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Патент USA US2407715

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1 , Sept. 17, 1946.
w. ,J. MALONEY “
HUMAN ‘CARRIER’
,
Filed Oct. '15, 1943
‘
2,407,714‘
Patented Sept. 17, 1946
2,467,714
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
2,407,714 7
HUMAN CARRIER
William J. Maloney, Ansonia, Conn.
Application October 15, 1943,’ Serial No. 506,353
v 6 Claims.
1
This invention relates to a carrier and ?rst
aid device for assisting-in transporting or car
rying an injured or .ill person, and has for an
object to provide such a device which will be
of very simple construction and may be easily
applied and used in’ carrying an injured or ill
person or assisting such person.
It‘ is also an object ‘tor-provide such a device
which may be used not only as a carrier, but may
be used as .a tourniquet in. ?rst aid and may be
employed to provide a ?rst aid kit.‘v ,
A‘ further object is to provide a construction
which may be easily carried by persons apt to
(01. 2244)
'
2
mediate the two opposite ends thereof is a sec
ond strap 15. This is preferably in the form of
a double strap looped about the side'members
l9 and H as indicated in Figs. 5 and 7, and al
though it could be secured in one position on the
side members it is preferably mounted so as to
be shiftable along these members to‘ di?erent
positions. Adjacent one of the members the ;op
posite sides of the strap may be secured together
10 as indicated at It by stitching or riveting adja
cent one of the side members, as the member 11.,
to retain this strap on the main loop and prevent ‘
its falling o?" in carrying, applying it to a‘ person
require use of such a device, such for example as
and so forth. This transverse strap is provided
hunters, life-guards, soldiers, Boy Scouts and so 15 with some means for adjusting‘ the length, such
forth.
for example as a' buckle I7, and the free end is
With the foregoing and other objects in View,
preferably provided with a grip I8 whereby it
I' have devised the‘ construction illustrated in
may be easily grasped and held to adjust the
the accompanying drawing forming a part of this
length of the transverse strap. A convenient
speci?cation. It is, however, to be understood.
method of forming this grip is to fold or roll
the invention is not limited to the speci?c de
over the free end of the strap and cement the
tails of construction and arrangement shown but
overlapped parts together.
.
may (embody various changes and modi?cations
The straps may be made of any suitable ma
within the scope 1of the invention.
terial such for example as canvas, webbing, ?ber
In the drawing:
25 glass or ?ber glass mixed with cotton, ‘and sim
Figs. 1 to 4 illustrate one method on which the
ilar material, and preferably about two or three
device may be used to ‘lift ‘a person from a prone
position and get him to a carrying position‘;
Fig. 5 is a plan ‘View of the device;
Fig. 6 is a side elevation thereof:
Fig. '7 ‘is a transverse section on an enlarged
scale substantially on line '!—'I of Fig. 5, and
Fig. 8 is an enlarged detail section substan~
tial-ly on line ‘8-43 ‘of ~Fig. ‘5.
>
inches in width.
'
At the closed end of the loop opposite the con
nection l2 there may be secured a compress pad’
30 24 at 'one side of the strap. This may be secured
su?iciently so as to be used as a pressure pad in
using the strap as a tourniquet to stop serious
bleeding or it could be stripped ed and applied
as a ‘separate compress or pad to a wound, or in
The preferred form of the device comprises a 35 use as a pressure pad with a tourniquet. There
flexible strap having its side members I0 and H ,
can also be applied to the strap a holder for-?rst
secured together adjacent their free ends as in
aid‘ articles such for example as a pocket IQ ‘of
dicated at 12 to form a closed loop l3. The two
suitable material for carrying a few articles such
side members may besecured together in (inter
as compresses, bandages, a bottle .of iodine and
out ways, as for example by riveting, stitching
the like, and this may have one end open and
and so forth. It is preferred to cross them as in
closed by a ?ap‘i? secured by a suitable snap
dicated in Fig. 6 and secure the cross portion by
fastener 2|.
a rivet i2 which permits a certain amount of
One method of use ‘of the device is illustrated
relative turning "between the crossed members,
in Figs. 1 to 4 to assist in carrying an injured
permitting .it ‘to conform to the ‘shape of the body 45 or ill person. The closed end of the loop I3 car;
of the person doing the carrying, as will be more
rying the pad 24 may be passed under the head
fully described later, Beyond this connection
and shoulders of the prone person 22 to a posi
there is provided one or more hand grips Hi. 'It
tion across the back or shoulders and under the
is preferred ‘these grips ‘be formed by extending
the side members and folding them upon them
armpits as indicated, and the other end of the
loop passed over the shoulders of the operator
selves to form loops as ‘indicated and securing
23 and around the back of his neck or upper part
the free ends of these loops either by the secur
of the back. Then by straightening up and
ing means ‘I 2 or ‘separate ‘securing means such as
guiding the prone person with his hands he can
rivets, stitching, cement and so forth.
lift him to an upright position and facing him,
Extending transversely across the loop inter 55 as shown in Fig. 2. The operator then moves
#07314
3
4
2. A carrier of the character described compris
the transverse strap l5 toward the person 22
ing a ?exible strap forming a loop with the side
and by grasping the grip I8 can tighten it up to
members secured together adjacent their free
draw the sides Ill and II toward each other
ends, said side members being of sufficient length
and around the body of the person 22 so that
so that the opposite ends of the loop may be at
there is no danger of his slipping out of the loop.
the same time respectively passed across the
Then the operator 23 may quickly turn around
shoulders of a person to be carried and over the
facing the opposite direction as shown in Fig. 3,
shoulders of another person to carry him, a trans
with no danger of the injured person slipping out
verse strap looped about the side members'and
of the loop, and the operator grips either one or
extending transversely of said loop between its
both of the hand grips M and can then draw 10 two end portions and shiftable along the loop
them ‘forwardly and downwardly, sliding the side
. toward the person being carried to retain him in
straps Ill and II over his shoulders, to draw the
the loop, and hand grips at the free ends of the
person 22 toward him and to a position imme
' side members in position to be gripped by the
diately at his back, and then by leaning forward,» ' carrying person when the loop is in the carrying
as indicated in Fig. 4, the person 22v isdrawn 15
position over his shoulders.
onto his back and lifted oh the ground so that'
3. A carrier ‘of the character described compris
he may be easily carried and will be effectively ‘
ing a ?exible strap forming a loop with the side
held in this position by this carrying device.
members secured together adjacent their free‘
The connecting pivot [2 permits the side portions
ends, said loop being of su?icient length to pass
of the strap to have relative turning movement
about the shoulders of a man to be carried and
so that as the, grips are moved forwardly and
a man carrying him, a transverse strap connect
downwardly the side-portions‘ conform more to
ing the side members and extending transversely
the size and shape of the body. After the carried
across the loop, said transverse strap Ibeing ad
person has been ‘taken to the desired location he
justable
the side members toward the per
maybe readily returned to the prone position 251 son beingalong
carried
to retain him in the loop, means
merely by ‘reversing the operations above de
for adjusting the length of the transverse strap,
scribed. " It is not necessary that the device be
and hand grip means at the free ends of the side
used at the shoulders, as it could be used at other
parts of the body orplaced under the buttocks
so that the person may be carried, in a generally‘
seated position.
v
members in position to be located at the front
the carrying person
30 ' of
carrying position.
7
ing a ?exible strap secured together adjacent’ its
opposite free ends to form a loop of sufficient;
it may be employed as a‘ tourniquet using the
length to pass about the shoulders of a man to
be carried and a man carrying him, the free ends
compress 24 as a pressure. pad over the artery
and drawing the strap around the limb, and
tightening by twisting with a suitable stick in
serted between the sides It! and H in the proper
manner, or the compress 24 could be stripped
of the strap being folded back upon themselves
to form hand grips located in front of the carry-W
ing man when the loop is about his shoulders in,
the carrying position, and a transverse strap
looped about the side members intermediate the
ends of said loop and shiftable along said side
from the strap and be used as a compress on a
'wound'and held by a, suitable bandage, or be,
used as a pressure pad with a bandage as a
'
a
The article maybe readily carried so as to be
always! available.
As‘for example it could be
7
' 4. A carrier of the character described compris
It may» also‘ be used for other ?rst‘ aid opera
tions.- For example, in case of serious bleeding
tourniquet.’
when the loop is in the
members toward the man being carried to retain,
him in the loop, and means for’ adjusting the
1 length of said transverse strap to draw the side
members toward each other.
5. A carrier of the character described compris
ing a ?exible strap having its opposite end por
adders-‘generally, or on Boy Scout belts or coat
tions crossed and secured together forming a loop
la'p'els.~ 7' I»
I
of sufficient length to pass about the shoulders
.lIt will be seen this makes it perfectly feasible 50 of
a man tov be carried and a man carrying him,
fora single person to raise and carry another
hand grips atthe ends of the strap outwardly of 7
person and‘in comparative comfort. Also it will
said connection so as to be positioned in front
be seen that it is of very simple construction but
of the carrying man when'the loop is in carrying
is strong and will not require a great deal of
position, a transverse strap looped about the sides
55
space in carrying it on the person so as to have
of the loop and shiftalble along saidjsides, and
it available when needed. '
means for adjusting the length of the-transverse
Having thus set forth’ the nature of my in
strap to draw the sides of the loop toward each
carried on a hunter’s coat lapel, or a lifeguard’s
bathing suit, or by soldiers and sailors'and ?rst
vention, what I'claim is:
1. A carrier of the character described com
prisinga ?exible strap forming a loop of su?i
' cient length to be passed across the shoulders of
a person to be carried and side members passing’
under the arms of said person and secured to
other to retain a man in the loop.
60
6. A carrier of the character described compris
ing a flexible strap having its opposite end por
tions crossed and secured together by a rivet
permitting relative turning of the side members
and forming a loop of sufficient length to pass
about the shoulders of a man to be carried and
pass over the shoulders of a second person, hand 65 a man carrying him, hand grips. at the ends of
gether at the front to form another portion to
grips formed forwardly of the point the side
members are secured together in position to be
gripped by the second person when the loop is
in the carrying position over his shoulders, and
an adjustable strap looped over the side members
and'shiftable along these members toward the
person to be carried to retain him in the loop and
inthe opposite direction to permit his removal.
the strap outwardly of said riveted connection,
a transverse strap looped about the sides of ‘the
loop and shiftable along said sides, and means for
adjusting the length of the transverse strap to
draw the sides of the loop toward each other.
WILLIAM J . MALONEY.
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