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Патент USA US2407196

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Sept. 3, 1946. I
T. J. WATSON
2,407,196
ACCOUNTING MACHINE
Filed July 15, 1943
8
'7 Sheets-Sheet 1
.
BY
A TTORNEY.
Sept- 3',’ 1946.
‘
T. J. WATSON
2,407,196
ACCOUNTING MACHINE
'
Filed July 15, 1945
7 Sheets-Sheet 2
FIG.3.
Harms J WIT-5'0”
BY
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' ATT'ORNEY
Sept. 3, 1946-
T._J. WATSON
2,407,196
ACCOUNTING‘ MACHINE
Filed July 15, 1943
7 Sheets-Sheet 3
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INVENTOR
mom/9s J warm/y
BY
ATTORNEY
Sept. 3,1946.
T. J. WATSON
' 2,407,196
.ACCOUNTING MACHINE
Filed July 15, 1943
7 SheetSU-Sheet 4
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INVENTO>R
?lo/WAS J. 11/4750”
BY
ATTORNEY
Sgpt- 3, ‘1946-
T. J. WATSON
2,407,196
ACCOUNTING MACHINE’
Filed July 15, 1943
'7 Sheets-Sheet 5
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FIG.‘ 10.
INVENTOR
mamas J. M9760”
BY
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ATTORNEY
Sept. 3', 1946.
2,407,196
T. J. WATSON
ACCOUNTING MACHINE
Filed July 15,-1945
7 Sheets-Sheet 6
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INVENTOR -
THOMAS‘ J W/YTSO/V
BY
ATTORNEY
Sept. ‘3, 1946. '
T, J, WATSON
2,407,196
ACCOUNTING MACHINE
Filed July 15, 1943
7 Sheets—$heet 7
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INVENTOR
r/mMAs J WATSON
BY
MA
ATTORNEY
Patented Sept. 3, 1946
2,407,196
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,407,196
ACCOUNTING MACHINE
Thomas J. Watson, New York, N. Y., assignor to
International Business Machines Corporation,
New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York
Application July 15, 1943, Serial N0. 494,819
3 Claims. (Cl. 235—61.9)
1
The present invention relates to accounting
and statistical machines and more particularly
to machines for performing problems relating to
restaurant accounting, such as involve food con
trol and billing.
One of the objects of the invention is to pro
vide a record card upon which data in the form
of a menu are preprinted, and upon which card
the patron may graphically record his selections
in designated positions or areas adjoining the 10
listed items of the menu.
Such a card is pro
vided with printed headings and general item
designations, and in spaces provided therefor the
2
Fig. 2 is a facsimile of a record card with data
thereon arranged to represent a menu.
Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the machine
taken generally along the lines designated 3—3
of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is a similar section of the machine taken
along the lines 4--4 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is a view of the accumulating mecha
nism.
Fig. 6 is a detail View of one of the readout
commutator devices, the view being taken along
lines 6—6 of Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is a plan section taken on lines l--l of
menu for a particular day or period may be
Fig. 3, showing the arrangement of the mark
mimeographed or printed together with the in 15 sensing devices.
dividual prices in accordance with prevailing
Fig. 8 is a plan section taken substantially
custom. Such card, when so selectively marked
along lines 8-8 of Fig. 3, showing the cross con
by the patron, becomes a permanent original ' nections between the total punching and print
record from which the waiter may be guided in
ing mechanism.
attending to the patron's desire, .and such card 20
Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken along lines
will subsequently serve as a bill or check.
9—9 of Fig. 5, showing a part of the accumula
A further object of the invention is to provide
tor resetting device.
a machine in which the record card as marked
Fig. 10 is a chart showing the time of oper
by the patron is inserted. Such machine con
ation of various components of the mechanism.
tains mechanism which senses the marks, and in 25
Figs. 11a and 11b placed side by side with Fig.
accordance with a preset price schedule set up
11?) to the right constitute a wiring diagram of
in the machine controls accumulating, punching,
the electrical circuits of the machine.
and printing apparatus to automatically punch
into the card the unit prices of the items ordered,
together with the total price thereof. This total 30
is also printed on the face of the card in a pre
The record card
Referring to Fig. 2, the record card R is sub
divided into a plurality of areas 2 in which the
items of the menu, such as fruit cup, scallops,
determined position. The machine is further
provided with a plurality of counters, one for
roast lamb, etc., are printed together with the
each marking position of the card, and such
price thereof. These areas are provided with
counters are controlled concurrently with the 35 suitable headings, such as appetizer, soup, etc.,
other mechanism to count the number of each
and across the top of the card is provided space
different item ordered during the day or other
for the accommodation of date, table, signature
period.
of the customer where the service is to be charged,
At the end of the day there accordingly will
etc. In each area 2 there is provided a block 3
have been collected a group of cards, one for 40 in which the customer is to draw a line with a
each patron, prepared in the desirable form of a
pencil or other electrically conductive medium
?le of perforated record cards which may there
to represent his choice of items on the menu.
after be employed in sorting, printing, billing
At the right end of the card there is provided a
and other statistical machines, through the use
?eld 4 containing four vertical columns of so
of which an analysis or inventory may be rap 45 called index point positions designated 0 to 9, in
idly and automatically obtained.
which the machine will record a total by per
Other objects of the invention will be pointed
out in the following description and claims and
forations in appropriate positions.
An area 5 is also provided in the upper right
illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which
hand corner in which a total is to be printed by
disclose, by way of example, the principle of the 50 the machine. A further column 6 is provided in
invention and the best mode, which has been
which classi?cation data, such as waiter num
contemplated, of applying that principle.
ber, may be preperforated. The length of the
In the drawings:
card is subdivided into eighty columns indicated
Fig. 1 is a view showing the general appear
by the lines 1 across the bottom of the card,
ance of'the machine.
55 and in these columns the machine will perforate
2,407,196
3
The procedure is briefly as follows. The cus
tomer is presented with a card R upon which
4
toward the right, and through slots 94 cooperating
with ?xed pins Q5 this movement toward the
the individual prices of those items that have
been ordered by marking.
right will be accompanied by downward move
ment for a purpose presently to be explained.
Resiliently pivoted on bar 93 is a ?nger 96 which
Cr
there appears only the printed data and the clas
si?cation hole in column 6. On this card he
makes his selection by marks, as shown in sev
eral of the spaces 3. From this marked card
the waiter serves the desired items, and at the
termination of the service the marked card is 10
In ?eld ii, perforations representing the total
upon movement of the bar will rock a clutch lever
97 pivoted at 93. The upper end of the lever nor
mally engages a dog 99 pivoted at 190 to arm llll
which is secured on the shaft 82. Integral with
the constantly turning gear BI is a clutch ele
ment 102 which is accordingly in constant rota
tion. Upon rocking of lever 91, dog 99 is re
leased for engagement with element I02, so that
the arm It! and shaft 82 are thereafter driven
with the gear 8!. Also secured on shaft 82 are
several cams for operating the Various mecha
nisms. Cam Hi3 cooperates with a bell crank
bill are made and the total is printed in area 5.
follower arm 194 pivoted at I65, and through pin
placed in the machine which will punch therein '
perforations representing the prices of the items
ordered as, for example, perforations represent
ing 15 cents are made in the ?rst two columns
of the card, and perforations representing 10
cents are made in the ?fth and sixth columns.
The machine
and slot connection I06 rocks a lever 10'! on the
20 end of shaft 87, thereby moving the pressure
plate 84 of Fig. 3 toward the left.
Referring to Fig. 4, when button 82 is pressed,
it will. release the clutch and, after doing so,
ing "IQ of the machine and thereupon driven by
latch 96 will snap beneath the lower end of lever
a pair of constantly rotating rollers ‘H, which
rapidly advance it to the second pair of rollers 12 25 91, so that it may rock back into its initial posi
tion under the in?uence of its spring to reengage
and against a stop or shutter '53, which latter lo
dog 99 and uncouple the parts after the cams
cates the card in mark sensing position with the
have made a single revolution.
rollers ii and ‘i2 slipping on the card after its
Shutter operating mechanism-Referring to
movement is interrupted by the shutter. While
in this position, the card is sensed and thereafter 30 Fig. 3, shaft 82 has secured thereon a pair of
cams designated I93, I09 and which operate a
shutter 73 is rocked out of the path of the card,
pair of like levers H0 located one behind the
so that the rollers ‘ll, ‘i2 resume feeding to ad
other in Fig. 3. The lever H0 operated by cam
Vance the card to subsequent pairs of rollers 14,
“it rocks rod Ill upon which shutter 16 is
75 which convey it against a second stop or shut
mounted to rock the shutter out of the path of
ter '56 which locates the card in punching and
the card at the time determined by the coniig~
printing position.
C’ar feeding mechanism.-—Referring to Figs. 1
and 3, the record card R is inserted in the open
After punching and printing have been effected,
stop ‘it is rocked out of the path of the card and
rollers l5 advance it to further rollers 16, which
convey the card through a chute 7"! into a tray
'18 (see Fig. 1) from which it may be removed
by the operator. Rollers ‘ll, l2, ‘713, 'M, 15 and
76 are interconnected by gears generally desig
nated ‘is in Fig. 4, one of which through an idler
til is driven by a gear 8| free'on a shaft 82. rI‘his
gear is in constant rotation being driven by any
suitable means, such as an electric motor, so that
as long as the motor is in operation the feed roll
ers continue to operate.
Mark sensing mechanisna-With the card R
in position against stop 13 (Fig. 3) , the marking
areas 3 are positioned opposite sets of sensing
pins designated 33a, $327, 830 (see Fig. 7) which
are mounted in an insulating block 8-3. On the
opposite side of the card is located a pressure
plate 84 of resilient material which is mounted for
horizontal reciprocation through rollers 85 car
uration of the cam. Arm H0 operated by cam
M19 is loose on the rod HI and has a link con
nection H2 with an arm H3 secured to a rod
l 24, upon which the upper shutter 73 is mounted,
and the time of operation of this shutter will be
in accordance with the con?guration of cam Hi9.
Reference may be had to Fig. 10 wherein the time
of operation of the cams is indicated.
The punches.—When the card is in position
against the lower stop 18, it lies between a die
H5 and a plurality of pimches H5 arranged in
eighty columns across the length of the card
and ten rows arranged vertically, the spacing
being in accordance with the spacing of the hole
positions on the record card. For each vertical
column of punches I [6 there is a vertical slidable
bar ll'i provided with teeth H3 and a spring
pressed interposing plunger I It. The manner in
- which this bar is reciprocated is as follows: In
Fig. 4 a cam Nil secured to shaft 82 rocks fol
lower arm i2l on shaft I22 which in Fig. 3 rocks
a bail £23 clockwise and through springs I24
ried by the plate and stationary guide members
urges levers I25 (there being one lever for each
86. Rocking f the rod 87 will straighten toggle
links 88 and force the plate 84 toward the left as 60 card column) in the same direction. The forked
end of each lever I25 engages a pin [2% in bar
viewed in Fig. 3, to press the record card and
the marks thereon against the ends of pins $30.,
83?), 830. In the positions in which there is a
mark, the mark will form an electrical conneo—
tion across the three pins to establish electric
Ill, so that the bar is elevated and the plunger
H9 passes the ends of punches H5 in succession.
The bar may be interrupted with the plunger
, opposite any of the punches and, when so inter
circuits, which will be explained in connection
with the circuit diagram.
Card lever contacts.—Located in the path of
rupted, bail [23 will continue through its in
variable excursion, with' spring I24 extending.
The means for stopping the bar in any position
the card (Fig. 3) is a card lever 90 which is en
gaged by the card as it moves downwardly and
is rocked about its pivot 8i to close a pair of
contacts designated CL as shown in Fig. 3.
comprises a stopping latch I21 which is normally
latched in the position shown (Fig. 3) by the
armature its controlled by a magnet I29.
Upon energization of the magnet, the latch is
Operating clutch mechanism.—At the front of
released to engage a selected one of the stops
the machine (Figs. 1 and 4), there is provided a
i it. After the bar has been positioned, a punch
button 92 which, when pressed, will slide a bar 93 75 frame I39 suitably mounted for horizontal recip
2,407,196
'rocation by means of rollers I3I and guides I32
is moved toward the left to force plunger II9
against the selected punch H6 and force the
punch through the card into the die H5. The
sun gear 20 constituting one member of a differ
ential mechanism. Secured to the face of gear
I1 is a pair of bracket arms 2| which support
a shaft 22 on which are journaled planetary gears
mechanism for reciprocating the frame I30 com
prises a cam I33 (Fig. 4) which rocks a follower
arm I34 on shaft I35, which in turn through tog
gle links I36 effects the reciprocation of the frame.
The punches are suitably notched as shown in
Fig. 3 for cooperation with the usual stripper
bars I31 which are tied together by a plate I36
which has pin and slot connection I39 with frame
I30, so that as the frame moves toward the left
the stripper bars. I31 will be free for movement
in the same direction and, when the frame re
turns, the bars I31 are drawn toward the right
to retract the punches from the card. When the
punch bars are moved downwardly, a camming
portion I39a at their upper ends will engage stop
pawls I21 and effect relatching thereof on arma
"5 23, :24 meshing with sun gear 20 and also with
a. gear 25 similar to gear 20, which gear 25 is
?xed to the shaft 26 journaled in the next frame
I6.
The gear I1 of the next unit B or B’ is
mounted for free rotation on shaft 26, while the
10 sun gear 23 of such unit is rigidly secured to
said shaft. The same is true for the succeeding
units C, C’ and D’, no differential mechanism
being employed at unit D. It will be seen that
the gear 25» of the differential mechanism C is
15 secured to a shaft 26X which carries a transfer
wheel 3-5 having on its periphery a cam ?ange
35 for the purpose of carrying over from one
gear .train‘to that of the next higher order.
Whenever wheel 35 makes a complete revolution,
20 cam 36' causes positive engagement of the clutch
ture I28.
at a particular point in the rotation of wheel
Total indicating mechanism-Referring to
35 and a spring thereafter effects declutching.
Figs. 3 and 8, the four punch interposer bars I I1
With the cam rotating at its slowest rate, the
aligned with the four columns of the card R in
period of engagement would be determined by the
which the total amount is punched are provided
cam 36. At higher rates, the clutch lever would
with teeth I40 which, as these bars are positioned,
not necessarily follow the cam contour but would
rotate related gears I4I which through nested
depend on the period of the spring to declutch
sleeves I42 drive gears I43. These in turn
it and, if desired, a. positive knockout for the
through sets of idler gears I44 and I45 drive gears
clutch would be provided so that the clutch,
I46, which ‘through further nested sleeves I41
whenever engaged, at whatever speed would re
drive gears I48 which mesh with teeth in verti
main engaged for only one step of advance.
cally extending bars I49. These bars are provided
Extending through and journaled in the frame
with teeth at their upper ends (Fig. 3 and Fig. 4)
members I6 is a pair of shafts 31 and 31' of
which mesh with gears I50 a?lxed to indicating
which shaft 31' is driven by suitable gear con
wheels I5I, which are visible through an open
nection (not shown) from the shaft 82 of Fig. 4,
ing I52 in the casing of the machine (Fig. 1).
so that this shaft rotates when shaft 82 is coupled
Through the connections traced, positioning of
for operation. Shafts 31 and 31' and similar
any of these four bars II1 to represent a digit is
shafts of higher denominational orders are inter
accompanied by like positioning of the related
connected through suitable chain and sprocket
indicating wheel I5I to display the digit selected
connections 39, so that corresponding shafts in all
at the opening I52.
orders will be rotated in unison. Mounted freely
Total printing mechanism-Each bar I49
on each of these shafts adjacent each of the
(Figs. 3 and 8) has a lateral extension I53 inter
differential mechanisms of each train of gears is
mediate its ends. This extension is provided with
a sleeve 40 having formed integral therewith two
teeth meshing with a gear I54 integral with a 45 similar spaced gears M and 42. Also carried by
printing wheel I55, so that the printing wheel
the sleeve 40 beyond the gear 42 is a clutch mem
will be rotated together with the indicating. wheel
ber 43. A similar and cooperating clutch mem
I5'I to present the appropriate type face to a
ber 44 is slidably mounted on the shaft, but is
horizontal printing line opposite a platen I56.
splined thereto by a key 45. This clutch member
This platen is carried by a bracket I51 (Fig. 3) 50 44 has a peripheral groove in which is ?tted a
'se'cured‘to the punch frame I30 so that, when
yoke 45 carried by an arm 41, the lower portion
the frame moves toward the left, the platen will
43 of which is somewhat flexible and is secured
press the card against the type wheel to effect
to a ?xed support carried by the frame 5I.
an impression through a suitable inking ribbon
Adjacent the corresponding magnet such as 8
indicated at I58. _
'
55 or 9 is an armature 49 adapted to be attracted
Accumulating mechanism.—The accumulating
by such magnet, The arm structure 41, 48 and
mechanism employed in the present machine is
associated parts are carried by a movable frame
of the construction shown and described in de
member comprising parallel bars 50 and 5i united
tail in Patent 1,914,272 of R, J. McFall granted
at intervals by cross bars 52. Supported between
June '13,‘ 1933. The same will be but brie?y de
scribed, and to facilitate reference to such patent 60 the bars 50 and. 5I is a shaft 55 on. ‘which is
mounted a back gear 56 which is continuously
like parts willbe identi?ed with the same refer
meshing with gear 42. Thus, when one of the
ence characters as employed in the patent.
magnets 8 or 9 is energized, the clutch members
' Referring to Fig. 5, the accumulator comprises
a plurality of gear trains, one train for accumu 65 43, 44 are brought into engagement and the gears
4|, 42 and 56 rotate. The movable frame 50, 5|
lating units digits, another'train for the tens
digits, etc. These gear trains are supported in
is capable of being shifted laterally by means
of a pair of eccentrics 53, 53' carried by a shaft
a'plurality of ?xed parallel frame members I6,
and the ‘various units of the two trains illustrated
54. By rotating these shafts 54, the movable
are designated A, B, C, D and A’, B’, C", and D’ 70 frame may be shifted laterally from the position
respectively. Each of the units A or A’, for ex
ample, comprises a large gear I1 Serving as a
shown in A’ to that illustrated at B’. When in
the ?rst ‘position, the large gear I1 is in mesh
planetary gear carrier loosely mounted for rota~
with the back gear 56 and consequently will be
tion upon a ?xed stub shaft I8 secured in frame
driven in one direction‘ by the shaft 31 and, while
“I6. Secured to the 'inner end of shaft I8 is a 75 in the second position, gear I1 is in mesh with
2,407,196
the gear 4:, and hence will be driven in the op
posite direction.
'
plurality of stationary contact segments I15 and
a switch arm I11.
The arms I11 are secured to
Each of the arms 41 carries an extension 58
the main driving shaft 82 and rotate therewith,
in the nature of a pawl which is adapted to en
gage and lock the associated gear 42. When the
armature 49 is attracted and the clutch mem
located in, the path of the arms I11 that contact
bers 43 and 4d engage, pawl 58 is shifted to the
left out of engagement with the gear 42, thus
permitting this gear and associated parts to turn
freely. Movement of pawl 53 toward the left 10
will cause the pawl to engage and close a pair
of contacts designated 51 for the purpose of
maintaining the magnet energized, as will be ex
plained in connection with the circuit diagram.
For the purpose of the present invention, each
of the right hand shafts 26X, ZGY and similar
shafts of higher orders. has secured thereto a
brush I653 (see Fig. 6) which will take one of ten
positions in, accordance with the digital value
entered in itsrelated order, and will make con
tact with segments WI on a ?xed commutator in
while the segments I16 of the emitters are so
is made at the times designated in the timing
chart Fig. 10. Also mounted on shaft 82 are con
tact operating carnsfor controlling contacts gen—
erally designated C in the circuit diagram, and
these contacts are closed at times indicated in
Fig. 10.
The machine is also provided with unit count
ers designated I18 in Fig. 11a which are mag
netically operated to count one for each energizae
tion of an associated magnet I19. The location
of these counters in the machine is indicated in
Figs. 1 and 3, where the location of the dial
switches I13 is also shown.
As previously explained, upon insertion of a
record card in opening 19 (Fig. 3), the constantly
running feed rollers will advance it into sensing
these ten ‘positions. Also secured to each shaft
position. against the upper stop 13. The operator
near its end is a disk I32 which is in frictional
contact with a disk I53 loosely mounted on the
shaft. The several disks I63 are interconnected
now presses the button. 92 which will release the
one revolution clutch, so that shaft 82 will make
one complete revolution and then come to rest.
by belt and pulley drive generally designated I64,
During this revolution, cam I93 ?rst operates to
move the pressure plate 84 against the card and
sensing pins, so that in positions where marks
occur the three related pins are electrically in
terconnected. When cam contacts CI (Fig. 11a)
close, there will'be a circuit completed from posi
which are operated from a motor I55. Integral
with each disk I62 is a notched disk I65 (Fig. 9)
in the plane of which there is a stop pawl I61
pivoted at Its. The several pawls I51 are inter
connected through a link I59 through spring,
pin and slot connection generally designated I10,
and the lowermost pivot .168 carries a spring
pressed armature I1I of a magnet I12. This
mechanism is utilized for restoring or zeroizing I
the several accumulator shafts, and during the
resetting operation magnet I12 is energized to
rock the stops I51 against their related disk I66.
At the same time motor I65 is operated to fric
tionally drive the several accumulator shafts in 40
tive line I80, wire IBI, central contact pin 83b,
the pencil mark, contact pin 83c, counter mag
net I19, contacts CI and thence to ground. The
energization of magnet
I19 will advance its
counter one unit. The movement of the card to
its
position will have engaged the card
lever 99 to close card lever contacts CL, so that
there is a circuit traceable from line I80, con
tacts CL and magnet I19 related to a total counter
magnet ‘I18, which will advance one unit and
a forward direction. As each wheel arrives at its
accordingly count the number of cards passing
zero position, the notch is engaged by stop I61
through the machine.
and thereafter the frictional connection between
Upon the sensing of the mark there is a further
disks I 52 and IE3 will slip.
45 circuit traceable from line I89, wire I8I, central
Circuit diagram
contact pin 8312, the pencil mark, the pin 83a, wire
The complete operation of the apparatus will
now be explained in connection with the circuit
diagram (Figs. 11a and 11b) to point out the
sequence in which the various mechanisms func
tion in accordance with the timing of their opera
tions as represented in Fig. 10.
In Fig. 11a are shown three pairs of manually
I82. relay magnet RI to ground.
Magnet RI
will close its contacts RIa and Rlb which ac
cordingly will remain closed as long as the pencil
mark continues to bridge the sensing pins. Simi
lar circuits for counting marks in other areas and
energizing other related RI relays are completed
at the same time. In the circuit diagram, for
simplicity the magnets I19 and relays RI are
55 shown as being directly energized through the
pencil marks. In practice, suitable current am
tionable contact pointers I15. The dial switches
in the upper horizontal row are provided with
plifying devices. as is well known, would be inter
posed to amplify the current sufiiciently to oper
ten segments I14, while the units switches are
provided with only two, designated 0 and 5, so
ate the magnets.
At the time indicated in Fig. 10, the brush ‘I11
that on any pair of switches in a vertical row 60
of emitter A will contact its segments I16 in suc
two place amounts may be set with 5 cent in
cession, and a group of wires designated I83 (Fig.
tervals; for example, the left hand pair of
11a) will‘ be connected in succession to line I80
switches I13 is set to represent 25, the central
pair is set to represent 40, and the right hand
in the order 9, 8, '7, etc. With the switch I15 set
- at its 2 segment I14, for example, a circuit will
pair represents '75. For simplification of the dia
be traceable when brush I11 contacts its 2 seg
gram, only three pairs of switches are shown,
ment H5 as follows: from line I80, brush I11 of
but it is to be understood that there is a pair
provided for each marking area 3 of the card in
emitter A, the 2 segment I16, the 2 wire I83, one
Fig. 2, and each pair will be adjusted to represent
of ‘the wires I84, the 2 segment I14, contact arm
thereon the price or value of the commodity
‘I15, wire I85, contacts RIa, wire I86, normally
printed in the related card ?eld.
closed contacts RZa, wire I81 (Fig. 111)‘), adding
clutch magnet 9 to ground. The accumulator
In Fig. 11a are shown two commutator devices
designated Emitter A and Emitter B, and in Fig.
shafts 31, 31' are geared to the shaft 82, so that
the accumulator shafts make one revolution while
11b is shown another such device designated
thecommutator brush I11 of emitter A traverses
Emitter C. Each of these devices comprises a
settable dial switches generally designated I13,
comprising ?xed contact segments I14 and posi
2,407,196
9.
10
its segments I16, so that energization of magnet
concurrently positioned with the punch bars con
trolled by the marks, and as previously explained
the total printing wheels and total indicating
9 at this time will cause entry of a 2 into the
tens order of one of the accumulator units.
Just prior to this, when the brush I11 contacted
the 5 segment I16, a circuit was completed from
line I80, brush I11 of emitter A, the 5 segment
I16, the 5 wire I83, the 5 wire I84, to the 5 seg
ment I14 at the units order switch, thence
through contact arm I15, wire I88, contacts Rlb,
wheels will be concurrently adjusted. It is to be
noted that printing wheels I55 and indicating
wheels I5I are provided only for the four columns
of the total field of the card. This is seen from
Fig. 8 where only the four end punch interposer
bars II1 are geared to gears Idl.
After the bars
wire I89, normally closed contacts R2b, wire I90 10 have been positioned, the sensing frame 84 is
(Fig. 11b) and magnet 8 to ground. Thus, the
retracted and the upper stop 13 is also retracted,
units order magnet 8 will be energized at a time
so that the card now advances rapidly to position
appropriate for the entry of 5 in the related po-‘
against stop 18 and, after its arrival there, cam
sition. The magnets a and a close their related ‘ I33 operates to effect punching and printing in
contacts 51, so that a holding circuit therefor is 15 accordance with the setting of the bars and
provided which is traceable from line I80 (Fig.
wheels. Thereafter, the lower stop 18 is re
IIb), wire I9I, cam contacts C3 (see Fig. 10),
tracted by its cam I09 and the card is fed into the
contacts 51, magnets 8 and 9 in parallel to ground.
tray 18. While the card is advancing to punch
The contacts C3 are timed to open at a so-called
ing position, cam contacts C5 (Fig. 1111) close to
zero time, at which time the adding wheels will
energize the magnet I12 and shortly thereafter
have advanced the required amount.
cam contacts C4 close to place the motor 585 in
During this same period of time, sensing of
operation. This operation is maintained for the
other marks will have energized others of the
interval indicated in Fig. 10 during which the ac
adding magnets 8 and 9, so that the accumulator
cumulator is reset as explained in the mechanical
will concurrently receive a plurality of amounts 25 description.
and through the differential adding mechanism
At the end of the cycle, the shaft 82 comes to
described will position the readout brushes I60
rest and it will be noted that in such rest position
of Fig. 11b to represent the total of the entered
the punch bars remain in their set position, so
amounts. As indicated by dotted lines in Fig.
that the last previous total continues to be dis
11b, a second accumulator mechanism may be 30 played at the window I52 and will remain so set
provided if desired, wherein through parallel cir
until another cycle of operation of shaft 02 is
cuit connections a second set of magnets 8 and
brought about.
9 may be energized. Such second accumulator
While there have been shown and described
would serve as a so-called grand total accumu
and pointed out the fundamental novel features
lator and will contain a running total of all 35 of the invention as applied to a single modi?ca
amounts entered, while the ?rst accumulator will
tion, it will be understood that various omissions
be reset after each card in the manner yet to be
and substitutions and changes in the form and
details of the device illustrated and in its opera
While the selected amounts are being entered,
tion may be made by those skilled in the art with
the punch bars II1 are moved downwardly under 40 out departing from the spirit of the invention.
control of their cam I20 and then rise again.
It is the intention therefore to be limited only as
During the upward movement of the bars, emit
indicated by the scope of the following claims.
ters B and C traverse their respective sets of con
What is claimed is:
tacts I18 as shown in Fig. 10 and a pair of con
1. In a machine controlled by a record card
tacts C2 (Fig. 11a) are closed. Such closure will 45 having a plurality of marking areas thereon in
cause energization of a relay magnet R2 to shift
each of which areas a mark may be made to rep
its related contacts R211 and R21) into their alter
resent a commodity, a plurality of settable
nate positions. Accordingly, as the brush I11 of
switches for each marking area, the switches for
emitter B now traverses its segments I16, the
each area being settable to represent a selected
wires I83 will receive impulses through connect
value for the related commodity, means for sens
ing wires I92, and circuits will now be completed
ing the areas of the card, punching mechanism,
from line I80, brush I11 of emitter B, contact
accumulating mechanism, operating means
segments I16, wires I92, I83, I84, the segments
therefor, means jointly controlled by said sens
I14, switch arms I15, contacts Rla, RIb, wires
ing means and said settable switches, for control
I86 and I89, the upper contacts RM and R21) and 55 ling the operating means of said accumulating
thence through wires I93, and selectively adjust
mechanism to obtain therein the total of the
able connections I94 to punch magnets I29 and
values represented by the switches whose related
thence to ground. The brush of emitter B is syn
areas contain marks, further means jointly con
chronlzed with the movement of the punch bars,
trolled by said sensing means and‘ said settable
so that if, for example, a brush I15 is set on a 60 switches for controlling a portion of said punch"
5 segment, the magnet I29 will be energized at
ing mechanism to individually record in the card
a time to intercept the related bar I I‘! through its
the values represented by the switches whose
explained.
5 tooth II8 (Fig. 3), to thus position the inter
poser H9 in line with the 5 punch H6. In this
related areas contain marks, and means con“
trolled by said accumulating mechanism concur
manner the punch bars are concurrently posi 65 rently with the operation of said last named
tioned, a pair of each under control of one of the
means, for controlling another portion of said
marks and in accordance with the setting of the
punching mechanism to record in the card the
related switch. At the same time emitter C will
total of said vaiues together with the recording
complete circuits in Fig. 11b from line I80, brush
of the individual values.
I11 of emitter C, segments I16, wires I95, wires
2. In a machine controlled by a record card
I98, segment I6I, brush I60, wires I91 (Fig. 110),
having a plurality of marking areas thereon in
to other punch magnets I29 and thence to
each of which areas a mark may be‘ made to rep
ground.
resent a commodity, a plurality of settable
Through these circuit connections the punch
switches for each marking area, the switches for
bars associated with the total printing wheels are
each area being settable to represent a selected
2,407,196
11
12
currently sensing the areas of the card, punching
switches for each marking area, the switches for
each area being settable to represent a selected
mechanism, accumulating mechanism, operating
value for the related commodity, means for sens
means therefor, means jointly controlled by said
sensing means and said settable switches, for
ing the areas of the card, punching mechanism,
accumulating mechanism, operating means
value for the related commodity, means for con
controlling the operating means of said accumu~
therefor, means jointly controlled by said sens
lating mechanism to obtain therein the total of
ing means and said settable switches, for control
ling the operating means of said accumulating
the values represented by the switches whose re
lated areas contain marks, said control being
mechanism to obtain therein the total of the
values represented by the switches whose related
concurrent for all Values accumulated, further
means jointly controlled by said sensing means
areas contain marks, further means jointly con
and said settable switches for controlling a por~
trolled by said sensing means and said settable
tion of said punching mechanism to individually
switches for controlling said punching mecha
record in the card the values represented by the ' nism to individually record in the card the values
represented by the switches whose related areas
switches whose related areas contain marks, and
means controlled by said accumulating mecha
contain marks, printing mechanism, operating
nism concurrently with the operation of said last
means therefor operable concurrently with the
named means, for controlling another portion of
punching mechanism, and means controlled by
said punching mechanism to record in the card
said accumulating mechanism concurrently with
the total of said values together with the record 20 the operation of said last named means, for com
ing of the individual values.
trolling said printing mechanism to print on the
3. In a machine controlled by a record card
card, concurrently with the operation of said
having a plurality of marking areas thereon in
punching mechanism, the total of said values.
each of which areas a mark may be made to rep
resent a commodity, a plurality of settable
THOMAS J. WATSON.
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