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Патент USA US2407816

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Sept. 17, 1946.
I
s. F. CZERNER
FOLDING mu. VANE WIN-DMILL
Original Filed Dec. 30, 1943
‘ 2,407;816
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2 Sheets-Sheet 1
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Sept. 17, 1946. '
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s. F. CZERNER -
2,407,816
FOLDING TAIL VANE WINDMILL
Original Filed Dec. 30, 1945
2 Sheets-Sheet 2
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SEC’zerner
2,407,816
Patented Sept. 17, 1946
UNITED STATES rATENT ()FFICE
j ‘2,407,816
FOLDING TAIL VAN E WINDMILL
Scverin F. Czerner, Kings Mill, Tex.
Original application December 30, 1943, Serial No.
516,310. Divided and this application Septem
ber 22, 1944, Serial No. 555,300
4 Claims. (Cl. 170-46)
1
This invention relates to a windmill and par- ‘
ticularly to one having a novel folding tail vane
and operating mechanism.
The present invention constitutes a division of
2
the tower 42 where it is protected from icy
weather.
Body 39 has an extended bearing at 45 in which
a shaft 46 is journaled and to which a wind wheel
41 is keyed or rigidly fastened. Also keyed to the
shaft 46 within the body 39 is a pinion or gear
wheel 48 which is enmeshed with a gear'wheel
or pinion 49, having a smaller gear wheel or pin
aimed to provide a structure which operates on
ion 50 integral with it. Such gear wheel 50 is
the knee action principle and eliminates side
thrust on the pump rod, without requiring the use 10 enmeshed with an annular gear or ring 5| having
internal teeth, and which ring is secured in the
of pitmans, rocker arms, yokes, rollers, slides, or
body 39 by screws 52 or otherwise. Also en
the equivalent, with a View to conserving power
meshed with the teeth of the internal ring gear
and attaining a reduction in noise, friction and
51 is a gear wheel 53 keyed to a shaft 54 journaled
wear.
in and extending through a ?ywheel 55. A stub
15
Further, it is aimed to provide a structure of
shaft in the form of a screw 56 is fastened to the
the present character in which less material will
?ywheel 55 and the gear wheel 49 is journaled
be required with lighter towers being used, and to
thereon. Said ?ywheel 55 is surrounded by a
provide a structure which is generally improved
bearing ring 51 secured by screws or the like 58
and is especially light, simple, compact, enclosed,
the body 39, and ball bearings or the
accessible, streamlined, self-oiling, has rotatry 20 Within
equivalent B0 are interposed between the periph
' motion and straight lift.
ery of the ?ywheel 55 and the bearing rings 51.
The more speci?c objects and advantages will
The
gears are of such construction that they may
in part be pointed out and otherwise become ap
be transposed to change the gear ratio if desired.
parent from a consideration of the description
to the shaft 54 is a crank or knee mem-'
following taken in connection with drawings illus 25 berKeyed
El having an opening 62 therethrough
trating an operative embodiment.
through which the upper angular end 63 of a
In said drawings:
pump rod 64 passes.
Figure 1 is a View in elevation of the improved
The body 39 is adapted to be ?lled to the de
windmill;
sired
level with a lubricant through an opening
30
Figure 2 is a view primarily in vertical section
my application Serial No. 516,310, ?led December
30, 1943, for a Knee action windmill.
Further, as in said pending application, it is
covered by aplug 61.
of said windmill;
Figure 3 is a vertical section taken on the line
3--5 of Figure 2; and
Figure 4 is a vertical section taken on the line
4-4 of Figure 2.
1
Referring speci?cally to the drawings wherein
One or more arms 65 may extend from the
short pipe 42 and carry a vane 66.
In operation, the wheel 41 will rotate the shaft
46 so that through the gearing, the crank 6| will
reciprocate the pump rod 64 in order to operate
the pump.
,
like reference characters designate like or similar
It is to be understood that a side vane (not
parts throughout the different views, the body is
shown) may be employed to partly close the mill
designated 39 and has a bearing portion 45 pro
in
high winds.
40
vided with a depending lone furling pipe 41; a
It will be clear that any type of furling device
short pipe 42 surrounds pipe 4| and is of longer
or brake and control therefor may be employed.
diameter and is journaled in the top of a suitable
Various changes may be resorted to provided
tower 42’. Numeral 43 designates a suitable or
they
fall within the spirit and scope of the inven
conventional collar having inward projections
43a at its upper end shaped to ?t into a spiral =' tion.
I claim as my invention:
groove 4319 at the bottom of the short pipe and
1. A device of the class described having a
inward projections 430 at its bottom end shaped
to fit into the spiral grooves 43d of the long pipe
body, a shaft journaled therein for rotation
4|. In a groove 41a of said collar 43 is a ring 411)
pivotally attached at 410 to a forked furling arm
or lever 41d to which the pull-out wire 416 is at
tached. Reference character 44 is a governing
to said rod, gearing driven by said shaft and
operatively connected to said crank, a tower, a
spring to keep the mill open in normal wind.
Such furling mechanism or any equivalent in—
through the action of a wind wheel, a rod to
actuate a pump or the like, a crank connected
wind vane, a tube journaled in said tower and
connected to the wind vane, a tube depending
cluding spring 44 is preferably located inside of 55 from the body passing through and beyond the
3
2,407,816
4
?rst-mentioned tube, said rod extending through
the second-mentioned tube, a collar on the tubes,
a lug and spiral groove connection between the
collar and each of the tubes, a furling element,.
and a lever to actuate the collar for operation
by the furling element for rotating the ?rst men
tioned tube relatively to the last mentioned tube.
2. A device of the class described having a
body, a shaft journaled therein for rotation
through the action of a wind wheel, a rod to actu-'
ate a pump or the like, a crank connected to said
rod, gearing driven by said shaft and operatively
extending through the tube into the body, a wind
wheel and pump rod, a wind vane, a sleeve con
nected to. the wind vane and journaled on the
tube, said tube and'sleeve having oppositely, di
rected spiral grooves, a collar mounted on the
sleeve and tube and having lugs engaging said
grooves, and remotely operatedifurling means for
moving the collar in one direction relatively to‘
the tube and sleeve for rotating the tube and
sleeve relatively to one another to furl the wind
* vane.
4. In a windmill, a tower, a tube journaled
therein, a body mounted on the tube, a pump
connected to said crank, a tower having an en
closed upper portion, a wind vane, a tube con
rod extending through the tube into the body,’
_ nected to the wind vane and‘journaled in said
a Wind wheel and pump rod, a wind vane, a sleeve
connected to the wind vane and journaled on the
upper portion, a tube depending from the body
passing through the ?rst-mentioned tube, said
rod extending through the second-mentioned
tube, said tube and sleeve having oppositely di
rected spiral grooves, a collar mounted on the
tube, a collar withinthe enclosure, a lug and
sleeve and tube and having lugs engaging said
spiral groove connection between the ‘collar and 20 grooves, and remotely operated furling means for
each of the tubes,’ a furling element, and a lever
moving the collar in one direction relatively to
pivoted on the collar and fulcrumed on the tower
the tube and sleeve for rotating vthe tube and
and extending exteriorly of the enclosure for
sleeve relatively to one another to fur] the wind
operation by the furling element, for rotating the , vane, and a spring for urging the collar in the
tubes relatively to one another.
7
3. In a windmill, a tower, a tube journaled
therein, a body mounted on the tube, a pump rod
25
opposite direction to normally retain the wind
vane in an operative position.
' .‘
SEVERIN F. CZERNER.
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