Патент USA US2407196код для вставки
Sept. 3, 1946. I T. J. WATSON 2,407,196 ACCOUNTING MACHINE Filed July 15, 1943 8 '7 Sheets-Sheet 1 . BY A TTORNEY. Sept- 3',’ 1946. ‘ T. J. WATSON 2,407,196 ACCOUNTING MACHINE ' Filed July 15, 1945 7 Sheets-Sheet 2 FIG.3. Harms J WIT-5'0” BY %I ' ATT'ORNEY Sept. 3, 1946- T._J. WATSON 2,407,196 ACCOUNTING‘ MACHINE Filed July 15, 1943 7 Sheets-Sheet 3 ' G. 4. \\\\\\\\\\ INVENTOR mom/9s J warm/y BY ATTORNEY Sept. 3,1946. T. J. WATSON ' 2,407,196 .ACCOUNTING MACHINE Filed July 15, 1943 7 SheetSU-Sheet 4 /67 INVENTO>R ?lo/WAS J. 11/4750” BY ATTORNEY Sgpt- 3, ‘1946- T. J. WATSON 2,407,196 ACCOUNTING MACHINE’ Filed July 15, 1943 '7 Sheets-Sheet 5 g I 8 ‘ FIG.‘ 10. INVENTOR mamas J. M9760” BY } ' ATTORNEY Sept. 3', 1946. 2,407,196 T. J. WATSON ACCOUNTING MACHINE Filed July 15,-1945 7 Sheets-Sheet 6 mN 6E.6: ww. INVENTOR - THOMAS‘ J W/YTSO/V BY ATTORNEY Sept. ‘3, 1946. ' T, J, WATSON 2,407,196 ACCOUNTING MACHINE Filed July 15, 1943 7 Sheets—$heet 7 IT I I a_lum/l, I I I I | I I I I I I I I I I l I kQw iow RQ INVENTOR r/mMAs J WATSON BY MA ATTORNEY Patented Sept. 3, 1946 2,407,196 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,407,196 ACCOUNTING MACHINE Thomas J. Watson, New York, N. Y., assignor to International Business Machines Corporation, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application July 15, 1943, Serial N0. 494,819 3 Claims. (Cl. 235—61.9) 1 The present invention relates to accounting and statistical machines and more particularly to machines for performing problems relating to restaurant accounting, such as involve food con trol and billing. One of the objects of the invention is to pro vide a record card upon which data in the form of a menu are preprinted, and upon which card the patron may graphically record his selections in designated positions or areas adjoining the 10 listed items of the menu. Such a card is pro vided with printed headings and general item designations, and in spaces provided therefor the 2 Fig. 2 is a facsimile of a record card with data thereon arranged to represent a menu. Fig. 3 is a transverse section of the machine taken generally along the lines designated 3—3 of Fig. 1. Fig. 4 is a similar section of the machine taken along the lines 4--4 of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a view of the accumulating mecha nism. Fig. 6 is a detail View of one of the readout commutator devices, the view being taken along lines 6—6 of Fig. 5. Fig. 7 is a plan section taken on lines l--l of menu for a particular day or period may be Fig. 3, showing the arrangement of the mark mimeographed or printed together with the in 15 sensing devices. dividual prices in accordance with prevailing Fig. 8 is a plan section taken substantially custom. Such card, when so selectively marked along lines 8-8 of Fig. 3, showing the cross con by the patron, becomes a permanent original ' nections between the total punching and print record from which the waiter may be guided in ing mechanism. attending to the patron's desire, .and such card 20 Fig. 9 is a sectional view taken along lines will subsequently serve as a bill or check. 9—9 of Fig. 5, showing a part of the accumula A further object of the invention is to provide tor resetting device. a machine in which the record card as marked Fig. 10 is a chart showing the time of oper by the patron is inserted. Such machine con ation of various components of the mechanism. tains mechanism which senses the marks, and in 25 Figs. 11a and 11b placed side by side with Fig. accordance with a preset price schedule set up 11?) to the right constitute a wiring diagram of in the machine controls accumulating, punching, the electrical circuits of the machine. and printing apparatus to automatically punch into the card the unit prices of the items ordered, together with the total price thereof. This total 30 is also printed on the face of the card in a pre The record card Referring to Fig. 2, the record card R is sub divided into a plurality of areas 2 in which the items of the menu, such as fruit cup, scallops, determined position. The machine is further provided with a plurality of counters, one for roast lamb, etc., are printed together with the each marking position of the card, and such price thereof. These areas are provided with counters are controlled concurrently with the 35 suitable headings, such as appetizer, soup, etc., other mechanism to count the number of each and across the top of the card is provided space different item ordered during the day or other for the accommodation of date, table, signature period. of the customer where the service is to be charged, At the end of the day there accordingly will etc. In each area 2 there is provided a block 3 have been collected a group of cards, one for 40 in which the customer is to draw a line with a each patron, prepared in the desirable form of a pencil or other electrically conductive medium ?le of perforated record cards which may there to represent his choice of items on the menu. after be employed in sorting, printing, billing At the right end of the card there is provided a and other statistical machines, through the use ?eld 4 containing four vertical columns of so of which an analysis or inventory may be rap 45 called index point positions designated 0 to 9, in idly and automatically obtained. which the machine will record a total by per Other objects of the invention will be pointed out in the following description and claims and forations in appropriate positions. An area 5 is also provided in the upper right illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which hand corner in which a total is to be printed by disclose, by way of example, the principle of the 50 the machine. A further column 6 is provided in invention and the best mode, which has been which classi?cation data, such as waiter num contemplated, of applying that principle. ber, may be preperforated. The length of the In the drawings: card is subdivided into eighty columns indicated Fig. 1 is a view showing the general appear by the lines 1 across the bottom of the card, ance of'the machine. 55 and in these columns the machine will perforate 2,407,196 3 The procedure is briefly as follows. The cus tomer is presented with a card R upon which 4 toward the right, and through slots 94 cooperating with ?xed pins Q5 this movement toward the the individual prices of those items that have been ordered by marking. right will be accompanied by downward move ment for a purpose presently to be explained. Resiliently pivoted on bar 93 is a ?nger 96 which Cr there appears only the printed data and the clas si?cation hole in column 6. On this card he makes his selection by marks, as shown in sev eral of the spaces 3. From this marked card the waiter serves the desired items, and at the termination of the service the marked card is 10 In ?eld ii, perforations representing the total upon movement of the bar will rock a clutch lever 97 pivoted at 93. The upper end of the lever nor mally engages a dog 99 pivoted at 190 to arm llll which is secured on the shaft 82. Integral with the constantly turning gear BI is a clutch ele ment 102 which is accordingly in constant rota tion. Upon rocking of lever 91, dog 99 is re leased for engagement with element I02, so that the arm It! and shaft 82 are thereafter driven with the gear 8!. Also secured on shaft 82 are several cams for operating the Various mecha nisms. Cam Hi3 cooperates with a bell crank bill are made and the total is printed in area 5. follower arm 194 pivoted at I65, and through pin placed in the machine which will punch therein ' perforations representing the prices of the items ordered as, for example, perforations represent ing 15 cents are made in the ?rst two columns of the card, and perforations representing 10 cents are made in the ?fth and sixth columns. The machine and slot connection I06 rocks a lever 10'! on the 20 end of shaft 87, thereby moving the pressure plate 84 of Fig. 3 toward the left. Referring to Fig. 4, when button 82 is pressed, it will. release the clutch and, after doing so, ing "IQ of the machine and thereupon driven by latch 96 will snap beneath the lower end of lever a pair of constantly rotating rollers ‘H, which rapidly advance it to the second pair of rollers 12 25 91, so that it may rock back into its initial posi tion under the in?uence of its spring to reengage and against a stop or shutter '53, which latter lo dog 99 and uncouple the parts after the cams cates the card in mark sensing position with the have made a single revolution. rollers ii and ‘i2 slipping on the card after its Shutter operating mechanism-Referring to movement is interrupted by the shutter. While in this position, the card is sensed and thereafter 30 Fig. 3, shaft 82 has secured thereon a pair of cams designated I93, I09 and which operate a shutter 73 is rocked out of the path of the card, pair of like levers H0 located one behind the so that the rollers ‘ll, ‘i2 resume feeding to ad other in Fig. 3. The lever H0 operated by cam Vance the card to subsequent pairs of rollers 14, “it rocks rod Ill upon which shutter 16 is 75 which convey it against a second stop or shut mounted to rock the shutter out of the path of ter '56 which locates the card in punching and the card at the time determined by the coniig~ printing position. C’ar feeding mechanism.-—Referring to Figs. 1 and 3, the record card R is inserted in the open After punching and printing have been effected, stop ‘it is rocked out of the path of the card and rollers l5 advance it to further rollers 16, which convey the card through a chute 7"! into a tray '18 (see Fig. 1) from which it may be removed by the operator. Rollers ‘ll, l2, ‘713, 'M, 15 and 76 are interconnected by gears generally desig nated ‘is in Fig. 4, one of which through an idler til is driven by a gear 8| free'on a shaft 82. rI‘his gear is in constant rotation being driven by any suitable means, such as an electric motor, so that as long as the motor is in operation the feed roll ers continue to operate. Mark sensing mechanisna-With the card R in position against stop 13 (Fig. 3) , the marking areas 3 are positioned opposite sets of sensing pins designated 33a, $327, 830 (see Fig. 7) which are mounted in an insulating block 8-3. On the opposite side of the card is located a pressure plate 84 of resilient material which is mounted for horizontal reciprocation through rollers 85 car uration of the cam. Arm H0 operated by cam M19 is loose on the rod HI and has a link con nection H2 with an arm H3 secured to a rod l 24, upon which the upper shutter 73 is mounted, and the time of operation of this shutter will be in accordance with the con?guration of cam Hi9. Reference may be had to Fig. 10 wherein the time of operation of the cams is indicated. The punches.—When the card is in position against the lower stop 18, it lies between a die H5 and a plurality of pimches H5 arranged in eighty columns across the length of the card and ten rows arranged vertically, the spacing being in accordance with the spacing of the hole positions on the record card. For each vertical column of punches I [6 there is a vertical slidable bar ll'i provided with teeth H3 and a spring pressed interposing plunger I It. The manner in - which this bar is reciprocated is as follows: In Fig. 4 a cam Nil secured to shaft 82 rocks fol lower arm i2l on shaft I22 which in Fig. 3 rocks a bail £23 clockwise and through springs I24 ried by the plate and stationary guide members urges levers I25 (there being one lever for each 86. Rocking f the rod 87 will straighten toggle links 88 and force the plate 84 toward the left as 60 card column) in the same direction. The forked end of each lever I25 engages a pin [2% in bar viewed in Fig. 3, to press the record card and the marks thereon against the ends of pins $30., 83?), 830. In the positions in which there is a mark, the mark will form an electrical conneo— tion across the three pins to establish electric Ill, so that the bar is elevated and the plunger H9 passes the ends of punches H5 in succession. The bar may be interrupted with the plunger , opposite any of the punches and, when so inter circuits, which will be explained in connection with the circuit diagram. Card lever contacts.—Located in the path of rupted, bail [23 will continue through its in variable excursion, with' spring I24 extending. The means for stopping the bar in any position the card (Fig. 3) is a card lever 90 which is en gaged by the card as it moves downwardly and is rocked about its pivot 8i to close a pair of contacts designated CL as shown in Fig. 3. comprises a stopping latch I21 which is normally latched in the position shown (Fig. 3) by the armature its controlled by a magnet I29. Upon energization of the magnet, the latch is Operating clutch mechanism.—At the front of released to engage a selected one of the stops the machine (Figs. 1 and 4), there is provided a i it. After the bar has been positioned, a punch button 92 which, when pressed, will slide a bar 93 75 frame I39 suitably mounted for horizontal recip 2,407,196 'rocation by means of rollers I3I and guides I32 is moved toward the left to force plunger II9 against the selected punch H6 and force the punch through the card into the die H5. The sun gear 20 constituting one member of a differ ential mechanism. Secured to the face of gear I1 is a pair of bracket arms 2| which support a shaft 22 on which are journaled planetary gears mechanism for reciprocating the frame I30 com prises a cam I33 (Fig. 4) which rocks a follower arm I34 on shaft I35, which in turn through tog gle links I36 effects the reciprocation of the frame. The punches are suitably notched as shown in Fig. 3 for cooperation with the usual stripper bars I31 which are tied together by a plate I36 which has pin and slot connection I39 with frame I30, so that as the frame moves toward the left the stripper bars. I31 will be free for movement in the same direction and, when the frame re turns, the bars I31 are drawn toward the right to retract the punches from the card. When the punch bars are moved downwardly, a camming portion I39a at their upper ends will engage stop pawls I21 and effect relatching thereof on arma "5 23, :24 meshing with sun gear 20 and also with a. gear 25 similar to gear 20, which gear 25 is ?xed to the shaft 26 journaled in the next frame I6. The gear I1 of the next unit B or B’ is mounted for free rotation on shaft 26, while the 10 sun gear 23 of such unit is rigidly secured to said shaft. The same is true for the succeeding units C, C’ and D’, no differential mechanism being employed at unit D. It will be seen that the gear 25» of the differential mechanism C is 15 secured to a shaft 26X which carries a transfer wheel 3-5 having on its periphery a cam ?ange 35 for the purpose of carrying over from one gear .train‘to that of the next higher order. Whenever wheel 35 makes a complete revolution, 20 cam 36' causes positive engagement of the clutch ture I28. at a particular point in the rotation of wheel Total indicating mechanism-Referring to 35 and a spring thereafter effects declutching. Figs. 3 and 8, the four punch interposer bars I I1 With the cam rotating at its slowest rate, the aligned with the four columns of the card R in period of engagement would be determined by the which the total amount is punched are provided cam 36. At higher rates, the clutch lever would with teeth I40 which, as these bars are positioned, not necessarily follow the cam contour but would rotate related gears I4I which through nested depend on the period of the spring to declutch sleeves I42 drive gears I43. These in turn it and, if desired, a. positive knockout for the through sets of idler gears I44 and I45 drive gears clutch would be provided so that the clutch, I46, which ‘through further nested sleeves I41 whenever engaged, at whatever speed would re drive gears I48 which mesh with teeth in verti main engaged for only one step of advance. cally extending bars I49. These bars are provided Extending through and journaled in the frame with teeth at their upper ends (Fig. 3 and Fig. 4) members I6 is a pair of shafts 31 and 31' of which mesh with gears I50 a?lxed to indicating which shaft 31' is driven by suitable gear con wheels I5I, which are visible through an open nection (not shown) from the shaft 82 of Fig. 4, ing I52 in the casing of the machine (Fig. 1). so that this shaft rotates when shaft 82 is coupled Through the connections traced, positioning of for operation. Shafts 31 and 31' and similar any of these four bars II1 to represent a digit is shafts of higher denominational orders are inter accompanied by like positioning of the related connected through suitable chain and sprocket indicating wheel I5I to display the digit selected connections 39, so that corresponding shafts in all at the opening I52. orders will be rotated in unison. Mounted freely Total printing mechanism-Each bar I49 on each of these shafts adjacent each of the (Figs. 3 and 8) has a lateral extension I53 inter differential mechanisms of each train of gears is mediate its ends. This extension is provided with a sleeve 40 having formed integral therewith two teeth meshing with a gear I54 integral with a 45 similar spaced gears M and 42. Also carried by printing wheel I55, so that the printing wheel the sleeve 40 beyond the gear 42 is a clutch mem will be rotated together with the indicating. wheel ber 43. A similar and cooperating clutch mem I5'I to present the appropriate type face to a ber 44 is slidably mounted on the shaft, but is horizontal printing line opposite a platen I56. splined thereto by a key 45. This clutch member This platen is carried by a bracket I51 (Fig. 3) 50 44 has a peripheral groove in which is ?tted a 'se'cured‘to the punch frame I30 so that, when yoke 45 carried by an arm 41, the lower portion the frame moves toward the left, the platen will 43 of which is somewhat flexible and is secured press the card against the type wheel to effect to a ?xed support carried by the frame 5I. an impression through a suitable inking ribbon Adjacent the corresponding magnet such as 8 indicated at I58. _ ' 55 or 9 is an armature 49 adapted to be attracted Accumulating mechanism.—The accumulating by such magnet, The arm structure 41, 48 and mechanism employed in the present machine is associated parts are carried by a movable frame of the construction shown and described in de member comprising parallel bars 50 and 5i united tail in Patent 1,914,272 of R, J. McFall granted at intervals by cross bars 52. Supported between June '13,‘ 1933. The same will be but brie?y de scribed, and to facilitate reference to such patent 60 the bars 50 and. 5I is a shaft 55 on. ‘which is mounted a back gear 56 which is continuously like parts willbe identi?ed with the same refer meshing with gear 42. Thus, when one of the ence characters as employed in the patent. magnets 8 or 9 is energized, the clutch members ' Referring to Fig. 5, the accumulator comprises a plurality of gear trains, one train for accumu 65 43, 44 are brought into engagement and the gears 4|, 42 and 56 rotate. The movable frame 50, 5| lating units digits, another'train for the tens digits, etc. These gear trains are supported in is capable of being shifted laterally by means of a pair of eccentrics 53, 53' carried by a shaft a'plurality of ?xed parallel frame members I6, and the ‘various units of the two trains illustrated 54. By rotating these shafts 54, the movable are designated A, B, C, D and A’, B’, C", and D’ 70 frame may be shifted laterally from the position respectively. Each of the units A or A’, for ex ample, comprises a large gear I1 Serving as a shown in A’ to that illustrated at B’. When in the ?rst ‘position, the large gear I1 is in mesh planetary gear carrier loosely mounted for rota~ with the back gear 56 and consequently will be tion upon a ?xed stub shaft I8 secured in frame driven in one direction‘ by the shaft 31 and, while “I6. Secured to the 'inner end of shaft I8 is a 75 in the second position, gear I1 is in mesh with 2,407,196 the gear 4:, and hence will be driven in the op posite direction. ' plurality of stationary contact segments I15 and a switch arm I11. The arms I11 are secured to Each of the arms 41 carries an extension 58 the main driving shaft 82 and rotate therewith, in the nature of a pawl which is adapted to en gage and lock the associated gear 42. When the armature 49 is attracted and the clutch mem located in, the path of the arms I11 that contact bers 43 and 4d engage, pawl 58 is shifted to the left out of engagement with the gear 42, thus permitting this gear and associated parts to turn freely. Movement of pawl 53 toward the left 10 will cause the pawl to engage and close a pair of contacts designated 51 for the purpose of maintaining the magnet energized, as will be ex plained in connection with the circuit diagram. For the purpose of the present invention, each of the right hand shafts 26X, ZGY and similar shafts of higher orders. has secured thereto a brush I653 (see Fig. 6) which will take one of ten positions in, accordance with the digital value entered in itsrelated order, and will make con tact with segments WI on a ?xed commutator in while the segments I16 of the emitters are so is made at the times designated in the timing chart Fig. 10. Also mounted on shaft 82 are con tact operating carnsfor controlling contacts gen— erally designated C in the circuit diagram, and these contacts are closed at times indicated in Fig. 10. The machine is also provided with unit count ers designated I18 in Fig. 11a which are mag netically operated to count one for each energizae tion of an associated magnet I19. The location of these counters in the machine is indicated in Figs. 1 and 3, where the location of the dial switches I13 is also shown. As previously explained, upon insertion of a record card in opening 19 (Fig. 3), the constantly running feed rollers will advance it into sensing these ten ‘positions. Also secured to each shaft position. against the upper stop 13. The operator near its end is a disk I32 which is in frictional contact with a disk I53 loosely mounted on the shaft. The several disks I63 are interconnected now presses the button. 92 which will release the one revolution clutch, so that shaft 82 will make one complete revolution and then come to rest. by belt and pulley drive generally designated I64, During this revolution, cam I93 ?rst operates to move the pressure plate 84 against the card and sensing pins, so that in positions where marks occur the three related pins are electrically in terconnected. When cam contacts CI (Fig. 11a) close, there will'be a circuit completed from posi which are operated from a motor I55. Integral with each disk I62 is a notched disk I65 (Fig. 9) in the plane of which there is a stop pawl I61 pivoted at Its. The several pawls I51 are inter connected through a link I59 through spring, pin and slot connection generally designated I10, and the lowermost pivot .168 carries a spring pressed armature I1I of a magnet I12. This mechanism is utilized for restoring or zeroizing I the several accumulator shafts, and during the resetting operation magnet I12 is energized to rock the stops I51 against their related disk I66. At the same time motor I65 is operated to fric tionally drive the several accumulator shafts in 40 tive line I80, wire IBI, central contact pin 83b, the pencil mark, contact pin 83c, counter mag net I19, contacts CI and thence to ground. The energization of magnet I19 will advance its counter one unit. The movement of the card to its position will have engaged the card lever 99 to close card lever contacts CL, so that there is a circuit traceable from line I80, con tacts CL and magnet I19 related to a total counter magnet ‘I18, which will advance one unit and a forward direction. As each wheel arrives at its accordingly count the number of cards passing zero position, the notch is engaged by stop I61 through the machine. and thereafter the frictional connection between Upon the sensing of the mark there is a further disks I 52 and IE3 will slip. 45 circuit traceable from line I89, wire I8I, central Circuit diagram contact pin 8312, the pencil mark, the pin 83a, wire The complete operation of the apparatus will now be explained in connection with the circuit diagram (Figs. 11a and 11b) to point out the sequence in which the various mechanisms func tion in accordance with the timing of their opera tions as represented in Fig. 10. In Fig. 11a are shown three pairs of manually I82. relay magnet RI to ground. Magnet RI will close its contacts RIa and Rlb which ac cordingly will remain closed as long as the pencil mark continues to bridge the sensing pins. Simi lar circuits for counting marks in other areas and energizing other related RI relays are completed at the same time. In the circuit diagram, for simplicity the magnets I19 and relays RI are 55 shown as being directly energized through the pencil marks. In practice, suitable current am tionable contact pointers I15. The dial switches in the upper horizontal row are provided with plifying devices. as is well known, would be inter posed to amplify the current sufiiciently to oper ten segments I14, while the units switches are provided with only two, designated 0 and 5, so ate the magnets. At the time indicated in Fig. 10, the brush ‘I11 that on any pair of switches in a vertical row 60 of emitter A will contact its segments I16 in suc two place amounts may be set with 5 cent in cession, and a group of wires designated I83 (Fig. tervals; for example, the left hand pair of 11a) will‘ be connected in succession to line I80 switches I13 is set to represent 25, the central pair is set to represent 40, and the right hand in the order 9, 8, '7, etc. With the switch I15 set - at its 2 segment I14, for example, a circuit will pair represents '75. For simplification of the dia be traceable when brush I11 contacts its 2 seg gram, only three pairs of switches are shown, ment H5 as follows: from line I80, brush I11 of but it is to be understood that there is a pair provided for each marking area 3 of the card in emitter A, the 2 segment I16, the 2 wire I83, one Fig. 2, and each pair will be adjusted to represent of ‘the wires I84, the 2 segment I14, contact arm thereon the price or value of the commodity ‘I15, wire I85, contacts RIa, wire I86, normally printed in the related card ?eld. closed contacts RZa, wire I81 (Fig. 111)‘), adding clutch magnet 9 to ground. The accumulator In Fig. 11a are shown two commutator devices designated Emitter A and Emitter B, and in Fig. shafts 31, 31' are geared to the shaft 82, so that the accumulator shafts make one revolution while 11b is shown another such device designated thecommutator brush I11 of emitter A traverses Emitter C. Each of these devices comprises a settable dial switches generally designated I13, comprising ?xed contact segments I14 and posi 2,407,196 9. 10 its segments I16, so that energization of magnet concurrently positioned with the punch bars con trolled by the marks, and as previously explained the total printing wheels and total indicating 9 at this time will cause entry of a 2 into the tens order of one of the accumulator units. Just prior to this, when the brush I11 contacted the 5 segment I16, a circuit was completed from line I80, brush I11 of emitter A, the 5 segment I16, the 5 wire I83, the 5 wire I84, to the 5 seg ment I14 at the units order switch, thence through contact arm I15, wire I88, contacts Rlb, wheels will be concurrently adjusted. It is to be noted that printing wheels I55 and indicating wheels I5I are provided only for the four columns of the total field of the card. This is seen from Fig. 8 where only the four end punch interposer bars II1 are geared to gears Idl. After the bars wire I89, normally closed contacts R2b, wire I90 10 have been positioned, the sensing frame 84 is (Fig. 11b) and magnet 8 to ground. Thus, the retracted and the upper stop 13 is also retracted, units order magnet 8 will be energized at a time so that the card now advances rapidly to position appropriate for the entry of 5 in the related po-‘ against stop 18 and, after its arrival there, cam sition. The magnets a and a close their related ‘ I33 operates to effect punching and printing in contacts 51, so that a holding circuit therefor is 15 accordance with the setting of the bars and provided which is traceable from line I80 (Fig. wheels. Thereafter, the lower stop 18 is re IIb), wire I9I, cam contacts C3 (see Fig. 10), tracted by its cam I09 and the card is fed into the contacts 51, magnets 8 and 9 in parallel to ground. tray 18. While the card is advancing to punch The contacts C3 are timed to open at a so-called ing position, cam contacts C5 (Fig. 1111) close to zero time, at which time the adding wheels will energize the magnet I12 and shortly thereafter have advanced the required amount. cam contacts C4 close to place the motor 585 in During this same period of time, sensing of operation. This operation is maintained for the other marks will have energized others of the interval indicated in Fig. 10 during which the ac adding magnets 8 and 9, so that the accumulator cumulator is reset as explained in the mechanical will concurrently receive a plurality of amounts 25 description. and through the differential adding mechanism At the end of the cycle, the shaft 82 comes to described will position the readout brushes I60 rest and it will be noted that in such rest position of Fig. 11b to represent the total of the entered the punch bars remain in their set position, so amounts. As indicated by dotted lines in Fig. that the last previous total continues to be dis 11b, a second accumulator mechanism may be 30 played at the window I52 and will remain so set provided if desired, wherein through parallel cir until another cycle of operation of shaft 02 is cuit connections a second set of magnets 8 and brought about. 9 may be energized. Such second accumulator While there have been shown and described would serve as a so-called grand total accumu and pointed out the fundamental novel features lator and will contain a running total of all 35 of the invention as applied to a single modi?ca amounts entered, while the ?rst accumulator will tion, it will be understood that various omissions be reset after each card in the manner yet to be and substitutions and changes in the form and details of the device illustrated and in its opera While the selected amounts are being entered, tion may be made by those skilled in the art with the punch bars II1 are moved downwardly under 40 out departing from the spirit of the invention. control of their cam I20 and then rise again. It is the intention therefore to be limited only as During the upward movement of the bars, emit indicated by the scope of the following claims. ters B and C traverse their respective sets of con What is claimed is: tacts I18 as shown in Fig. 10 and a pair of con 1. In a machine controlled by a record card tacts C2 (Fig. 11a) are closed. Such closure will 45 having a plurality of marking areas thereon in cause energization of a relay magnet R2 to shift each of which areas a mark may be made to rep its related contacts R211 and R21) into their alter resent a commodity, a plurality of settable nate positions. Accordingly, as the brush I11 of switches for each marking area, the switches for emitter B now traverses its segments I16, the each area being settable to represent a selected wires I83 will receive impulses through connect value for the related commodity, means for sens ing wires I92, and circuits will now be completed ing the areas of the card, punching mechanism, from line I80, brush I11 of emitter B, contact accumulating mechanism, operating means segments I16, wires I92, I83, I84, the segments therefor, means jointly controlled by said sens I14, switch arms I15, contacts Rla, RIb, wires ing means and said settable switches, for control I86 and I89, the upper contacts RM and R21) and 55 ling the operating means of said accumulating thence through wires I93, and selectively adjust mechanism to obtain therein the total of the able connections I94 to punch magnets I29 and values represented by the switches whose related thence to ground. The brush of emitter B is syn areas contain marks, further means jointly con chronlzed with the movement of the punch bars, trolled by said sensing means and‘ said settable so that if, for example, a brush I15 is set on a 60 switches for controlling a portion of said punch" 5 segment, the magnet I29 will be energized at ing mechanism to individually record in the card a time to intercept the related bar I I‘! through its the values represented by the switches whose explained. 5 tooth II8 (Fig. 3), to thus position the inter poser H9 in line with the 5 punch H6. In this related areas contain marks, and means con“ trolled by said accumulating mechanism concur manner the punch bars are concurrently posi 65 rently with the operation of said last named tioned, a pair of each under control of one of the means, for controlling another portion of said marks and in accordance with the setting of the punching mechanism to record in the card the related switch. At the same time emitter C will total of said vaiues together with the recording complete circuits in Fig. 11b from line I80, brush of the individual values. I11 of emitter C, segments I16, wires I95, wires 2. In a machine controlled by a record card I98, segment I6I, brush I60, wires I91 (Fig. 110), having a plurality of marking areas thereon in to other punch magnets I29 and thence to each of which areas a mark may be‘ made to rep ground. resent a commodity, a plurality of settable Through these circuit connections the punch switches for each marking area, the switches for bars associated with the total printing wheels are each area being settable to represent a selected 2,407,196 11 12 currently sensing the areas of the card, punching switches for each marking area, the switches for each area being settable to represent a selected mechanism, accumulating mechanism, operating value for the related commodity, means for sens means therefor, means jointly controlled by said sensing means and said settable switches, for ing the areas of the card, punching mechanism, accumulating mechanism, operating means value for the related commodity, means for con controlling the operating means of said accumu~ therefor, means jointly controlled by said sens lating mechanism to obtain therein the total of ing means and said settable switches, for control ling the operating means of said accumulating the values represented by the switches whose re lated areas contain marks, said control being mechanism to obtain therein the total of the values represented by the switches whose related concurrent for all Values accumulated, further means jointly controlled by said sensing means areas contain marks, further means jointly con and said settable switches for controlling a por~ trolled by said sensing means and said settable tion of said punching mechanism to individually switches for controlling said punching mecha record in the card the values represented by the ' nism to individually record in the card the values represented by the switches whose related areas switches whose related areas contain marks, and means controlled by said accumulating mecha contain marks, printing mechanism, operating nism concurrently with the operation of said last means therefor operable concurrently with the named means, for controlling another portion of punching mechanism, and means controlled by said punching mechanism to record in the card said accumulating mechanism concurrently with the total of said values together with the record 20 the operation of said last named means, for com ing of the individual values. trolling said printing mechanism to print on the 3. In a machine controlled by a record card card, concurrently with the operation of said having a plurality of marking areas thereon in punching mechanism, the total of said values. each of which areas a mark may be made to rep resent a commodity, a plurality of settable THOMAS J. WATSON.