вход по аккаунту


код для вставки
' Sept. 17, 1946.
Filed April 28, ‘1945
5 Sheets-Sheet 1
Z O.
Sept v17, 1946.
- ‘
Filed April 28, 1943
3 Sheets-Sheet 2
nonsm- w. m‘rzsa'r
Sept. 17, 1946.‘
Filed April 28, 1945
s Sheets-Sheet z»
Patented Sept. 17, 1946
Robert W. Ritzert, Dayton, Ohio, assignor to The
Efgry Register 60., Dayton, Ohio, a corporation‘
0 Ohio
Application April 28, 1943, Serial No. 484,810
5 Claims. (01. 197-426)
The present invention relates to manifolding
tent drivesheretofore performed by the clutch
machines, and in ‘particular to such machines
and yet will be of a more simple design with con
which are adapted to make multiple copies of
sequently less expense.
typed or printed material by means of copying
Another object of the invention is to provide
ribbons or carbons, particularly those machines 5 an adding and tabulating machine having a
used in connection with typing, adding and tabmanifolding attachment with an improved and
ulating machines and the like.
simpli?ed form of mechanism by which the pa
The multiple typing or printing is provided by
per moving drive may be readily’ separated from
a plurality of ‘ carbon ribbons or webs which are
the ribbon moving or pin wheel drive, thus fa
interleaved transversely of and between the 10 cilitating synchronizing or other control effects
paper sheets at the position of the platen. These
between these various movements.
ribbons are caused to move acrossthe paper, 1. e.
These objects are carried out in brief in ac
normal to the movement of the paper, during
cordance with the present invention by substi
the spacing line interval by means of a pin wheel
tuting a wholly electrical actuating ‘mechanism
drive. Thus‘the carbon ribbons are moved from '15 for both the paper mQVing drive and the rib_
one side of the paper to the other Side in ‘Steps
bon feed in such a way that one of the drives
corresponding to’ the line Spacing operations of
the main typing machine, the separate movemerits of the ribbons ranging between One-quar-
may be operated independently of the other or
may be operated Simultaneously and in both
cases without requiring complicated clutch ap
ter and one-half inch
20 paratus and a complicated control mechanism for
When the last line has been typed 01‘ pl‘lntthe clutch.
8‘? °1'1_ the Paper; an automatic ejection mechaf
The invention will be better understood when
msm 15* brought “1170 play to move the superposed
reference is made to the following description
Sheets 01' WebSPf paper rapidly upwardly We? a"
considered in connection with the accompanying
considerable distance such that the succeeding 25 drawings in which:
sheet of_ the superposed paper lengths are placed
Figure 1 is a perspective View of a coin/em
m.p°s1t1°n .for th? mixt typmg 01.‘ Prmtm? Opel"
tional typing or adding and tabulating machine
$101.1‘ Durmg this elecmon spactng feeding 9p"
improved in accordance with the invention. This
eratwn of the paper webs’ the pm Wheel which
- view is taken from the rear of the machine with
feeds the carbon ribbons across the paper is 30
some of the parts removed in order to show the
moved to make certain that the carbon ribbons
parts involved in the invention more clearly.
are free from the typed or printed sheets.
It will
be understood that the pin wheel does not rotate
Flgu,“ 2 1s a fragmentary elevatmnal ‘new of
duringtthe typing or printing operation.
a modi?ed structural arrangement, partly broken
The pin wheel 1.5‘ therefore called upon to 3-5 away and a section of the actuating elements for
have a number of diiierent rotary operations,
rotating the paper and ribbon drives
extending over different periods of time and these
mm? 3 IS an elevational end view of the
rotary movements may be separated by periods
mechamsm Show? 111 Flgul‘e 2 and taken at ap
of time during which the pin wheel remains sta-
prelflmately the hne 3-? in that ?gure.
tionary. In the case of a motor driven machine, .10
the motor rotates continuously so that a suit-
Flgure 4 15 e VIEW elmllal‘ t0 Flgllre 3 but
sho‘fvlng a modi?ed structural arrangement
able form of “clutch must be inserted between the
Fleure 5 Is an elevatwnal vlew of the improved
motor drive and the intermittently movable. pin
machine looking from the front but with the
‘wheel. The control element for this clutch is
paper web brokenaway to Show the otherwise
normally of a complicated type since‘the clutch 45 hidden Parts
must operate entirely automatically and over
Figure 6 is a view of the ratchet wheel shown‘
di?erent time intervals during the line spacing
in Figure 7, looking approximately from the po
and eject operations of the machine and must
sition of line 6—6 in that ?gure in the direction
be kept open during the typing of the succes0f the arrows
sivelines of print,
The primary object of the present invention is
to eliminate this complicated clutch and its con-
Figure 7 is a perspective diagrammatic view
of the details of an electrically operated system
for actuating the ribbon feeding mechanism.
trol element. As a substitute therefore, a mech- ‘
This structure represents a modi?cation of the
anism is provided of the electrical type which
Will perform all of the functions of the intermit- 5
apparatus shown in the other ?gures.
Figure 8 shows a modi?ed form of ratchet
wheel and pawl which is employed for rotating
the ribbon feeding pin Wheel.
Figure 9 represent a fragmentary diagram
matic View of a modi?ed form of star wheel
and associated mechanism which initiates the
operation of the pin wheel shown in Figure '7.
Genefdl arr'cmgeii'ieizt
plied from a spool compartment 4 of any suitable
and well known type, the latter being secured
to one of the side frames 5 of the machine.
The spools are separated from one another with
in the compartment ‘4 and the four strands of
ribbon are carried over suitably positioned and
individual guide. rolls 6- mounted; on: spindles
which project inwardly from the side. plate. .In
In general, the maniiolding machine of this
order to change the direction of the ribbons from
invention as shown in Figures 1 and 2 is an ate,»v
the vertical to the horizontal so as to cause
to be to
typeinor conjunction
print a-record;
“platen, isoecalled turn plate ‘I is employed, this
the, ribbon, to“ extend along the length of the
as a tabulating and listing machine, typewriting ' ' plate" being secured to the right hand side plate .
machine or adding machine._;'_'I‘he-;mac;hine<org,
dinarily is provided with typing-mechanism,- in-i
5;:as:;seen;in;Ffigure_,5;, The turn plate may com
prise "an; angularlyiishaped sheet of metal having
a large ?at plate and being provided at the
eluding type and a ribbon, together with means
bottomwith a,,_diag_o_nally extending edge 8 over
for printing a single copy of a record or multiple.
copies with the use of sheets‘ of‘ carbon paper ' “ which the ribbons are caused to move, thus giv
interleaved between the multiple paper sheets on»; “ .ing-ethemLaE horizontal direction as seen in Fig
20 ures 5 and 7. At the opposite end of the platen
In the}, machine disclosed in ‘, this application
thefihultiple copies of. the recordj-are-made- upon,
multiple‘ paper webs interleaved,with.“one-time”'
theribbons which are, now arranged. in stack
form ,7 due-to; the converging.v action._.of the-turn
plate. are caused. to, pass around . a. pin. wheel]
copying.ribb-onsbetween the,.multiple' paper webs
9.. which isv rotatablgp actuated inthe. man'nen
and. traveling in. a. direction.’perpendicular. to
the direction ‘ormotion ofjth'e. sheetsor-webs.
Inthis mannenlnjecessityfor the use of carbonv
which-fwill be- described hereinaften ,
Thus {they pin. wheel-serves. to. exert a _ pull :on,
sheets is,‘ eliminated, together. with, the : diffi
cultiesjo'f5 realining- the carbon: sheets whenv oc-v
CalSlDn“ requires,
the various lengths of 'ribbomandthereioremain,
tains the, latter iniattautconditioni 'llhis taut
ness, isffacilitatedu by applying] a1 braking _' action.
‘The? copying. ,- ribbons': employed, 30 on“the‘-spools.' Iii. contained-1m thegcompartment >
in the present inyentionar'e, made or a cheap
4., ‘It-“Willi be understood} that» the . ribbons. 3.
material and canmbe;used‘konevtimeiand then
discarded, A__ shortstrip or; the, copying, ribbon
interleave the paper lengths 2 and-whensthemae -
which‘ may, consistlofna‘. carbonpaper ribbon is.
through; the: spacesqrformed, betvljieenv the 1 sheets-r
» of paper,
is; well; understood-inv the, art;
equivalent to anjentire. sheetjofjthe'barbon paper
hitherto employed.
A; typewriting imachine of thecharacten shown
Certain machines; for which, my. invention, is ,
intended, such as .t'ajbulating‘andiisting machines
are equipped withg‘wmechanisms for automatic‘
moving the paper ‘Webs a" multiplicity.
forms; that.
spacings between ‘ successive forms ,injorder' to
pass from the typing.,_p0sitio_n, at the, bottom of“
onejform,_to the't'yping position," at the top of 'the' I
next form.
chine, is originally seteupithe ribbons} are taken,‘
is often; employed‘; infvconnectionlwithi a, mani_-.
folding; operation inqwhichf the paper» sheets on
webs, are, presented; from I aystaclg of-I paper which
has reversely positioned foldsjorg creases. Such,
a. paper staclg is; indicated; at. H (Figure 1)- and
thestachis; carriedginqaibasket llwhich may
be secured‘ to the frame cribs-machine- After
passing under-the platen .l- the leaner-visa guided;
These forms" are providedvw'ith, i'e-. 45 ,vertically: upward .;over the; frame; generally - desige.
versely, arranged creases or folds in orderwmore"
( conveniently it‘Ql be‘ handled and they are pre- ,
sented to ‘the main-machine and'the manifoldin‘gt
attachment in this-manner.
These forms are caused'itoi lie ?at-wise- against ‘/
a vertical framework of-the'machine during the’
"natedgby the numeral} l3._ See Figure, 5;- This
framga: may ‘consist of i a‘. number; of side; strips .~ l4;
securednendrvise. together;- and: spaced». apart by;
acumen-shaft; l 5.
intermediate shaft IB.- and.
a lower: shaft; ll; 'Iiheiuppermcseshaft 15*is:
typing or-printing operation‘and when this-oper- '
prvvided witha plura. ty of .-.r.0.1.1ers; l8 sleeved-at.
various distances apart to accommodateany-del
ation/isi completed the»~forms: are fed upwardly
sired ; Width; of: paper. . The: intermediate: shaft;
over“ the frame in such away that’ they- will‘
return. toitheir. creased unfolded conditionv and .
l6 may SEITVe:as;.a.,mf>lllliingffolf~13h ribbon‘: spools
be received by a basket or- trough.
‘ >
> '
In general, I’ propose-to» eliminate '- clutches '
and mechanicalipowerl transmission mechanisms,
replacing themi-by-electrical systems of aisiimpli
?ed'arrangement andlparts.
Referring more: particularlylto- Figures 1 and;
5, reference character l- designates the platenlof
the-machine and-the middle line of. the-platen
would-‘represent. the: normal typing or. printing
I 5 ,while, that lower sh
' '
_ ,rovidcd with
A chain; zilwis; carriedibv these; sprocket: wheels,
the: upper; ends; o_f;_the_ chainzmeshing with an
equivalent pain ofywheclsmounted ,»on,1the»shaft
l 5; as shown: in ‘ Figure ,5, ;or;on~_~_sha__f_t{ _l B I as ShQWIl'
in__Figure_ 1.. Theqsprc-ckeiix;chains;2i! areupro
vided; with; outwardly extending; projections- 26w
which. register with qspaced;openings;_54icontained
in the, multiple paper ‘web
position at which the type arms contact -> with 65 $uQh1tha1tffa1SEth§i chainszarre: moved: upwardly. the I
the paper. The. lengths of} paper- being-Jtype'd i or
printed. ‘are. indicated‘ at; 2: and .foi'isimplicity.
only onethickness of paper. hasbeen. illu'strate'd'i
although it will be understood that‘ there is 1'
paper sheets: 2 :areacaused to, begfed in the verti
cal, direction over: the; guide, rollers‘, 18; The
vsprcmlget wheels; I9 are actuatedibyjmeans- of: a
‘gear-22 secured; to the'shaft IT, at the; outside of
normally. a: plurality ofpaper sheets being fed 70 ‘the frame members. This gear meshes; through"v
agear train,23 witha gear 24 whichis mounted
simultaneouslythroughthe. machine and. inter-. on the platenv shaft '25: The gear 24 vis power
leavefd: withcarb'on paper ribbons indicated atl
driven through aipinion 26-which, may be me
i3. 1 These; ribbons’, of. which. four, have. been, illus
trated assuminggthath?ve sheets of: paper arev
chanically connected‘ in any suitable, and well
being typed or printed, simultaneously are sup 75. . knownmanner to themain drivemotor 21 shown
in Figure 1. A suitable form of clutch is in
serted between the motor and the gear train
which drives the sprocket shaft ll. Consequent
mally held in. an extended position by means
of a tension spring 59 secured to an anchor
rod 60. An electrical circuit indicated by the
wires 6| is taken from the electromagnet 4'! tea
1y, as the shaft I? is rotated in a manner which
will be described in detail, the manifolded paper Cl micro-switch 62 of any suitable and‘ well‘ known
is pulled from the stack H and after passing
character. The movable contact ‘of the switch ,
around the platen I is caused to move vertically
extends downwardly therefrom and this: contact
is adapted to engage the teeth 63 of a circular
upwardly over the rollers l8 by means of the
sprocket chains and the upper end of the paper
element 64 which is mounted on a rotatable shaft
may be received as a folded stack by the basket 10 55. In addition to the teeth 63 the element 64
is provided preferably with ‘a smooth cam sur
The paper is maintained in a relatively flat
face 66 for reasons which will be explained pres
state ‘as it is moved upwardly over the rollers by
means of a skeleton frame which may be formed
Operation of the structure shown in Figure 1
of a plurality of vertically extending metal strips
Assume that the shaft 55 (lower left hand
29 secured at their upper ends to a horizontally
corner of Figure 1) is connected to an element
disposed bar 35 and the lower ends of which carry
of the main typing or printing machine which
a short horizontal bar 3 I. This frame‘, or rather
element is controlled in its movement such as
the lower ends thereof press against the paper.
The motor 2‘! may be secured to one of the , to provide the proper sequential movements of
the ribbon feeding and paper feeding mechanism,
side walls 5 of the machine and a shaft 32 con
during the line spacing and eject operations. A
nects the motor to a clutch generally indicated
machine sold on the market under the name of
at 33. This clutch is of simple and conventional
“IBM” provides such an element and assume
type, employing a grooved collar 34 which is keyed‘
that when this element is caused to move dur
to the shaft 32 but is permitted to slide along the
ing the operation of the “IBM” machine a ro
shaft. The collar is provided with teeth (not
tary effect of a predetermined amount and at
shown) ‘at its inner end and these teeth are
the proper time is supplied to the shaft 65. The
adapted to engage the teeth 35 of the coupling
teeth 53 of the member 64 will successively en
36 which is mounted on a shaft 31in alinement
with the shaft 32. The shaft 31 may be jour- _ gage the reciprocable rod of the switch 62 and
will ‘cause the circuit 6| to be closed and ‘opened
nalled‘in bearings formed by the brackets 38. A
sequentially. If this circuit were connected to a
worm 39 is secured to the shaft 31, this worm
battery (not shown) the current impulses would
meshing with a worm Wheel 40 which is se
cause the successive energization and de-ener~
cured to a shaft 4| journalled at“ in the side
gization of the electromagnet 41. Assume for
the moment that the eleotromagnet is energized
For moving the collar 34 toward and away from
during one of these impulses, the arm 44 is caused
the clutch portion 36 a bifurcated yoke 43 is em
to swing about the shaft 45 and the clutch 33
ployed, the upper legs of which engage the cir
becomes engaged. The motor 21 is assumed to
cumferential groove in the collar. This yoke is
be continually operating so that motion is trans
carried on an upright arm or lever 44 which is
mitted to the worm 39 and the shaft 4| is accord
pivoted on a shaft 45 intermediate the length
ingly rotated. Under these conditions the paper
of the lever. The lower end of the lever is piv
otally secured to the plunger or slidable arma
2 will be caused to move upwardly and the pin
ture 46 of an electromagnet 41 which is also
Wheel 58 will also rotate to move the ribbon 3
secured in any suitable manner to the‘ side wall.
a predetermined distance to the right.- This is
The shaft 45 is .l'ournalled at each end in any
the effect which takes place during the so-called
line spacing operation in which the paper is
suitable manner as indicated at 48 and the near
er end of the shaft as seen in Figure 1 is pro
moved upwardly a distance represented by the
vided with a crank 49. The free end of the
distance between two successive lines of typed
imprints and the ribbon ‘is moved a predeter
crank is pivotally. secured to an extensible arm
55 which passes through a stationary guide bar
mined distance across the paper to present fresh
5| provided with a slot which received the arm
carbon surfaces to the type arm preparatory for
typing the next line. It is apparent that there
Directly in line with the arm 55 there is a
are as many teeth on the element 64 as may be
ratchet Wheel 52 mounted on the shaft 4| and 55 necessary to line space each form until ?nally
any one tooth of which is adapted to be engaged
the last line on the form is completed.
by the upper end of the arm 56. The shaft 4|
'It is then necessary to cause the paper form
is extended across the rear of the paper 2 and
to be ejected in order to bring the next form into
is provided with one or more paper feeding
position so that the first line on this form may
sprockets I9 carrying a sprocket chain 20 which 60 be typed. By this time the shaft 65 will have
engages the sprocket wheel 2|. As was explained
been rotated to a position such that the cam
in connection with Figure 5 there are normally
surface 66 will be directly under the movable
two sprocket wheel and chain arrangements al
contact member of the limit switch and will hold
the circuit 6| closed over a relatively long period
though only one has been shown in Figure 1 and
the chain carries projections 29a which register 65 of time. Under. these conditions the clutch 33
will be engaged for a corresponding longer period
with openings 54 in the paper webs 2, thus mov
of time causing the sprocket chains 25 to move
ing these webs upwardly as the sprocket wheel
the paper upwardly through‘the predetermined
I9 is rotated. The outer end of the shaft 4|
distance required for the eject operation and at
carries a gear 55 which meshes with a gear 56
the same time causing the pin‘ wheel 58 to be
mounted on a shaft 51 journalled in any suit
able and well known manner. A pin wheel 58 is
rotated as many times as is desired according to
mounted on the shaft 57 and the ribbon or the
the operating schedule of a manifold typing or
printing machine. It will be understood that
ribbon stack 3 is carried around the pin wheel
as indicated.
The armature 4B of the electromagnet is nor
. the shaft 65 is not operated continuously but only
75 during those periods of time when it is ‘desired
that. the paper 2 be moved through, a predeter
mined distance upwardly and‘ the pin wheel shall
the; ratchet wheel 68 through a correspondingly
greater distance and this increased movement is
carried to the sprocket wheels. [9 and the pin
be rotated a predetermined number of times.
wheel 80.
In order to prevent over-running of the
Figure» 4 shows apparatus which in some re- I
sprocket chains '28 and Wheel 58~ because of their
spects is similar to that illustrated in Figure 3
momentum at the ‘end of a, spacing or ejecting
operation, spring 59v acts instantaneously upon
except that a double form of electromagnet
represented by thee-lemen-ts 81, 88 is employed
de-energization of electromagnet ill to. rotate
These elements 8.1 and 8.8 operate alternately. In
shaft 45 and arm 49 counter-clockwise, to thus
move the end of arm- 5!! into the path of the teeth 10 this. structure there is no necessity for a tension
spring 89 (Figure 3) for withdrawing the arma
upon ratchet wheel 52-. Arm 50 thus. acts. to pre
ture of the electromagnet because: the’ elements
vent any further paper-advancing movement of
81, 88 serve when energized to withdraw the
shaft 4| and the parts connected therewith, until
electromagnet 4'! is again energized
armature of the opposite electromagnet. A
In Figures 2 and 3 a modi?ed arrangement is 15 double three-wire. circuit indicated at 9-0 is taken
from the electromagnets, this-circuit being con
shown. These ?gures illustrate a pair of paper
moving chains 20 which are mounted on sprocket
nected to a double contact limit switch. 9|, which
wheels I9, the latter being carried on a shaft If.
The shaft extends through the side frame mem
ber 5 of the machine and is provided with a 20
gear 61, also a ratchet wheel 68. A pawl 69 piv
oted at ‘HI is adapted to engage the teeth of the
ratchet wheel, the pawl being carried on an arm
‘H which is pivotally connected to the plunger
12 of an electromagnet ‘E3. The gear 61. is adapt 25
ed to engage with a gear 14 which is mounted
on the outside of the frame member 5., this gear.
being carried on a shaft. '75 which terminates. in
a bevel gear 76 pinned to. the. shaft. The bevel
gear and its shaft. 15 are. journalled in a casing
‘ll secured to the side frame member’ 5. The
bevel gear 16 is adapted to mesh with a bevel
gear 18 which is journalled in the bottom portion
‘59 of the casing ll. A. shaft (not shown) ex
is different. from the previously described limit
switch- 85 in that contact is made when the mov
able ?nger moves upwardly and a different con
tact is made- when. the ?nger is permitted to
move downwardly. A- star wheel 86 similar to
that explained in connection with Figure 3 may
be employed but the requirements. as to the op
eration of the starwheel are different in Figure 4
than that explained in connection with Figure 3.
Thus as the. wheel 85 is rotated clockwise the
reciprocable ?nger is ?rst caused. to move. up
' Wardly at which time the. electromagnet 88; be
comes. energized. This operation will cause the
pawl 68 to rotate the ratchet wheel 68. countere
clockwise anditotransfer this movement to the
sprocket chains ZEI. and the pin wheel Bil as was
explained in connection with Figure 3. However,
tends downwardly from the gear .18 toa pin 35 as the star wheel 86 is turned a few degrees more
the movable ?nger is permitted tov drop; thus
tective housing 8|. As shown in Figures 2 and
opening the circuit of the electromagnet 88 and
3 the side frame member 5 may be provided at
closing the circuit of the electromagnet 87. The
its lower end with an arcuate slot which fits over
wheel. 88, the shaft being contained in a pro
a portion of reduced diameter 83 formed at one
end of the platen I.
An electrical circuit 84
latter upon being energized moves the left hand
end of the pawl arm ‘H upwardly; with a power
ful action to a position ready for the pawl 69 to
engage the ratchet wheel 63 when the electro
magnet 83 is again energized as the resultof
passes through a battery (not shown) to a micro
limit switch indicated at 35. The movable con
tact member or ?nger of the switch is adapted
to engage the teeth'of a ‘star wheel 86. The lat 45 further movement of the wheel 86. Consquently,
in the structure shown in Figure 4 the arm ll is
ter is mounted on a shaft similar to the shaft
given a strong downward movement by the elec
65‘ as explained in Figure 1 and is connected to
tromagnet 88 uponrotation of the star Wheel 86
an element of thermain “IBM” machine which
and the 'pawl arm is returned with a powerful
will give the shaft the proper amount of rota
tion at the proper times for controlling the move 50 movement to its initial position by the electro
magnet 81' ready to engage the succeeding tooth
ments of the paper webs and the pin wheel.
‘on the ratchet wheel upon ‘further energization
Assume that the 'wheel 86 is being rotated
of the electromagnet 88. Due to the increased
clockwise automatically at the beginning of the
positiveness of the movement of the pawl arm "H
line spacing operation, the circuit through the
by the use of the two opposed electromagnets, the
switch 85 is closed momentarily due to the up
arrangement shown in Figure 4 gives a much
ward movement of the ?nger so that the electro
quicker action than that shown in Figure 3.
magnet 13 becomes energized. The arm ‘H is
Figures 6 and 7 show still other structure
caused to move counterclockwise thus rotating
the ratchet wheel 68 in the same direction. The ‘
which may be employed. for moving the ribbons
shaft I‘! on which the sprocket wheels is are 60 during the line spacing and eject operations of
the. typing machine. The structures shown in
mounted is thus given a counterclockwise rota
these figures differ from those explained in the
tional impulse to cause the paper to move up"
wardly a distance corresponding to the space be
other ?gures in that mechanism is provided for
driving only the ribbon feeding pin wheel and
tween the successive typed lines. At the same
time the gear 6'! causes the gear ‘M to rotate 6.5 no. Provision has been illustrated by which to
clockwise and this rotary effort is transferred
through the bevel gear 18 to the pin wheel 80
thus causing the. carbon ribbon to move the
drive the paper fed sprocket chains. A solenoid
92 may be employed, this solenoid being secured
by a.v bracket 93 to one of the side frame members
5. The solenoid is horizontally disposed and
The same modi?ed operation applies to the 70. contains a slidable plunger or armature 94 pro
condition in which the successive paper forms
vided with a rod extension 95. The latter is
on the machine are being substituted for one
pivotally connected to a horizontal arm 96 which
another during the eject operation in which case
is rotatably mounted at the upper end'of a, shaft
the star wheel 85 is rotated through a greater
91 carrying at its lower end a ribbon feeding pin
angular distance causing the pawl 69 to rotate 75 wheel 98. A downwardly extending rod 99 is se~
proper distance to the left as seen in Figure 2.
‘cured to the arm as he a pawl I00'is pivotally
.wheel I05 is rotated rapidly, as'for example‘dur- ‘
The arrangement
on the rod 99.
is v such that when the elec
‘tromagnet 92 becomes energized in‘ a manner ex
ing an‘ eject operation, ‘the, pin ‘I09 is ‘forced from
the notch H0 and dueto the inertia of the bar
I01, the pin will'not re-entera notch‘in the
plained hereinafter the rod 05 moves inwardly,
wheel until the latter has come to rest. '
causing the arm 98 to rotate counterclockwise as
seen from the top. This movement causes the
pawl I00 to engage the teeth of a ratchet wheel
been operated only once ‘during the complete ‘
revolutions during the‘eject operation, the elec
including the position of the pivot, also the depth
Under these conditions, theswitch 35‘will have
movement of the wheel I05 so that the pin wheel
98 (Figure 7) will have moved‘ only through a
IOI which is secured to the shaft 91. Thelatter
is therefore given a counterclockwise rotation. 10 very limited angular distance,’ notwithstanding
the fact that the notched‘wheel I05 has been
As the pin wheel 98 is rotated counterclockwise
moved perhaps through seevral revolutions dur
‘ the ribbon 3 is pulled. to the left. As in the case
ing the eject operation.‘ Inasmuch as the pin
of the other constructions, the electromagnet 92
wheel 98 has moved the equivalent of only one
is intermittently energized, the movements taking
place during the line spacing and eject‘ opera 15 notch'in the wheel I05, only a very short length
of ribbon 3 (Figure 7) 'has been ‘pulled along
tions. This can be accomplished by'meansof the
the platen during'the eject-operation. 1
switch 85, the movable contact ?nger of which‘ is
‘It is apparent that any ‘desired relative rate
operated the’ proper number of times by a star
of movement between, the carbon ribbon ‘and
wheel I02. The latter may be connected‘o‘n the
shaft I03 of the platen I so that as the platen 20 the paper web may be obtained forla given rate
of rotation of wheel I05, by predetermining the
is rotated a few angular‘ degrees during the line
weight of the bar I01, the length of the, bar
spacing operation, and a number of complete
of the notches and the numb-er of notches in
the proper distance across the paper webs. As in 25 the wheel I65.
tromagnet 92 is energized to move the ribbon 3
From the foregoing it is evident that I have
disclosed inexpensive yet eifective apparatus for
moving the paper webs upwardly the requisite
distance during the eject operation and also for
the structure described in connection with Fig 30 pulling the ribbon or ribbons along the platen
the proper distances according to the type of op
ures 6 and 7 and which is intended to actuate
eration. The control in all of these cases is con
the ribbon feeding pin wheel 98 when the solenoid
stituted of a simple electrical switch cooperating
92 is intermittently energized through the switch
the other ?gures, this ribbon may constitute a
number of strands interleaved with the paper
In Figure 8 I have shown a modi?ed form of
with a star wheel or cam which is automatically
85. The pawl I00, instead of continually con
tacting with the ratchet wheel l0l, as in Figure 35 actuated in accordance with the movements of
the machine parts. The various elements which
6, is now caused to be moved away from the
are employed for providing the paper and ribbon
ratchet wheel by means of a bar I03a provided
drives ‘are standard parts, requiring no special
with a pin I04 on which the inner surface of the
machine work and these drives are of the most
pawl I60 rides.
It is apparent that as the arm 95 swings on 40 direct and effective character.
It will be ‘understood that I desire to compre
its shaft 51 in response to the reciprocations of
hend within my invention such modi?cations as
the rod member 95 and the further outwardly the
come within the scope of the claims and the in
pawl IE0 is moved by the arm £03 the fewer
the number of teeth on the ratchet IBI will be
causedto engage with the pawl. ' Consequently, 45
the rate at which the ratchet wheel IOI is ro
tated will depend on the setting of the pawl
member I00 which is brought about by a trans
Verse movement of the bar I03. The latter may
be operated by hand to any adjusted, position depending on the rate that it is desired to rotate
the pin wheel ‘98 in response to each recipro
cation of the solenoid operated rod 95.
It is apparent that the pin wheel operating
structure shown in Figure 'I'may be used either
with or without mechanism for providing an
eject operation. If an eject operation is desired,
suitable and well known mechanism may be pro
vided for rotating the sprocket shaft I‘! in timed
relation with the rotation of the star wheel I02.
A suitable inertia device for preventing re
peated actuations of switch 85 when wheel I05
is turned above a predetermined minimum an
gular rate, is shown in Figure‘ 9. Assume that a
notched wheel I05 is carried on a shaft I05
which rotates in timed relation with mechanism
for operating the paper feeding shaft ll.
sume also that the micro-switch 85 is connected
to the solenoid 92 (Figure 7) and has the same
function as was explained in connection with
that ?gure. A heavy metal bar It‘! pivoted at
I08 is positioned between the contact of the
switch 85 and the wheel I05. A pin I09 is sus
pended from the bar I0‘! and is adapted to pro
ject into the notches H0 of the wheel. If the
Having thus fully described my invention, what
I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters
Patent is:
1. A typing machine including a platen, ‘means
for moving paper over the platen, a carbon rib
bon extending crosswise of the paper and length
wise of the platen, means for moving said carbon
ribbon over the paper both of said paper moving
means and ribbon moving means including an
electromagnet in common, and means for ener
;, gizing said electromagnet intermittently in ac
cordance with line spacing and sweep feeding op
erations of the machine, said last mentioned
means including an electrical circuit and a switch
therein, also including a star wheel adapted to
60 intermittently operate said switch in accordance
with the desired line~spacing and sweep feeding
operations of the machine.
2. A typing machine including a platen, means
for moving paper over the platen, a carbon ribbon
' extending crosswise of the paper, and axially
along of the platen at the typing position, means
for moving the carbon ribbon during predeter
mined operations of the machine, said paper
moving and ribbon moving mechanism including
a pair of solenoids connected in opposition within
an electrical system, cores slidable in said
solenoids, means connecting said cores for move
ment in opposition to each other and a ratchet
mechanism including an arm connected to said
core connecting means for actuating said paper
moving .means andv saidlr'ibbon moving means,
of the machine, said energizing means including
said' solenoids ‘being adapted‘ to ‘be: energized. in
sequence to effect line spacing, andsweep ‘feeding
a circuit, a switch in said circuit, and a star wheel
operations of the machine.
3. A typing machine including a platen,-means
for moving paper over the platen, means for
moving va transfer ribbon transversely across-‘the
adapted to intermittently operate said switch in
accordance with desired line-spacing and sweep
feeding operations‘.
5. ‘In a typing machine having a platen and
type movable into typing engagement with said
paper axially of said platen, means: re?ecting
movement of said" paper moving means and said
platen, ‘?rst means operable to ‘move paper in line
spacing and sweep feeding movements over said
ribbon moving means in- unison and including a it) platen, second means operable to feed‘ a ribbon
ratchet wheel, a pawl operable to move- said
over-said paper and‘ axially along said platen,
wheel in’ stepeby-s'tep increments, an electro
means operating said ?rst and said second means ‘
magnet connected to operate said‘ ‘pawl-to ad—
step by. step in unison, including an electromag
vance said ‘paper and ribbon, land-a second elec
net', a switch in circuit with and adapted to ener
tromagnet connected to retract said‘ pawl.
gize said electromagnet, a star wheel operable in
4. In atyping machine including a platen,
accordance with the desired line spacing and
means for moving paper over the platen, meansv
sweep. feeding ‘operation of the machine and an
for moving a carbon ribbon‘ over and axially along
inertia arm positioned to be oscillated by rotation
said platen, both of‘ said paper moving means
of'said wheel below a predetermined rate, to in
and said ribbon moving means including’an elec 12:0 termittently- actuate said switch in its oscilla
tromagent in common, and means for energizing
tions, said arm being insensitive to rotation of
said electromagnet intermittently in accordance
said; wheel above said predetermined rate.
with line spacing and sweep feeding voperations
Без категории
Размер файла
1 262 Кб
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа