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Патент USA US2406700

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Aug. 27, 1946.`
l. B. MILLER
HAT SIZE REDUCER
Filed Nov. ' 29, 1945
- 2,406,700
Patented Aug. 27,Ñ 194()`
2,406,700
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
HAT :SIZE REDUCER
VIrving' B.> Miller, Chicago, Ill., assigner of . one
half to vStefan Gross, and one-half toHerman
J , Blackman, both of Chicago,.lll.
Application November 29, leiafserial‘No. 512,205
6 claims.
(c1. 2-1s3>
l
1
2
This invention relates to hat size reducers, and
more particularly to such reducers as may be Ain
corporated in a hat either as a permanent part
of the hat or as a part which may be readily
put into or removed from the hat, and vwhich
.
bottom of a hat embodying the present inven
tion;
'
Figure 2 is a` perspective view of _a ,hat sweat
band with a strip of hat reducer secured thereto;
Figure 3 is a top view of a hat reducer strip;
Figure 4 is a front view of ahat reducer strip;
will enable the changing of the size of the hat.
Figure 5r is a perspective View of part of the
In accordance with the preferred. embodiment
hat reducer strip of Figure 4 folded Valong the line
of the present invention the hat reducer com
of fold;
"
prises a strip of `material arranged so that it may
Figure 6 is a fragmentary sectional _View of a
have one or more folds vfo'rmed’therein and which 10
hat in which the hat reducer of Figure 2 is in
folds remain in the position in which they are
placed. This strip may be placed in the hat
Figure 'l is a fragmentary sectional viewcor
between the sweat band and> thebody of the hat,
responding to Figure «6 land illustrating the man
either at the front of the hat, the rear of the
hat, the sides-of' the hat, or any combinations 15 ner of folding the hat reducer to reduce the ef
fective size of thek hat in which the reducer is in
of those places. If the stripl is then folded one
corporated;
or more times the net eiîective thickness >of the
inserted strip is increased and the effective size
corporated;
.
-
`
Figure 8 is a fragmentaryperspective View of
amodifled form of reducer; and
of the hat is correspondingly decreased. The ma
terial used is preferably fur felt which, as above 20 Figure 9‘is a fragmentary perspective view of
still another form of reducer.
Reference may now be had more particularly
to Figurel. In this ligure a hat is indicatedin
The ,preferred arrangement for facilitating
general by the reference numeral I. This hat is
folding of the strip consists of forming thestrip
of two or more lengthwise extending pieces abut 25 the usual type of soft felt hat the body of which
l stated,‘is so constructed as to facilitate forma
tion of a fold therein.
ting .edge .toedge and securedtogether by arow
of zigzag stitching. The strips normally lie in the
same plane but due to the inherent >iiexibility of
the material the composite strip maybe folded
along the line ofthe stitching so that one strip
is superimposed upon the other. If desired the
hat reducer may consist of three or more length
wise abutting strips, each stripbeing'secured to
the adjacent strip by a row of stitching. By this ~~
arrangement a series of folds may be formed,
is inade'of fur felt.v The hat includesa brimv 2,
a -‘crown portion 3' and a sweat band 4, of thin
flexible leather, as is usual yin men’s hats. The
sweat band may have a rattan reed E sewed to
the lower edge thereof by a line of stitching 1,
asis usual in one type of hat sweat band. A hat
reducer strip I0 is Vsewed to the reed 6 as by a line
of stitching I l. In this linstance thehat reducer
is Ylocated at the part of the sweat band which is
to .be at the" forehead of the wearer. It may, how
ever, be secured'in place at any other part of the
each fold increasing the net effective thickness
sweat bandas, for instance, at thepart of the
of the strip. `The strip is preferably skived or
band whichis: at the sides or at the back of the
beveled at its transverse edges so that the diminu
head 'of the wearer. ’
Y
v tion in size, which is brought about by the strip, 40
The hat size reducer strip Ill, illustrated more
is gradual at the commencement of the strip.
fully in Figures 3 ,and 4; consists of a strip of iiex
As previously stated, the strip may be entirely
ible material, such as fur felt”, which isthe same
separate from the hat or it may be sewed into
material as that of which the body ofthe hat is
the hat. When it is sewed into the Ahat it is pref
made, although the reducer Il) may be made of
erably sewed to the sweat band or to the usual 45 any other flexible material.> The reducer I0 is
rattan reed that is sewed to the sweat band, or
flexible and alsok has perspiration absorbing char
the hat reducer may, if desired, be sewed by
acteristics. The strip l 0 is in effect'formed'of two
stitching directly to the body of the hat.
separate strips, indicated fat i2 and I3, that are
The attainment of the above and further ob
placed inabutting relationship and stitched to
jects of the present invention will be apparent ' gethcr by a rowof zigzag stitching i4. 'I‘his pro
from the following speciñcation taken in con-s
vides a line’of fold l5 along which the strip i3
junction with the accompanying drawing forming
may be :folded vforward or backward over the
strip I 2, the material being'of suiiìcientflexibility
topallow foldingof the strip ki3 to lie flat over
Figure 1 is aperspective view, looking întothe 55 either of theV two, .opposite faces of the strip i2.
apart thereof.
In the drawing:
~ »
.
y
2,406,700
3
The line I5, which is the line of severance of the
strips I2-I3, constitutes a weakened line extend
ing longitudinally along the strip lil, which
weakened line is a line of fold.
At its opposite
4
length of strip being tapered or skived as illus
trated in Figure 3. If desired the hat reducer
strips of Figures 5, 8 and 9 are made of a con
tinuous length which is dispensed to hat users
lateral edges IIì-I'I the strip Il! is tapered or
who then cut off pieces of the required length
beveled, as indicated at Iii-I8. The taper may
b_e at one or both surfaces of the strip, it being
sufficient that the edges IB and I'I are tapered to
and skive or bevel the individual pieces. While
I have shown the strips I3 as being of a width of
half the width of the strip I2, it is within the
a line, for a purpose which will be apparent as
purview of the present invention to make the
10 strips I2 and I3 of the same widths.
When a hat reducer such as is above described
When the sweat band of Figure 2 is incorpo
is used in a hat it allows a considerable range
rated in a hat it is secured in place by a line of
this description proceeds.
of size reduction. In addition, the hat reducer
stitching 20 which passes through the body of
strip being made of material which absorbs per
the hat and through the'folded lower edge of
the reed 8 that projects below the bottom of the 15 spiration will prevent the passageway of perspi
ration from the wearer of the hat to the outside
leather band 4 by a slight amount, an amount
of the hat and thus prevent the unsightly per
merely suñicient to receive the stitching 20. This
stitching is generally concealed by the lower part
spiration stains that are sometimes seen on hats.
of the usual hat band 2l. When the reducer Ill
is in place, as illustrated in Figure 6, it reduces
the effective size ofthe hat by a small amount.
If it is desired to increase the amount of reduc
tion of the hat size it is merely necessary to fold
the sweat band 4 momentarily out of place and
then fold the upper strip I3 of the reducer Ill
along the line of fold I5, to a position illustrated
It is apparent from the above description that
the present invention is applicable not only to
fur felt hats but also to other types of hats, in
cluding even straw hats, caps, and the like, and
that the above invention is applicable not only
to men’s hats but also to women’s hats.
In compliance with the requirements of the
patent statutes I have here shown and described
a few preferred embodimentsV of the present in
in Figure 7 . When this is done the net effective
vention. It is, however, to be understood that
thickness of the hat reducer is doubled, thereby
the invention is not limited to the precise con
increasing the amount of the reduction of the
30 structions here shown, the same being merely il
size of the hat.
lustrative of the principles of the invention.
If desired the hat reducing strip I0 need not
What is considered new and desired to be secured
be sewed in place in the hat. It may be posi
by Letters Patent is:
tioned therein between the sweat band and the
1. In a hat, a sweat band, a hat size reducer
crown of the hat without being sewed in place.
Such a strip I9 may be positioned in the hat at 35 between the sweat band and the body of the hat
said hat size reducer comprising a flexible-strip
any place where necessary. Thus if the oval of
of substantial thickness having a longitudinally
the hat opening is too long the strip may be
>extending weakened line of fold, said weakened
positioned at the forward and rear parts of the
line comprising a line of physical separation of
hat opening. If the opening is not too long but
the strip into two separate abutting non-overlap
is too wide, then strips such as the strip I0 would
ping parts and a hinge connection between the
be positioned in the hat to be on opposite sides of
parts, the lower part being secured tothe hat
the head of the wearer, rather than the front
and the upper part being free for folding and
and rear of the head. The strip may be posi
unfolding at said hinge, said hinge connection be
tioned in place whether the sweat band is or is not '
ing a series of stitches securing the two strip
provided with a reed, such as the reed 6.
parts together, whereby upon folding of the strip
The purpose of the tapered beveled edges I8
_ along its line of fold the strip remains folded and
is to prevent an abrupt bulge of the sweat band 4
the net effective thickness of the strip is increased.
at the parts of the sweat band where the edges
2. In a hat,va sweat band, a hat size reducer
of the hat reducer are located. `
between the sweat band and theA body of the hat
Figure 8 illustrates a fragmentary portion of a
vsaid hat size reducer comprising a flexible strip
modified form of hat size reducer. This hat re
of substantial thickness beveled at its lateral
ducer differs from that of Figure ‘l` in that it has
edges and having a longitudinally extending
an additional strip 25 of the same width as the
weakened line of fold, said weakened line com
strip I3 secured to the outer edge of the strip I3.
prising a line of physical separation of the strip
The strip of Figure 8 may be folded in one direc
into two separate parts and a hinge connection
tion along the line of fold I5 and then again,
between the parts, the lower part being secured
optionally, in the opposite direction along the line
to the hat andthe upper part being free for
of fold I5’. By this arrangement it is possible to
' folding and unfoldingat said hinge, said hinge
produce a double layer if the strip is folded only
once, or a triple layer, if the strip is folded twice, 60 connection being a series of stitches securing the
two strip parts together, whereby upon folding
thereby allowing a greater range of amount of
of the strip along its line of fold the strip re
hat reduction possible with a strip such as shown
mains folded and the net _effective thickness of
in Figure 8.
`
the strip is increased, said strip extending around
In Figure 9 there is shown still another em
only a fractional part of thecircumference of
bodiment of the present invention wherein the
the sweat band whereby the beveled lateral edges
strip I2 has two strips I3-I 3 secured thereto, one
of the strip prevent a sharp bend in the sweat
at each of the two opposite longitudinal edges
band at the lateral edges of the strip.
of the strip I2. Either one or both of the strips
3. A hat size reducer comprising a flexible strip
I3 may be folded over the face I2. They may
of material of substantial thickness having a plu
both be folded over the same face of the strip
I2 or may be folded in opposite directions to over
rality of parallel longitudinally extending weak
lie opposite faces of the strip I`2,'as desired.
The hat reducer strips of the present invention
ened lines of fold, said weakened lines compris
ing lines of physical separation of the strip into
may be made in any suitable lengths for posi
tioning in hats, the opposite lateral edges of each
separate parts and hinge connections between the
successive parts, the parts being all of the same
2,406,700
5
6
into separate parts and a hinge connection be
stitches securing the adjacent strip parts together,
tween the parts, said hinge connection being a
whereby upon folding of the strip along a line of
series of stitches securing the two strip parts to
gether, whereby upon folding of the strip along
fold the strip remains folded and the net eîec
5 its line of fold the strip remains folded and the
tive thickness of the strip is increased.
’ 4. A hat size reducer comprising a strip of felt
net effective thickness of the strip is increased,
the lower part of the strip being secured in the
of substantial thickness lbeveled at its lateral
edges and having at least one longitudinally ex
hat and the upperI part being free for folding on
tending weakened line of fold, said weakened line
the line of fold.
comprising a line of physical separation of the
6. A hat having a sweat band, a reed between
strip into two separate abutting non-overlapping
the band and the body of the hat and sewed to
parts and a hinge connection between the parts,
both the band and the body of the hat, and a
hat size reducer sewed to the reed, said reducer
the parts being all of the same material, said
material, each hinge connection being a series of
being a strip substantially narrower than the
sweat band and of substantial thickness and hav
ing a longitudinally extending weakened line of
fold, said weakened line comprising a line of
physical separation of the strip into separate
the strip is increased.
"
parts and a hinge connection between the parts,
5. A hat having a sweat band and a hat size
reducer between the sweat band and the body 20 said hinge connection being a series of stitches
securing the two strip parts together, whereby
of the hat, said reducer being a strip of substan
upon folding of the strip along its line of fold
tial thickness beveled at its lateral edges and
having at least one longitudinally extending
the strip remains folded and the net eiîective f
thickness of the strip is increased.
weakened line of fold, said weakened line com
IRVING B. MILLER.
prising a line of physical separation of the strip 25
hinge connection being a series of stitches secur
ing the two strip parts together, whereby upon
folding of the strip along its line of fold the strip
remains folded and the net effective thickness of
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