Патент USA US2406665код для вставки
All@ 27» 1946« ' w. H. CHURCHILL ' 2,406,665 covERING INSTALLATION AND 'ATTAGHING 01.11°4 THÉREFOR ' Filed oct. .28. 1944 v 7 I4 g Patented Aug. 27, 1946 ‘ UNITED ' 2,406,665 STATES ` PATENT CLIP THEREFOR OFFICE Y Wilmer H. Churchill, Saugus,f_ Mass., assigner to' United-Carr Fastener Corporation, Cambridge, ' Mass., a corporation of Massachusetts- Application October 28, 1944, Serial No. 560,879 7 claims. (Cl. afi-81.)» . . 2 ‘Thefpresent invention. relates to fabric-secured installations andto attachingr clips therefor and aims generally'to improve the construction ofthe portions of apair of'interlocked clips. installationi as well` as thev provision ofv a simple lation embodying the. invention comprises` a sup novel- andi em'cient` clip> for use inY such installa tions. ^ ` . . »There` are manytypes of` installations where it isdcsiredatosecure, one or more plies of a fabric, either Woven or sheetxfabric, to a metal or like rigid support;> One such installation, selected hereinv for illustrative purposesis the. application of> ar covering, -such as fabric, to aircraft, motor Fig.- 7 is an. enlarged side` view of: adjoining end: . . Referring. to‘-> the drawing, onetypical instal porting part I, whichr may be a structural part. of an aircraft, motor vehicle> or the like, and which is, preferablyk provided* with a longitudinali row of equally spaced apertures 2. - The: fabric 4 which is to be` secured in place. upon the support may comprise one. or more. plies ofv flexibleV material, which may be woven fabric or suitable sheetl material such kas leather, felt, sheeting or the like, and this fabric 4A overlies vehicles-and the like wherein a fabric ply or plies are secured’ to..- an: underlying metal support, by the apertured support: I. The fabric material 4 means of Vmetal fastener members. Heretofore ' >is conveniently securedv to the support by a con 15 suchffasteners- have been> of the; type illustrated nested-series. 'of fastenerA elements or clips 3 each and; described in myv prior Patent No. 2,345,325, having an elongated material-engagingportion grantedv March 28., 1944,'and consisted of a plu rality of fasteners adaptedto penetrate the fabric and lock with the support and> at spaced points of application along the; support. . One of the primary aims and objects of the present invention is the> provision of an improvedV fabric secured' installation in which'the fabric is secured to the support by means of a> series of fasteners connected together to provide a con ~ tener portion of an adjacent clip whereby a series ofÍ clips may be connected in, series to provide a> continuous fastening- or stitchingv of desired length as illustrated in Fig. 2. ~ TheV invention provides a novel form of- fastener tinuous fasteningy through a desired length of in stallation. 5; a support-engaging fastener portion 6 passed through the- fabric and lockingly engaging the under faceofÍ thel support, and a locking portion 20 ‘I for engagement with the support-engaging fas or attaching clip for use in an installation as i abovedescribedA and aims particularly to provide A >further object of the` invention is the` pro-` one that is simple in construction, cheap in the visionof an»y improvedjfastener clip for fabric 30 cost of manufacture as well as one which may be secured' installations andl the‘like wherein a por tion of ,one clip'is adapted to lock withv a fastener portion of an adjacent clip so as to provide a con tening. tinuous fastening. the invention provides a fastener clip having an heat-treated for stiffness to provide a secure fas Referring particularly to Figs. 4 to 7 inclusive, Thel above and other. advantages of the> inven 35 elongated material-engaging portion 5 formed of tion will be. apparent from the accompanying thin fiat strip material», such as ribbon steel, the portion 5 being adapted to overlie the outer face drawing and annexed specification illustrating of the fabric. The support-engaging fastener and describing one preferred embodiment of the portion 6 on one end of the portion 5 isr advan invention». " In the drawing: _ Fig. 1 is a longitudinal sectional View of a por-. tion 0f a fabric-secured installation of the in ventionthe section being taken along a side edge of a series of fasteners as indicated by the arrows 2----2. of Fig. 2; - - , Fig. 2 is a plan` View thereof; Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view thereof as taken on the line 3-,3 of Fig. 1 ;Y A 40 tageously, though` not necessarily formed ofthe same type and~ size- of material as the portion 5. Preferably it is' a loop-type fastener having an y'open upper end, as at 8. and conveniently may be V-shaped to> provide an open throat 8 at an 45 entering nose 9. The side walls In of the sup port-engaging fastener member I5v are advanta geously formed ofthe same material as‘the por tion 5. and. preferably diverge from the nose end 9 to the plane ofthe portion 5, the side walls I0 ¿Fig. 4A is» a‘ sidev view Ofan improvedV attaching 50 being connected'to- the material-engaging por@ clip- according to a preferred form of the inven tion» 5`and- the terminal end II‘ of the clip by in tion;Y ' ~ .'Fig. 5 is a plan view thereof; _ " f wardly'directed neck'portion I2, presenting shoul ders I3 on the fastener portion 6 for locking - Fig. 6 is an enlarged fragmental side view in engagement .with the aperture Walls of the sup terlocking one clip with an adjacent clip ;. and 55 port I.V Thus the fastener portion 6 may be 2,406,665 3 1 ' ` tures, said clip comprising a thin strip of metal forced through the fabric 4 and into the apertures formed at one end with a shouldered loop fastener 2 of the support, so that the shoulders I3 will portion adapted for snap fastener engagement with an apertured wall of a support, the opposite engage the support with a snap fastener action. The locking element 1 on the opposite end of the material-engaging portion 5 advantageously end of said strip formed with a rounded head and an angularly extending tongue adapted to be posi is of less length than the depth of the fastener tioned wholly within and expand the opposed loop portion 6 and preferably extends angularly sides of a terminal loop fastener portion of the from the portion 5 on the same side thereof as adjacent clip, the support-engaging fastener portion 6, and may » 3. A sheet metal clip for securing fabric and the like to an underlying apertured support pro be in the form of a tongue connected to the por tion 5 by a bight or rounded head I4, so as to Q_Verlie the terminal end II of an adjacent clip ` vided with a row of apertures therein, said clip comprising an elongated body of thin strip metal formed at one end With a V-shaped fastener por series of clips will be disposed in a common plane, all holding the fabric against the support. 15 tion adapted for insertion in an apertured sup port, the opposite end of said body being formed The locking element 1 is disposed at some angu-V Y with an angularly disposed resilient locking ele lar position, to the portion 5, different from Veither ment for engaging and expanding the opposed of the sides I0 of the support-engaging fastener whereby the material-engaging portions 5 of -a sides `of a terminal V-shaped fastener part of an portion 6, and preferably this angular relation is at least 90 degrees and advantageously greater adjoining clip. The inner portion of the rounded head I4 pro vides. allocking seat l5 for locking engagement with the aperture wall of the support I, so that the terminal end of a series of clips will be se Y 4. A sheet metal clip for securing fabricand so as to include an obtuse angle between them. the like to an underlying apertured support pro--> ' vided with a row of apertures therein, Said clip comprising an elongated body of thin strip metal 25 formed at one end with a V-shaped fastener por- Y tion adapted to be forced through a fabric and positioned in an aperture of a support, the oppo InV aflixing the attaching clips to the fabric 4 site end of said body being formed with an angu-~ and support I,the locking tongue .1 of an initially larly disposedilocking element, the upper end of applied clip is forced through the fabric and an aperture 2 of the support, where the seat I5 locks 30 said V-shapedfastener portion being reduced and ï open to axially receive and place under tension against the aperture wall of the support. The the locking element of anladjacent clip whereby support-engaging fastener portion 6 of the ini a plurality of clips maybe connected in series to ’ tially applied clip is then forced through the form a continuous fastening of desired length, fabric and through the next aperture 2, so that 5. A sheet metal clip forl securing fabric and 35 the shoulders I3 seat under the support -I. the like to an underlying apertured support pro The next adjacent fastener is similarly applied vided With a row of apertures therein, said clip by inserting the locking tongue end‘ 'I down comprising an elongated body of thin strip metal through the open throat 8 of the previously formed at one end with a loop fastener portion affixed support-engaging fastener member G, as illustrated in Fig. 6. As the second clip is moved 40 adapted to be forced through a fabric and posi tioned in anY aperture of a support, the opposite to locked position, the tongue engages the oppo end of said body being formed with an angular-ly site divergent sidesl of the fastener portion Ii ex disposed locking element ‘of less length than the panding vthem and maintaining them in locked depth of the loop portion, the upper end of said engagement With the support as illustrated in Fig. curely locked to the support. - Y '7. The bight or rounded head I4 provides a seat 45 loop-fastener portion being restricted andropen to receive axially a locking element of an adjacent for the terminal end Il of the previously applied clip to prevent contraction of said loop fastener clip (Fig. 7) so thatthe material-engaging por portion, ` v C ` tions 5 lie in a common plane to tightly hold the ' 6. Arfastener clip for securing material to an fabric against the support. 'Y apertured support-.comprising an elongated mate.’Thus the series of interconnected fasteners pro vides a continuous line Yfastening for the iiexible fabric strip which is of material advantage in installations of the type above described.V Although I have illustrated and described only a single form of my invention, it is to be under stood that the invention is not restricted thereby, as the scope of the invention is best defined by the following claims, I claim: Y l - rial-engaging portion formed ofrelatively stiff strip material, an open-topped support-engaging fastener portion extending angularly from one end of said material-engaging portion and adapt 55 ed for snap fastener engagement with a support - l aperture, and a locking element Von the opposite end of said material-engaging portion and dis posed on the same side thereof as said support engaging fastener portion for interlocking snap ' 1. A sheet metal clip adapted for securing a 601 fastener engagement through the open top of the support-engaging fastener portion of `an adjacent covering to an underlying support formed with a clip whereby a plurality of clipsmay be connected row of apertures, said clip comprising a thin strip together‘to form a continuous fastening of >de-V of metal formed at one end with a shouldered* sired length, said locking element‘bearing'on an tapered loop fastener portion adapted for snap fastening engagement with an aperture Wall of a 65;. inner face of said support-engaging’fastener por support, the opposite endl of said strip being Y formed with a locking tongue of less length than the depth of the loop portion and adapted to be inserted into the loop fastener» portion of an tion under tension to prevent contractionV thereof and removal from anV apertured support in which it may be inserted. Y ' ' ' Y - ’7. A series of fastener clips of'flilçe construction adjacent previously positioned clip for engaging 70 i adapted to be connected in end-'to-'end relation by and expanding the sides of a previously positioned loop fastener portion against removal from Ia support. „ . ' ` a snap fastener action Vto form a continuous length of metallic stitching for securing a cover-` ing to a support having a rowof spaced fastener receiving apertures, each of saidîfastener Jclips 2. A'sheet metal clip for securing fabric to an 75“ comprising an elongated body offthin stripr metal underlying’support _formed with a row of .aper-A 2,406,665 5 u formed adjacent one end with an angularly dis posed V-shaped loop fastener portion having an open restricted throat at one end, the opposite end of said body having a locking tongue dis posed at an obtuse angle to> the body and con nected thereto by an arcuate head portion, said locking element being insertable axially through the open restricted end of a V-shaped loopV fas v 6 , tener portion of an adjacent clip with the arcuate head portion overlying one side of the restricted open throat and the locking tongue engaging un der tension an opposite tapered wall of said loop ` fastener portion to prevent contraction of said loop fastener portion and removal thereof When positioned in an apertured support. Y WILMER H. CHURCHILL.