Sèpt. 10, 1946. H. L. CLARK 2,407,601 ~ ' BROODER Filed Jan. 6, 1944 Y. .9 Z ff, .. I gwwm @Za/TÃ: Patented Sept. 10, -1946 2,407,601 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,407,601 BROODER Harvey L. Clark, Salem, Oreg. Application January 6, 1944, Serial No. 517,243 l 1 Claim. (Cl. 11B-33) 2 This invention relates to brooders. An object of this invention is to provide a brooder having heat transfer means therein for absorbing and transferring the body heat of the the chicks can enter or leave `the brooder when v the side and end walls are down. End felt walls i8 are also formed integral with the side walls it so _that a felt side wall structure is provided chicks so as to simulate as closely as possible the by means of which the small chicks may readily body heat of the mother hen. enter the interior of the brooder structure. Another object of this invention is to provide a The side walls IS adjacent the lower portions brooder of simple construction which can be thereof are formed with flaps I9 and the end readily cleaned, is of sturdy construction, and walls I8 may also be formed with similar ñaps. can be made at relatively small cost. 10 These flaps I9 are provided so that the chicks A further object of this invention is to provide may push the ñaps inwardly in order to» gain en a brooder for small chicks which will permit the trance into the interior of the brooder. chicks to enter the interior thereof from the The side and end walls Iii and I3 respectively sides. overlap the bottom I5 and may be secured by A further object of this invention is to provide 15 buttons 39. The felt side and end wall structure a brooder which comprises a- housing having top is adapted to be raised in `warm weather and and bottom walls, supporting posts for the top held in raised position by means of buttons 20, Wall, felt side and end walls, copper plates se or other suitable means, which may be secured to cured to the inner sides of the top and bottom the side walls I6. The lower portions ci the side walls, felt coverings for the metal plates and de 20 Walls are formed with button holes 22 for en pending felt strips. ‘ gagement with the buttons 2t in order to hold To the foregoing objects and others which may the flaps and the lower portions oi the felt side hereinafter appear, the invention consists of the wall structure in raised position. novel construction, combination and arrange A handle 2| is secured to the top wall Ill and ment of parts as will be more speciñcally re provides a means whereby the brooder can be ferred to and illustrated in the accompanying shifted from place to place. drawing wherein is shown an embodiment of the The top wall I Il has secured to the inner or invention, but it is to be understood that changes, lower side thereof an inner felt member 23. The Variations and modifications may be resorted to felt member 23 has dependingly secured thereto which fall within the scope of the invention as 30 a plurality of felt strips 24 which depend within claimed. ‘ -the interior of the brooder and between which In the drawing: the chicks are adapted to engage, A copper plate Figure l is an expanded perspective View of a 25 is interposed between the felt 23 and the lower brooder constructed according to an embodiment side of the top wall III, of this invention with portions cut away to show A lower felt wall 26 is disposed on the upper side of the bottom wall I5 and a lower copper the details of construction; Figure 2 is a fragmentary detail view of one of the corners showing the means for fastening the> bottom and top parts of the brooder to each other; plate 21 is interposed between the felt 2B and the upper side of the bottom wall I5. 40 The lower felt 26 is preferably removable from the bottom wall, in order to provide for cleaning Figure 3 is a fragmentary sectional view; and thereof, and the outer corner portions of the felt is taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 1. 25 are interposed between the lower ends of the Referring to the drawing the numeral I0 des supporting posts I I and the upper side of the bot ignates the top wall of a brooder housing which, tom wall I5. The bottom wall I5 is detachably in the present instances, is rectangular in plan 45 secured to the lower ends of the posts I I by means and has secured thereto a plurality of upright of hooks 28 which are secured to the posts I I and supporting posts I I. The posts I I are provided at which engage eyes 29 carried by the bottom wall their lower ends with downwardly opening sock I5, there being a set of such hooks and eyes for y ets or recesses I3 within which positioning pins each post. or dowels I 4 carried by a bottom wall or iloor I5, 50 A brooder has been constructed according to Y are adapted to removably engage. this invention and has been found to simulate The brooder has flexible felt sidewalls I6 se more closely the body heat of the mother hen. cured by fastening members I'I to the opposite With a construction of this kind it is not neces longitudinal edges of the top wall Ill. The side sary to provide any artificial heating means to walls I 6 have openings I 6a by means of which 55 keep the chicks warm. 2,407,601 . ` 4 and bottom walls, corner posts for supporting said top wall above said bottom wall, upwardly extend ing pins carried by said bottom wall, said posts having sockets for receiving said pins, eyes car ried by said bottom wall, hooks carried by -said posts for releasably holding said posts on said pins, felt side and end walls abo-ut said posts, each of said side walls having at least a pair of upward In the construction of the brooder for best re sults the copper plates should be Very thin. The strips of felt hanging from the ceiling of the broeder should clear the floor by about one-half inch. Securing the floor in the manner speciñed makes it easy to carry the brooder as a unit from place to place. To clean and keep the brooder sanitary, the hooks can be released and the top ly extending slots of sufficient size _to provide structure lifted oñ. The ñoor sheet of felt can then be easily removed, cleaned and turned, if 10 chick entrances and the portions of the walls be ` tween the slots on each side providing a swinging desired- The chicks make their own heat and flap, means releasably securing said side and end those in the center who get too warm can move walls to said bottom Wall, means carried by said ~ to the outside while those on the outside who may yfeel too cool can move towards the center. With `this brooder all hazards of loss from under heat ing, nre, gas or explosions are eliminated, and “le chicks raised are sturdieryhealthier and will side walls for holding said flaps in‘raised position, a copper plate secured to the lower side of said top wail, a second copper plate secured to the upper Y side of said bottom wall, a felt covering for said " upper plate, depending felt strips carried by said The legs for a chicken brooder must be six upper felt covering, and a lower felt covering for feather out more quickly and uniformly. inches but for turkey chicks the legs can be 20 longer, say from eight to ten inches, if desired. What I claim is: A brooder comprising a, housing formed of top said lower plate. - ` HARVEY L. CLARK.