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Sept. 10, 1946.
J. M. MILHEIZLER'
ENGINE HOUSING FOR LOCOMOTIVES OR THE LIKE
‘Filed March 15, 1944‘
4 Sheets-Sheet '1
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Sept. 10, 1946.
J. M. MILHEIZLER.
2,407,506 _
ENGINE HOUSING FOR' LOCOMOTIVES OR THE LIKE
Filed March 15, 1944 _
4 Sheets-Sheet, 2
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vINVENTOR
JosephMkW/he/z/er
Sept. 10, '194e.i
‘J. M. MILHE‘HZLER
'
2,4075%
ENGINE. HOUSING FOR LOCOMOTIVES on. THE LIKE
Filed March 15, 1944
v4 Sheets-Sheet 3
2,407,506
Patented Sept. 10, 1946
'1 ‘UNITED ‘ STATES PATENT omen
' ENGINE HOUSING FOR LOCOMOTIVES I
OR THE LIKE
Joseph M. Milheizler, Pittsburgh, Pa., assignor to
H. K. Porter Company, Inc., Pittsburgh, Pa., a
corporation of Pennsylvania ‘
ApplicationiMarch- 15, 1944, Serial No. 526,633
2 Claims. (01. 105—62)
Figure 6 is a transverse section therethrough
‘taken along the plane of line VI-—VI of Figure 5;
Figure '7 is a partial sectionlthrough one side
of the housing, taken along the planeof line
This invention relates to a. housing for the
engine of a locomotive, particularly a locomotive
driven by an internal-combustion engine, either
directly or through an electric‘ generator and
VII-—VII of Figure
motor.
‘
v
.
'
1;
' ,
>
.
v
,
Figure 8 is a partial section through the roof
Locomotives driven by internal-combustion en
gines have come into extensive use, particularly
taken along the plane of line'VIII—VIII of Fig—
around industrial plants and for yard service on
Theenclosure heretofore provided for
railroads.
ure
1;
,
,
Figure 9 is a plan view of a portion of the
the engine or power plant for such locomotives =10 roof, to enlarged scale, showing one of the venti
v l-ating ports and its cover;
has been a more or less make-shift structure,
Figurev 10 is a longitudinal section taken along
largely an [adaptation of a conventional auto
mobile hood.
the plane of line X--X of Figure 9;
It is the object of my invention to
of
cooling Iair
>
portion of 'one side of the , front-end closure,
motives or the like, so constructedas to provide
complete accessibility to the engine as well as
free v- circulation
.,
Figure 11 is .a partial section through the lower
provide an: improved engine housing for 1000
taken along the line of plane XL-XI of Figure 1;
therethrough. I -
Further objects of the invention are toprovide
and
.
'
_
r
t
.
‘
Figure 12 is a partial section througha head
‘light supportingring, taken; along the planeof
a housing having a good appearance and ample .
.
strength and rigidity to withstand the relatively 20 line XII-XII of .Figurei3. '3. drawings,
my engine
Referring in detail to the
rough service to which rolling stock is usually
housing indicated generally at It] includes a frame
subjected. Another object is the provision of an
engine housing'of simple construction which may
made up of spaced bottom rails or sills H . and '
housing comprises a frame composed principally
of spaced bottom rails, front and rear posts
standing thereon and top rails carried by the
rear arch members I 9 and 20 are supported on
the rails‘ H and l-8. The rails H and [2 are
12', front posts‘ [3 and» I4. and rear posts 15 and
be produced at relatively-low cost.
_
' In a preferred embodiment, my novel engine 25 I6, upstanding thereon. The front and rear posts
support top rails or beams I'I'and l8. Front and
posts. Front and rear archmembers carried by y.
composed of ?anged plates having angle bars 2|
roof panel has ventilating ports provided with
bars welded to ?anged side panels l3a and: Ma
the top rails support a roof composed of a center ‘30 welded to the lower edge thereof. Angle bars 22
are welded to the ?ange of the rails which is
‘panel and downwardly curving side panels hinged
disposed uppermost. The posts l3 and M are flat
at their lower edges to the top rails. The center
covers pivoted ' thereon and carries operating,
means common to the several covers.
Doors
as shown in Figure 4.
The posts l5 and I6 are
35 similar in construction to the rails II and I2,
hinged to the posts and additional doors slidable
on the rails constitute substantially the entire
side walls of the housing. A- front-end closure
is secured to the front posts and’ constitutes a
having angle bars 23 welded to the-rear edge
to constitute a grille-bar when the vanes are in '
a ?oor or deck of a locomotive adjacent the oper
thereof. The rails I‘! and 18 are similar to the
rails H and I2 except that they have ?anges at
bothedges and have angle bars 24 welded to
continuation of the sides and roof. I The front-y 40 the lower ?ange thereof. The arch member I9
is av?at bar and the member 20 an angle, both
end closure is provided with’ a window‘for admit
of which are bentto appropriate shape as shown
ting cooling air. A plurality of shutter vanes are
' in Figures 3 and 7.
pivotally mounted inside the window for control—
The-housing I0 is adapted to be installed on
ling the air and each vane has one edge shaped :
ator’s cab. To this end, the angle bars 2| at the
lower edges of the bottom rails I i and I2 may be
welded to the deck plate the upper surface of
open
Theposition.
novel features and advantages
.
.
of the in~
'vention may be more clearly understood from a
._ti0n
consideration
referring'to
of the
the following-detailed
accompanying drawings
descrip~
il
lustrating a preferred embodiment. In the draw
ings,
.
'
'
V
'
which is designated by the chain line'25 in Fig
ure 1.
.
Figure 1 is a side elevation of an engine hous
ing according to my invention;
' '
n
sides formed substantially exclusively by doors
>
21, 28, 29, 30, a roof including a center panel 3!,
and side panels Y32 and 33 curving downwardly
Figure 2 is a plan view thereof;
' Figure 3 is a front’elevation;
'
' I,
Figure .4 is a partial sectional view taken along
the line IV-IV of Figure 1;
'
"
Figure 5_is a rear elevation of the shutterl'vanes ‘ .
and their'supporting frame;
'
'
Similarly, the angle bars 23 and the arch I
member 20 may be welded to the cab wall, the
outer surface of which is designated by chain line
26 in Figure 1. The frame described above has
Y60
‘therefrom, and a front-end closure-34 which con
stitutes a ‘rounded continuation of the sides = and
roof. The center panel -3l has down-turned
?anges Welded to angle bars 35 and 36 extending
2,407,506
3
4
longitudinally of the housing between the arch
members l9 and 29. The flanges ofthe panel 3!
lower edges hinged to the upper rails I’! and 18
by hinges 62 similar to the hinges 48. The upper
edges of the panels are secured to the angle bars
35 and 36 by bolts 63. On removing these bolts,
are provided with louvers 3la spaced along the
length thereof. The panel 3i also has a plural
ity of ventilating ports 3'! spaced therealong
each of ‘which is provided with a cover 38 hav
the panels may be swung outwardly, leaving the
greater portion of the roof open to admit light
to the interior of the housing or provide access
thereto from above.
The front end closure 34 is preferably in the
ing clips 39 pivotally engaging the forward edge
of the port. Lug-5 4d are welded to the covers 38
and lugs M are welded to the lower surface of
the panel adjacent the forward edges of ‘the 10 form of a rounded shell which constitutes a one
ports. Tension springs 42 secured to the lugs
piece continuation of the sides and roof. The
normally hold the covers closed. A rock shaft
closure has a raised portion 64 corresponding to
43 journaled in bearings 44 secured to the lower
the center panel 3! on the roof which merges
surface of the panel 3| has cams 45 thereon bear
into the front thereof as shown in Figure 1. A
ing on the lower surface of the covers 38. A lever
headlight supporting ring 65 is welded in this
46 secured to the shaft it permits it to be ro
raised portion and is adapted to receive a head
tated manually wherebythe cams d5 cause the
light 66. A rail 61 similar to the bottom side
covers 38 to be tilted upwardly about. their for
rails II and i2 extends around the bottom of
ward edges. This permits egress of cooling air
the closure.‘ The front-end closure is secured
admitted to the housing through a window in 20 to the remainder of the housing by bolting to
the front-end closure to be .described shortly.
the posts !3 and I4 and angle bars 2! so that it
The doors 2‘! and 30 are ?anged panels hav
may readily be removed, if desired.
ing ventilating louvers 41, the doors 2'! bein
A window 68 is formed centrally in the front
hinged to the side panels [3a and Ma and the
of the closure below the headlight 56. Just be
doors 39 being hinged to rear posts it and it.
hind the opening is positioned a frame 69 having
The hinges, indicated at 48, are of the concealed
a plurality of shutter vanes l'? pivoted thereto.
type including a U-shaped strap 49 welded to
The frame 69 is composed of angle bars welded
one ?ange of the door and having lugs 55 coop
together. The vanes 19 are composed of heavy
erating with lugs 5i secured‘ to theposts and
gauge sheet having one edge ?anged as shown in
adapted to receive a pin 52 as shown in Figure 4.
Figure 5. Pivot pins ‘H and ‘F2 welded to oppo—
The ?anges of they panels Kid and Ma and the
site ends of the vanes pass through holes in the
posts !5 and it are cut out as at 5-3 to permit the
upper and lower members of the frame 69. The
doors 2? and 38 to be opened wide.
.
.
Thedoors 2'! and 39 are provided with loci§~
ing levers 54 actuated by handles 55. and adapt
35
edThe
to engage
doors behind
28 and the
29 edges
are generally
of doors 28
similar
and to
the doors 2'! and 30 but‘, instead of being hinged,
are arranged for sliding movement. Each of the
doors 23 and 29 has a pair of guide and bearing
edges of the vanes remote from their pivot pins
have lugs '53 pivoted to a control bar M. The
side members of the frame'éiii are notched at 15
to permit suf?cient movement of the bar 14 to
turn the shutter vanes to closed position as
shown in chain lines in'Figure 6. The exterior
appearance of the vanes when in closed position
is as shown inFigure 3.
blocks 5t‘ welded inside the lower ?ange thereof,
When the vanes are
in open position as shown in Figure 6, the flanged
edges thereof present the appearance of grille
bars. By this construction, I eliminate the usual
grille for protecting the radiator installed behind
and a pair of guide blocks 5'17 welded inside the
upper ?ange. The blocks 55 and 51 have slots
adapted to receive the vertical ?anges of the angle
bars 22 and ‘24. Each block‘55 also has a bear 45 the shutter vanes since the latter are made of
ing ball 58 positioned in a hole 5g drilled through ' ' metal of sufiiciently heavy gauge to make them
the block and the lower ?ange of ‘the door. A
strong enough to serve effectively as a protective
spring 69 is disposed behind the ball 58 and a
grille.’ Any suitable mechanism may be provided
plug 6! is threaded into the hole to hold the
for operating the bar 14 from the cab to adjust
spring and ball in place. Each block 55 also has 50 the shutter vanes aswmay be desired to maintain
a thumb screw 56a threaded into a hole extend“ '
the proper temperature of the water in the cool
ing fromthe inner side thereof, the screw being
ing system of the engine.
adapted to engage the vertical ?ange of the angle
It will be apparent from the foregoing descrip
bar 32 to clamp the door in position. When’ the
tion and explanation that my invention provides
screws '62 have been released, the doors 25 and 55 a housing for the engine or power plant of a
29 may be slid freely along the angle bars 22
24 which serve as guide rails therefor.
‘
locomotive driven by an internal combustion en
gine, having numerous advantages over the en
gine enclosures previously provided on such-loco
motives. My housing has an attractive appear
ance and is sturdily constructed so as to with
stand the shock and vibration incident to the
operation of a locomotive. In addition, the com
From the above description, it will be appar
ent that the sides of the housing ‘H3 are uncle;
structed between the panels l3a and Ma and the
rear posts l5 and l 6. As a result, when the doors
2‘! and 32) are open, the doors 28' and 2S, respec
tively, may be slid along the rails to the positions
bination of hinged and sliding doors forming sub
occupied by the doors 2'! and '38 when closed.
stantially the entire sides of the housing and the
Alternatively, both the doors 28 and 29 may be 65 hinged roof panels provides easy access to any‘
slid forwardly or rearwardly. It‘will be evident
part of the engine or power plant requiring at
that this arrangement provides ready access to
tention. The entire construction, nevertheless,
any point of the engine or power plant‘ within
is relatively simple, being composed almost en~
the housing. At the same time, the location of
tirely of plate and standard structural members
the hinged doors 2'! and 30 at the extreme front
so that it can be readily fabricated at relatively
and rear of the sides, leaves them in out-of-the 70 low cost. Ample provision is made for the circu
way positions when open as compared, for ex
lation of cooling air throughthe housing, as well
ample, to a construction in which all doors are
as the control thereof in accordance with atmos
hinged to vertical supporting posts.
The side panels 32 and 33 0f the roof have ‘their 75 pheric temperatures existing from time to time.
Although I have illustrated and. described but
2,407,506
6
5
a preferred embodiment of my housing, it will be I 7 top’ railsv and a vfront end closure secured to the
front arch member and the front posts, said
recognized that changes in the details or ar
closure forming a continuation of said panels.
rangement thereof may be made without depart
2. 'An engine housing for locomotives or the
ing from the spirit of the invention or the scope
of the appended claims.
Iclaim:
'
1. An engine housing for locomotives or the
like comprising spaced bottom rails, front and
rear posts extending upwardly from said rails,
like comprising’ spaced bottom rails, front and
rear posts extending upwardly from said rails,
upper rails supported on said posts, a roof carried
on said upper rails, and front and rear arch
members extending between said upper'r'ails, said
upper rails supported on said posts, a roof car 10 roof being supported on said archymembers and
including a. center panel and a downwardly curve
ried on said upper rails, front and rear arch'
members extending between said upper rails, said
roof being supported on said arch members and
including a pair of downwardly curving side pan”- ,
els each hinged at its lower edge to one of said 15
ing side panel on each side of the center panel,
said side panels being hinged at their lower edges
to said upper rails, respectively.
'
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'
,
JOSEPH M. MI-LHEIZLER.
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