which overlies the other 'i
to seat the sealing compound I5 ñrmly against
*the top edge of the container. The band mem
ber ’I Vwill preferably be initially madey with a
. diameter to ñtthe exterior diameter of the neck
2 at its top edge,'and as the closure unit is forced 35
downwardly 4into its sealingposition, the lower
portion of the band element will be expanded
slightly by the increasing diameter of the neck
at its lower~ïend,rthereby the band will be ñrmly
clamped to the neck.
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strip in its operative position.
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A, In order to open a container having this >con
struction the end or extremity of the tab 23 may
Y strip, and as soon as this is done, said strip can
:edge 9 of the band memberA will be crimped in
Vunder the‘shoulder 3va_s shown in Fig. 1.
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VWhen the container is to be opened,` the sealing of the container yand swung into an open position
-end 25 of said strip, thereby holdingthe sealing
be bent backwardly and engaged by va key such as
is commonly used for opening vtear strip con
tainers. As >the tab iswound on the key, it will
be `broken loose from the end 25 ofthe sealing
After the closure unit has thus been assembled
"with and applied tother container, then the lower
'strip 8' is removed'„and as soon as »thisv has been I
l ` done, the cap element may be lifted from the top’
end 25 ofthe sealing strip as shown best in Fig.
5. The tab 23 may be soldered or welded to the
‘be readily removed from thefsealing flanges. This
operation of breaking thetab 23 loose from the
¿ end y25 of the- sealing strip will require only about
ione-‘turn ofthe key, as distinguished from the
multiplicity of turns of the key required to re-l
.move the tear strip of a tear-strip container.
In the construction shown in Fig. 1, the upper
as indicated by dotted-1ines,.Fig. 1. The band
edge of the sealing strip 8 maybe bent around
member will still remain firmly clamped to the 50 or
behind the beadltV on the sealing flange I2, Y
neck 2 of the container after the sealing strip 8
thereby locking the sealing strip to the flange and
has been removed, thereby forming a ñrman
retaining it firmly in position.
-chorage for the tab-forming hinge I3. ‘ ‘The ta"
~I claim:v
pering shape of the neck will prevent the band
1. A container comprising a container body
element' 'I from slipping downwardly after' the
lhaving an open top, thereby forming-_a top edge
strip has been removed and the inturned lower
t0 said body, said body being provided with an
edge 9 of the band prevents it from moving up
rexterior downwardly facing shoulder below said
wardly; and therefore, the tab I3 will remain
top edge, and a closure for said open top corn
ñrmly anchored to the container after the sealing
strip has been removed.
60 prising a cap member and a band membenrsaid
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When the container has been initially opened,the cap element IiA may be swung back into its
closed Yposition with the skirt II fitting around
the upper end of the neck 2, thereby providing
band member encircling the upper portion of the
body and having its lower edge bent-inwardly
underneath said shoulder and also having at its
upper edge an outwardly directed sealing ñange
which
is located below said top edge of the con
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a tight closure for the container.
tainer body, said cap member being formed with
In Aorder to facilitate Vthe removal of the strip,
a peripheral skirt portion which encloses the
I have shown in Figs. 4 and ‘77a Ycon'struction‘in
upper portion of the container body above the
whichthe upper edge of the strip is cut away
sealing flange of the-band member Vand having
at wat one end, thereby making it possiblevto
extending therefrom a hinge-forming tab which
insert the endV of a screw driver or some other 70
implement behind the edge I9 for the purpose
of pryingv'th'e end 20 of the strip loose. As soon
astsaid4 end has Vbeen loosened, then the vstrip
can be readily removed.- ,
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overlies the exterior ofthe container body andv Y
is clamped Vbetween said _body and said! band g
member, said skirt 4of the cap Ymember' being pro-. k
vided at its lower edge with’ an outwardly'dire'cted
f vThe sealing' iiangel I2 on ¿the vcap element is 75 sealing-ñange'that mates the sealing flange of
2,406,568
the band member, and a U-shaped sealing strip
embracing the two sealing ñanges and holding
them tightly clamped together.
2. A container comprising. a container body
having an open top, thereby forming a top edge
to the container body, said body being provided
ing iiange that mates the sealing flange of the
band member, and a U-shaped sealing strip em
bracing the two sealing flanges and holding them `
. tightly clamped together.
3. A container as in claim 2, in which the seal
ing flange of the cap member has a larger di
with an exterior downwardly facing shoulder
ameter than that of the band member, whereby
in lifting the cap member from closed. position
below said top edge, and a closure for the open
the projecting peripheral edge of the sealing
top comprising a cap member and a band mem
ber, said band member encircling the upper por 10 flange thereon may be readily grasped.
tion of the body and having its lower end bent
4. A container as in claim 2, in which one end
of the U-shaped sealing strip has a projecting
inwardly underneath said shoulder and also hav
1 tab which overlies the other end of said strip
ing atits upper edge an outwardly directed seal
ing ñange which is located below the top edge
and is united thereto.
of the container body, said cap member being 15
5. A container as in claim 2, in which the U
formed with a peripheral skirt portion which
shaped sealing strip at one end thereof is cut
encloses the upper portion of the container body
away on its upper side to provide a shoulder
above the sealing flange of the band member and
adapted to be engaged by an implement for dis
engaging said end of the sealing strip from the
having extending therefrom a hinge-forming tab
which is anchored to said band member, said 20 sealing flanges when the container is to be
skirt portion of the cap member being provided
opened.
at its lower edge with an outwardly directed seal
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HARRY SEBELL.
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