Патент USA US2406701код для вставки
Aug. 27, 1946. l. B. MILLER HAT SIZE REDUCER 2,406,701 0 Filed Feb. 14, 1945 .ZfwzgliMZZ; Patented Aug. 27_, 1946 2,406,701 V. t i ii ,_ PATENT- ’ OFFICE} ' * * ~2,406,7071_ ' V I HAT SIZE REDUCER )1 fIrving B. ‘Miller, Chicago, Ill.,‘assign0r to Herman ' ‘ - ~ I J. Blackmran, Chicago, Ill. 7 ’ , "Application “that 14, 1945, Serial No. 517,744 :4 ‘Claims. (01. 2-5133) II It 2 , ' inventionférelatesto hat: ‘size'redqeérs ‘of ’ front‘, 'or‘vice versa. It is one ‘of the objects of the type which/i may be incorporated in a hat v the present'invention to provide Iahat' size reduc or strip wherein by the use of lavsingle stripe; ‘dif either as a permanent part thereof when the hat‘ ferent amount of size r'eductionmay be e?ected is‘_'pr'iginal1y constructed, ‘v oigwhich may be read eat one portion of the hat than at another; put ‘into 'or removed from a hat; and'lwhich enable the changing or the effective sizeof T ' 'It is‘a still further object of the present'inven tion" to provide a hat size reducing strip compris "théhétl. It ‘has heretofore V, vbeen ,5; .. if. proposed to‘ provide‘ a ing a comparatively thickbody of material ‘held one backing of muslin or other very'thin fabric. hat size reducer for use with ahatcf the type that ‘has a‘ sweat band; ’ said reducer f'compns'mg ,10 The lineofrweakening may consist of ‘azcut ex tending‘ through the’vthijck layer‘ but notpene trating the, muslin'backing, which muslin'back 'a'fs'trip“ of substantial?thickness'whichhiay-loe'in- ' troduced ‘between’, ‘the hat ‘sweat ‘bandandjthe ing thenl'con'stitutes a'hin'g for the reducer strip. rest ‘of thebody 'Qf" the~ hat’, "and which strip is er‘ It is a still furtherlobject 'of the ‘present inven ' ranged ‘so that“ itinay'be, folded alongalongi tion to: provide a reducerstrip which may ‘be tudinal line of fold, which is; in a directionf'cirs cumferentially‘of gthe'l'i'at, thereby to increase the ‘effective 'thic’knessjof the sweat‘ band and effect made‘of a synthetic plastic that has a‘ sufficient ‘amount ‘of, ‘resiliency so that it may be shaped _ by vthe ?ngers of the‘ hand to the desired curva ture, and has a, su?icient amount of stiffness so an "increase or diminutionof the head'opcnirig of the ‘hat. It is with such‘ sweat‘ bands‘anu' hats ~ that the present invention is concerned. " 20 ‘It is an‘object‘ of the present inventionto pro-v ‘vide‘a hat size vreducer strip‘ which isso con that it will retain its shape but su?iciently’?ex ible'that it will alter its shape to conform to the particular head contour of the wearer of the hat ‘in which the strip has been placed. ‘ ' ' structed that it may be inserted into'the hat in The attainment of the above and further ob an unfolded position‘ to efiect‘one hat size reduc tion, and maybe folded to ‘provide ‘a greater hat 25 jects of the present invention will be apparent from the following speci?cation taken in con sizefreduction,‘ and which strip is so constructed - as to'c?ect a‘minimum distortion of the sweat band." " " _ It is a further. object of the'pr‘es‘ent' invention to provide a hat size reducer strip whichhas a longitudinally extending weakened line consti tuting 'a ‘line 'of fold; and ‘which ‘such strip ‘is ‘economical of manufacture; " " " ' junction with theaccompanying drawingv form ‘ing a part thereof.‘ c “ ' ‘ f f '_ vIn ‘my' prior ‘application; Serial No. 512,205‘, filedv November 29;”1943, to which reference "may ~beha'd; Ishowa 'fol‘dable hat size reducer'strip ' ‘consisting pof‘twoior more pieces of material sewed together by‘ ‘a ‘line of stitching'jwhich constitutes In the It is - »' an objector the‘presen't invention to provide a hat'size reducer'whichr consists of one integral ' I ‘ ' ' ‘ I Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional, View through a hat in which the hat size reducer‘of the present invention has been incorporated; v V Figure 2 is a perspective view of a hat size're ducer embodying the present invention; ' _‘ Figure 3 is a'transverse sectional view of the reducer illustrated in Figure 2; ' Figure 4 is a view corresponding‘ to Figure 2 and illustrating the reducer in its folded condi— ‘a'hin'ge; ri‘his is acomparatively'expensive strip, tion; because- of" the expense" of‘accurate‘ly stitching 40 ’ Figure two "piecesto-gether' by‘a'hinge stitching. ' drawing: ure 4; 5 is a transverse sectional view of Fig ' ‘ ~ ‘ Figure 6 is a front view of another form of hat " size reducer; Figure 7‘ is a transverse sectional view of the ‘strip and'wherein- the weakened ‘line of fold is formedby a line of‘cut extending longitudinally :45 reducer of Figure 6; and I r v‘; -~ 1 of the strip almost but not quite entirely through Figure-8 is aperspective view of still another ‘hat size reducer. ' the strip. It is a"‘further object'of the ‘present Reference may now be had more particularly invention to provide such ‘a strip wherein~the to Figure 1. In this ?gure a hat is indicated in weakened line of fold is made by-fonning'inthe strip ‘a. longitudinally» extending concave vdepres 50 general by the reference numeral i. This hat is the usual type of soft felt men's hat, the body sion‘so'that uponfoldingfof the-strip the line 0 fold presents a skivedf‘or' tapered edges->7 ' ' " In'reducing'the size of a hat to ?t alparticular‘ of which is made of fur felt. The hat includes a brim 2, and crown portion 3,'and‘a sweat band 4 of thin ?exible leather, as is usual'in men’s wearer it is sometimesfnecessary to e?ecta ‘great vc‘r'reduction onthe‘ sides vof the'hat than at'the ,55 vhats; The sweat band is secured to the rest'of 2,406,701 3 4 the hat by a line of stitching extending along the bottom of the sweat band, the top of said band the sweat band due to the interposed hat size reducer strip. Figures 6 and 7 illustrate a strip of a shape being free of connection with the hat. Two sep arate hat size reducers, of the type hereinabove substantially the same as that of the strip of described, are positioned in the hat. One of the Figures 2 and 3 and adapted to the same use as reducers, indicated at 1, is at the front of the hat and may extend through approximately 90°, more or less, of the hat periphery. The top por ures 6 and 7 differs from that of Figures 2 and 3 the strip of Figures 2 and 3. The strip of Fig in that here the strip instead of being. made of fur‘ felt consists of a ground cork body 23 sup tion of the hat size reducer strip 1' is folded down wardly, as indicated at 8, so that at this down 10 ported on a thin loose mesh muslin fabric 24 which extends over the entire area of the back wardly folded portion the hat size reducer is ofv of the strip. The muslin backing serves to hold twice the thickness as it is at the lower portion the cork body together notwithstanding the ?ex of the reducer. The hat may, optionally, have ing of the same. The line of cut 2| extends al an additional hat size reducer strip, indicated at 10, located at the rear of the hat and: extend- 15 most entirely through the cork body but does not extend to the muslin backing 24, so that the ing through 90°, more or less, of the hat periph muslin backing acts as a hinge. If the top part cry. The strip ii! is of the same construction _ 8 of the strip of Figures 6 and '7 is folded back as is the strip‘! and may be of a greater or war'dly, the cork will break along the line of cut lesser length than the strip]. In the case of 2| but the muslin backing 24 will hold the upper the strip [0, it is illustrated as unfolded so that and lower pieces‘ of cork together as an integral the reduction in hat size is greater at the‘ front strip. ‘ ' of the hat than at the back of the hat. The hat Figure 8 ‘shows the present invention as ap size reducer strip maybe located at the front of plied to a strip of appreciably greater length than the hat, the back" of the‘ hat, either side of the the length of one-quarter of the hat sweat band. hat or any combination of the above, and any In this instance the hat size reducer strip, indi "one or more of those strips may be folded down cated by the reference numeral 30, is of a length wardly, as indicated at 8 in Figure 1, to produce which may be three-quarters of‘ the circumfer a hat size reduction at a portion of the periphery ence of the sweat band, or may be approximately of the hat opening wherever needed, as deter mined by the shape of the head of the wearer. ' 30 100% of the circumference of the sweat band. The strip 30 has a weakened line of‘ fold ll ‘simi The vhat size reducer strip fl is illustrated more fully in Figures 2 and 3. ’ The strip may be lar to and of the same shape'ras the weakened line of fold I‘? of the strip of‘ Figures 2 and 3. In ad-v formed- of any desired material such as, for in dition, the top part of the strip 39 has a plu stance, felt, or synthetic plastic. It is initially a strip of uniform thickness. The top edge 52 is 35 rality of transversely extending lines of cut, in a straight edge whereas the bottom edge I3 is dicated at 3| and 32. These lines of cut extend through the entire thickness of the strip and > preferably round so that the strip is of maximum extend from the top edge down to but not be width at approximately the center thereof and of yond the center of the weakened lien of fold 11. slightly diminishing width from the center to the opposite ends. The round curved edge I3‘ is de ~10 While I have herein shown a strip having two sirable in strips that are to be used at the front outs 31-32, it is within the purview of the pres ent‘ invention to provide a lesser or greater num or back quarters of the hat. Such strips may also be used at the side quarters, but it is preferable ber of such cuts. As a result of the cuts 3l-—32 to provide for the side quarters a strip wherein the‘t'o'p third of the strip 30 is divided into three ‘the bottom edge I3 is parallel with the top edge parts‘, indicated by the reference numerals 3t, l2‘. The strip 1 is of a length approximately equal ‘31' and 33. Any one or more of the parts 36 through 38 may be folded back to overlie the to one-quarter, more or less, of the internal cir back of the lower part of the hat- size reducing cumference of the hat. The edges 15' and. it of the strip are skived. I strip. > a The hat size reducer of Figure 8 may be placed in a hat with the center of ‘the hat size reducer tending weakened line of fold ll which extends substantially at the front of the hat so that the parallel to the edge I2‘ and a distance below the top edge l2 approximately equal to one-third of hat size reducer extends'across the front and both sides of the head of the wearer, it being the maximum width of the strip ‘I. The weak understood that the reducer is between the ened line of fold consists in the removal of some sweat bandv and the body of the hat. This gives of the material of the strip 1 to form a longi tudinally extending groove or depression "3 one size of hat reduction. If'it is desired to ef fect a greater reduction at the sides of the hat which is concave in the direction at right angles than at the front of the hat then the parts 36 to the length of the strip, so that the material is of a minimum thickness along the center of 60 and‘ 38' are folded‘ back while the part 37 is left in an upstanding‘ position. If it is desired to the weakened line I’! and tapers gradually to effect a greater reduction at the front than at the regular thickness of the material in a direc the sides. of the hat, then the parts 36 and 38 are tion across the face of the strip, as indicated by not folded back whereas the part 31 is folded the lines '29. If desired, and this is. optional, there may be a cut 2| extending longitudinally 65 back. As heretofore stated, the strip 36 may be of a of the strip at the center of the weakened por length approximately equal to the entire inside tion l1, said out extending almost ‘but not quite through the entire thickness of the strip. circumference of therhat and may have more When the strip '1 of Figures 2 and 3 is folded, than two lines of cut, such as indicated at 3l->32. as illustrated in Figures 4 and 5, the edges 26-29 70 This will- allow for selective reduction of the size which extend longitudinally of the strip on op of the hat at the front, at the back, at the left posite sides thereof at the fold line form a taper hand side and at the righthand side, or any The strip is provided with a longitudinally ex or skived portion. 50 This greatly reduces or en combination of the above. _ tirely eliminates any tendency for the production ' ‘ of an unsightly bulge at the exposed surface of 75 > '_ _ _ _ The hat size reducer- of the present invention .may be sold as one continuous strip on a large 2,406,701 6 roll from which the hat ?tter cuts off the re quired length for each speci?c hat customer. The ?tter of the hat may then, optionally, skive through from one longitudinal edge thereof to the deepest part of the groove to permit folding of only a fractional part of the length of the the opposite edges of the cut off strip, as indi strip. cated at l5 and It in Figure 2. r v In compliance with the requirements of the 3. A hat having a sweat band and a hat size reducer between the band and the body of the patent statutes I have here shown and described hat, said reducer comprising an elongated ?ex a few preferred embodiments of my invention. ible strip of substantial width and thickness, the strip being provided With a longitudinally It is, however, to be understood that the inven tion is not limited to the precise constructions 10 extending groove intermediate its longitudinal here shown, the same being merely illustrative edges, the groove tapering from its maximum of the principles of the invention. What is con depth to zero depth in a direction across the sidered new and desired to be secured by Letters strip, said strip having a longitudinally extend Patent is: ing cut at the deepest part of the groove and ' 1. A hat size reducer comprising a unitary 15 extending only partially through the resulting elongated ?exible strip of substantial width and thickness of the strip, the groove and the cut thickness, the strip being provided with a lon constituting a weakened zone in the strip to gitudinally extending groove intermediate its longitudinal edges, the groove tapering from its facilitate folding thereof along the deepest part of the groove. ' maximum depth to zero depth in a direction 20 4. A hat having a sweat band and a hat size across the strip, the groove constituting a weak reducer between the band and the body of the ened zone in the strip to facilitate folding there hat, said reducer comprising an elongated ?exible of along the deepest part of the groove, the strip strip of substantial width and thickness, the strip being provided with a longitudinally ex having at least one out extending entirely there through from one longitudinal edge thereof to 25 tending groove intermediate its longitudinal the deepest part of the groove to permitfolding edges, the groove tapering from its maximum depth to zero depth in a direction across the of only a fractional part of the length of the strip, said strip having a longitudinally extend ing cut at the deepest part of the groove and 2. A hat size reducer comprising a‘unitary elongated ?exible strip of substantial ,width and 30 extending only partially through the resulting thickness, the strip being provided'with a lon thickness of the strip, the groove and the cut constituting a weakened zone in the strip to gitudinally extending groove intermediate its facilitate folding thereof along the deepest part longitudinal edges, the groove tapering from its ' of the groove, the strip having at least one cut maximum depth to zero depth in a direction across the strip, the groove constituting a weak 35 extending entirely therethrough from one 1on gitudinal edge thereof to the deepest part of the ened zone in the strip to facilitate folding there groove to permit folding of only a fractional of along the deepest part of the groove, the strip part of the length of the strip. being also skived at its transverse edges, the strip having at least one cut extending entirely‘there IRVING B. MILLER. strip. , v .