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Патент USA US2406986

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sept-3,1946; 4
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»R B. ANDERSON
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HAIR
„
2,406,986
cLIPPER
i
Fired Marçn 24, 1945
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P124
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46 «
51
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vInventor
Ruußcm/ B. Andwvrv
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Bsg‘ap’mîâmnî
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Patented Sept. 3, 1946
2,406,986
»UNITED STATES «PATENT OFFICE
'y
2,406,986
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Í
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CLIrPER
Y . _ .lteubenß AndersònQSt. PauLMinn.
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Jnmiiicatiaii ‘Maren 24, 1945; serial No.' $84.525
s claims. (Creo-_212)
2
1
-My invention relates
hair"elippers‘wherein'it is »desired‘ito provide vla
‘pair of »clippershy means -of Whichf‘a perfscnma‘y
readily .trimhis ownfhair.
.various types of hair @uppers have ‘been pro- .„
uueeu for ‘trimming hair. These Aclippers are" or
Íare relatively slid'ably supported and 'in providing
.handle means for sliding these ‘plates relative
‘to eachother. The handle means is formed to
`extend substantially` below the llevelof the niajor
portions of the slidable plates. While theßcurved
or'fuowardlysinolined toothed portions ofvthese
"dina‘rilynsed by barbers'fand `others' as a 'part -of
>plates lie substantially 'on a 'plane vwith the ffr'ee
regular hair cutting operations’. I have found,
’ends `of ‘the handles.
, `These an-cl‘other objeots and .novel features of
however, tl'l'aft it is Virtually impossible With most
«clipper constructions for a personto >’operate these
>clippers for clipping the hair `on the head of the
y
Thus while‘ïit i‘s‘often convenient to
trim the -haìr at’frequent intervals, vit is Vneces
'sary with'the usual construction of‘n'ianu‘alïly op
erated `t'rl‘ippers‘ to have this l‘vv'ol‘k do'ne byV an
àmy “invention ~will loe more clearly andiully set
’forth in the’f’ollowln'g ¿speeiñcatlon and claiins.
‘In the drawing `‘forin‘iirg‘ a part of `ixiy specili
fc'atìcn:
‘
`‘Figure Ill 'is >a ‘perspective "View òf my clippers, Vla
4poi‘tionoi the easing tnereofnemg `broken away
`operatory‘it being `pracht-:ally impossible ¿to hold
the Iclippers properly'tocut one’s‘o‘wn hai-r.
‘I have found, however, that »lf the handles of
the clippers are formed vdownwardly rathery -than
upwardly ’and rearwa?d‘ly'as in usual 'construc 20
tionit 'is possible »to ‘properly‘manipulate îthe clip
pers so thatta 'person may’îtrim his own-hair.
While this change ‘is ‘relatively Isimple,and while
the clippers thus constructed'would not be par
>ticu1ai1y advantageous for use by `a barber, they „
Figure 2 is Va rear «elevational VView of my `clip
pers `in readiness Ifor use. _ ’
Y
l
`ll‘igure :3> 'is a sectional viewvthgrough the body
of the slipper-s.
y
‘
_
|Figure 4 is a side elevational View ola modi
:ned `>form «of clippers construction.
“Tne‘eliopers A include a liolloweasi'ng or en
closure lo `having ‘a clipper 'handle 1| secured
#integral-1y thereto.
best illustrated in Fig
lare of extreme advantag‘e‘ïto a person ini-,rim
rure -'2 of the drawing the handle In `e’iiter'ids'. up
mirlg his 'own hair.
-wardiyand rearwardly nom the casing' or en-`
‘
,
It is `therefore the object of the' present in
vention toprovide‘a pair vof clippers with down
wardly and lrearwardly extending" handles so «that »
the clippers may be4 operated `successfully >over
»any/'portion ofthe head vto renable‘a person to
“trim hisown hair. ‘Such :downwardly-and rïear
wardly-extending ¿handles `en'zaalole a person to ma
nipulate the Ahandles >trmiard‘one .another to pro
vide the- properjcutting operation in cutting one‘îs
nwnhair.
.
,
A further feature ofthe present :inventionlies
-`vtlosure l 0 ’in'la 'manner similar to the'curvature
of the conventional handles for a ï‘paii‘ 'of clip
pers. in other 4wortl's,"tn'e handles il «are pro
`vided with ‘an upwardly and ‘rearwardly extendingportl'on "lawn-ich curves at its upper extrem
ity 'at> f3 tò‘n‘l'é?'gè iìli‘t?) a downwai?iily and Out
`waruly slanting handle fipo'rtion il. The handle
`porti’on'M extends below the level of' the base
:plate »of the clippers which will be later described
‘in'detai-l.
‘ i ‘The hollow'en'clcsure creasing lil 'is `provided
Vwith a substantially ilat lower Aedge l5 having a
inwcurving orinclini‘ng` the cutting teeth ofthe
clippers upwardly. With these lsimple changes 40 -downwardlyîextending `projection I'6 'at the rear
thereoffand'a second dovvr'iwardly7 extending pro
`clippers >of Aa generally conventional type may
Vbe rendered useful for the intendedl purpose.
A further ‘feature fof the present invention re
jection lIl ‘inthe’front thereof.
The >enclosure
Ill is designed to Aenclosethe"pivot'llo Whiëhthe
second ihandle lewis `secured :andino-enclose the
:sides inprovidinga pairfof clippers with affixed
plate lwhich is generally `flat and which is 'pro 45 major zpo'rîtion 'lof the reciproca‘ble 'cutterïlilíiule.y
A base plate ‘20 is'sè‘öüi‘èdto the housing HI
vided `with anllpwardly curved or inclined for.
ward-.cutting edge bearing teeth. The invention
"by means of a ‘pivot bolt 2l. ’ This pivot bolt 2l
is vprovided with `a headw22 >recessed finto the
.under-surface of `the base plate 'lß'and extends
which bears cooperating teeth. By sliding vthe ,50 ‘through `the base plate and ‘fthe-'top “ci ‘the 1h01
l‘ow Acasing 1D. 'Aïwasheì‘ 23 'usually rests’on the
second plate .relative --t-o the first plate the-two
`top o’f the casing In and the ‘pivot'bolt 2| >is `held
-sets of cooperating upwardly inclined teeth may
`irrp lace bymeans of a wing nut 24.
operate to trimithe‘hair.
»In l'order' to hold `the'base plate ’in >proper
.A further. ìfeature-of` the invention resides :in
spaced :relation tothe housing-'l0 and to "pre
providing
>4cooper-ating` tooth plates "which
further .includes “a second plate slidable “relative
to the ñxed plate and in close kContact thereto
2,406,986
3
4
vent the base plate from rotation relative to the
and I9 makes it possible for a person to grasp the
clippers in such a way that they may be manipu
housing, the downwardly extending projection I 6
rests upon the upper surface of the base plate
20 and the projection I1 extends through a slot
in the base plate. The projection I6 holds the
lated properly over virtually any part of the head
base plate properly spaced from the housing while
25 acts as a bearing for the hub 26 of the second ,
in clipping they hair of another as the usual type
clippers, my clippers may be conveniently used
by a person for cutting his own hair. While it
is not necessary or entirelyA essential `that the
handles I4 and I 9 extendfupwardlyfand rear
wardly before they curve downwardly,A the con
struction illustrated is believed advantageous as
handle lever I 9.
it permits the clippers to be properly grasped
the projection I1 prevents rotation of the base
plate about the pivot bolt 2 I.
A sleeve 25 is >secured integrally with the cas
ing I0 inwardly of the same and ïextends down
wardly to encompass the pivot bolt 2 I. This sleeve
This handle lever I9 extends
without difficulty. While clippers of the present
design are probably not as convenient for use
rearwardly through a notch 21 formed in the , without having the handles extend too for below
rear of the housing I0 and is provided with an 15 the body of the clippers. Furthermore, it per
upwardly and rearwardly extending handle por
mits thevhandles‘ to be of proper length for ease
tion 29 in opposed relation to the handle portion
in vmanipulation without danger of having the
I2. The upwardly and rearwardly extending
handles project too low.
handle portion 29 terminates in a curved top por--y
In Figure 4 of the drawing I disclose a modified
tion 30 which connects the portion 29 with a 20 form of construction which differs from the struc
downwardly and rearwardly extending handle 3l
ture previously described in certain features. In
vwhich is in opposed relation to the handle'l4.
this construction- illustrated in general by the
Similarly to the handle end I4, the handle end
letter B, most of _the structure is identical with
3I extends well below the base plate v20 of the
‘the structure of the clippers A. Thus parts of
clippers.
_
‘
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The handle I9 is provided with a forwardly pro
jecting finger 32 integral with the handle hub 26.
This finger 32 extends forwardly and downwardly
into close proximity with the base plate 20 which
terminates slightly above the level of thesame. A
spring 33 encircles the handle hub 26, one end
of the spring being anchored to -the handle I9 at
the hub 3‘4 and the other end of the spring being
lanchored to the casing I9 at the point 35. The
spring 33 tends to hold the clipper handles I4
and I 9 in the spaced relation illustrated, but per
mits the handles to be pivoted together about the
the clippers B which are ídenticalwith similar
parts of the clippers A will be given similar nu
merals while the different parts thereof will be
given different numerals.
The clippers B include -a hollow casing I0 ‘
which is secured to _one clipper handle, not
illustrated in the (drawing. A pivot bolt 2|
extends through a housing I 0, being held in place
by a wing nut 24. A second handle I9 is pivotally
supported upon the pivot bolt 2| and a spring 33
urges the lhandle I9 inv one extreme position.
A base plate 45 is secured to the housing I0 by
the bolt 2 I. This plate differs from the base plate
pivot bolt 2|, simultaneously increasing tension
29 only in the fact that the upper or toothed edge
on the spring. The release of pressure tending
4S thereof is not upwardly curved.- A reciprocable
to squeeze the handles together permits the spring l
cutter blade 41 is provided with a toothed edge
.33 to urge the handles apart. '
49 similar to the toothed edge 44 of the blade
The forward end `of the base plate 20 isv curved
39 except for the upward curve of the teeth. The
upwardly as best illustrated at 36. The upwardly
remaining structure is very similar to that illus
curved edge is provided with V-shaped teeth 31
trated in the clippers A.
best illustrated in Figure 1 of the drawing. In 45
In order to compensate for the projection of
,order to provide a cutting action a reciprocating
the teeth in line with the base platev and to pre
cutter blade 39 is slidably mounted upon the base
vent these teeth from digginginto the skin as
plate 20 and is designed for reciprocation by
the clippers move along the surface thereof I
the handle I9.
’
provide a bearing plate 50 beneath the base plate
The cutter blade I9 is slotted at 49 to accommof 50 45 and secured in place by the bolt 2|. lThis
date the projection I1. -The projection acts, to
bearing plate -59 is. provided with an enlarged
gether with the engagement of the forward edge
beaded edge 5I which is substantially below the
ofthe housing I 0 into the transverse slot 38 in
level of the rclipper teeth. ' As a result this rolled
-the blade 39, to guide the cutter blade in its lateral
edge 5I travels over the surface of the skin and
.» movement. The' surface between the reciprocable -
blade 39 and the base plate 2D is cut away- to
provide a pair of spaced sliding surfaces 4I ‘and
Y42, one of which is at the rear edge of the cutter
acts to space the teeth from the skin at the usual
angle. In other words, the edge 5I of the plate
50 acts as a support for the clipper body yduring
the operation of the clippers and the teeth may be
blade 39, and the other of which coincide with
swung closer to or farther from the skin so as to
»the upwardly curved forward ends of the base 60 give the desired pressure.
plate and cutter blade. A recess 43 is provided
It will be noted that my clippers are provided
>in the cutter blade to receive the finger l32 on
with handles‘of approximately the usual length
lthe hub of the handle lever I9.
so that they may be conveniently handled, and
It win be noted that as the handle 1ev?er la
the main difference is that these handles extend
is pivoted about the bolt 2I the finger 32 will force ï'
downwardly and rearwardly rather than up
the cutter blade 3`9'laterally. As the cutter'blade
wardly from the body in the usual way. ` The fea
39 is provided' with an upwardly curved toothed
ture of curving the teeth upwardly or-employing
- edge 44 cooperable with the teeth 31, hair entering
a bearing plate such as the plate 50 is also of
-the teeth will be sheared off in the usual manner.
importance in my invention.
` Itwill be noted that the upwardly curvature of ` 70
In accordance with the patent statutes, I have
the'base plate 2U and the cutter blade 39 tends
described the principles of construction and op
Íto present a smooth surface to the skin, although
eration of my >clipper construction, and while I
the base plate 20 is heldv at a considerable angle
have endeavored to set forth the best embodi
relative to the skin. The downwardly and rear
ments thereof, I desire to have it understood that
wardly extending shape of the handle levers I4 _ obvious changes may be made within the scope
2,406, 986
5
of the following claims without departing from
the spirit of my invention.
I claim:
I
6
ing downwardly and rearwardly in opposed rela
tion to terminate below the level of the clipper
head.
‘
1. ,A hair clippers construction including a body
including a pair of relatively slidable clipper
plates, handles secured to said plates to cause
6. A hair clipper construction comprising a
clipper body, a handle secured thereto, a second
handle pivotally attached thereto, a pair of
relative reciprocation, said handles extending
toothed plates? secured to said head, one of said
downwardly and rearwardly to extend below the
plates being ñxed with respect to the first named
level of the cutter blades.
handle, and the other of said plates being recipro
2. A clippers construction comprising a clip l0 cably attached to the other handle, the teeth
per head including a base plate, a pair of rela
of said plates being upwardly curved, said han
tively pivotal levers secured to said clipper head
dles extending downwardly and rearwardly from
for actuating the same, said handles extending
said clipper body.
_
downwardly and rearwardly relative to the clip
7. -A hair clipper construction comprising a
per head to terminate below the level of said
clipper body, a handle secured thereto, a second
base plate.
3. A hair clippers construction comprising a
handle pivotally attached thereto, a pair of
toothed plates secured to said head, one of said
plates being ñxed with respect to the ñrst named
handle, and the other of said plates being recip
rocably attached to the other handle, the teeth
of said plates being upwardly curved, said han
dlesY extending upwardly and rearwardly for a
short distance from said body and then extend
ing downwardly and rearwardly therefrom.
clipper head including a base plate, a pair of
relatively pivotal levers secured to said clipper
head to actuate the same, said levers extending
upwardly and rearwardly from said clipper head
and terminating in downwardly and rearwardly
extending handle ends.
‘
4. A hair clippers construction comprising a
clipper head including a base plate, a pair of vrel
8. A hair clipper construction comprising a
atively pivotal levers secured to said clipper head
clipper body, a handle secured thereto, a second
to actuate the same, said levers extending up
handle pivotally attached thereto, a pair oil
wardly and rearwardly from said clipper head
toothed plates secured to said head, one of said
and terminating in downwardly and rearwardly
plates being fixed with respect to the first named
extending handle ends, the ends of the handle-s 30 handle, and the other of said plates being recip
being below the level of said base plate.
rocably attached to the other handle, the teeth
5. A hair clippers construction comprising a
of said plates being upwardly curved, said han
clipper head, a pair of relatively pivotal levers
dles extending upwardly and rearwardly for a
secured to said head to actuate the same, said
short distance from said body and then extend
levers each projecting from the rear of the head 35 ing downwardly and rearwardly therefrom to
in opposed relation and extending upwardly and
terminate below the level of said clipper head.
rearwardly from the head for a short distance,
being rounded at their top extremity, and extend
REUBEN B. ANDERSON.
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