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Патент USA US2407363

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PERMUTATION LOCKBOX
'Filed het. 26, 1944
«
'
2 sheets-sheet 1
1 MMW- W‘?em
2,407,362
Patented Sept. 10, 1946
UNITED
STATES
PATENT _ OFFICE
2,407,362
'
y
Y PERMUTATION lLOCKBOX
y
Henry Winterfeld, New York, N. Y.
Application October 2.6, 1944, Serial No. 560,441
5 Claims.
1.
.
This invention relates 'to a lock box and has for
its object to provide a box or the like carried on
the lid of which is a system of permutation locks.
Another object of the invention is to provide a
toy box, cigar box, candy box, tool box, or the like,
provided with a very inexpensive permutation
lockìngmeans.
f
`
"l
(Cl.r70--315)
-
`
A Stm further objecrof the invention is to pre..
vide a box locking meansprovided with a series
of independent but cooperating permutation locks.
Other features and advantages will become
more readily apparent from the following descrip
tion and the accompanying illustrative drawings
2
‘
are provided similar bores 3| and 32 in said top
for indicating the symbols of the locks I2 and I3.
The box I5 is provided with a division wall 33,
projecting into which are the shanks 34 and 35 of v
tumbler engaging members 36 and 31, which are
' in the form of heads on said Shanks and which
heads stand far enoughy above the top surface 38
of Wall 33 to permit the periphery of the disk 22
to pass between saidtop surface and said head 31
whereby the disk.22, secures said top I4, from be
" ing opened. It is to be noted that thev tumbler
disks of both locks I2 and I3 are so located on op
posite sides of wall 33 as to engage under the
member 36, while the tumbler disk 22 of lock I I is'
in which:
,
Figure 1 is a top plan View of a box embracing 15 engageable by the member 31.
The symbols 28 and 29 on the reverse sides of
my invention,
the dial disk 20 are so arranged that when certain
Figure 2 is a similar view, the box top being
chosen symbols appear in the openings 3D, 3| and
shown wide open,
32 of the box top, the same symbols will appear
Figure 3 is a section on line 3-3, of Figure 1,
Figure 4 is a detail plan View of a symbol carry 20 between the V-shaped notches 24, 24a and 24h on
the underside 39 of the top. Therefore, in order
ing disk and
to set the dials to open on a predetermined set of
Figure 5 is a similar view of the reverse side of
symbols, the box top is thrown back and the disk
Figure 4.
22 of each lock is rotated by holding secure to the
In the following specification and in the several
knobs I6 thereof and manually moving said dial
views in the accompanying drawings I0 indicates
22 against the action of the friction disks until the
my invention which comprises a series of permu
tation locks II, I2 and I3, attached to the hinged
top I4 of abox I5.
desired symbols appear in said spaces 24, Where
upon closing the box the same symbols will show
through the openings 30, 3| and 32. Then, by
As all three of the locks are identically con
structed it will be necessary here to describe one 30 slightly rotating each of said knobs, each of said
disks or tumblers 22 will be caught under the
in detail. Lock Il, for instance, includes an 0p
heads 36 and 31 respectively and the box cannot
erating knob I6, seating on a spacer disk I1, and
be unlocked again until the chosen key symbols
to which is fixed a shaft I8, projecting through a
are brought under said openings 30, 3| and 32.
bore I9 in the top I4. Mounted on the shaft I8
whereupon
said tumblers will be released by said
35
is a series of disks 20, 2|, 22, 23. The disk I1 is
heads 36 and 31 and the box may be opened.
fixed to the top I4. The disk 20 is fixed to the
It is thought that persons skilled in the art to
shaft I8, to turn therewith. The disks 2| and 23
which the invention relates will be able to obtain
are ñxed spacer and friction disks and the disk
a clear understanding of the invention after con
22 seated between said disks 2| and 23 is the
tumbler disk 22 and which is of greater diameter 40 sidering the description in connection with the
drawings. Therefore, a more lengthy description
than the spacer disks and of approximately the
is regarded as unnecessary.
same diameter as that of disk 20, which is a dial
Minor changes in shape, size and rearrange
disk. The disk 22 is provided »with a V-shaped
ment of details and parts such as come within the
cut-out 24 in its peripheral portion 25. All of
said disks are held secure upon the shaft I8, by a 45 purview of the invention claimed may be resorted
» to, in actual practice, if desired.
washer 26. held in place by a pin 21.
Having described my invention, that which I
The disk or tumbler 22 while being frictionally
claim as new is:
held in place to rotate with shaft I8 by the disks
l. The combination of a series of permutation
2| and 23 yet may be manually rotated upon the
shaft for the purpose presently to be explained. 50 locks mounted on a box lid, each- of said locks
being alike in construction, a wall within the
The dial disk 20 has placed around its periph
box, tumbler engaging means mounted on the»
wall, one of said locks consisting of a shank hav
ing a knob fixed on one end, a retainer disk fixed
As there are three of the locks there 55 on the other end, a plurality of disks on the
eral edge on both sides thereof a series of symbols
28 and 29 respectively, a single one of which is
adapted to be made to align with a bore 30 in the
box .top I4.
2,407,362
3
4
shank, one being a tumbler disk frictionally held
' but manually rotatable upon the shank, one of
ing a knob ñxed on one end, a retainer disk ñxed
on the other end, a plurality of disks on the
said disks being a symbol dial, said lid having
bores through which certain of the symbols are
exposed, said dial-disk having identical correla
shank, one being a tumbler disk frictionally held
but manually rotatable upon the shank, one of
said disks being a symbol dial, said lid having
tive symbols on each side thereof, said tumbler
bores through which certain of the symbols are
having a peripheral gap adapted to pass over said
exposed, said dial-disk having identical correla
tive symbols on each side thereof.
4. The combination of a series of permutation
locks mounted on a box lid, each of said locks
being alike in construction, a Wall Within the
box, tumbler engaging means mounted on the
Wall, one of said locks consisting of a shank hav
tumbler engaging means and through which one
at a time of said symbols may be exposed, said
dial and tumbler being of a common diameter.
2. The combination of a series of permutation
locks mounted on a box lid, each of said locks
being alike in construction, a Wall within the
box, tumbler engaging means mounted on the
Wall, one of said locks consisting of a shank hav
ing a knob fixed on one end, a retainer disk fixed
on the other end, a plurality of disks on the shank,
one being a tumbler disk frictionally held but
manually rotatable upon the shank, one of said
ing a knob ñxed on one end, a retainer disk
ñxed on the other end, a plurality of disks on
the shank, one being a tumbler disk frictionally
held but manually rotatable upon the shank, one
of said disks being a symbol dial, said lid having
bores through which certain of the symbols are
disks being a symbol dial, said lid having bores 20 exposed.
through which certain of the symbols are ex
posed, said dial-disk having identical correla~
tive symbols on each side thereof, said tumbler
5. The combination of a series of permutation
locks mounted on a box lid, each of said locks
being alike in construction, a wall within the
box, tumbler engaging means mounted on the
said tumbler engaging means and through which 25 Wall, one of said locks consisting of a shank hav
one at a time of said symbols may be exposed.
ing a knob íixed on one end, a retainer disk
3. The combination of a series of permutation
fixed on the other end, a plurality of disks on
locks mounted on a box lid, each of said locks
the shank, one being a tumbler disk frictionally
being alike in construction, a wall within the
held but manually rotatable upon the shank.
box, tumbler engaging means mounted on the 30
Wall, one of said locks consisting of a shank hav
HENRY WINTERFELD.
having a peripheral gap adapted to pass over
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