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Патент USA US2407224

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sept- 10, 1946-
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J. D. CHANDLER
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‘2,407,224
SHOE AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME:
Filed Sept. 6, 1945
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,ev lhventor
James ‘D aha-mailer
Patented Sept. 10, 1946
2,407,224
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE‘
2,407,224
SHOE AND METISIOD OF MAKING THE
AME
James D. Chandler, Swampscott, Mass, assignor ‘
to United Shoe Machinery Corporation, Flem
ington, N. .L, a corporation of New Jersey
Application September 6, 1945, Serial No. 614,624
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19 Claims.
(o1. 3s—1s)
1
2
- This invention relates to shoes and methods of
of making platform shoes which consists in pro
viding a platform sole having a reducedmargin
making shoes and more particularly to improved
methods of making shoes provided with an in
termediate or platform sole which is covered at
its edge portion with a platform cover or wrapper
strip.
'
'
In shoes of the type referred to it is the usual
practice to stitch an upper, a ?exible insole or
sock lining and a'platform cover or wrapper
and a raised central portion and providing an
upper having a wrapper strip secured thereto.
The‘ upper is secured to’ the platform sole with
the upper turned outwardly and overlying the
reducedmargin of the sole. The wrapper strip
is‘then turned outwardly and downwardly over
the edge portion of the sole and inwardly beneath
10 its bottom surface, after which an outsole is at
strip together while unsupported by a last and
then to “slip-last” the shoe by inserting a last
into the upper. The platform sole is then at
tached and the wrapper strip is turned down;
wardly over the edge portion of the sole and se
cured to its outer or bottom surface, after which 15
tached to the shoe bottom.
>
As herein illustrated, the platform sole and
upper are assembled together on a last with the
marginal portion of the upper turned-outwardly
to overlie the reduced margin of the sole. The
an outsole is laid and secured to the inturned
upper is then secured in‘ lasted relation to the
portion of the wrapper strip, usually by cement.
The ‘above procedure obviously requires ac
',
curate cutting and pre?tting of the parts. Fur
thermore, the assembling and stitching of the 20
platform sole by stitches, thereby thread-lasting
parts together off a last must be done with con
the upper in‘substantially the same manner, for
example, as in making stitch-down shoes, the
seam preferably being located substantially in the
crease formed in the upper where ity is turned
siderable skill and care if the shoe is to ?t the
last properly when the latter is inserted into the
upper. This accurate pre?tting of the parts and
outwardly to overlie the reduced margin of the
stitching the parts together while off a last usu
passes substantially through the corner at the
inner side of the raised central portion of the
platform sole. The upper and wrapper strip are
thereafter permanently attached to the platform
the care that must be taken in assembling and 25 sole by another seam which, as herein illustrated,
ally involve considerable time and expense which ‘
‘sole and extends diagonally, or at a substantial
angle, through the sole. The wrapper strip is
facturing the shoes. ‘Since the shoe is practically
completed, except for its sole portion, before the 30 turned downwardly along the line of the stitches
forming the second seam and then inwardly be
last is inserted into the upper, any errors in the
neath the bottom surface of the platform sole to
pre?tting or assembling of the parts cannot be
easily corrected. Moreover, shoes completed, or
which surface it is permanently secured, prefer
partially completed, while olf a last do not usu
ably by cement. The outsole is then attached
ally have the smooth, ?rm and well-shaped ap 35 to the inturned portion of the wrapper strip to
add appreciably to the ultimate cost of manu
the lastbefore anyxstitching or other fastening
If de
sired, the wrapper strip can be attached to the
upper after the upper has been thread-lasted to
the platform sole instead of before, the wrapper
means are employed to secure the upper in lasted
strip being attached to the upper by the diagonal
pearance that shoes have which have been con
structed on a last, that is, shoes that have been
pulled-over and lasted to the actual shape of
, complete the construction of the shoe.
seam referred to which passes substantially
through‘ the corner at the inner side of the raised
central portion of the platform sole and attaches
the upper and strip permanently to the sole.
form shoes the practice of which will not require
the skill and accuracy usually required in other 45
In accordance with its article aspect, the in
vention provides an improved platform shoe
methods, but which will be relatively simple to
carry out and which will also be practicable and
which, as herein illustrated, comprises, in com
bination, an upper, a platform sole having a re
economical. Another object of the invention is
duced margin and a raised central portion, the
to provide an improved platform shoe which will
have the strength, flexibility and wearing quali 50 marginal portion of the upper being turned out
wardly and overlying the reduced margin of the
ties of shoes of this type made by other meth
platform sole. A wrapper strip engages the outer
ods, and which will also have the smooth and well
position.
.
An important object of the present invention
is to provide an improved method of making plat
shaped appearance of a shoe made on a last.
surface of the upper and a row of stitches secures
the upper to the reduced margin of the sole, an‘
To these ends the invention provides, in ac
cordance with one aspect, an improved method 65 other row of stitches securing the upper and
2,407,224
3
4
wrapper strip permanently to the platform sole,
the last-named stitches passing substantially
to the edge face of the raised central portion of
the sole to cover said edge face, as illustrated in
Fig. 2.
through the corner at the inner side of the raised
central portion of the sole and extending diago
nally through said central portion. The wrap
per strip is turned outwardly and downwardly
along the line of said last-named stitches and
extends inwardly beneath the bottom surface of
the platform sole to which surface it is secured,
An upper I8 is provided and also a platform
edge covering strip or wrapper 2!] which is se
cured to the outer surface of the upper adjacent
to its lower or lasting margin in any usual or
convenient manner, for example, by cement. The
lower edge of the wrapper strip 20 is located to
preferably by cement, the outsole being attached 10 coincide substantially with the inner edge of the
to the inturned portion of the wrapper strip.
lasting margin of the upper, as shown in Fig. 3.
When a wedge heel is utilized in the shoe, the
The platform sole and the upper are assembled
wrapper strip covers the sides of the wedge heel
together on a last 22, as illustrated in Fig. 4, with
as well as the reduced edge face of the platform
the marginal portion of the upper turned out
sole and it is turned inwardly and secured to the
wardly and. overlying the reduced margin of the
bottom surfaces of the sole and wedge heel, as
sole. The upper is secured in lasted relation to
described above, preferably by cement.
the platform sole by stitches 24 which are prefer
With the above and other objects and aspects
ably located substantially at the crease where the
in view the invention will now be described in
upper is turned outwardly and extend diagonally
detail in connection with the accompanying 20 or at an angle through the upper and the re
drawing and will thereafter be pointed out in
duced margin of the sole, this operation being
the claims.
In the drawing,
Fig. 1 is a transverse sectional view of a plat
ation. Preferably, and as illustrated herein, the
stitches 24 also pass through the lower edge of
commonly referred to as a thread-lasting oper
form sole, the edge or marginal portion of which
the wrapper strip 20, thereby strengthening the
has been rabbeted to provide a reduced margin
and a raised central portion, the raised central
portion having a sock lining with an extended
attachment of the wrapper strip to the upper,
particularly if the strip were originally secured to
the upper by cement alone, as mentioned above.
margin secured thereto;
After the upper has been thread lasted as de
scribed, the upper and wrapper strip are perma
nently secured to the platform sole by a row of
stitches 26, as illustrated in Fig. 5, the stitches 26,
Fig. 2 is a transverse sectional view of the plat
form sole after the extended margin of the sock
lining has been turned downwardly and secured
to the edge face of the raised central portion of
the sole;
which are preferably lockstitches, passing sub
stantially through the corner at the inner side of
Fig. 3 is a sectional view of an upper having 35 the raised central portion I 4 of the platform sole
and extending diagonally, or at a substantial
a wrapper strip secured to its outer surface;
angle, through said raised central portion. If de
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of the
sired, the wrapper strip 28 can be attached to the
platform sole and upper assembled together on
upper after the upper has been thread-lasted to
a last and the upper secured in lasted relation to
the sole by stitches with the marginal portion of 40 the platform sole instead of before, the wrapper
strip being secured to the upper by the diagonal
the upper turned outwardly and overlying the
stitches 26 which attach the upper permanently
reduced margin of the sole;
to the platform sole. When this procedure is
Fig. 5 is a sectional view, similar to Fig. 4, show
followed, the wrapper strip may be fed into posi
ing the upper and wrapper strip permanently se
cured to the platform sole by another row of .- tion against the side of the upper by means of a
guide or gage on the machine which inserts the
stitches passing substantially through the cor
stitches 26.
ner at the inner side of the raised central portion
of the sole and extending diagonally through said
After the upper and wrapper strip have been
portion;
permanently secured to the platform sole by the
lockstitch seam 26, the out-turned marginal por
Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the shoe after the
wrapper strip has been turned downwardly over
tion of the upper and the reduced margin I2 of
the edge of the platform sole and inwardly be
the platform sole are trimmed off substantially
?ush with the outer surface of the wrapper strip
neath its bottom surface, and an outsole has been
attached to the shoe bottom to complete the con
20, as illustrated in Fig. 5. The wrapper strip is
55 then turned outwardly and downwardly along the
struction of the shoe, and
Fig. 7 is a side elevation of the completed shoe
line of stitches 28 and inwardly beneath the bot
with the toe and heel portions shown in section.
tom surface of the platform sole, as illustrated in
Fig. 6, the strip being permanently secured to the
In practicing the method of the present inven
outer or bottom surface of the sole, preferably by
tion, as herein illustrated, a platform sole [0 ‘is
provided of relatively thick yielding material,
cement. The wrapper strip thus conceals the
such as felt, cork or similar yielding material,
stitches 2S and the stitches 24 as well as covering
and the edge or marginal portion of the sole is
the trimmed edge portions of the upper and plat
rabbeted, as illustrated in Fig. 1, to provide a re
form sole. An outsole 28 is attached to the in
duced margin or ?ange l2 and a raised central
turned portion of the wrapper strip by cement or
portion Ill. The raised central portion M of the 65 other means to complete the construction of the
sole is covered with a sock lining l6, preferably
shoe.
composed of thin, ?exible leather or fabric ma
If a wedge heel is desired on the finished shoe,
terial which is cemented or otherwise secured to
as is usual in platform shoes of this type, the
the inner surface of the raised central portion
wedge heel is attached to the rear portion of the
and is larger than said raised portion by an 70 platform sole after the upper and wrapper strip
amount substantially equal to the depth of the
have been permanently secured to the sole by
rabbet formed in the marginal portion of the sole.
the seam 26 but before the wrapper strip has been
The portion of the sock lining [3 which extends
turned downwardly and secured or “lasted” to
laterally beyond the raised central portion of the
the bottom surface of the platform sole. As illus
platform sole is turned downwardly and secured
trated in Fig. 7, a wedge heel 30 is positioned on
5
5
the rear portion of the platform. sole l0 and per
manently secured thereto, preferably. by cement,
‘last with the margin of the upper turned 011 ~
,
'wardly and overlying the reduced margin. of the
sole, securing the upper and wrapper strip to the
platform sole by stitches extending diagonally‘
surfaces of the Wedge heel and platform sole, the UK through the sole, turning the wrapper strip out
wardly and downwardly along the line of said
strip being permanently secured to said bottom
stitches and inwardly beneath the bottom sure
surfaces by cement, as described above. The full
face of the platform sole, securing the strip to
length outsole 2B is then cement-attached to the
said bottom surface, and attaching an outsole to
inturned portion of the wrapper strip, as shown
10 the shoe bottom.
in Fig. 7, to complete the shoe.
6. That improvement in methods of making
Having thus described my invention, what I
platform shoes which consists in‘ providing a
claim as new and desire to secure by LettersPat
platform sole having a raised central portion and
ent of the United States is:
r '
a ‘reduced margin, said central portion being
1. That improvement in methods of making
platform shoes which consists in providing a 15 covered by a sock lining cemented ‘thereto, pro
viding an upper having a wrapper strip secured
platform sole having a raised central ‘portion and
thereto, assembling the platform sole and upper
a reduced margin, providing an upper having a
together on a last and securing the upper in
wrapper strip secured thereto, assembling the
lasted relation to the sole with the upper turned
platform sole and upper together and securing
the upper to the sole with the upper .turned out 20 outwardly vand overlying the reduced margin of
the sole, securing the upper and wrapper strip
wardly and overlying the reduced margin of
permanently to the platform sole by stitches
the sole, turning the wrapper strip outwardly,
passing through the raised central portion of
downwardly and inwardly beneath ‘the bottom
the sole and extending diagonally through said
surface of the platform sole. and attaching an
portion, turning the wrapper strip- outwardly
outsole to the shoe.
7
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and downwardly along the line of said stitches
2. That improvement in methods of making
and then inwardly beneath the bottom surface
platform shoes which consists in providing a
of the platform sole, securing the strip to said
platform sole having a raised central portion and
areduced margin, providing an upper having a
bottom surface, and attaching an outsole to the
wrapper strip secured thereto, assembling the ;. inturned portion of the wrapper strip.
'7. That improvement in methods of making
platform sole and upper together on a last with
‘platform shoes which consists in providing a
the marginal portion of the upper turnedrout»
platform sole having its edge portion‘rabbeted
wardlyand overlying the reduced margin of the
after which the Wrapper strip 20 will be turned
downwardly and inwardly beneath the bottom
sole, securing the upper to the sole in such posi
tion, turning the wrapper strip outwardly, down
wardly and inwardly beneath the bottom surface
of the platform sole and securing it to said bot
tom surface, and attaching an outsole to the shoe.
3. That improvement in methods of making
platform shoes which consists in providing a plat
03)
form sole having a thick central portion and a
relatively thin margin, providing an upper hav~ ‘
ing a wrapper strip secured thereto, assembling
the platform sole and upper together with the
margin of the upper turned outwardly and over
lying the thin margin of the sole, securing the
upper to the platform sole in such position by
stitches, turning the wrapper strip downwardly
to provide a reduced margin and a raised central
portion, providing an upper having a wrapper
strip secured to its outer surface and extending
upwardly with respect'to the upper, assembling
the platform sole and upper together and secur
ing the upper to the sole with the marginal por
tion of the upper turned outwardly and overlying
the reduced margin of the sole, turning the wrap
per strip downwardly over the edge face of said
reduced margin and inwardly beneath the bot
tom surface of the platform sole, and attaching
an outsole to the inturned portion of the wrapper
strip.
8. That improvement in methods of making
platform shoes which consists in providing a
and inwardly beenath the ‘bottom surface of the
platform sole having its marginal portion rab
platform sole. and attaching an outsole to the
beted to provide a relatively thin margin and a
inturned portion of the wrapper strip.
thicker central portion, said central portion being
4. That improvement in methods of making
covered by a sock lining, providing an upper
platform shoes which consists in providing a
having a, wrapper strip secured thereto, assem
platform sole having a reduced margin and a
bling the platform sole and upper together on
raised central portion, said central portion be
a last and securing the upper in lasted relation
ing covered by a sock lining, providing an upper 55 to the platform sole by stitches with the margin
having a wrapper strip secured thereto, assem
of the upper turned outwardly and overlying
bling the platform sole and the upper together
the thin margin of the sole, securing the upper
on a last, securing the upper in lasted relation
and wrapper strip permanently to the platform
to the platform sole With the marginal portion of
sole by stitches passing substantially through the
60
the upper turned outwardly and overlying the
corner at the inner side of the‘thick central por
reduced margin of the platform sole, securing
tion thereof and extending diagonally through
the upper and wrapper strip permanently to the
said central portion, turning the wrapper strip
platform sole by a row of stitches, turning the
outwardly and downwardly along the line of said
wrapper strip outwardly and downwardly and
last-named stitches and inwardly beneath the
then inwardly beneath the bottom surface of the
platform sole, securing the strip to said bottom
bottom surface of the platform sole, securing the
strip permanently to said bottom surface, and.
surface, and attaching an outsole to the inturned
attaching an outsole to the inturned portion of
portion of the wrapper strip.
the wrapper strip.
5. That improvement in methods of making
9. That improvement in methods of making
platform shoes which consists in providing a 70
platform shoes which consists in providing a
platform sole having a raised central portion
‘platform ‘sole having its marginal portion rab
and a reduced margin, said central portion being
beted to provide a laterally extending flange and
covered with a sock lining, providing an upper
a raised central port-ion, the central portion being
having a wrapper strip secured thereto, assem
bling the platform sole and upper together on'a 75 covered by a sock lining cemented thereto, pro
2,407,224
7
viding an upper having a wrapper strip tem
turned outwardly and overlying the reduced mar
porarily secured thereto, assembling the upper
gin of the platform sole, securing the upper and
wrapper strip permanently to the platform sole
by stitches passing substantially through the cor
and platform sole together on a last and secur
ing the upper in lasted relation to the sole by
stitches with the margin of the upper turned out
Cl ner at the inner side of the raised central por
wardly and overlying said flange, the stitches
being located substantially in the crease formed
where the upper is turned outwardly, securing
the upper and wrapper strip permanently to the
tion of the sole and extending diagonally through
said portion, attaching a wedge heel to the plat
form sole, turning the wrapper strip outwardly
and downwardly along the line of said stitches
platform sole by stitches passing substantially 10 and inwardly beneath the bottom surfaces of the
through the corner at the inner side of the
platform sole and wedge heel, securing the strip
raised central portion of the sole and extending
to said bottom surfaces, and attaching an outsole
diagonally through said central portion, turning
to the inturned portion of the wrapper strip.
the wrapper strip outwardly and downwardly
13. That improvement in methods of making
along the line of the last-named stitches and
platform shoes which consists in providing a
inwardly beneath the bottom surface of the plat
platform sole having its edge portion rabbeted
form sole and securing the strip to said bottom
to provide a reduced margin and a raised cen
surface by cement, and attaching an outsole to
tral portion, said central portion being covered
the inturned portion of the wrapper strip.
by a sock lining overlapping its edge face, pro
10. That improvement in methods of making
viding an upper having a wrapper strip secured
platform shoes which consists in ploviding a
thereto adjacent to its lower margin, assembling ,
platform shoe having a reduced margin and a
the platform sole and upper together on a last
raised central portion, said central portion being
and securing the upper in lasted relation to the
covered by a sock lining, providing an upper
sole by stitches with the marginal portion of the
having a wrapper strip secured thereto, assem
upper turned outwardly and overlying the re
bling the platform sole and upper together on
duced margin of the sole, said stitches being
a last and securing the upper in lasted relation
located substantially in the crease formed in the
to the sole with the marginal portion of the
upper where it is turned outwardly, securing the
upper turned outwardly and overlying the re
upper and wrapper strip permanently to the plat
duced margin of the ,sole, securing the upper and 3 U form sole by stitches passing substantially
Wrapper strip permanently to the platform sole
through the corner at the inner side of the raised
by stitches, trimming the upper and reduced
central portion of the sole and extending at an
margin of the platform sole substantially flush
angle through said portion, trimming the mar
with the outer surface of the wrapper strip,
gins of the upper and platform sole substan
turning the wrapper strip over and downwardly _
tially flush with the outer surface of the wrapper
along the line of said stitches and inwardly
strip, securing a wedge heel to the platform sole,
beneath the bottom surface of the platform sole,
turning the wrapper strip downwardly along the
and attaching an outsole to the inturned portion
line of said stitches andthen inwardly beneath
of the wrapper strip.
the bottom surfaces of the platform sole and
11. That improvement in methods of making 40 wedge heel, securing the strip to said bottom sur
platform shoes which consists in providing a
faces, and attaching an outsole to the inturned
platform sole having its marginal portion rab
portion of the wrapper strip.
beted to provide a reduced margin and a raised
14. A shoe having, in combination, an upper,
central portion, the inner surface and edge face
a platform sole having a reduced margin and a
of said central portion being covered by a sock
raised central portion, a sock lining covering
lining, providing an upper having a wrapper strip
said raised central portion, the margin of the
secured thereto, assembling the platform sole
upper being turned outwardly and overlying the
and upper together on a last and securing the
reduced margin of the platform sole, a wrapper
upper in lasted relation to the sole by stitches
strip engaging the upper, a row of stitches secur
with the marginal portion of the upper turned 50 ing the upper to the reduced margin of the plat
outwardly and overlying the reduced margin of
form sole, another row of stitches securing the
the sole, ‘said stitches being located substantially
wrapper strip and upper to the raised central
in the crease formed where the upper is turned
portion of the sole, said wrapper strip being
outwardly, securing the upper and wrapper strip
turned downwardly along the line of said last
permanently to the platform sole by a seam
named stitches and inwardly beneath the bottom
passing substantially through the corner at the
surface of the platform sole, and an outsole
inner side of the raised central portion of the
attached to the inturned portion of the wrapper
sole and extending diagonally through said cen
strip.
tral portion, trimming the upper and reduced
15. A shoe having, in combination, an upper,
margin of the platform sole substantially flush 60 a platform sole the edge portion of which is rab
with the outer surface of the wrapper strip,
beted to provide a reduced margin and a raised
turning the wrapper strip downwardly along said
central portion, a sock lining covering said raised
seam and inwardly beneath the bottom surface
central portion including its edge face, the mar
of the sole and securing it to said bottom surface,
ginal portion of said upper being turned out
and attaching an outsole to the shoe.
65 wardly and overlying the reduced margin of the
12. That improvement in methods of making
platform sole, a wrapper strip engaging the outer
, platform shoes which consists in providing a
surface of the upper, a row of stitches securing
platform sole having its marginal portion rab
the wrapper strip and upper to the reduced
margin of the platform sole, a second row of
beted to provide a reduced margin and a raised
central portion, securing a sock lining to said 70 stitches securing the wrapper strip and upper to
raised central portion, providing an upper hav
the raised central portion of the sole, said last
ing a wrapper strip secured thereto, assembling
named stitches passing substantially through the
the platform sole and upper together on a last
corner at the inner side of the raised central
and securing the upper in lasted relation to the
portion of the platform sole and extending at an
platform sole with the margin of the upper
angle through said portion, said wrapper strip
2,407,224
being turned outwardly and downwardly along
the line of said last-named stitches and inwardly
beneath the bottom surface of the platform sole
and being secured to said bottom surface, ‘and
an outsole attached to the inturned portion of
10
form sole, securing the strip to said bottom sur
face, and attaching an outsole to the shoe.
18. That improvement in methods of making
platform shoes which consists in providing a plat
form sole having a reduced margin and a raised
central portion, assembling the platform sole
the wrapper strip.
16. A shoe having, in combination, an upper, a
on a last with an upper, securing the upper in
platform sole having a rabbeted edge portion pro
‘lasted relation to the platform sole by stitches
viding a reduced margin and a raised central
with the marginal portion of the upper turned
portion, a sock lining covering said raised central 10 outwardly and overlying the reduced margin of
portion including its edge face, the margin of
said upper being turned outwardly and overlying
the reduced margin of the platform sole, a wrap
per strip engaging the outer surface of said up
the sole, securing the upper ‘permanently to the
platform sole by stitches extending diagonally
through the sole while simultaneously attaching
a wrapper strip to the upper by said stitches,
turning the wrapper strip outwardly and down
reduced margin of the platform sole, said stitches
wardly along the line of the diagonal stitches and
being located substantially in the crease formed
inwardly beneath the bottom surface of the plat
where the upper is turned outwardly, a second
form sole, securing the strip to said bottom sur
row of stitches securing the wrapper strip and
face, and attaching an outsole to the inturned
upper to the raised central portion of the plat 20 portion of the wrapper strip.
form sole, said last-named stitches passing sub
19. That improvement in methods of making
stantially through the corner at the inner side
platform shoes which consists in providing a plat
of said raised central portion and extending di
form sole having its marginal portion rabbeted
per, a row of stitches securing the upper to the
agonally through said portion, a wedge heel se
to produce a reduced margin and a raised cen
cured to the rear portion of the platform sole,
tral portion, assembling the platform sole on a
the wrapper strip being turned outwardly and
last with an upper, securing the upper in lasted
downwardly along the line of said last-named
relation to the platform sole by stitches with the
stitches and inwardly beneath the bottom sur
marginal portion of the upper turned outwardly
faces of the platform sole and wedge heel and
and overlying the reduced margin of the sole, said
being secured to said bottom surfaces by cement, 30 stitches being located substantially in the'crease
and an outsole attached to the inturned portion
where the upper is turned outwardly and extend
of the wrapper strip.
,
ing at an angle through the platform sole, secur~
17. That improvement in methods of making
ing the upper permanently to the platform sole
platform shoes which consists in providing a plat
and simultaneously attaching a wrapper strip to
form sole having a reduced margin and a raised 35 the upper by a single row of stitches which pass
central portion, assembling the platform sole on
substantially through the corner at the inner side
a last with an upper, securingthe upper in lasted
of the raised central portion of the sole and ex
relation to the platform sole with the marginal
tend diagonally through said central portion,
portion of the upper turned outwardly and over
trimming the upper and platform sole substan
lying the reduced margin of the sole, securing 40 tially flush with the outer surface of the wrapper
the upper permanently to the platform sole by
strip, turning the wrapper strip outwardly, down
stitches while also attaching a wrapper strip to
the outer surface of the upper by said stitches,
turning the wrapper strip outwardly and down
wardly along the line of said stitches and in 45
wardly and inwardly beneath the bottom surface
of the platform sole, securing the strip to said
wardly beneath the bottom surface of the plat
bottom surface, and attaching an outsole to the
shoe bottom.
JAMES D. CHANDLER.
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