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Патент USA US2406937

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Sept. 3, 1946. '
'
-
w. F. ZABRI-SKIE
2,406,937
BARREL STORAGE RACK
Filed June 19, 1944
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4 Sheets-Sheet 1
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'NVENTOR'
BY WILLIAM F. ZABRISKIE‘
ATTORNEY§
Sept. 3,1946.
w. F. ZABRISKIE ‘
2,406,937
BARREL STORAGE RACK
Filed June 19, 1944'
4 Sheets-Sheet ‘2
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INVENTOR.
WILLIAM F. ZABRISKIE
ATTORN_EYS
Sept. 3, 1946.
,
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w.- F. ZABRISKIE
BARREL
STORAGE
2,406,937
RACK
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Filed June 19, 1944
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INVENTOR.
WILLIAM F. ZABRISKIE
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ATTORNEYS
Sept. 3, 1946.
-
.w. F. ZABRISKIE
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2,406,937
' BARREL STORAGE mack
Filed June 19, 1944
4 Sheets-Sheet 4
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'WQLLIIAM F. ZABRISKIE ’ '
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ATTORNEYS
Patented Sept. 3, 1946
2,406,937
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
2,406,937
BARREL STORAGE RACK
William F. Zabriskie, Detroit, Mich., assignor to
Gabriel Steel Comp
poration of Michiganany, Detroit, Mich., a cor-l
Application June 19, 1944, Serial No. 541,107
6 Claims.
(01. 20--1.13)
2
The invention relates to means for the storage
of barrels and the like within buildings. It is
secured thereto from which the rack sections are
the object of the invention to obtain a oonstruc_
tion- of storage rack which is economical of space,
able construction but, as illustrated, each is
suspended.
These anchors may be of any‘suit
easily accessible, relatively light in vweight and
formed of a channel member B’ imbedded in the
one which will maintain its form regardless of ir
regularities in the ?oors or ceilings of the build
ceiling together with sustaining anchor arms B2.
The lower face of the channel is ?ush with the
ing. To this end the invention consists, ?rst,
ceiling and has opposite inwardly extending
?anges B3 for engaging the head of a threaded
in a suspension structure where the maximum
bolt B4. The anchors are arranged in spaced
loads are carried by tension members; second, in
a structure in which
10 pairs constituting rows which preferably extend
transversely from a center aisle in the build
ing. C are suspension rods each of which is
supported ‘from an anchor B preferably by means I
of a turnbuckle D engaging the threaded bolt
ments forming such structure; ‘ fourth, in the
means for leveling the rack even when suspended 15 and a threaded upper end portion of the rod.
This permits of individually adjusting the rod
from an irregular ceiling; fifth, the means for
forming the mezzanine aisle floor providing ac
0 to level the structure as will be hereinafter
cess to the rack; sixth, the
explained. Each pair of rods C has connected
Walks between adjacent rack sections; and,
seventh, in various speci?c features of the con
struction as hereinafter set forth.
In the drawings:
'
thereto a series of cross members E for support
20 ing runways being spaced from .each other to
_
Fig. 1 is an elevation of one of the rack sec
provide clearance for a barrel therebetween. The
cross members E are preferably tubes of rec
tangular cross section which at their opposite
tions as Viewed from the aisle;
ends are fashioned to embrace the bar G ex
Fig. 2 is an elevation at right angles to Fig. 25 tending substantially half way around the same.
These ends. are then welded to the rods to form
1 or as viewed from one of the catwalks;
a rigid connection thereto as indicated at E’.
Fig. 3 is a view similar to a portion of Fig. 1
A series of pairs of rods and cross bars supported
illustrating the construction of the section ad
jacent to the. aisle, the means of connecting one '
of the runways thereof and a support for the
mezzanine floor being a section on line 3—3,
Fig. 4.
from the anchors B form a row extending from
the center aisle to the side wall of the building.
Supported on the aligned cross’ bars are rails or
runways F preferably formed of wooden strips
Fig. 4 is a plan View of Fig. 3;
secured to the bars by supporting bearings G.~
Fig. 5 is a cross section on line 5—5, .Fig. 4; 35 Each of these, as shown in, Figs. 1 and ‘3, is
formed of an inverted channel member G’ em
Fig. 6 is an elevation of one of the catwalk
supports;
bracing the cross member E and tilted at an
oblique angle thereto. The raised end of the
Fig, 7 is a horizontal section showing the cat
walk support in plan; and
member G’ abuts against an» upwardly extending
Figs. 8 and 9 are views similar to Fig. 3 show 40 ?ange G2 of an angle member, the lower ?ange
ing modi?ed construction of runways.
of which is welded to the member E. The mem
ber G’ is also welded to the ?ange G2 and to
Usually barrel rack structures are formed of
wooden members supported on the ?oor of the
the member E so as to ‘form a rigid connection
therewith. The strip F which is of rectangular
building and, because of the necessary cross sec
tion of these members, quite a large part of the 45 cross section‘ rests upon the member G’ with
one side against the flange G2 and a bolt H pass
space is occupied thereby. Also, it is di?icult
to maintain the rack rectangular particularly
ing through the ?ange and strip secures the
where sagging in the floor may occur at certain
same together. With the construction just de
points.‘ To overcome these defects I have de
scribed the barrels may be engaged with the rack
vised a construction of barrel rack which is 50
formed of, metallic members and is suspended
from the ceiling with the exception of the lower
most tier of barrels which may be supported on
of the inclined arrangement of the bearings-G
the upper surfaces of the strips F will be cor
the floor beneath. As illustrated in Figs. 1 and
2, A is a ceiling structure having anchors B
respondingly transversely inclined at substan
tially the same angle as the surface 01’ the barrel.
2,406,937
3
be successively rolled along
Thus, the barrel can
the runways until all of the space is ?lled.
A series of racks, as above described, are ar
ranged in adjacent rows extending from the cen
tral aisle to the side wall of the building but for
mitting individual adjustment in the height of
the latter.
2. A storage for barrels or the like comprising
a building of one or more stories, anchors secured
to the ceilings of each story positioned in a plu
rality of rows of spaced pairs, hangers freely sus
purpose of inspection it is necessary to leave a
pended from each pair of anchors, each hanger
narrow space between rows. Also, for engage
comprising a pair of vertically extending rods,
ment of the barrels with the upper tiers and for
and a plurality of vertically spaced cross mem
inspection of the same, a mezzanine floor is neces 10 bers extending between and welded to said rods,
sary. For supporting the mezzanine floor in the
and runway strips extending the length of each
aisle, the registering rods C on opposite sides of
row of hangers above each of the cross members
the aisle have secured thereto a cross beam on
thereof and secured to said cross members.
which the ?ooring is placed. As this places an
3. A storage for barrels or the like comprising
additional load on these end rods, they are pref
a building of one or more stories, each story hav
15
erably of a larger cross section to be correspond
ing anchors secured to the ceiling thereof ar
ingly increased in strength. The cross beams I,
ranged in rows of spaced pairs, hangers freely
as speci?cally shown, are channel members which
suspended from each pair of anchors each com
are attached to the hanger rods C’ by plates J
prising vertical rods terminating short of the
welded to the sides of said rods and clamping
?oor beneath the ceiling, and a plurality of ver
20
bolts K. Catwalks are‘ also provided between
tically spaced cross members extending between
adjacent rows at the level of the mezzanine aisle
and welded to said rods, runway strips extending
?oor. These are formed preferably by inverted
the length of each row of hangers above the cross
channel members L notched at their ends to fit
members thereof and secured thereto, and non
around the rod C, U-bolts M welded to the web
suspended runway strips secured directly to the
25
portions of the members L embrace the hangers
?oor beneath said ceiling for a row of barrels
C and are secured thereto by clamping plates N
beneath each row of hangers.
and nuts 0. The catwalk floor is formed by a
4. A storage for barrels or the like comprising
plank extending over and supported upon the
a building of one or more stories, anchors secured
members L. Thus, the inspector can pass from
to the ceiling of each story, said anchors being
the mezzanine floor of the aisle to the catwalks 30 arranged in a plurality of rows extending from
between successive rows of barrel racks to inspect ‘ r opposite sides of a center aisle to the side walls,
each row including a series of spaced pairs, a
all of the barrels therein.
While I have described the runways as formed
hanger freely suspended from each pair of an
of wooden strips secured to inclined bearings on
chors and including a pair of vertically extending
the cross members E, such construction is not 35 rods and a plurality of vertically spaced cross
essential. Thus, as shown in Fig. 8, the runway
members welded thereto, runway strips above and
strips F’ are directly supported on the members
secured to each cross member extending the
E adjacent to the hanger rods C, and an anchor
length of the series of hangers constituting a row,
bracket P and lag screw Qform the attachment
and a mezzanine ?oor secured to and suspended
40
means. The upper surface of the strip F’ is 7: by the hangers on opposite sides of said aisle.
inclined at F2 to correspond to the angle of the .
5. A storage for barrels or the like comprising
barrel. Fig. 9 shows another modi?cation where
a building of one or more stories, anchors secured
in place of wooden strips for the runways a metal
to the ceiling of each story, said anchors being
lic channel bar R is used. The cross members M’
arranged in a plurality of rows extending from
45
are formed with inclined portions adjacent to the
opposite sides of a center aisle to the side walls,
rods C on which the bars R rest. A lug S welded ,
to the rod C bears against the web of the channel
and a U-bolt T is used for clamping the bar
each row including a series of spaced pairs, a
hanger freely suspended from each pair of an
chors and including a pair of vertically extending
rods and a plurality of vertically spaced cross
In installing the racks the hangers formed by 50 members welded thereto, runway strips above and
a pair of rods C together with the cross members
secured to each cross members extending the
E are successively attached to the bolts B4 of the
length of the series of hangers constituting a row,
anchors B by means of the turnbuckles D. If the
a mezzanine floor secured to and suspended by
ceiling is not perfectly horizontal, the turnbuckles
the hangers on opposite sides of said aisle, and
55
provide for relative adiustment of the rod C so
catwalks connecting with said mezzanine aisle
that the hangers will extend vertically downward.
floor extending between each rowv of hangers and
The length of the hangers is less than the space
supported thereby.
between the ceiling and the floor so as to leave
6. A storage for barrels or. the like comprising
against said lug.
room for one tier of barrels supported directly on
a building of one or more stories, racks suspended
the floor. These engage runway strips U which 60 from the ceiling of each story, said racks being
are nailed to the ?oor.
arranged on opposite sides of a central aisle and
What I claim as my invention is:
each rack comprising a series of freely suspended
1. A storage for barrels or the like comprising
hangers including spaced vertical rods and a plu
a building of one or more stories, a series of freely
rality of vertically spaced cross members welded
suspended hangers each including a pair of 65 thereto, the rods adjacent said aisle being of
spaced vertically extending rods and a plurality
larger cross section, runways strips above and
of cross members between said rods welded
secured to each of said cross members extending
thereto, runway strips extending the length of
the length of the rack, and a mezzanine aisle
the series of hangers above each of said cross
floor secured to and supported by the rods of
members and attached thereto, anchors secured 70 larger cross section.
to the ceiling of said building positioned in align
WILLIAM F. ZABRISKIE.
ment with the rods of said hangers, and attach
ment means between said anchors and rods per
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