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Патент USA US2407026

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- Sept. 3, 19.46.
H., MASHMEYER
2,407,026
AWNING
l
Filed June 13, 1945
2 sheets-sheet 1
Sept. 3, 1946.
H. MASHMEYÈR
`2,407,026
AWNING
Filed June u, 1945
> 2 Sheets-Skiset 2
2,407,026
Patented Sept. 3, 1946
UNITED STATES PAT-ENT
OFFICE
2,407,026
AWNING
Herman Mashmeyer, Jacksonville, Fla.
Application June 13, 1945, Serial No. 599,243
7 Claims.
(C1. 16o-62)
1
My present invention relates to awnings, and
has particular reference to an awning composed
of a plurality of slidably connected sections
adapted to selectively occupy a normally inoper
ative or non-shadingposition with the several
sections disposed in superimposed relation at the
2
,
tion, and which is otherwise highly eñicient in
the purposes for which designed.
‘
In the accompanying drawings, wherein for
the purpose of illustration, I have shown the pre
ferred embodiment of >my present invention:
top of the awning; or a normally operative or
v Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the awning show
ing the same in extended or shading position on
shading position with the several sections dis
the outside of a window frame, `
posed in extended relation; or’ an intermediate
position wherein certain of ’the sections are l()
ghe awning in retracted or non-shading posi
superimposed lwhile others are extended.` `The
device of my present invention, like awnings of
known construction, is adapted for use on win
dows, doors, porches and the like, and serves as
a means for preventing sun, rain or the like from
entering the window or door or impinging upon
the porch or other area coveredby the awning.
it is an object of my present invention to pro
vide an awning of the so-called “Outrigger” type
which comprises a suitable frame adapted for at-`
tachment to the outside of a window, door or the
like, and `which frame is adapted to support a
plurality of slidably connected, horizontally disM
posed sections of sheet-like material 'such as wood,
metal, stiiîened fabric, plastic or the like, which
sections, when in their extended positions, con
»stitute the protective portion of the awning.
It is a further object of my present invention
to provide an awning composed of a plurality of
slidably connected, horizontally disposed sections
adapted to be moved to a normally inoperative
or non-shading position wherein the several sec
tions are disposed in superimposed relation, or
to a normally operative or shading position
wherein the sections are disposed in extended
relation, and to associate with such sections a
suitable frame or frames adapted for attachment
to a door or Window frame or other portion ofa
Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 but showing
ion,
,
,
I
Fig. 3 is an enlarged, fragmentary view, partly
in section, showing the details of the pin and
slot connection between the several sections of
the awning,
,
»
,
Fig. 4 is an enlarged, fragmentary view, partly
.in section, 1showing„_the preferred means for
mounting the-awning; frame and the uppermost
Vsectionof .the awning on a window frame or the
like,`
Y Fig. 5 >is a perspective view similar to Figi but
diagrammatic in so far as the awning and win
dow frame are concerned, and showing in detail
an arrangement of pulleys and flexible operat
ing means for moving the slidably connected sec
tions to various positions with respect to the sup
porting frame,
Figs. 6 and ’7 are, respectively, an enlarged
fragmentary‘side view and a perspective View
with cover sections removed, of the lower right
hand corner of the awning as viewed in Fig.` i,
and showing details‘of construction, and
A
Fig. 8 is `a fragmentary side elevation, partly
in section, showing the manner in which the
uppermost member of the supporting frame of
the awning functions to retain the sections in
proper position when such sections are in their
extended positions.
,
4
Referring more in detail to the accompanying
dwelling to support said sections and to guide
40 drawings,y wherein like reference numerals have
the same during their sliding movements.
`
'been employed to designate like parts through
It is a further object of my present invention
to provide an awning of the above mentioned
character, and to associate with the same a novel
and efïicient means for operating the relatively
movable sections to move them to and from the
desired positions with respect to the supporting
frame and to the window, door or the like to
which the awning is attached.
It is a still further object of my present inven
tion to provide an awning which may advanta
geously be made of relatively thin sheet metal
`out the several‘views, the numeral I designates,
broadly, a rectangular window frame of any de
sired or preferred construction. At each side of
5 the frame `I there is attached a suitable frame 2
for supporting the awning and for guiding the
slidably-connected awning sections to be herein
after described, the frame 2 preferably being con
structed from flat metal stock which is readily
bendable but which is suiliciently strong and
rigid to perform its intended function. The np
per end of each 'awning frame member 2 is rigidly
attached to the upper, outer face of the window
or the like, and an awning which is strong and
frame I by means of suitable screws or other fas
durable, which is cheap and easy to manufac
ture, which is simple in construction and opera 55 teningsß which pass through apertures in an up
2,407,026
3
turned portion 4 bent to occupy a position par
allel to the outer surface of the window frame I.
Each awning frame member 2 includes a portion
5 which extends downwardly and outwardly with
respect to the window frame I for a suitable dis
tance, and at a proper angle, which distance and
angle are determined by the size of the window
and the size of the awning to be employed, and
4
with the slots I3 in strips 9. Screw I4 is then
inserted through the alined slots I3 and the slots
in the upturned ñange 22, and said screw is se
cured into the window frame I so that the head
of said screw or the washer positioned beneath
said head bears lightly on the outer surface of
the upturned portion I2 whereby said section 2I
and said upturned portion I2 may partake of ver
tical movements.
The lowermost section Il is provided at its
outer edge with a depending front portion 23, the
lower edge of which is cut or otherwise formed to
simulate the scallops of a conventional canvas
awning, and which front portion is of a length
15 which insures that its lower edge will be disposed
in the same horizontal plane occupied by the
is then bent rearwardly to form a horizontally
extending portion 6, the inner end 'I of which is
bent to occupy a position parallel to the plane of
the window frame I and which bent portion is
attached to the outer face of the side member of
said window frame below the point of attach
ment of the upper portion 4 by means of suitable
screws or other fastenings 8. A strip 9 prefer
lower curved edges of depending portions Iii of
ably formed from nat metal stock, is associated
with each awning frame 2 and has its lower end
sections I8, I9, 20 and 2I when the sections are
I9 bent downwardly as best shown in Fig. 6, and
in their extended positions. The depending por
tion 23 of section Il is provided at each end
said lower end is attached to the upper surface
of the inclined portion 5 of the awning frame by
thereof with a vertically extending slot 24 and
a bolt II which passes through the strip 9 and
with a cut-out portion 25, and lugs 26, having
through the inclined portion 5 of the awning
apertures 21 and 28 therein, are secured to the
front face of said depending portion 23 by means
frame, the arrangement being such that the strip
S is maintained in parallel, spaced relation with
of screws 29 and overlie each of the cut-out por
tions 25, said lugs extending upwardly and above
respect to the upper surface of the inclined por
tion 5. The upper end of the strip is bent up
the upper surface I5 of the lowermost section Il.
The width of slot 24 is slightly greater than the
wardly as at I2, to occupy a position parallel to
the upturned portion 4 of the awning frame, this
width of the awning frame member 5 so that the
upturned portion I2 being provided with an elon 80 section I1 is freely slidable along the length of said
member.
gated slot I3 adapted to receive therethrough, a
Sections I1, I 8, I9, 20 and 2! are slidably con
screw I 4 which passes through an aperture in up
turned portion 4. 'I‘he head of screw I4, or a
suitable washer disposed beneath said head, over- _
lies the outer face of the upturned portion I2,
and the screw I4 is screwed into the window
frame I only to a sufficient extent to cause said
head or washer to bear lightlyupon the outer
surface of said upturned portion I 2, whereby said
end may be moved vertically for an extent de
termined by engagement between the shank of
the screw I4 and the walls defining the ends of
the slot I3.
The protective portion of my improved awning .
comprises a series of horizontally disposed, slid~
ably connected sections formed of relatively rigid
material, preferably relatively thin sheet metal.
nected to each other by means of pin> and slot
connections comprising headed pins or rivets 3D
mounted on each of the depending side portions
IS near the forward or outer edges thereof and
disposed in elongated slots 3i cut through said
depending portions I6, said slots extending sub
stantially parallel to the member 5 of the awning
frame 2 and being staggered with respect to each
other as clearly shown in Fig. 1. By virtue of
this construction, it is possible to arrange the
several sections so that the forward edge of an
upper adjacent section overlaps the rear edge of
the next adjacent section, this overlapping ar
rangement .being effected and maintained by the
engagement between the Shanks of the headed
pins or rivets 30 and the walls defining the lower
or outer ends of elongated slots 3I. Since the
length of the sections progressively increase from
disposed side portions I6. In the accompanying
section I'I to section 2l, it is possible to move the
drawings I have illustrated an awning consisting
sections together, one within and beneath an
of five of these sections which I have numbered
other as best shown in Fig. 2, in which positions
I1, I8. I9, 20 and 2|, The relative lengths of
these sections I5 increase progressively from the 55 the headed pins or rivets will occupy positions
at the rear or inner ends of the slots 3 I, it being
lowermost section I1 to the uppermost section 2I
noted that the heads of said pins or rivets are
so that these sections are slidable one within and
relatively smooth and ñat to permit this “nesting”
beneath another. and the lengths of the depend
of the said sections and the sliding of saidsec
ing. vertically disposed side portions I6 increase
tions within and beneath each other.
progressively from the lowermost section I ‘I to
The preferred means for operating the sections
the uppermost section 2I so that the bottom edges 60
of my improved awning, consists of a system of
of the several side portions will be disposed in the
flexible cords, ropes, chains or the like, suitable
same horizontal plane when the said sections are
Each section comprises a flat horizontally dis
nosed top portion I5 and depending, verticallyA
in their extended positions.
The intermediate
sections I8, I9 and 2U are of like construction ex
cent for their progressively increasing lengths
and the progressively increasing lengths of their
depending side portions I 6.
The uppermost section 2I is provided at the
top thereof with an upstanding ñange 22 which
has vertical slots near its ends adapted to receive
therethrough the screws I4 above referred to.
The section' 2l is placed on the top of the portion
5 of the spaced awning frames 2 and beneath the
strip 9 with the slots in said section' in alinement
pulleys, and suitable cleats.
I have illustrated
this preferred operating means in Figs. 5 and 6
of the accompanying drawings, from which it will
be noted that a flexible element 32 has one end
passed through the aperture 28 in the lug 26 at
the right hand side of the awning as viewed in
Fig. 5, the end of said element being knotted
adjacent the rear face of said lug. This element
32 is passed around pulley 33, then over pulley 34,
then across the width of the awning and over
pulley 35, then downwardly and upwardly to form
the elongated, depending loop 36, then over pulley
31, then downwardly and around pulley 38, and
5
then through aperture 28 in the lug 26 at the left
hand side of the ‘awning as viewed in Fig. 5, the
end of this flexible element 32 being knotted adja
f
6
respectively, and the operator pulls downwardly
on the depending loop 36 whereupon the sections
willl be moved downwardly along the inclined
frame sections 5 to assume the positions shown
in Fig. 1, the pin and slot connections between
ture 21 in the lug 26 at the left hand side of the
the several sections limiting this downward move
awning as viewed in Fig. `5, the end of said ele
ment to insure a proper overlapping of the outer
ment being knotted adjacent the front face of
or forward edge of each section with respect to
said lug. This element 39 extends upwardly and
the inner or rear edge of the adjacent section.
then over pulley 4i), then across the width of the 10
When the sections are moved from the posi
awning and over pulley 4I, then downwardly and
tions shown in Fig. 1 to the positions shown in
upwardly to form the elongated, depending loop
Fig. 2, it will be noted that the upper ends of the
»12, then over pulley 43, then through aperture
strips 9 and the uppermost section 2I will be
2'! in the lug 2G at the Aright hand side of the
elevated to permit the underlying sections I‘I, i8,
awning as viewed in Fig. 5, the end of this flexible 15 I9 and 2U to assume positions within and beneath
element 39 being knotted adjacent the front face
the section 2l, due tothe elongated slots I3 in
of said lug. Each of the elongated, depending
the'upturned ends l2 of the strip 9 and the elon-`
gated slots in the upturned portion 22 of section
loops 35 and A2, respectively, has the flexible ele
2|, these upturned portions being freely slidable
ments thereof tied, knotted, or clipped together,
as is usually the case with the flexible operating 20 with respect to the screws I4. As clearly illus
cords or loops of conventional awning, Venetian
trated in the accompanying drawings, the strips
9 function as wind guards to prevent upward
blind or like operating cords or loops, such knot
ting, tying. or clipping together insuring even
movement of the cooperating sections of the awn
ing with respect to the supporting portions 5 of
operation of the awning by anl even pull on the
flexible elements constituting each of the said 25 the awning frame members. , ~
depending loops. Unless the elements consti`1
It will thus be seen thatI have perfected an
cent the rear face of said lug. A second flexible
element 3S has one end passed through the aper
tuting each loopy 36 or 42 are knotted, or other
wise secured together, or unless the person rais
ing or lowering the awning exerts an even and
uniform pull on the flexible elements of each 30
awning construction which adequately fulfills the
objects of my present invention and which pos
sesses many novel and desirable features of con
struction and operation over the awnings of the
prior art. It will be obvious that by removing
the strips 9, the sections l1, I8, IS, 2O and 2| may
be readily lifted off of their` supporting frames
cleats 44 and 45 are secured on the outer face of
to' be cleaned and/or painted. It will also be
the window frame l, which cleats may have the
loops 36 and Q2 of the nexible elements wrapped 35 obvious that the entire awning and its supporting
frame structure and accessories may be made of
therearound to maintain lthe sections of the awn
loop, it is sometimes diflicult to obtain smooth
even operation of the awning. Suitable
ing in the desired “nesting” intermediate, or
extended positions.
It is believed that the operation of my im
proved awning will be readily apparent from the
foregoing description of the construction thereof.
metal or other material or materials of a rela
tively indestructible nature and that it will not be
necessary to remove the awning from the window
during periods of the year when the useof an
awning is unnecessary.
It is to be understood that numerous changes
in the construction, and in the size, shape and
arrangement of parts, may be resorted to without
the retracted, "nested” or non-shading position 45 departing from the spirit of my present invention
or from the scope of the subjoined claims. Many
illustrated in Fig. 2, it is merely necessary to
changes will suggest themselves to those skilled
loosen loops 35 and 42 from their respective cleats
and to pull downwardly on the depending loop
in the art. For example, it is not essential that
Suffice it to Asay that when the sections occupy
their extended positions as illustrated in Fig. 1,
and when it is desired to move said sections to»
the depending, vertically disposed side portions l5
d2. Such action o-n the part of the operator will
cause the lowermost section Vl to slide upwardly 50 be incorporated in the awning, as these side por
along the inclined portions 5 cf the awning frames
tions could be readily omitted and the pin and
slot connection provided on the upper flat sur
at opposite sides of the window frame until the
faces I5 of the sections.
said lowerrnest section i 'i slides beneath the next
A further possible modiiication which will sug
succeeding section lß, whereupon the lugs 26 will
gest itself to one skilled in the art is the omission
en
lower edge of section i8 and will cause
of the relatively long side flanges I 6 and the sub
the sections l'l and I8 to slide beneath the next
stitution therefor of relatively short depending
succeeding section lll.` The lugs 26 willnext en
gage the lower Yedge of section I9 and will cause
flanges of only a sufficient depth to accommodate
the sections I1, I8 and I9 to slide beneath the
the pin and slot connections between the several
next succeeding section 2.5i, whereupon. the` lugs
26 will engage the lower edge of section ZG and
will cause the sections I1, I8, IS and 2€! to slide
beneath the uppermost section 2l. The loops 36
and 42 are then wrapped around the cleats 45 and
lidi, respectively, to thus retain the sections of
sections and to hold said sections against rela
tive lateral displacement. It will be apparent
from the foregoing description or” construction
and operation «that the several sections of the
awning may be adjusted to any desired inter
mediate position between the fully opened and
the awning in their retracted, “nested” or non
fully closed positions above described, such sec
shading positions. As' above stated, the flexible
tions being retained in their selectively adjust
elements of loops 3S and d2 are preferably knotted
able positions by means of the operating ropes
or otherwise secured together. to insure even and
and cleats above referred to. Further, the loops
uniform operation of each loop and, hence, uni 70 36 and 42 might extend through openings or pas
form and even operation of the awning.
sages provided in the window frame at the upper
When it is desired to move the sections of the
portions thereof, whereby the flexible operating
awning from their positions shown in Fig. 2 to
members 32 and 39 would extend to the inside of
their positions shown in Fig. 1, the loops 36 and
the dwelling and adjacent the window frame,
42 are disengaged from the cleats 45 and 44, 75 whereby the awning could be operated from the
2,407,026
'I
8
inside of the window. It will also be obvious that
arrangements of pulleys and flexible operating
means other than the preferred form disclosed
for securing the strip to said support and per
mitting vertical movement of the end portion of
said strip, whereby said strip and end Section
may move vertically with respect to said support;
herein may be employed as the means for operat
ing the awning.
.
Having thus described my invention, I claim:
1. An awning comprising a, plurality of rela
tively iìat, slidably connected sections, a. frame
and means for moving said sections other than
said end section along the frame and beneath
said strip from a position wherein the sections
are extended, to a position wherein the sections
member on which said sections are supported,
are disposed in superimposed relation beneath
a strip overlying the sections, and means for
moving said sections relative to each other and
said end section and strip.
along said frame member and beneath said strip,
from a position wherein the sections are ex
tended, to a position wherein the sections are
superimposed.
2. An awning comprising a plurality of rela
tively ilat, slidably connected sections, a frame
member on which said sections are slidably sup
y
5. An awning comprising a plurality of slidably
connected sections each including a relatively
fiat top member and depending side portions, the
lengths of said sections and depending portions
progressively decreasing from the uppermost
section to the lowermost section, and means for
moving said sections relative to each other from
a position wherein the sections are extended, to
ported, a strip overlying the sections and having
a position wherein the sections are nested one
one end attached to a iixed support for limited 20 within the other, the lower edges of the depend
sliding movement on said support, and means
ing side portions all lying in substantially the
for moving said sections relative to each other
same horizontal plane when the sections are in
and along said frame member from a position
their extended positions.
6. An awning comprising a plurality of slidably
wherein the sections are extended, to a position
wherein the sections are superimposed, said strip 25 connected sections including an uppermost sec
overlying the upper surface of said sections when
tion secured to a vertical support, intermediate
said sections are extended and overlying the
sections, and a lowermost section; a frame se
uppermost section when said sections are super
cured to the vertical support and including
imposed, sa‘ld strip being movable with respect to
spaced outwardly and downwardly inclined mem
said frame to accommodate the plurality of sec 30 bers along which the intermediate and the lower
tions between said frame and said strip when
most sections are easily slidable; a depending
such sections are disposed in superimposed re
ilange portion extending along the outer edge of
lation therebetween.
"
the lowermost section and having its lower edge
3. An awning comprising a plurality of rela
disposed below the frame when the sections are
tively flat, slidably connected sections including
in extended position, said depending ñange por
an end section adapted to be secured to a sub
tion having spaced slots therein to engage over
stantially vertical supporting surface, a pin and
said spaced members of said frame; and means
slot connection between said end section and said
for moving said lowermost and intermediate sec
supporting surface to provide for relative adjust
nient of said end section, a frame member se
tions along said spaced members of said frame
40 from a position wherein said sections are ex
cured to the supporting surface and underlying
and supporting said sections, and means for
tended, to a position wherein they are superim
moving the remaining sections along the frame
member to positions beneath said end member,
the pin and slot connection between said end`
member and the supporting surface permitting
vertical movement of said end section whereby
the remaining sections may be disposed between
'7. An awning comprising an uppermost sec
tion, intermediate sections and a lowermost sec
said end section and frame when the sections
are arranged in superimposed relation.
4. An awning comprising a plurality of rela
tively flat, slidably connected sections adapted
for movement from an extended position to a
position wherein the sections are superimposed,
and including an end section provided with a
posed beneath the uppermost section.
tion slidably connected together, each section
including a top member and depending side por
tions, the lengths oi said sections and depending
side portions progressively decreasing from the
uppermost section to the lowermost section; a
frame having a downwardly and outwardly in
clined portion along which said sections are
freely slidable, the lower edges of the depending
side portions of said sections all lying in substan
tially the same horizontal plane when the sec
tions are in their extended positions; a depend
' ing flange extending along the outer edge of the
lowermost section and having its lower edge in
vertically extending, elongated slot; means pass
ing through said slot for securing said end sec
tion to a substantially vertical support and per
substantially the same horizontal plane occupied
mittine; said end section to move vertically with
by the lower edges of the side portions of the sec
respect to said support; a frame underlying the 60 tions when said sections are in their extended
sections when said sections are in either super
positions; and means for moving said sections
imposed or extended positions; a strip overlying
relative to each other and along the inclined por
the sections and frame and having an end por
tion of the frame from a position wherein the
tion provided with a vertically extending, elon
sections are extended, to a position wherein the
gated slot for engagement by the means which 65 sections are nested one within the other.
passes through the slot in the said end section
HERMAN MASHMEYER.
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