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Патент USA US2407413

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4 Sept. 10, 1946.
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2,407,411
MENU SELECTOR AND RECORDER
Filed May 25, 1944
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INVENTOR.
BY
FRANK L. Falls
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Sept 10, 1946.
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F. L. FOLIS
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' MENU SELECTOR AND RECORDER
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INVENTOR.
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Sept. 10, 19.46.
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MENU SELECTOR AND RECORDER
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Filed May 25, 1944
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INVENTOR.
Patented Sept. 10, 1946
2,407,411
UNITED STATES PATENT
OFFICE
2,407,411
MENU SELECTOR AND RECORDER
Frank L. Folis, Memphis, Tenn.
Application May 25, 1944., Serial No. 537,341
4 Claims.
1
(Cl. 177-—339)
2
.
This invention relates to mechanisms for cafes,
restaurants, or the like, through which the cus
on which the selections made may be set up
for individual transmission; and
To provide suitable mechanism through which
operation of a tabulating and printing mech
anism, preferably of well known type, may be
effected by remote control from such stations.
tomers or patrons may indicate on a recording
mechanism, in the serving room or kitchen where
the order is to be ?lled, the choice or choices
which they have made from a menu, and the
table at which the order was given and to which
it is to be delivered.
The means by which these objects are‘ accom
plished, and the manner of their accomplish
ment, will readily be understood from the follow
At the present time in cafes and the like, the
patron gives his order to a waiter who, mentally
or in writing, makes a note of the order and
turns the same in orally, or otherwise, to the
kitchen or serving room where the order is ?lled
for subsequent delivery to the customer. The or
der is often incorrectly noted by the waiter, or 1.)
perhaps incorrectly given by the customer, in
ing speci?cation upon reference to the accom
panying drawings, in which:
Fig. 1 is a front elevation of the selector mech
anism.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of a typical form of
tabulating mechanism having banks of keys which
may be individually depressed to set up desired
either event causing dissatisfaction and dispute,
numbers, and be subsequently actuated in usual
but whether this be true or not, much time of
the Waiter is consumed while the customer makes
manner to print on a tape the numbers so set
his selection, and in many cases vdawdles over the ~‘
order.
‘The present invention contemplates the selec
tion and indication by the patrons at the various
tables or stations of the orders which they wish
to place and the recording .of these orders on
suitable printing mechanisms in the serving room
or kitchen where the order is to be ?lled.
In carrying this out, selector mechanisms are
provided, one for each of the tables respectively,
at which the orders are to originate. These se
lect-ors are connected by individual electric cir
cuits to a recording and printing mechanism in
the serving room. Each of the selectors carries
a number identifying the station at which it is
placed, and at each use of the selector this num
her is recorded on the printing mechanism. The
patron operates the selector to set up ‘herein
the number of the item on the menu card which
he desires, and having set up his selection com
up and release the keys, and showing in con
nection therewith key-depressing devices through
which the depression of the keys of the tabulator
is accomplished.
Fig. 3 is a plan of the key-board of the record
ing mechanism, or tabulator, with the depressing
. mechanisms in place, the tabulator shown having
eight banks of keys, four banks only of which
are ‘used in the present mechanism.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary section of a paper tape
on which the tabulating mechanism has printed
a selected menu number and the booth or table
number from which the order was sent in, the
tape showing a single order of menu item H! from
table or booth 58.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary portion of a menu card
showing items on the menu, and their numbers,
for order purposes, and the price of the item
corresponding.
Fig. 6 is a sectional elevation taken on the
pletes the giving of the order by closing the elec
center line of the selector mechanism, being the
line VI—-VI of Fig. 7; and
tric circuits to the recording mechanism which
prints the number of the order given and the
number of the station from which the order was
VII—-VII of Fig. 6.
sent, the order being subsequently ?lled from the
printed memorandum thus made and the delivery A
of the order to the table manually effected.
The objects of the invention are:
To provide means through which the patron at
a table may select and indicate at a remote point
the order which he desires ?lled, and mechanism I
at such remote point which will print the selec
tion made and the station at which such selec
tion originated and to which it is to be deliv
ered;
To provide suitable mechanisms for the tables
Fig. '7 a sectional plan taken on the line
Fig. 8 is an enlarged fragmentary sectional ele
vation taken on the line VIII-VIII of Fig. 6,
and showing selector ?ngers set up.
Fig. 9 a corresponding enlarged fragmentary
plan of the selector ?nger set up, taken on the
line IX—IX of Fig. 8.
Fig. 10 is a View showing in plan a major
part of the rim of a selector dial, the remainder
of the dial being broken away to show the selec
tor disc in plan, and the underlying fingers, the
view also showing diagrammatically the circuits
from the dial and the ?ngers to the tabulating
and recording mechanism, the dial selected for
2,407,411
U
spaced along the sleeve and insulated the one
from the others by dielectric collars I45, I M.
The ?ngers are resilient and have upwardly pro
illustration being that for table number 58 and
the item selected from the menu being number
i9.
Fig. 11 is a similar diagrammatic view showing
a plurality of the operating circuits, discs for
these tables being shown.
Referring now to the drawings in which the
various parts are indicated by numerals:
The selector includes a base III of circular
form, having a cover II 3. also circular in form,
which cooperates with the base to establish a
jecting contact points
I69 adapted to pass
through the holes, or slots, as the case may be,
into contact with the overlying dial H5, and
being urged toward such contact as by a support
I5I.
Also disposed in the casing is a post I53 of
'i dielectric material, which carries three resilient
metal tongues I55, I51 and I59, the upper of
casing in which the mechanism of the selector
is housed, the casing being preferably of dielectric
material. I I4 is a signal light.
The mechanism comprises a selector dial II5
which is concentric with and rigidly secured to
a quill shaft II‘I journalled in the cover II3
of the casing, the upper end of the shaft being
suitably secured to a knob II9 which may be
manually turned and which when turned cor 20
respondingly turns the dial, the knob II9 resting
on the top of the cover H3 and supporting the
dial.
The edge of the dial is provided with notches
II5A which are numbered consecutively from 1 25
these tongues I55 extending into underlying re_
lation with the plunger I21, being depressible
thereby, and preferably resiliently supporting the
plunger and restoring it to initial position after
such depression. The outer ends of the tongues
I51 and I59 are connected to the tongue £55
by a spacing member IGI of dielectric material
for concurrent depression when the arm I55 is
depressed. The post I53 also carries an addi
tional set of tongues I55A, I51A and I59A re
spectively underlying the tongues 555, I5‘! and
I59, both sets of tongues carrying contact points
for effecting circuit closures, the tongues I55,
I55A establishing when closed a ?rst circuit, here
upward, in the present instance there being
seventy-two of these notches consecutively num
bered to such number.
inafter called a control circuit, the tongues I51,
lying respectively the concentric slots I35.
The ?ngers I31, I39 are preferably carried by
mentary contacts I'I5B, I'I5C, and lead I'I5D, to
I5'IA, a second or menu circuit and the tongues
I59, I59A a third or table circuit.
The recording or tabulating mechanism com
The casing carries a bracket IZI in which is
mounted a spring-pressed detent I23 which suc 30 prises a well known type of tabulating machine
having keys which are depressible and an elec
cessively engages the notches and holds the dial
trically actuatable mechanism for operating the
from time to time during shift. The casing
tabulator to print on a tape, numbers set up by
cover is provided with a suitable hole or open
the depression of the keys.
ing I25 through which the numbers on the dial
In Figs. 2 and 3, IBI is the casing of a machine
are successively visible, in the present illustra
having keys I53 in banks of 1 to 9, which are
tions, the number I9 being in register with this
depresible to set up the numbers to be printed,
opening, indicating that item I9 on the menu
the machine shown having eight such banks, of
card has been selected.
which four only are used. The mechanism also
Disposed through the knob H9 and the quill
shaft II ‘I is a depressible plunger I2'I, preferably hi: has a trip device I65 which may be electrically
operated, to cause the numbers set up by key de
having a button I29 on its upper end, which but
pression, to be printed and to release the keys,
ton and plunger may be depressed after proper
such mechanisms being of well known type and in
selection has been made to actuate certain elec
general use.
trical circuits, hereinafter to be described.
Mounted on the tabulator I6I are frames I61
The dial H5 and the quill shaft II‘! are of
and
I69 which respectively carry groups of sole
metal, the plunger I21 preferably being of di
noids which overlie banks of keys of the tabula
electric material. Underlying the dial and rigidly
tor. In the present instance the frame I61 car
secured thereto is a disc I3I of dielectric ma
ries two groups of the solenoids I6'IA, IG'IB, re
terial, this disc having holes I33A, I33B, I330,
spectively overlying banks of the keys of the tabu
etc., in groups of nine therethrough, all of the
lator in ten and unit relation, and the frame I69
holes I33A lying in a path concentric with the
likewise two groups I69A, IS9B, in similar rela
center of the disc and the holes I33B, I330,
tion with an additional two banks of keys. Each
etc., being arranged in similar paths. Each re
of the solenoids respectively has its plunger, as
spectively of the holes designated by the letters
the plunger I63, connected through a rod I68A
A also lies on a radial line through a unit digit
and compression spring I683 into depressing con
1, and of the B, C, etc., respectively of the num
tact will a key, as the key IB3A.
bers designating the notches on the dial.
Each selector mechanism is connected to the
The disc is additionally provided with slots
recording mechanism by three electric circuits,
I35A, I35B, etc., which are also concentric with
herein designated respectively as the control cir
the disc, these slots respectively embracing arou
cuit, the menu circuit, and the table circuit, which
ate sectors corresponding with the tens of the
are energized from a suitable source of power,
dial numbers, and respectively embracing the
as a power line IlIA, I‘IIB, a typical set of these
numbers 10 through 19; 20 through 29, etc., there
circuits, for table 58 as typical, being diagram
being seven of these concentric slots correspond
’ matically shown in Fig. 10, and the set up for a
ing to the groups of numbers from 10 to '70 in
number of tables in Fig. 11. From one lead I‘IIA
clusive.
of the power line, leads I13, I15 and I'll extend
Underlying the disc I3I are two groups of
respectively to the tongues I55, I51 of the menu,
contact or sensing ?ngers I 31, I 39, the ?ngers
and I59 of the table circuits.
of the group I3‘! respectively underlying the con
centric paths of the unit holes I33A, I33B, etc., 70 To set up the menu circuit, a lead I‘I5A is ex
tended from the tongue I5‘IA through comple
respectively, and the ?ngers I39 similarly under
and through detent I23 to a contact with the
metal dial II5.
I43 of dielectric material, the ?ngers being 75 Underlying the dial and the disc I3I the ?ngers
a horizontal bolt I4I, around which is a sleeve
2,407,411
5
6
I31, for the most part insulated from such dial
by the disc, are respectively connected through
leads I15E to the solenoids ISSA ‘which overlie the
tens ‘bank of keys, and the ?ngers I39 through
leads I151“ to the solenoids ISSB, which overlie
the related unit bank of keys. All of the sole
noids I69A, I693 are connected through joint
return leads I15G, I'I5H to the other lead I1IB
selectors are set up to the key-depressing mecha~
nisms and the tabulator operating mechanism.
When set up and the current is turned on, the
lights H4 on the various selectors at the tables
are all burning. The patron at any table, as the
table 58, selected and used hereinbefore for illus
tration, determines from the menu the number
of the selection on the menu which he desires to
order and turns the dial of his selector until the
of the power line.
The return lead I15H is in circuit through a 10 selected number showsup beneath the window I25
solenoid I19 which has its plunger I19A in abut
ting relation with a resilient arm I89 biased to
in the casing of the selector, the detent I23
centering the number in correct position and
holding the dial against accidental displacement
ward such plunger and overlying the trip device
during subsequent operations. \50 turned, to the
I65 of the tabulator, the solenoid being energized
to depress the arm and operate the trip when 15 number I9, used throughout as an example, the
arcuate slot I35A in the disc [3i is positioned over
the circuit just above described is completed. A.
the ?nger I 31A, permitting that finger to contact
signal light 'I8I in circuit with the return lead
the dial ! I5, and the hole IESJ in the disc is posi
I15H may be provided if desired.
tioned over the ?nger I39J, allowing that ?nger
To set up the table circuit, a lead I'I'IA is eX~
tended from the tongue I 59A, and ‘through branch 20 also to contact the dial.
After the dial is positioned, the patron de
leads H113 and "16‘ to the solenoids I‘81A, I613
presses the button I29 closing the circuits through
over the ?ve and eight keys of ten and unit re
the tongues I59, I559A; I51, I51A; and I55, I55A
lated banks respectively of the tabulator, the cir
respectively, and actuating the various mecha
cuit being respectively completed through the re
nisms controlled by these circuits. Closure of the
turn leads I11D and I11E to the return lead I'I5H,
circuit through the tongues I59, I59A completes
and thence to the power line.
from the table, in the selected instance, table 58,
To set up the control circuit, which is a joint
with the leads I11, I'I'I'A, the parallel leads I15B,
circuit for all the tables, the lead I 13 is continued
I150, and the return leads I11D, I11H, parallel
by a lead I13A from the tongue I55A to a con
circuits to the solenoids respectively overlying the
tact I83, and continues from a complementary >
5 key and the 3 key of the related ten and unit
contact I83A through a lead I13B to a solenoid
banks of keys of the tabulato-r, depressing these
I85, from which a return lead I130 establishes
keys and setting up the number 58 for printing on
the return circuit to the power line lead I1IB.
the tape.
Solenoid I85 and related parts are preferably
Concurrently, contact of the tongues I51, I51A
mounted in a casing I31 disposed in adjacency to 35
completes a lead, including leads I15, I15A, con
or mounted as shown on the side of the tabula
tacts I158, 515C, leads I15 and the detent I23 to
tor IN.
the dial I I5, and through the dial and ?ngers
The plunger I85A of the solenoid carries on
I31A and IESJ completes ‘parallel leads through
its upper end the contact I15B of the menu cir
related ones of the leads I'IEE and H5141 to the
cuits, breaking these circuits when the solenoid
solenoids overlying the unit numbers 1 and 9 keys
is energized, and on its lower end a latch mem
of the second related tens and unit banks of keys
ber 1853, with which a latch I99 engages when
on the tabulator, the circuits being completed
energization occurs, the latch holding the plunger
through joint return leads I'IEG and I'IEH, and
depressed until released. Latch member I SEE
carries a laterally extending arm I9I on which
the contact I83 is mounted. Arm ISI also carries
causing actuation of the solenoids L-O depress the
keys 1 and 9 and set up in thetabulator the
number 19 for printing.
The return leads I‘IEH of these circuits passes
through the solenoid I19 over the depressor key
I {E5 of the tabulator printing and reset mecha~
an additional contact I93 which cooperates with
a complementary contact I93A tomake and break
a joint circuit to the signal lights IIII, this cir
cuit comprising a lead I95 from the power line
nisrn, concurrently energizing the solenoid and
to the contact I93A, a lead !95A from the contact
depressing the key. This action, however, is de
I93 to the lights H4, and a return lead I953 to
layed by the resistance of the resilient armu I80
the power line. Mounted along the side of the
suf?ciently to allow the substantially instantane
solenoid I85 is a dash-pot I91, having a piston
I91A, and piston rod I 9113 which is secured at its
ous actuation of the tabulator keys before action
of the printing mechanism and trip.
lower end to the arm NH and delays the rate of
Concurrently with closure of the just described
movement of the solenoid plunger I35A.
circuits through the tongues I51, I51A; I59, I59A,
Adjacent the latch I89 is an electro-magnet
circuit is completed through the tongues I55, I55A
I99 which cooperates with the latch to release
the solenoid plunger I85A. Magnet I99 is ener 60 and the contacts carried thereby from the power
line through the leads I13, USA, the contacts
gized by a circuit, including leads I99A from the
I83, I83A, the leads H313 and the return lead
power line to a contact I993, carried by an ex
I136 to energize the solenoid I55 and depress the
ttension of the arm I80 beyond the tabulator trip
plunger I85A, and the latching member I 89A
I555, a complementary contact I99C, a lead I991)
therefrom to the magnet, and a return lead I99E 65 thereof, into latching engagement with the latch
I39, and also breaking the circuit through the
from the magnet to the power line, the arm I89
contacts I153, I150, and separating the contacts
normally holding the contact 5993 away from
IE3, IRA; and I93, I?liA; respectively breaking
the contact I99C and interrupting the circuit.
the circuit to the solenoid I85, and the circuit
To set up the system, the tabulator is equipped 70 I95, I95A, I953 through the lights H4 and caus
with the key~depressing mechanisms, one for
ing these lights to go out, indicating to all the
selecting table numbers and the other for select
‘tables that selection is at that instant being made
ing menu numbers. Selectors are disposed one at
each of the tables or stations at which orders are
'at one of the tables.
As the tabulator solenoid I19 completes its
to originate, and electrical circuits from these 75 action the contacts I99B and I99C are closed
2,407,411
7
8
completing the release circuit through leads [99A,
tric current, actuators positioned respectively at
ISQD to the magnet I99 and from this magnet
each of a plurality of stations, each said actuator
including a circuit selector, open circuits ener
through the lead IQSE, retracting the latch (69
and releasing the latch mechanism i853, com
gizable by said source extending respectively each
pleting the operations.
from a said actuator to said tabulator, a ?rst of
I claim:
1. In apparatus of the character described, a
tabulating mechanism having depressible keys
in banks, and electrically actuated printing and
clearing mechanisms, including a depressible key
for initiating actuation thereof; two groups of
solenoids respectively disposed in operative rela
tion above keys of adjacent said banks, and an
additional solenoid overlying said actuating
mechanism key; and control and energizing
means including a source of electric current; ac
tuators positioned respectively at each of a plu
rality of stations, each said actuator including
a circuit selector, open circuits energizable by said
source extending respectively each from a said
actuator to said tabulator, a ?rst of said circuit
including open leads extending in parallel from
said actuator each respectively to a solenoid of
one said group; a second said circuit including a
plurality of leads insulated from said selector and
extending therefrom each respectively to a sole
noid of the second said groups, all said circuits
including a joint return lead through said addi
tional solenoid to said current source, said actua
tors each respectively including means manually 1-1
operable to shift said selector into electrical con
tact with desired leads of said second group, and
manually operable means for closing all said cir
cuits leading therefrom.
>
said circuit including a pair of leads extending in
parallel from said actuator to a pair of solenoids
of one said group; a second said circuit including
a plurality of leads insulated from said selector
and extending therefrom, each respectively to one
of the solenoids of the second said group, both
said circuits including a joint return lead
through said additional solenoid to said current
source; said signal means including lights, re
spectively each mounted on one of said actuators,
a circuit energized by said power source carrying
all of said lights, said circuit including a pair of
separable contacts, a solenoid, carrying means
for separating said contacts on energization of
said solenoid, means latching said contacts in
open position, open leads, in said actuator, in cir
cuit with said solenoid, said leads including con
tacts separable by energization of said solenoid;
means for releasing said solenoid latching means,
including an electric magnet, leads from said
power source to said magnet including normally
separated contacts, one of which contacts is car
ried by said action delaying arm and movable
therewith into closure contact with the other
thereof; said actuators each respectively includ
ing means manually operable to shift said selec
tor into electrical contact with desired leads of
said second group, and manually operable means
for closing all said circuits leading therefrom, in
2. In apparatus of the character described, a
cluding said contacts to said contact separating
tabulating mechanism having depressible keys in
banks, and electrically actuated printing and
clearing mechanisms, including a depressible key
solenoid.
4. In apparatus of the character described, a
for initiating actuation thereof; two groups of so
lenoids respectively disposed in operative rela
tion above keys of adjacent said banks, an addi
tional solenoid overlying said actuating mecha
nism key, and an action delaying arm interposed
between said latter solenoid and key; and con"
trol and energizing means including a source of ‘
electric current; actuators positioned respectively
at each of a plurality of stations, each said actu
ator including a circuit selector, open circuits
tabulating mechanism having depressible keys in
banks, and electrically actuated printing and
clearing mechanisms, including a depressible key
for initiating actuation thereof; two groups of
solenoids respectively disposed in operative rela
tion above keys of adjacent said banks, an addi
tional solenoid overlying said actuating mecha
nism key; and control and energizing means in
cluding a source of electric current; actuators po
sitioned respectively at each of a plurality of sta~
tions, and including a ?rst circuit having leads
energizable by said source extending respective~
extending in parallel therefrom each respectively
ly each from a said actuator to said tabulator, a
to a solenoid of one said group; a second said cir
?rst of saidcircuits including open leads extend
ing in parallel from said actuator each respec»
cuit including a plurality of leads extending fromv
said selector respectively to all the solenoids of
tively to a solenoid of one said group; a second
the second said group, both said circuits including
said circuit including a plurality of leads insu
a joint return lead through said additiona1 sole
lated from said selector and extending there- --' noid to said current sources; said actuators each
from each respectively to a solenoid of the sec
respectively including a selector comprising a
ond said group, all said circuits including a joint
current transmitting dial having a plurality of
return lead through said additional solenoid to
number identi?ed notches peripherally there
said current source, said actuators, each respec
around, a notch engaging detent, a circuit lead
tively, including means manually operable to shift 60 through said detent to said dial, a disc of insu
its said selector into electrical contact with de
lating material underlying said dial and ?ngers,
sired leads of said second group, and manually
corresponding in number to the leads of said
operable means for closing all said circuits.
second circuit, and respectively each connected
3. In apparatus of the character described, a
to a said lead, said ?ngers underlying and being
tabulating mechanism having depressible keys in
biased toward contact with said insulating disc
banks, and electrically actuated printing and
and dial, said disc having openings therethrough
respectively corresponding with numbered
clearing mechanisms including a depressible key
for initiating actuation thereof; two groups of
solenoids respectively disposed in operative rela
tion above keys of adjacent said banks, an addi
notches on said dial through which ?nger con
tact with said dial is established, means manu
ally operable to position said dial to establish de
tional so1enoid overlying said actuating mecha
sired said contacts,
nism key, and an action delaying arm overlying
said latter key; and signal means; and control
and energizing means including a source of elec
means for closing all said circuits.
and manually operable
FRANK L. FOLIS.
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