Патент USA US2407125код для вставки
Sept- 3, 1946‘ LAUNDRY w. J. ASHER MACHINE - 2,407,125 ‘ Filed March 21, 1945“ 1.7 L %/////6 / 0 ° ~- - ?azzmwameg .' ‘ l WW8. 1 2,407,125 Patented Sept. 3, 1946 UNITED STATES 1“ PATENT OFFICE. . 2,407,125 ’ LAUNDRY MACHINE William ‘J. Asher, Colorado Springs, 6610'. Application March 21, 1945, Serial N0. 583,928 10 Claims. (or. 223"»521) . i 2 1 This invention relates to pressing machines, and i more particularly to bucks for such machines used for pressing collars, either the separate type or those attached to shirts. It is a general object of the present invention to provide a novel and improved collar pressing buck capable of so shaping the collar that its ?t, appearance and tie accommodating character istics are materially improved. More particularly it is an object of the inven tion to provide a buck and corresponding pressing surface for ‘pressing men’s collars which is capable . 5 a source of continual annoyance. in the stif?y starched collars the neckband portion always seems to be of too great a length in respect to the outer or visible fold- so that when the tie is tight ened thereis a buckling of the neckband into substantially vertical ridges which are both un comfortable and unsightly. If the collar is of the detached type and is starched to that degree re ferred to as _“s-tiff,” the tendency to buckle is not so prevalent, but in bending the collar. in the .19 sci-called turning or folding operationathe sub stantially identical lengths of the neckband ‘and. outer fold are such that these‘are pulled into al of imparting to the collar‘, before turning. such most direct‘ contact‘, particularly at the back. and outer portions are separated by a greater .15 This makes it extremely di?icult not only to intro~ a shape that in its ?nished form the neck-band amount, especially at the back, than is provided ‘ ‘duce a necktiebut, after the collar is buttoned and the tie partially tied, great resistance is offered by the usual pressing‘ service, whereby space is to sliding the tie lengthwise between the folds ‘provided for convenient sliding ‘of the necktie. of the collar and adjusting it. ‘Sometimes it is It is an important feature of the invention to almost impossible and occasionally ties are torn provide a buck having a collar-engaging surface in attempting to slide them. shaped so as to provide relative contraction in The present invention provides a buck for use length to the neckband portion of the‘collar in on a steam heated pressing machine which is respect to the‘ outer fold thereof, whereby when capable of automatically shaping the two folds the collar is turned and bent into its circular form the neckband is of smaller diameter and circum 25 of the collar so that in the turning operation space is provided between them for reception of the ference than the visible fold providing the’dcsi‘red necktie. At the same time the collar is so shaped tie space. as to provide additional comfort and improved fit Other and further features and objects of the invention will be more apparent to those skilled in the art upon a consideration of the accompany and appearance. The more progressive laundriesv no longer iron ing drawing and following speci?cation wherein collars, shirts and similar garments by hand, but disclosed a single exemplary embodiment of the invention, with the understanding that certain changes in form, materials, construction and use may be made as fall within the scope of the ap pended claims without departing from the spirit of the invention. In said drawing: Fig. l is a plan View of a collar buck constructed press them on machines‘ quite similar to those in accordance with my invention shown with a suit coats, etc., but in the pressing of collars such bucks are customarily substantially flat so that collar attached shirt having its collar in position thereon for pressing; . Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the buck shown positioned beneath a pressing head; . used for pressing suits. Such machines normally include a lower and usually stationary table pr~~ vided with suitable resilient padding and a fabric cover on which the garment to be pressed is spread. In the usual parlance of the industry this is referred to as‘ a “buck.” Bucks of various shapes‘ are used to provide for shaping parts of the collar is pressed with both folds in the same plane and as nearly flat as possible on the soft resilient surface.- ,To dry and ?nish the collar on Fig. 3 is a transverse vertical section on line 45 ‘the buck and to provide the pressure and heat, a 3--3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 1i is a central transverse vertical section metal. ‘pressing element-‘is movably supported for line 5-—5 of Fig. 2; and cooperation with the buck and superimposed collar. It is usually steam heated and its smooth undersurface is shaped complementary to the upper buck surface. The present device‘ is inde Fig. 6 is a View of a collar after pressing on the buck of the present invention shown super imposed on a collar pressed flat in the usual man ing steam and the like and relates‘ particularly to the surface con?guration of the buck for forming ner. the collar to the desired shape. Naturally the taken on line 4—4 of Fig. 2; ' ‘ Fig. 5 is a transverse vertical section taken on pendent of the‘ arrangement for heating, provid Men’s collars as now laundered and pressed are 55 pressing surface is shaped as acomplement to that 2,407,125 3 4 of the buck, taking into account the padding applied to the latter. In the following description the buck alone tached to the shirt in the case of an attached col lar, closest to the curved edge of the buck. is described as to shape and con?guration, it be ing understood that appropriate padding and cov Collars are made from ?at plies of fabric folded and stitched so that the neckband and outer fold meet on the curved fold line 32, which is usually ering cloths are arranged thereon and that the pressing head is appropriately shaped to coop erate with the same. so shaped that when the collar is folded or turned along this line it assumes a curved or partially cylindrical shape to ?t smoothly about the neck. The buck may be formed of any material, but If the two portions of the collar are pressed on as shown in the ?gures is a simple block of wood 10 tirely ?at on a plane surface the fit is not good, It), Whose upper or work engaging surface is as previously described, when they are turned shaped in accordance with the present invention to form the curved ?nal shape. to impart the desired con?guration to the col The present buck, by having the progressively lar. As seen in plan, the buck is somewhat longer changing length of top surface is designed to ad than the collar l2 shown positioned thereon, and 15 just the relative lengths of the neckband and is considerably wider than the maximum width outer fold portions of the‘collar, making the lat of the collar to accommodate the long points of ter longer in respect to the former whereby, when some collars and the greater width in accordance the collar is folded, the inner or neckband sec with the height of the ?nished article. This ex-' tion is su?lciently shorter, particularly near its tra size eliminates the need for exactness in 20 inner edge, to be well spaced away from the outer placing the collar on the buck. fold, thus giving the desired tie space. Roughly the top surface of the buck may be By referring now to Fig. 6, the result of using likened to that of a low-pitched gable roof in that the buck of the present invention is illustrated in the lower portions or ends 14 are de?ned by in the collar shown in full lines. Here the folding clined planes whose projections would intersect 25 line 32 as well as the lower edge 34 of the neckband with the horizontal plane in parallel lines IS. portion is given distinct added concavity caused The front and rear surfaces of the buck are by shortening its length in respect to the main preferably vertical planes, although this is not position of the outer fold 35, to which it is at essential. This arrangement is assumed, how tached along this line 32. The dotted line 36 illus ever, for convenience in de?ning the work sur face shape. The inclined planes l4 intersect the 30 trates the result of pressing the identical collar on the usual flat buck or with a hand iron. The back face 16 to form straight lines l8 which merge lower edge is more nearly straight and the ends into the slightly rounded apex at IS}. The front or tabs adjacent the buttonholes are sufficiently face 20 of the buck intersects the inclined planes longer to project out from beneath the super l4 in straight lines as far as the points of in?ec— 35 imposed collar, pressed in accordance with the tion or tangency 22. Between these points a low present invention, by approximately the amount flat are 24 de?nes the intersection of the top illustrated at 31. In addition there is further surface of the buck with the front face 29. The curvature given to the junction line 32 between surface 26 between this arc 24 and the apex i9 the folds of the collar as illustrated in dotted is warped or curved so that it is de?ned by the lines. This explains the superior results, ob elements 25, indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 1, tained by the use of the properly shaped buck, for which are substantially straight lines. However, when the properly pressed collar is turned it con sections lying in vertical planes parallel to the forms better to the shape of the neck and pro lines 15 are curved or sweeping arcs. The inter vides more space for receiving the necktie. sections of the curved area 26 with the plane areas 45 I claim: M are not sharp, harsh lines but are well rounded 1. A buck for a collar pressing machine having and faired, as seen at 21. a collar-engaging surface generally shaped like In Fig. 2, at 30, is schematically shown the cooperating pressing element which may be heated by steam entering and leaving by hoses 3|. The several sectional views illustrate clearly the changes in shape of the buck surface as the sides rise to the apex. In Fig. 3 the top surface is shown plane and horizontal, in the transverse sense, at M, while in Fig. 4 the top surface at the 55 a low-pitched gable roof, two planes forming a portion of the said surface and substantially in tersecting near one edge of the buck, the remain der of said surface comprising a generally coni cal segment having its apex near said intersec tion and meeting the opposite edge of the buck in an arc below said apex and with its opposite ends in said planes. 2. A buck for a collar-pressing machine hav center is shown to be a straight incline 28 with ing parallel front and rear faces and a padded only a semblance of rounding at iii to eliminate collar-engaging surface generally shaped like a any harsh lines. Any sections between the points low-pitched gable roof, and formed by portions of in?ection 22 and the center section will ap pear somewhat as in Fig. 5 where a portion of 60 of two inclined planes, said planes stopping just short of intersecting near the rear face of the the top still is horizontal, in the transverse sense, buck only, the portion of the buck surface inter as at M, to the junction curve 21 and from there mediate said planes being curved outwardly and is rounded on a long, sweeping are as seen at 29. downwardly progressively from said near inter It will be noted that, measured longitudinally "65 section and intersecting the front face of the along the top surface, the length of the buck from buck in a relatively long are terminating at the adjacent ends of the lines of intersection of said planes with the front face. 3. A buck for a collar-pressing machine having buck substantially as shown, preferably with the 70 substantially parallel front and rear faces and a right side of the outer fold up, for a surface gloss collar-engaging surface generally shaped like a to be imparted by the smooth metal of the press low-pitched gable roof, and formed by portions ing head. This outer fold has its free edge near of two inclined planes, said planes approaching the V-shaped edge of the buck while the neck intersection in an apex at the rear face of the band portion has its free edge, or the edge at buck only, the top center portion of the buck end to end progressively increases from the sur face having the curved edge to the surface having the V-shaped edge. The collar is placed on the 2,407,125 5 surface being curved outwardly and downwardly from said intersection, said curved surface inter secting a vertical plane forming the front face of the buck in an arc terminating at the adjacent ends of the lines of intersection of said Planes with said front face, the apex of the buck sur face being rounded at the portion adjacent the 6 buck comprising a cloth covered block having an upper or working surface of generally convex shape longitudinally of the collar, said surface being progressively reduced in the extent of con vexity transversely from the portion engaging the free edge of the outer fold to the portion engag ing the lower edge of the neckband whereby the outer fold of the collar is relatively lengthened in respect to the neckband. 4. A buck for a collar-pressing machine hav 8. A buck for pressing collars in the open ing substantially parallel front and rear faces 10 form comprising a block of suitable material and a collar-engaging surface generally shaped having a collar-supporting surface including op like a low-pitched gable roof, and formed by por positely inclined substantially plane end portions tions of two inclined planes, said planes substan each adapted to position a collar end for sub tially intersecting at the rear face of the buck stantially one quarter of the collar length, said only, the top center portion of the buck surface portions being horizontal in vertical transverse between said planes being an area curved out section, and an intermediate convex portion to wardly and downwardly from said plane inter support the middle section of the collar, said in section and intersecting a vertical plane forming rear face. the front face of the buck in an are substantial termediate portion being inclined downwardly ly terminating at the adjacent ends of the lines 20 from one edge of the buck toward the other in an area‘ generally triangular as viewed from of intersection of said planes with said front above, said plane and inclined areas merging face, the curved area meeting and merging with smoothly whereby to impart an increasing longi the two plane surfaces along divergent lines and tudinal curvature to the collar parts as they there being faired into the same on easy curves. progress from the free edge of the outer fold. 5. A buck for a collar-pressing machine having 9. A buck for a collar-pressing machine hav a padded collar-engaging surface generally ing a collar-engaging surface generally shaped shaped to provide a longer surface for engaging to provide a longer surface for engagement by the outer fold of the collar than for engaging the the outer fold of a collar than for engagement neckband portion and including portions of in by the neckband portion thereof, said surface in clined planes substantially intersecting at the cluding portions of inclined planes substantially rear face of the buck, and being‘ progressively intersecting near one edge of the buck, and merged into each other along curves of increas merging into each other along curves of progres ing length as they approach the forward face of sively increasing length .as they approach the the buck. > 6. A buck for hand or machine ironing of col 35 other edge of the buck. 10. A buck for a collar pressing machine hav lars of the starched type in open position, said ing a pressing surface engageable by the neck buck comprising a block having an upper or band and outer fold portions of a ?attened out working surface of generally convex shape lon collar, the surface portion engageable by the gitudinally of the collar, said surface being pro gressively changed in curvature transversely 40 outer fold being of greater extent lengthwise of the collar than the surface portion engageable from the portion engaging the free edge of the by the neck band whereby a progressive reduc outer fold of the collar to the portion engaging tion in the length of the neck band from its the lower edge of the neckband whereby the lat connection with the outer fold to its free edge is ter is less stretched than the said free edge. '7. A buck for hand or machine ironing of col lars of the starched type in open position, said 45 effected on pressing the collar. ' ‘ WILLIAM J. ASHER.