Патент USA US2407715код для вставки
1 , Sept. 17, 1946. w. ,J. MALONEY “ HUMAN ‘CARRIER’ , Filed Oct. '15, 1943 ‘ 2,407,714‘ Patented Sept. 17, 1946 2,467,714 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,407,714 7 HUMAN CARRIER William J. Maloney, Ansonia, Conn. Application October 15, 1943,’ Serial No. 506,353 v 6 Claims. 1 This invention relates to a carrier and ?rst aid device for assisting-in transporting or car rying an injured or .ill person, and has for an object to provide such a device which will be of very simple construction and may be easily applied and used in’ carrying an injured or ill person or assisting such person. It‘ is also an object ‘tor-provide such a device which may be used not only as a carrier, but may be used as .a tourniquet in. ?rst aid and may be employed to provide a ?rst aid kit.‘v , A‘ further object is to provide a construction which may be easily carried by persons apt to (01. 2244) ' 2 mediate the two opposite ends thereof is a sec ond strap 15. This is preferably in the form of a double strap looped about the side'members l9 and H as indicated in Figs. 5 and 7, and al though it could be secured in one position on the side members it is preferably mounted so as to be shiftable along these members to‘ di?erent positions. Adjacent one of the members the ;op posite sides of the strap may be secured together 10 as indicated at It by stitching or riveting adja cent one of the side members, as the member 11., to retain this strap on the main loop and prevent ‘ its falling o?" in carrying, applying it to a‘ person require use of such a device, such for example as and so forth. This transverse strap is provided hunters, life-guards, soldiers, Boy Scouts and so 15 with some means for adjusting‘ the length, such forth. for example as a' buckle I7, and the free end is With the foregoing and other objects in View, preferably provided with a grip I8 whereby it I' have devised the‘ construction illustrated in may be easily grasped and held to adjust the the accompanying drawing forming a part of this length of the transverse strap. A convenient speci?cation. It is, however, to be understood. method of forming this grip is to fold or roll the invention is not limited to the speci?c de over the free end of the strap and cement the tails of construction and arrangement shown but overlapped parts together. . may (embody various changes and modi?cations The straps may be made of any suitable ma within the scope 1of the invention. terial such for example as canvas, webbing, ?ber In the drawing: 25 glass or ?ber glass mixed with cotton, ‘and sim Figs. 1 to 4 illustrate one method on which the ilar material, and preferably about two or three device may be used to ‘lift ‘a person from a prone position and get him to a carrying position‘; Fig. 5 is a plan ‘View of the device; Fig. 6 is a side elevation thereof: Fig. '7 ‘is a transverse section on an enlarged scale substantially on line '!—'I of Fig. 5, and Fig. 8 is an enlarged detail section substan~ tial-ly on line ‘8-43 ‘of ~Fig. ‘5. > inches in width. ' At the closed end of the loop opposite the con nection l2 there may be secured a compress pad’ 30 24 at 'one side of the strap. This may be secured su?iciently so as to be used as a pressure pad in using the strap as a tourniquet to stop serious bleeding or it could be stripped ed and applied as a ‘separate compress or pad to a wound, or in The preferred form of the device comprises a 35 use as a pressure pad with a tourniquet. There flexible strap having its side members I0 and H , can also be applied to the strap a holder for-?rst secured together adjacent their free ends as in aid‘ articles such for example as a pocket IQ ‘of dicated at 12 to form a closed loop l3. The two suitable material for carrying a few articles such side members may besecured together in (inter as compresses, bandages, a bottle .of iodine and out ways, as for example by riveting, stitching the like, and this may have one end open and and so forth. It is preferred to cross them as in closed by a ?ap‘i? secured by a suitable snap dicated in Fig. 6 and secure the cross portion by fastener 2|. a rivet i2 which permits a certain amount of One method of use ‘of the device is illustrated relative turning "between the crossed members, in Figs. 1 to 4 to assist in carrying an injured permitting .it ‘to conform to the ‘shape of the body 45 or ill person. The closed end of the loop I3 car; of the person doing the carrying, as will be more rying the pad 24 may be passed under the head fully described later, Beyond this connection and shoulders of the prone person 22 to a posi there is provided one or more hand grips Hi. 'It tion across the back or shoulders and under the is preferred ‘these grips ‘be formed by extending the side members and folding them upon them armpits as indicated, and the other end of the loop passed over the shoulders of the operator selves to form loops as ‘indicated and securing 23 and around the back of his neck or upper part the free ends of these loops either by the secur of the back. Then by straightening up and ing means ‘I 2 or ‘separate ‘securing means such as guiding the prone person with his hands he can rivets, stitching, cement and so forth. lift him to an upright position and facing him, Extending transversely across the loop inter 55 as shown in Fig. 2. The operator then moves #07314 3 4 2. A carrier of the character described compris the transverse strap l5 toward the person 22 ing a ?exible strap forming a loop with the side and by grasping the grip I8 can tighten it up to members secured together adjacent their free draw the sides Ill and II toward each other ends, said side members being of sufficient length and around the body of the person 22 so that so that the opposite ends of the loop may be at there is no danger of his slipping out of the loop. the same time respectively passed across the Then the operator 23 may quickly turn around shoulders of a person to be carried and over the facing the opposite direction as shown in Fig. 3, shoulders of another person to carry him, a trans with no danger of the injured person slipping out verse strap looped about the side members'and of the loop, and the operator grips either one or extending transversely of said loop between its both of the hand grips M and can then draw 10 two end portions and shiftable along the loop them ‘forwardly and downwardly, sliding the side . toward the person being carried to retain him in straps Ill and II over his shoulders, to draw the the loop, and hand grips at the free ends of the person 22 toward him and to a position imme ' side members in position to be gripped by the diately at his back, and then by leaning forward,» ' carrying person when the loop is in the carrying as indicated in Fig. 4, the person 22v isdrawn 15 position over his shoulders. onto his back and lifted oh the ground so that' 3. A carrier ‘of the character described compris he may be easily carried and will be effectively ‘ ing a ?exible strap forming a loop with the side held in this position by this carrying device. members secured together adjacent their free‘ The connecting pivot [2 permits the side portions ends, said loop being of su?icient length to pass of the strap to have relative turning movement about the shoulders of a man to be carried and so that as the, grips are moved forwardly and a man carrying him, a transverse strap connect downwardly the side-portions‘ conform more to ing the side members and extending transversely the size and shape of the body. After the carried across the loop, said transverse strap Ibeing ad person has been ‘taken to the desired location he justable the side members toward the per maybe readily returned to the prone position 251 son beingalong carried to retain him in the loop, means merely by ‘reversing the operations above de for adjusting the length of the transverse strap, scribed. " It is not necessary that the device be and hand grip means at the free ends of the side used at the shoulders, as it could be used at other parts of the body orplaced under the buttocks so that the person may be carried, in a generally‘ seated position. v members in position to be located at the front the carrying person 30 ' of carrying position. 7 ing a ?exible strap secured together adjacent’ its opposite free ends to form a loop of sufficient; it may be employed as a‘ tourniquet using the length to pass about the shoulders of a man to be carried and a man carrying him, the free ends compress 24 as a pressure. pad over the artery and drawing the strap around the limb, and tightening by twisting with a suitable stick in serted between the sides It! and H in the proper manner, or the compress 24 could be stripped of the strap being folded back upon themselves to form hand grips located in front of the carry-W ing man when the loop is about his shoulders in, the carrying position, and a transverse strap looped about the side members intermediate the ends of said loop and shiftable along said side from the strap and be used as a compress on a 'wound'and held by a, suitable bandage, or be, used as a pressure pad with a bandage as a ' a The article maybe readily carried so as to be always! available. As‘for example it could be 7 ' 4. A carrier of the character described compris It may» also‘ be used for other ?rst‘ aid opera tions.- For example, in case of serious bleeding tourniquet.’ when the loop is in the members toward the man being carried to retain, him in the loop, and means for’ adjusting the 1 length of said transverse strap to draw the side members toward each other. 5. A carrier of the character described compris ing a ?exible strap having its opposite end por adders-‘generally, or on Boy Scout belts or coat tions crossed and secured together forming a loop la'p'els.~ 7' I» I of sufficient length to pass about the shoulders .lIt will be seen this makes it perfectly feasible 50 of a man tov be carried and a man carrying him, fora single person to raise and carry another hand grips atthe ends of the strap outwardly of 7 person and‘in comparative comfort. Also it will said connection so as to be positioned in front be seen that it is of very simple construction but of the carrying man when'the loop is in carrying is strong and will not require a great deal of position, a transverse strap looped about the sides 55 space in carrying it on the person so as to have of the loop and shiftalble along saidjsides, and it available when needed. ' means for adjusting the length of the-transverse Having thus set forth’ the nature of my in strap to draw the sides of the loop toward each carried on a hunter’s coat lapel, or a lifeguard’s bathing suit, or by soldiers and sailors'and ?rst vention, what I'claim is: 1. A carrier of the character described com prisinga ?exible strap forming a loop of su?i ' cient length to be passed across the shoulders of a person to be carried and side members passing’ under the arms of said person and secured to other to retain a man in the loop. 60 6. A carrier of the character described compris ing a flexible strap having its opposite end por tions crossed and secured together by a rivet permitting relative turning of the side members and forming a loop of sufficient length to pass about the shoulders of a man to be carried and pass over the shoulders of a second person, hand 65 a man carrying him, hand grips. at the ends of gether at the front to form another portion to grips formed forwardly of the point the side members are secured together in position to be gripped by the second person when the loop is in the carrying position over his shoulders, and an adjustable strap looped over the side members and'shiftable along these members toward the person to be carried to retain him in the loop and inthe opposite direction to permit his removal. the strap outwardly of said riveted connection, a transverse strap looped about the sides of ‘the loop and shiftable along said sides, and means for adjusting the length of the transverse strap to draw the sides of the loop toward each other. WILLIAM J . MALONEY.