Патент USA US2407119код для вставки
Sept. 3, 1946. H. WESTON 2,407,119 1 ACCOUNTING AND'FiLING SYSTEM Filed Dec. 26, 1941 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 l0154n.!-ird'huv? INVENTOR _ ?F/FBf/f'f 142C570” BY MR “ML ?mu ATTORNEYS Sept. 3, 1946. 0 2,407,119 H. WESTON - ACCOUNTING AND FILING SYSTEM Filed Dec. 26, 1941 ' 5 Sheets-Sheet 2' ix: 5 __ _ r _ ::______ E “K I, .WNRN, ________ _.___ E: ‘5. I____ _ ____ ._ =_I _»_._ QM .. . ‘ ; I; 52 a Q “1 . INVENTOR. . ¢.wE. ' - BY ?éwazer Mara/v ‘ _ ' WQKJL 21M ATTORNEYS Sept. ,3, 1946._ H. WESTON ' 2,407,119 ACCOUNTING AND FILING SYSTEM Filed Dec. 26, 1941 ' 3 Sheets-Sheet s ATTORNEYS ‘ Patented Sept. 3, 1946 2,407,119 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,407,119 ACCOUNTING AND FILING SYSTEM Herbert Weston, New York, N. Y.; vested in the Alien Property Custodian ‘ Application December 26, 1941, Serial No. 424,406 2 Claims.‘ (Cl. 129-416) 1 a 2 which the invention may be realized and in This invention relates generally to card indexes or card registers of the kind in which the index cards or ‘sheets have certain structural ,char acteristics adapted to cooperate with portions of which}: Figure 1 is a view in end elevation showing a portable tray ‘of this invention in which the various features are incorporated, the side walls a container or holder for the cards to permit being shown in open position in full lines and in the positioning of the cards in relative oifset rela closed position in broken lines; tion whereby portions of all such cards will be Figure 2 is a detail view showing a modi?ed visible. More particularly, the invention relates feature of the invention; to containers for the cards whereby such cards Figure 3 is a view in side elevation of the port may be readily arranged and handled. Account 10 able tray of Figure 1, parts being removed to ing and ?ling systems of this character are dis show details of construction; closed and claimed in United States Patents No. Figure 4 is a fragmentary view in plan looking 1,713,945 granted May 21, 1929; No.. 1,975,566 from above in Figure 1; granted October 2, 1934; and No. 2,192,178 Figure 5 is a view showing in plan a card posi granted March 5, 1940. ‘ ‘ It has been proposed to employ slotted or aper tioning device of'this invention, the intermediate tured cards cooperating with supporting or posi portion being broken away in the interest of com pactness; ' tioning ribs and the like whereby the cards are Figure 6 is a view in side elevation showing a offset either vertically or horizontallywith re spect to one another and in its simplest form, this 20 detail of the structure shown in Figure 5 and arrangement involved slotting the cards along the taken in the plane indicated by the line 6—-6 of lower edges thereof for horizontal offsetting as that ?gure; Figure '7 is a view in front elevation showing a well as vertical offsetting. In my Patent No. 2,374,965 dated May 1, 1945, ‘ cabinet within which a plurality of portable trays are disposed; I have proposed portable trays which were adapted to stand upon a table or desk or be slid Figure 8 is a transverse, vertical, sectional view taken in the plane indicated by the line 8—8 of able in cabinets and having pivoted side walls, Figure 7 and looking in the direction of the ar the bottom of the tray being provided with a number of positioning bars to be received in the rows; ‘so Figure 9 is a fragmentary view showing a detail slots in the cards. of the tray in position with respect to a position One object of‘the invention is portable car riers or trays each receiving a plurality of index ing track; and cards and which may be severally disposed in a Figure 10 is a view in perspective showing a cabinet in a compact arrangement while at the center piece of simple construction adapted to same time side wall portions of the portable trays 35 support the movable walls of the trays in a con are capable of angular displacement to afford tainer. inclined supporting surfaces for the cards in The portable tray of this invention, indicated ready reading position. generally by the reference character I l, comprises It is also an object‘of the invention to provide a rectangular base member having a bottom 12 portable trays or other containers which may ac 40 and integral side walls [4 and the end members l6 which are of, uniform height with the other commodate cards or sheets in which the slots in the lower edges vary in relative spacing.‘ walls of the base member. The end members are formed at their ends with inwardly turned ?anges Another object of the invention is a portable tray the parts of which may be readily assembled 45 l8 ?tting between the side walls and, con veniently, spot welded thereto. in mass production. ‘ Pivotally mounted upon the side walls [4 are movable side members 20. These side members 20 are pivotally mounted as by elongated butt The invention also seeks constructions which are practical from the standpoint of ease and practicability of manufacture and convenienc and durability in use. ‘ ' ‘ These and other objects of the invention and the means for their attainment will be more ap parent from the following detailed description taken in connection with the , accompanying 50 hinges 22 extending substantially the length of the side walls but terminating short of the ends thereof. ()ne wing of the hinges 22 is secured to the respective side walls I4 and the other wing is secured to the movable sides 20 retaining the ad drawings illustrating various embodiments by 55 jacent edges slightly spaced to permit movement 2,407,119 3 4 of the sides outwardly past the vertical through six-tenths of an inch apart, while for cards hav ing slots of one and two-tenths inches, the bars an angle of about 20°. Outward movement of the sides 20 with respect to the side walls M is limited by engagement of the lower edge of the movable sides 20 with the upper edge of the sides M. In other words, the upper edges of the side walls l4 serve as stops were spaced one and two-tenths inches (from cen ter to center). According to another modi?ca tion, the ladder-like frame of this invention is comprised of bars spaced one and two-tenths inches apart which will accommodate cards with slots spaced six-tenths of an inch apart as well against which the lower edges of the movable as cards with slots spaced one and two-tenths of sides 23 abut when in their outwardly inclined 10 an inch apart. These four spacings are those position. most commonly required and by this invention To afford more certain positioning of the mov only two sizes of ladder-like frames are required able sides 20 of the portable tray of this inven instead of four as would be the case if the prior tion, the upper edges of the sides M are turned outwardly and the lower edges of the movable art were followed. For convenience and cheap sides 29 are also turned outwardly as shown at 15 ness of manufacture,'the members of the ladder 24 in Figure 2, so that these two outwardly turned like frame are shown as made of wire but it will be obvious that other structural shapes may be edges engage one another and the lowermost cute wardly turned edge serves as a stop engageable availed of, if desired. The bars 3| are supported from the under side of longitudinal frame mem by the outwardly turned edge of the movable side here 32. To support these bars at the desired dis members 22‘, and thus hold these movable sides 20 in position as inclined surfaces against which the tance above the bottom of the portable tray so that the bottom edges of the cards may rest on index cards disposed in the carrier may be sup the bottom of the tray and be merely positioned ported in inclined position during an examina and not supported by the bars, the bars may be tion of the cards therein, as will be understood. On the uppermost portion of the movable side 25 provided with lugs 33 spot welded thereto adjacent the respective ends of the bars which raise the members 2i} and proximate the upper edges there bars a predetermined distance above the bottom of, the portable trays of this invention are pro of the portable tray. vided with handles 26 which are shown in Figure In the interest of convenience of manufacture 3 as formed of rods or wire bent in the form of trapezoids and of dimensions such that the hand 30 and assembly, the bars or the ladder-like frame may be passed therethrough conveniently. The are not secured to the bottom of the tray as in the prior art but the ladder-like structure of adjoining ends of these bent rods are held in po Figure 5, separately formed as a unit, is insertable sition by semi-cylindrical lugs 23 which are so and removable in the portable trays. This affords cured, as by spot welding, to the movable sides 28 in close proximity to their upper edges. By this 35 not only ease of manufacture but permits re placement and substitution of the bars in a con construction, the handle can be applied in the tainer to ?t or accommodate itself to the particu lug on to the side in one operation. Thus when lar disposition of slots in the cards which may be a group of cards is disposed within a tray and it used in a particular tray. Thus, the ladder-like desired to remove the tray from a receptacle structure is insertable and removable from the and carry it to a table or desk for examination of container in the following manner: To position the respective cards, the tray may be carried con the bars properly in the bottom of the tray, the veniently from one point to another by the ends of the longitudinally extending wires 32 are handles 26. Ribs 30 may be formed in the sides bent outwardly, as at 35, and extend outwardly 25 to add strength to the construction. Transversely, preferably, of the longer dimen sion of the portable tray, the base member is pro vided with positioning members in the form of rods or bars 3| engageable by the slots or cut-out portions in the bottom of the cards, as will be understood. These positioning members are con- 1 veniently formed of round rods or wires which may be spot welded, in parallel relation, to the lowermost portions of longitudinally extending rods or wires which serve to support the posi - from the outermost bars so that there is some degree of movement permissible due to resiliency. The transverse dimension or spacing of the outer edges of these outwardly bent ends of the sup porting bars are such as to snugly ?t within the space de?ned by the side walls [4 of the tray and to permit these bars to be readily positioned in and held in place or removed from the bottom of the tray by ?exing the wires 32. The hinges 22 which support the movable sides 28 from the side walls I 4 of the base terminate a su?icient distance short of the ends it of the tray to permit this ladder-like member to be passed downwardly between the end of the hinges and the ends [6 to assume a position resting upon the bottom in which the slots were spaced from one another 60 of , the tray with the ends 35 yieldingly held against the sides M, as shown in Figures 1, 3 and at intervals of one-half an inch (from center to 4. It has heretofore been proposed to prevent center) were accommodated by spacing the bars tioning bars in position and form a ladder-like structure. The spacing of the positioning bars of Figure 1 may be such that cards having slots of different spacings may be positioned by the same ladder-like positioning frame. Heretofore cards one-half inch apart, . Cards in which the slots were spaced from one another at intervals of an inch (from center to center) were accommodated by spacing the bars the cards slipping on the surface, and thus being displaced, by applying a piece of fabric, such as canvas, on the surface on which the cards stand. Adhesive is required to secure the fabric in place ladder-like positioning device of this invention, and difficulty is experienced in the application of the fabric because the fabric stretches. It is the bars in one modi?cation are spaced one inch therefore proposed ‘that the bottom of the trays apart from center to center thus accommodating cards with slots either spaced one-half inch where alternate slots only are engaged by a bar on which the cards rest be provided with a wrinkle ?nish as by a thickened lacquer. In Patent No. 2,374,965, a table or the like is illustrated on which is mounted a rotatable cabinet adapted to con an inch apart (from center to center). In the or one inch where every slot is engaged by a bar. Similarly, where the slots in the cards were spaced , six-tenths of an inch apart; the bars were spaced ' tain a plurality of portable trays. Such a cabinet 31 is illustrated in Figure 7 and is representative, 2,407,119 5 for the purpose of this application, either of the turn-table of the application or a drawer or any These tracks 65 are arranged back to back, Fig other receptacle for portable trays. The length, - trays are supported on the horizontal ?anges which is the transverse direction as viewed in thereof. The free edges of the vertical sides of the angles terminate short of or substantially in the same horizontal plane as the upper edges of Figure 7, is su?icient to receive the portable trays H transversely and any number of such trays may be incorporated in the cabinet along its length although in Figure '7, in the interest of compactness of illustration, only two such trays ure 7, on the bottom of the cabinet so that the the sides 54 of the trays intermediate the upper and lower edges of these angles the edges are pressed outwardly to form elongated recesses are illustrated. The drawer or cabinet of Figure 10 68 which‘ are engaged by ribs‘le on the adjacent tray sides Hl. Each tray can be readily pulled '7 is provided with end walls 439 which are ?xed out of the cabinet without obstruction offered by in position and a rear wall 4| similarly ?xed in adjacent trays. In Figure 8, the tracks extend, position while the front wall, not shown, may, as illustrated, forwardly to what may be consid as in the Patent No. 2,374,965, if desired although not necessarily, be pivoted to move downwardly 15 ered the front or open side of the cabinet and the upper edges 12 of these tracks are substantially out of the way to permit the portable trays H horizontal for the rear half thereof. From the to be drawn outwardly in a horizontal direction midpoint toward the front, as at 14, the tracks and thus avoid the necessity of lifting them out decrease progressively in height to the front edge of the box-like cabinet 3|. It is provided at each to facilitate the entrance and removal of the end with an inclined inner surface 43 on the end portable tray. walls 39 to permit the sides I4 of the portable The purpose and operation of the several fea trays and the cards 45 therein to be shifted from tures of the invention have been described in one inclined position through a vertical position conjunction with the description of the several to the opposite inclined position in order that an examination may be made of desired cards when 25 parts and no further description of the operation of the device is deemed necessary. Su?ice it to in position in the cabinet. say that card index cabinets have been pro Similarly, there is shown, midway between the vided which are readilymanufactured in a sim ends of the cabinet what is termed a center piece ple fashion to meet every requirement of business or partition indicated generally at 41 having in clined walls against which the movable sides 20 30 and in which many mechanical changes may‘ be made without the use of tools. of the portable trays l I may rest to likewise facili Various modi?cations will occur to those skilled tate the shifting of the cards while in the cabinet. in the art in the composition, con?guration and Such a member 41 may be inserted anywhere in disposition of the component elements going to a cabinet to take the ‘place of a tray that has been removed. In the illustrated embodiment, 35 make up the invention as a whole as well as in the selection and combination of particular fea this intermediate wall member 41 with the in clined walls is a removable member and is also tures to satisfy speci?c situations and no lim itation is intended by the phraseology of the formed of wire. Conveniently each end of the foregoing description or illustrations in the ac removable member is formed of a continuous piece of wire consisting of a transverse bottom portion 40 companying drawings except as indicated in the appended claims. 49 from which the portions 5| are upwardly bent What is claimed is: at right angles thereto and then angularly bent as inclined portions 53 to unite‘ in a reversely 1. In a receptacle for card indexing devices comprising a container, positioning means for bent curved upper portion 55 as they gradually approach one another. The two curved portions 45 Cards comprising a ladder-like structure having longitudinally extending members formed with of each end are united by a longitudinally ex— outwardly bent ends to engage the side walls of tending wire 51. The bottom ends are united by wires 59 running longitudinally. Longitudinal the container, transversely extending positioning members secured in predetermined spaced rela wires Bl parallel thereto unite the ends of the vertical wire portions. Transverse wires 66 unite 50 tion below the longitudinally extending members and lugs on the transversely extending position the respective longitudinal wires 6|. All of these ing members to support the ladder-like structure wires are conveniently spot Welded together to at a predetermined distance above the bottom of form a rigid but removable frame which can be the container. moved from place to place as desired in the cabi 2. In a receptacle for card indexing devices, in net or remain stationary at the center to support 55 combination, a portable tray for cards disposed the movable sides 20 when the contents of a par in echelon comprising a rectangular bottom hav ticular portable tray is to be examined. ing upwardly extending sides and movable side It will be observed that the side walls 20 of the walls hingedly connected to opposed sides, and ' portable trays are capable of a movement through an angle of about 30° on each side of a vertical 60 a unitary ladder-like member adapted to remov ably ?t within the bottom and comprising a pair plane including the side walls M of the trays. of laterally spaced longitudinally extending rela This is made possible by the type of hinge con tively resilient rod-like members, and a plurality nection illustrated and by the predetermined of transversely extending rod-like card position length and relation of the abutments or stops 24 on the side walls of the trays. Furthermore, by 65 ing members disposed in spaced relation and se cured proximate their ends to the longitudinally placing the hinged connection inwardly of the extending members, the ends of said longitudir plane of the side walls, close positioning of the nally extending members being outwardly bent trays is possible, but adjacent trays are not re to yieldingly engage the side walls of the tray quired to afford support for the sides of one an 70 to removably position the ladder-like member other. in the tray, whereby the ladder-like member may To prevent a tray from tipping over and to be manually inserted and retained in position guide the trays in and out of the cabinet, tracks and manually removed. 66 are provided. These take the form of angle HERBERT WESTON. irons extending transversely of the cabinet.