Патент USA US2406986код для вставки
sept-3,1946; 4 Y -. ' »R B. ANDERSON ' HAIR „ 2,406,986 cLIPPER i Fired Marçn 24, 1945 ._ _ P124 ' s \ ' _ 45 46 « 51 l 5° vInventor Ruußcm/ B. Andwvrv ~ Bsg‘ap’mîâmnî @Mmmmv Patented Sept. 3, 1946 2,406,986 »UNITED STATES «PATENT OFFICE 'y 2,406,986 " - Í ' . CLIrPER Y . _ .lteubenß AndersònQSt. PauLMinn. ' Jnmiiicatiaii ‘Maren 24, 1945; serial No.' $84.525 s claims. (Creo-_212) 2 1 -My invention relates hair"elippers‘wherein'it is »desired‘ito provide vla ‘pair of »clippershy means -of Whichf‘a perfscnma‘y readily .trimhis ownfhair. .various types of hair @uppers have ‘been pro- .„ uueeu for ‘trimming hair. These Aclippers are" or Íare relatively slid'ably supported and 'in providing .handle means for sliding these ‘plates relative ‘to eachother. The handle means is formed to `extend substantially` below the llevelof the niajor portions of the slidable plates. While theßcurved or'fuowardlysinolined toothed portions ofvthese "dina‘rilynsed by barbers'fand `others' as a 'part -of >plates lie substantially 'on a 'plane vwith the ffr'ee regular hair cutting operations’. I have found, ’ends `of ‘the handles. , `These an-cl‘other objeots and .novel features of however, tl'l'aft it is Virtually impossible With most «clipper constructions for a personto >’operate these >clippers for clipping the hair `on the head of the y Thus while‘ïit i‘s‘often convenient to trim the -haìr at’frequent intervals, vit is Vneces 'sary with'the usual construction of‘n'ianu‘alïly op erated `t'rl‘ippers‘ to have this l‘vv'ol‘k do'ne byV an àmy “invention ~will loe more clearly andiully set ’forth in the’f’ollowln'g ¿speeiñcatlon and claiins. ‘In the drawing `‘forin‘iirg‘ a part of `ixiy specili fc'atìcn: ‘ `‘Figure Ill 'is >a ‘perspective "View òf my clippers, Vla 4poi‘tionoi the easing tnereofnemg `broken away `operatory‘it being `pracht-:ally impossible ¿to hold the Iclippers properly'tocut one’s‘o‘wn hai-r. ‘I have found, however, that »lf the handles of the clippers are formed vdownwardly rathery -than upwardly ’and rearwa?d‘ly'as in usual 'construc 20 tionit 'is possible »to ‘properly‘manipulate îthe clip pers so thatta 'person may’îtrim his own-hair. While this change ‘is ‘relatively Isimple,and while the clippers thus constructed'would not be par >ticu1ai1y advantageous for use by `a barber, they „ Figure 2 is Va rear «elevational VView of my `clip pers `in readiness Ifor use. _ ’ Y l `ll‘igure :3> 'is a sectional viewvthgrough the body of the slipper-s. y ‘ _ |Figure 4 is a side elevational View ola modi :ned `>form «of clippers construction. “Tne‘eliopers A include a liolloweasi'ng or en closure lo `having ‘a clipper 'handle 1| secured #integral-1y thereto. best illustrated in Fig lare of extreme advantag‘e‘ïto a person ini-,rim rure -'2 of the drawing the handle In `e’iiter'ids'. up mirlg his 'own hair. -wardiyand rearwardly nom the casing' or en-` ‘ , It is `therefore the object of the' present in vention toprovide‘a pair vof clippers with down wardly and lrearwardly extending" handles so «that » the clippers may be4 operated `successfully >over »any/'portion ofthe head vto renable‘a person to “trim hisown hair. ‘Such :downwardly-and rïear wardly-extending ¿handles `en'zaalole a person to ma nipulate the Ahandles >trmiard‘one .another to pro vide the- properjcutting operation in cutting one‘îs nwnhair. . , A further feature ofthe present :inventionlies -`vtlosure l 0 ’in'la 'manner similar to the'curvature of the conventional handles for a ï‘paii‘ 'of clip pers. in other 4wortl's,"tn'e handles il «are pro `vided with ‘an upwardly and ‘rearwardly extendingportl'on "lawn-ich curves at its upper extrem ity 'at> f3 tò‘n‘l'é?'gè iìli‘t?) a downwai?iily and Out `waruly slanting handle fipo'rtion il. The handle `porti’on'M extends below the level of' the base :plate »of the clippers which will be later described ‘in'detai-l. ‘ i ‘The hollow'en'clcsure creasing lil 'is `provided Vwith a substantially ilat lower Aedge l5 having a inwcurving orinclini‘ng` the cutting teeth ofthe clippers upwardly. With these lsimple changes 40 -downwardlyîextending `projection I'6 'at the rear thereoffand'a second dovvr'iwardly7 extending pro `clippers >of Aa generally conventional type may Vbe rendered useful for the intendedl purpose. A further ‘feature fof the present invention re jection lIl ‘inthe’front thereof. The >enclosure Ill is designed to Aenclosethe"pivot'llo Whiëhthe second ihandle lewis `secured :andino-enclose the :sides inprovidinga pairfof clippers with affixed plate lwhich is generally `flat and which is 'pro 45 major zpo'rîtion 'lof the reciproca‘ble 'cutterïlilíiule.y A base plate ‘20 is'sè‘öüi‘èdto the housing HI vided `with anllpwardly curved or inclined for. ward-.cutting edge bearing teeth. The invention "by means of a ‘pivot bolt 2l. ’ This pivot bolt 2l is vprovided with `a headw22 >recessed finto the .under-surface of `the base plate 'lß'and extends which bears cooperating teeth. By sliding vthe ,50 ‘through `the base plate and ‘fthe-'top “ci ‘the 1h01 l‘ow Acasing 1D. 'Aïwasheì‘ 23 'usually rests’on the second plate .relative --t-o the first plate the-two `top o’f the casing In and the ‘pivot'bolt 2| >is `held -sets of cooperating upwardly inclined teeth may `irrp lace bymeans of a wing nut 24. operate to trimithe‘hair. »In l'order' to hold `the'base plate ’in >proper .A further. ìfeature-of` the invention resides :in spaced :relation tothe housing-'l0 and to "pre providing >4cooper-ating` tooth plates "which further .includes “a second plate slidable “relative to the ñxed plate and in close kContact thereto 2,406,986 3 4 vent the base plate from rotation relative to the and I9 makes it possible for a person to grasp the clippers in such a way that they may be manipu housing, the downwardly extending projection I 6 rests upon the upper surface of the base plate 20 and the projection I1 extends through a slot in the base plate. The projection I6 holds the lated properly over virtually any part of the head base plate properly spaced from the housing while 25 acts as a bearing for the hub 26 of the second , in clipping they hair of another as the usual type clippers, my clippers may be conveniently used by a person for cutting his own hair. While it is not necessary or entirelyA essential `that the handles I4 and I 9 extendfupwardlyfand rear wardly before they curve downwardly,A the con struction illustrated is believed advantageous as handle lever I 9. it permits the clippers to be properly grasped the projection I1 prevents rotation of the base plate about the pivot bolt 2 I. A sleeve 25 is >secured integrally with the cas ing I0 inwardly of the same and ïextends down wardly to encompass the pivot bolt 2 I. This sleeve This handle lever I9 extends without difficulty. While clippers of the present design are probably not as convenient for use rearwardly through a notch 21 formed in the , without having the handles extend too for below rear of the housing I0 and is provided with an 15 the body of the clippers. Furthermore, it per upwardly and rearwardly extending handle por mits thevhandles‘ to be of proper length for ease tion 29 in opposed relation to the handle portion in vmanipulation without danger of having the I2. The upwardly and rearwardly extending handles project too low. handle portion 29 terminates in a curved top por--y In Figure 4 of the drawing I disclose a modified tion 30 which connects the portion 29 with a 20 form of construction which differs from the struc downwardly and rearwardly extending handle 3l ture previously described in certain features. In vwhich is in opposed relation to the handle'l4. this construction- illustrated in general by the Similarly to the handle end I4, the handle end letter B, most of _the structure is identical with 3I extends well below the base plate v20 of the ‘the structure of the clippers A. Thus parts of clippers. _ ‘ ' ' The handle I9 is provided with a forwardly pro jecting finger 32 integral with the handle hub 26. This finger 32 extends forwardly and downwardly into close proximity with the base plate 20 which terminates slightly above the level of thesame. A spring 33 encircles the handle hub 26, one end of the spring being anchored to -the handle I9 at the hub 3‘4 and the other end of the spring being lanchored to the casing I9 at the point 35. The spring 33 tends to hold the clipper handles I4 and I 9 in the spaced relation illustrated, but per mits the handles to be pivoted together about the the clippers B which are ídenticalwith similar parts of the clippers A will be given similar nu merals while the different parts thereof will be given different numerals. The clippers B include -a hollow casing I0 ‘ which is secured to _one clipper handle, not illustrated in the (drawing. A pivot bolt 2| extends through a housing I 0, being held in place by a wing nut 24. A second handle I9 is pivotally supported upon the pivot bolt 2| and a spring 33 urges the lhandle I9 inv one extreme position. A base plate 45 is secured to the housing I0 by the bolt 2 I. This plate differs from the base plate pivot bolt 2|, simultaneously increasing tension 29 only in the fact that the upper or toothed edge on the spring. The release of pressure tending 4S thereof is not upwardly curved.- A reciprocable to squeeze the handles together permits the spring l cutter blade 41 is provided with a toothed edge .33 to urge the handles apart. ' 49 similar to the toothed edge 44 of the blade The forward end `of the base plate 20 isv curved 39 except for the upward curve of the teeth. The upwardly as best illustrated at 36. The upwardly remaining structure is very similar to that illus curved edge is provided with V-shaped teeth 31 trated in the clippers A. best illustrated in Figure 1 of the drawing. In 45 In order to compensate for the projection of ,order to provide a cutting action a reciprocating the teeth in line with the base platev and to pre cutter blade 39 is slidably mounted upon the base vent these teeth from digginginto the skin as plate 20 and is designed for reciprocation by the clippers move along the surface thereof I the handle I9. ’ provide a bearing plate 50 beneath the base plate The cutter blade I9 is slotted at 49 to accommof 50 45 and secured in place by the bolt 2|. lThis date the projection I1. -The projection acts, to bearing plate -59 is. provided with an enlarged gether with the engagement of the forward edge beaded edge 5I which is substantially below the ofthe housing I 0 into the transverse slot 38 in level of the rclipper teeth. ' As a result this rolled -the blade 39, to guide the cutter blade in its lateral edge 5I travels over the surface of the skin and .» movement. The' surface between the reciprocable - blade 39 and the base plate 2D is cut away- to provide a pair of spaced sliding surfaces 4I ‘and Y42, one of which is at the rear edge of the cutter acts to space the teeth from the skin at the usual angle. In other words, the edge 5I of the plate 50 acts as a support for the clipper body yduring the operation of the clippers and the teeth may be blade 39, and the other of which coincide with swung closer to or farther from the skin so as to »the upwardly curved forward ends of the base 60 give the desired pressure. plate and cutter blade. A recess 43 is provided It will be noted that my clippers are provided >in the cutter blade to receive the finger l32 on with handles‘of approximately the usual length lthe hub of the handle lever I9. so that they may be conveniently handled, and It win be noted that as the handle 1ev?er la the main difference is that these handles extend is pivoted about the bolt 2I the finger 32 will force ï' downwardly and rearwardly rather than up the cutter blade 3`9'laterally. As the cutter'blade wardly from the body in the usual way. ` The fea 39 is provided' with an upwardly curved toothed ture of curving the teeth upwardly or-employing - edge 44 cooperable with the teeth 31, hair entering a bearing plate such as the plate 50 is also of -the teeth will be sheared off in the usual manner. importance in my invention. ` Itwill be noted that the upwardly curvature of ` 70 In accordance with the patent statutes, I have the'base plate 2U and the cutter blade 39 tends described the principles of construction and op Íto present a smooth surface to the skin, although eration of my >clipper construction, and while I the base plate 20 is heldv at a considerable angle have endeavored to set forth the best embodi relative to the skin. The downwardly and rear ments thereof, I desire to have it understood that wardly extending shape of the handle levers I4 _ obvious changes may be made within the scope 2,406, 986 5 of the following claims without departing from the spirit of my invention. I claim: I 6 ing downwardly and rearwardly in opposed rela tion to terminate below the level of the clipper head. ‘ 1. ,A hair clippers construction including a body including a pair of relatively slidable clipper plates, handles secured to said plates to cause 6. A hair clipper construction comprising a clipper body, a handle secured thereto, a second handle pivotally attached thereto, a pair of relative reciprocation, said handles extending toothed plates? secured to said head, one of said downwardly and rearwardly to extend below the plates being ñxed with respect to the first named level of the cutter blades. handle, and the other of said plates being recipro 2. A clippers construction comprising a clip l0 cably attached to the other handle, the teeth per head including a base plate, a pair of rela of said plates being upwardly curved, said han tively pivotal levers secured to said clipper head dles extending downwardly and rearwardly from for actuating the same, said handles extending said clipper body. _ downwardly and rearwardly relative to the clip 7. -A hair clipper construction comprising a per head to terminate below the level of said clipper body, a handle secured thereto, a second base plate. 3. A hair clippers construction comprising a handle pivotally attached thereto, a pair of toothed plates secured to said head, one of said plates being ñxed with respect to the ñrst named handle, and the other of said plates being recip rocably attached to the other handle, the teeth of said plates being upwardly curved, said han dlesY extending upwardly and rearwardly for a short distance from said body and then extend ing downwardly and rearwardly therefrom. clipper head including a base plate, a pair of relatively pivotal levers secured to said clipper head to actuate the same, said levers extending upwardly and rearwardly from said clipper head and terminating in downwardly and rearwardly extending handle ends. ‘ 4. A hair clippers construction comprising a clipper head including a base plate, a pair of vrel 8. A hair clipper construction comprising a atively pivotal levers secured to said clipper head clipper body, a handle secured thereto, a second to actuate the same, said levers extending up handle pivotally attached thereto, a pair oil wardly and rearwardly from said clipper head toothed plates secured to said head, one of said and terminating in downwardly and rearwardly plates being fixed with respect to the first named extending handle ends, the ends of the handle-s 30 handle, and the other of said plates being recip being below the level of said base plate. rocably attached to the other handle, the teeth 5. A hair clippers construction comprising a of said plates being upwardly curved, said han clipper head, a pair of relatively pivotal levers dles extending upwardly and rearwardly for a secured to said head to actuate the same, said short distance from said body and then extend levers each projecting from the rear of the head 35 ing downwardly and rearwardly therefrom to in opposed relation and extending upwardly and terminate below the level of said clipper head. rearwardly from the head for a short distance, being rounded at their top extremity, and extend REUBEN B. ANDERSON.