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Патент USA US2407128

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Sept-.3, 1946-
E. J. AxNlx
2,407,128
MAIL BOX
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Filed April 2e, V1945
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Inventor
By
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Sept; 3, 1946.
2,407,128
E. J. AXNIX
» MAIL Box
Filed April 2e, 1945
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Patented Sept. 3, 1.946
2,407,128
y.UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE"
MAIL BOX
Eugene J. Axnix, South Bend, Ind., assignor 'of
fifteen per cent to Dan Preger, fifteen per cent
to David Preger, and ñfteen per cent to Eliza
beth Kuzmich, South Bend, Ind.
Application April 26, 1945, Serial No. 590,320
1` Claim. (Cl. E32-_17)
2
The present invention relates to new and useful
by means of a pin I4 below the upper edge of said
improvements in mail boxes designed primarily
back wall.
for use for thehome and »rural delivery of mail
The mail box Il) also includes a bottom I5 hav
ing a sloping false bottom I5a secured at the lower
portions of the side walls I2 and against which is
positioned the lower edge of a transparent front
wall l EL The front wall I6 is held in position be
and the invention has for its primary object to
provide an upwardly swinging front cover for the
box in orde-r that the contents of the box may
be easily and conveniently removed without dini
culty.
A further object of the invention is to provide
« tween the side walls I2 by means of vertical re
taining strips I'I, a lower horizontal retaining
a mail box of this character embodying means 10 strip I8 and lugs I9 projecting inwardly from the
side walls I2 behind vthe front wall I6. The upper
for supporting magazines, newspapers and other
edge `of the front wall I6 is spaced below the top
relatively large articles and also embodying means
Wall I0 as shown to advantage in Figure 3 of the
for supporting mail in a conveniently exposed
drawings to provide a mail slot through which
position for collection by a postman.
A further object of the invention is to provide 15 mail may be deposited into the box for resting on p
the sloping false bottom I5a.
a device of this character of simple and practical
In order to remove the mail from the box the
construction, which is neat and attractive in ap
lower edge thereof is swung upwardly and for
pearancey relatively inexpensive to manufacture
wardly as indicated by the arrow in Figure 3
and otherwise well adapted for the purposes for
which the same is intended.
20 of the drawings whereby the sloping false bottom
f‘ I5a. will deposit the mail ontothe shelf 6 and
Other objects and advantages reside in the de
may then be conveniently removed.
tails of construction and ope-ration as more fully ’
hereinafter described and claimed, reference be
The rear edge of the upper wall , I I is inclined
as indicated at 2l to substantially close the space
part hereof, wherein like numerals refer to like 25 between the top wall II and the rear wall 9
when the box is in its closed position and per
parts throughout, and in which
mitting upward swinging movement ofthe box a
Figure 1 is a front elevational View.
distance suiiiciently for removing the mail there
Figure 2 is a top plan view.
from.
`
f
Figure 3 is a vertical sectional view taken sub
The space between the attaching plate 5 and
30
stantially on a line 3--3 of Figure 1.
the rear wall 9 of the box forms a chamber 22
Figure 4 is a transverse sectional view taken
therebetween which is open at each side and in
substantially on a line 4_4 of Figure 1.
which substantially large pieces of mail may be
Figure 5 is a fragmentary side elevational View
Y ing had to the accompanying drawings forming
of the lower portion of the main box, and
Figure 6’ is a perspective View of the catch.
Referring now to the drawings in detail Where
in for the purpose of illustration I have disclosed
a preferred embodiment of the invention, the nu
meral 5 designates an attaching plate adapted
for attaching to the side o-f a house,` post or 40
other suitable supporting structure and provided
placed.
A pair of arms 23 are pivotally attached at one
end to the sides of the bottom wall I5 by means
of pins 24, the outer ends of the arms being
curved upwardly as indicated at 25 and when
moved in their outwardly projected positions as
shown in Figure 3 of the drawings the arms pro
vide support for newspapers, magazines and the
like indicated at 26, such articles being supported
in front of the mail box I0.
at its lower edge with a forwardly projecting
shelf 6.
A spring catch 2'I projects outwardly from the
To the front surface of the attaching plate is 45 front edge of the shelf 6 to frictionally engage
secured upper and lower spacing blocks 'I and 8
the lower edge of the box Ill to retain the latter
to the front edge of which is secured the rear wall
in its closed position.
9 of a mail box I0, said rear wall of the mail box
The upper edge of the rear wall 9 is formed with
being attached in any suitable manner and sup'
a slot 28 by means of which letters or Vthe like
ported at its lower end on the shelf 6.
50 29 may be inserted for collection by the postman,
The mail box I Il includes a top wall I I and side
` said letters constituting outgoing mail.
walls I2 connected to each other in any suitable
It is believed the details of construction, opera
manner, the top Wall II having rearwardly pro
tion and advantages of the device will be readily
jecting tongues I 3 positioned outwardly at oppo
understood from the foregoing without further
site sides of the back wall 9 and pivoted thereto 55 detailed explanation.
2,407,128
3
In view of the foregoing description taken in
conjunction with the accompanying drawings, it
is believed that a clear understanding of the con
struction, operation and advantages of the de
vice will be quite apparent to those skilled in the
art.
It is to be understood, however, that even
tho-ugh there is >herein shown and-described a
preferred embodiment of the invention the same
is susceptible toI certain changes fully compre
hended by the spirit of the invention as herein
described and the scope of the appended claim.
Having thus described the invention, what is
claimed is:
4
In a device of the class described, a ñxed shelf,
a box having a deposit opening therein and a
back upstanding from said shelf and ñxed there
to, said box including a body having a bottom
resting on said shelf and a top swingably mounted
on said back whereby said body may be swung up
wardly and forwardly of said shelf to cause con
tents of the body to be deposited on the shelf, said
body having a false bottom sloping toward said
10 back to facilitate deposit of the contents of the
_ box onto said shelf.
EUGENE J. AXNIX.
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