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Sept. 10, 1946.
v. wlLLouGl-lBY-
Filed June 6, 1945
, í____________
Patented sept. 1o, 1946
Victor Willoughby, ' Concord,V N- YH., assignor v to ’
American CarA and Foundry ' Company, ’."New
York, N. Y.; a corporation of New Jersey
Application June. `f5, 194.5, Serial No- 597,900
s Claims. (o1. ,10s-409) 1
This invention relates in general to side plate
constructions and in particular to such side -plate
constructions adapted for sub-assembly work in
wallcarried or inner .member of the side plate is
of W cross section, having a depending flange 8
interposed »between the posts and side sheets and
being Welded tothe side posts. The upper edge
of rñange amergves into a horizontal web portion
the construction of freight cars.
For a number of years freight cars were built
with a single side plate and were assembled piece
Ill which
Welded to the posts and this in turn
merges into a vertical We-b portion l2 terminating
assembly work cars could be built much faster
in an inwardly .directed upper flange I4. This
and with greater ease. The tendency, however,
flange f I4 maybe either- horizontal, that is, paral
was to still utilize a Single side plate or a single 10 lel to web` portion vlll or? as shown, it is inclined
side plate made up of several parts which'had to
slightly so as to be in aplane. parallel to the un
be fastened together and then attached either to
der surface of the carlines. This W shaped inner
the side or to the roof. This type of construction,
plate member or side wall carried member will be
by piece. Later it was discovered that by sub
while permitting sub-assembly work, required ex
pensive lifting beams and handling members for
either the roof or the sides since one of these
would be too ñexible to be handled b_y itself. It
is an object, therefore, of the present invention
attached to the side wall vsub-.assembly and stifîen
the same so thatY theeside wall may be> readily
transported „from its sub-assembly point to the
ñnal assembly À_point where the car will be .com
to provide a two-part side plate so arranged that
The roof is preferably made up of a plurality of
one part can be attached to thereof and the otherA 20 nat sheets Z0 and .pressed sheets 22 which may be
to the side in sub-assemblies. ~
A further object of the invention is the provi
Y sion of a side plate made up of at least two parts
andy arranged to accommodate therebetween the
termed as carline Vforming roof sheets. These
carline forming roof sheets are of general ñanged
channel crossesection .having the web forming
part of the roofA and the flanges 24 directed down
25 wardly at the proper carline spacing and termi
A still'further object of the >invention is the
nating in outwardly directed reñanged portions
provision of a side plate so arranged that the car
26, -These carline forming _roofsheets will be
line ends may -be interposed `between parts of the
with the flat sheets v2i!P which latter
side plate and tie the side plate >parts together.
overlap andere :spot welded or otherwise at
lAryet further object of the invention is the 30 tached as. at 23/f-tothe flat web portions of the
provision of a side plate construction having the
parlino.. forming-«roof sheets. The vertically dl
parts -so arranged as to permit carlines of consid
reotedhanses “ofthe carline forming roof sheets
erable depth to be attached thereto.
areV spot weldedtor otherwiseattached as at 21
These and other objects of the invention will
to the @vertical ,ñahge 28 of .angIe vshaped .car
Side Wall sheets and carlines.
be apparent to persons skilled in the art from a 35 line members, Yhavlnga horizontal flange 30 lo
studyof the following description and accom
panyingdrawing, in which:
Fig. 1 is a sectional View through the roof and
side wall of a freight car;
cated substantially parallel to the reflange 26.
The angularly shaped carlines _are more or less
of constant depth, but for. the end portions of ver
tical flanges 28 .cut at an angle corresponding to
Fig. 2 is a sectional view-taken through the roof 40 the slopeojfthe. roof but still >leaving consider
andsubstantially on line 2,-2 of Fig. 1;
able depth ofL vertîcalnangeat their ends. The
~ Fig. 3 is an elevational view of theimproved
construction, and
Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken substantially on
line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Referring now to the drawing in detail, it will be
seen »that the'upper Ypart of..V the side wall Wand
the outer edge of the roof R are illustrated. It is,
sideedges «of Athe .roof .have `attached thereto as
by spot Welding. 32 a curved outer plate forming
member. This plate forming member has ¿the
45 central portion 3.4Y .curved on >an arc substantially
concentric With .the point of. juncture of webs IIJ
and l2 of tlieínner plate member and this curved
portion terminates in tangential portions 36 and
of course, understood that the car is symmetrical,>
38, the tangential portionv 36 being attached to the
that is, with the roof wall extending from side 60 edge of the roof sheets by welding, as previously
Wall ton sidewall to: complete the closure of the
referred t0,- and the Atangential portion 38 being
car body. As clearly shown, the side wall of the
attached to the side Walls by means of rivets 40.
car includes side posts 2 of Z formation, to the
The ends of the carlines are overlapped by the
outer flange of which are attached side sheets 4,
tangential portion 36 to which they are attached
while the inner flanges carry lining 6. The side 55 by welding as at 42. In order that the roof sheets
may overlap the tangential portion 3S it is nec
essary for the reflanges 25 and flange 24 of the
carline forming roof sheets to be clipped as at
lill (Fig. l). The roof made up of the flat roof
posts, an inner side plate member having a down
wardly extending flange overlapping the upper
ends of the side posts and an inwardly extending
flange located in spaced relationship thereto, an
outer side plate member having a downwardly
directed edge overlapping and secured to said
curved outer plate forming member can be all
‘downwardly directed flange and an inner edge
securedrtogether in a sub-assembly which will be
located in upwardly spaced relation to said in
quite rigid since the sheets will be stiffened by
wardly directed flange, roof sheets secured to said
their flanges, by the carlines and by the curved
inner edge, and carlines secured to said roof sheets
plate forming member. Such a structure is suf
and to said inner edge and inner flange, said car
ficiently stiff to permit transportation from the
having their ends interposed between and
sub-assembly point to the ñnal assembly point'„atv
joining said inner vedge and inner flange of the
which point it can be lowered onto the side walls
side plate members. '
and riveted thereto. After‘the roof has been low
'4.,A railway" car construction comprising side
ered into position and attached to, theside walls
posts, an inner'side plate of W cross-section hav
by means of the rivets 451, the horizontal flanges
ing 'a downwardly directed flange and a web se
Si) of the carlines are attached to the inner edges>
cured to the upper ends of the side posts and also
of the flanges la of the W shaped inner _plate
an upstanding web and an inwardly di
forming member. Thus it will be seen thatthe
carline resting upon flanges i4 will hold the roof 20 rected flange located in- planes substantially par
allel respectively to said downwardly directed
while rivets d@ are being driven and that after-the
flange and first named web, an outer side plate of
flanges is are welded to the carline flanges 30,
curved cross-section terminating in tangential
the carlines brace and connect the inner edges of
edge portions the outer cf which overlaps and is
the plate forming members to form in effect an
secured to lsaid downwardly directed flange and
`open sided box member with the open sides braced
the inner of which is located in upwardly spaced
by the carline ends. Such a construction gives a
relationship to said inwardly directed flange, and
very good support for the carline ends since they
carlines having their ends resting upon and se
rest directly on the flange i4 of the inner plate
cured to said inwardly directed ñange and under
’forming member. As shown in Fig. 1, a ceiling 50
lapping and secured to the inner edge portion of
may be attached to the carlines by means of bolts 30
said curved outer side plate.
or other securing devices 52 extending through
' 5. A railway car construction comprising in
the ceiling and throughthe flanges 3D and 2t. In
part, an inner side plate member having an in
vcertain constructions it-»rnay be desirable to elim
wardlydirected flange adapted to directly sup
inate the ceiling, in which case it may be advisable
port -a carline end and a downwardly directed
to utilize small plates‘or other means sealing the "
flange adapted to be overlapped by the upper
space between flange I4 and tangential portion 36.
sheets, carline forming roof sheets, carlines and
edges ofl the car vside sheets, and an outer side
'lî-iowever, this sealing may be effected by extend
ing the lining t upwardly to contact the tangen
tial portion 36.
platehaving oneedge portion adapted to overlap
the upper edges of the side sheets and another
edge portion adapted to overlap and be secured
While the construction has been shown more or
less in detail with speciñc reference to the draw
to the ends of the carlines.
What is claimed is:
tion having a downwardly directed flange and an
inwardly <directed flange, an outer side plate of
curvedl cross-'section having edge portions ar
ranged in spaced substantially parallel relation-_
ship to said ñanges, carlines, and side sheets, said
carlines and 'side sheets being interposed between
said flanges and edge portions and spacing-the
6.~A railway car construction comprising lin
part, an inner side plate member of W cross-sec
ing, it will be obvious to persons skilled inthe art
that various-modiñcations and rearrangements of
parts may be made without departing from the
_scope of the-invention as defined by the following
‘ 1_. A railway car construction comprising side
posts, an inner side plate member secured to the
upper ends of the side posts, roof sheets, an outer .
side plate member having its inner edge secured
' 7. A side plate construction for railway cars
to the edges of the roof sheets and its outer edge
comprising an inner side plate member, an outer
secured tothe outer edge of the inner side plate
side plate member, means joining said members
member, and carlines secured to the roof sheets
_adjacent their outer edges, land -spaced
and having their outer ends interposed between 55 together
apart carlines having their ends interposed be
and'joining the inner edges of said inner and
tween and attached to said members thereby con
outer side plate members.
necting and bracing the inneredges of the mem
" 2,. A
flanged side posts; an _inner side plate member
secured to the upper ends of the side posts, side
sheets secured to the flanges of the side posts and
to the outer edge of saidl inner side plate member,
roof sheets, an outer. side plate member _having
bers at spaced points.
its inner edge secured to the edges of theroof d'
sheets and its outerfedge overlapping and secured
to the side sheets and innerside' plate member,
and' carlines securedto the roof sheets and hav-_
ing their outer ends interposed between and join
ing the inner edges of said inner and> outerrside 70.
plate members.
3. A railway car construction comprising side-
8. A sideplate construction for railway cars
comprising an> innerside plate member of W
cross-section, an outer side plate member of gen
erally curved crossfsection, means joining said
members together adjacent theirouter and »lower
edges,_means connecting the upperinner edges of
said memberstoge'ther in spaced relationship to
therebyform an _open sided box section side plate'
with’the open side braced Vby said last named
’ _ 'vieronv wnLoUGHBY; ~'
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