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Патент USA US2406698

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Aug. 27, 1946.
2,406,698
G. LONG
CAGING MECHANISM
'
Filed June 14, r1943
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INVENTORE- ’
GEORGE
\
LONG‘
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urv.
2,406,698
Patented Aug. 27, 1946
vhurrah STATES PATENT ormce
,CAGING MECHANISM
George “Long, St.'Louis Park, Minn, assignor to
General Mills, 'Inc., a corporation of Delaware
Application June 1.4, 1943, ‘Serial No. 49Ih956
‘7 Claims.
‘
:1
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This invention relates to gyros .and more par
ticularly to mechanism for .restoring a gyro to a
given normal ‘position, as vertical. It is intended
particularly for use on gyro vertical apparatus
for .use on shipboard and is intended to quickly
return the gyro to a normal vertical position-after
it has been moved therefrom by reason of over
travel .caused .by excessive roll of a vessel instead
of allowing the gyro slowly to return to that po
(01. ?74—5‘)
and similar portions 58, 6-0 at the other, all jour
naled in the housing 22 and having pairs of gears
62, >64 keyed thereon to cause these members to
oscillate in opposite directions at equal rates.
Bevel gears ‘It, 12 keyed on the ends of the
shafts 34 and 54 mesh with bevel gears 14, 16
keyed on a shaft ‘I8 which is suitably journaled
on the housing 22 and is ‘caused to oscillate by
anysuitable means such as a lever 89 and a tog
10 gig-r82 operated by a rod 84 slidably mounted in a
frame'member 86. Thus, .moving the rod 84 to
An object of the invention is to provide means
the right causes ‘all the restoring vmembers to
forquickly returning the spin axis of a gyro to a
move to the ‘open position shown in Fig. 2 while
given normal position as vertical, from any other
moving .itrto the left causes these members 'to as
position the shaft may have assumed.
This and other objects as will hereinafter ap 15 sume 111385010866 position shown'in ‘Fig. ‘l in which
thepin "l5 :andtroner gimbal M are urged toward
pear are accomplished by this invention which is
their neutral or vertical positions wherein the
fully described in the following speci?cation and
gyro is centered.
shown in the accompanying drawing in which
It will be understood of course that during
Figure 1 is a perspective of a gyro embodying
my invention showing the restoring members in 20 much of the "time ‘the caging mechanism here
shown and’ described may be retracted to the
closed position;
.
position shown in Fig, 2 so as not to interfere with
Fig. .2 is a perspective of the restoring appa
the normal operation of the gyro and ‘may be
' ratus and its drives‘removed from the gym and
brought into play only when it is desired to quick
showing the restoring .members in open position;
Fig. 3 is a partial view similar to Fig. 2 showing 25 15/‘ returnthe gyro to a ‘predetermined position.
sition by .its own inherentaction.
.
means for separately operating pairs .of restoring
members.
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'
‘Thus it will "be seen I have provided a very
simple and e?ectual means for restoring the shaft
of agyro lto'its' normal position.
'
The embodiment illustrated comprises a gyro
'While'I have shown the pairs of restoring mem
shown diagrammatically as having a rotor l0
secured on a shaft I2, the latter being suitably 30 bers acting simultaneously tourge the inner gim
journaled in an inner gimbal I4 which is mounted
bal I4 back to its central or normal position with
respect to two planes at right angles to each
on trunnions I6 which in turn are journaled in
an outer gimbal I8 which has trunnions 20 set
other, there may be situations where it is desir
at right angles to the trunnions I6 and which in
able to bring it ?rst into one plane and then into
35 the other. That would only require a separate
turn are journaled in a housing 22.
The shaft I2 is driven in any desired manner
means for operating ?rst one of the sets of re
by means not shown which are well known and
storing members as 30, 32 to bring the axis of
forms no part of the invention. A pin I5 ex
the gimbal I4 into the plane of these members
tends beyond the gimbal I4 and axially in line
when closed to the position of Fig. 1 and another
with the shaft I2 so as to be‘engageable by two 40 operating means for closing the other restoring
sets of restoring members set at right angles to
each other and which are preferably mounted to
rotate about axes 45° from the trunnions I6 and
20. Thus semicircular restoring members 30, 32
members 59: 52 to bring thegimbal I4 into their
have oppositely extending spaced shaft portions
34, 36 at one end and similar portions 38, 40 at
lever I96 keyed thereon and a rod I92 while the
the other which, are suitably journaled in the
housing 22 at substantially the same level as
the trunnions I6 and 20.
plane, thus completing the restoring of the gyro
in two steps instead of one. Thus in Fig. 3, the
restoring members I30, I32 are operated by a
restoring members I50, I52 are later independ
ently operated by a lever I94 and a rod I96 to
restore the gyro to a central position by two in
Meshing pairs of gears
dependent steps. Fig. 3 is otherwise the same as
42, M keyed on these spaced shaft portions cause 50
Fig. 1.
-the restoring members 30, 32 to oscillate in oppo
While I have shown and described but a few
site directions at equal rates.
embodiments of my invention, it’ is to be under
Another pair of restoring members 50, 52 at
stood that it is capable of many modi?cations.
right angles to the members 30, 32 have oppositely
extending spaced shaft portions 54, 56 at one end 55 Changes, therefore, may be made which do not
> 1 "
2,406,698
-
depart from the spirit and scope of my invention
as disclosed in the appended claims.
4
position, and means for urging said semicircular
members toward a common center, the axes about
which the gyro is mounted to swing and the axes
I claim as my invention:
1. In a caging device for gyros, means for
mounting the gyro to swing about two axes at
about which the semicircular members swing are
located in substantially the same plane.
right angles to each other, the rotor of the gyro
being mounted on a shaft, pairs of semicircular
5. In a caging device for gyros, means for
mounting the gyro to swing about two axes at
right angles to each other, the rotor of the gyro
being mounted on a shaft, pairsgof semicircular
members mounted to swing from opposite sides
of the axis of said shaft toward a normal central
position of the gyro shaft so as to urge the gyro 10
members mounted to swing from opposite sides
shaft toward the central position from any other
of the axis of said shaft toward a normal central
position, and means for simultaneously urging
position of the gyro shaft so as to urge the gyro
said semicircular members toward acommon
shaft toward the central position from any other
center,
position, and means for urging said semicircular
2. In a caging device for gyros, means for 15 members toward a common center, the pairs of
mounting the gyro to swing about two axes at
semicircular members when in closed position
right angles to each other, the rotor of the gyro
lying substantially at right angles to each other
being mounted on a shaft, pairs of semicircular
and substantially at 45° from the axes of the
members mounted to swing from opposite sides
mountings for the gyro, the axes about which
of the axis of said shaft toward a normal central 20 the gyro is mounted to swing and the axes about
position of the gyro shaft so as to urge the gyro
which the semicircular members swing are lo
shaft toward the central position from any other
position, and means for simultaneously urging
cated in substantially the same plane.
6. In a caging device for gyros, means for
mounting the gyro to swing about two axes at
right angles to each other, the rotor of the gyro
being mounted on a shaft, pairs of semicircular
said semicircular members toward a common
center, the pairs of semicircular members when
in closed position lying substantially at right
angles to each other.
members mounted to_ swing from opposite sides
3. In a caging device for gyros, means for
of the axis of said shaft toward a normal central
position of the gyro shaft so as to urge the gyro
mounting the gym to swing about two axes at
right angles to each other, the rotor of the gyro " 7
being mounted on a shaft, pairs of semicircular
members mounted to swing from opposite sides
of the ‘axis of said shaft toward a normal central
30
position of the gyro shaft so as to urge the gyro
ing substantially at right angles to each other.
shaft toward the'central position from any other
position, and means for simultaneously urging
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said semicircular members toward a common
center, the pairs of semicircular members when
in closed position lying substantially at right an
gles to each other and substantially at 45° from
the axes of the mountings for the gyro.
4. In a caging device for gyros, means for
mounting the gyro to swing about two axes at
right angles to each other, the rotor of the gyro
being mounted on a shaft, pairs of semicircular
members mounted to swing from opposite sides
of the axis of said shaft toward a normal central
position of thegyro shaft so as to urge the gyro
shaft toward the central position from any other
shaft toward the central position from any other
position, and means for urging said semicircular
members toward a common center, the pairs of
semicircular members when in closed position ly
40
7. In a caging device for gyros, means for
mounting the gyro to swing about two axes at
right angles to each other, the rotor of the gyro
being mounted on a shaft, pairs of semicircular
members mounted to swing from opposite sides of
the axis of said shaft toward a normal central
position of the gyro shaft so as to urge the gyro
shaft toward the central position from any other
position, and means for moving one of said pairs
of members toward a normal central position to
bring the axis of the gyro into that plane and
then moving the other pair of said members
toward each other to move the axis of the gyro
in said plane to a given position in that plane.
GEORGE LONG.
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