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Aug- 27, 1946- M. o'rToMANo' YARN PRODUCING APPARATUS F11-ed April 9, _ 1945 N iwf ’2,406,626k Patented Aug'. 27, 1946 2,406,626 l - UNIT En _STATES PATENT, ¿ol-‘FICE YARN PRODUCING APPARATUS' Mario Ottomano, Union City, ¿Ni J., assignor to American Safety Razor Corporation,rv Brooklyn, N. Y., a corporation of -Virgi'nia _v \ Application April 9, 1943, Serial No. 482,383 , o 1 S Claims. (Cl. 19a-12x97);V _ 2 ' ‘ s „ formed thereby will ‘be comprised of continuous ~ My present invention relates generally to the reduction of filaments of extended or continuous length to short staple lengths, and more par ticularly to a manner of producing yarn where in a group of continuous ’filaments arranged in parallelism are reduced to staple lengths with , faller bars',` and (c) these cutting edges be of out disturbing that parallelism. Synthetiçally produced filaments are formed relatively narrow length, and (d) be so dis tributed across the width and length ofthe gill by eXtruding into fixing baths and the like a .box so thatl the reduction will be effected with- ‘ filaments and (b) cutting edges be so associated with the faller bars to reduce the continuous ñlamenlts to short staple lengths incident to and without effecting the normally functioning of the viscous mass through the small openings or 10 out destroying the continuity of the web. spinnerettes in the form of ñlaments of con The general object of my invention is an im tinuous length which are then disposed of by proved arrangement for associating _cutting edges being wound on bobbins. A number of the ñl aments are then brought together to form a thick rope-like length (generally .termed a sliver) comprised of a large group of ñlaments of con with the faller bars ofthe gill box to effect this reduction. A further general object of my invention is a distribution of cutting edges whereby the cutting tinuous length.> In the general practice this sliver is subjected to a guillotining operation which chops the slivers into short lengths to operation is performed so as to effect to a mini mum degree the integrity and continuity of the form a conglomerate mass of short staple lengths which are thereafter and by a suitable apparatus web. ~ ` reconstituted into a sliver of extended or con It is a further object of my invention that the cutting edge be presented for a cutting oper ation of maximum effectiveness. tinuous length however now constituted of short - Another object off my invention is an improved staples arranged parallel and multiplied in cross arrangementfor associating a blade holder with section toV give the desired thickness (e. gfof 25 a f aller bar. ` ~ theorder of 1”) and multiplied lengthwise to A further object of my invention is an im proved arrangement for associating a blade with a holder whereby the .blade can Ibe replaced ber of these reconstituted slivers are then sub jected simultaneously to treatment in an ap quickly and without requiring skill or special paratus termed a gill box wherein the slivers 30 tools. are united into a relatively widev web which is For the attainment of these objects and such other objects as may hereinafter appear or be attenuated, combed and then compacted into pointed out I have illustrated an embodiment sliver form. The compacted sliver is then treat ed by an apparatus wherein it is. combed and of my invention in the drawing, wherein: then subjected to a further gilling operation in 35 Figure l illustrates a blade and holder in ac- i what is termed an “intermediate” gill lbox where cordance with, ymy invention in position on a in a number of the compacted slivers are united faller bar; Figure 2 is» a top plan view of Figure l; into a web which is combed, attenuated and compacted as in the preliminary gill box to again Figure 3 is a fragmentary top plan View of reconstitute a sliver. These gilling operations 40 Figure l on an enlarged scale; may be repeated as often as desired or required. Figure 4 is a section on line 4_4 of Figure 1; For-purposes of convenience of reference the Figure äis a perspective of the blade holder; term “sliver” will be applied to the yextended » Figure 6 is a perspective of the blade; and Figure '7 shows one manner of` distribution of untwisted length comprised of a plurality of con tinuous or extended filaments and the expres 45 the blades among the faller bars. Beforeproceeding to describe my invention, I sion “reconstituted slivers” will be applied to the give an extended or continuous length. A num will premise that gill boxes are at present gen erally characterized as follows: they function to It has been suggested that the process now attenuate the slivers reconstituted from the employed for Vproducing yarn for synthetically 50 short staple lengths into'which the continluous formed ñlaments could be simplified and the ap -lilaments are guillotined (inV a typical practice untwisted extended lengths comprised of short staple lengths. > paratus required materially reduced if (a) a plu rality of slivers Vcomprised of continuous> ñla the short staples are of va length of the order of 4" to 6”); they are provided at one end with a set of feed rollers between which a number ments arranged in parallelism were` fedA simul taneously, directed to a gill- box soV that the web 55 0f slìvers are fed simultaneously'to be formed 2,406,626 3 thereby into a relatively wide web and at the other end with a set of delivery rollers spaced a distance from the feed rollers which may `be of the order of 12"; both sets of rollers are posi tively driven but at different peripheral velocities and in the practice I have in mind the difference in the peripheral velocities is of' the order of 4 faller bar mechanism wherein a second set of ' faller bars substantially a duplicate of that al ready described, operates above the plane between the rollers, the faller bars thereof being moved as described above, and also in timed relation to the movement of the first mentioned set. the needles of both sets of faller bars being projected through the web in timed relation; a third type differs from the first type described in that each The length. of the web engaged between the two sets of rollers at any movement, will therefore, 10 faller bar is provided with two parallel rows of spaced apart needles across the length of the also be of the order of 12" whereas the length of `faller bar; a fourth type is like the third type the short staples of which it is comprised, will be just described, except that the double row of of the order of 4” to 6". The short staples which needles are interrupted for a substantial distance comprise the sliver length engaged between the t their middle toprovide a relatively wide space two sets of rollers, will therefore group themselves to provide two spaced apart sets of double rows as follows: one group of these short staples will be of needles and in this type of device the slivers gripped and controlled by feeding rollers; a sec are fed to the feeding rollers so as to form two ond group will be gripped and controlled by the webs, one to be operated upon by one set of nee delivery rollers; and the remaining short lengths will form a third group which are free'of both 20 dles and the other by the other set of needles. I have chosen toV disclose my invention as em sets'of rollers. Because of the accelerated periph bodied in a gill box employing faller bars of the eral velocity of the delivery rollers the second aforementioned fourth type which I will now mentioned group of short staple lengths will be proceed to describe by reference to Figures l and advanced atan accelerated speed relatively to those of the ñrst mentioned group and the short 25 2 >where the faller bar is shown as comprised of a base bar 25 from which projects upwardly the staples which comprise the third mentioned group Vneedles 26 as will be more fully stated shortly, Will respond and _more or less casually to the con The bar 25 defined by side walls 30 and 3|, end trol of factors such as adhesion imposed upon walls 32 and a bottom surface 33 and a top sur them by the movements of the'other two groups face 29, all dimensioned, contoured and related and by other gill box mechanism'to be referred precisely as are the corresponding parts of the to later. This action attenuates the web. conventional faller bar to which my arrangement l Gill boxes are further characterized conven~ forms an attachment. This faller bar 25 for ex tionally by a mechanism positioned between the ample is provided with the conventional inclined feed and delivery rollers and generally referred to surfaces 34 adjacent its opposite end walls 32 and as the faller bar mechanism and comprised of a with the conventional guiding grooves 35 whereby group or set of faller bars, each constituted of `a the movement of the faller bars is effected by the bar positioned parallel to the rollers and provided five t0 one. Y , -» with one or more rows of pointed needles across its length. The Width of the row Vof needles should conventional mechanism in a conventional man ner. The significance of this is that this faller be at least equal to that of the web formed from y40 bar is entirely conventional also as to those char acteristics whereby it may be rnoved> in a conven the sliver or slivers as they are passed through tional manner and in conventional ltimed and the feeding rollers. Y Y ' 4 spaced relation to all the other faller bars and , `These faller bars travel between the set of feed is as if it were conventional in all other respects. ing rollers and the set of delivery rollers in a Projecting upwardly from the upper surface 29 path that can best be described as an extremely of bar 25 are four rows of pointed needles 40, 4|, nat oval whose long dimension is in the direction 42,` and 43. The row 40 is adjacent and parallel of the feed of the web and Whose short dimension to side Wall 3! and terminates a substantial dis' is approximately vertical. The faller bars in a tance short of the middle of the bar. The row typical apparatus travel in their elevated position 4I is adjacent and parallel to side wall 30 and from a point adjacent the feed rollers to a point terminates about the same distance short of the adjacent the delivery rollers Where they are center and its needles being shown as staggered dropped in succession by mechanism (not shown) relatively to and longer than needles 4 l. r»I‘he two to a lower level and their direction of movement parallel rows of needles 42 and 43 to the other reversed until they again arrive in the vicinity side of the faller bar also terminate about the of the feeding rollers where they are suddenly same distance short of the center as do the par projected upwardly one after another into their allel rows 40 and 4I and are related t0 each other starting position in the upper level. This'com and to the side walls 3D and 3l the same way as prises a cycle of travel of each faller bar along are the parallel rows 40 and 4l. Expressed dif a path which has been referred to as a ñat oval. This path is located generally below the plane (if) ferently, the bar 25 is provided with two spaced apart sets of parallel rows of needles. through the peripheral lines of contact of the two In the conventional use of this type of faller sets of rollers. This cycle is repeated continuously bar, a number of slivers are fed along the width for the gilling operation. The faller bars follow each other in this path in timed relation and in .. » of the group of needles 40 and 4| and the second group of slivers are fed to the gill box along the As each faller bar is pro-V uniform v manner. « a jected into the upper level its needles are caused to penetrate the web formed from the slivers by the feeding rollers, so that as the faller bar advances toward the delivery rollers, the needles comb the short staple lengths into parallelism. What I have just described is one type of faller bar mechanism of a typical gill box, There are width of the needles 42 and 43 so that two webs are formed and treated simultaneously in a single gill boX, these webs being spaced apart for the space between the two groups of needles. I will now explain my invention as applied to the two parallel rows of needles 42 and 43 at the right in Figures 1 and 2, it being understood that _other types which vary somewhat from that the description for this half applies equally as which has just beenvdescribed. well to the other half and which is therefore For example a . second type is that known as, the intersection.l deemed unnecessary to illustrate. ' '2,406,626 c s 6 5 My arrangementv for associating cutting edges with such. a faller bar comprises a holder 50 shown in Figure 5> anda blade 5| to be engaged thereby for predetermined relation to a group of c wall 5.5 or the holder'an’d the group of needles. en compassed thereby. A preferred manner of assembling the parts is to engage the holder over the selected group of needles in the manner already set forth so that llîhe holder 50 is comprised in horizontal cross the wall V6| is engaged in a depression 12 and ñnger 80 is engaged in slot 10. This locates the section of the end or main wall 55, the side walls 56 and the inwardly extending ñanges 51 which holder on the bar and also locks it against move terminate a substantial distance short of each ment in any direction. The blade is now' forced other. The holder is illustrated as open at its 10 into itsr position of Figure 3 in between the group of needles encompassed by the holder anda wall top and bottom so that it' can be passed down 55V thereof and in this positioning, ythe blade will wardly over a group of needles, the spacing of f needles. f its walls andflanges being such with relation shipto the thickness and spacing and the tapered -formation of the needles that as the holder is moved downwardly over> a selected group of act as a wedge to prevent such relative move ments of the parts as might result from manu facturing variations or deteriorations through use. ‘ My invention further contrnplates «that means be provided to prevent the blade from moving ment will be eifected until Ithe holder reaches its ñnal position of Figure 4 wherein its bottom upwardly relatively to the holder. The arrange seats upon the top surface 29 ofthe bar 25. 20 ment I provide therefor is shown in Figures 4, 5 and 6 and comprises a finger 86 formed by cut While the holder 50 maybe made of any desired needles a gradually increasing frictional engage or preferred material, my objective contemplates that its construction or the material of which it is made be such that the engagement with the needles be a resilient one. This manner of en gagement will maintain the holder against move ment in the plane of .the bar. I will now de scribe my arrangement for preventing upward movement of the holder. It comprises finger 60 extending inwardly from the wall 6| supported from the holder 50 by ñange 62. In the >illus trated embodiment the parts 60, 6| and 62 are shown as made as a separate part and as secured to the outer face of the wall 55 by ilangeßä. It can be made integral` with holder 5|! in any de ting an area of wall 55 along three sides and `then bending inwardly that area as shown in Figure 4. The blade in turn is provided with- an opening 8| so located .and dimensioned that when the blade is forced down into the holder to its limit which is when it engages the top surface 29 of the base part, the hole 8| in the blade will be in registration with the lower end of the finger 80. and the lowermost wall portion of hole 8| will be positioned below and engaged by the lower most edge of the ñnger 80 to lock the blade against upward movement in its holder. 'I'his of course requires that there be a relative yield between linger 80 and blade 5|. This yield will be provided by one or more of the following: sired manner if preferred. It will be observed that ñange 62 is substantially in the plane of the the resiliency of iinger 80; the resiliency of bottom of the holder 50. holder'50; the flexibility and resiliency of blade 5|. In Figure 4 the linger 6|) is bent inward only The aforementioned faller bar which as already stated, is entirely conventional as thus 40 a sufficient distance so as to provide an engage ment between the wall defining blade slot 8| and far described, is modified .to the extent now to the lowermost edge of finger 80 without however be indicated for purposes of my invention. A horizontally extending slot 'l0 extends inwardly permitting the blade to work its wayin the space from the wall 3|. This slot 'l0 is located to reg between the free lower end of finger 80 land the ister with ringer 6B of the holder when the latter wall 55 of the holder. Upon reference to Figure 6 it will be observed is engaged around a selected group of needles that the cutting edgeV 85 is inclined tothe hori and fully seated on base 25. It will be observed zontal at a substantial angle which in the draw that this slot is shown in Figure 1 as extending ing is illustrated as approximating 30°. I have for the full length of the rows of needles 42, 43. found this‘o'f advantage because it provides the In addition the side wall 3| is shown in Figure pointed end 86 which first engages the iilarnents 1 as milled down to provide the two spaced apart and cleaves through the assembled mass to cause depressions '|2 whose purpose will shortly be ex those filaments to the right of the point in ven plained. The needles about'which a holder- en gagement with the inclined cutting edge for a gages comprise that group in vertical registra shearing cut across the full length of the in tion with a. milled area 12 and in such engage clined cutting edge as that edge moves upwardly. ment wall 6I depending from holder 50 will be It presents the further advantage that it sub countersunk into a depression 'l2 and finger 60 stantially increases the length of the cutting edge will be received in slot 10. lThe depth of the without increasing the width of the blade and milling is such that the outer surface of the wall 6|- will be on the level with and in plane of the (ii) thus lengthens the life of the former. The upper edge of the holder which can be de remaining portion of the outer wall 3| of the scribed as an incomplete ellipse is cut at sub basebar 25 and the depth of slot T0 is such thatV stantially the same angle as is the edge of the finger 60 will be fully engaged therein to thus blade to provide ample and ñrm support therefor. lock the holder against vertical movement. It To minimize the extent to which this upper will here be pointed out that the elements 60, . edge of the'holder 50 might present projecting 6| and 62 comprise between them a spring linger edges or surfaces or areas to the filaments, I which will yield suiiiciently to permit engage have rounded off the end wall at the right in ment and disengagementrof the finger 60 from 1Figure 5 so that it presents. a curved surface and within the slot and of wall 6| from engagement have cut oif the sharp upper corner at the left in depression 1.2. in that figure which otherwise would be pre The blade 5| is of a~width so as to be snugly ‘ sented as shown at 6l, 'and then rounding off received within the holder 50 and engaged be the corner as shown at 68. tween its side walls 5B and by reference> tov Fig In Figures 1 and 2 I have shown two cuttingV ures 2` and 3 it will be observed that the blade 5| in its assembled relation is engaged between'the ' edges associated with the parallel rows of nee 2,406,626 dles 42 and 43 in the right half of the faller _bar. Their location and number is entirely exemplary. It will be understood that blades can also be asso ciatedwith the two parallel groups of needles 40 and 4I in the' left half of the faller bar of Fig ure 1 as will be explained by reference to the pattern shown in Figure 7. It has been stated that the gill box comprises a plurality of faller bars of which one is shown in Figure 1 and that these faller bars follow l0 bars> during a complete cycle represents-as a repeat three times of the same distribution of cuts and cutting edges so that the narrow length of the web engaged between the rollers represented by one of these letters at the top in Figure '7 is cut three times during a complete cycle so as to reduce the continuous filaments in short staples of a length of approximately 4". If now the cuts effected in any one of the afore mentioned groups of adjacent faller bars which each other in a cycle of movement along an up represent a pattern of cuts are projected on a per level from the feed roller t0 the delivery single horizontal line, it will give the resultant roller and then are dropped to a lower level along which their movement is reversed until they have reached a position of adjacency to the feed roll of a cut for the full width of the web without ers where they are again projected upwardly to ure 'l is repeated as the web is fed through the complete a cycle. As .each faller bar has com gill bOX. Since the cutting operation is performed upon pleted its reverse movementl and isv projcted up substantial overlap and without destroying the continuity of the web. The cycle shown in Fig the web at a point v,adjacent the feeding rollers wardly into the upper level, the needles are pro- ’ jected through the web for its full thickness so 20 where all the filaments are continuous and under the control of those rollers and are being fed at that as the faller bars advance in the upper level the peripheral velocity of the feed rollers, the its needles will comb the web. When a faller pattern of Figure 7 correctly presents the cycle of bar provided with cutting edges as is shown in cutting even though the short staple lengths may Figure 1, is projected upwardly, a cutting edge will be caused to engage and cut the group of 25 thereafter be subject to relative longitudinal dis placement as they are fed at varying speeds.~ adjacent ñlaments which are in vertical regis The pattern shown in Figure 'l is intended to tration therewi-th and as will be observed from exemplify one manner of distribution of the cut Figure 1, this group is contained within and com ting edges and one manner of association of the prises a relatively narrow width of the web. In the disclosure of Figure 1, the web being treated 30 cutting edges with the right half of the faller bars. ’ . by the right half of the faller bar, will cut upon It will be understood that the distribution of such> upward projection of that faller bar, for the cutters on the left half can duplicate that the two narrow spaced apart widths as shown shown in Figure 7 for the right half in which in that figure. event the patterns will duplicate each other. If The pattern of Figure '7 is intended to repre desired, the pattern of cuts for the left half of sent the cutting action effected by the vertical ‘the faller bars can be different from that em projection of all the faller bars through a com ployed for the right half and the objects of my plete cycle of movement thereof upon that length invention attained. For example, the cutters in of the web which is engaged at any moment be tween the feeding roller and the delivery roll 40 Figure l are shown as inclined downwardly to e ward the right. They can be changed around ers and which length it has already been stated by being inclined downwardly toward the left, may be of the order of approximately 12". The either for some or all of the cutters on the right pattern width shown in Figure 3 is intended to and also for the cutters on the left. . represent the width of the web .being treated by I have shown in the disclosed embodiment the the right half of the faller bars and its length as cutting edge inclining downwardly toward the measured vertically in thatl ñgure is intended to right. It will be understood that the inclination represent the length of that web engaged be can be reversed either for all the cutting edges tween the two sets of rollers. The numbers at or for any variation that'may be desired. the left represent the cuts effected upon the web Having thus described my invention and illus section successively during a complete cycle of >trated its use, what I claim as new and desire to operation by twenty-four faller bars which are secure by Letters Patent, is: assumed to be comprised in the faller bar mecha l. In combination with a faller bar defined by parallel side walls and an upper surface from Ã- For convenience of reference the web section of Figure '7 is shown as divided into ten sections 55 which project a row of needles and means for securing a blade in engagement with a group of across its width, each sectionbeing of a width adjacent needles of said row for effecting a cut corresponding to the width of the cut effected ting action upon the upper projection of the faller by a cutting edge. The ten sections are lettered bar and means for locking said blade against for convenience of identification. This pattern vertical as Well as lateral movement relatively shows thatI faller bar I carries three cutting edges 60 in its right half and therefore effects its three to said needles, said means comprising a blade holder and means for locking the blade to the cuts; faller bar 2 carries no cutting edges; faller holder and means for locking the holder to the bar 3 carries two cutting edges; faller bar 4 carries no cutting edge; bar 5 carries two cutting edges; faller bar. 2. A gill box faller bar comprised of a base bar bar 6 carries none; bar 1_ carries three; bar 8 and needles projecting upwardly therefrom, said carries none, etc. The cuts effected by the cut base bar being provided with a slot opening out ting edges 85` are shown in this pattern as dis wardly through a side wall thereof and extended tributed longitudinally and laterally of the web in longitudinally of the base bar to cooperate with this manner. It will be observed that the dis a linger carried by a blade holder> supported above tribution of the cuts and therefore of the cut the base bar for retaining said blade holder ting edges for the faller bars I to 8 inclusive is against upward movement and a blade holder repeated in the group of faller bars-of 9 to I6 ' having means for securing it to the faller bar inclusive and again repeated for the third group comprising a member adapted to engage in said of faller bars l1 to 24 inclusive. In other words, the pattern of cutting action of all of the faller 75 nism. Y slot. I . 2,406,626 10 9 3. A gill box faller bar comprised of a base bar dles for detachably securing a blade to such faller whose thickness is defined by longitudinally ex tended parallel side walls, said base bar being bar with its cutting edge in predetermined rela tion to its needles, said attachment being made Areduced in thickness for a limited distance along its length beginning at its top and extending of a sheet material and comprising a wall of a width sufficient to span a group of adjacent nee dles and of a height less than the length of the downwardly therefrom to provide a depression in needles and iianges bent from the opposite side one of the side walls, and a blade holder posi tioned above the base bar and provided with a edges of said wall to extend inwardly toward each retaining finger received in said depression so as other and parallel with and normally spaced from to be countersunk in said base bar and therefore 10 said wall for approximately the diameter of the present no protuberance extending beyond said needles, said wall and flanges defining an expan sible unobstructed channel of uniform cross-sec side wall. 4. A gill box faller bar comprised of a base bar tion and entirely open at the top and bottom, whose thickness is defined by longitudinally ex whereby the attachment can be engaged over a tended parallel side walls, one of said side walls 15 group of needles through its open bottom with being milled away from the top for a distance the group of needles encompassed by the wall downwardly therefrom and for a limited distance and flanges, with the pointed ends of the needles along its length to provide a depression in said projecting through and beyond the open top of side wall, said side wall being provided with a said attachment, whereby a flat blade entered be slot which opens outwardly therethrough and 20 tween said wall and the group of needles will be extends longitudinally of said base bar, said slot ' crossing said milled area and a blade holder and means for securing it to the faller bar comprising an inwardly directed finger engaged in said slotV y engaged thereby and frictionally held therebe tween with its cutting edge located above the top of the attachment and below the pointed end of the needles and means projecting from said wall to lock the holder against upward movement, and 25 for engagingthe faller bar base to lock the at received in said depression in countersunk rela tachment against vertical movement along the tion to said side Wall. 5. In combination, a holder for securing a blade 8. A separable attachment to a gill box faller needles. ' , to the faller bar of a gill box employed in the bar comprised conventionally of a base and nee production of yarn from filaments, said holder 30 dles for detachably securing a blade to such faller being channel-like in horizontal cross section and bar with its cutting edge in predetermined rela open at the top and bottom whereby it can be tion to its needles, said attachment being made moved downwardly over a. group of adjacent faller of a sheet material and comprising a wall'of a Ybar needles to engage thereabout with the bot width sufiicient to span a group of adjacent nee tom of the holder seated on the top of the base 35 dles and of a'height less than the length of the bar of the faller bar, said holder having an in wardly directed ñnger depending therefrom and needles and flanges bent from the opposite side edges of said wall to extend inwardly toward each other and parallel with and normally spaced from to receive said finger and lock the holder against said wall for approximately the diameter of the upward movement. ‘ 40 needles, said wall and flanges defining an ex a faller bar provided with a slot in its side Wall 6. In combination with a faller bar of a gill ~ box employed in the production of yarn from iila ments a blade holder, said holder being channel like in horizontal cross section and open at the top and bottom whereby it can be moved down 45 wardly over a group of adjacent faller bar nee dles to engage thereabout with the bottom of the pansible unobstructed channel of uniform cross section and entirely open at the top and bottom, whereby the attachment can be engaged over a group of needles through its open bottom with the group of needles encompassed by the wall and flanges, with the pointed ends of the needles projecting through and beyond the open top of Y holder seated on the top of the base bar of the said attachment so that a flat blade can be faller bar, said holder having a depending mem entered between said wall and the group of nee ber and a linger extending inwardly from its 50 dles engaged thereby and frictionally held there lower edge and a faller ybar having one side wall between with its cutting edge located above the milled down to provide a depression in which said top of the attachment and below the pointed end member is received and a slot longitudinally of of the needles and means depending from the said milled area in which the ñnger can engage bottom edge of the wall for engaging the faller` to lock the holder against upward movement. ' 55 bar base to hold the attachment against vertical 7. `A separable attachmentvto a gill box faller movement relatively to the faller bar. ' bar comprised conventionally of a base and nee MARIO OTTOMANO.