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- Sept. 3, 19.46. H., MASHMEYER 2,407,026 AWNING l Filed June 13, 1945 2 sheets-sheet 1 Sept. 3, 1946. H. MASHMEYÈR `2,407,026 AWNING Filed June u, 1945 > 2 Sheets-Skiset 2 2,407,026 Patented Sept. 3, 1946 UNITED STATES PAT-ENT OFFICE 2,407,026 AWNING Herman Mashmeyer, Jacksonville, Fla. Application June 13, 1945, Serial No. 599,243 7 Claims. (C1. 16o-62) 1 My present invention relates to awnings, and has particular reference to an awning composed of a plurality of slidably connected sections adapted to selectively occupy a normally inoper ative or non-shadingposition with the several sections disposed in superimposed relation at the 2 , tion, and which is otherwise highly eñicient in the purposes for which designed. ‘ In the accompanying drawings, wherein for the purpose of illustration, I have shown the pre ferred embodiment of >my present invention: top of the awning; or a normally operative or v Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the awning show ing the same in extended or shading position on shading position with the several sections dis the outside of a window frame, ` posed in extended relation; or’ an intermediate position wherein certain of ’the sections are l() ghe awning in retracted or non-shading posi superimposed lwhile others are extended.` `The device of my present invention, like awnings of known construction, is adapted for use on win dows, doors, porches and the like, and serves as a means for preventing sun, rain or the like from entering the window or door or impinging upon the porch or other area coveredby the awning. it is an object of my present invention to pro vide an awning of the so-called “Outrigger” type which comprises a suitable frame adapted for at-` tachment to the outside of a window, door or the like, and `which frame is adapted to support a plurality of slidably connected, horizontally disM posed sections of sheet-like material 'such as wood, metal, stiiîened fabric, plastic or the like, which sections, when in their extended positions, con »stitute the protective portion of the awning. It is a further object of my present invention to provide an awning composed of a plurality of slidably connected, horizontally disposed sections adapted to be moved to a normally inoperative or non-shading position wherein the several sec tions are disposed in superimposed relation, or to a normally operative or shading position wherein the sections are disposed in extended relation, and to associate with such sections a suitable frame or frames adapted for attachment to a door or Window frame or other portion ofa Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing ion, , , I Fig. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary view, partly in section, showing the details of the pin and slot connection between the several sections of the awning, , » , Fig. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary view, partly .in section, 1showing„_the preferred means for mounting the-awning; frame and the uppermost Vsectionof .the awning on a window frame or the like,` Y Fig. 5 >is a perspective view similar to Figi but diagrammatic in so far as the awning and win dow frame are concerned, and showing in detail an arrangement of pulleys and flexible operat ing means for moving the slidably connected sec tions to various positions with respect to the sup porting frame, Figs. 6 and ’7 are, respectively, an enlarged fragmentary‘side view and a perspective View with cover sections removed, of the lower right hand corner of the awning as viewed in Fig.` i, and showing details‘of construction, and A Fig. 8 is `a fragmentary side elevation, partly in section, showing the manner in which the uppermost member of the supporting frame of the awning functions to retain the sections in proper position when such sections are in their extended positions. , 4 Referring more in detail to the accompanying dwelling to support said sections and to guide 40 drawings,y wherein like reference numerals have the same during their sliding movements. ` 'been employed to designate like parts through It is a further object of my present invention to provide an awning of the above mentioned character, and to associate with the same a novel and efïicient means for operating the relatively movable sections to move them to and from the desired positions with respect to the supporting frame and to the window, door or the like to which the awning is attached. It is a still further object of my present inven tion to provide an awning which may advanta geously be made of relatively thin sheet metal `out the several‘views, the numeral I designates, broadly, a rectangular window frame of any de sired or preferred construction. At each side of 5 the frame `I there is attached a suitable frame 2 for supporting the awning and for guiding the slidably-connected awning sections to be herein after described, the frame 2 preferably being con structed from flat metal stock which is readily bendable but which is suiliciently strong and rigid to perform its intended function. The np per end of each 'awning frame member 2 is rigidly attached to the upper, outer face of the window or the like, and an awning which is strong and frame I by means of suitable screws or other fas durable, which is cheap and easy to manufac ture, which is simple in construction and opera 55 teningsß which pass through apertures in an up 2,407,026 3 turned portion 4 bent to occupy a position par allel to the outer surface of the window frame I. Each awning frame member 2 includes a portion 5 which extends downwardly and outwardly with respect to the window frame I for a suitable dis tance, and at a proper angle, which distance and angle are determined by the size of the window and the size of the awning to be employed, and 4 with the slots I3 in strips 9. Screw I4 is then inserted through the alined slots I3 and the slots in the upturned ñange 22, and said screw is se cured into the window frame I so that the head of said screw or the washer positioned beneath said head bears lightly on the outer surface of the upturned portion I2 whereby said section 2I and said upturned portion I2 may partake of ver tical movements. The lowermost section Il is provided at its outer edge with a depending front portion 23, the lower edge of which is cut or otherwise formed to simulate the scallops of a conventional canvas awning, and which front portion is of a length 15 which insures that its lower edge will be disposed in the same horizontal plane occupied by the is then bent rearwardly to form a horizontally extending portion 6, the inner end 'I of which is bent to occupy a position parallel to the plane of the window frame I and which bent portion is attached to the outer face of the side member of said window frame below the point of attach ment of the upper portion 4 by means of suitable screws or other fastenings 8. A strip 9 prefer lower curved edges of depending portions Iii of ably formed from nat metal stock, is associated with each awning frame 2 and has its lower end sections I8, I9, 20 and 2I when the sections are I9 bent downwardly as best shown in Fig. 6, and in their extended positions. The depending por tion 23 of section Il is provided at each end said lower end is attached to the upper surface of the inclined portion 5 of the awning frame by thereof with a vertically extending slot 24 and a bolt II which passes through the strip 9 and with a cut-out portion 25, and lugs 26, having through the inclined portion 5 of the awning apertures 21 and 28 therein, are secured to the front face of said depending portion 23 by means frame, the arrangement being such that the strip S is maintained in parallel, spaced relation with of screws 29 and overlie each of the cut-out por tions 25, said lugs extending upwardly and above respect to the upper surface of the inclined por tion 5. The upper end of the strip is bent up the upper surface I5 of the lowermost section Il. The width of slot 24 is slightly greater than the wardly as at I2, to occupy a position parallel to the upturned portion 4 of the awning frame, this width of the awning frame member 5 so that the upturned portion I2 being provided with an elon 80 section I1 is freely slidable along the length of said member. gated slot I3 adapted to receive therethrough, a Sections I1, I 8, I9, 20 and 2! are slidably con screw I 4 which passes through an aperture in up turned portion 4. 'I‘he head of screw I4, or a suitable washer disposed beneath said head, over- _ lies the outer face of the upturned portion I2, and the screw I4 is screwed into the window frame I only to a sufficient extent to cause said head or washer to bear lightlyupon the outer surface of said upturned portion I 2, whereby said end may be moved vertically for an extent de termined by engagement between the shank of the screw I4 and the walls defining the ends of the slot I3. The protective portion of my improved awning . comprises a series of horizontally disposed, slid~ ably connected sections formed of relatively rigid material, preferably relatively thin sheet metal. nected to each other by means of pin> and slot connections comprising headed pins or rivets 3D mounted on each of the depending side portions IS near the forward or outer edges thereof and disposed in elongated slots 3i cut through said depending portions I6, said slots extending sub stantially parallel to the member 5 of the awning frame 2 and being staggered with respect to each other as clearly shown in Fig. 1. By virtue of this construction, it is possible to arrange the several sections so that the forward edge of an upper adjacent section overlaps the rear edge of the next adjacent section, this overlapping ar rangement .being effected and maintained by the engagement between the Shanks of the headed pins or rivets 30 and the walls defining the lower or outer ends of elongated slots 3I. Since the length of the sections progressively increase from disposed side portions I6. In the accompanying section I'I to section 2l, it is possible to move the drawings I have illustrated an awning consisting sections together, one within and beneath an of five of these sections which I have numbered other as best shown in Fig. 2, in which positions I1, I8. I9, 20 and 2|, The relative lengths of these sections I5 increase progressively from the 55 the headed pins or rivets will occupy positions at the rear or inner ends of the slots 3 I, it being lowermost section I1 to the uppermost section 2I noted that the heads of said pins or rivets are so that these sections are slidable one within and relatively smooth and ñat to permit this “nesting” beneath another. and the lengths of the depend of the said sections and the sliding of saidsec ing. vertically disposed side portions I6 increase tions within and beneath each other. progressively from the lowermost section I ‘I to The preferred means for operating the sections the uppermost section 2I so that the bottom edges 60 of my improved awning, consists of a system of of the several side portions will be disposed in the flexible cords, ropes, chains or the like, suitable same horizontal plane when the said sections are Each section comprises a flat horizontally dis nosed top portion I5 and depending, verticallyA in their extended positions. The intermediate sections I8, I9 and 2U are of like construction ex cent for their progressively increasing lengths and the progressively increasing lengths of their depending side portions I 6. The uppermost section 2I is provided at the top thereof with an upstanding ñange 22 which has vertical slots near its ends adapted to receive therethrough the screws I4 above referred to. The section' 2l is placed on the top of the portion 5 of the spaced awning frames 2 and beneath the strip 9 with the slots in said section' in alinement pulleys, and suitable cleats. I have illustrated this preferred operating means in Figs. 5 and 6 of the accompanying drawings, from which it will be noted that a flexible element 32 has one end passed through the aperture 28 in the lug 26 at the right hand side of the awning as viewed in Fig. 5, the end of said element being knotted adjacent the rear face of said lug. This element 32 is passed around pulley 33, then over pulley 34, then across the width of the awning and over pulley 35, then downwardly and upwardly to form the elongated, depending loop 36, then over pulley 31, then downwardly and around pulley 38, and 5 then through aperture 28 in the lug 26 at the left hand side of the ‘awning as viewed in Fig. 5, the end of this flexible element 32 being knotted adja f 6 respectively, and the operator pulls downwardly on the depending loop 36 whereupon the sections willl be moved downwardly along the inclined frame sections 5 to assume the positions shown in Fig. 1, the pin and slot connections between ture 21 in the lug 26 at the left hand side of the the several sections limiting this downward move awning as viewed in Fig. `5, the end of said ele ment to insure a proper overlapping of the outer ment being knotted adjacent the front face of or forward edge of each section with respect to said lug. This element 39 extends upwardly and the inner or rear edge of the adjacent section. then over pulley 4i), then across the width of the 10 When the sections are moved from the posi awning and over pulley 4I, then downwardly and tions shown in Fig. 1 to the positions shown in upwardly to form the elongated, depending loop Fig. 2, it will be noted that the upper ends of the »12, then over pulley 43, then through aperture strips 9 and the uppermost section 2I will be 2'! in the lug 2G at the Aright hand side of the elevated to permit the underlying sections I‘I, i8, awning as viewed in Fig. 5, the end of this flexible 15 I9 and 2U to assume positions within and beneath element 39 being knotted adjacent the front face the section 2l, due tothe elongated slots I3 in of said lug. Each of the elongated, depending the'upturned ends l2 of the strip 9 and the elon-` gated slots in the upturned portion 22 of section loops 35 and A2, respectively, has the flexible ele 2|, these upturned portions being freely slidable ments thereof tied, knotted, or clipped together, as is usually the case with the flexible operating 20 with respect to the screws I4. As clearly illus cords or loops of conventional awning, Venetian trated in the accompanying drawings, the strips 9 function as wind guards to prevent upward blind or like operating cords or loops, such knot ting, tying. or clipping together insuring even movement of the cooperating sections of the awn ing with respect to the supporting portions 5 of operation of the awning by anl even pull on the flexible elements constituting each of the said 25 the awning frame members. , ~ depending loops. Unless the elements consti`1 It will thus be seen thatI have perfected an cent the rear face of said lug. A second flexible element 3S has one end passed through the aper tuting each loopy 36 or 42 are knotted, or other wise secured together, or unless the person rais ing or lowering the awning exerts an even and uniform pull on the flexible elements of each 30 awning construction which adequately fulfills the objects of my present invention and which pos sesses many novel and desirable features of con struction and operation over the awnings of the prior art. It will be obvious that by removing the strips 9, the sections l1, I8, IS, 2O and 2| may be readily lifted off of their` supporting frames cleats 44 and 45 are secured on the outer face of to' be cleaned and/or painted. It will also be the window frame l, which cleats may have the loops 36 and Q2 of the nexible elements wrapped 35 obvious that the entire awning and its supporting frame structure and accessories may be made of therearound to maintain lthe sections of the awn loop, it is sometimes diflicult to obtain smooth even operation of the awning. Suitable ing in the desired “nesting” intermediate, or extended positions. It is believed that the operation of my im proved awning will be readily apparent from the foregoing description of the construction thereof. metal or other material or materials of a rela tively indestructible nature and that it will not be necessary to remove the awning from the window during periods of the year when the useof an awning is unnecessary. It is to be understood that numerous changes in the construction, and in the size, shape and arrangement of parts, may be resorted to without the retracted, "nested” or non-shading position 45 departing from the spirit of my present invention or from the scope of the subjoined claims. Many illustrated in Fig. 2, it is merely necessary to changes will suggest themselves to those skilled loosen loops 35 and 42 from their respective cleats and to pull downwardly on the depending loop in the art. For example, it is not essential that Suffice it to Asay that when the sections occupy their extended positions as illustrated in Fig. 1, and when it is desired to move said sections to» the depending, vertically disposed side portions l5 d2. Such action o-n the part of the operator will cause the lowermost section Vl to slide upwardly 50 be incorporated in the awning, as these side por along the inclined portions 5 cf the awning frames tions could be readily omitted and the pin and slot connection provided on the upper flat sur at opposite sides of the window frame until the faces I5 of the sections. said lowerrnest section i 'i slides beneath the next A further possible modiiication which will sug succeeding section lß, whereupon the lugs 26 will gest itself to one skilled in the art is the omission en lower edge of section i8 and will cause of the relatively long side flanges I 6 and the sub the sections l'l and I8 to slide beneath the next stitution therefor of relatively short depending succeeding section lll.` The lugs 26 willnext en gage the lower Yedge of section I9 and will cause flanges of only a sufficient depth to accommodate the sections I1, I8 and I9 to slide beneath the the pin and slot connections between the several next succeeding section 2.5i, whereupon. the` lugs 26 will engage the lower edge of section ZG and will cause the sections I1, I8, IS and 2€! to slide beneath the uppermost section 2l. The loops 36 and 42 are then wrapped around the cleats 45 and lidi, respectively, to thus retain the sections of sections and to hold said sections against rela tive lateral displacement. It will be apparent from the foregoing description or” construction and operation «that the several sections of the awning may be adjusted to any desired inter mediate position between the fully opened and the awning in their retracted, “nested” or non fully closed positions above described, such sec shading positions. As' above stated, the flexible tions being retained in their selectively adjust elements of loops 3S and d2 are preferably knotted able positions by means of the operating ropes or otherwise secured together. to insure even and and cleats above referred to. Further, the loops uniform operation of each loop and, hence, uni 70 36 and 42 might extend through openings or pas form and even operation of the awning. sages provided in the window frame at the upper When it is desired to move the sections of the portions thereof, whereby the flexible operating awning from their positions shown in Fig. 2 to members 32 and 39 would extend to the inside of their positions shown in Fig. 1, the loops 36 and the dwelling and adjacent the window frame, 42 are disengaged from the cleats 45 and 44, 75 whereby the awning could be operated from the 2,407,026 'I 8 inside of the window. It will also be obvious that arrangements of pulleys and flexible operating means other than the preferred form disclosed for securing the strip to said support and per mitting vertical movement of the end portion of said strip, whereby said strip and end Section may move vertically with respect to said support; herein may be employed as the means for operat ing the awning. . Having thus described my invention, I claim: 1. An awning comprising a, plurality of rela tively iìat, slidably connected sections, a. frame and means for moving said sections other than said end section along the frame and beneath said strip from a position wherein the sections are extended, to a position wherein the sections member on which said sections are supported, are disposed in superimposed relation beneath a strip overlying the sections, and means for moving said sections relative to each other and said end section and strip. along said frame member and beneath said strip, from a position wherein the sections are ex tended, to a position wherein the sections are superimposed. 2. An awning comprising a plurality of rela tively ilat, slidably connected sections, a frame member on which said sections are slidably sup y 5. An awning comprising a plurality of slidably connected sections each including a relatively fiat top member and depending side portions, the lengths of said sections and depending portions progressively decreasing from the uppermost section to the lowermost section, and means for moving said sections relative to each other from a position wherein the sections are extended, to ported, a strip overlying the sections and having a position wherein the sections are nested one one end attached to a iixed support for limited 20 within the other, the lower edges of the depend sliding movement on said support, and means ing side portions all lying in substantially the for moving said sections relative to each other same horizontal plane when the sections are in and along said frame member from a position their extended positions. 6. An awning comprising a plurality of slidably wherein the sections are extended, to a position wherein the sections are superimposed, said strip 25 connected sections including an uppermost sec overlying the upper surface of said sections when tion secured to a vertical support, intermediate said sections are extended and overlying the sections, and a lowermost section; a frame se uppermost section when said sections are super cured to the vertical support and including imposed, sa‘ld strip being movable with respect to spaced outwardly and downwardly inclined mem said frame to accommodate the plurality of sec 30 bers along which the intermediate and the lower tions between said frame and said strip when most sections are easily slidable; a depending such sections are disposed in superimposed re ilange portion extending along the outer edge of lation therebetween. " the lowermost section and having its lower edge 3. An awning comprising a plurality of rela disposed below the frame when the sections are tively flat, slidably connected sections including in extended position, said depending ñange por an end section adapted to be secured to a sub tion having spaced slots therein to engage over stantially vertical supporting surface, a pin and said spaced members of said frame; and means slot connection between said end section and said for moving said lowermost and intermediate sec supporting surface to provide for relative adjust nient of said end section, a frame member se tions along said spaced members of said frame 40 from a position wherein said sections are ex cured to the supporting surface and underlying and supporting said sections, and means for tended, to a position wherein they are superim moving the remaining sections along the frame member to positions beneath said end member, the pin and slot connection between said end` member and the supporting surface permitting vertical movement of said end section whereby the remaining sections may be disposed between '7. An awning comprising an uppermost sec tion, intermediate sections and a lowermost sec said end section and frame when the sections are arranged in superimposed relation. 4. An awning comprising a plurality of rela tively flat, slidably connected sections adapted for movement from an extended position to a position wherein the sections are superimposed, and including an end section provided with a posed beneath the uppermost section. tion slidably connected together, each section including a top member and depending side por tions, the lengths oi said sections and depending side portions progressively decreasing from the uppermost section to the lowermost section; a frame having a downwardly and outwardly in clined portion along which said sections are freely slidable, the lower edges of the depending side portions of said sections all lying in substan tially the same horizontal plane when the sec tions are in their extended positions; a depend ' ing flange extending along the outer edge of the lowermost section and having its lower edge in vertically extending, elongated slot; means pass ing through said slot for securing said end sec tion to a substantially vertical support and per substantially the same horizontal plane occupied mittine; said end section to move vertically with by the lower edges of the side portions of the sec respect to said support; a frame underlying the 60 tions when said sections are in their extended sections when said sections are in either super positions; and means for moving said sections imposed or extended positions; a strip overlying relative to each other and along the inclined por the sections and frame and having an end por tion of the frame from a position wherein the tion provided with a vertically extending, elon sections are extended, to a position wherein the gated slot for engagement by the means which 65 sections are nested one within the other. passes through the slot in the said end section HERMAN MASHMEYER.