Патент USA US2407063код для вставки
SePt- 3, 1946- J. 5. DEL LLANO 7 2,407,063 CLOSURE DEVICE FOR RENDERING BOTTLES NONREFILLABLE Qriginal Filed March 21. 1942 ‘ W MM i135!“ 70”‘ \ "5’ AWWM WWW/7 "ATTORNEYS Patented Sept. 3, 1946 ‘ . 2,407,063 UNITED STATES‘ PATENT OFFICE' 2,407,063,. CLOSURE DEVICE FOR RENDERING' BOTTLES“ NONRE'FILLABLE Jose. Soto. del- Llano,‘ Habana. Cuba, assignor of; one-fourth, to Ricardo More Ferret, Habana, V Guha Original application March 21, 1942, Serial‘ No. 435;’710, now Patent N10. 2,318,382, dated‘ May» 4, 19431; Divided and this, application, March 1'5, 1.943, SBIIiaLNO- 479,194.- Ifn. Cuba-lune 2.1,v 18.104.22.168. 2;QlitimS.-‘ (Cl. 215-23) 1 2 This invention relates to non-re?llable con, casing being placed, on, an annular packing 3 ., ‘ . disposed on the; upper; edge of. the bottle 4 and being» retained in; position by a metal strap 5 contain high quality beverages, such as, for-in‘ ?tted on, a shoulder 6 formed on the neckv of stance, spirituous liquors, and it has for its: ob-._ bottle 4 and on; the conical or pyramidal portion ject the provision of‘ aclosure enclosing: a slid 7 joining the. casing I and its reduced portion 2. able valve which in the normal position. of? the The reduced portion]v has, its upper end closed bottle will tend to seal the latter by gravity‘ andv and provided withv a; pass opening 8, and the con which carries secured thereto by a pivotally con-. ical or pyramidal portion 1 has an inner annular nected ?exible fastening member a free dropping weight which Whenever the container is inclined 1.0. flange 9 whose; aperture, has threads II] to en gage the threaded: section II of a valve-carrying in- any inverted position or placed horizontally cylindrical member I2‘ Whose lower half portion and any liquid is intended to be injected from is of a thicker wall; to provide an upper valve the outside into the. exhausted container, such seat’ I3 and is provided with, a horizontal ?ange weight will act by gravity causing thevalve to. slide and seal the inlets forv the air and theliqui'd' 15. M extending outwards. to form a stop against the inner flange 9 of the casing, beneath same, to be introduced‘ in the container for re?lling whereby the member I2 can’ be threadedly in purposes. serted, within the; casing I while, the latter ha This application is a division of United States not yet been placed on the bottle 4. r‘ application Serial No. 435,710‘ now Patent No. The lower half portion of_ said valve-carrying 2,318,382, dated May 4, 1943. 20 cylindrical member I2 has a lower opening I5 The invention is described with reference to and a series of side openings, I6 in circular ar the figures of the accompanying drawing; of’ rangement at; its peripheral wall. The upper which: tainers, particularly to the bottles adapted! to, half; portion of said, valve-carrying cylindrical Fig. 1 is an outer elevational view of a bottle provided with the closure being the subject- 25 member I2 is, of a Wall thinner than the wall of the lower half portion and is opened above, the matter of‘ this invention, the metal strap forree same being adapted. to receive. the slidable valve taining the closurebeing shown partly cutaway. I'I which‘?ts, into; same and when resting on the. Fig. 2 is a diametral vertical sectional‘ view of‘ seat I3 covers a series of small openings I8 the closure and the. upper end of the-bottle; in the normal position of same. Fig. 3 is a view similar to that of-Fig». 2, shows-» ing the closure. parts in an inclined or inverted: position of the bottle. 7 formed in, circular arrangement in said upper half portion member I2 near the seat I3, the upper half; portion of. the valveecarrying member I2. being spaced from the; reduced portion 2 of the casing I, to» provide, an annular space I9, and the‘. lower half’ portion of said valve-carrying Fig. 4 is a detailed View showing in outer elevation the closure valve-carrying member, in " member I2; isalso spaced from the casing I to the normal position of the» bottle. provide an annular space 20. Figs. 5 and 6 are-cross-sectional viewson lines As the bottle II is placed in an‘ inverted or in 5--5 and 6‘—-6 of‘ Fig. 4. clined position to empty it, the closure parts are Fig; '7v is a detailed view- showing the closure valve-carrying member in a diametral vertical‘ 40 placed. in; the position; indicated in Fig. 3 of the drawing, that, is, the cap 24 slides, down until its section, in the fully inverted position of the-bottle. raised edge 25 strikes, against, the‘ closed end of Fig; 8'is a detailed view Showing in diametral section 2 of the casing, thereby uncovering the vertical section the closure valve-carrying mem series of small openings I8, and the valve I‘! ber, in the horizontal position of the bottle. Fig. 9 is a perspective View of the valve and 45 also slides down until it strikes against the closed outer end of cap 24 and carries along with it by its weight. means of the link 22 the weight 23 until resting Fig. 10 is an elevational view of a slidable on the edge of opening I5, whereby outer air auxiliary cap adapted to cover the outer end por has free acess through outer opening 8, notches tion of the valve-carrying member. This closure is composed of a casing I, either 50 26 of cap 24, annular space I9, openings I8, in cylindrical or of square section, which is opened at its lower end and extended above in a por tion of reduced diameter 2, and the same is ner hollow of cylindrical member, openings I6 and annular space 20, while the inner liquid in bottle 4 ?nds its way out through the side open ings I6 from the annular space 20, entering into preferably made of an interiorly tinned metal or of an alcohol-proof plastic material, said 55 the valve-carrying cylindrical member I2, leav 2,407,063 3 ing the latter through the small openings I8, and ?nally circulating through annular space I9 and notches 26 toward the outlet 8. Assuming the bottle in its inverted or inclined position, if an attempt should be made to inject liquid by pressure through opening 8, the liquid will enter and push inwardly the cap 24 and the valve I1, whereupon it will shut o? the communi 4 rest with its bottom against the mouth of the bottle, a cylindrical valve carrying member with in said casing and having its intermediate por tion ?xedly connected with an intermediate por tion of the casing, said valve carrying member having tubular end portions projecting from its ‘intermediate portion in opposite directions and providing annular spaces between said end por tions and the casing, said cylindrical valve carry I2 10 ing member having a valve seat between its ends cation between annular space I9 and the inside of the valve-carrying cylindrical member through small openings I8. If the bottle 4 is and the walls of the tubular end portions of said valve carrying member being provided with open ings at each side of said valve seat, a valve slid able by gravity within one projecting tubular end air, the weight 23 being adapted to drop freely, 16 portion of the valve carrying member, a weight extending from the other tubular end portion of in virtue of its own weight and the conical shape the valve carrying member and being ?exibly of both of its ends, it will slide on the edge of opening IE, drop into the inner space of casing I connected with said valve, and a cap slidable on placed in horizontal position, or if in this posi tion the bottle is submerged in a ?lled tank for re-?lling purposes, to facilitate the egress of inner (Fig. 8) and pull valve I‘! which, therefore, will the projecting tubular end portion containing slide inwards and obturate the series of small 20 said valve and adapted to free and obstruct re spectively the openings in said last named pro openings I3, thereby interrupting the egress of lecting tubular end portion of the valve carrying inner air and the entry of outer liquid, The valve member, and means for inviolably securing said I‘! has interiorly threaded a screw 2I to which is outer casing to the neck of the bottle. pivotally connected a link 22 from which is de 2. In a closure device for rendering bottles non pendent by pivotal connection a loose weight 23 25 re?llable, when attached to the mouth of the which remains depending across and beneath same, the combination of an outer casing with the opening I5. Said weight 23 is of double openings at its top and bottom and adapted to frustoconical shape with its larger section at the rest with its bottom against the mouth of the centre and having there a diameter greater than that of opening I5 and its ends sharpened so that 30 bottle, a cylindrical valve carrying member ?xed within said outer casing, and a valve movable in in the inclined or inverted position of the bottle said valve carrying member, said outer casing (Fig. 3) it will remain seated on the edge of having a stop ?ange at the end opposite its opening I5, thereby sealing the latter. mounting end on the mouth of the bottle and Preferably, the upper half portion of the valve~ carrying member I2 will carry adjustable and $5 being provided with an inwardly extending ?ange between its top and bottom, the valve carrying slidable mounted thereon a cap 24 opened below member being ?xed between its ends to said in and closed above, which has a raised upper edge 25 wardly extending ?ange of said outer casing and provided with a series of notches 26 forming a having tubular projections extending from the sort of crown. The functional operation of this closure is as 40 point of attachment to ‘said ?ange in opposite directions into the casing, each of said project follows: In the upright or normal position of the ing portions of the valve carrying member being bottle 4 (Fig. 2) no access is had into the bottle provided with a plurality of peripherally spaced 4, due to that the valve I'I rests by its own weight openings, said valve carrying member having a on the seat IS with the aid of the depending Weight 23 connected thereto, and the cap 24 also 45 valve seat intermediate said pluralities of pe ripherally spaced openings, said valve being slid~ rests by its own weight on the intermediate pro“ able in one tubular projection of the valve carry jecting portion of the member I 2 covering there ing member, a weight being ?exibly connected by all the small openings I8 in the upper half por With the valve and projecting from the opposite’ sible the re?lling of the bottle 4 in its upright 50 tubular projection of the valve carrying mem tion of the member [2, thereby rendering impos position. ber, and a hood slidable over that tubular pro vice as well as the nature of the material of which jection of the valve carrying member containing said valve, said hood being movable between the same is made may be varied, without by this reason. the essential character of the invention being considered as altered, within the scope of said outer casing and being adapted in one end position to obstruct the peripherally spaced open It is obvious that the shape of the closure de— the claims hereinafter. What I claim is: inwardly extending ?ange and the stop ?ange of ings in that tubular projection containing said valve and being limited in its movement in the opposite direction by said stop ?ange of the outer 1. In a closure device for rendering bottles non re?llable, when attached to the mouth of the 60 casing, and means for inviolably securing the outer casing to the neck of the bottle. same, the combination of an outer casing with openings at its top and bottom and adapted to JOSE SOTO DEL LLANO.