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Патент USA US2407735

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Sept. 17, 1946.
E. c. BAILLIERE
2,407,734 '
TOYAND BALL CASING
, Filed Jan. 10, 1942
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Patented Sept. 17, 1946
2,407,734
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE
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2,407,734.
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TOY AND BALL CASING
Edna C. Bailliere, Warren, Ohio ‘
‘ Application January 10, 1942, Serial No. 426,265
5 Claims. (Cl. 273-58)
1
2
The invention relatesto a casing for a ball,
a toy animal or bird, and in fact a casing of any
desired form or ?gure. Particularly the casing
is formed from a pair of flat pieces‘ of ?exible
Figure 4 is a View showing the casing of Fig-\
ure 2 with an in?ated bladder therein.
Figure 5 is a partial section of an in?ated ball
with ‘the casing turned inside out so that the ridge
is inside of the casing.
In?atable balls of spherical shape have been
made by forming a casing of many pieces which
material such as rubber which are secured to
gether preferably at or adjacent their outer edges.
The ?at pieces in the preferred construction have
holes going therethrough which increase lateral
are stitched together such that the normal or
?exibility or distendability of the casing. An
in?atable bladder is inserted within the casing
which distends the casing and the casing supports
relaxed shape of the casing is spherical. The
cutting of many pieces and the cementing or
stitching of these many pieces together involves
considerable labor and expense. Figures of other
shapes or forms have been similarly made. The
the bladder. The invention also relates to the
combination of the novel casing and in?atable
bladder.
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casing of the invention 0n the other hand is
An object of the invention‘ is to construct ‘a 15 formed of ?at pieces of ?exible material such
wholly ?at casing; which is to receive an in?ata
as rubber which are sewed or otherwise secured
ble bladder, formed from ?at members of ?exi
together and in the case of most balls and fig
bIe material stitched or otherwise secured to
ures the ?at members or blanks are secured to
gether at or adjacent the outer edges thereof;
gether at or adjacent their outer edges. If the
and having means which preferably are holes
shape desired is that of a ball a pair of circular
through the casing to inc'rease‘the lateral dis; 20 disks
are formed which may then be stitched
tendability thereon.
‘Another object of the invention is to conl '
together at their periphery and preferably holes
are punched through the disks which increase
struct a ball casing of a'pair'of ?at members or f the lateral distendability of the. casing so that
blanks of ?exible material having holes provided I25 a'ball is formed when a bladder is inflated there
therethrough to increase lateral ?exibility or dis
in. It is clear that the casing may take the, form
tendability thereof and so disposed that‘ a sub
stantially spherical ball results when a bladder is
in?ated therein.
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A still further object is to construct an in
?atable ?gure utilizing a wholly ?at casing but‘
which has a substantial lateral distendability.‘
Another objector the invention is to construct’
an in?atable ball from a casing formed of a pair
of ?at‘ disks of rubber or the like which are
stitched or otherwise secured together at their
outer periphery and having holes so positioned
of birds, animals, or any other desired shape. '
The casing illustrated in Figure 1 is formed
by cutting a. pair of circular disks in of ?exible.
30 material such as rubber, which are sewed .to
gether' at their periphery in any suitable fashion
by the stitching It so as toleave the central
portions of each disk separable from the other.
Holes [2 are punched or otherwise provided
through the disks to increase the lateral distend
ability thereof. Preferably the size of the holes
in the disks‘decrease in diameter towards the
that‘ the ball assumes a substantially‘ spherical ‘
center thereof. The holes l3 being smaller than i
form when the bladder is in?ated therein.
the holes l2, the holes I4 being still smaller, and
the holes l5 adjacent the center, may be the
smallest. With the pattern of holes disclosed
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Another, object is to form a casing having sub
stantial lateral distendability which is inexpen
sive, easily made and attractive
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Other objects of the invention will be more ap
parent from the following description taken in A
connection with the accompanying. drawing in '
which
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Figure 1 is a partial‘view. or a casing having‘:
holes therein of one form of pattern or‘ design."
Figure 2 is a partial view of another casing
in Figure 1, a ball is formed when a bladder is
in?ated therein which is slightly ?at at the ends.
A central hole l6 may be provided in one of the
disks for access‘ to the‘ valve of the bladder to be
inserted‘between the two disks. The hole I6‘ or
any other hole may be used for this purpose or
‘an opening between the disks through the stitch
ing may be provided.
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In Figure 2,;the disks 20‘ are like the disks I0
having holes therethrough such that a substan-. 5.0 which are‘ also shown. to be sewed together by
tially spherical ball is formed when'a bladder is 1* stitching 2| at the periphery thereof. _‘ The pat
' in?ated therein.
‘
Figure 3 is a side view of the casings of
ures 1 and 2.
' tern of holes in the casing of Figure 2 is different. .
than that shown in Figure 1. The holes 22, 23
and 24 are provided to increase the lateral dis
2,407,734
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Ordinary heavy sewing thread maybe used to
tendability of the disks. Since a lesser amount
of distendability is required in the outer por
tion of the disks, these holes may be relatively
widely spaced. The holes 25 and 26 increase the
lateral distendability of the ball at a point ad
jacent to and just within a circle at the center
of the disks which circle has a diameter ap
proximately half of the full diameter of the
secure or stitch the pair of ?at ?exible casing ‘
blanks together at their outer edge. Such stitch
ing is loose enough and when coupled with the
?exible material of the casing permits some in
crease in the diameter or size of the in?ated ball
or ?gure over the diameter of the disks or blanks.
If desired the casing may be turned inside out
we the routside' in
disks sothat' upon in?ation of a, bladder, therein,
e
s upon the; I
zftheiball or ?g
7 the resultant. form is? sphericaliéri .very. nearly so. 10 ure
and the outer surface is smooth “or carries
The holes extending ‘through ‘the "flat" blanks
Preferably a uniform or sym
. ?slight groove.
or members remove material which otherwise
metrical distribution of the holes or means to
would
der is in?ated
resist lateral
thereindistendability
or to expresswhen
it in another
a bladi ‘ . :decrease‘the resistance to lateral distendability
way the holes leave portions of the casing which 15 of the flat members results in a more attractive
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resist expansion in the casing wherever and to _; -~b'all"'or'toy'."This invention-provides an improvement in a
Whatever extent such resistanceis desired. It
toy and ball casing.‘ It is understood that vari
is not necessary to have holes throughthe blanks‘
ous modifications in structure, as well as changes
in order to decrease resistance to lateral‘ dis-i
in
mode of operation, assembly, and manner of
20
tendability or bring about an increase in lateral
use,
mayinandg often do ‘occur to those skilled in
distendability and other means-or provisionfunc
the art, especiallyi after, bene?tting from the
tioning in the‘ same-manner toreduce resistance
teachings of an invention. This disclosure illus
and thereby to vincrease 'lateraldistendability is
trates-the, preferred means of? embodying the in
contemplated.‘ The pair of ?at-members; or at
2,5
least one thereof, has recesses which leave-por
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What is claimed is: »
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, 1. A ; casing ‘adapted to: receive andn?atable
bladders comprisingra pair Ipf ,?at members. of
elastic material which’ form ;a_ complete casing
form illustrated are holes extending through the
member.
vention in useful form.
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tions of themember with greater distendabil
ity than other portionsi'which recesses‘ 'in?thc
having the form of- a;toy roryballymeans securing
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. The area of greater strain upon‘ the disks-when 30
a bladder_30 is in?ated therein comes at, or ad—..
the ?at members together, ‘and at least one. of
the ?at-,members'having' recesses therein thereby
jacent, the circle midway ' between the outer
providing portions which resist expansionvto a
periphery-‘and the center ofthe disks. At this
point the disks should have su?icient strength or
resistance byv providing ample .' material‘ between
greater extent than other portions thereof .to
control the, lateralidistendability oi the casing. _
. 2. A casing. adapted try-receive. anin?atable
the holes l3 and between the holes M‘ as inthe
casing of Figure 1 and between the holes 24 in
bladder. comprising a pair of ?at members of
?exible .- material and having a» desiredform,
means securing the v[?at1members...together at
to'p'roduce a ball which vis‘ spherical or sub
their
outer‘ edges, and the \ flat members having’
stantially so, any design or pattern of holes may at
1 the "casing of Figure 2. 1 Where it is not desired
be utilized. By using a bladder of a different
color from that of the casing, an attractive ball
7 holes. therein-of a- desired patternrlto increase
. or' other ?gure is produced. ;»'I‘he circularholes in
able bladder comprising. a’ pair Qf .circular?at
members of ?exible material,‘meanssecuringthe
the lateral distendability of thoecasing.
the: casing stretch into many different shapes
depending upon the spacing between holes and 1
theThe
general
casing
pattern;
of a toy or:
. - ball of the invention
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"may utilize a bladder of relatively heavy wall
thickness". A novel effect however, mayibe pro
duced-'by'using a bladder which is relativelythin .
and' the holes relatively large such as the holes
:I2 and It‘. When the bladder-30' is, in?ated in
the casing,’ the bladderibulges outwardly in the
holes as illustrated 'in Figure 4.
Other novel
effects canbe produced by using bladders hav
ing portions projecting through the holes which
portions also in?ate upon- blowing 1up ofv the
bladder.' For'exampleifa casing: of an. animal
form is used,‘ four legs upon a bladder may be
projected through holes whichv in?ate to form 60
legs which support the ?gure.
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- 3. Aball casing'adapted‘to receive-an-in?at
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I A widevariety of bladders may be utilized with
the casing. The bladder may have a'valvev of
any simple kind for retaining the air therewith
‘in. The bladder'may also be a common inex
pensive balloon having ‘a ‘cylindrical neck for
in?ating the same. - Where this style of bladder
is used, the neck maybe projectedythrough, the
flat membersttogether at-theirperiphery, and
the. flat,;members ‘having uniformly distributed
holes therein .toincreasecthe lateral distendabil
ity of the?at members.
5.
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. i “4.. A ball casing adaptedgtc receive angin?ate
able“ bladderv ‘comprising ‘Ma-j pair. .of f circular ?at
members ofv,-'flexiblegmafterial, means securing
,the circular ?at members- together at their ‘pe
riphery, the circular??at members-jhavingl-runi
forinly distributed holes. therein-to increase the
‘lateral distendability of the flat“ members, and
the material being substantially reduced between
holesadjacent to and within a circle. having. ap
proximately .half the diameter of the flat mem
bers.
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_ __ ‘5.,A ball casing adapted to receive an inflatable
bladder comprising a'pair of circular‘?at mem
bers offvlexible material, means securing the flat
members together at their; periphery, andythe
?at membersThaving " circularly‘ disposed 7widely
‘spaced holes therethrou‘gh in the "oute'rfhalf of
the flat members and closely spaced holesia'dj‘a
“cent to ‘and within a circle‘ having approximately
half. ‘the diameterfa‘ofrthe ?at members’ to;'in'-.
center hole such as the hole '18 in Figure l;or
21 in Figure 2. vWhen the bladder is in?ated the 70 'crease '- the lateral distendability of .the‘ ‘casing
andform. a substantially» spherical ball when a",
‘end of the neck may be tucked through vanother
.bladderzls in?ated Withirrthe-casingy; 1 3 .
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hole between the casing‘ and bladder to retain
EDNA CQBAILLIERE, ;
the air in the bladder» - V,
, a
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