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Патент USA US2406933

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Sept-3,1946.
J.J.WHAR‘AM Em
‘
2,406,933
CROSS SHAFT MOUNTING
Filed March 16, 1945
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Patented Sept. 3, 1946
2,406,933
it UNITED‘ STATES PATENT OFFICE
CROSS ' SHAFT ‘MOUNTING
John ‘J. Wharam and Charles P. Pinardi, Dear
born, Miohsassignors to Ford-Motor Company,
,‘Dearborn, .Mich., a corporation of Delaware
Application March .16, 19,45,‘Ser_ial ‘No, 583,101‘
13 Claims.
1
This invention'relates to the construction of
motor ‘vehicles; and, more particularly, to the
trunnion or cross shaft mountings for the clutch
and brake pedals and the arrangement of the
clutch and brake operating means therewith.
The purpose of this invention is to devise an
(01. 180-477‘)
‘ll
having an 1X member H, and the front oblique
‘member 1-2. "In addition, an auxiliary frame
"member I3, is permanently attached at its rear
end-to ‘the X ‘member 1 l , as by welding and runs
substantially ‘longitudinally forwardly ‘therefrom
to ‘an intersection with the inwardly curving for
ward portion of the side member It, to which its
improved mounting means for the trunnions or
cross shafton whichthe clutch and brake pedals
front end is secured. As shown in Figure 2’, the
‘of a motor vehicle are rotatably mounted with
auxiliarymember-l? is a‘ modi?ed channel shape
respect to the frame. Another object is to pro-. 10 with itsweb “40 disposed vertically. Secured 'to it
Vide an improved mounting for the brake and
is the trunnion or cross shaft imounting ill, sup
‘clutch'operating means activated by these pedals
porting the cross shaft I 5, on which are irotatably
and integrating the construction so formed with
mounted the clutch pedal ‘I [Land-the brake pedal
the frame of the‘vehicle itself. An advantage of
ll’. These ‘pedals have major arms‘ rs and .19,
thepresent ‘inventionlies in the fact that it af 15 respectively, which :extend forwardly and up
fords an extremely economical and easily formed
wardly from the hubs 20 and 2| through the floor
*shaft mounting per se; and this mounting is par
board of the Vehicle terminating ‘inthe‘ usual ‘foot
ticularly adaptable to a speci?c ‘frame arrange
pad; and the shorter linkage arms22 and 23, to
ment in conjunction with a mechanism operated
which the ‘operating‘linkage is attached, also 'in
therefrom. Another advantage is that the shaft v20 -tegralwith the hubs 20 and '2 l.
mounting can be formed from thestampings and
The linkage referred to comprises a clutch link
readily assembled, forming units of superior
24, engaging the arm 25, on the clutch operating
"strength which are readily attachable to ‘the ‘ve
shaft '26. This latter‘s'ha‘ft is resiliently mounted
lhicle and Which furnish adequate‘support to the
on the ball joint .21, supported in the anchor ‘28
cross shafts. Still another-advantage of the con 25 mounted on the auxiliary frame member 1-3, and
struction ‘is that by providing an auxiliary longi
tudinally extending frame member in conjunc
"its inner end arm has the usual forked connec
tion which permits the operation of the clutch
without transmitting the vibrations of the re»
cross shaft and ‘the clutch operating means and
siliently supported engine to the frame. The
brake master cylinder may be mounted in ‘such 30 brake master ‘cylinder is shown at 29, also at
-a manner that the stresses imposed thereon (by
tached to the auxiliary frame member 13 on the
operation‘of the ‘pedalsare largely equalized. In
side opposite-the anchor 281f0r the clutchoperat
addition, the structure is greatly simpli?ed‘and
ing shaft; and is operated through the brake rod
.-a minimum of room is required for‘it.
30, leading from the linkage arm 23 associated
‘With these and other considerations in view,
with the ‘brake pedal. It will thus be noted that
the invention consists of the apparatus-described
both of these actuating means are mounted on
in the speci?cation, claimed in the claims and
auxiliary frame member l3, but on opposite sides
tion with the regular sill and X member, the
illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in
thereof.
.
vwhich:
‘Reference is now made to Figure 2 showing
Figure 1 is a partial plan view of the forward 40 the details of the anchor construction itself.
left-hand portion of an auto-mobile frame show
‘This comprises essentially ‘two bell-shaped
ing the improved shaft mounting and its ar
‘stamping-s :35! and :32. Each of these ‘has ".c‘ir
rangement with respect tothe components oper
cumferential outer flanges 33 and 34 and iii
ated therefrom, a section being taken through
wardly turned central ?anges as shown at 36 at
the auxiliary member substantially as indicated 4:5 the closed end of the bell.
by the line I-l of Figure 2, and an interme
I'i assembling the anchor, the bell 32 is pressed
diate part being omitted as indicated by the
on the cross shaft I5 to the position shown and
broken lines.
welded to it as by the bead 31 or alternatively
Figure 2 is a partial transverse section, on a
by spot-welding to the ?ange 36. The co-operat
larger scale, taken as indicated by the line 2-2
ing bell 34 is then pressed on the shaft l5 from
of Figure 1 showing the detailed construction of 5.0 the opposite end until the ?anges 33 and 34 are
the shaft mounting and its method of attachment
in contact. These flanges are then spot-welded
to the vehicle frame members.
together, as indicated in 38 to complete the
Referring to Figure 1, l0 indicates the side
mounting. It will be noted that the central ?anges
member or sill of the usual automobile frame
of each bell form an adequate support for the
2,406,933
3
4
The invention claimed is:
‘cross shaft which is further anchored in position
1. In a motor vehicle construction, a frame
comprising a side sill and an X member having
one end secured to said sill adjacent the forward
portion thereof, an auxiliary frame member hav
by being welded to at least one of them. More
over, the complete mounting is held together by
the welds through the outer ?anges. This pro
vides the complete mounting subassembly M for
ing its rear end secured to said X member and ex
application to the chassis. The preferred method
tending forwardly therefrom substantially par
of mounting this is by piercing an aperture 39 in
ellel with the longitudinal axis of said vehicle to
the web 40, of the frame member [3 somewhat
said sill and having its forward end secured there
larger than the bell portion of the mounting M.
The mounting is then inserted into the aperture 10 to, a cross shaft mounting secured to said aux
iliary frame member and having shaft portions
39 from one side until the outer ?ange 34 abuts
extending transversely ,on each side thereof, an
against it. The mounting I4 is then lined up and
anchorage for a clutch actuating cross shaft se~
bolted into position to the web 40 by the bolt 4|.
cured to one side of said auxiliary frame member,
a brake master cylinder secured to the other side
The washers 42 are then placed on the shaft ends
and the pedals l6 and I‘! installed on the respec
tive extending portions of the cross shaft [5 and
of said auxiliary frame member, operating pedals
mounted on said extending shaft portions, and
secured in place by the washer 35 and retaining
rings 43. The links 24 and 30 are then attached
linkage operatively connecting said pedals with
said clutch actuating shaft and said master brake
ating shaft and the brake master cylinder, which 20 cylinder.
between the arms 22 and 23 and the clutch oper
2. In a motor vehicle construction, a frame
are also bolted to the web 40 of the frame mem
comprising a side sill and an X member having
ber l3. The return springs 44, leading from the
one end secured to said sill adjacent the forward
pins 45 to the X‘ member II are installed, resil
portion thereof, an auxiliary frame member hav
iently urging the pedals to their normal position.
The principal advantage of the present con 25 ing its rear end secured to said X member and
extending forwardly therefrom substantially par
struction is that it provides an integrated shaft
allel with the longitudinal axis of said vehicle to
mounting which is readily constructed from two
said sill and having its forward end secured there
simple stampings and which can be readily ap
to, a cross shaft mounting secured to said aux
plied to the motor vehicle. The provision of an
auxiliary frame member supporting the shaft 30 iliary frame member and having shaft portions
extending transversely on each side thereof, an
mounting, as well as the clutch actuating shaft
anchorage for a clutch actuating cross shaft se
cured to one side of said auxiliary frame member
and the master brake cylinder, adds markedly to
the value of the device. It will be noted that the
steps required to fabricate the mounting are
simple and that this general type of a central
anchorage for the shaft simpli?es the installation
of the mounting. It also will be noted that by
mounting the actuated means, the clutch operat
ing shaft and the brake master‘ cylinder on the
same frame member on opposite sides thereof
forwardly of said mounting, a brake master cyl
inder secured to the other side of said auxiliary
frame member on the opposite side of said aux
iliary frame member forwardly of said anchorage
adjacent said sill, operating pedals mounted on
said extending shaft portions, and linkage opera
40 tively connecting said pedals with said clutch ac
tuating shaft and said brake master cylinder.
tends to equalize the forces imposed during such
3. In a motor vehicle construction, a longitu
periods when such forces are at a maximum as
When the clutch is disengaged and the brake is
applied. The frame, proper, is not crowded up
with individual mountings for the pedals, clutch
shaft and brake cylinder and the amount of ma
terial required for the installation is substantially
less, by weight, than that used in the more usual
types. At the same time it is possible to make use
of stampings rather than forgings, with a con
sequent economy. Further, the use of a single
frame member for support renders the compo
nents more accessible than when, as heretofore,
they-have been mounted indiscriminately on the
regular frame members or on separate cross mem
bers provided for that purpose.
dinal channel frame member substantially par
allel to the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, an
r opening in the Web of the channel and a shaft
mounted centrally in said opening and at right
angles thereto, said shaft being mounted in a
shaft mounting secured to the channel and com
prising a pair of substantially complementary
bell-shaped stampings provided with circumfer
entially extending ?anges disposed in face-to
face relationship and spot welded together, said
stampings having a central aperture formed in
the base of each and inturned flanges from said
i ‘:ases around said central aperture substantially
normal to said circumferential ?anges, said shaft
Some changes may be made in the arrange
ment, construction and combination of the vari
ous parts of the improved device without depart
ing from the spirit of the invention, and it is the 60
intention to cover by the claims, such changes as
may reasonably be included within the scope
thereof.
being supported by said central ?anges, internally
welded to one of the central inturned ?anges and
adapted to mount a rotatable member on each
end.
JOHN J. WHARAM.
CHARLES P, PINIARDI.
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