Sept. 10, 1946. v. wlLLouGl-lBY- 2,407,523 SIDE PLATE CONSTRUCTIÓN FOR FREIGHT CARS Filed June 6, 1945 '459754722 ln. , í____________ g. MI INVENTOR Patented sept. 1o, 1946 2,407,523 v‘UNlTlazliJ »STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,407,523 Victor Willoughby, ' Concord,V N- YH., assignor v to ’ American CarA and Foundry ' Company, ’."New York, N. Y.; a corporation of New Jersey Y Application June. `f5, 194.5, Serial No- 597,900 s Claims. (o1. ,10s-409) 1 This invention relates in general to side plate constructions and in particular to such side -plate constructions adapted for sub-assembly work in wallcarried or inner .member of the side plate is of W cross section, having a depending flange 8 interposed »between the posts and side sheets and being Welded tothe side posts. The upper edge of rñange amergves into a horizontal web portion the construction of freight cars. For a number of years freight cars were built with a single side plate and were assembled piece Ill which Welded to the posts and this in turn merges into a vertical We-b portion l2 terminating assembly work cars could be built much faster in an inwardly .directed upper flange I4. This and with greater ease. The tendency, however, flange f I4 maybe either- horizontal, that is, paral was to still utilize a Single side plate or a single 10 lel to web` portion vlll or? as shown, it is inclined side plate made up of several parts which'had to slightly so as to be in aplane. parallel to the un be fastened together and then attached either to der surface of the carlines. This W shaped inner the side or to the roof. This type of construction, plate member or side wall carried member will be by piece. Later it was discovered that by sub while permitting sub-assembly work, required ex pensive lifting beams and handling members for either the roof or the sides since one of these would be too ñexible to be handled b_y itself. It is an object, therefore, of the present invention 15 attached to the side wall vsub-.assembly and stifîen the same so thatY theeside wall may be> readily transported „from its sub-assembly point to the ñnal assembly À_point where the car will be .com pleted. , to provide a two-part side plate so arranged that The roof is preferably made up of a plurality of one part can be attached to thereof and the otherA 20 nat sheets Z0 and .pressed sheets 22 which may be to the side in sub-assemblies. ~ A further object of the invention is the provi Y sion of a side plate made up of at least two parts andy arranged to accommodate therebetween the termed as carline Vforming roof sheets. These carline forming roof sheets are of general ñanged channel crossesection .having the web forming part of the roofA and the flanges 24 directed down 25 wardly at the proper carline spacing and termi A still'further object of the >invention is the nating in outwardly directed reñanged portions provision of a side plate so arranged that the car 26, -These carline forming _roofsheets will be line ends may -be interposed `between parts of the alternated with the flat sheets v2i!P which latter side plate and tie the side plate >parts together. overlap andere :spot welded or otherwise at lAryet further object of the invention is the 30 tached as. at 23/f-tothe flat web portions of the provision of a side plate construction having the parlino.. forming-«roof sheets. The vertically dl parts -so arranged as to permit carlines of consid reotedhanses “ofthe carline forming roof sheets erable depth to be attached thereto. , areV spot weldedtor otherwiseattached as at 21 These and other objects of the invention will to the @vertical ,ñahge 28 of .angIe vshaped .car Side Wall sheets and carlines. » be apparent to persons skilled in the art from a 35 line members, Yhavlnga horizontal flange 30 lo studyof the following description and accom panyingdrawing, in which: n Fig. 1 is a sectional View through the roof and side wall of a freight car; o cated substantially parallel to the reflange 26. The angularly shaped carlines _are more or less of constant depth, but for. the end portions of ver tical flanges 28 .cut at an angle corresponding to Fig. 2 is a sectional view-taken through the roof 40 the slopeojfthe. roof but still >leaving consider andsubstantially on line 2,-2 of Fig. 1; able depth ofL vertîcalnangeat their ends. The ~ Fig. 3 is an elevational view of theimproved construction, and e ` Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken substantially on line 4-4 of Fig. 1. i Referring now to the drawing in detail, it will be seen »that the'upper Ypart of..V the side wall Wand the outer edge of the roof R are illustrated. It is, sideedges «of Athe .roof .have `attached thereto as by spot Welding. 32 a curved outer plate forming member. This plate forming member has ¿the 45 central portion 3.4Y .curved on >an arc substantially concentric With .the point of. juncture of webs IIJ and l2 of tlieínner plate member and this curved portion terminates in tangential portions 36 and of course, understood that the car is symmetrical,> 38, the tangential portionv 36 being attached to the that is, with the roof wall extending from side 60 edge of the roof sheets by welding, as previously Wall ton sidewall to: complete the closure of the referred t0,- and the Atangential portion 38 being car body. As clearly shown, the side wall of the attached to the side Walls by means of rivets 40. car includes side posts 2 of Z formation, to the The ends of the carlines are overlapped by the outer flange of which are attached side sheets 4, tangential portion 36 to which they are attached while the inner flanges carry lining 6. The side 55 by welding as at 42. In order that the roof sheets 2,407,523 may overlap the tangential portion 3S it is nec essary for the reflanges 25 and flange 24 of the carline forming roof sheets to be clipped as at lill (Fig. l). The roof made up of the flat roof 4 posts, an inner side plate member having a down wardly extending flange overlapping the upper ends of the side posts and an inwardly extending flange located in spaced relationship thereto, an outer side plate member having a downwardly directed edge overlapping and secured to said curved outer plate forming member can be all ‘downwardly directed flange and an inner edge securedrtogether in a sub-assembly which will be located in upwardly spaced relation to said in quite rigid since the sheets will be stiffened by wardly directed flange, roof sheets secured to said their flanges, by the carlines and by the curved inner edge, and carlines secured to said roof sheets plate forming member. Such a structure is suf and to said inner edge and inner flange, said car ficiently stiff to permit transportation from the lines having their ends interposed between and sub-assembly point to the ñnal assembly point'„atv joining said inner vedge and inner flange of the which point it can be lowered onto the side walls side plate members. ' ' and riveted thereto. After‘the roof has been low '4.,A railway" car construction comprising side ered into position and attached to, theside walls posts, an inner'side plate of W cross-section hav by means of the rivets 451, the horizontal flanges ing 'a downwardly directed flange and a web se Si) of the carlines are attached to the inner edges> cured to the upper ends of the side posts and also of the flanges la of the W shaped inner _plate having an upstanding web and an inwardly di forming member. Thus it will be seen thatthe carline resting upon flanges i4 will hold the roof 20 rected flange located in- planes substantially par allel respectively to said downwardly directed while rivets d@ are being driven and that after-the flange and first named web, an outer side plate of flanges is are welded to the carline flanges 30, curved cross-section terminating in tangential the carlines brace and connect the inner edges of edge portions the outer cf which overlaps and is the plate forming members to form in effect an secured to lsaid downwardly directed flange and `open sided box member with the open sides braced the inner of which is located in upwardly spaced by the carline ends. Such a construction gives a relationship to said inwardly directed flange, and very good support for the carline ends since they carlines having their ends resting upon and se rest directly on the flange i4 of the inner plate cured to said inwardly directed ñange and under ’forming member. As shown in Fig. 1, a ceiling 50 lapping and secured to the inner edge portion of may be attached to the carlines by means of bolts 30 said curved outer side plate. ' " or other securing devices 52 extending through ' 5. A railway car construction comprising in the ceiling and throughthe flanges 3D and 2t. In part, an inner side plate member having an in vcertain constructions it-»rnay be desirable to elim wardlydirected flange adapted to directly sup inate the ceiling, in which case it may be advisable port -a carline end and a downwardly directed to utilize small plates‘or other means sealing the " flange adapted to be overlapped by the upper space between flange I4 and tangential portion 36. sheets, carline forming roof sheets, carlines and edges ofl the car vside sheets, and an outer side 'lî-iowever, this sealing may be effected by extend ing the lining t upwardly to contact the tangen tial portion 36. » I ' platehaving oneedge portion adapted to overlap the upper edges of the side sheets and another edge portion adapted to overlap and be secured » While the construction has been shown more or less in detail with speciñc reference to the draw to the ends of the carlines. claims. _ _ What is claimed is: ' _ - _ _ tion having a downwardly directed flange and an inwardly <directed flange, an outer side plate of curvedl cross-'section having edge portions ar ranged in spaced substantially parallel relation-_ ship to said ñanges, carlines, and side sheets, said carlines and 'side sheets being interposed between said flanges and edge portions and spacing-the - ‘ _ 6.~A railway car construction comprising lin part, an inner side plate member of W cross-sec ing, it will be obvious to persons skilled inthe art that various-modiñcations and rearrangements of parts may be made without departing from the _scope of the-invention as defined by the following l ‘ 1_. A railway car construction comprising side posts, an inner side plate member secured to the upper ends of the side posts, roof sheets, an outer . side plate member having its inner edge secured ' 7. A side plate construction for railway cars to the edges of the roof sheets and its outer edge comprising an inner side plate member, an outer secured tothe outer edge of the inner side plate side plate member, means joining said members member, and carlines secured to the roof sheets _adjacent their outer edges, land -spaced and having their outer ends interposed between 55 together apart carlines having their ends interposed be and'joining the inner edges of said inner and tween and attached to said members thereby con outer side plate members. Y ' necting and bracing the inneredges of the mem same. " 2,. A railway car construction , _ Y ' comprising flanged side posts; an _inner side plate member secured to the upper ends of the side posts, side sheets secured to the flanges of the side posts and to the outer edge of saidl inner side plate member, roof sheets, an outer. side plate member _having bers at spaced points. 60 its inner edge secured to the edges of theroof d' sheets and its outerfedge overlapping and secured to the side sheets and innerside' plate member, and' carlines securedto the roof sheets and hav-_ ing their outer ends interposed between and join ing the inner edges of said inner and> outerrside 70. plate members. . * j \ 3. A railway car construction comprising side- , _ _ - 8. A sideplate construction for railway cars comprising an> innerside plate member of W cross-section, an outer side plate member of gen erally curved crossfsection, means joining said members together adjacent theirouter and »lower edges,_means connecting the upperinner edges of said memberstoge'ther in spaced relationship to therebyform an _open sided box section side plate' with’the open side braced Vby said last named means.V ' Y „ _ _ _ ’ _ 'vieronv wnLoUGHBY; ~'