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Патент USA US2406701

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Aug. 27, 1946.
l. B. MILLER
HAT SIZE REDUCER
2,406,701
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Filed Feb. 14, 1945
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Patented Aug. 27_, 1946
2,406,701
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,_ PATENT- ’ OFFICE}
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~2,406,7071_
' V I HAT SIZE REDUCER
)1 fIrving B. ‘Miller, Chicago, Ill.,‘assign0r to Herman
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J. Blackmran, Chicago, Ill.
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’ , "Application “that 14, 1945, Serial No. 517,744
:4 ‘Claims. (01. 2-5133)
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inventionférelatesto hat: ‘size'redqeérs ‘of ’ front‘, 'or‘vice versa. It is one ‘of the objects of
the type which/i may be incorporated in a hat v the present'invention to provide Iahat' size reduc
or strip wherein by the use of lavsingle stripe; ‘dif
either as a permanent part thereof when the hat‘
ferent amount of size r'eductionmay be e?ected
is‘_'pr'iginal1y constructed, ‘v oigwhich may be read
eat one portion of the hat than at another;
put ‘into 'or removed from a hat; and'lwhich
enable the changing or the effective sizeof
T '
'It is‘a still further object of the present'inven
tion" to provide a hat size reducing strip compris
"théhétl.
It ‘has heretofore
V, vbeen
,5; .. if.
proposed to‘ provide‘ a
ing a comparatively thickbody of material ‘held
one backing of muslin or other very'thin fabric.
hat size reducer for use with ahatcf the type
that ‘has a‘ sweat band; ’ said reducer f'compns'mg ,10 The lineofrweakening may consist of ‘azcut ex
tending‘ through the’vthijck layer‘ but notpene
trating the, muslin'backing, which muslin'back
'a'fs'trip“ of substantial?thickness'whichhiay-loe'in- '
troduced ‘between’, ‘the hat ‘sweat ‘bandandjthe
ing thenl'con'stitutes a'hin'g for the reducer strip.
rest ‘of thebody 'Qf" the~ hat’, "and which strip is er‘
It is a still furtherlobject 'of the ‘present inven
' ranged ‘so that“ itinay'be, folded alongalongi
tion to: provide a reducerstrip which may ‘be
tudinal line of fold, which is; in a directionf'cirs
cumferentially‘of gthe'l'i'at, thereby to increase the
‘effective 'thic’knessjof the sweat‘ band and effect
made‘of a synthetic plastic that has a‘ sufficient
‘amount ‘of, ‘resiliency so that it may be shaped _
by vthe ?ngers of the‘ hand to the desired curva
ture, and has a, su?icient amount of stiffness so
an "increase or diminutionof the head'opcnirig of
the ‘hat. It is with such‘ sweat‘ bands‘anu' hats
~ that the present invention is concerned. "
20
‘It is an‘object‘ of the present inventionto pro-v
‘vide‘a hat size vreducer strip‘ which isso con
that it will retain its shape but su?iciently’?ex
ible'that it will alter its shape to conform to the
particular head contour of the wearer of the hat
‘in which the strip has been placed.
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structed that it may be inserted into'the hat in
The attainment of the above and further ob
an unfolded position‘ to efiect‘one hat size reduc
tion, and maybe folded to ‘provide ‘a greater hat 25 jects of the present invention will be apparent
from the following speci?cation taken in con
sizefreduction,‘ and which strip is so constructed
- as to'c?ect a‘minimum distortion of the sweat
band."
"
"
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It is a further. object of the'pr‘es‘ent' invention
to provide a hat size reducer strip whichhas a
longitudinally extending weakened line consti
tuting 'a ‘line 'of fold; and ‘which ‘such strip ‘is
‘economical
of
manufacture;
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junction with theaccompanying drawingv form
‘ing a part thereof.‘
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f '_ vIn ‘my' prior ‘application; Serial No. 512,205‘,
filedv November 29;”1943, to which reference "may
~beha'd; Ishowa 'fol‘dable hat size reducer'strip '
‘consisting pof‘twoior more pieces of material sewed
together by‘ ‘a ‘line of stitching'jwhich constitutes
In
the
It is - »'
an objector the‘presen't invention to provide a
hat'size reducer'whichr consists of one integral
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Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional, View
through a hat in which the hat size reducer‘of
the present invention has been incorporated; v
V Figure 2 is a perspective view of a hat size're
ducer embodying the present invention;
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_‘ Figure 3 is a'transverse sectional view of the
reducer illustrated in Figure 2;
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Figure 4 is a view corresponding‘ to Figure 2
and illustrating the reducer in its folded condi—
‘a'hin'ge; ri‘his is acomparatively'expensive strip,
tion;
because- of" the expense" of‘accurate‘ly stitching 40 ’ Figure
two "piecesto-gether' by‘a'hinge stitching.
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drawing:
ure 4;
5 is a transverse sectional view of Fig
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‘ Figure 6 is a front view of another form of hat
" size reducer;
Figure 7‘ is a transverse sectional view of the
‘strip and'wherein- the weakened ‘line of fold is
formedby a line of‘cut extending longitudinally :45 reducer of Figure 6; and I r
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of the strip almost but not quite entirely through
Figure-8 is aperspective view of still another
‘hat size reducer. '
the strip. It is a"‘further object'of the ‘present
Reference may now be had more particularly
invention to provide such ‘a strip wherein~the
to Figure 1. In this ?gure a hat is indicated in
weakened line of fold is made by-fonning'inthe
strip ‘a. longitudinally» extending concave vdepres 50 general by the reference numeral i. This hat is
the usual type of soft felt men's hat, the body
sion‘so'that uponfoldingfof the-strip the line 0
fold presents a skivedf‘or' tapered edges->7 '
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" In'reducing'the size of a hat to ?t alparticular‘
of which is made of fur felt. The hat includes
a brim 2, and crown portion 3,'and‘a sweat band
4 of thin ?exible leather, as is usual'in men’s
wearer it is sometimesfnecessary to e?ecta ‘great
vc‘r'reduction onthe‘ sides vof the'hat than at'the ,55 vhats; The sweat band is secured to the rest'of
2,406,701
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the hat by a line of stitching extending along the
bottom of the sweat band, the top of said band
the sweat band due to the interposed hat size
reducer strip.
Figures 6 and 7 illustrate a strip of a shape
being free of connection with the hat. Two sep
arate hat size reducers, of the type hereinabove
substantially the same as that of the strip of
described, are positioned in the hat.
One of the
Figures 2 and 3 and adapted to the same use as
reducers, indicated at 1, is at the front of the
hat and may extend through approximately 90°,
more or less, of the hat periphery. The top por
ures 6 and 7 differs from that of Figures 2 and 3
the strip of Figures 2 and 3. The strip of Fig
in that here the strip instead of being. made of
fur‘ felt consists of a ground cork body 23 sup
tion of the hat size reducer strip 1' is folded down
wardly, as indicated at 8, so that at this down 10 ported on a thin loose mesh muslin fabric 24
which extends over the entire area of the back
wardly folded portion the hat size reducer is ofv
of the strip. The muslin backing serves to hold
twice the thickness as it is at the lower portion
the cork body together notwithstanding the ?ex
of the reducer. The hat may, optionally, have
ing of the same. The line of cut 2| extends al
an additional hat size reducer strip, indicated
at 10, located at the rear of the hat and: extend- 15 most entirely through the cork body but does not
extend to the muslin backing 24, so that the
ing through 90°, more or less, of the hat periph
muslin backing acts as a hinge. If the top part
cry. The strip ii! is of the same construction _
8 of the strip of Figures 6 and '7 is folded back
as is the strip‘! and may be of a greater or
war'dly, the cork will break along the line of cut
lesser length than the strip]. In the case of
2| but the muslin backing 24 will hold the upper
the strip [0, it is illustrated as unfolded so that
and lower pieces‘ of cork together as an integral
the reduction in hat size is greater at the‘ front
strip.
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of the hat than at the back of the hat. The hat
Figure 8 ‘shows the present invention as ap
size reducer strip maybe located at the front of
plied to a strip of appreciably greater length than
the hat, the back" of the‘ hat, either side of the
the length of one-quarter of the hat sweat band.
hat or any combination of the above, and any
In this instance the hat size reducer strip, indi
"one or more of those strips may be folded down
cated by the reference numeral 30, is of a length
wardly, as indicated at 8 in Figure 1, to produce
which may be three-quarters of‘ the circumfer
a hat size reduction at a portion of the periphery
ence of the sweat band, or may be approximately
of the hat opening wherever needed, as deter
mined by the shape of the head of the wearer. ' 30 100% of the circumference of the sweat band.
The strip 30 has a weakened line of‘ fold ll ‘simi
The vhat size reducer strip fl is illustrated more
fully in Figures 2 and 3. ’ The strip may be
lar to and of the same shape'ras the weakened line
of fold I‘? of the strip of‘ Figures 2 and 3. In ad-v
formed- of any desired material such as, for in
dition, the top part of the strip 39 has a plu
stance, felt, or synthetic plastic. It is initially a
strip of uniform thickness. The top edge 52 is 35 rality of transversely extending lines of cut, in
a straight edge whereas the bottom edge I3 is
dicated at 3| and 32. These lines of cut extend
through the entire thickness of the strip and
> preferably round so that the strip is of maximum
extend from the top edge down to but not be
width at approximately the center thereof and of
yond the center of the weakened lien of fold 11.
slightly diminishing width from the center to the
opposite ends. The round curved edge I3‘ is de ~10 While I have herein shown a strip having two
sirable in strips that are to be used at the front
outs 31-32, it is within the purview of the pres
ent‘ invention to provide a lesser or greater num
or back quarters of the hat. Such strips may also
be used at the side quarters, but it is preferable
ber of such cuts. As a result of the cuts 3l-—32
to provide for the side quarters a strip wherein
the‘t'o'p third of the strip 30 is divided into three
‘the bottom edge I3 is parallel with the top edge
parts‘, indicated by the reference numerals 3t,
l2‘. The strip 1 is of a length approximately equal
‘31' and 33. Any one or more of the parts 36
through 38 may be folded back to overlie the
to one-quarter, more or less, of the internal cir
back of the lower part of the hat- size reducing
cumference of the hat. The edges 15' and. it
of the strip are skived.
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strip.
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The hat size reducer of Figure 8 may be placed
in a hat with the center of ‘the hat size reducer
tending weakened line of fold ll which extends
substantially at the front of the hat so that the
parallel to the edge I2‘ and a distance below the
top edge l2 approximately equal to one-third of
hat size reducer extends'across the front and
both sides of the head of the wearer, it being
the maximum width of the strip ‘I. The weak
understood that the reducer is between the
ened line of fold consists in the removal of some
sweat bandv and the body of the hat. This gives
of the material of the strip 1 to form a longi
tudinally extending groove or depression "3
one size of hat reduction. If'it is desired to ef
fect a greater reduction at the sides of the hat
which is concave in the direction at right angles
than at the front of the hat then the parts 36
to the length of the strip, so that the material
is of a minimum thickness along the center of 60 and‘ 38' are folded‘ back while the part 37 is left
in an upstanding‘ position. If it is desired to
the weakened line I’! and tapers gradually to
effect a greater reduction at the front than at
the regular thickness of the material in a direc
the sides. of the hat, then the parts 36 and 38 are
tion across the face of the strip, as indicated by
not folded back whereas the part 31 is folded
the lines '29. If desired, and this is. optional,
there may be a cut 2| extending longitudinally 65 back.
As heretofore stated, the strip 36 may be of a
of the strip at the center of the weakened por
length approximately equal to the entire inside
tion l1, said out extending almost ‘but not quite
through the entire thickness of the strip.
circumference of therhat and may have more
When the strip '1 of Figures 2 and 3 is folded,
than two lines of cut, such as indicated at 3l->32.
as illustrated in Figures 4 and 5, the edges 26-29 70 This will- allow for selective reduction of the size
which extend longitudinally of the strip on op
of the hat at the front, at the back, at the left
posite sides thereof at the fold line form a taper
hand side and at the righthand side, or any
The strip is provided with a longitudinally ex
or skived portion.
50
This greatly reduces or en
combination of the above. _
tirely eliminates any tendency for the production ' ‘
of an unsightly bulge at the exposed surface of
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_ The hat size reducer- of the present invention
.may be sold as one continuous strip on a large
2,406,701
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roll from which the hat ?tter cuts off the re
quired length for each speci?c hat customer.
The ?tter of the hat may then, optionally, skive
through from one longitudinal edge thereof to
the deepest part of the groove to permit folding
of only a fractional part of the length of the
the opposite edges of the cut off strip, as indi
strip.
cated at l5 and It in Figure 2.
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In compliance with the requirements of the
3. A hat having a sweat band and a hat size
reducer between the band and the body of the
patent statutes I have here shown and described
hat, said reducer comprising an elongated ?ex
a few preferred embodiments of my invention.
ible strip of substantial width and thickness,
the strip being provided With a longitudinally
It is, however, to be understood that the inven
tion is not limited to the precise constructions 10 extending groove intermediate its longitudinal
here shown, the same being merely illustrative
edges, the groove tapering from its maximum
of the principles of the invention. What is con
depth to zero depth in a direction across the
sidered new and desired to be secured by Letters
strip, said strip having a longitudinally extend
Patent is:
ing cut at the deepest part of the groove and
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1. A hat size reducer comprising a unitary 15 extending only partially through the resulting
elongated ?exible strip of substantial width and
thickness of the strip, the groove and the cut
thickness, the strip being provided with a lon
constituting a weakened zone in the strip to
gitudinally extending groove intermediate its
longitudinal edges, the groove tapering from its
facilitate folding thereof along the deepest part
of the groove.
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maximum depth to zero depth in a direction 20
4. A hat having a sweat band and a hat size
across the strip, the groove constituting a weak
reducer between the band and the body of the
ened zone in the strip to facilitate folding there
hat, said reducer comprising an elongated ?exible
of along the deepest part of the groove, the strip
strip of substantial width and thickness, the
strip being provided with a longitudinally ex
having at least one out extending entirely there
through from one longitudinal edge thereof to 25 tending groove intermediate its longitudinal
the deepest part of the groove to permitfolding
edges, the groove tapering from its maximum
depth to zero depth in a direction across the
of only a fractional part of the length of the
strip, said strip having a longitudinally extend
ing cut at the deepest part of the groove and
2. A hat size reducer comprising a‘unitary
elongated ?exible strip of substantial ,width and 30 extending only partially through the resulting
thickness, the strip being provided'with a lon
thickness of the strip, the groove and the cut
constituting a weakened zone in the strip to
gitudinally extending groove intermediate its
facilitate folding thereof along the deepest part
longitudinal edges, the groove tapering from its
' of the groove, the strip having at least one cut
maximum depth to zero depth in a direction
across the strip, the groove constituting a weak 35 extending entirely therethrough from one 1on
gitudinal edge thereof to the deepest part of the
ened zone in the strip to facilitate folding there
groove to permit folding of only a fractional
of along the deepest part of the groove, the strip
part of the length of the strip.
being also skived at its transverse edges, the strip
having at least one cut extending entirely‘there
IRVING B. MILLER.
strip.
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