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Патент USA US2407119

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Sept. 3, 1946.
Filed Dec. 26, 1941
3 Sheets-Sheet 1
?F/FBf/f'f 142C570”
MR “ML ?mu
Sept. 3, 1946.
Filed Dec. 26, 1941
5 Sheets-Sheet 2'
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Sept. ,3, 1946._
Filed Dec. 26, 1941
3 Sheets-Sheet s
Patented Sept. 3, 1946
Herbert Weston, New York, N. Y.; vested in the
Alien Property Custodian
Application December 26, 1941, Serial No. 424,406
2 Claims.‘ (Cl. 129-416)
which the invention may be realized and in
This invention relates generally to card indexes
or card registers of the kind in which the index
cards or ‘sheets have certain structural ,char
acteristics adapted to cooperate with portions of
Figure 1 is a view in end elevation showing a
portable tray ‘of this invention in which the
various features are incorporated, the side walls
a container or holder for the cards to permit
being shown in open position in full lines and in
the positioning of the cards in relative oifset rela
closed position in broken lines;
tion whereby portions of all such cards will be
Figure 2 is a detail view showing a modi?ed
visible. More particularly, the invention relates
feature of the invention;
to containers for the cards whereby such cards
Figure 3 is a view in side elevation of the port
may be readily arranged and handled. Account 10
able tray of Figure 1, parts being removed to
ing and ?ling systems of this character are dis
show details of construction;
closed and claimed in United States Patents No.
Figure 4 is a fragmentary view in plan looking
1,713,945 granted May 21, 1929; No.. 1,975,566
from above in Figure 1;
granted October 2, 1934; and No. 2,192,178
Figure 5 is a view showing in plan a card posi
granted March 5, 1940. ‘
It has been proposed to employ slotted or aper
tioning device of'this invention, the intermediate
tured cards cooperating with supporting or posi
portion being broken away in the interest of com
tioning ribs and the like whereby the cards are
Figure 6 is a view in side elevation showing a
offset either vertically or horizontallywith re
spect to one another and in its simplest form, this 20 detail of the structure shown in Figure 5 and
arrangement involved slotting the cards along the
taken in the plane indicated by the line 6—-6 of
lower edges thereof for horizontal offsetting as
that ?gure;
Figure '7 is a view in front elevation showing a
well as vertical offsetting.
In my Patent No. 2,374,965 dated May 1, 1945, ‘ cabinet within which a plurality of portable trays
are disposed;
I have proposed portable trays which were
adapted to stand upon a table or desk or be slid
Figure 8 is a transverse, vertical, sectional view
taken in the plane indicated by the line 8—8 of
able in cabinets and having pivoted side walls,
Figure 7 and looking in the direction of the ar
the bottom of the tray being provided with a
number of positioning bars to be received in the
‘so Figure 9 is a fragmentary view showing a detail
slots in the cards.
of the tray in position with respect to a position
One object of‘the invention is portable car
riers or trays each receiving a plurality of index
ing track; and
cards and which may be severally disposed in a
Figure 10 is a view in perspective showing a
cabinet in a compact arrangement while at the
center piece of simple construction adapted to
same time side wall portions of the portable trays 35 support the movable walls of the trays in a con
are capable of angular displacement to afford
inclined supporting surfaces for the cards in
The portable tray of this invention, indicated
ready reading position.
generally by the reference character I l, comprises
It is also an object‘of the invention to provide
a rectangular base member having a bottom 12
portable trays or other containers which may ac 40 and integral side walls [4 and the end members
l6 which are of, uniform height with the other
commodate cards or sheets in which the slots in
the lower edges vary in relative spacing.‘
walls of the base member. The end members are
formed at their ends with inwardly turned ?anges
Another object of the invention is a portable
tray the parts of which may be readily assembled 45 l8 ?tting between the side walls and, con
veniently, spot welded thereto.
in mass production.
Pivotally mounted upon the side walls [4 are
movable side members 20. These side members
20 are pivotally mounted as by elongated butt
The invention also seeks constructions which
are practical from the standpoint of ease and
practicability of manufacture and convenienc
and durability in use.
' ‘
These and other objects of the invention and
the means for their attainment will be more ap
parent from the following detailed description
taken in connection with the , accompanying
hinges 22 extending substantially the length of
the side walls but terminating short of the ends
thereof. ()ne wing of the hinges 22 is secured to
the respective side walls I4 and the other wing is
secured to the movable sides 20 retaining the ad
drawings illustrating various embodiments by 55 jacent edges slightly spaced to permit movement
of the sides outwardly past the vertical through
six-tenths of an inch apart, while for cards hav
ing slots of one and two-tenths inches, the bars
an angle of about 20°.
Outward movement of the sides 20 with respect
to the side walls M is limited by engagement of
the lower edge of the movable sides 20 with the
upper edge of the sides M. In other words, the
upper edges of the side walls l4 serve as stops
were spaced one and two-tenths inches (from cen
ter to center). According to another modi?ca
tion, the ladder-like frame of this invention is
comprised of bars spaced one and two-tenths
inches apart which will accommodate cards with
slots spaced six-tenths of an inch apart as well
against which the lower edges of the movable
as cards with slots spaced one and two-tenths of
sides 23 abut when in their outwardly inclined
10 an inch apart. These four spacings are those
most commonly required and by this invention
To afford more certain positioning of the mov
only two sizes of ladder-like frames are required
able sides 20 of the portable tray of this inven
instead of four as would be the case if the prior
tion, the upper edges of the sides M are turned
outwardly and the lower edges of the movable
art were followed. For convenience and cheap
sides 29 are also turned outwardly as shown at 15 ness of manufacture,'the members of the ladder
24 in Figure 2, so that these two outwardly turned
like frame are shown as made of wire but it will
be obvious that other structural shapes may be
edges engage one another and the lowermost cute
wardly turned edge serves as a stop engageable
availed of, if desired. The bars 3| are supported
from the under side of longitudinal frame mem
by the outwardly turned edge of the movable side
here 32. To support these bars at the desired dis
members 22‘, and thus hold these movable sides 20
in position as inclined surfaces against which the
tance above the bottom of the portable tray so
that the bottom edges of the cards may rest on
index cards disposed in the carrier may be sup
the bottom of the tray and be merely positioned
ported in inclined position during an examina
and not supported by the bars, the bars may be
tion of the cards therein, as will be understood.
On the uppermost portion of the movable side 25 provided with lugs 33 spot welded thereto adjacent
the respective ends of the bars which raise the
members 2i} and proximate the upper edges there
bars a predetermined distance above the bottom
of, the portable trays of this invention are pro
of the portable tray.
vided with handles 26 which are shown in Figure
In the interest of convenience of manufacture
3 as formed of rods or wire bent in the form of
trapezoids and of dimensions such that the hand 30 and assembly, the bars or the ladder-like frame
may be passed therethrough conveniently. The
are not secured to the bottom of the tray as in
the prior art but the ladder-like structure of
adjoining ends of these bent rods are held in po
Figure 5, separately formed as a unit, is insertable
sition by semi-cylindrical lugs 23 which are so
and removable in the portable trays. This affords
cured, as by spot welding, to the movable sides
28 in close proximity to their upper edges. By this 35 not only ease of manufacture but permits re
placement and substitution of the bars in a con
construction, the handle can be applied in the
tainer to ?t or accommodate itself to the particu
lug on to the side in one operation. Thus when
lar disposition of slots in the cards which may be
a group of cards is disposed within a tray and it
used in a particular tray. Thus, the ladder-like
desired to remove the tray from a receptacle
structure is insertable and removable from the
and carry it to a table or desk for examination of
container in the following manner: To position
the respective cards, the tray may be carried con
the bars properly in the bottom of the tray, the
veniently from one point to another by the
ends of the longitudinally extending wires 32 are
handles 26. Ribs 30 may be formed in the sides
bent outwardly, as at 35, and extend outwardly
25 to add strength to the construction.
Transversely, preferably, of the longer dimen
sion of the portable tray, the base member is pro
vided with positioning members in the form of
rods or bars 3| engageable by the slots or cut-out
portions in the bottom of the cards, as will be
understood. These positioning members are con- 1
veniently formed of round rods or wires which
may be spot welded, in parallel relation, to the
lowermost portions of longitudinally extending
rods or wires which serve to support the posi
- from the outermost bars so that there is some
degree of movement permissible due to resiliency.
The transverse dimension or spacing of the outer
edges of these outwardly bent ends of the sup
porting bars are such as to snugly ?t within the
space de?ned by the side walls [4 of the tray
and to permit these bars to be readily positioned
in and held in place or removed from the bottom
of the tray by ?exing the wires 32. The hinges
22 which support the movable sides 28 from the
side walls I 4 of the base terminate a su?icient
distance short of the ends it of the tray to permit
this ladder-like member to be passed downwardly
between the end of the hinges and the ends [6
to assume a position resting upon the bottom
in which the slots were spaced from one another 60 of , the tray with the ends 35 yieldingly held
against the sides M, as shown in Figures 1, 3 and
at intervals of one-half an inch (from center to
4. It has heretofore been proposed to prevent
center) were accommodated by spacing the bars
tioning bars in position and form a ladder-like
structure. The spacing of the positioning bars of
Figure 1 may be such that cards having slots of
different spacings may be positioned by the same
ladder-like positioning frame. Heretofore cards
one-half inch apart,
Cards in which the slots were spaced from one
another at intervals of an inch (from center to
center) were accommodated by spacing the bars
the cards slipping on the surface, and thus being
displaced, by applying a piece of fabric, such as
canvas, on the surface on which the cards stand.
Adhesive is required to secure the fabric in place
ladder-like positioning device of this invention,
and difficulty is experienced in the application of
the fabric because the fabric stretches. It is
the bars in one modi?cation are spaced one inch
therefore proposed ‘that the bottom of the trays
apart from center to center thus accommodating
cards with slots either spaced one-half inch
where alternate slots only are engaged by a bar
on which the cards rest be provided with a wrinkle
?nish as by a thickened lacquer. In Patent No.
2,374,965, a table or the like is illustrated on which
is mounted a rotatable cabinet adapted to con
an inch apart (from center to center). In the
or one inch where every slot is engaged by a bar.
Similarly, where the slots in the cards were spaced ,
six-tenths of an inch apart; the bars were spaced '
tain a plurality of portable trays. Such a cabinet
31 is illustrated in Figure 7 and is representative,
for the purpose of this application, either of the
turn-table of the application or a drawer or any
These tracks 65 are arranged back to back, Fig
other receptacle for portable trays. The length,
- trays are supported on the horizontal ?anges
which is the transverse direction as viewed in
thereof. The free edges of the vertical sides of
the angles terminate short of or substantially in
the same horizontal plane as the upper edges of
Figure 7, is su?icient to receive the portable trays
H transversely and any number of such trays
may be incorporated in the cabinet along its
length although in Figure '7, in the interest of
compactness of illustration, only two such trays
ure 7, on the bottom of the cabinet so that the
the sides 54 of the trays
intermediate the
upper and lower edges of these angles the edges
are pressed outwardly to form elongated recesses
are illustrated. The drawer or cabinet of Figure 10 68 which‘ are engaged by ribs‘le on the adjacent
tray sides Hl. Each tray can be readily pulled
'7 is provided with end walls 439 which are ?xed
out of the cabinet without obstruction offered by
in position and a rear wall 4| similarly ?xed in
adjacent trays. In Figure 8, the tracks extend,
position while the front wall, not shown, may,
as illustrated, forwardly to what may be consid
as in the Patent No. 2,374,965, if desired although
not necessarily, be pivoted to move downwardly 15 ered the front or open side of the cabinet and the
upper edges 12 of these tracks are substantially
out of the way to permit the portable trays H
horizontal for the rear half thereof. From the
to be drawn outwardly in a horizontal direction
midpoint toward the front, as at 14, the tracks
and thus avoid the necessity of lifting them out
decrease progressively in height to the front edge
of the box-like cabinet 3|. It is provided at each
to facilitate the entrance and removal of the
end with an inclined inner surface 43 on the end
portable tray.
walls 39 to permit the sides I4 of the portable
The purpose and operation of the several fea
trays and the cards 45 therein to be shifted from
tures of the invention have been described in
one inclined position through a vertical position
conjunction with the description of the several
to the opposite inclined position in order that an
examination may be made of desired cards when 25 parts and no further description of the operation
of the device is deemed necessary. Su?ice it to
in position in the cabinet.
say that card index cabinets have been pro
Similarly, there is shown, midway between the
vided which are readilymanufactured in a sim
ends of the cabinet what is termed a center piece
ple fashion to meet every requirement of business
or partition indicated generally at 41 having in
clined walls against which the movable sides 20 30 and in which many mechanical changes may‘
be made without the use of tools.
of the portable trays l I may rest to likewise facili
Various modi?cations will occur to those skilled
tate the shifting of the cards while in the cabinet.
in the art in the composition, con?guration and
Such a member 41 may be inserted anywhere in
disposition of the component elements going to
a cabinet to take the ‘place of a tray that has
been removed. In the illustrated embodiment, 35 make up the invention as a whole as well as in
the selection and combination of particular fea
this intermediate wall member 41 with the in
clined walls is a removable member and is also
tures to satisfy speci?c situations and no lim
itation is intended by the phraseology of the
formed of wire. Conveniently each end of the
foregoing description or illustrations in the ac
removable member is formed of a continuous piece
of wire consisting of a transverse bottom portion 40 companying drawings except as indicated in the
appended claims.
49 from which the portions 5| are upwardly bent
What is claimed is:
at right angles thereto and then angularly bent
as inclined portions 53 to unite‘ in a reversely
1. In a receptacle for card indexing devices
comprising a container, positioning means for
bent curved upper portion 55 as they gradually
approach one another. The two curved portions 45 Cards comprising a ladder-like structure having
longitudinally extending members formed with
of each end are united by a longitudinally ex—
outwardly bent ends to engage the side walls of
tending wire 51. The bottom ends are united by
wires 59 running longitudinally. Longitudinal
the container, transversely extending positioning
members secured in predetermined spaced rela
wires Bl parallel thereto unite the ends of the
vertical wire portions. Transverse wires 66 unite 50 tion below the longitudinally extending members
and lugs on the transversely extending position
the respective longitudinal wires 6|. All of these
ing members to support the ladder-like structure
wires are conveniently spot Welded together to
at a predetermined distance above the bottom of
form a rigid but removable frame which can be
the container.
moved from place to place as desired in the cabi
2. In a receptacle for card indexing devices, in
net or remain stationary at the center to support 55
combination, a portable tray for cards disposed
the movable sides 20 when the contents of a par
in echelon comprising a rectangular bottom hav
ticular portable tray is to be examined.
ing upwardly extending sides and movable side
It will be observed that the side walls 20 of the
walls hingedly connected to opposed sides, and
' portable trays are capable of a movement through
an angle of about 30° on each side of a vertical 60 a unitary ladder-like member adapted to remov
ably ?t within the bottom and comprising a pair
plane including the side walls M of the trays.
of laterally spaced longitudinally extending rela
This is made possible by the type of hinge con
tively resilient rod-like members, and a plurality
nection illustrated and by the predetermined
of transversely extending rod-like card position
length and relation of the abutments or stops 24
on the side walls of the trays. Furthermore, by 65 ing members disposed in spaced relation and se
cured proximate their ends to the longitudinally
placing the hinged connection inwardly of the
extending members, the ends of said longitudir
plane of the side walls, close positioning of the
nally extending members being outwardly bent
trays is possible, but adjacent trays are not re
to yieldingly engage the side walls of the tray
quired to afford support for the sides of one an
70 to removably position the ladder-like member
in the tray, whereby the ladder-like member may
To prevent a tray from tipping over and to
be manually inserted and retained in position
guide the trays in and out of the cabinet, tracks
and manually removed.
66 are provided. These take the form of angle
irons extending transversely of the cabinet.
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